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CN Reports Second Quarter Results

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Canadian National Railway
Canadian National Railway

Record Results Reflect Improved Operational Performance and Solid Top-Line Growth

MONTRÉAL, July 26, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- CN (TSX: CNR) (NYSE: CNI) today reported its financial and operating results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2022. Financial performance improved year-over-year with record adjusted diluted earnings per share (EPS) of C$1.93, up 30%. (1) For the same period, the Company reported diluted EPS up 32% to C$1.92. CN also delivered solid operational performance with improvements in key operating metrics such as origin train performance, car velocity, through dwell and record fuel efficiency, resulting in a lower operating ratio.

“I am proud of our team of railroaders and pleased with our solid performance this quarter. Our team has the network running well, demonstrating improvements in service levels to our customers, driving greater velocity and generating strong financial results. We are preparing for a busy fall and are well positioned to achieve our 2022 outlook.”

– Tracy Robinson, President and Chief Executive Officer, CN

Financial results and operating highlights
Second-quarter 2022 compared to second-quarter 2021

  • Record revenues of C$4,344 million, an increase of C$746 million or 21%.

  • Record operating income of C$1,769 million, an increase of 28%, and record adjusted operating income of C$1,781 million, an increase of 29%. (1)

  • Diluted EPS of C$1.92, an increase of 32%, and record adjusted diluted EPS of C$1.93, an increase of 30%. (1)

  • Operating ratio, defined as operating expenses as a percentage of revenues, of 59.3%, an improvement of 2.3-points, and adjusted operating ratio of 59.0%, an improvement of 2.6-points. (1)

  • Free cash flow for the first six months of 2022 was C$1,568 million compared to C$1,280 million for the same period in 2021. (1)

  • Injury frequency rate (3) increased by 43% and the accident rate (4) decreased by 24%.

  • Car velocity (car miles per day) improved by 2% and through dwell (entire railroad, hours) improved by 6%.

  • Fuel efficiency improved by 4% to a record of 0.838 US gallons of locomotive fuel consumed per 1,000 gross ton miles (GTMs).

  • For the month of June, origin train performance, defined as the percentage of actual train departure time compared to designed train departure time at selected yards, reached 91%, an improvement of 14% compared to 80% for the same period in 2021.

Reaffirming 2022 financial outlook (2)
CN confirms its 2022 outlook targeting to deliver approximately 15-20% adjusted diluted EPS growth in 2022. (1) CN continues to target an operating ratio below 60% for 2022 as well as a ROIC of approximately 15%. (1) CN maintains its free cash flow target in the range of C$3.7 billion - C$4.0 billion in 2022. (1)

Second-quarter 2022 revenues, traffic volumes and expenses
Revenues for the second quarter of 2022 were C$4,344 million, an increase of C$746 million, or 21%, when compared to the same period in 2021. The increase was mainly due to higher applicable fuel surcharge rates, freight rate increases, higher Canadian export volumes of coal via west coast ports, higher volumes of U.S. grain and the positive translation impact of a weaker Canadian dollar; partly offset by significantly lower export volumes of Canadian grain.

Revenue ton miles (RTMs), measuring the weight and distance of freight transported by CN, increased by 2% compared to the year-earlier period. Freight revenue per RTM increased by 19% compared to the year-earlier period, mainly driven by higher applicable fuel surcharge rates, freight rate increases and the positive translation impact of a weaker Canadian dollar.
Operating expenses for the second quarter of 2022 increased by 16% to C$2,575 million, mainly driven by higher fuel prices and the negative translation impact of a weaker Canadian dollar; partly offset by lower average headcount.

(1) Non-GAAP Measures
CN reports its financial results in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). CN may also use non-GAAP measures in this news release that do not have any standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP, including adjusted net income, adjusted earnings per share, adjusted operating income and adjusted operating ratio (referred to as adjusted performance measures) and free cash flow. These non-GAAP measures may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. For further details of these non-GAAP measures, including a reconciliation to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures, refer to the attached supplementary schedule, Non-GAAP Measures.

CN's full-year adjusted diluted EPS outlook (2), ROIC outlook (2) and free cash flow outlook (2) exclude certain adjustments, which are expected to be comparable to adjustments made in prior years. However, management cannot individually quantify on a forward-looking basis the impact of these adjustments on its adjusted diluted EPS, ROIC or free cash flow because these items, which could be significant, are difficult to predict and may be highly variable. As a result, CN does not provide a corresponding GAAP measure for, or reconciliation to, its adjusted diluted EPS outlook, its ROIC outlook or its free cash flow outlook.

