U.S. Markets closed

Cogent Communications Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2018 Results and Increases Regular Quarterly Dividend on Common Stock

WASHINGTON, Feb. 21, 2019 /PRNewswire/ --

Cogent Communications Logo. (PRNewsFoto/Cogent Communications) (PRNewsfoto/Cogent Communications Holdings,)

Financial and Business Highlights

  • Cogent approves a 3.6% increase of $0.02 per share to its regular quarterly dividend to $0.58 per share  - the twenty-sixth consecutive quarterly dividend increase
  • Dividends for 2018 totaled $97.9 million, or $2.12 per share, with 55.0% treated as a return of capital and 45.0% treated as dividends for US federal income tax purposes
  • Service revenue, on a constant currency basis, increased by 1.8% from Q3 2018 to Q4 2018, increased from Q4 2017 to Q4 2018 by 6.2% and increased from full year 2017 to full year 2018 by 6.4% to $520.2 million
  • EBITDA margin increased by 150 basis points from Q4 2017 to 36.0% and increased from full year 2017 to full year 2018 by 230 basis points to 35.5%
  • GAAP gross profit increased by 6.7% from Q4 2017 to $55.4 million for Q4 2018 and increased by 9.7% from full year 2017 to $219.4 million for full year 2018
  • Cash flow from operations increased by 28.3% from Q3 2018 to Q4 2018 to $40.7 million, increased from Q4 2017 to Q4 2018 by 29.9% and increased by 19.9% to $133.9 million from full year 2017 to full year 2018

Cogent Communications Holdings, Inc. (CCOI) today announced service revenue of $132.0 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018, an increase of 5.4% from the three months ended December 31, 2017 and an increase of 1.5% from the three months ended September 30, 2018. Service revenue was $520.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2018, an increase of 7.2% from the year ended December 31, 2017.   Foreign exchange negatively impacted service revenue growth from the three months ended September 30, 2018 to the three months ended December 31, 2018 by $0.5 million, negatively impacted service revenue growth from the three months ended December 31, 2017 to the three months ended December 31, 2018 by $0.9 million and positively impacted service revenue growth from the year ended December 31, 2017 to the year ended December 31, 2018 by $4.0 million.  On a constant currency basis, service revenue grew by 1.8% from the three months ended September 30, 2018 to the three months ended December 31, 2018, grew by 6.2% from the three months ended December 31, 2017 to the three months ended December 31, 2018 and grew by 6.4% from the year ended December 31, 2017 to the year ended December 31, 2018.

On-net service is provided to customers located in buildings that are physically connected to Cogent's network by Cogent facilities. On-net revenue was $95.4 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018; an increase of 1.7% from the three months ended September 30, 2018 and an increase of 6.7% over the three months ended December 31, 2017. On-net revenue was $374.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2018; an increase of 8.1% over the year ended December 31, 2017.

Off-net customers are located in buildings directly connected to Cogent's network using other carriers' facilities and services to provide the last mile portion of the link from the customers' premises to Cogent's network. Off-net revenue was $36.6 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018; an increase of 1.0% over the three months ended September 30, 2018 and an increase of 2.5% over the three months ended December 31, 2017. Off-net revenue was $145.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2018; an increase of 5.2% over the year ended December 31, 2017.

GAAP gross profit is defined as total service revenue less network operations expense, depreciation and amortization and equity based compensation included in network operations expense.  GAAP gross margin is defined as GAAP gross profit divided by total service revenue. GAAP gross profit increased by 6.7% from the three months ended December 31, 2017 to $55.4 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and increased by 0.3% from the three months ended September 30, 2018. GAAP gross profit increased by 9.7% from the year ended December 31, 2017 to $219.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. GAAP gross margin was 42.0% for the three months ended December 31, 2018, 41.5% for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 42.5% for the three months ended September 30, 2018.  GAAP gross margin was 42.2% for the year ended December 31, 2018, and 41.2% for the year ended December 31, 2017.  Excise taxes, including Universal Service Fund fees, recorded on a gross basis and included in service revenue and cost of network operations expense were $3.2 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018, $3.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018, $2.9 million for the three months ended December 31, 2017, $10.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2017 and $12.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. 

Non-GAAP gross profit represents service revenue less network operations expense, excluding equity-based compensation and amounts shown separately (depreciation and amortization expense). Non-GAAP gross margin is defined as non-GAAP gross profit divided by total service revenue.  Non-GAAP gross profit increased by 7.2% from the three months ended December 31, 2017 to $76.6 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and increased by 1.1% from the three months ended September 30, 2018. Non-GAAP gross profit increased by 9.1% from the year ended December 31, 2017 to $301.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. Non-GAAP gross profit margin was 58.0% for the three months ended December 31, 2018, 57.1% for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 58.2% for the three months ended September 30, 2018.  Non-GAAP gross margin was 58.0% for the year ended December 31, 2018, and 57.0% for the year ended December 31, 2017. 

