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Edited Transcript of AKAM earnings conference call or presentation 28-Oct-19 8:30pm GMT

Q3 2019 Akamai Technologies Inc Earnings Call

CAMBRIDGE Nov 1, 2019 (Thomson StreetEvents) -- Edited Transcript of Akamai Technologies Inc earnings conference call or presentation Monday, October 28, 2019 at 8:30:00pm GMT

TEXT version of Transcript

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Corporate Participants

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* Edward J. McGowan

Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO

* F. Thomson Leighton

Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Co-Founder, CEO & Director

* Tom Barth

Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Head of IR

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Conference Call Participants

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* Alexander Henderson

Needham & Company, LLC, Research Division - Senior Analyst

* Brad Alan Zelnick

Crédit Suisse AG, Research Division - MD

* James Edward Fish

Piper Jaffray Companies, Research Division - VP & Senior Research Analyst

* Jeffrey Lee Van Rhee

Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC, Research Division - Partner & Senior Research Analyst

* Jonathan David Charbonneau

Cowen and Company, LLC, Research Division - VP

* Keith Weiss

Morgan Stanley, Research Division - Equity Analyst

* Lee T. Krowl

B. Riley FBR, Inc., Research Division - Associate Analyst

* Mark Stephen F. Mahaney

RBC Capital Markets, Research Division - MD and Analyst

* Michael Turits

Raymond James & Associates, Inc., Research Division - MD of Equity Research & Infrastructure Software Analyst

* Sterling Auty

JP Morgan Chase & Co, Research Division - Senior Analyst

* Timothy Kelly Horan

Oppenheimer & Co. Inc., Research Division - MD and Senior Analyst

* William Verity Power

Robert W. Baird & Co. Incorporated, Research Division - Senior Research Analyst

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Presentation

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Operator [1]

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Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for standing by, and welcome to the Third Quarter 2019 Akamai Technologies, Inc. Earnings Conference Call. (Operator Instructions) Please be advised that today's conference is being recorded. (Operator Instructions)

I would now like to hand the conference over to your speaker today, Tom Barth, Head of Investor Relations. Sir, please begin.

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Tom Barth, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Head of IR [2]

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Thank you, Norma, and good afternoon, and thank you, everyone, for joining Akamai's Third Quarter 2019 Earnings Conference Call. Speaking today will be Tom Leighton, Akamai's Chief Executive Officer; and Ed McGowan, Akamai's Chief Financial Officer.

Before we get started, please note that today's comments include forward-looking statements, including statements regarding revenue and earnings guidance. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and involve a number of factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such comments. Additional information concerning these factors is contained in Akamai's filings with the SEC, including our annual report on Form 10-K and quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. The forward-looking statements included in this call represent the company's view on October 28, 2019. Akamai disclaims any obligation to update these statements to reflect future events or circumstances.

As a reminder, we will be referring to some non-GAAP financial metrics during today's call. A detailed reconciliation of GAAP and non-GAAP metrics can be found under the financial portion of the Investor Relations section of akamai.com.

And with that, let me turn the call over to Tom.

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F. Thomson Leighton, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Co-Founder, CEO & Director [3]

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Thanks, Tom, and thank you all for joining us today. Before I cover our financial results, I'd like to say a few words about the significance of this week in Internet history.

50 years ago, on October 29, 1969, the first message was transmitted over the Internet. The first message was supposed to be a log-in. But after the letters L and O reached Stanford from UCLA, the Internet crashed due to a memory overflow. It's stunning to think about how far the Internet has come from those humble beginnings, and I'm looking forward to joining the Internet's leading pioneers tomorrow at the Internet50 Conference at UCLA, where we'll celebrate 50 years of amazing innovation, and I'll lead a discussion on the future of Internet security and privacy.

This week also marks the 20th anniversary of Akamai's IPO on October 29, 1999. Like the Internet, Akamai has come a long way since our founding. During the first 10 years of our existence, we essentially created the CDN industry, where we're still the market leader by far. And over the last decade, we pioneered the creation of Edge security services with industry-leading products, such as Kona Site Defender and Bot Manager.

Our success over the past 20 years has been achieved through very hard work, tremendous innovation and the development of our unique Edge platform with servers in nearly 4,000 locations across 1,000 cities and 137 countries. The breadth of our Edge platform means that we're incredibly close to billions of end users, and being so close means that Akamai is in a unique position to provide the near instant response times, very high-quality video experiences and market-leading security services that our customers are demanding.

As many of you know, there's been a lot of buzz lately about the importance of being at the Edge. Gartner, Forrester, IDC and other leading analyst firms have all published reports explaining why the Edge is so important for end-user performance and security. This has not gone unnoticed by our competition, who are now trying to play up any connection they can make to the Edge no matter how slender even when their platforms are really located to core data centers. They're now talking about how Edge computing can be used for tasks such as locating nearby resources, supporting A/B testing or enabling real-time streaming. And they're talking about it in a way that suggests that these capabilities are somehow novel.

Those of you who've been following Akamai for a while know that Akamai is the one company with a true Edge platform and that we've been leading the way when it comes to Edge services for nearly 2 decades. In fact, we launched the world's first suite of Edge services 19 years ago in October of 2000. And 18 years ago, eWEEK featured Akamai for its evolution into "an ambitious provider of Edge computing to large businesses."

To be clear, Edge computing is not new. At least, it's not new for Akamai. We've had thousands of customers using our Edge computing capabilities for well over a decade and not just for locating nearby resources, supporting A/B testing or enabling real time streaming. Akamai customers have long been using our Edge computing capabilities for a wide variety of tasks that are helpful in managing a state-of-the-art web presence. For example, tasks such as API governance, global traffic management and application load balancing, script management, user prioritization and waiting room, URL redirection and rewrites, phased code deployment, access control, field input validation, adaptive image and video optimization, proxy detection, watermarking, token authentication and revocation, content encryption, bot management, web app firewall, and more recently, IoT message broker and compute services and blockchain ledger updates. All of these capabilities and more are enabled through our platform's highly distributed design, which supports real-time data processing and decision-making close to the end user, so that every user can have a great experience without overloading expensive cloud data centers.

To be clear, we don't take the competition lightly. But when it comes to Edge capabilities, we believe that the others have a lot of catching up to do to match what we've been doing and doing profitably for a very long time.

