U.S. Markets open in 9 hrs 13 mins

Edited Transcript of ANSS earnings conference call or presentation 6-Aug-19 12:30pm GMT

Q2 2019 ANSYS Inc Earnings Call

CANONSBURG Aug 9, 2019 (Thomson StreetEvents) -- Edited Transcript of ANSYS Inc earnings conference call or presentation Tuesday, August 6, 2019 at 12:30:00pm GMT

TEXT version of Transcript

================================================================================

Corporate Participants

================================================================================

* Ajei S. Gopal

ANSYS, Inc. - President, CEO & Director

* Annette N. Arribas

ANSYS, Inc. - Global IR & Insurance Officer

* Maria T. Shields

ANSYS, Inc. - CFO, Senior VP of Finance and Administration & Principal Accounting Officer

================================================================================

Conference Call Participants

================================================================================

* Adam Charles Borg

Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated, Research Division - Associate

* Gal Munda

Joh. Berenberg, Gossler & Co. KG, Research Division - Analyst

* Hoi-Fung Wong

Guggenheim Securities, LLC, Research Division - Senior Analyst

* Jackson Edmund Ader

JP Morgan Chase & Co, Research Division - Analyst

* Jason Vincent Celino

KeyBanc Capital Markets Inc., Research Division - Associate

* Jay Vleeschhouwer

Griffin Securities, Inc., Research Division - MD of Software Research

* Kenneth Richard Talanian

Evercore ISI Institutional Equities, Research Division - Analyst

* Matthew Charles Pfau

William Blair & Company L.L.C., Research Division - Analyst

* Nate Hitchcock

Needham & Company, LLC, Research Division - Research Analyst

* Robert Edward Simmons

RBC Capital Markets, LLC, Research Division - Senior Associate

* Steven Richard Koenig

Wedbush Securities Inc., Research Division - MD

* Tyler Maverick Radke

Citigroup Inc, Research Division - Senior Associate

================================================================================

Presentation

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Operator [1]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for standing by, and welcome to the ANSYS Second Quarter 2019 Earnings Conference Call. With us today are Ajei Gopal, Chief Executive Officer; Maria Shields, SVP and Chief Financial Officer; and Annette Arribas, Senior Director, Global Investor Relations. At this time, I would like to turn the call over to Ms. Arribas for some opening remarks.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Annette N. Arribas, ANSYS, Inc. - Global IR & Insurance Officer [2]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Good morning, everyone. Our earnings release and the related prepared remarks document have been posted on the homepage of our Investor Relations website this morning. They contain all the key financial information and supporting data relative to our second quarter financial results and business update as well as our Q2 2019 outlook and the key underlying assumptions.

I would like to remind everyone that in addition to any risks and uncertainties that we highlight during the course of this call, important factors that may affect our future results are discussed at length in our public filings with the SEC, all of which are also available via our website.

Additionally, the company's reported results should not be considered an indication of future performance as there are risks and uncertainties that could impact our business in the future. These statements are based upon our view of the business as of today, and ANSYS undertakes obligation to update any such information unless we do so in a public forum.

During this call, and in the prepared remarks, we'll be referring to non-GAAP financial measures unless otherwise stated. Please take any reference to revenue to mean revenue under ASC 606. A discussion of the various items that are excluded and a full reconciliation of GAAP to comparable non-GAAP financial measures under ASC 606 is included in this morning's earnings release materials and related Form 8-K.

In closing, I would like to remind everyone that our 2019 Investor Day will be held on Thursday, September 12, in Pittsburgh with a reception and technology showcase event the evening before. Further details around location, logistics, agenda and registration can be found on our IR website.

I would now like to turn the call over to our CEO, Ajei Gopal, for his opening remarks. Ajei?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ajei S. Gopal, ANSYS, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [3]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Thank you, Annette, and good morning, everyone. Q2 was another record-setting quarter for ANSYS. We surpassed the high end of our guidance in revenue as well as earnings per share, setting new Q2 records in each category.