Cash flow from operating activities increased by 29.9% from the three months ended December 31, 2017 to $40.7 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and increased by 28.3% from the three months ended September 30, 2018. Cash flow from operating activities increased by 19.9% from the year ended December 31, 2017 to $133.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2018.

Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) increased by 10.0% from the three months ended December 31, 2017 to $47.6 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and increased by 1.4% from the three months ended September 30, 2018. Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) increased by 14.4% from the year ended December 31, 2017 to $184.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. EBITDA margin was 36.0% for the three months ended December 31, 2018, 34.5% for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 36.1% for the three months ended September 30, 2018.  EBITDA margin was 35.5% for the year ended December 31, 2018 and 33.2% for the year ended December 31, 2017.

EBITDA, as adjusted, increased by 9.4% from the three months ended December 31, 2017 to $47.7 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and increased by 0.7% from the three months ended September 30, 2018. EBITDA, as adjusted, increased by 12.3% from the year ended December 31, 2017 to $185.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. EBITDA, as adjusted, margin was 36.1% for the three months ended December 31, 2018, 34.8% for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 36.4% for the three months ended September 30, 2018. EBITDA, as adjusted, margin was 35.7% for the year ended December 31, 2018 and was 34.0% for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Basic and diluted net (loss) income per share was $0.16 for the three months ended December 31, 2018, $(0.14) for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and $0.18 for the three months ended September 30, 2018. Basic and diluted net income per share was $0.63 for the year ended December 31, 2018 and $0.13 for the year ended December 31, 2017. The signing of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in December 2017 that amended the Internal Revenue Code and reduced the corporate tax rate from a maximum of 35% to a flat 21% rate increased Cogent's non-cash deferred income tax expense by approximately $11.3 million in the three months and year ended December 31, 2017.  This represented a (loss) of $(0.25) per basic and diluted share for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and a (loss) of $(0.25) per basic and diluted share for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Total customer connections increased by 11.9% from December 31, 2017 to 80,106 as of December 31, 2018 and increased by 2.2% from September 30, 2018. On-net customer connections increased by 12.1% from December 31, 2017 to 68,770 as of December 31, 2018 and increased by 2.1% from September 30, 2018. Off-net customer connections increased by 10.3% from December 31, 2017 to 10,974 as of December 31, 2018 and increased by 2.6% from September 30, 2018. 

The number of on-net buildings increased by 170 on-net buildings from December 31, 2017 to 2,676 on-net buildings as of December 31, 2018 and increased by 41 on-net buildings from September 30, 2018.

Quarterly Dividend Increase Approved
On February 20, 2019, Cogent's board approved a regular quarterly dividend of $0.58 per common share payable on March 29, 2019 to shareholders of record on March 8, 2019. This first quarter 2019 regular dividend represents a 3.6% increase of $0.02 per share from the fourth quarter 2018 regular dividend of $0.56 per share. 

The payment of any future dividends and any other returns of capital will be at the discretion of Cogent's board of directors and may be reduced, eliminated or increased and will be dependent upon Cogent's financial position, results of operations, available cash, cash flow, capital requirements, limitations under Cogent's debt indenture agreements and other factors deemed relevant by Cogent's board of directors.

Tax Treatment of 2018 Dividends
Cogent paid four quarterly dividends in 2018 totaling $97.9 million, or $2.12 per share. The expected tax treatment of these dividends are generally that 55.0% are treated as a return of capital and 45.0% are generally treated as dividends for United States federal income tax purposes. While the above information includes general statements about the tax classification of dividends paid on Cogent common stock, these statements do not constitute tax advice. The taxation of corporate distributions can be complex, and stockholders are encouraged to consult their tax advisers to determine what impact the above information may have on their specific tax situation.

Conference Call and Website Information
Cogent will host a conference call with financial analysts at 8:30 a.m. (ET) on February 21, 2019 to discuss Cogent's operating results for the fourth quarter of 2018 and full year 2018 and to discuss Cogent's expectations for full year 2019. Investors and other interested parties may access a live audio webcast of the earnings call in the "Events" section of Cogent's website at www.cogentco.com/events. A replay of the webcast, together with the press release, will be available on the website following the earnings call. 

About Cogent Communications
Cogent Communications (CCOI) is a multinational, Tier 1 facilities-based ISP.  Cogent specializes in providing businesses with high speed Internet access, Ethernet transport, and colocation services. Cogent's facilities-based, all-optical IP network backbone provides services in over 200 markets globally.

Cogent Communications is headquartered at 2450 N Street, NW, Washington, D.C. 20037. For more information, visit www.cogentco.com. Cogent Communications can be reached in the United States at (202) 295-4200 or via email at info@cogentco.com.

 

COGENT COMMUNICATIONS HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARIES

Summary of Financial and Operational Results


Q1 2017

Q2 2017

Q3 2017

Q4 2017

Q1 2018

Q2 2018

Q3 2018

Q4 2018

Metric ($ in 000's, except
share and per share data) –
unaudited









On-Net revenue

$83,586

$85,586

$87,898

$89,374

$92,387

$93,026

$93,790

$95,351

  % Change from previous Qtr.

