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Cree Reports Financial Results for the First Quarter of Fiscal Year 2019

DURHAM, N.C.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--

Cree, Inc. (CREE) today announced financial results for its first quarter of fiscal 2019, ended September 23, 2018. Revenue for the first quarter of fiscal 2019 was $408 million, which represents a 13% increase compared to revenue of $360 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2018. GAAP net loss for the first quarter of fiscal 2019 was $11 million, or $0.11 per diluted share. This compares to a GAAP net loss of $20 million, or $0.20 per diluted share, for the first quarter of fiscal 2018. On a non-GAAP basis, net income for the first quarter of fiscal 2019 was $22 million, or $0.22 per diluted share, compared to non-GAAP net income for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 of $4 million, or $0.04 per diluted share.

“Fiscal year 2019 is off to a strong start, with first quarter non-GAAP earnings per share that exceeded the top end of our target range driven by another quarter of robust growth in Wolfspeed combined with strong gross margin improvement in LED Products and Lighting," stated Gregg Lowe, Cree CEO. "This is an excellent result given the headwinds facing the businesses related to tariffs and global trade tensions. While these headwinds may persist for some time, we remain optimistic about the opportunity to increase shareholder value over the long term by executing our strategic plan.”

Business Outlook:

For its second quarter of fiscal 2019 ending December 30, 2018, Cree targets revenue in a range of $398 million to $418 million. GAAP net loss is targeted at $5 million to $10 million, or $0.05 to $0.10 per diluted share. Non-GAAP net income is targeted to be in a range of $15 million to $19 million, or $0.15 to $0.19 earnings per diluted share. Targeted non-GAAP income excludes $25 million of expenses, net of tax, related to stock-based compensation expense, the amortization or impairment of acquisition-related intangibles and interest accretion on our convertible notes' issue costs and fair value adjustments. The GAAP and non-GAAP targets do not include any estimated change in the fair value of Cree’s Lextar investment.

Quarterly Conference Call:

Cree will host a conference call at 5:00 p.m. Eastern time today to review the highlights of the fiscal 2019 first quarter results and the fiscal 2019 second quarter business outlook, including significant factors and assumptions underlying the targets noted above.

The conference call will be available to the public through a live audio web broadcast via the internet. For webcast details, visit Cree's website at investor.cree.com/events.cfm.

Supplemental financial information, including the non-GAAP reconciliation attached to this press release, is available on Cree's website at investor.cree.com/results.cfm.

About Cree, Inc.

Cree is an innovator of Wolfspeed® power and radio frequency (RF) semiconductors, lighting class LEDs and lighting products. Cree’s Wolfspeed product families include SiC materials, power-switching devices and RF devices targeted for applications such as electric vehicles, fast charging inverters, power supplies, telecom and military and aerospace. Cree’s LED product families include blue and green LED chips, high-brightness LEDs and lighting-class power LEDs targeted for indoor and outdoor lighting, video displays, transportation and specialty lighting applications. Cree’s LED lighting systems and lamps serve indoor and outdoor applications.

For additional product and Company information, please refer to www.cree.com.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures:

This press release highlights the Company's financial results on both a GAAP and a non-GAAP basis. The GAAP results include certain costs, charges and expenses which are excluded from non-GAAP results. By publishing the non-GAAP measures, management intends to provide investors with additional information to further analyze the Company's performance, core results and underlying trends. Cree's management evaluates results and makes operating decisions using both GAAP and non-GAAP measures included in this press release. Non-GAAP results are not prepared in accordance with GAAP and non-GAAP information should be considered a supplement to, and not a substitute for, financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. Investors and potential investors are encouraged to review the reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP measures attached to this press release.

