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Cummins Reports Third Quarter 2021 Results

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  • CMI
  • Third quarter revenues of $6.0 billion; GAAP1 Net Income of $534 million.

  • Third quarter EBITDA of 14.4 percent; Diluted EPS of $3.69.

  • The company now expects its full year 2021 revenue to be up approximately 20.0 percent; compared to prior guidance of up 20.0 to 24.0 percent.

  • The company is lowering its EBITDA guidance to be approximately 15.0 percent; compared to prior guidance of 15.5 to 16.0 percent.

COLUMBUS, Ind., November 02, 2021--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Cummins Inc. (NYSE: CMI) today reported results for the third quarter of 2021.

Third quarter revenues of $6.0 billion increased 17 percent from the same quarter in 2020. Sales in North America increased 13 percent while international revenues increased 22 percent driven by strong demand across all global markets outside of China compared to the same quarter in 2020.

"Demand remained strong in the third quarter as the global economy continued to improve, driving strong sales growth across most businesses and regions outside of China, which is moderating in line with expectations," said Chairman and CEO Tom Linebarger. "Economic trends such as order activity, freight rates, and used equipment prices remain robust across a number of our key end markets which points to strong demand extending into 2022 and beyond. Cummins is well positioned to benefit as these markets gain momentum as we continue to see orders for our products outpace our competition. Despite this strong demand, supply chain constraints continue to impact our business as well as our customers’, resulting in rising material costs, elevated logistics expenses, and other manufacturing inefficiencies and capping revenue below our expectations three months ago."

Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) in the third quarter was $862 million (14.4 percent of sales), compared to $876 million (17.1 percent of sales) a year ago.

Net income attributable to Cummins in the third quarter was $534 million ($3.69 per diluted share) compared to $501 million ($3.36 per diluted share) in 2020. The tax rate in the third quarter was 19.9 percent including $11 million, or $0.08 per share, of favorable discrete items.

2021 Outlook:

Based on the current forecast, Cummins is lowering its full year 2021 revenue guidance to be up approximately 20 percent versus last year, compared to prior guidance of up 20 to 24 percent. EBITDA is now expected to be approximately 15.0 percent compared to previous guidance of 15.5 to 16.0 percent of sales due to the ongoing supply chain challenges in our industry. The Company expects to return over 75 percent of Operating Cash Flow to shareholders in 2021 in the form of dividends and share repurchases.

Any expenses outside of the normal course of business associated with the evaluation of strategic alternatives for the Filtration business have been excluded from the outlook provided.

Third Quarter 2021 Highlights:

  • Cummins announced that it will bring to market a 15-liter natural gas engine for heavy-duty trucks. The 15-liter natural gas engine is an important part of Cummins strategy for its path to zero emissions. The strategy focuses on new powertrains including advanced diesel, natural gas, hydrogen engines, hybrids, battery electric, and fuel cells along with an increased use of low carbon fuels and renewable electricity and related infrastructure. The expanding product lineup will help achieve Cummins’ PLANET 2050 environmental goals which include lowering emissions from newly sold products by 30% by 2030 and a goal of carbon neutrality by 2050, aligned with the Paris Climate Accord targets.

  • The company announced it will launch a set of software features to integrate its powertrains with Automated Driving System (ADS) technologies. Cummins is a market leader in delivering powertrains that provide leading performance and fuel economy through the integration of hardware and software. With these new software features, Cummins will extend these core capabilities into the ADS space as well. Cummins is positioned to be a leader in ADS technology integration globally and is actively testing more than 100 vehicles in coordination with ADS technology companies to ensure seamless powertrain integration as ADS solutions enter commercial vehicle markets globally.

  • Cummins received two awards, totaling nearly $7 million, from the US Department of Energy for continued work on enhancing the economic viability of fuel cell powertrain solutions for heavy-duty applications, including on-highway tractor-trailers and buses. The program will drive the scale and investment needed to allow for faster adoption of hydrogen fuel cell technologies.

  • The company launched Cummins Water Works, a community focused initiative to address the global water crisis around the world by bringing fresh water to 20 million people who would otherwise not have access to it. The program will partner with leading water experts and the Water Resilience Coalition to invest in sustainable, large-scale, high-impact projects in water stressed regions.