0.1%

2.4%

2.7%

1.7%

3.4%

0.7%

0.8%

1.7%

Off-Net revenue

$33,386

$33,980

$34,865

$35,662

$36,144

$36,107

$36,202

$36,551

  % Change from previous Qtr.

4.8%

1.8%

2.6%

2.3%

1.4%

-0.1%

0.3%

1.0%

Non-Core revenue (1)

$231

$211

$206

$190

$175

$163

$147

$147

  % Change from previous Qtr.

3.1%

-8.7%

-2.4%

-7.8%

-7.9%

-6.9%

-9.8%

-%

Service revenue – total

$117,203

$119,777

$122,969

$125,226

$128,706

$129,296

$130,139

$132,049

  % Change from previous Qtr.

1.4%

2.2%

2.7%

1.8%

2.8%

0.5%

0.7%

1.5%

Constant currency total revenue quarterly growth rate – sequential quarters (4)

1.6%

1.7%

1.2%

1.8%

2.0%

1.1%

1.1%

1.8%

Constant currency total revenue quarterly growth rate – year over year quarters (4)

8.7%

9.6%

7.7%

6.6%

7.0%

6.3%

6.2%

6.2%

Network operations expenses (2) 

$50,551

$50,974

$53,405

$53,745

$54,686

$54,147

$54,365

$55,436

  % Change from previous Qtr.

1.2%

0.8%

4.8%

0.6%

1.8%

-1.0%

0.4%

2.0%

GAAP gross profit (3)

$48,003

$49,765

$50,238

$51,964

$54,043

$54,701

$55,248

$55,437

  % Change from previous Qtr.

5.7%

3.7%

1.0%

3.4%

4.0%

1.2%

1.0%

0.3%

GAAP gross margin (3)

41.0%

41.5%

40.9%

41.5%

42.0%

42.3%

42.5%

42.0%

Non-GAAP gross profit (4) (6)

$66,652

$68,803

$69,564

$71,481

$74,020

$75,149

$75,774

$76,613

  % Change from previous Qtr.

1.5%

3.2%

1.1%

2.8%

3.6%

1.5%

0.8%

1.1%

Non-GAAP gross margin (4) (6)

56.9%

57.4%

56.6%

57.1%

57.5%

58.1%

58.2%

58.0%

Selling, general and administrative expenses (5)

$28,925

$28,704

$29,360

$28,238

$29,928

$29,241

$28,838

$29,034

  % Change from previous Qtr.

1.2%

-0.8%

2.3%

-3.8%

6.0%

-2.3%

-1.4%

0.7%

Depreciation and amortization expense

$18,538

$18,897

$19,147

$19,344

$19,788

$20,216

$20,276

$20,952

  % Change from previous Qtr.

-7.6%

1.9%

1.3%

1.0%

2.3%

2.2%

0.3%

3.3%

Equity-based compensation expense

$2,647

$3,225

$3,734

$3,684

$3,784

$4,695

$4,821

$4,408

  % Change from previous Qtr.

-8.0%

21.8%

15.8%

-1.3%

2.7%

24.1%

2.7%

-8.6%

Operating income

$18,666

$19,000

$17,891

$20,534

$20,637

$21,354

$22,255

$22,311

  % Change from previous Qtr.

26.2%

1.8%

-5.8%

14.8%

0.5%

3.5%

4.2%

0.3%

Interest expense

$11,891

$12,090

$12,266

$12,222

$12,408

$12,373

$12,767

$13,508

  % Change from previous Qtr.

12.2%

1.7%

1.5%

-0.4%

1.5%

-0.3%

3.2%

5.8%

Net income (loss)

$4,136

$4,317

$3,650

$(6,227)

$6,784

$6,552

$8,231

$7,100

Basic net income (loss) per common share

$0.09

$0.10

$0.08

$(0.14)

$0.15

$0.15

$0.18

$0.16

Diluted net income (loss) per common share

$0.09

$0.10

$0.08

$(0.14)

$0.15

$0.14

$0.18

$0.16

Weighted average common shares – basic

44,649,645

44,717,372

44,767,163

44,844,469

44,923,973

45,016,767

45,105,830

45,284,481

  % Change from previous Qtr.

0.2%

0.2%

0.1%

0.2%

0.2%

0.2%

0.2%

0.4%

Weighted average common shares – diluted

44,917,014

44,988,655

45,118,607

44,844,469

45,294,697

45,536,473

45,699,635

45,803,418

  % Change from previous Qtr.

0.3%

0.2%

0.3%

-0.6%

1.0%

0.5%

0.4%

0.2%

EBITDA (6)

$37,727

$40,099

$40,204

$43,243

$44,092

$45,908

$46,936

$47,579

  % Change from previous Qtr.

