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China’s Pork Consumption Risks Collapse as Prices Surge

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China Is Throwing the Doors Open to Meat Imports Amid Swine Fever Crisis

(Bloomberg) -- Tang Jie, who works on a pig farm, says he used to get pork from the wet market near his home every day. But he hasn’t bought any in two months. And his favorite dish, stewed pork ribs with lotus root, has been cut from the menu at his local restaurant.

“We can barely afford the prices,” Tang, a resident of the southwestern Chinese city of Chengdu, said at a hog conference last month. “Restaurants are changing the menu, and using less pork because of the high prices.”

In south Beijing, small restaurant-owner Yang Yi says he’s had to risk losing customers by raising the price of his popular braised pork dish, Hong Shao Rou, by 17% to 68 yuan. He said he can’t otherwise absorb the higher cost of the meat, which spiked nearly 70% in September after hog numbers collapsed more than 40% from a year earlier because of African swine fever.

Tang and Yang are hardly alone in counting the toll of the deadly outbreak that has devastated hog herds in China. The astonishing surge in pork prices, the staple meat for Chinese people, could yet run many more months and on the way see consumption in the world’s biggest market fall by half. The question is whether that demand will ever come back.

“There’s simply not enough of the meat domestically, or globally, for China,” said Ma Chuang, deputy secretary general at the Chinese Association of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine in Beijing.

At current prices, the country’s pork consumption could fall by 50%, said Cheng Guangyan, director at the farm ministry’s Institute of Food and Nutrition Development in Beijing.

Once the cheapest meat, pork dominated Chinese tables and accounted for more than 60% of animal protein consumption. Households are now switching to other sources, putting up the price of alternates like beef and poultry, alarming the government and giving the central bank an inflation headache. Even egg futures hit a record last week.

Record domestic pork prices have also driven the nation’s meat imports to heady levels. Overseas pork purchases jumped more than 70% in September from a year earlier, while beef was up over 50%. In its latest attempt to fill the supply gap, China has approved shipments of swine offal from seven plants in Brazil. The global imbalance in supply-demand is expected “to drive higher and more volatile markets in the coming months, magnifying an already tenuous situation,” according to Rabobank.

And elevated prices could yet worsen the outlook for China, as farmers delay slaughter to allow their pigs to grow larger while retaining more sows for breeding, said Jim Huang, head of independent consulting firm www.china-data.com.cn. Huang said he expects pork prices to hit 60 yuan a kilo by the end of 2019 as supply drops 70% from last year’s level.

China’s Pig Crisis Is Pushing Up Bacon Prices Worldwide

Still, having failed to wean the nation off fattier meats in recent years, the collapse in pork consumption could yet deliver health benefits, said the farm ministry’s Cheng. But, old habits may be hard to break once the crisis passes, and chops, ribs and pork-belly become more affordable.

“From a nutritional point of view, we are encouraging citizens to take more chicken, eggs and fish instead of red meat,” she said. “They may be unhappier as chicken isn’t as delicious as pork,” she said.

(Updates with additional comments in eighth paragraph)

To contact Bloomberg News staff for this story: Niu Shuping in Beijing at nshuping@bloomberg.net

To contact the editors responsible for this story: Anna Kitanaka at akitanaka@bloomberg.net, Jason Rogers, James Poole

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