(2) Forward-Looking Statements
Certain statements included in this news release constitute "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and under Canadian securities laws, including statements based on management’s assessment and assumptions and publicly available information with respect to CN. By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. CN cautions that its assumptions may not materialize and that current economic conditions render such assumptions, although reasonable at the time they were made, subject to greater uncertainty. Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of terminology such as "believes," "expects," "anticipates," "assumes," "outlook," "plans," "targets", or other similar words.

Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause actual results, performance or achievements of CN to be materially different from the outlook or any future results, performance or achievements implied by such statements. Accordingly, readers are advised not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Important risk factors that could affect the forward-looking statements in this news release include, but are not limited to, general economic and business conditions, including factors impacting global supply chains such as pandemics and geopolitical conflicts and tensions; industry competition; inflation, currency and interest rate fluctuations; changes in fuel prices; legislative and/or regulatory developments; compliance with environmental laws and regulations; actions by regulators; increases in maintenance and operating costs; security threats; reliance on technology and related cybersecurity risk; trade restrictions or other changes to international trade arrangements; transportation of hazardous materials; various events which could disrupt operations, including illegal blockades of rail networks, and natural events such as severe weather, droughts, fires, floods and earthquakes; climate change; labor negotiations and disruptions; environmental claims; uncertainties of investigations, proceedings or other types of claims and litigation; risks and liabilities arising from derailments; timing and completion of capital programs; and other risks detailed from time to time in reports filed by CN with securities regulators in Canada and the United States. Reference should also be made to Management’s Discussion and Analysis (MD&A) in CN’s annual and interim reports, Annual Information Form and Form 40-F, filed with Canadian and U.S. securities regulators and available on CN’s website, for a description of major risk factors relating to CN.

Forward-looking statements reflect information as of the date on which they are made. CN assumes no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements to reflect future events, changes in circumstances, or changes in beliefs, unless required by applicable securities laws. In the event CN does update any forward-looking statement, no inference should be made that CN will make additional updates with respect to that statement, related matters, or any other forward-looking statement.

(3) Per 200,000 person hours, based on Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) reporting criteria.

(4) Per million train miles, based on FRA reporting criteria.

2022 key assumptions
CN has made a number of economic and market assumptions in preparing its 2022 outlook. The Company assumes that North American industrial production for the year will increase in the mid single-digit range and assumes U.S. housing starts of approximately 1.6 million units and U.S. motor vehicle sales of approximately 15.5 million units. For the 2021/2022 crop year, the grain crop in Canada was below its three-year average and the U.S. grain crop was in line with its three-year average. The Company assumes that the 2022/2023 grain crop in Canada will be above its three-year average (or in line when excluding the significantly lower 2021/2022 crop year) and that the 2022/2023 U.S. grain crop will be in line with its three-year average. CN assumes total RTMs in 2022 will increase in the low single-digit range versus 2021. CN assumes continued pricing above rail inflation upon contract renewals. CN assumes that in 2022, the value of the Canadian dollar in U.S. currency will be approximately $0.80, and assumes that in 2022 the average price of crude oil (West Texas Intermediate) will be in the range of US$90 - US$100 per barrel. In 2022, CN plans to invest approximately 17% of revenues in its capital program.

This earnings news release, as well as additional information, including the Financial Statements, Notes thereto and MD&A, is contained in CN’s Quarterly Review available on the Company's website at www.cn.ca/financial-results and on SEDAR at www.sedar.com as well as on the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission's website at www.sec.gov through EDGAR.

About CN
CN is a world-class transportation leader and trade-enabler. Essential to the economy, to the customers, and to the communities it serves, CN safely transports more than 300 million tons of natural resources, manufactured products, and finished goods throughout North America every year. As the only railroad connecting Canada’s Eastern and Western coasts with the U.S. South through a 18,600-mile rail network, CN and its affiliates have been contributing to community prosperity and sustainable trade since 1919. CN is committed to programs supporting social responsibility and environmental stewardship.

