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Is Your Credit Score High Enough to Buy a House?

Doug Whiteman
Is Your Credit Score High Enough to Buy a House?

Whether you can land a mortgage with a low interest rate or even get any home loan at all often comes down to three little digits: your credit score.

Does your credit score need some help? And could it keep you from becoming a homeowner? Here's what you need to know.

How low is too low?

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It often takes a credit score of at least 700 to qualify for a mortgage.

Credit scores of 550 or less are considered undesirable by most lenders. And while a score of 700 is the average, a not-too-far-from-average 650 may not be sufficient to get a mortgage loan.

It often takes a score of 700 or higher to be taken seriously by a lender. Each mortgage company has different standards, and those standards can change, depending on what's happening in the mortgage market.

Applicants with credit scores of 720 or better were turned away by lenders after the subprime mortgage meltdown in 2008. So, a score that's great today might be terrible tomorrow.

Different rules for federally insured loans

Government-backed mortgages have easier, lower standards when it comes to borrowers' credit scores.

You can have a score of 500 and still land an FHA loan, though you'll have to make a 10% down payment.

To qualify for the Federal Housing Administration's minimum 3.5% down payment, you'll need a score of 580 or better.

Calculate what your monthly mortgage payment will be.

Credit scores and mortgage rates

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A ho-hum credit score might bring you a higher mortgage rate.

When your credit score is higher than average but still not spectacular, a lender might think there's a greater risk you won't make good on your loan.

To compensate for that risk, a bank or loan company will often saddle you with a higher mortgage rate than someone with a higher score would pay.

A higher interest rate means a higher monthly mortgage payment and steeper total interest charges over the life of the loan.

If your credit score needs work, you'll want to carefully consider whether the cost of a higher interest rate is worth it. You may decide it's better to delay your home purchase to give yourself time to improve your score.

Raising your score

The easiest way to bring up your credit score quickly and snag that mortgage is to obtain copies of your credit reports from the three major credit bureaus (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) and make sure everything on them is accurate.

If you find any mistakes, dispute the errors so they can be removed.

Also, credit scores have a great deal to do with your credit utilization. If you're using too much of your available credit, that can hurt your score.

Paying down your credit cards to cut your credit utilization can give your credit score a nice boost.