1.8%

6.3%

0.3%

7.6%

2.0%

4.1%

2.2%

1.4%

EBITDA margin

32.2%

33.5%

32.7%

34.5%

34.3%

35.5%

36.1%

36.0%

Gains on asset related transactions

$2,124

$1,023

$397

$319

$117

$357

$416

$92

EBITDA, as adjusted (6)

$39,851

$41,122

$40,601

$43,562

$44,209

$46,265

$47,352

$47,671

  % Change from previous Qtr.

5.6%

3.2%

-1.3%

7.3%

1.5%

4.7%

2.3%

0.7%

EBITDA, as adjusted, margin

34.0%

34.3%

33.0%

34.8%

34.3%

35.8%

36.4%

36.1%

 Fees – net neutrality

$2

$188

$824

$260

$14

$39

$108

$16

Net cash provided by operating activities

$23,514

$28,045

$28,783

$31,360

$30,179

$31,271

$31,745

$40,726

  % Change from previous Qtr.

-30.6%

19.3%

2.6%

9.0%

-3.8%

3.6%

1.5%

28.3%

Capital expenditures

$12,249

$12,007

$10,927

$10,618

$14,905

$11,988

$12,107

$10,937

  % Change from previous Qtr.

70.2%

-2.0%

-9.0%

-2.8%

40.4%

-19.6%

1.0%

-9.7%

Principal payments on capital leases

$3,854

$2,194

$3,320

$1,833

$2,304

$3,755

$2,099

$2,128

  % Change from previous Qtr.

37.3%

-43.1%

51.3%

-44.8%

25.7%

63.0%

-44.1%

1.4%

Dividends paid

$18,999

$19,946

$20,879

$21,833

$22,819

$23,788

$24,764

$26,516

Purchases of common stock

$ -

$ 1,829

$ -

$ -

$ -

$ -

$ -

$ 6,564

Gross Leverage Ratio

4.64

4.62

4.57

4.44

4.33

4.22

4.46

4.36

Net Leverage Ratio

2.94

2.98

3.00

2.94

2.94

2.93

2.89

2.87

Customer Connections – end of period









On-Net

54,805

57,307

59,357

61,334

63,366

65,407

67,370

68,770

  % Change from previous Qtr.

3.7%

4.6%

3.6%

3.3%

3.3%

3.2%

3.0%

2.1%

Off-Net

9,055

9,355

9,724

9,953

10,241

10,480

10,698

10,974

  % Change from previous Qtr.

5.3%

3.1%

4.2%

2.4%

2.9%

2.3%

2.1%

2.6%

Non-Core (1)

383

340

336

326

307

306

307

362

  % Change from previous Qtr.

9.4%

-11.2%

-1.2%

-3.0%

-5.8%

-0.3%

0.3%

17.9%

Total customer connections

64,243

66,982

69,417

71,613

73,194

76,193

78,375

80,106

  %1 Change from previous Qtr.

3.9%

4.3%

3.6%

3.2%

3.2%

3.1%

2.9%

2.2%

On-Net Buildings – end of period









Multi-Tenant office buildings

1,601

1,618

1,635

1,653

1,672

1,710

1,720

1,735

Carrier neutral data center buildings

752

767

784

800

816

837

863

889

Cogent data centers

53

53

53

53

53

52

52

52

Total on-net buildings

2,406

2,438

2,472

2,506

2,541

2,599

2,635

2,676

Square feet – multi-tenant office buildings – on-net

864,432,176

872,293,092

881,184,145

893,580,297

911,283,287

927,410,239

934,535,144

944,232,756

Network  – end of period









Intercity route miles

57,213

57,403

57,403

57,403

57,403

57,403

57,403

57,426

Metro fiber miles

30,190

30,516

31,071

31,254

31,850

31,953

32,579

32,946

Connected networks – AS's

5,949

5,983

6,076

6,152

6,247

6,363

6,510

6,588

Headcount – end of period









Sales force – quota bearing

432

434

444

455

432

438

453

487

Sales force - total

554

559

565

574

555

566

583

619

Total employees

900

909

919

929

908

917

938

974

Sales rep productivity – units per full time equivalent sales rep ("FTE") per month

6.1

6.5

5.7

5.8

5.7

5.7

5.8

5.7

FTE – sales reps

416

410

420

429

427

413

418

436

(1)

Consists of legacy services of companies whose assets or businesses were acquired by Cogent, primarily including voice services (only provided in Toronto, Canada).

(2)

Network operations expense excludes equity-based compensation expense of $111, $141, $179, $173, $189, $232, $250 and $224 in the three month periods ended March 31, 2017 through December 31, 2018, respectively.  Network operations expense includes excise taxes, including Universal Service Fund fees of $2,604, $2,672, $2,691, $2,943, $3,157, $3,108, $3,010 and $3,234 in the three month periods ended March 31, 2017 through December 31, 2018, respectively. 

(3)

GAAP gross profit is defined as total service revenue less network operations expense, depreciation and amortization and equity based compensation included in network operations expense.  GAAP gross margin is defined as GAAP gross profit divided by total service revenue.