Forward Looking Statements:

The schedules attached to this release are an integral part of the release. This press release contains forward-looking statements involving risks and uncertainties, both known and unknown, that may cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements. Actual results, including with respect to our targets and prospects, could differ materially due to a number of factors, including the risk that we may not obtain sufficient orders to achieve our targeted revenues; price competition in key markets; the risk that we or our channel partners are not able to develop and expand customer bases and accurately anticipate demand from end customers, which can result in increased inventory and reduced orders as we experience wide fluctuations in supply and demand; the risk that our commercial Lighting Products segment's results will continue to suffer if new issues arise regarding issues related to product quality for this business; the risk that we may experience production difficulties that preclude us from shipping sufficient quantities to meet customer orders or that result in higher production costs and lower margins; our ability to lower costs; the risk that our results will suffer if we are unable to balance fluctuations in customer demand and capacity, including bringing on additional capacity on a timely basis to meet customer demand; the risk that longer manufacturing lead times may cause customers to fulfill their orders with a competitor's products instead; the risk that the economic and political uncertainty caused by the already imposed and proposed tariffs by the United States on Chinese goods, and corresponding Chinese tariffs in response, may negatively impact demand for our products; product mix; risks associated with the ramp-up of production of our new products, and our entry into new business channels different from those in which we have historically operated; the risk that customers do not maintain their favorable perception of our brand and products, resulting in lower demand for our products; the risk that our products fail to perform or fail to meet customer requirements or expectations, resulting in significant additional costs, including costs associated with warranty returns or the potential recall of our products; ongoing uncertainty in global economic conditions, infrastructure development or customer demand that could negatively affect product demand, collectability of receivables and other related matters as consumers and businesses may defer purchases or payments, or default on payments; risks resulting from the concentration of our business among few customers, including the risk that customers may reduce or cancel orders or fail to honor purchase commitments; the risk that we are not able to enter into acceptable contractual arrangements with the significant customers of the acquired Infineon Technologies AG (Infineon) RF Power business or otherwise not fully realize anticipated benefits of the transaction; the risk that retail customers may alter promotional pricing, increase promotion of a competitor's products over our products or reduce their inventory levels, all of which could negatively affect product demand; the risk that our investments may experience periods of significant stock price volatility causing us to recognize fair value losses on our investment; the risk posed by managing an increasingly complex supply chain that has the ability to supply a sufficient quantity of raw materials, subsystems and finished products with the required specifications and quality; the risk we may be required to record a significant charge to earnings if our goodwill or amortizable assets become impaired; risks relating to confidential information theft or misuse, including through cyber-attacks or cyber intrusion; our ability to complete development and commercialization of products under development, such as our pipeline of Wolfspeed products, improved LED chips, LED components, and LED lighting products; risks related to our multi-year warranty periods for LED lighting products; risks associated with acquisitions, divestitures, joint ventures or investments generally; the rapid development of new technology and competing products that may impair demand or render our products obsolete; the potential lack of customer acceptance for our products; risks associated with ongoing litigation; and other factors discussed in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), including our report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 24, 2018, and subsequent reports filed with the SEC. These forward-looking statements represent Cree's judgment as of the date of this release. Except as required under the U.S. federal securities laws and the rules and regulations of the SEC, Cree disclaims any intent or obligation to update any forward-looking statements after the date of this release, whether as a result of new information, future events, developments, changes in assumptions or otherwise.

Cree® and Wolfspeed® are registered trademarks of Cree, Inc.

 

CREE, INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF LOSS

(in thousands, except per share amounts and percentages)

 
Three Months Ended
September 23,
2018
  September 24,
2017
Revenue, net $408,267 $360,398
Cost of revenue, net 280,099     260,066  
Gross profit 128,168 100,332
Gross margin percentage 31.4 % 27.8 %
 
Operating expenses:
Research and development 45,965 41,859
Sales, general and administrative 72,690 62,964
Amortization or impairment of acquisition-related intangibles 8,495 6,792
Loss on disposal or impairment of long-lived assets 493   2,825  
Total operating expenses 127,643 114,440
 