Turning now to our financial results. I'm pleased to report that Akamai delivered another quarter of excellent results in Q3, coming in above expectations on both the top and bottom lines. Revenue was $710 million, up 7% over last year in constant currency. Q3 non-GAAP EPS was $1.10 per diluted share, up 18% in constant currency. Our very strong third quarter results were once again driven by the rapid growth of our cloud security and international businesses, strong growth in video, software and gaming download traffic and our continued focus on operational excellence. Our adjusted EBITDA margin in Q3 was 42%, up 1 point over Q3 of last year. Non-GAAP operating margin was 29%, up 2 points over Q3 of last year. We've made excellent progress towards our goal of achieving non-GAAP operating margins of 30% in 2020 as we continue to invest in innovation on new products with the goal of driving our future growth.

Our security portfolio continued to be the fastest-growing part of our business in Q3, achieving revenue of $216 million, up 29% year-over-year in constant currency. Bot Manager and our Enterprise Security Solutions continue to lead the way in Q3 with revenue growing by more than 50% over Q3 of last year. In addition to selling our enterprise security services directly to major enterprises, we're also now equipping our carrier partners with services that they can sell to small- and medium-sized businesses to defend against malware and VodaText. By embedding our technology into carrier products such as the recently released Comcast Business Security Edge, we can efficiently reach a much larger number of enterprise customers.

The success of our security products was again a key driver for growth in our Web division, which delivered $390 million of revenue in Q3, up 10% over Q3 of last year in constant currency. Our leadership in security also helped to limit customer churn to a 5-year low in Q3. Keeping customers happy is always job #1, and so we were very pleased to see such a strong result.

Our Media and Carrier division also performed well in the third quarter due to strong traffic growth for OTT video services and software and gaming downloads.

Overall, we continue to grow traffic on our platform in Q3, faster than published growth rates for the Internet as a whole, meaning that we continue to gain traffic share. We set a new record for peak traffic on October 15 when we delivered 106 terabits per second. This is 66% larger than the peak we saw in Q3 of last year, and it's a strong proof point for the enormous capacity of the Akamai Edge platform. We believe that our ability to provide high-quality performance at this scale gives us a strong competitive edge when it comes to delivering traffic for popular OTT services. On a typical day, we now deliver over 800,000 terabytes of content to end users. To put such a large number in context, 800,000 terabytes is about what is contained in 200 million DVDs or 800 billion web pages, and we are now delivering this much traffic almost every day on the Akamai Edge platform.

Before handing the call over to Ed, I'd like to say a few words about 3 recent acquisitions: krypt.co, ChameleonX and Exceda.

krypt.co was a very small MIT-based startup with some excellent technology for providing truly secure multifactor authentication or MFA. The technology is easy to use and has significant security advantages over traditional MFA solutions, which can be compromised by phishing attacks. We plan to integrate this technology into our portfolio of enterprise security solutions.

ChameleonX is a small Israeli startup with some innovative technology for detecting when a website contains or links to malware that causes end user data to be compromised. Accidentally incorporating malware from third parties into a website or app is a major problem for enterprises that has already resulted in several large data breaches, which in turn can lead to very large financial penalties from regulators. Our goal in acquiring ChameleonX is to develop a service to stop these attacks. We expect the deal to close soon.

Lastly, Exceda is a leading provider of CDN and web security services in Latin America. They've been our largest reseller in an important and fast-growing region, and they have a very talented sales force and professional services team. We've entered into an agreement to acquire Exceda as part of our overall plan to grow our market presence throughout Latin America, including Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Colombia and Peru. We expect the acquisition to close later in Q4.

These 3 transactions will cost less than $50 million combined. We view them as smart investments that we think will drive significant growth for Akamai in the future.

In general, we plan to continue to be active in M&A, which is the key reason why we raised an additional $1.15 billion in convertible debt in August. Of course, we're always judicious in how we spend shareholder capital as we continue to search for compelling opportunities to accelerate profitable revenue growth.

In summary, we're very pleased with the consistency of our results in the first 3 quarters of 2019, the impressive revenue growth of our security products, the high-traffic growth in our CDN business, our strong growth and opportunity in the international markets and our healthy operating margins achieved even as we continue to invest in innovation, new products and acquisitions with the goal of driving our future growth.

We're especially pleased to have delivered these results the right way, as evidenced by Akamai being named last quarter to both the Dow Jones Sustainability Index and the global FTSE4Good Index. And for that, I want to thank our hard-working employees for helping Akamai to achieve such strong results and positive recognition.

Now I'll turn the call over to Ed to review our Q3 results and guidance for the remainder of the year. Ed?

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Edward J. McGowan, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [4]

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Thank you, Tom. As Tom outlined, Akamai delivered another excellent quarter in Q3. We were very pleased to exceed the high end of our guidance range on revenue, operating margin and earnings.

Q3 revenue was $710 million, up 6% year-over-year or 7% in constant currency, driven by strong security growth and higher-than-expected video and software traffic. In addition, we didn't see the traditional slowdown in traffic during the summer months as we have seen in the past.

Revenue from our Web division was $390 million, up 9% year-over-year or 10% in constant currency. Revenue growth for this group of customers continue to be driven by our security business, where we saw strong performance across multiple security products in several key verticals, including financial services, commerce and high tech.

Revenue from our Media and Carrier division was $320 million, up 2% year-over-year or 3% in constant currency. The better-than-expected growth in Q3 came from continued momentum in security and higher-than-expected OTT video and software traffic as we gain share in several key customers during the quarter.

Revenue from the Internet platform customers was $44 million, up 2% from the prior year. Security revenue for the third quarter was $216 million, up 28% year-over-year or 29% in constant currency. Sales in our international markets now represent 42% of total revenue in Q3, up 4 points from Q3 2018 and up 1 point from Q2 levels.

International revenue was $297 million, up 15% year-over-year or 18% in constant currency. As Tom outlined earlier, we entered into an agreement in Q3 to acquire Exceda as part of our overall plan to grow our market presence throughout Latin America. We are pleased with the traction we have seen from prior go-to-market investments overseas and expect the Exceda acquisition, once closed, will help spur revenue growth internationally.

Foreign exchange fluctuations had a negative impact of $2 million on a sequential basis and negative $6 million on a year-over-year basis. Finally, revenue from our U.S. market was $413 million, relatively flat year-over-year.