(4)

Non-GAAP gross profit represents service revenue less network operations expense, excluding equity-based compensation and amounts shown separately (depreciation expense). Non-GAAP gross margin is defined as non-GAAP gross profit divided by total service revenue.  Management believes that Non-GAAP gross profit and Non-GAAP gross profit margin are relevant metrics to provide investors, as they are metrics that management uses to measure the margin available to the company after network service costs, in essence a measure of the efficiency of the Company's network.

(5)

Excludes equity-based compensation expense of $2,536, $3,084, $3,555, $3,511, $3,595, $4,463, $4,571 and $4,184 in the three month periods ended March 31, 2017 through December 31, 2018, respectively. 

(6)

See schedule of non-GAAP metrics below for definitions and reconciliations to GAAP measures below.

 


Schedules of Non-GAAP Measures 
EBITDA and EBITDA, as adjusted
EBITDA represents net cash flows from operating activities plus changes in operating assets and liabilities, cash interest expense and cash income tax expense.  Management believes the most directly comparable measure to EBITDA calculated in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or GAAP, is cash flows provided by operating activities. The Company also believes that EBITDA is a measure frequently used by securities analysts, investors, and other interested parties in their evaluation of issuers.  EBITDA, as adjusted, represents EBITDA plus net gains (losses) on asset related transactions.

The Company believes that EBITDA, and EBITDA, as adjusted, are useful measures of its ability to service debt, fund capital expenditures and expand its business.  EBITDA, and EBITDA, as adjusted are an integral part of the internal reporting and planning system used by management as a supplement to GAAP financial information. EBITDA, and EBITDA, as adjusted are not recognized terms under GAAP and accordingly, should not be viewed in isolation or as a substitute for the analysis of results as reported under GAAP, but rather as a supplemental measure to GAAP. For example, these metrics are not intended to reflect the Company's free cash flow, as it does not consider certain current or future cash requirements, such as capital expenditures, contractual commitments, and changes in working capital needs, interest expenses and debt service requirements. The Company's calculations of these metrics may also differ from the calculations performed by its competitors and other companies and as such, its utility as a comparative measure is limited.

EBITDA, and EBITDA, as adjusted, are reconciled to cash flows provided by operating activities in the table below.


Q1

2017

Q2

2017

Q3

2017

Q4

2017

Year
2017

Q1
2018

Q2
2018

Q3
2018

Q4
2018

Year
2018

($ in 000's) – unaudited











Net cash flows provided by operating activities

$23,514

$28,045

$28,783

$31,360

$111,702

$30,179

$31,271

$31,745

$40,726

$133,921

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

3,192

950

721

300

5,270

2,919

2,408

4,254

(4,361)

5,355

Cash interest expense and income tax expense

11,021

11,104

10,700

11,583

44,300

10,994

12,229

10,937

11,214

45,241

EBITDA

$37,727

$40,099

$40,204

$43,243

$161,272

$44,092

$45,908

$46,936

$47,579

$184,517

PLUS: Gains on asset related transactions

2,124

1,023

397

319

3,862

117

357

416

92

982

EBITDA, as adjusted

$39,851

$41,122

$40,601

$43,562

$165,134

$44,209

$46,265

$47,352

$47,671

$185,499

EBITDA margin

32.2%

33.5%

32.7%

34.5%

33.2%

34.3%

35.5%

36.1%

36.0%

35.5%

EBITDA, as adjusted, margin

34.0%

34.3%

33.0%

34.8%

34.0%

34.3%

35.8%

36.4%

36.1%

35.7%

 

Constant currency revenue is reconciled to service revenue as reported in the tables below.

Constant currency impact on revenue changes – sequential periods

($ in 000's) – unaudited

Q1

2017

Q2

2017

Q3

2017

Q4

2017

Year

2017

Q1

2018

Q2

2018

Q3

2018

Q4

2018

Year

2018

Service revenue, as reported – current period

$117,203

$119,777

$122,969

$125,226

$485,175

$128,706

$129,296

$130,139

$132,049

$520,193

Impact of foreign currencies on service revenue

195

(531)

(1,701)

16

(1,905)

(981)

802

613

465

(4,021)

Service revenue - as adjusted  for currency impact (1)

$117,398

$119,246

$121,268

$125,242

$483,270

$127,725

$130,098

$130,752

$132,514

$516,172

Service revenue, as reported – prior sequential period

$115,596

$117,203

$119,777

$122,969

$446,900

$125,226

$128,706

$129,296

$130,139

$485,175

Constant currency increase

$1,802

$2,043

$1,491

$2,273

$36,370

$2,499

$1,392

$1,456

$2,375

$30,997

Constant currency percent increase

1.6%

1.7%

1.2%

1.8%

8.1%

2.0%

1.1%

1.1%

1.8%

6.4%

(1)

Service revenue, as adjusted for currency impact, is determined by translating the service revenue for the current period at the average foreign currency exchange rates for the prior sequential period. The Company believes that disclosing quarterly sequential revenue growth without the impact of foreign currencies on service revenue is a useful measure of sequential revenue growth. Service revenue, as adjusted for currency impact, is an integral part of the internal reporting and planning system used by management as a supplement to GAAP financial information.