  • The company administered over 30,000 vaccine doses in India, continuing its commitment to the safety of employees, joint venture partners, and suppliers and their families during the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • The company announced an increase in its quarterly dividend from $1.35 to $1.45 a share

1 Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the U.S.

Third quarter 2021 detail (all comparisons to same period in 2020):

Engine Segment

  • Sales - $2.6 billion, up 22 percent

  • Segment EBITDA - $391 million, or 15.2 percent of sales, compared to $382 million or 18.1 percent of sales

  • On-highway revenues increased 22 percent driven by strong demand in the North American truck market and off-highway revenues increased 21 percent driven by strong demand in North American, Asian Pacific, and European construction markets

  • Sales increased 23 percent in North America and 19 percent in international markets

Distribution Segment

  • Sales - $2.0 billion, up 14 percent

  • Segment EBITDA - $192 million, or 9.8 percent of sales, compared to $182 million or 10.6 percent of sales

  • Revenues in North America increased 10 percent and international sales increased by 21 percent

  • Demand increased across the power generation and engine markets in addition to parts and service compared to last year.

Components Segment

  • Sales - $1.8 billion, up 16 percent

  • Segment EBITDA - $253 million, or 14.1 percent of sales, compared to $261 million or 16.9 percent of sales

  • Revenues in North America increased by 21 percent and international sales increased by 11 percent

Power Systems Segment

  • Sales - $1.2 billion, up 19 percent

  • Segment EBITDA - $134 million, or 11.5 percent of sales, compared to $101 million, or 10.3 percent of sales

  • Power generation revenues increased by 10 percent driven by growth in recreational vehicle and datacenter markets while industrial revenues increased 33 percent due to stronger demand in mining markets

New Power Segment

  • Sales - $23 million, up 28 percent

  • Segment EBITDA loss - $58 million

  • Revenues increased due to greater demand in transit and school bus markets in addition to the shipments of fuel cell systems to the rail market. Electrolyzer revenue decreased driven by timing of commissioning of projects.

  • Costs associated with the development of fuel cells and electrolyzers as well as products to support battery electric vehicles ahead of widespread adoption are contributing to EBITDA losses

About Cummins Inc.

Cummins Inc., a global power leader, is a corporation of complementary business segments that design, manufacture, distribute and service a broad portfolio of power solutions. The company’s products range from diesel, natural gas, electric and hybrid powertrains and powertrain-related components including filtration, aftertreatment, turbochargers, fuel systems, controls systems, air handling systems, automated transmissions, electric power generation systems, batteries, electrified power systems, hydrogen generation and fuel cell products. Headquartered in Columbus, Indiana (U.S.), since its founding in 1919, Cummins employs approximately 57,825 people committed to powering a more prosperous world through three global corporate responsibility priorities critical to healthy communities: education, environment and equality of opportunity. Cummins serves its customers online, through a network of company-owned and independent distributor locations, and through thousands of dealer locations worldwide and earned about $1.8 billion on sales of $19.8 billion in 2020. To learn more about Cummins, visit cummins.com.