Moving now to costs. Cash gross margin was 78%, roughly flat with Q2 levels and up 1 point from the same period last year, primarily due to the continued execution of our platform efficiency initiatives. GAAP gross margin, which includes both depreciation and stock-based compensation, was 65%, down 1 point from Q2 levels. Non-GAAP cash operating expenses were $250 million, down $4 million from Q2 levels and favorable to our guidance due to our continued focus on operational efficiencies, savings generated through our enhanced procurement function and the timing of approximately $2 million of costs related to our new headquarters shifting from Q3 to Q4.

Now moving on to profitability. Adjusted EBITDA was $301 million, up $8 million from Q2 levels and up $27 million or 10% from the same period in 2018. Our adjusted EBITDA margin was 42%, consistent with Q2, up 1 point from Q3 2018 and above the high end of our guidance range. Non-GAAP operating income was $208 million, up $4 million from Q2 levels and up $27 million or 15% from the same period last year.

Non-GAAP operating income was $208 million, up $4 million from Q2 levels and up $27 million or 15% from the same period last year. Non-GAAP operating margin came in at 29%, consistent with Q2 levels, up 2 points from Q3 of last year and above our guidance range.

Capital expenditures in Q3, excluding equity compensation and capitalized interest expense, were $154 million. This was below our guidance range due to lower-than-expected spend on our new headquarters as well as some costs related to network build-out that shifted into Q4.

Before I move on to earnings, one quick housekeeping item. During Q3, we started to recognize our share of earnings from our previously announced blockchain joint venture with Mitsubishi. Our share of the JV's earnings is a loss of $1.4 million in Q3 and is reflected in our GAAP net income, but is excluded from our non-GAAP results.

GAAP net income for the third quarter was $138 million or $0.84 of earnings per diluted share. Non-GAAP net income was $181 million or $1.10 of earnings per diluted share, up 17% year-over-year, up 18% in constant currency and $0.08 above the high end of our guidance range. Taxes included in our non-GAAP earnings were $34 million based on a Q3 effective tax rate of 16%. This rate is approximately 1 point lower than our guidance due to a higher percentage of foreign earnings.

Now I'll discuss some balance sheet items. We continue to have a very strong balance sheet. As of September 30, our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities totaled $2.3 billion, up about $1 billion from the end of Q2. This increase was due to a $1.15 billion convertible debt offering we closed in August. This brought our total debt at the end of Q3 to $2.3 billion.

Now I'll review our use of capital. During the third quarter, we spent $176 million to repurchase shares, buying back approximately 2 million shares. We ended Q3 with approximately $800 million remaining on our previously announced share repurchase authorization.

As Tom mentioned earlier, we plan to remain active and disciplined in pursuing additional M&A, and our most recent debt offering further strengthens our balance sheet for additional strategic flexibility. We believe our disciplined and balanced capital allocation approach will allow us to continue to drive shareholder value through investing organically in the business, pursuing M&A and continued share repurchases. In summary, we're very pleased with our Q3 results and remain confident in our ability to execute on our plans for the long term.

I'd now like to provide Q4 guidance and an update to our 2019 guidance. As always, seasonality plays a large role in determining our financial performance for the fourth quarter driven by seasonal online retail activity for our e-commerce customers, higher-than-normal traffic for our large media customers and a higher proportion of carrier software license deals that tend to be signed in the fourth quarter. And finally, this year, we will see the launch of 2 highly publicized offering -- OTT offerings in Q4. All these factors make the fourth quarter the hardest to predict. We also expect the potential for further foreign currency exchange headwinds in Q4 from the continued strengthening of the U.S. dollar and the potential for additional currency volatility associated with Brexit. At the current spot rates, however, foreign exchange fluctuations are expected to have limited impact on Q4 compared to Q3 levels but will have a negative impact of $2 million year-over-year.

Taking all these factors into account, we are projecting Q4 revenue in a range of $735 million to $755 million or up 3% to 6% in constant currency over Q4 2018. To frame this guidance, if the online holiday season and media traffic demand, including the OTT launches, is exceptionally strong, we would expect to be near the higher end of the revenue range. If the online holiday season and media traffic demand is not as strong, then we would expect to be towards the lower end of the range.

At these revenue levels, we expect cash gross margins of 78%. Q4 non-GAAP operating expenses are projected to be $274 million to $278 million. The increase in cost over Q3 levels is due to higher sales incentive compensation costs that we typically see in Q4, 2 months of operating costs associated with the Exceda acquisition, additional marketing expenses related to our Europe and Asia customer conferences and increased rent associated with the new headquarters building. Factoring in the cash gross margin and operating expense expectations I just provided, we anticipate Q4 EBITDA margins in the range of 41% to 42%.

Now moving to depreciation. We expect non-GAAP depreciation expense to be between $94 million to $96 million. Factoring in this guidance, we expect non-GAAP operating margin of approximately 28% to 29% for Q4.

Moving on to CapEx. We expect to spend approximately $153 million to $165 million, excluding equity compensation in the fourth quarter. This includes approximately $22 million related to our new headquarters as well as continued network investments in anticipation of increased OTT traffic in 2020.

And with the overall revenue and spend configuration I just outlined, we expect Q4 non-GAAP EPS in a range of $1.10 to $1.15 or up 4% to 10% in constant currency. This EPS guidance assumes taxes of $35 million to $37 million based on an estimated quarterly non-GAAP tax rate of approximately 16%, and it also reflects a fully diluted share count of approximately 164 million shares.

Looking ahead to the full year, we are raising both our revenue and EPS guidance. On the revenue side, we expect a range of $2.857 billion to $2.877 billion, which is an increase of approximately $12 million at the midpoint of the range compared to our previous guidance.

For the full year, we anticipate adjusted EBITDA margins of 42%. We expect 2019 non-GAAP operating margins of approximately 29%. We expect full year CapEx to be 21% of revenue. And included in our 2019 CapEx spend is roughly $100 million of onetime costs related to the move into our new headquarters.

Moving to EPS. We are increasing our non-GAAP earnings per diluted share range to $4.36 to $4.42 for full year 2019, which is up $0.12 at the midpoint compared to our previous guidance. Our guidance assumes a non-GAAP effective tax rate of 16%, a fully diluted share count of approximately 165 million shares.