Contacts:

 

Media

Investment Community

Jonathan Abecassis

Paul Butcher

Senior Manager

Vice-President

Media Relations

Investor Relations

(438) 455-3692

(514) 399-0052

media@cn.ca

investor.relations@cn.ca


Selected Railroad Statistics – unaudited

 

Three months ended June 30

 

Six months ended June 30

 

2022

2021

 

2022

2021

Financial measures

 

 

 

 

 

Key financial performance indicators (1)

 

 

 

 

 

Total revenues ($ millions)

4,344

3,598

 

8,052

7,133

Freight revenues ($ millions)

4,195

3,452

 

7,803

6,875

Operating income ($ millions)

1,769

1,382

 

2,996

2,709

Adjusted operating income ($ millions) (2)(3)

1,781

1,382

 

3,018

2,572

Net income ($ millions) (4)

1,325

1,036

 

2,243

2,012

Adjusted net income ($ millions) (2)(3)(4)

1,334

1,060

 

2,259

1,934

Diluted earnings per share ($) (4)

1.92

1.46

 

3.22

2.83

Adjusted diluted earnings per share ($) (2)(3)(4)

1.93

1.49

 

3.25

2.72

Free cash flow ($ millions) (2)(5)

997

741

 

1,568

1,280

Gross property additions ($ millions)

707

729

 

1,086

1,141

Share repurchases ($ millions)

1,173

123

 

2,466

414

Dividends per share ($)

0.7325

0.6150

 

1.4650

1.2300

Financial ratio

 

 

 

 

 

Operating ratio (%) (6)

59.3

61.6

 

62.8

62.0

Adjusted operating ratio (%) (2)(3)

59.0

61.6

 

62.5

63.9

Operational measures (7)

 

 

 

 

 

Statistical operating data

 

 

 

 

 

Gross ton miles (GTMs) (millions)

120,742

116,735

 

231,808

237,515

Revenue ton miles (RTMs) (millions)

60,551

59,246

 

117,105

120,700

Carloads (thousands)

1,474

1,469

 

2,820

2,900

Route miles (includes Canada and the U.S.)

18,600

19,500

 

18,600

19,500

Employees (end of period)

22,783

24,376

 

22,783

24,376

Employees (average for the period)

23,137

24,410

 

22,928

24,459

Key operating measures

 

 

 

 

 

Freight revenue per RTM (cents)

6.93

5.83

 

6.66

5.70

Freight revenue per carload ($)

2,846

2,350

 

2,767

2,371

GTMs per average number of employees (thousands)

5,219

4,782

 

10,110

9,711

Operating expenses per GTM (cents)

2.13

1.90

 

2.18

1.86

Labor and fringe benefits expense per GTM (cents)

0.56

0.59

 

0.62

0.62

Diesel fuel consumed (US gallons in millions)

101.2

101.4

 

202.3

211.8

Average fuel price ($ per US gallon)

5.82

3.24

 

5.12

3.06

Fuel efficiency (US gallons of locomotive fuel consumed per 1,000 GTMs)

0.838

0.869

 

0.873

0.892

Train weight (tons)

9,512

9,840

 

9,478

9,623

Train length (feet)

8,427

8,749

 

8,320

8,536

Car velocity (car miles per day)

209

205

 

185

195

Through dwell (entire railroad, hours)

7.2

7.7

 

8.1

8.0

Through network train speed (miles per hour)

19.3

19.5

 

18.0

18.8

Locomotive utilization (trailing GTMs per total horsepower)

203

204

 

195

201

Safety indicators (8)

 

 

 

 

 

Injury frequency rate (per 200,000 person hours)

1.39

0.97

 

1.36

1.30

Accident rate (per million train miles)

1.52

1.99

 

2.03

1.68


(1)

Amounts expressed in Canadian dollars and prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), unless otherwise noted.

(2)

These Non-GAAP measures do not have any standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP and therefore, may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies.

(3)

See the supplementary schedule entitled Non-GAAP Measures – Adjusted performance measures for an explanation of these non-GAAP measures.

(4)

In the first quarter of 2022, the Company changed its method of calculating market-related values of pension assets for its defined benefit plans using a retrospective approach. Comparative figures have been restated to conform to the change in methodology. See Note 2 – Change in accounting policy to CN's unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

(5)

See the supplementary schedule entitled Non-GAAP Measures – Free cash flow for an explanation of this non-GAAP measure.

(6)

Operating ratio is defined as operating expenses as a percentage of revenues.

(7)

Statistical operating data, key operating measures and safety indicators are unaudited and based on estimated data available at such time and are subject to change as more complete information becomes available. Definitions of gross ton miles, fuel efficiency, train weight, train length, car velocity, through dwell and through network train speed are included within the Company’s Management’s Discussion and Analysis. Definitions of all other indicators are provided on CN's website, www.cn.ca/glossary.

(8)

Based on Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) reporting criteria.