Forward-looking disclosure statement

Information provided in this release that is not purely historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements regarding our forecasts, guidance, preliminary results, expectations, hopes, beliefs and intentions on strategies regarding the future. These forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements relating to our plans and expectations for our revenues and EBITDA. Our actual future results could differ materially from those projected in such forward-looking statements because of a number of factors, including, but not limited to: any adverse results of our internal review into our emissions certification process and compliance with emission standards; increased scrutiny from regulatory agencies, as well as unpredictability in the adoption, implementation and enforcement of emission standards around the world; policy changes in international trade; any adverse effects of the U.S. government's COVID-19 vaccine mandates; the U.K.'s exit from the European Union; changes in taxation; global legal and ethical compliance costs and risks; increasingly stringent environmental laws and regulations; future bans or limitations on the use of diesel-powered products; supply shortages and supplier financial risk, particularly from any of our single-sourced suppliers, including suppliers that may be impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic; market slowdown due to the impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic, other public health crises, epidemics or pandemics; impacts to manufacturing and supply chain abilities from an extended shutdown or disruption of our operations due to the COVID-19 pandemic; aligning our capacity and production with our demand, including impacts of COVID-19; large truck manufacturers' and original equipment manufacturers' customers discontinuing outsourcing their engine supply needs or experiencing financial distress, particularly related to the COVID-19 pandemic, bankruptcy or change in control; a slowdown in infrastructure development and/or depressed commodity prices; failure to realize expected results from our investment in Eaton Cummins Automated Transmission Technologies joint venture; the actions of, and income from, joint ventures and other investees that we do not directly control; product recalls; the development of new technologies that reduce demand for our current products and services; lower than expected acceptance of new or existing products or services; variability in material and commodity costs; product liability claims; our sales mix of products; protection and validity of our patent and other intellectual property rights; disruptions in global credit and financial markets as the result of the COVID-19 pandemic; labor relations or work stoppages; reliance on our executive leadership team and other key personnel; climate change and global warming; our plan to reposition our portfolio of product offerings through exploration of strategic acquisitions and divestitures and related uncertainties of entering such transactions; exposure to potential security breaches or other disruptions to our information technology systems and data security; political, economic and other risks from operations in numerous countries; competitor activity; increasing competition, including increased global competition among our customers in emerging markets; foreign currency exchange rate changes; the performance of our pension plan assets and volatility of discount rates, particularly those related to the sustained slowdown of the global economy due to the COVID-19 pandemic; the price and availability of energy; the outcome of pending and future litigation and governmental proceedings; continued availability of financing, financial instruments and financial resources in the amounts, at the times and on the terms required to support our future business; and other risks detailed from time to time in our SEC filings, including particularly in the Risk Factors section of our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. Shareholders, potential investors and other readers are urged to consider these factors carefully in evaluating the forward-looking statements and are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements made herein are made only as of the date of this press release and we undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. More detailed information about factors that may affect our performance may be found in our filings with the SEC, which are available at http://www.sec.gov or at http://www.cummins.com in the Investor Relations section of our website.

Presentation of Non-GAAP Financial Information

EBITDA is a non-GAAP measure used in this release and is defined and reconciled to what management believes to be the most comparable GAAP measure in a schedule attached to this release. Cummins presents this information as it believes it is useful to understanding the Company's operating performance, and because EBITDA is a measure used internally to assess the performance of the operating units.

Webcast information

Cummins management will host a teleconference to discuss these results today at 10 a.m. EDT. This teleconference will be webcast and available on the Investor Relations section of the Cummins website at www.cummins.com. Participants wishing to view the visuals available with the audio are encouraged to sign-in a few minutes prior to the start of the teleconference.

CUMMINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF NET INCOME

(Unaudited) (a)

Three months ended

In millions, except per share amounts

October 3,
2021

September 27,
2020

NET SALES

$

5,968

$

5,118

Cost of sales

4,554

3,769

GROSS MARGIN

1,414

1,349

OPERATING EXPENSES AND INCOME

Selling, general and administrative expenses

571

533

Research, development and engineering expenses

266

224

Equity, royalty and interest income from investees

94

98

Other operating expense, net

(5

)

(20

)

OPERATING INCOME

666

670

Interest expense

28

25

Other income, net

37

41

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES

675

686

Income tax expense

134

182

CONSOLIDATED NET INCOME

541

504

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

7

3

NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO CUMMINS INC.

$

534

$

501

EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO CUMMINS INC.

Basic

$

3.72

$

3.39

Diluted

$

3.69

$

3.36

WEIGHTED-AVERAGE COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING

Basic

143.5

147.9

Diluted

144.7

148.9

(a) Prepared on an unaudited basis in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

CUMMINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF NET INCOME

(Unaudited) (a)

Nine months ended

In millions, except per share amounts

October 3,
2021

September 27,
2020

NET SALES

$

18,171

$

13,981

Cost of sales

13,793

10,448

GROSS MARGIN

4,378

3,533

OPERATING EXPENSES AND INCOME

Selling, general and administrative expenses

1,745

1,549

Research, development and engineering expenses

802

651

Equity, royalty and interest income from investees

397

342

Other operating expense, net

(17

)

(35

)

OPERATING INCOME

2,211

1,640

Interest expense

85

71

Other income, net

111

134

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES

2,237

1,703

Income tax expense

473

402

CONSOLIDATED NET INCOME

1,764

1,301

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

27

13

NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO CUMMINS INC.