Our ACV growth was excellent, coming in at mid-teens for the quarter in constant currency. Based on our outstanding financial performance and the strength of our pipeline, I'm excited to announce that we're raising our 2019 revenue, EPS and ACV guidance for the second time this year. Maria will provide the details shortly.

Our success over the past several quarters is due to a number of factors, including our strategy of making simulations pervasive across the product life cycle. That strategy is driving more simulation, and therefore, larger deals. We're operating across 2 vectors to increase the size of our deals: first, by enabling deeper penetration of a single physics through new use cases and users; and second, cross-selling our broad multiphysics portfolio to help customers address modern product challenges.

Let me give you an example of the first vector. In Q2, we closed a $49 million deal, the third largest in our history, with a South Korean high-tech leader. This, the largest single-physics deal in our history, demonstrates that we can significantly increase the size of our transactions with the power of our gold-standard solutions.

Moving to the second vector. As products become more complex, companies are increasingly addressing product challenges that involve multiple physics. That creates significant opportunities across our market-leading multiphysics portfolio. In Q2, we closed a large multiphysics deal with a U.S. Department of Defense prime contractor. In addition to our flagship physics solutions, our materials intelligence solutions from this year's Granta Design acquisition, coupled with the additive manufacturing applications built on the foundation from the 3DSIM acquisition, were key considerations in the deal to help them modernize their workforce and accelerate the development of complex systems. This is just one of many examples that demonstrates our technology leadership and the broad moat that separates us from our competitors.

On the partnership side, I was excited to discuss our alliance with SAP and the value that we are jointly bringing to customers during a presentation at SAP's Sapphire Now conference. During the conference, we heard how SAP's Predictive Engineering Insights Enabled by ANSYS has helped a customer to streamline its order time line from months to days. SAP representatives also joined me during June's Paris Air Show, where we showcased the benefits of digital twin technology with leaders from the aerospace and defense industry.

Our partnership with PTC, where ANSYS Discovery Live has been embedded into PTC's new Creo Simulation Live, is also gaining momentum. During its most recent earnings call, PTC reported that it has closed 76 transactions with an average deal size above the previous quarter's level. Our 2 companies collaborated at the defense contractor I mentioned earlier, resulting in PTC landing the largest ever Creo Simulation Live deal and the ANSYS team closing a substantial Discovery Live order. That contractor is noteworthy because it intends to deploy both Creo Simulation Live and ANSYS Discovery Live to potentially thousands of users across multiple business units. That demonstrates the opportunity for Discovery Live at some of the largest enterprises, where it complements traditional simulation and CAD offerings and drives even more value for users.

Staying with Discovery Live for a moment, I'm excited that this new product continues to garner accolades from the market as well as the media. The most recent recognition was from Fast Company, which in its September issue named ANSYS as one of the 50 Best Workplaces for Innovators for our development of this groundbreaking product.

In past earnings calls, I've highlighted specific products or solution areas in the ANSYS portfolio. For example, during our Q1 call, I spoke about how our gold-standard solutions like ANSYS HFSS and ANSYS RedHawk are driving success in their respective markets.

In Q2, I'd like to highlight the ANSYS solutions that are making autonomous vehicles a reality. With an estimated $7 trillion impact on the global economy by 2050, the financial implications of autonomous vehicles are considerable and will dramatically impact OEMs and the entire supply chain. Given the sophistication, complexity and safety-critical nature of these products, it is clear that they cannot be developed without the extensive use of simulation. As a result, we are seeing increased interest from automotive OEMs, A&D companies and their entire supply chains to make these next-generation vehicles a reality. And while there may be speculation around the timing of when truly autonomous vehicles will take to our roads and airways, the simulation work around autonomy is paying dividends in the form of ongoing improvements in vehicle safety, features and efficiency.