Supplementary Information – unaudited

 

Three months ended June 30

 

Six months ended June 30

 

2022

2021

% Change
Fav (Unfav)

% Change at
constant
currency
Fav (Unfav) (1)

 

2022

2021

% Change
Fav (Unfav)

% Change at
constant
currency
Fav (Unfav) (1)

Revenues ($ millions) (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Petroleum and chemicals

829

685

21

%

18

%

 

1,585

1,346

18

%

16

%

Metals and minerals

466

377

24

%

20

%

 

872

745

17

%

15

%

Forest products

513

451

14

%

11

%

 

939

880

7

%

5

%

Coal

249

158

58

%

56

%

 

444

284

56

%

55

%

Grain and fertilizers

604

609

(1

%)

(3

%)

 

1,208

1,322

(9

%)

(10

%)

Intermodal

1,326

1,037

28

%

26

%

 

2,382

2,005

19

%

18

%

Automotive

208

135

54

%

50

%

 

373

293

27

%

25

%

Total freight revenues

4,195

3,452

22

%

19

%

 

7,803

6,875

13

%

12

%

Other revenues

149

146

2

%

%

 

249

258

(3

%)

(5

%)

Total revenues

4,344

3,598

21

%

18

%

 

8,052

7,133

13

%

12

%

Revenue ton miles (RTMs) (millions) (3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Petroleum and chemicals

12,330

10,054

23

%

23

%

 

23,889

20,786

15

%

15

%

Metals and minerals

7,149

6,652

7

%

7

%

 

13,412

12,945

4

%

4

%

Forest products

6,650

6,957

(4

%)

(4

%)

 

12,469

13,627

(8

%)

(8

%)

Coal

6,127

4,648

32

%

32

%

 

11,495

8,674

33

%

33

%

Grain and fertilizers

12,453

14,922

(17

%)

(17

%)

 

25,804

32,763

(21

%)

(21

%)

Intermodal

15,070

15,409

(2

%)

(2

%)

 

28,626

30,642

(7

%)

(7

%)

Automotive

772

604

28

%

28

%

 

1,410

1,263

12

%

12

%

Total RTMs

60,551

59,246

2

%

2

%

 

117,105

120,700

(3

%)

(3

%)

Freight revenue / RTM (cents) (2)(3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Petroleum and chemicals

6.72

6.81

(1

%)

(4

%)

 

6.63

6.48

2

%

1

%

Metals and minerals

6.52

5.67

15

%

12

%

 

6.50

5.76

13

%

11

%

Forest products

7.71

6.48

19

%

16

%

 

7.53

6.46

17

%

15

%

Coal

4.06

3.40

19

%

18

%

 

3.86

3.27

18

%

17

%

Grain and fertilizers

4.85

4.08

19

%

16

%

 

4.68

4.04

16

%

15

%

Intermodal

8.80

6.73

31

%

29

%

 

8.32

6.54

27

%

26

%

Automotive

26.94

22.35

21

%

17

%

 

26.45

23.20

14

%

12

%

Total freight revenue / RTM

6.93

5.83

19

%

16

%

 

6.66

5.70

17

%

16

%

Carloads (thousands) (3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Petroleum and chemicals

162

143

13

%

13

%

 

321

293

10

%

10

%

Metals and minerals

236

241

(2

%)

(2

%)

 

445

464

(4

%)

(4

%)

Forest products

86

90

(4

%)

(4

%)

 

164

176

(7

%)

(7

%)

Coal

129

100

29

%

29

%

 

247

169

46

%

46

%

Grain and fertilizers

142

162

(12

%)

(12

%)

 

287

338

(15

%)

(15

%)

Intermodal

664

691

(4

%)

(4

%)

 

1,253

1,367

(8

%)

(8

%)

Automotive

55

42

31

%

31

%

 

103

93

11

%

11

%

Total carloads

1,474

1,469

%

%

 

2,820

2,900

(3

%)

(3

%)

Freight revenue / carload ($) (2)(3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Petroleum and chemicals

5,117

4,790

7

%

4

%

 

4,938

4,594

7

%

6

%

Metals and minerals

1,975

1,564

26

%

23

%

 

1,960

1,606

22

%

20

%

Forest products

5,965

5,011

19

%

16

%

 

5,726

5,000

15

%

13

%

Coal

1,930

1,580

22

%

21

%

 

1,798

1,680

7

%

6

%

Grain and fertilizers

4,254

3,759

13

%

11

%

 

4,209

3,911

8

%

6

%

Intermodal

1,997

1,501

33

%

32

%

 

1,901

1,467

30

%

29

%

Automotive

3,782

3,214

18

%

14

%

 

3,621

3,151

15

%

13

%

Total freight revenue / carload

2,846

2,350

21

%

19

%

 

2,767

2,371

17

%

15

%


(1)

This Non-GAAP measure does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP and therefore, may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. See the supplementary schedule entitled Non-GAAP Measures – Constant currency for an explanation of this non-GAAP measure.

