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Did The Cato Corporation (NYSE:CATO) Create Value For Investors Over The Past Year?

Liz Campbell

The Cato Corporation (NYSE:CATO) generated a below-average return on equity of 2.62% in the past 12 months, while its industry returned 13.13%. Though CATO’s recent performance is underwhelming, it is useful to understand what ROE is made up of and how it should be interpreted. Knowing these components can change your views on CATO’s below-average returns. I will take you through how metrics such as financial leverage impact ROE which may affect the overall sustainability of CATO’s returns. View our latest analysis for Cato

Breaking down Return on Equity

Return on Equity (ROE) weighs Cato’s profit against the level of its shareholders’ equity. For example, if the company invests $1 in the form of equity, it will generate $0.03 in earnings from this. In most cases, a higher ROE is preferred; however, there are many other factors we must consider prior to making any investment decisions.

Return on Equity = Net Profit ÷ Shareholders Equity

ROE is measured against cost of equity in order to determine the efficiency of Cato’s equity capital deployed. Its cost of equity is 4.65%. This means Cato’s returns actually do not cover its own cost of equity, with a discrepancy of -2.04%. This isn’t sustainable as it implies, very simply, that the company pays more for its capital than what it generates in return. ROE can be split up into three useful ratios: net profit margin, asset turnover, and financial leverage. This is called the Dupont Formula:

Dupont Formula

ROE = profit margin × asset turnover × financial leverage

ROE = (annual net profit ÷ sales) × (sales ÷ assets) × (assets ÷ shareholders’ equity)

ROE = annual net profit ÷ shareholders’ equity

NYSE:CATO Last Perf May 24th 18

Basically, profit margin measures how much of revenue trickles down into earnings which illustrates how efficient the business is with its cost management. Asset turnover reveals how much revenue can be generated from Cato’s asset base. And finally, financial leverage is simply how much of assets are funded by equity, which exhibits how sustainable the company’s capital structure is. Since ROE can be artificially increased through excessive borrowing, we should check Cato’s historic debt-to-equity ratio. Currently, Cato has no debt which means its returns are driven purely by equity capital. This could explain why Cato’s’ ROE is lower than its industry peers, most of which may have some degree of debt in its business.

NYSE:CATO Historical Debt May 24th 18

Next Steps:

ROE is a simple yet informative ratio, illustrating the various components that each measure the quality of the overall stock. Cato’s ROE is underwhelming relative to the industry average, and its returns were also not strong enough to cover its own cost of equity. Although, its appropriate level of leverage means investors can be more confident in the sustainability of Cato’s return with a possible increase should the company decide to increase its debt levels. ROE is a helpful signal, but it is definitely not sufficient on its own to make an investment decision.

For Cato, there are three relevant factors you should further examine:

  1. Financial Health: Does it have a healthy balance sheet? Take a look at our free balance sheet analysis with six simple checks on key factors like leverage and risk.
  2. Valuation: What is Cato worth today? Is the stock undervalued, even when its growth outlook is factored into its intrinsic value? The intrinsic value infographic in our free research report helps visualize whether Cato is currently mispriced by the market.
  3. Other High-Growth Alternatives : Are there other high-growth stocks you could be holding instead of Cato? Explore our interactive list of stocks with large growth potential to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!


To help readers see pass the short term volatility of the financial market, we aim to bring you a long-term focused research analysis purely driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis does not factor in the latest price sensitive company announcements.

The author is an independent contributor and at the time of publication had no position in the stocks mentioned.