Operating income (loss) 525 (14,108 )
Operating loss percentage 0.1 % (3.9 )%
 
Non-operating expense, net (9,505 )   (1,068 )
Loss before income taxes (8,980 ) (15,176 )
Income tax expense 2,154   4,697  
Net loss (11,134 ) (19,873 )
Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest (67 ) (16 )
Net loss attributable to controlling interest ($11,067 ) ($19,857 )
 
Diluted loss per share ($0.11 ) ($0.20 )
 
Shares used in diluted per share calculation 101,884 97,811
 
   

CREE, INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except par value)

 
September 23,
2018
June 24,
2018
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments $665,540 $387,085
Accounts receivable, net 207,565 153,875
Income tax receivable 2,837 2,434
Inventories 306,389 296,015
Prepaid expenses 26,674 28,310
Other current assets 20,793 20,191
Current assets held for sale   2,180  
Total current assets 1,229,798 890,090
Property and equipment, net 668,299 661,319
Goodwill 620,330 620,330
Intangible assets, net 381,396 390,054
Other long-term investments 50,240 57,501
Deferred income taxes 5,713 6,451
Other assets 11,838   11,800  
Total assets $2,967,614   $2,637,545  
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable, trade $147,214 $151,307
Accrued salaries and wages 56,552 53,458
Income taxes payable 137
Accrued contract liabilities 51,250
Other current liabilities 38,443   43,528  
Total current liabilities 293,596 248,293
 
Long-term liabilities:
Long-term debt 292,000
Convertible notes, net 452,590
Deferred income taxes 2,331 3,056
Other long-term liabilities 20,399   22,115  
Total long-term liabilities 475,320 317,171
 
Shareholders’ equity:
Common stock 127 127
Additional paid-in-capital 2,676,507 2,549,123
Accumulated other comprehensive income, net of taxes 664 596
Accumulated deficit (483,478 ) (482,710 )
Total shareholders’ equity 2,193,820   2,067,136  
Non-controlling interest 4,878   4,945  
Total liabilities and equity $2,967,614   $2,637,545  
 
 

CREE, INC.

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 
Three Months Ended
September 23,
2018
  September 24,
2017
(In thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss ($11,134 ) ($19,873 )
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 39,812 37,400
Amortization of debt issuance costs and discount 1,786
Stock-based compensation 12,053 10,135
Loss on disposal or impairment of long-lived assets 494 2,824
Amortization of premium/discount on investments 787 1,310
Loss on equity investment 6,664 3,267
Foreign exchange loss (gain) on equity investment 597 (199 )
Deferred income taxes (2 ) 3,133
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable, net (53,559 ) (5,996 )
Inventories (10,144 ) 6,960
Prepaid expenses and other assets 96 9,323
Accounts payable, trade (3,703 ) 6,442
Accrued salaries and wages and other liabilities 50,245   (603 )
Net cash provided by operating activities 33,992   54,123  
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property and equipment (36,589 ) (36,450 )
Purchases of patent and licensing rights (3,153 ) (2,476 )
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment 230 327
Purchases of short-term investments (145,843 ) (117,607 )
Proceeds from maturities of short-term investments 58,300 119,928
Proceeds from sale of short-term investments 24,790   1,974  
Net cash used in investing activities (102,265 ) (34,304 )
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from issuing shares to non-controlling interest 4,900
Payment of acquisition-related contingent consideration (1,850 )
Proceeds from long-term debt borrowings 95,000 95,000
Payments on long-term debt borrowings (387,000 ) (99,000 )
Proceeds from convertible notes 575,000
Payments of debt issuance costs (12,938 )
Net proceeds from issuance of common stock 15,491   119  
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities 285,553   (831 )
Effects of foreign exchange changes on cash and cash equivalents 113 473
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents 217,393 19,461
Cash and cash equivalents:
Beginning of period 118,924   132,597  
End of period $336,317   $152,058  
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Significant non-cash transactions:
Accrued property and equipment $15,445 $18,909
 

CREE, INC.
UNAUDITED FINANCIAL RESULTS BY OPERATING SEGMENT
(in thousands, except percentages)

The following table reflects the results of the Company's reportable segments as reviewed by the Company's Chief Executive Officer, its Chief Operating Decision Maker or CODM, for the three months ended September 23, 2018 and the three months ended September 24, 2017. The CODM does not review inter-segment transactions when evaluating segment performance and allocating resources to each segment. As such, total segment revenue is equal to the Company's consolidated revenue.

