For years, China has been way out front as the world's most important source of economic growth.
While the country's mammoth economy – the second largest in the world – continues to grow at a rapid clip, it is cooling as other enormous economies heat up.
From Societe Generale's new quarterly Global Economic Outlook report:
End of China growth dominance: China has long been the dominant driver of Asia growth, but this is no longer the case as the economy undergoes a structural slowdown. Japan has engaged policy stimulus and US recovery marks an additional positive for global growth. The PBoC has resisted the temptation to ease and, looking ahead, we expect to see tighter credit conditions in China act as an additional brake on economic activity. The Fed’s QE exit may amplify the situation, drawing out capital and placing downward pressure on the yuan. Structural reform will ultimately determine how painful the adjustment will be – the right reform efforts have the potential to smooth the adjustment.
Below are two charts from SocGen that show how important China is to the rest of the world. First is SocGen's estimate for the impacts of a major economic slowdown in China:
And here are China's big trading partners:
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