ANSYS' best-in-class multiphysics products, coupled with leading technologies that we've obtained through our recent acquisitions, including medini and OPTIS, are enabling automakers and aircraft manufacturers to virtually test their products to ensure safety and reliability for these future transportation systems.

In Q2, we announced a landmark deal with automotive leader, BMW, to create what we believe to be the industry's first holistic simulation toolchain for developing autonomous vehicle technologies. The toolchain will optimize valuable test data by providing a development framework around rigorous safety planning, efficient test-based exploration and data analytics in a virtual driving environment. Using this solution, the company expects to launch its highly automated BMW iNEXT in 2021. As part of this agreement, ANSYS will also assume exclusive rights to the BMW-developed portion of this toolchain for commercialization to the wider market.

Autonomy will affect multiple industries, including automotive and aerospace and defense. In Q2, we also announced an agreement with Airbus Defence and Space which will use ANSYS SCADE solutions to enable safety-critical controls with sophisticated artificial intelligence, with the goal of fully autonomous flight by 2030. Airbus plans to use our solutions to link traditional model-based software development with new AI-based workflows. Their goal is to drive the development and certification of drone flight control software to accelerate time to market and cut associated expenses.

We further expanded our product leadership in the simulation of autonomous systems with the Q2 release of ANSYS 2019 R2. In R2, we've expanded the capabilities of our VRXPERIENCE driving simulator to prepare advanced scenarios and run simulations with complete and accurate multibody vehicle dynamics. This innovation is already being used by automotive leader, Renault, to reduce physical testing, shorten time to market and ensure safety for its autonomous vehicle initiatives.

R2 also dramatically enhances capabilities crucial to the design and analysis of radar use in autonomous vehicles. Our new innovation around accelerated Doppler processing provides more than 100x speed-up for the time it takes to simulate radar systems. This new breakthrough capability delivers gold-standard accuracy and enhances collaboration between radar sensor designers and the OEMs that incorporate the sensors on vehicles.

Autonomous vehicles have the potential to fundamentally reshape the way we think about safety, mobility, land use and our environment. With our powerful multiphysics solutions and partnerships, I am excited that ANSYS is well positioned strategically and can play a role in making the dream of autonomous vehicles a reality. This represents a significant long-term market opportunity for ANSYS.

Switching gears, I'd like to welcome Lynn Ledwith as our Vice President of Marketing. Lynn has more than 30 years of experience and brings an outstanding track record across digital and field marketing as well as corporate branding. She has held marketing leadership positions at Worldwide Clinical Trials, Qlik Technologies, Sungard, Siemens and HP, amongst others. Lynn brings a fresh approach to how we market that will open new avenues to build demand and to branding.

In summary, I'm proud of what we've accomplished in Q2. Our excellent financial performance, coupled with the increased functionality of our gold-standard solutions and our ability to help customers take advantage of megatrends like autonomy, electrification, 5G, IoT and others, give us confidence in our ability to achieve our goals for the remainder of 2019 and beyond.

And with that, I'd like to turn the call over to Maria. Maria?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Maria T. Shields, ANSYS, Inc. - CFO, Senior VP of Finance and Administration & Principal Accounting Officer [4]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Thank you, Ajei. Good morning, everyone. Ajei shared a few highlights from our Q2 results, and now let me take a few minutes to add some additional perspective on our very strong second quarter financial performance and provide color around our outlook and key assumptions for Q3 and the remainder of 2019.

Consistent with our standard practice, my comments will be in terms of non-GAAP, unless I state otherwise.

Our record Q2 results reflect continued strong customer and business momentum combined with solid execution across the business. We finished the quarter with constant currency revenue growth of 23% and operating margin and EPS results that were both well above the high end of our Q2 guidance. The revenue performance in Q2 was driven by strong sales execution, including a larger dollar value of multi-year lease transactions and the closing of a few deals that were originally forecasted to close in the second half of the year.