(2)

Amounts expressed in Canadian dollars.

(3)

Statistical operating data and related key operating measures are unaudited and based on estimated data available at such time and are subject to change as more complete information becomes available.


Non-GAAP Measures – unaudited

In this supplementary schedule, the "Company" or "CN" refers to Canadian National Railway Company, together with its wholly-owned subsidiaries. Financial information included in this schedule is expressed in Canadian dollars, unless otherwise noted.
CN reports its financial results in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). The Company also uses non-GAAP measures that do not have any standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP, including adjusted performance measures, constant currency, free cash flow and adjusted debt-to-adjusted EBITDA multiple. These non-GAAP measures may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. From management's perspective, these non-GAAP measures are useful measures of performance and provide investors with supplementary information to assess the Company's results of operations and liquidity. These non-GAAP measures should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP.


Adjusted performance measures

Adjusted net income, adjusted earnings per share, adjusted operating income, adjusted operating expenses and adjusted operating ratio are non-GAAP measures that are used to set performance goals and to measure CN's performance. Management believes that these adjusted performance measures provide additional insight to management and investors into the Company's operations and underlying business trends as well as facilitate period-to-period comparisons, as they exclude certain significant items that are not reflective of CN's underlying business operations and could distort the analysis of trends in business performance. These items may include:

  1. operating expense adjustments: workforce reduction program, depreciation expense on the deployment of replacement system, advisory fees related to shareholder matters, losses and recoveries from assets held for sale, business acquisition-related costs;

  2. non-operating expense adjustments: business acquisition-related financing fees, merger termination income, gains and losses on disposal of property; and

  3. the effect of tax law changes and rate enactments.

These non-GAAP measures do not have any standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP and therefore, may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies.
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company's adjusted net income was $1,334 million, or $1.93 per diluted share, and $2,259 million, or $3.25 per diluted share, respectively. The adjusted figures for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 exclude advisory fees related to shareholder matters of $12 million, or $9 million after-tax ($0.01 per diluted share), and $22 million, or $16 million after-tax ($0.03 per diluted share), respectively, recorded in Casualty and other within the Consolidated Statements of Income.
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company's adjusted net income was $1,060 million, or $1.49 per diluted share, and $1,934 million, or $2.72 per diluted share, respectively. (1) The adjusted figures for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 exclude amortization of bridge financing and other fees of $32 million, or $24 million after-tax ($0.03 per diluted share) recorded in the second quarter, resulting from the Kansas City Southern ("KCS") transaction, recorded in Interest expense within the Consolidated Statements of Income. The adjusted figures for the six months ended June 30, 2021 also exclude the recovery of $137 million, or $102 million after-tax ($0.14 per diluted share) recorded in the first quarter related to the loss on assets held for sale in the second quarter of 2020, to reflect an agreement for the sale of on-going rail operations, certain non-core rail lines in Wisconsin, Michigan and Ontario to a short line operator.

(1)

In the first quarter of 2022, the Company changed its method of calculating market-related values of pension assets for its defined benefit plans using a retrospective approach. Comparative figures have been restated to conform to the change in methodology. See Note 2 – Change in accounting policy to CN's unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

Adjusted net income is defined as Net income in accordance with GAAP adjusted for certain significant items. Adjusted diluted earnings per share is defined as adjusted net income divided by the weighted-average diluted shares outstanding. The following table provides a reconciliation of Net income and Earnings per share in accordance with GAAP, as reported for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, to the non-GAAP adjusted performance measures presented herein:

 

Three months ended June 30

Six months ended June 30

In millions, except per share data

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

Net income (1)

$

1,325

 

$

1,036

 

$

2,243

 

$

2,012

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

Operating expense adjustments:

 

 

 

 

Advisory fees related to shareholder matters

 

12

 

 

 

 

22

 

 

 

Recovery of loss on assets held for sale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(137

)

Non-operating expense adjustments:

 

 

 

 

Amortization of bridge financing and other fees

 

 

 

32

 

 

 

 

32

 

Tax adjustments:

 

 

 

 

Tax effect of adjustments (2)