In summary, we're very pleased with our business performance as well as our ability to again increase our guidance for the full year.

Thank you. Tom and I would be happy to take your questions. Operator?

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Questions and Answers

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Operator [1]

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(Operator Instructions) Our first question comes from Mark Mahaney with RBC Capital Markets.

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Mark Stephen F. Mahaney, RBC Capital Markets, Research Division - MD and Analyst [2]

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Two questions. Ed, you talked about not seeing the typical slowdown in summer traffic that you have seen historically. Any thoughts on why that is?

And then secondly, big picture question on the streaming opportunity. I know you got 2 OTT launches. Just talk bigger picture. I think this is the -- one of the biggest trends we're seeing now in video, music and in gaming to -- just talk about how well leveraged you think Akamai is against the streaming opportunity. Any other examples you could provide other than the 2 launches that are expected in November?

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Edward J. McGowan, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [3]

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Sure. So Mark, this is Ed. Yes, the slowdown in traffic, typically, in years we don't have events, whether it's an Olympics or a World Cup, we do tend to see traffic lighten up, especially in Europe during the summer months, usually the last couple of weeks of July going through August. And we just didn't see that this year. And what was interesting is we did see relatively strong traffic in Europe and really across the board in all different parts of the business, OTT, we saw it in gaming, we saw it in software downloads as well. So it was encouraging not to see that slowdown that we had modeled in -- some of the slowdown we provided our guidance last quarter. So that explains some of the overperformance.

And then in terms of the streaming OTT launches, I get a couple of questions in there, how well leveraged are we. I think we're very well leveraged with the most publicized OTT offerings in the sense that we've got great customer relationships with the folks that are coming out with new services. We built out a lot of capacity over the last couple of quarters. Here's why you see our CapEx be higher than normal. And that provides you a benefit when you're competing in a multi-CDN world, having ample capacity and having capacity in the right areas. It's not just about having a total amount of capacity. But having capacity in the right operator networks, in the right cities, in the right locations around the world is critical.

And also, we talked about earlier, we had gone through a number of pricing renewals throughout the year with a lot of these folks. So we believe we're well positioned to capture our fair share. Now most of these players are multi-CDN, and in some cases, some of them own their own CDNs. But again, we think we're well positioned and are continuing to build out for we hope will be significant traffic.

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Operator [4]

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And our next question comes from Keith Weiss with Morgan Stanley.

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Keith Weiss, Morgan Stanley, Research Division - Equity Analyst [5]

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Excellent. I was hoping to sneak in 2 questions. One on the cloud security side of the equation, where it seems like traffic -- or growth continues to hold up really well. Some of these core components that we've been talking around -- about for a while, including sort of botnet, appear to be growing really well. I was hoping we could get an update on some of the newer acquired assets, some of the access stuff or Janrain, which was acquired last year. Just to get an update on that side of the equation.

And then the second was, I was hoping just for a reminder if you could talk to us about how we should expect the balance between U.S. growth and international growth to trend into 2020. I know the U.S. had some headwinds this year around some pricing events, and international has been remarkably strong growth throughout the entire year. Should we expect U.S. to sort of catch up to international? Or is there always going to be some further weights on U.S. business versus international that we should keep in mind?

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F. Thomson Leighton, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Co-Founder, CEO & Director [6]

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Yes. I'll take the first one. This is Tom. We're really excited about the security business. The flagship products there are Kona Site Defender, which provides the cloud-based web app firewall solution that keeps sites from being taken over or corrupted or data being stolen; and Prolexic, which stops the denial of service attacks that come at the IP or the routing layer. And that's -- those are the flagship products, and we built a ton of capabilities on top of that.

You mentioned Bot Manager, which is just doing incredibly well. We talked about growth, more than 50% year-over-year. And Bot Manager stops the kinds of attacks where an adversary is trying to buy up all the inventory. It could be an article of clothing. It could be tickets to a sports event. Stops the price scrapers, which can cause a lot of expense for the website, especially travel websites. And maybe most importantly, stops the account scammers. And this is the bots that are checking out stolen or guest credentials against your bank account to see if they got the right one, then they can drain your bank account. And we've had fabulous success in stopping those kinds of attacks. And that's, I think, a key reason why it's -- the revenue is growing so rapidly. And the best news there is we've got a long way to go just in our existing base and of course, also signing up new customers.

You mentioned Janrain, the acquisition we did at the beginning of the year for their identity cloud capabilities, which we're integrating into our platform. And I think one of the exciting use cases there is to help our customers manage user data, opt-in requirements and to help them be compliant with the laws that are being passed all around the world. I think a lot of people are familiar with GDPR in Europe, especially now that some multi-hundred million dollar fines have been issued. But you have a law coming into effect in California, CCPA, on January 1. Most of our customers probably are not yet compliant. We can help with that. You have other states in the U.S. New York will be passing laws and many other countries around the world. And these laws are all a little bit different, and our customers are going to need help, making sure that they can be compliant. And I think we really could help using our identity cloud solution, which we're creating a part through the Janrain acquisition.

We've talked about our enterprise security solutions, the notion of zero trust. I think there's a very exciting future there. We're seeing substantial customer wins there as people start embracing the zero trust concept and methodology. Again, revenue is growing over 50% there as well.

We talked about the new acquisitions. Page Integrity, which is the ChameleonX acquisition, I think, is very important. This is where we stop things like Magecart that have caused some large data breaches on famous websites. In turn, again, huge fines, multi-hundred million dollar fines being imposed when those breaches have happened. And I think Akamai is in a fantastic position to protect our customers against those kinds of attacks.

People don't think about it a lot today, but most of the content you get when you go to a website doesn't really start or originate at that website. It is third-party content, content used for marketing purposes, for performance management, advertising, all sorts of other things. And it turns out that, that content can often have malware in it, or that a website will link to a partner who provides these services and they will be compromised with malware, and that results in the end user giving up their private data like a credit card. And Akamai is in a really good position to stop that, and we'll be looking forward to introducing a product into the market next year, early next year, which we call Page Integrity Management.

We talked about krypt.co, another small acquisition but with some really exciting technology around push-based multifactor authentication. And the interesting thing there is what a lot of enterprises use for that today is vulnerable to phishing attacks. And people don't think about it a lot, but that's not very good. And with the integration of krypt.co is we're going to be able to stop those attacks for enterprise.