The combination of our strong second quarter and first half results, which have been driven by success, most notably in high tech, automotive and A&D, and the strength of our pipeline gives us confidence that we are on a path to continue to make progress against our strategic priorities and to deliver another year of record financial performance in 2019.

Key financial metrics for the quarter begin with Q2 ACV of $326 million or constant currency growth of 14% and total revenue of $370.5 million. Key currency exchange rates were within the ranges that we provided with our Q2 guidance. The increase in software lease license sales, combined with strong maintenance renewals, contributed to building our deferred revenue and backlog to a Q2 total of $717 million, a 22% increase over last year's comparable balance and a new record Q2 high. The exceptionally strong top line results helped to drive a second quarter gross margin of 91% and an operating margin of 46%.

We also experienced a slightly slower pace of hiring than we had planned for the quarter. That being said, we did increase our employee base by approximately 100 employees in Q2. It's our intention to continue to execute on our hiring plans throughout the second half of the year.

We reported record second quarter EPS of $1.61 benefiting from the revenue overperformance and representing growth of 19% over Q2 of 2018.

With respect to taxes, our effective tax rate in Q2 was 19%, which was slightly below the range that we had guided coming into the quarter. Going forward, we expect our effective tax rate to be in the range of 20% to 21% for Q3 and 20% to 20.5% for the full year.

Our cash flow from operations totaled $89 million for the quarter and $240 million for the first half, and we closed Q2 with a total of $632 million in cash and short-term investments.

We repurchased 80,000 shares during the quarter, which leaves us with 3.5 million shares available for repurchase under the current authorized program.

Now let me turn to the topic of guidance. Coming off our exceptionally strong finish in Q2, we are initiating guidance for the third quarter and increasing our revenue, earnings and ACV outlook for 2019.

Before I get into specific numbers, let me just provide a few comments with respect to the impact of the ongoing trade discussions between the U.S. and China. I'd like to remind everyone that in 2018, our China business accounted for less than 5% of our total annual revenue and point out that our increased outlook for 2019 does take into consideration our reduced expectations from China.

Now let me move to the details of our outlook. For Q3, we expect non-GAAP revenue in the range of $320 million to $340 million and non-GAAP EPS in the range of $1.15 to $1.28.

For the full year, we're increasing our outlook to non-GAAP revenue in the range of $1.46 billion to $1.5 billion or constant currency growth in the range of 14% to 17% or 15% at the midpoint, and EPS in the range of $5.98 to $6.28.

We are also increasing our ACV outlook for 2019 to a range of $1.44 billion to $1.475 billion. This represents constant currency ACV growth of 10% to 13%.

Our outlook for the remainder of 2019 factors in everything that we are currently aware of with respect to ongoing trade discussions, political situations and customer sentiment across our geographically and industry-diverse customer base. It also reflects additional spending in the second half related to several business infrastructure and digital transformation projects, increased sales commissions and hiring costs that were delayed from the first half hiring shortfall.

With respect to annual operating cash flow, currently, we are maintaining our outlook for 2019 in the range of $470 million to $510 million. I would like to remind everyone that our outlook for operating cash flow in 2019 includes higher tax payments that relate to the acceleration of lease license revenue and the related profitability under ASC 606, including additional tax payments relating to the strong Q4 finish in 2018 and the first-year impact of the acquisitions that we closed earlier this year.

Looking ahead to Q3, we're expecting operating margins of 39% to 40%, and for the full year, we're expecting a slight uptick in operating margins in the range of 43.5% to 44.5%.

Further details around specific currency rates and other key assumptions that have been factored into our outlook for Q3 and 2019 are contained in the prepared remarks document.

The key takeaway from our Q2 and first half results is that our strategy to make simulation pervasive is working as evidenced by double-digit growth on both the top and bottom lines and strength across the business. Part of our confidence behind raising our guidance for the remainder of the year is based upon the continued momentum that we see from our diverse customer base. We believe that the megatrends that Ajei mentioned, along with industry-wide recognition that simulation can drive a competitive advantage for our customers, are bolstering demand for our products and services.