 

Constant currency impact on revenue changes – prior year periods

($ in 000's) – unaudited

Q1

2017

Q2

2017

Q3

2017

Q4

2017

Year

2017

Q1

2018

Q2

2018

Q3

2018

Q4

2018

Year

2018

Service revenue, as reported – current period

$117,203

$119,777

$122,969

$125,226

$485,175

$128,706

$129,296

$130,139

$132,049

$520,193

Impact of foreign currencies on service revenue

503

743

(1,257)

(2,055)

(1,905)

(3,280)

(1,937)

445

896

(4,021)

Service revenue - as adjusted for currency impact  (2)

$117,706

$120,520

$121,712

$123,171

$483,270

$125,426

$127,359

$130,584

$132,945

$516,172

Service revenue, as reported – prior year period

$108,291

$109,955

$113,057

$115,596

$446,900

$117,203

$119,777

$122,969

$125,226

$485,175

Constant currency increase

$9,415

$10,565

$8,655

$7,575

$36,370

$8,223

$7,582

$7,615

$7,719

$30,997

Percent increase

8.7%

9.6%

7.7%

6.6%

8.1%

7.0%

6.3%

6.2%

6.2%

6.4%

(2)

Service revenue, as adjusted for currency impact, is determined by translating the service revenue for the current period at the average foreign currency exchange rates for the comparable prior year period. The Company believes that disclosing year over year revenue growth without the impact of foreign currencies on service revenue is a useful measure of revenue growth. Service revenue, as adjusted for currency impact, is an integral part of the internal reporting and planning system used by management as a supplement to GAAP financial information.

 

Non-GAAP gross profit and Non-GAAP gross margin

Non-GAAP gross profit and Non-GAAP gross margin are reconciled to GAAP gross profit and GAAP gross margin in the table below.


Q1 2017

Q2 2017

Q3 2017

Q4 2017

Year
2017

Q1 2018

Q2 2018

Q3 2018

Q4 2018

Year
2018

($ in 000's) – unaudited











Service revenue total

$117,203

$119,777

$122,969

$125,226

$485,175

$128,706

$129,296

$130,139

$132,049

$520,190

Minus - Network
operations expense
including equity-
based compensation
and including
depreciation and
amortization expense

69,200

70,012

72,731

73,262

285,205

74,663

74,595

74,891

76,612

300,761

GAAP Gross Profit (1)

$48,003

$49,765

$50,238

$51,964

$199,970

$54,043

$54,701

$55,248

$55,437

$219,429

Plus  - Equity-based compensation – network operations expense

111

141

179

173

604

189

232

250

224

895

Plus – Depreciation and amortization expense

18,538

18,897

19,147

19,344

75,926

19,788

20,216

20,276

20,952

81,232

Non-GAAP Gross Profit (2)

$66,652

$68,803

$69,564

$71,481

$276,500

$74,020

$75,149

$75,774

$76,613

$301,556

GAAP Gross Margin (1)

41.0%

41.5%

40.9%

41.5%

41.2%

42.0%

42.3%

42.5%

42.0%

42.2%

Non-GAAP Gross Margin (2)

56.9%

57.4%

56.6%

57.1%

57.0%

57.5%

58.1%

58.2%

58.0%

58.0%

(1)

GAAP gross profit is defined as total service revenue less network operations expense, depreciation and amortization and equity based compensation included in network operations expense.  GAAP gross margin is defined as GAAP gross profit divided by total service revenue.

(2)

Non-GAAP gross profit represents service revenue less network operations expense, excluding equity-based compensation and amounts shown separately (depreciation and amortization expense). Non-GAAP gross margin is defined as non-GAAP gross profit divided by total service revenue.  Management believes that non-GAAP gross profit and non-GAAP gross margin are relevant metrics to provide to investors, as they are metrics that management uses to measure the margin and amount available to the Company after network service costs, in essence these are measures of the efficiency of the Company's network.

Gross and Net Leverage Ratios

Gross leverage ratio is defined as total debt divided by the trailing last 12 months EBITDA, as adjusted.  Net leverage ratio is defined as total net debt (total debt minus cash and cash equivalents) divided by the trailing last 12 months EBITDA, as adjusted.  Cogent's gross leverage ratio and net leverage ratio are shown below.

($ in 000's) – unaudited

As of September 30, 2018

As of December 31, 2018

Cash and cash equivalents

$284,558

$276,093

Debt



Capital leases – current portion

8,665

7,074

Capital leases – long term

152,954

156,706

Senior unsecured notes

189,225

189,225

Senior secured notes

445,000

445,000

Note payable

12,468

11,239

Total debt

808,312

809,244

Total net debt

523,754

533,151

Trailing 12 months EBITDA, as adjusted

181,388

185,499

Gross leverage ratio

4.46

4.36

Net leverage ratio

2.89

2.87

Cogent's SEC filings are available online via the Investor Relations section of www.cogentco.com or on the Securities and Exchange Commission's website at www.sec.gov.