  Three Months Ended    
September 23,
2018
  September 24,
2017
Change
Wolfspeed revenue $127,375 $66,154 $61,221 93 %
Percent of revenue 31.2 % 18.4 %
LED Products revenue 146,802 144,520 2,282 2 %
Percent of revenue 36.0 % 40.1 %
Lighting Products revenue 134,090 149,724 (15,634 ) (10 )%
Percent of revenue 32.8 % 41.5 %
Total revenue $408,267   $360,398   $47,869   13 %
 
Three Months Ended
September 23,
2018
September 24,
2017
Change
Wolfspeed gross profit $60,415 $32,398 $28,017 86 %

Wolfspeed gross margin

47.4 % 49.0 %
LED Products gross profit 41,283 38,810 2,473 6 %
LED Products gross margin 28.1 % 26.9 %
Lighting Products gross profit 31,058 31,883 (825 ) (3 )%
Lighting Products gross margin 23.2 % 21.3 %
Unallocated costs (3,376 ) (2,759 ) (617 ) (22 )%
COGS acquisition related costs (1,212 )   (1,212 )

(100

)%
Consolidated gross profit $128,168   $100,332   $27,836   28 %
Consolidated gross margin 31.4 % 27.8 %
 

Reportable Segments Description

The Company's Wolfspeed segment's products consists of silicon carbide (SiC) and gallium nitride (GaN) materials, and power devices and RF devices based on silicon (Si) and wide bandgap semiconductor materials. The Company's LED Products segment's products include LED chips and LED components. The Company's Lighting Products segment's products consist of LED lighting systems and lamps.

Financial Results by Reportable Segment

The Company's CODM reviews gross profit as the lowest and only level of segment profit. As such, all items below gross profit in the consolidated statements of loss must be included to reconcile the consolidated gross profit presented in the preceding table to the Company's consolidated loss before taxes.

The Company allocates direct costs and indirect costs to each segment's cost of revenue. The allocation methodology is based on a reasonable measure of utilization considering the specific facts and circumstances of the costs being allocated.

Certain costs are not allocated when evaluating segment performance. These unallocated costs consist primarily of manufacturing employees' stock-based compensation, expenses for profit sharing and quarterly or annual incentive plans, and matching contributions under the Company's 401(k) Plan.

The cost of goods sold (COGS) acquisition related cost adjustment includes RF Power acquisition costs impacting cost of revenue for fiscal 2019. These costs were not allocated to the reportable segments' gross profit for fiscal 2019 because they represent an adjustment which does not provide comparability to the corresponding prior period and therefore were not reviewed by the Company's CODM when evaluating segment performance and allocating resources.

Non-GAAP Measures of Financial Performance

To supplement the Company's consolidated financial statements presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, Cree uses non-GAAP measures of certain components of financial performance. These non-GAAP measures include non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP operating income, non-GAAP non-operating income, net, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP diluted earnings per share and free cash flow.

Reconciliation to the nearest GAAP measure of all historical non-GAAP measures included in this press release can be found in the tables included with this press release. In this press release, Cree also presents its target for non-GAAP expenses, which are expenses less expenses in the various categories described below. Both our GAAP targets and non-GAAP targets do not include any estimated changes in the fair value of our Lextar investment.

Non-GAAP measures presented in this press release are not in accordance with or an alternative to measures prepared in accordance with GAAP and may be different from non-GAAP measures used by other companies. In addition, these non-GAAP measures are not based on any comprehensive set of accounting rules or principles. Non-GAAP measures have limitations in that they do not reflect all of the amounts associated with Cree's results of operations as determined in accordance with GAAP. These non-GAAP measures should only be used to evaluate Cree's results of operations in conjunction with the corresponding GAAP measures.