We remain confident that our continued focus on execution and investing in the business, combined with the ongoing growth in our recurring business, our strong customer relationships and healthy sales pipeline, provide a solid foundation to continue to deliver on our 2019 goals as well as our longer-term 2020 financial targets.

Operator, we will now open the phone lines to take questions.

================================================================================

Questions and Answers

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Operator [1]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(Operator Instructions) And our first question today comes from Ken Wong with Guggenheim.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Hoi-Fung Wong, Guggenheim Securities, LLC, Research Division - Senior Analyst [2]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

On the topic of China, could you tell us whether or not you guys saw any immediate impact in Q2? And then as we look ahead, you mentioned it was in guide -- you guys have factored in some conservatism in guide. Any chance you guys can help quantify what that headwind is?

And as far as kind of recent headlines, obviously the currency headlines right now, was that also already considered in the outlook?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Maria T. Shields, ANSYS, Inc. - CFO, Senior VP of Finance and Administration & Principal Accounting Officer [3]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Yes. So Ken, I'll take that. Yes, we did see a little bit of positive impact from the China situation in Q2, which helped to drive some of the overperformance in revenue. That being said, it wasn't material to the quarter. We have factored in a reduction in our expectations from the China business in the second half, I would say somewhere in the $5 million to $10 million range.

And yes, the -- what transpired relative to currency is all factored into the outlook that we gave last evening in our earnings announcement.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Hoi-Fung Wong, Guggenheim Securities, LLC, Research Division - Senior Analyst [4]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Got it. And then maybe a follow-up for Ajei. You mentioned the large single-physics deal, the $49 million multi-year deal. When you think about kind of similar type transactions in the past, is there an opportunity to turn this into a multiphysics type of a transaction? And typically, what kind of uplift could something like that deliver in terms of future results?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ajei S. Gopal, ANSYS, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [5]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Yes. There's always an opportunity for us to convert single-physics deals into multiphysics deals. Obviously, some of it depends on the use cases, so I'm speaking in generalities, but it depends on the use cases the customers are -- have for their specific application.

But I said, in general, as I said on the call, we're trying to expand deal sizes not only by focusing on single physics, as is the case with this one, but we're also trying to drive the multiphysics cross-sell across the organization. And those two work together. So even as we deepen single physics, we're continuing to look at broadening the multiphysics. And even in an organization which has a multiphysics sale, there's opportunities to deepen individual physics. So they're both working kind of work in parallel with each other. But absolutely, it's the basis of our ability to drive larger deals.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Operator [6]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

And our next question comes from Jay Vleeschhouwer with Griffin Securities.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Jay Vleeschhouwer, Griffin Securities, Inc., Research Division - MD of Software Research [7]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ajei, 2 questions for you. You noted the strength in high tech, which is quite evident, and you've also seen momentum in aero and auto, but you do seem to be -- see not quite the same growth in industrial equipment for the last couple of quarters or more. Perhaps you can talk about that end market and what your thinking is for the intermediate term in terms of the industrial market showing some improved momentum, that's the shorter-term question.

Long-term question, at the Design Automation Conference 2 months ago in Las Vegas, the ANSYS management, including your new CTO, gave a very interesting presentation on ANSYS' long-term technology vision. And there were references, for example, to things like new computational methods in new business areas, collaboration in cloud, services-based architecture, including interestingly, at least for me, SPDM services. So the question is with regard to that technology vision, how is that today informing your internal investments in R&D and perhaps even in sales and marketing to effectuate that longer-term vision?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ajei S. Gopal, ANSYS, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [8]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

So let me start with the second question first. As you know, we at ANSYS pride ourselves on the nature of our technology, the accuracy of our solutions and the effectiveness that we have in bringing new ideas and new technologies and new techniques to market, and we continue to make investments. And obviously, Jay, what you're referring to and what you saw is a glimpse into some of the work that we're doing within our organization to continue to drive innovation. You mentioned the cloud. Obviously, we're continuing to make investments in the cloud. We continue to drive product -- product capabilities in the cloud. We have most recently an announcement, I think a couple of quarters ago, for ANSYS Cloud, which is obviously driving -- which is driving cloud usage as well as, of course, HPC usage within the traditional data center.