 

(3

)

 

(8

)

 

(6

)

 

27

 

Total adjustments

 

9

 

 

24

 

 

16

 

 

(78

)

Adjusted net income (1)

$

1,334

 

$

1,060

 

$

2,259

 

$

1,934

 

Diluted earnings per share (1)

$

1.92

 

$

1.46

 

$

3.22

 

$

2.83

 

Impact of adjustments, per share

 

0.01

 

 

0.03

 

 

0.03

 

 

(0.11

)

Adjusted diluted earnings per share (1)

$

1.93

 

$

1.49

 

$

3.25

 

$

2.72

 


(1)

In the first quarter of 2022, the Company changed its method of calculating market-related values of pension assets for its defined benefit plans using a retrospective approach. Comparative figures have been restated to conform to the change in methodology. See Note 2 – Change in accounting policy to CN's unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

(2)

The tax impact of adjustments is based on the nature of the item for tax purposes and related tax rates in the applicable jurisdiction.

 

 

Adjusted operating income is defined as Operating income in accordance with GAAP adjusted for certain significant operating expense items. Adjusted operating expenses is defined as Operating expenses in accordance with GAAP adjusted for certain significant operating expense items. Adjusted operating ratio is defined as adjusted operating expenses as a percentage of revenues. The following table provides a reconciliation of Operating income, Operating expenses and operating ratio, as reported for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, to the non-GAAP adjusted performance measures presented herein:

 

Three months ended June 30

Six months ended June 30

In millions, except percentages

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

Operating income

$

1,769

 

$

1,382

 

$

2,996

 

$

2,709

 

Operating expense adjustments:

 

 

 

 

Advisory fees related to shareholder matters

 

12

 

 

 

 

22

 

 

 

Recovery of loss on assets held for sale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(137

)

Total operating expense adjustments

 

12

 

 

 

 

22

 

 

(137

)

Adjusted operating income

$

1,781

 

$

1,382

 

$

3,018

 

$

2,572

 

Operating expenses

$

2,575

 

$

2,216

 

$

5,056

 

$

4,424

 

Total operating expense adjustments

 

(12

)

 

 

 

(22

)

 

137

 

Adjusted operating expenses

$

2,563

 

$

2,216

 

$

5,034

 

$

4,561

 

Operating ratio

 

59.3

%

 

61.6

%

 

62.8

%

 

62.0

%

Impact of adjustments

 

(0.3

%)

 

%

 

(0.3

%)

 

1.9

%

Adjusted operating ratio

 

59.0

%

 

61.6

%

 

62.5

%

 

63.9

%


Constant currency

Financial results at constant currency allow results to be viewed without the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, thereby facilitating period-to-period comparisons in the analysis of trends in business performance. Measures at constant currency are considered non-GAAP measures and do not have any standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP and therefore, may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. Financial results at constant currency are obtained by translating the current period results denominated in US dollars at the weighted average foreign exchange rates used to translate transactions denominated in US dollars of the comparable period of the prior year.
The average foreign exchange rates were $1.28 and $1.27 per US$1.00 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, and $1.23 and $1.25 per US$1.00 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively.
On a constant currency basis, the Company's Net income would have been lower by $20 million ($0.03 per diluted share) for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2022.
The following table provides a reconciliation of the impact of constant currency and related percentage change at constant currency on the financial results, as reported for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022:

 

Three months ended June 30

Six months ended June 30

In millions, except per share data

 

2022

Constant
currency
impact

 

2021

 

% Change
at constant
currency
Fav (Unfav)

 

2022

Constant
currency
impact

 

2021

 

% Change
at
constant
currency
Fav
(Unfav)

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Petroleum and chemicals

$

829

$

(19

)

$

685

 

18

%

$

1,585

$

(19

)

$

1,346

 

16

%

Metals and minerals

 

466

 

(13

)

 

377

 

20

%

 

872

 

(13

)

 

745

 

15

%

Forest products

 

513

 

(14

)

 

451

 

11

%

 

939

 

(14

)

 

880

 

5

%

Coal

 

249

 

(3

)

 

158

 

56

%

 

444

 

(3

)

 

284

 

55

%

Grain and fertilizers

 

604

 

(13

)

 

609

 

(3

%)

 

1,208

 

(13

)

 

1,322

 

(10

%)

Intermodal

 

1,326

 

(15

)

 

1,037

 

26

%

 

2,382

 

(15

)

 

2,005

 

18

%

Automotive

 

208

 

(6

)

 

135

 