$

1,737

$

1,288

EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO CUMMINS INC.

Basic

$

11.96

$

8.69

Diluted

$

11.86

$

8.65

WEIGHTED-AVERAGE COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING

Basic

145.2

148.3

Diluted

146.5

148.9

(a) Prepared on an unaudited basis in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

CUMMINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited) (a)

In millions, except par value

October 3,
2021

December 31,
2020

ASSETS

Current assets

Cash and cash equivalents

$

2,588

$

3,401

Marketable securities

430

461

Total cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities

3,018

3,862

Accounts and notes receivable, net

4,152

3,820

Inventories

4,322

3,425

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

828

790

Total current assets

12,320

11,897

Long-term assets

Property, plant and equipment, net

4,185

4,255

Investments and advances related to equity method investees

1,543

1,441

Goodwill

1,289

1,293

Other intangible assets, net

921

963

Pension assets

1,100

1,042

Other assets

1,705

1,733

Total assets

$

23,063

$

22,624

LIABILITIES

Current liabilities

Accounts payable (principally trade)

$

3,210

$

2,820

Loans payable

85

169

Commercial paper

200

323

Accrued compensation, benefits and retirement costs

626

484

Current portion of accrued product warranty

694

674

Current portion of deferred revenue

806

691

Other accrued expenses

1,185

1,112

Current maturities of long-term debt

55

62

Total current liabilities

6,861

6,335

Long-term liabilities

Long-term debt

3,602

3,610

Pensions and other postretirement benefits

623

630

Accrued product warranty

703

672

Deferred revenue

836

840

Other liabilities

1,435

1,548

Total liabilities

$

14,060

$

13,635

EQUITY

Cummins Inc. shareholders’ equity

Common stock, $2.50 par value, 500 shares authorized, 222.5 and 222.4 shares issued

$

2,412

$

2,404

Retained earnings

16,555

15,419

Treasury stock, at cost, 79.4 and 74.8 shares

(8,974

)

(7,779

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(1,911

)

(1,982

)

Total Cummins Inc. shareholders’ equity

8,082

8,062

Noncontrolling interests

921

927

Total equity

$

9,003

$

8,989

Total liabilities and equity

$

23,063

$

22,624

(a) Prepared on an unaudited basis in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

CUMMINS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited) (a)

Three months ended

In millions

October 3,
2021

September 27,
2020

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

Consolidated net income

$

541

$

504

Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income to net cash provided by operating activities

Depreciation and amortization

160

166

Deferred income taxes

27

4

Equity in income of investees, net of dividends

(36

)

(12

)

Pension and OPEB expense

21

27

Pension contributions and OPEB payments

(18

)

(20

)

Share-based compensation expense

7

10

Restructuring payments

(19

)

Gain on corporate owned life insurance

(1

)

(12

)

Foreign currency remeasurement and transaction exposure

17

(5

)

Changes in current assets and liabilities

Accounts and notes receivable

(22

)

(123

)

Inventories

(291

)

174

Other current assets

(27

)

(22

)

Accounts payable

39

329

Accrued expenses

266

186

Changes in other liabilities

(25

)

9

Other, net

(89

)

27

Net cash provided by operating activities

569

1,223

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

Capital expenditures

(150

)

(116

)

Investments in internal use software

(14

)

(12

)

Investments in and advances to equity investees

(7

)

(13

)

Investments in marketable securities—acquisitions

(207

)

(137

)

Investments in marketable securities—liquidations

221

154

Cash flows from derivatives not designated as hedges

7

7

Other, net

18

14

Net cash used in investing activities

(132

)

(103

)

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

Proceeds from borrowings

15

1,977

Net payments of commercial paper

(1,711

)

Payments on borrowings and finance lease obligations

(24

)

(16

)

Net borrowings under short-term credit agreements

9

2

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

(15

)

(13

)

Dividend payments on common stock

(207

)

(194

)

Repurchases of common stock

(138

)

Proceeds from issuing common stock

1

46

Other, net

2

13

Net cash (used in) provided b...

(357

)

104

EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

27

(8

)

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

107

1,216

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

2,481