So there's a lot of exciting innovation going on in cloud security at Akamai, and we're looking forward to continue strong growth there.

And Ed, I'll turn it over to you for the other question.

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Edward J. McGowan, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [7]

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Sure, Keith. Your question was around U.S. versus international growth. So let me tackle it this way. Let me just remind everybody on the U.S. side, we have flat year-over-year and been a bit challenged for us. And just as a reminder, that's what we have our giant accounts. Those were down a couple of million quarter-over-quarter this quarter. And we also have the U.S. commerce vertical and the U.S. number of bankruptcies this year, including a couple this quarter. So still a challenged area. And also, a lot of the repricings for consolidations that we talked about earlier -- in earlier quarters are in that area.

But I think the question would be, what do you have to believe to see growth accelerate in the U.S.? And I'll lump it to 3 main categories. The first one is what Mark mentioned earlier on his first question around OTT growth, which is traffic in general. We're seeing strong traffic in, not only just streaming video, but also music, OTT, social, et cetera, gaming. Then also Janrain. Janrain is a new addition, as Tom talked about, don't have a ton of penetration yet in the U.S. since it's a new security product. And then security, in general, when you look at enterprise, which is really in the early days. And also, new customer acquisitions. We've done a pretty nice job in the last couple of quarters of increasing our new customer acquisition, and most of that's being led by security. So those would be the things you have to believe in order to start to see the U.S. growth rate increasing as we go into the future.

And as far as international growth, that's been very strong, as you pointed out, and a lot of that has to do with the fact that we've made some significant investments in GTM, go to market, over the last couple of years, and we're starting to see that pay off. Very strong growth in Asia across all of our products, including media, our web products as well as security, seeing very solid growth in EMEA. And then also, Latin America and Middle East, we see a big opportunity to continue our growth as evidenced by our Exceda acquisition.

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Operator [8]

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Our next question comes from Will Power of Baird.

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William Verity Power, Robert W. Baird & Co. Incorporated, Research Division - Senior Research Analyst [9]

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Okay. Great. Yes. No, great to get to see and hear the commentary on the expected traffic in Q3, opportunities in Q4. I guess maybe just kind of following up, just kind of thinking about the media in Carrier division, the revenue growth opportunity. We can still see the overall media revenue growth decelerate a bit year-over-year, I think up 2% or 3% constant currency. And it sounds like -- and maybe I'd love to get a little more color on this. How much of that is tied to the pricing renewals and what you're seeing on that front given the positive traffic commentary? And then how do we think about that into Q4? I mean is that -- can it start to inflect? Or are you still going to have pricing renewal pressure? How do we think about that media revenue growth trajectory as we go into Q4 and then into 2020?

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Edward J. McGowan, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [10]

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Yes. Good question, Will. I'd say there's 2 factors when you look at kind of the year-over-year. One is we had a really strong year in media. Last year is a little bit tougher comps. But really, pricing is the main driver. We've called out for the last several quarters, there was a number of very large renewals that we went through for consolidations that we hadn't seen of this magnitude in the industry. So that was something that definitely was making the growth cost much harder.

In terms of pricing renewals going into Q4, we factored everything into our guidance. I think if you look at the OTT launches, we factored in some growth associated with that. Given that they're in November, there's just not a ton of time left in the quarter, so not a huge expectation there.

And then with our giant customers, we had talked in the earlier quarter about the fact that we had a couple of renewals this quarter, and we're expected to be down $3 million to $4 million. We actually were only down about $2 million. So it did a little bit better there, and we expect that to be up a couple of million next quarter.

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William Verity Power, Robert W. Baird & Co. Incorporated, Research Division - Senior Research Analyst [11]

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Okay. If I could maybe just squeeze one more in. Tom, you gave a lot of great examples of some of the things you're doing on the Edge today. As you look forward, what are some of the Edge applications that get you're most excited? And is there any tied to 5G as an example? And what better positions you for those applications versus some of your competitors, perhaps?

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F. Thomson Leighton, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Co-Founder, CEO & Director [12]

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Yes. Pretty much everything -- all of -- everything we're doing involves Edge computing in some way. Certainly, everything we're doing involves the Edge, and the Edge enhances pretty much everything that we're doing.

As we look towards 5G, I think that's really exciting in terms of enabling new kinds of applications around the Internet of Things. There's been a lot of buzz about IoT. But so far, we haven't seen so many killer applications, but I think that could be in the process of changing.

As we look across our customer base, I would say a lot of our customers in several different verticals are now engaged in projects involving IoT. Sensors and sneakers, sensors and clothing or sports equipment, sensors on price tags, obviously, cars, obviously, mobile devices and gaming, big IoT potential markets. And the reason, I think, 5G is helpful here is because it will allow many billions more of devices to connect. The latency will be much lower across the air than it is for 3 and 4G, and the throughput will be higher. So that means you get more devices can communicate more effectively, and that's enabling, I think, for some of these -- at the same time, people are coming up with these IoT applications, and I think that can be very exciting.

Now one of the nice things about 5G is that I think it makes it even more important that you have a real Edge network and not an Edge platform in name only, which we hear a lot from our competition, but a platform where you're really close to the last mile, you're deep inside the carriers and the cellular networks that are offering this capability. And Akamai is really unique in that context.

And once the latency is lower in the last mile and you have higher throughput, now you really can take advantage of applications with low latency and high throughput if you really have an Edge platform. And because there you have the capacity in the last mile and you're close to it, you have low latency. If you're trying to serve out of the core data centers, you're still going to have latency problems even when 5G comes, and you're still going to have throughput problems even when you get better throughput in the last mile. And I think that's a key reason why you see Akamai being so much more successful in such a larger scale than some of these other companies that are serving out of core data centers at, of course, much lower volumes. And it's the Edge platform that makes the difference, and that is our competitive -- a major competitive advantage. It really is the edge. It's not just a marketing tool.

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Operator [13]

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And our next question comes from Sterling Auty of JPMorgan.

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Sterling Auty, JP Morgan Chase & Co, Research Division - Senior Analyst [14]

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One question, one follow-up. So on the OTT, before we even get to these 2 couple of major launches, can you just set the context and give us an idea how big has OTT gotten within Media and Carrier or however you want to describe it? Have we gotten to the point that it's material even before these big launches?