 

COGENT COMMUNICATIONS HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE AND PER SHARE DATA)








2018


2017








Assets






Current assets:






Cash and cash equivalents


$

276,093


$

247,011


Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,263 and 
     $1,499, respectively


41,709


39,096


Prepaid expenses and other current assets


32,535


20,011


Total current assets


350,337


306,118


Property and equipment:






Property and equipment


1,300,503


1,233,756


Accumulated depreciation and amortization


(925,178)


(852,474)


Total property and equipment, net


375,325


381,282


Deferred tax assets


2,733


17,616


Deposits and other assets


11,455


5,572


Total assets


$

739,850


$

710,588








Liabilities and stockholders' equity






Current liabilities:






Accounts payable


$

8,519


$

11,592


Accrued and other current liabilities


51,431


47,947


Installment payment agreement, current portion, net of discount of $395 and 
     $337, respectively


8,283


7,816


Capital lease obligations, current maturities


7,074


7,171


Total current liabilities


75,307


74,526


Senior secured 2022 notes, net of unamortized debt costs of $2,695 and 
     $1,870, respectively and including premium of $1,405 and $382, 
     respectively


443,710


373,512


Senior unsecured 2021 notes, net of unamortized debt costs of $1,476 and 
     $2,060, respectively


187,749


187,165


Capital lease obligations, net of current maturities


156,706


150,333


Other long term liabilities


25,380


27,596


Total liabilities


888,852


813,132


Commitments and contingencies






Stockholders' equity:






Common stock, $0.001 par value; 75,000,000 shares authorized; 46,336,499 
     and 45,960,799 shares issued and outstanding, respectively


46


46


Additional paid‑in capital


471,331


456,696


Accumulated other comprehensive income


(10,928)


(4,600)


Accumulated deficit


(609,451)


(554,686)


Total stockholders' deficit


(149,002)


(102,544)


Total liabilities and stockholders' equity


$

739,850


$

710,588


 

 

COGENT COMMUNICATIONS HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND DECEMBER 31, 2017

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE AND PER SHARE DATA)








Three Months
Ended 
December 31, 2018


Three Months
Ended 
December 31, 2017








Service revenue


$

132,049


$

125,226


Operating expenses:






Network operations (including $224 and $173 of equity‑based compensation 
     expense, respectively), exclusive of amounts shown separately


55,660


53,918


Selling, general, and administrative (including $4,184 and $3,511 of 
     equity‑based compensation expense, respectively)


33,218


31,749


Depreciation and amortization


20,952


19,344


Total operating expenses


109,830


105,011


Gains on equipment transactions


92


319


Operating income


22,311


20,534


Interest income and other


2,060


166


Interest expense


(13,508)


(12,222)


Income before income taxes


10,863


8,478


Income tax expense


(3,763)


(14,705)


Net income (loss)


$

7,100


$

(6,227)








Comprehensive income (loss):






Net income (loss)


$

7,100


$

(6,227)


Foreign currency translation adjustment


(2,256)


1,312


Comprehensive income (loss)


$

4,844


$

(4,915)








Basic net income (loss) per common share


$

0.16


$

(0.14)


Diluted net income (loss) per common share


$

0.16


$

(0.14)








Dividends declared per common share


$

0.56


$

0.48








Weighted‑average common shares—basic


45,284,481


44,844,469








Weighted‑average common shares—diluted


45,803,418


44,844,469


 

 

COGENT COMMUNICATIONS HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

FOR EACH OF THE TWO YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE AND PER SHARE DATA)








2018


2017








Service revenue


$

520,193


$

485,175


Operating expenses:






Network operations (including $895 and $604 of equity‑based compensation 
     expense, respectively), exclusive of amounts shown separately


219,526


209,278


Selling, general, and administrative (including $16,813, and $12,686 of 
     equity‑based compensation expense, respectively)


133,858


127,915


Depreciation and amortization


81,233


75,926


Total operating expenses


434,617


413,119


Gains on equipment transactions


982


3,862


Operating income


86,558


75,918


Interest income and other


5,880


3,667


Interest expense


(51,056)


(48,467)


Income before income taxes


41,382


31,118


Income tax expense


(12,715)


(25,242)


Net income


$

28,667


$

5,876








Comprehensive income:






Net income


$

28,667


$

5,876


Foreign currency translation adjustment


(6,328)


12,593


Comprehensive income


$

22,339


$

18,469








Basic net income per common share


$

0.63


$

0.13


Diluted net income per common share


$

0.63


$

0.13








Dividends declared per common share


$

2.12


$

1.80








Weighted‑average common shares—basic


45,280,161


44,855,263








Weighted‑average common shares—diluted


45,780,954


45,184,203


 

 