Cree believes that these non-GAAP measures, when shown in conjunction with the corresponding GAAP measures, enhance investors' and management's overall understanding of the Company's current financial performance and the Company's prospects for the future, including cash flows available to pursue opportunities to enhance shareholder value. In addition, because Cree has historically reported certain non-GAAP results to investors, the Company believes the inclusion of non-GAAP measures provides consistency in the Company's financial reporting.

For its internal budgeting process, and as discussed further below, Cree's management uses financial statements that do not include the items listed below and the income tax effects associated with the foregoing. Cree's management also uses non-GAAP measures, in addition to the corresponding GAAP measures, in reviewing the Company's financial results.

Cree excludes the following items from one or more of its non-GAAP measures when applicable:

Stock-based compensation expense. This expense consists of expenses for stock options, restricted stock, performance stock awards and employee stock purchases through its ESPP. Cree excludes stock-based compensation expenses from its non-GAAP measures because they are non-cash expenses that Cree does not believe are reflective of ongoing operating results.

Costs related to the RF Power acquisition. The Company incurred transaction, transition and integration costs in fiscal 2018 and 2019 in conjunction with the purchase of certain assets of the Infineon Technologies AG RF Power ("RF Power") business. Cree excludes these items because they have no direct correlation to the ongoing operating results of Cree's business.

Amortization or impairment of acquisition-related intangibles. Cree incurs amortization or impairment of acquisition-related intangibles in connection with acquisitions. Cree excludes these items because they arise from Cree's prior acquisitions and have no direct correlation to the ongoing operating results of Cree's business.

Lighting Products segment restructuring charges or gains. In April 2018, the Company approved a plan to restructure the Lighting Products segment. In September 2018, the Company revised the plan to include additional cost saving initiatives. The restructuring, which is expected to be completed during the second quarter of fiscal 2019, aims to realign the Company's cost base with the long-range business strategy that was announced February 26, 2018. The components of the restructuring include the sale or abandonment of certain equipment, facility consolidation, and elimination of certain positions. Because these charges relate to assets which have been retired prior to the end of their estimated useful lives and severance costs for eliminated positions, Cree does not believe these charges are reflective of ongoing operating results. Similarly, Cree does not consider the realized losses on sale of assets relating to the restructuring to be reflective of ongoing operating results.

Changes in the fair value of our Lextar investment. The Company's common stock ownership investment in Lextar Electronics Corporation is accounted for utilizing the fair value option. As such, changes in fair value are recognized in income, including fluctuations due to the exchange rate between the New Taiwan Dollar and the United States Dollar. Cree excludes the impact of these gains or losses from its non-GAAP measures because they are non-cash impacts that Cree does not believe are reflective of ongoing operating results. Additionally, Cree excludes the impact of dividends received on its Lextar investment as Cree does not believe it is reflective of ongoing operating results.

Accretion on convertible notes. In August 2018, the Company issued $575 million in convertible notes resulting in interest accretion on the convertible notes' issue costs and fair value adjustments. Management considers these items as either limited in term or having no impact on the Company's cash flows, and therefore has excluded such items to facilitate a review of current operating performance and comparisons to our past operating performance.

Income tax effects of the foregoing non-GAAP items. This amount is used to present each of the amounts described above on an after-tax basis consistent with the presentation of non-GAAP net income. Non-GAAP net income is presented using a non-GAAP tax rate. The Company’s non-GAAP tax rate represents a recalculation of the GAAP tax rate reflecting the exclusion of the non-GAAP items.