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Edward J. McGowan, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [15]

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Okay. Sterling, this is Ed. Yes, so we've always talked about how video is our largest source of traffic and it's our fastest-growing source of traffic. So OTT is a pretty big part of the Media and Carrier business today. We do a ton with live sports. Part of the strength we saw in Europe was as a result of folks that have sports rights. I didn't see any slowdown there, see the audience size is growing. We do several live television offerings of linear television as well as a lot of video-on-demand. So it's been a very strong part of our business and continuing to grow. We're seeing some pretty good signs in terms of user adoption, bit rates increasing and traffic growing.

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Sterling Auty, JP Morgan Chase & Co, Research Division - Senior Analyst [16]

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All right. Great. And then one follow-up would be, I can't remember if you touched on your prepared remarks. But just the web performance has been an area that has kind of weighed on the company. But if I try to take a stab at what the security portion is and back that out, it looks like the web performance side is starting to stabilize. Is there any additional color you can give to -- is that really the case? And what's driving maybe a little bit of improvement there?

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Edward J. McGowan, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [17]

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Yes. I think there's 2 things in the web performance business that is driving the performance that you're seeing. One is obviously security. And you're right to point out, that's been the primary driver. But also, we're seeing really strong growth internationally, both in Europe and Asia. So it's -- U.S. has really been the problem for us in terms of the U.S. commerce vertical, so we're not ready to declare victory there yet. There's still some room to go there. And as I've mentioned, there was a couple of bankruptcies this quarter. There has been probably over 10 so far this year. So still troubled vertical for us. So until that really stabilizes, I think it's tough to say that we're completely out of the woods on that part of the business. But again, we're seeing really strong security in web performance, and Europe and Asia has been pretty strong for us.

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Operator [18]

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Our next question comes from Michael Turits with Raymond James.

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Michael Turits, Raymond James & Associates, Inc., Research Division - MD of Equity Research & Infrastructure Software Analyst [19]

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Tom, I wanted to ask you about another area of security that you didn't mention. I think that you talked about launching a secure web gateway at your conference this summer. So does that put you into competition with some of the other network security providers that are looking to do security from the Internet, like a Zscaler or Palo Alto? And how are you going about that? .

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F. Thomson Leighton, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Co-Founder, CEO & Director [20]

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Yes. Secure web gateway is an important component in our enterprise threat protector solution. And yes, we are in competition with -- I would say the largest competitors are the traditional ways of doing things, where you have a secure web gateway that's a piece of hardware that you operate in a data center, or there's a cloud instance of it, and you operate it there. The legacy way of doing things or the traditional way of doing things is our largest competitor.

Zscaler would be our largest competitor, I think, in the future way of doing things. And we do compete actively with Zscaler both for enterprise threat protector, which includes a secure web gateway; and also enterprise application access, which is where you're providing the access or authenticating enterprise employees and devices to get them access. And we compete very successfully.

Big advantages that Akamai has are our enterprise platform. We have a much larger cloud security business overall, and so we're already engaged and trusted by the CSOs in the large enterprise organizations. We have our Kona Site Defender service, which I think is critical for really providing enterprise security and zero trust, and the competition that you mentioned doesn't have anything like that.

And I would say, lastly, performance matters for enterprises. And one of the big challenges with enterprise security that often keeps them from using products from some of the companies you mentioned is that when you turn it on, including a secure web gateway, it destroys your performance to the point where the employees object and especially if you're a global company and you don't want to use it. And of course, that's a problem. With Akamai being a performance company, when you turn on our security products, your performance gets better. In fact, we recently had some major customer wins where performance was identified by the customers, the reason that they chose us over the competition. So they get great Akamai security, but now their enterprise apps get faster for employees instead of slower.

So yes, we're competing against those companies, and I think, successfully.

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Michael Turits, Raymond James & Associates, Inc., Research Division - MD of Equity Research & Infrastructure Software Analyst [21]

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Okay. And then just, Ed, few on -- how far are we in terms of having built out the capacity we need for those launches and into 2020? And obviously, you haven't given guidance yet. But are we at the point where next year, we can start to get back to the long-term range for CapEx, both on a network basis and also whether or not there's any HQ leftover?

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Edward J. McGowan, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [22]

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Yes. So just on the HQ, we'll be moving into our HQ later this week, so there won't be anything material-related to the HQ from a CapEx perspective next year. At least, we don't anticipate anything.

And then on the build-out, we've been building out in advance, as we've talked about. And I think really what it's going to depend on is how much demand do we see. To the extent that we see significant demand, we may build a little bit more in the first half of the year to be prepared for that, but we have made pretty significant investments. Now expect us to be giving guidance but towards the higher end of our long-term range for CapEx here for the next several quarters.

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Operator [23]

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And our next question comes from Brad Zelnick of Crédit Suisse.

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Brad Alan Zelnick, Crédit Suisse AG, Research Division - MD [24]

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Congrats on a nice quarter, particularly in security. I wanted to follow up on one of Michael Turits' question as it relates to enterprise security and specifically competing with the likes of a Zscaler or a Palo Alto, which, by the way, both of those companies, their go to market slightly differs from one another. And I wanted to ask more about your routes to market for enterprise security.

And appreciating you've spoken a bit to this in the past. You've got strong carrier relationships more broadly across Akamai. You've got the traditional security VAR channel. Can you talk a little bit about how the go-to-market strategy is evolving as you continue to pick up steam in enterprise security?

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F. Thomson Leighton, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Co-Founder, CEO & Director [25]

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Yes, sure. Usually, with new products, especially if they're new to the industry, which they often are with Akamai, we'll go direct first through betas and really get the product development and establish market traction, and then it quickly extends to our channel.

In the area of enterprise security, there, I think we have even greater channel adoption and potential. I talked earlier about Comcast business' new Security Edge product. You may see it advertised on TV. That's Akamai underneath. And it provides a version of our Enterprise Threat Protector product that we talked about just a minute ago for small and medium businesses that Comcast business sells to small and medium businesses.

So I think you'll see us on the enterprise security side make even greater use of the channel than we already do with all of our other products. And in many cases, you'll see our products be white-labeled. And so you wouldn't initially know it's Akamai, but it's Akamai underneath.