50

%

 

373

 

(6

)

 

293

 

25

%

Total freight revenues

 

4,195

 

(83

)

 

3,452

 

19

%

 

7,803

 

(83

)

 

6,875

 

12

%

Other revenues

 

149

 

(3

)

 

146

 

%

 

249

 

(3

)

 

258

 

(5

%)

Total revenues

 

4,344

 

(86

)

 

3,598

 

18

%

 

8,052

 

(86

)

 

7,133

 

12

%

Operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Labor and fringe benefits

 

681

 

(10

)

 

692

 

3

%

 

1,434

 

(10

)

 

1,477

 

4

%

Purchased services and material

 

557

 

(8

)

 

527

 

(4

%)

 

1,095

 

(8

)

 

1,076

 

(1

%)

Fuel

 

672

 

(23

)

 

380

 

(71

%)

 

1,197

 

(23

)

 

744

 

(58

%)

Depreciation and amortization

 

423

 

(6

)

 

406

 

(3

%)

 

843

 

(6

)

 

810

 

(3

%)

Equipment rents

 

87

 

(3

)

 

83

 

(1

%)

 

182

 

(3

)

 

172

 

(4

%)

Casualty and other

 

155

 

(5

)

 

128

 

(17

%)

 

305

 

(5

)

 

282

 

(6

%)

Recovery of loss on assets held for sale

 

 

 

 

 

%

 

 

 

 

(137

)

(100

%)

Total operating expenses

 

2,575

 

(55

)

 

2,216

 

(14

%)

 

5,056

 

(55

)

 

4,424

 

(13

%)

Operating income

 

1,769

 

(31

)

 

1,382

 

26

%

 

2,996

 

(31

)

 

2,709

 

9

%

Interest expense

 

(128

)

4

 

 

(158

)

22

%

 

(254

)

4

 

 

(288

)

13

%

Other components of net periodic benefit income (1)

 

124

 

 

 

98

 

27

%

 

249

 

 

 

197

 

26

%

Other loss

 

(10

)

 

 

51

 

(120

%)

 

(24

)

 

 

49

 

(149

%)

Income before income taxes (1)

 

1,755

 

(27

)

 

1,373

 

26

%

 

2,967

 

(27

)

 

2,667

 

10

%

Income tax expense (1)

 

(430

)

7

 

 

(337

)

(26

%)

 

(724

7

 

 

(655

)

(9

%)

Net income (1)

$

1,325

$

(20

)

$

1,036

 

26

%

$

2,243

$

(20

)

$

2,012

 

10

%

Diluted earnings per share (1)

$

1.92

$

(0.03

)

$

1.46

 

29

%

$

3.22

$

(0.03

)

$

2.83

 

13

%


(1)

In the first quarter of 2022, the Company changed its method of calculating market-related values of pension assets for its defined benefit plans using a retrospective approach. Comparative figures have been restated to conform to the change in methodology. See Note 2 – Change in accounting policy to CN's unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.


Free cash flow

Free cash flow is a useful measure of liquidity as it demonstrates the Company's ability to generate cash for debt obligations and for discretionary uses such as payment of dividends, share repurchases, and strategic opportunities. The Company defines its free cash flow measure as the difference between net cash provided by operating activities and net cash used in investing activities, adjusted for the impact of (i) business acquisitions and (ii) merger transaction-related payments, cash receipts and cash income taxes, which are items that are not indicative of operating trends. Free cash flow does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP and therefore, may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies.
The following table provides a reconciliation of Net cash provided by operating activities in accordance with GAAP, as reported for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, to the non-GAAP free cash flow presented herein:

 

Three months ended June 30

Six months ended June 30

In millions

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

$

1,713

 

$

1,475

 

$

2,283

 

$

2,427

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(716

)

 

(1,642

)

 

(817

)

 

(2,055

)

Net cash provided before financing activities

 

997

 

 

(167

)

 

1,466

 

 

372

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

Cash income taxes for merger transaction-related payments and cash receipts (1)

 

 

 

 

 

102

 

 

 

Transaction-related costs (2)

 

 

 

63

 

 

 

 

63

 

Advance for acquisition (2)

 

 

 

845

 

 

 

 

845

 

Total adjustments

 

 

 

908

 

 

102

 

 

908

 

Free cash flow

$

997

 

$

741

 

$

1,568

 

$

1,280

 


(1)

Relates to income tax payments of $102 million for KCS merger transaction-related payments and cash receipts. See Note 3 – Acquisitions, Terminated CN KCS merger agreement, to the Company’s 2021 Annual Consolidated Financial Statements and the section entitled Adjusted performance measures to the Company's 2021 Annual MD&A filed on February 1, 2022 which may be found online on SEDAR at www.sedar.com, on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov through EDGAR, and on the Company’s website at www.cn.ca in the Investors section for additional information.