COGENT COMMUNICATIONS HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND DECEMBER 31, 2017

(IN THOUSANDS)








Three Months
Ended
December 31, 2018


Three Months
Ended
December 31, 2017








Cash flows from operating activities:






Net income (loss)


$

7,100


$

(6,227)


Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating 
     activities:






Depreciation and amortization


20,953


19,343


Amortization of debt discount and premium


407


340


Equity‑based compensation expense (net of amounts capitalized)


4,408


3,684


Gains—equipment transactions and other, net


(383)


(439)


Deferred income taxes


3,590


14,844


Changes in operating assets and liabilities:






Accounts receivable


(924)


156


Prepaid expenses and other current assets


225


501


Deposits and other assets


(28)


318


Accounts payable, accrued liabilities and other long‑term liabilities


5,378


(1,160)


Net cash provided by operating activities


40,726


31,360


Cash flows from investing activities:






Purchases of property and equipment


(10,937)


(10,618)


Net cash used in investing activities


(10,937)


(10,618)


Cash flows from financing activities:






Dividends paid


(26,516)


(21,833)


Principal payments of capital lease obligations


(2,128)


(1,833)


Principal payments of installment payment agreement


(2,550)


(1,619)


Purchases of common stock


(6,564)



Proceeds from exercises of common stock options


248


303


Net cash used in by financing activities


(37,510)


(24,998)


Effect of exchange rate changes on cash


(744)


486


Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents


(8,465)


(3,754)


Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period


284,558


250,765


Cash and cash equivalents, end of period


$

276,093


$

247,011


 

 

COGENT COMMUNICATIONS HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR EACH OF THE TWO YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018

(IN THOUSANDS)








2018


2017








Cash flows from operating activities:






Net income


$

28,667


$

5,876


Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating 
     activities:






Depreciation and amortization


81,233


75,926


Amortization of debt discount and premium


1,533


1,239


Equity‑based compensation expense (net of amounts capitalized)


17,708


13,290


Gains—equipment transactions and other, net


(1,109)


(4,833)


Deferred income taxes


11,117


24,679


Changes in operating assets and liabilities:






Accounts receivable


(3,204)


(4,161)


Prepaid expenses and other current assets


(438)


1,146


Deposits and other assets


(1,490)


1,111


Accounts payable, accrued liabilities and other long‑term liabilities


(96)


(2,571)


Net cash provided by operating activities


133,921


111,702


Cash flows from investing activities:






Purchases of property and equipment


(49,937)


(45,801)


Net cash used in investing activities


(49,937)


(45,801)


Cash flows from financing activities:






Net proceeds from issuance of 2022 secured notes—net of debt costs of 
     $1,364


69,861



Dividends paid


(97,887)


(81,657)


Principal payments of capital lease obligations


(10,286)


(11,201)


Principal payments of installment payment agreement


(9,437)


(3,802)


Purchases of common stock


(6,564)


(1,829)


Proceeds from exercises of common stock options


1,768


1,222


Net cash used in financing activities


(52,545)


(97,267)


Effect of exchange rate changes on cash


(2,357)


4,058


Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents


29,082


(27,308)


Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year


247,011


274,319


Cash and cash equivalents, end of year


$

276,093


$

247,011


 

Except for historical information and discussion contained herein, statements contained in this release constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  Such statements include, but are not limited to statements identified by words such as "believes," "expects," "anticipates," "estimates," "intends," "plans," "targets," "projects" and similar expressions.  The statements in this release are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of Cogent's management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties.  Actual results may differ from those set forth in the forward-looking statements.  Numerous factors could cause or contribute to such differences, including future economic instability in the global economy or a contraction of the capital markets which could affect spending on Internet services and our ability to engage in financing activities; the impact of changing foreign exchange rates (in particular the Euro to USD and Canadian dollar to USD exchange rates) on the translation of our non-USD denominated revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities; legal and operational difficulties in new markets; the imposition of a requirement that we contribute to the US Universal Service Fund on the basis of our Internet revenue; changes in government policy and/or regulation, including net neutrality rules  by the United States Federal Communications Commission and in the area of data protection; increasing competition leading to lower prices for our services; our ability to attract new customers and to increase and maintain the volume of traffic on our network; the ability to maintain our Internet peering arrangements on favorable terms; our reliance on an equipment vendor, Cisco Systems Inc., and the potential for hardware or software problems associated with such equipment; the dependence of our network on the quality and dependability of third-party fiber providers; our ability to retain certain customers that comprise a significant portion of our revenue base; the management of network failures and/or disruptions; and outcomes in litigation as well as other risks discussed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including, without limitation, our report on Form 10-K  for the year ended December 31, 2018 to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Cogent undertakes no duty to update any forward-looking statement or any information contained in this press release or in other public disclosures at any time. 

 

Cision

View original content to download multimedia:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/cogent-communications-reports-fourth-quarter-and-full-year-2018-results-and-increases-regular-quarterly-dividend-on-common-stock-300799095.html