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Brad Alan Zelnick, Crédit Suisse AG, Research Division - MD [26]

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If I could just follow up, particularly on M&A. It's nice to see not only the innovation you've been able to acquire, but what sounds like very efficient use of capital. As we look forward, how should we contemplate the possibility of Akamai making a larger acquisition in security? Now you've got a lot of cash on hand. And what directions might you look to build out the portfolio? Or rather than sharing your blueprints with us, are there any -- is there anywhere sacred where you absolutely wouldn't go?

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F. Thomson Leighton, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Co-Founder, CEO & Director [27]

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Yes. Obviously, we're going to be very judicious with anything that's a larger acquisition. It's not impossible we do something larger. In the area of security, valuations are pretty high today, and you're not going to see us do anything wacky in terms of the financials. We're very happy with our own capabilities. Where we see good technology that makes sense financially, we're going to buy it, and then we're going to develop it and bring it to market. And now with security business that's at our scale, we're in a really good position to do that.

In terms of direction, I think you'll see us continue to work in the mold that we've been working in, things that are natural adjacencies for us that complement our portfolio, the work that really benefit well from having a true Edge platform that will be synergistic with our customer base. And now that we're in enterprise security, I think that now stands to most major enterprises. Those are the areas where we'd be looking for.

Obviously, we care a lot about security, and that's broadly construed everything from protecting websites, for protecting applications protecting data centers, protecting identity, user information. We're now protecting enterprises. So I think building out in that area is obviously of interest.

And as you saw, we are purchasing Exceda, which is a leader in a different geography, where we want to see a lot more growth in our traditional businesses, content delivery and to some extent, web security.

So I think what you've seen us do is a good blueprint for what's coming. There will be acquisitions. They'll fit well and benefit from the Akamai Edge platform, and they'll be synergistic. They're not going to be nutty in terms of cost for things, given some of the valuations out there.

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Operator [28]

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And our next question comes from Lee Krowl of B. Riley FBR.

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Lee T. Krowl, B. Riley FBR, Inc., Research Division - Associate Analyst [29]

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Two quick questions. First, could you maybe provide us a little more commentary around the churn statements you kind of made in the prepared remarks? Curious if that's a function of bundling or maybe just better customer retention from a customer service standpoint.

And then, secondly, perhaps if you could maybe quantify both the revenue and OpEx associated with the 3 acquisitions you did in the quarter, maybe in Q3 and perhaps more on an annual run rate beyond Q4? .

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F. Thomson Leighton, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Co-Founder, CEO & Director [30]

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Yes. I think the record-low churn over the past 5 years, there's a lot of factors to that. It's the combination of products, which make a big difference to customers to get performance and security in a single platform and a single offer. That matters. It's the great quality that we provide, both in terms of enhancing the performance of an application and the security that really works. So the services are really strong and much better than you can get anywhere else on the market. And the great people with our services and support.

And we find, especially in the area of security with the attack vectors changing so rapidly, that our customers, which are major enterprises, they want to have an expert that they can talk to, that they trust in and can be engaged with them to make sure they stay ahead of the attacks. Because the attack environment is changing so rapidly out there, and so our services professionals are highly desired by our enterprise customers. And I think all those things put together have helped reduce what was already a very low churn rate. So it was low to start with. It's not a situation where we had any kind of churn problem. It's always been low single digits and now even better.

And Ed, do you want to talk about the revenue and the acquisitions?

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Edward J. McGowan, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [31]

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Yes, sure. So the ChameleonX and krypt.co acquisitions are immaterial. We're actually just going to absorb the headcount into our normal hiring plan, so no real impact on OpEx.

As far as revenue goes, going to be integrating those into our products. So don't expect any material revenue here, certainly in Q4 and then in 2020.

As far as Exceda goes, we talk about Q4 being about $2 million of revenue and about $0.01 dilutive as we go through the integration. And then what we've talked about in our press release we issued when we announced the deal, about $15 million of revenue for 2020, actually about $0.01 or $0.02 accretive to next year.

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Operator [32]

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Our next question comes from Alex Henderson with Needham.

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Alexander Henderson, Needham & Company, LLC, Research Division - Senior Analyst [33]

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So I was hoping you could talk a little bit about 2 things. One, the sequential increase in OpEx is a little steeper. I was wondering if you could give us a little bit of a waterfall what's embedded in that than what we've modeled.

And then the second one is on the international side. Obviously, you're getting some benefit from the Web 2.0 growth internationally versus the decline domestically. But can you talk about the split between domestic growth and security versus international? Is international security growing faster than domestic? And how do you see that playing out over the next year?

And then one last thing, if I could throw it in. Do you think 2020 going to be a much stronger year given the election year, Olympics year and all that sort of stuff? Can you talk a little bit about how you're feeling about 2020 versus 2019 at the full year?

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Edward J. McGowan, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [34]

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Sure. I'll take those. So first, we'll start with the sequential increase in OpEx. I talked to my prepared remarks that there's a number of things to factor into it. The first thing is, historically in Q4, we tend to see a pretty big jump in our sales incentive compensation plans related to folks hitting accelerators. And this year, we're having a good year, so we're anticipating a number of folks tripping into accelerators.

The other thing I talked about, a couple of million dollars of OpEx related to our building that pushed from Q3 to Q4, and then there's also the rent expense with the new building. So we'll be moving -- and I mentioned we'll be moving at the end of this week, so we'll have additional rent costs that go into the building as well. Those are the main drivers in terms of the sequential uptick in operating expenses. And also, we have our customer conference for Europe and Asia. We had our U.S. conference earlier on in the year.

In terms of the international versus the U.S. growth rates, we don't break those out, but it's safe to say that both of those are very strong and pretty similar, probably a little bit faster in international, especially in Asia.

And then your question on 2020 being a stronger year, we've talked about on some of our earlier calls, as we think about 2020, 2020 is an even year and an even year as we do tend to have more events. Next year, we have the Olympics as well as the presidential election. And if I look back to 2016, the last election, we did see a nice uptick in traffic. And typically, with events like the Olympics that tend to go over several weeks, we do get some additional revenue. Usually there, you're signing up a number of rights holders across the world. So it does tend to be a decent event, nothing overly material, but a decent event that adds to the growth rate.