(2)

Relates to an advance to KCS and other transaction costs paid. See Note 4 – Acquisition to the Company's unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.


Adjusted debt-to-adjusted EBITDA multiple

Management believes that the adjusted debt-to-adjusted EBITDA multiple is a useful credit measure because it reflects the Company's ability to service its debt and other long-term obligations. The Company calculates the adjusted debt-to-adjusted EBITDA multiple as adjusted debt divided by the last twelve months of adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted debt is defined as the sum of Long-term debt and Current portion of long-term debt as reported on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets as well as Operating lease liabilities, including current portion and pension plans in deficiency recognized on the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets due to the debt-like nature of their contractual and financial obligations. Adjusted EBITDA is calculated as Net income excluding Interest expense, Income tax expense, Depreciation and amortization, operating lease cost, Other components of net periodic benefit income, Other income (loss), and other significant items that are not reflective of CN's underlying business operations and which could distort the analysis of trends in business performance. Adjusted debt and adjusted EBITDA are non-GAAP measures used to compute the Adjusted debt-to-adjusted EBITDA multiple. These measures do not have any standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP and therefore, may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies.
The following table provides a reconciliation of debt and Net income in accordance with GAAP, reported as at and for the twelve months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, to the adjusted measures presented herein, which have been used to calculate the non-GAAP adjusted debt-to-adjusted EBITDA multiple:

In millions, unless otherwise indicated

As at and for the twelve months ended June 30,

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

Debt

$

14,372

 

$

13,719

 

Adjustments:

 

 

Operating lease liabilities, including current portion (1)

 

419

 

 

379

 

Pension plans in deficiency (2)

 

443

 

 

545

 

Adjusted debt

$

15,234

 

$

14,643

 

Net income (3)

$

5,130

 

$

4,010

 

Interest expense

 

576

 

 

559

 

Income tax expense (3)

 

1,512

 

 

1,308

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

1,631

 

 

1,603

 

Operating lease cost (4)

 

135

 

 

135

 

Other components of net periodic benefit income (3)

 

(459

)

 

(343

)

Other loss (income)

 

30

 

 

(48

)

Adjustments:

 

 

Workforce reduction program (5)

 

 

39

 

 

 

Advisory fees related to shareholder matters (6)

 

 

42

 

 

 

Recovery of loss on assets held for sale (7)

 

 

 

(137

)

Transaction-related costs (8)

 

 

84

 

 

 

Merger termination fee (9)

 

(886

)

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

$

7,834

 

$

7,087

 

Adjusted debt-to-adjusted EBITDA multiple(times)

 

1.94

 

 

2.07

 


(1)

Represents the present value of operating lease payments.

(2)

Represents the total funded deficit of all defined benefit pension plans with a projected benefit obligation in excess of plan assets.

(3)

In the first quarter of 2022, the Company changed its method of calculating market-related values of pension assets for its defined benefit plans using a retrospective approach. Comparative figures have been restated to conform to the change in methodology. See Note 2 – Change in accounting policy to CN's unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

(4)

Represents the operating lease costs recorded in Purchased services and material and Equipment rents within the Consolidated Statements of Income.

(5)

Relates to employee termination benefits and severance costs related to a workforce reduction program, recorded in Labor and fringe benefits within the Consolidated Statements of Income.

(6)

Relates to advisory fees related to shareholder matters recorded in Casualty and other within the Consolidated Statements of Income.

(7)

Relates to the recovery of $137 million of the $486 million loss on assets held for sale recorded in the second quarter of 2020, resulting from the Company entering into an agreement for the sale of non-core lines. See Note 6 – Assets held for sale to the Company's unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.

(8)

Relates to transaction costs incurred as a result of the terminated CN Merger Agreement of $84 million, consisting of $125 million of transaction-related costs, partially offset by $41 million of income generated as a result of the applicable foreign exchange rates prevailing at the time of payment and related receipt of the US$700 million advance to KCS. See Note 4 –Acquisitions to the Company's unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.

(9)

Relates to the termination fee resulting from KCS terminating the CN Merger Agreement and entering into a merger agreement with CP. See Note 4 –Acquisitions to the Company's unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.