Cree expects to incur many of these same expenses, including income taxes associated with these expenses, in future periods. In addition to the non-GAAP measures discussed above, Cree also uses free cash flow as a measure of operating performance and liquidity. Free cash flow represents operating cash flows less net purchases of property and equipment and patent and licensing rights. Cree considers free cash flow to be an operating performance and a liquidity measure that provides useful information to management and investors about the amount of cash generated by the business after the purchases of property and equipment, a portion of which can then be used to, among other things, invest in Cree's business, make strategic acquisitions, strengthen the balance sheet and repurchase stock. A limitation of the utility of free cash flow as a measure of operating performance and liquidity is that it does not represent the residual cash flow available to the company for discretionary expenditures, as it excludes certain mandatory expenditures such as debt service.

CREE, INC.
Unaudited Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Measures
(in thousands, except per share amounts and percentages)

 

Non-GAAP Gross Margin

 
Three Months Ended
September 23,
2018
  September 24,
2017
GAAP gross profit $128,168 $100,332
GAAP gross margin percentage 31.4 % 27.8 %
Adjustment:
Stock-based compensation expense 1,872 1,775
Costs related to the RF Power acquisition 1,212    
Total adjustments to GAAP gross profit $3,084   $1,775  
Non-GAAP gross profit $131,252   $102,107  
Non-GAAP gross margin percentage 32.1 % 28.3 %
 
 

Non-GAAP Operating Income

 
Three Months Ended
September 23,
2018
  September 24,
2017
GAAP operating income (loss) $525 ($14,108 )
GAAP operating income (loss) percentage 0.1 % (3.9 )%
Adjustments:
Stock-based compensation expense:
Cost of revenue, net 1,872 1,775
Research and development 2,133 2,457
Sales, general and administrative 8,048   5,903  
Total stock-based compensation expense 12,053 10,135
Amortization or impairment of acquisition-related intangibles 8,495 6,792
Costs associated with Lighting business restructuring 4,484
Costs related to the RF Power acquisition 1,634    
Total adjustments to GAAP operating loss 26,666   16,927  
Non-GAAP operating income $27,191   $2,819  
Non-GAAP operating income percentage 6.7 % 0.8 %
 
 

Non-GAAP Non-Operating (Expense) Income, net

 
Three Months Ended
September 23,
2018
  September 24,
2017
GAAP non-operating (expense), net ($9,505 ) ($1,068 )
Adjustment:
Net changes in the fair value of the Lextar investment 7,274 3,067
Accretion on convertible notes 1,786    
Non-GAAP non-operating (expense) income, net ($445 ) $1,999  
 

Non-GAAP Net Income

 
Three Months Ended
September 23,
2018
  September 24,
2017
GAAP net loss ($11,067 ) ($19,857 )
Adjustments:
Stock-based compensation expense 12,053 10,135
Amortization or impairment of acquisition-related intangibles 8,495 6,792
Costs associated with Lighting business restructuring 4,484
Costs related to the RF Power acquisition 1,634
Net changes in the fair value of the Lextar investment 7,274 3,067
Accretion of convertible notes 1,786    
Total adjustments to GAAP net loss before provision for income taxes 35,726 19,994
Income tax effect (2,661 ) 3,974  
Non-GAAP net income $21,998   $4,111  
 
Non-GAAP earnings per share
Non-GAAP diluted earnings per share $0.22 $0.04
 
Shares used in non-GAAP diluted earnings per share calculation
Non-GAAP shares used 101,884 97,811
 
 

Free Cash Flow

 
Three Months Ended
September 23,
2018
  September 24,
2017
Cash flows from operations $33,992 $54,123
Less: PP&E spending (36,589 ) (36,450 )
Less: Patents spending (3,153 ) (2,476 )
Total free cash flow ($5,750 ) $15,197  
 
 

CREE, INC.

Business Outlook Unaudited GAAP to Non-GAAP Reconciliation

(in millions)

 
Three Months Ended
December 30, 2018
GAAP net loss outlook range ($6) to ($10)
Adjustments:
Stock-based compensation expense 13
Amortization or impairment of acquired intangibles 7
Accretion on convertible notes 6
Total adjustments to GAAP net loss before provision for income taxes 26
Income tax effect 0 to 1
Non-GAAP net income outlook range $15 to $19

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