We've talked about investments that we're making in computational techniques that result in faster speed-up of our algorithms. We continue to make investments. In fact, I referred to one of those investments where we were able to get 100x speed-up in some of our capabilities in my script.

So I think that there is a significant amount of investment that we're making in a different set of vectors. You mentioned componentized architectures, and that obviously reflects the next generation as we invest in our platform activity. We have an industry-leading platform in the form of ANSYS Workbench and we continue to make investments in that technology as well.

So there's a number of different investments we're making in machine learning, artificial intelligence, big data analytics, all of which we think support our business and make us most successful. So that's obviously the case and you're seeing some of that and I'm glad you were able to see that presentation.

As far as the industry verticals are concerned, what I'm excited about, of course, is the growth that we're seeing in the high-tech markets, aerospace and defense and automotive. And all of these areas are driving business. There's a significant level of industry focus on those areas, and frankly, those constitute tailwinds that are driving the growth of our business. And we're excited about the activity that's taking place, and the activity that's taking place really permeates the entire supply chain. And in many cases, as you know, when we think about the end markets, we refer to customers where they belong, even though from -- an electronics company might be supplying other companies elsewhere in the supply chain as well. So I hope that answers your question.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Operator [9]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

And our next question comes from Matt Pfau with William Blair.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Matthew Charles Pfau, William Blair & Company L.L.C., Research Division - Analyst [10]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Just wanted to get some additional detail on how you're driving deeper penetration with single-physics products within your customer base. And I guess I'm trying to understand, are you gaining additional business units? Are you getting new types of engineers to use ANSYS? Or are there competitive displacements? Some additional detail there would be helpful.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ajei S. Gopal, ANSYS, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [11]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

So usually, what happens is, firstly, there are obviously 2 vectors. One is there are more users using the technology and there's more usage of that technology, and that might be in more use cases. That may be in more complex products that require greater amounts of simulation. Our sales teams engage with the customers. We try to understand the nature of the technologies -- the nature of the problems that they're trying to solve and we are obviously effective in positioning simulation as a way of being able to address some of their challenges. And so as they take on more and more different products, in some cases across different departments, across different parts of their organization, the success that we're enjoying in one part of the organization starts to become infectious across that organization. And so I think that that's one important dimension.

The other thing to realize is as products become more complex, the amount of simulation required to validate or to effectively launch those products increases and that requires more simulation to be run. So that's greater use of HPC, high-performance computing, and that translates obviously into ultimately more business for ANSYS.

And so it's more users, it's more use cases, it's more HPC, all of which drive the use within a single physics.

And then of course, as I've said before, problems tend to be multiphysics in nature, especially for larger companies that are looking at systems and broader products. And in that case, we're able to then leverage a single-physics into a multiphysics sale.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Operator [12]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

And our next question comes from Sterling Auty with JPMorgan.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Jackson Edmund Ader, JP Morgan Chase & Co, Research Division - Analyst [13]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

This is Jackson Ader on for Sterling this morning. If we could just touch -- maybe going back to the streets, if we take autonomous driving out of the automotive sector, how does the maybe traditional simulation in the automotive space, particularly in the U.S., look in the first half of '19 and then for the second half?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ajei S. Gopal, ANSYS, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [14]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

So if -- when we think about the automotive industry, the 2 broad trends, I would say, that are perhaps addressing and changing the way that the automotive industry thinks, the first is electrification and the use of electric power to drive these cars, and the second is autonomy and the use of -- and the creation of safer and smarter cars leading ultimately to autonomous cars. And both of those are massive -- there's massive levels of investment in both of those areas. And if you have a conversation with an automotive company, those 2 areas tend to be huge areas where they're spending money, they're retooling, they are trying to make sure that they can stay ahead as the industry goes through this transition. So those remain big.