And then as we talked about, obviously, there's a couple of OTT launches coming here in the next month as well as a few that are rumored to be coming in early 2020, and those will help our growth rate in 2020 as well.

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Operator [35]

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And our next question comes from James Fish of Piper Jaffray.

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James Edward Fish, Piper Jaffray Companies, Research Division - VP & Senior Research Analyst [36]

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Just quickly. Last quarter, you guys actually gave us greater clarity in the security business around customers across kind of the 3 main solutions of WAF, DDoS and BOT management. Any chance we can get an update on those customer accounts again? And also, what percentage of customers have one or more security solutions versus kind of stand-alone?

And if I can sneak in one more. It doesn't seem like you guys have many customers actually that are using both WAF and DDoS. Can you maybe go into why that is?

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F. Thomson Leighton, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Co-Founder, CEO & Director [37]

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Yes, we didn't give the exact counts last quarter, just wanted to give some kind of idea. We'll probably do that on an annual basis, give you updates there, but probably not every quarter. We are seeing fantastic growth in security, and we gave some of the highlights on this call.

Penetration. I think we have a lot of room for growth in the existing base because there's several different security capabilities. And I think now, over half the customers have at least one, but our preferred model would be to have several of the security products into all the accounts. So plenty of room for growth in the existing base. I can also add that we're seeing very strong growth of new customers, and that's being led by security.

And then I think the third question was customers with Prolexic and Kona maybe. Now Kona Site Defender also provides now service capabilities at the application layer. Prolexic is sort of specialized in that it does denial of service at the routing or IP layer, and that really is for protecting data centers that have other things going on besides a website. If you just have a website, you just have web traffic, then you wouldn't need Prolexic. You would simply be using Kona Site Defender and all the capabilities built on top of that. And so that maybe why you're looking at a smaller dual penetration. There's sort of different situations that you'd use them in.

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Operator [38]

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And the next question comes from Jeff Van Rhee of Craig-Hallum.

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Jeffrey Lee Van Rhee, Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC, Research Division - Partner & Senior Research Analyst [39]

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Just 2 quick cleanups for me then. I think you had commented around the network build and some of the CapEx that pushed to Q4. Just curious if that was in response to some variability in terms of demand forecast, maybe an OTT or from others that drove the push.

And then the second for me, I think last quarter, you commented on CDN and cloud security and said CDN flattish; and cloud security, I think you bumped to mid- to high 20s versus prior being mid-20s. Just comfortable if those are both the right way to think about that.

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Edward J. McGowan, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [40]

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Sure, I'll take those, Tom. On the network build side, it really wasn't a reflection of demand. It's really just the timing of the CapEx in terms of when it actually ride and when we reported the CapEx. So nothing there from a demand perspective, literally just a timing issue.

And then on the CDN being flattish for the year and then the guide on security, obviously we had a good quarter beyond securities, so probably closer to the high 20s for security for the year and still flattish on the CDN side.

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Operator [41]

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And our next question comes from Colby Syneseal with Cowen and Company.

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Jonathan David Charbonneau, Cowen and Company, LLC, Research Division - VP [42]

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Great. This is Jon on for Colby. Just a follow-up on M&A. How should we be thinking about the level of M&A you could do next year and still be able to achieve your 30% operating margin target?

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F. Thomson Leighton, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Co-Founder, CEO & Director [43]

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Yes, we're committed to doing 30% next year, and I don't see anything at this point that would change that. And we're very conscious of operating margins as we make acquisitions. And of course, as you've seen, we're continuing to make acquisitions. So it's not that we're not going to move forward on deals that we think make a lot of sense that can help our customers, but we're planning to meet 30% operating margins next year.

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Operator [44]

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And our next question comes from Tim Horan of Oppenheimer.

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Timothy Kelly Horan, Oppenheimer & Co. Inc., Research Division - MD and Senior Analyst [45]

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You're basically already at your margin kind of goals here. Do you think given the shift in business to security and other products that margins can kind of continue to trend up for a couple of years?

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F. Thomson Leighton, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Co-Founder, CEO & Director [46]

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We're not making guidance for margins past 2020. As I mentioned, we're committed to delivering 30% next year. And when we get to the beginning of next year, we'll see what we're thinking about in terms of the future. But we're also heavily focused on revenue growth. I think 30% is a good place for the company to operate. If we can do better, we're certainly going to do that. And I think you're on a good point that as security grows as a fraction of our overall revenue, that is very helpful for us because that's a very high-margin business.

Now of course, at the same time, as we make acquisitions and increase our investment for building innovative, new security products, that adds a lot of R&D OpEx. So you have the tension there. And right now, we're planning to operate at 30%. And if we change that for the future, we'll certainly let you know.

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Timothy Kelly Horan, Oppenheimer & Co. Inc., Research Division - MD and Senior Analyst [47]

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Do you think we've seen last year's secular shift in seasonality here given that the base is so much larger? Or what do you think caused it this summer? And have you seen that in the last couple of years?

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Edward J. McGowan, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [48]

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Yes. So as I talked about earlier, as I said, Tim, this was kind of an unusual year in terms of what we saw for traffic. Hopefully, that's a trend that continues. Always, Q4 is always the biggest seasonal quarter. We talk a lot about -- I think most people think about the online shopping season, and that is a factor for us. But also, we, over the last few years, have seen a really big uptick in seasonality related to media. Some of it has to do with lots of new devices coming online and a lot of firmware updates as well as sometimes you'll see some video packages that are bundled in with various hardware platforms and things like that. Also, you tend to see in the fourth quarter a lot of the gaming publishers try to get new game launches out. So I think we'll always have seasonality in the business. As far as Q3 goes, I would be expecting, as I think about a normal Q3 without events, that, that would be your seasonally slower quarter, and Q4 is always going to be your biggest quarter for traffic.

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Operator [49]

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And I'll turn the call back over to management.

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Tom Barth, Akamai Technologies, Inc. - Head of IR [50]

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Okay. Well, great. Well, thank you, everyone, for joining us this evening.

In closing, we'll be presenting at several investor conferences and events throughout the fourth quarter in both the U.S. and Europe. Details of these can be found in the Investor Relations section of Akamai.com.

Thank you for joining us, and have a great evening.

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Operator [51]

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Ladies and gentlemen, this concludes today's conference. Thank you for your participation. You may now disconnect.