But at the same time, car companies are building cars. So they're still worried about the fundamentals that they've worried about for many years, which include how you deal with structural analysis and integrity. But to give you one example, the problems of structures and vibration analysis and noise is an area that we've been in for a number of years. We've helped customers solve that problem.

Well, when you move to an electric car, that problem becomes even more pronounced. And so what might have been okay with an internal combustion engine, which was drowning out the noise in a car, is no longer okay when you're dealing with an electric car, which might be much quieter. So the problems that they're dealing with and they're trying to solve, in some cases, are even more complex because of this new technology. And so absolutely, we see an ongoing demand for simulation to be used not only where it's historically been used, but also for these incremental new use cases like electrification and autonomy.

The other thing that I would draw attention to is materials. I mean companies are starting to look at the use of different materials, and understanding the role of materials and the nature of the interaction between the material they use and the outcome that they get, that's also important. And of course, that's where some of the acquisitions and technology that we got through Granta come in to play a role. So when I think about the automotive industry, every single one of our technologies and techniques, whether it was original ANSYS Mechanical, which was the heritage and the foundation of the company, to the most recent acquired technologies that we have, are all relevant for the automotive industry and are solving problems that are absolutely pertinent and center to them being successful as they go forward in the industry.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Jackson Edmund Ader, JP Morgan Chase & Co, Research Division - Analyst [15]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Okay. Great. One quick follow-up for you, Maria, just on the cash flow. I think we want to make sure we're clear. So are these large lease deals that you signed in the first half or particularly in the second half, are they leading to larger tax payments than you previously contemplated and that's why the operating cash flow guidance has remained unchanged?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Maria T. Shields, ANSYS, Inc. - CFO, Senior VP of Finance and Administration & Principal Accounting Officer [16]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

No. So just to be clear, that deal was actually in our forecast. It wasn't an outlier. But that being said, as we began to articulate in Q1, that under 606, no doubt, the tax payments have increased. So as a result, the combination of the increase in tax payments under 606 as well as about a 2% headwind for the full year and the dilutive impact on cash flows from the acquisitions that we did earlier in the year, all lead to us deciding that it's probably prudent not to take up the cash flow guidance until we get a sense of the timing around closing of those larger deals in the second half to see whether or not they will impact 2019 cash flows or move into Q1 of 2020.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Operator [17]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

And our next question comes from Ken Talanian with Evercore ISI.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Kenneth Richard Talanian, Evercore ISI Institutional Equities, Research Division - Analyst [18]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

I was wondering if you could give us a sense for how you're thinking about organic ACV growth for the remainder of the year?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Maria T. Shields, ANSYS, Inc. - CFO, Senior VP of Finance and Administration & Principal Accounting Officer [19]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Yes. I would say the impact -- the inorganic impact of the acquisitions that we did this year are about 3%. So the remainder is all organic.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Kenneth Richard Talanian, Evercore ISI Institutional Equities, Research Division - Analyst [20]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Okay. Great. And then Ajei, it sounds like R2 offers a more integrated workflow than available before. Could you discuss where you are more broadly in terms of technical integration for both your existing products and recent acquisitions?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ajei S. Gopal, ANSYS, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [21]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Well, as you know, we have had a strategy for a number of years that we've been executing against to integrate our products together through the ANSYS Workbench, and that continues to be the strategy. It was a very innovative solution that make -- that made simulation dramatically easier, and it gave us a framework and a mechanism by which new technologies could be integrated together. And frankly, our strategy continues to be to drive that level of platform integration both through Workbench. And as I said earlier, we continue to invest in our ongoing platform work to componentize the platform, to make it easier for people to drive that level of integration because we believe an open strategy here is in the best interests of ANSYS and our customers. So we define APIs. We allow third parties to integrate in. We certainly integrate our technologies together when we define workflows, and we continue to do that. And that's part of the strategy that we have had for a number of years. Of course, we continue to increase our level of investment in that.

When you think about some of these next-generation challenges that we're addressing with our customers, I mentioned electrification, I mentioned autonomy, 5G, et cetera, these are also intrinsically multiphysics solutions which require an integrated workflow. And we're able to position and provide those to our customers as well based on the integration work we've done across our products.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Operator [22]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

And our next question comes from Steve Koenig with Wedbush Securities.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Steven Richard Koenig, Wedbush Securities Inc., Research Division - MD [23]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Congratulations on a great quarter. I got one for Maria and a follow-up for Ajei, if you don't mind as well.

So for Maria, we've been hearing from some other companies about maybe selected weakness in certain countries maybe towards the end of the quarter and some sort of kind of nonlinearity from some people in certain countries. Did you see any pockets of weakness or was everything pretty much good across most every country? And what does your linearity look like?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Maria T. Shields, ANSYS, Inc. - CFO, Senior VP of Finance and Administration & Principal Accounting Officer [24]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Yes. So I would say the linearity was about the same as we've experienced throughout 2018 and Q1 of 2019. I can't speak to any specific country that we saw weakness at the end. Obviously, the tariff situation in China, but we've got enough resiliency in the model from our geographic and our vertical distribution that we were able to execute against our forecast and closed successfully. And as you saw, each of the major geographies delivered double-digit constant currency revenue growth. So we feel good about our execution in Q2. And obviously, as we've taken up our guide on all of our key metrics for earnings, ACV and revenues for the full year, we still see a lot of momentum and we've got a healthy pipeline. So now we just need to focus on execution for the remainder of the year.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Steven Richard Koenig, Wedbush Securities Inc., Research Division - MD [25]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Got it. Got it. Great. And for you, Ajei, could you give us some color on the Discovery Live activity that you're seeing and like what's the value proposition for Discovery Live? And maybe distinguish that from the value prop for the situations in which you're selling as part of the PTC CAD workflow.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ajei S. Gopal, ANSYS, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [26]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

I mean the value proposition for Discovery Live is really unchanged from what it's been and what I've described in the past, namely, Discovery Live offers an individual a very quick way, a real-time way, of getting a directionally accurate solution in -- or an analysis of a particular problem. The real-time nature of Discovery Live is what makes it so valuable. And the fact that it's so intuitive to use and so easy to use is what makes Discovery Live accurate.

Now we found that there are use cases certainly where customers or users are completely new to simulation will see the benefit of the use of Discovery Live, and there are -- we have cases where that's the case.

And we also have other cases where Discovery Live is being used by much -- by people who are much more adept -- who have used simulation in the past, in fact are able to use the ANSYS flagship tools as part of their day-to-day work, but are using Discovery Live to give them a directional idea of where they need to apply deeper levels of simulation. And obviously, as I said, the value proposition for Discovery Live is it gives them that immediate feedback without having to do the deeper analysis. And then they can use that immediate feedback to figure out where they should start looking to do deeper analysis.

So we see both of those kinds of use cases. Certainly, when you think about enterprise customers, you see exactly that because there are people within larger enterprise organizations who are users of ANSYS, and you see people in there who are taking advantage of Discovery Live who are not currently users of the ANSYS suite but take advantage of Discovery Live to give them insight -- simulation-based insight.

Now as far as the coexistence with PTC is concerned, as an example, in CAD, or in general with CAD, there are some -- there's a cadre of users who are using CAD from their vendor. And what we are in a position to do in that model with PTC, of course, is to make Discovery Live capabilities visible to the CAD user natively. So someone who's laying out a CAD design will be able to use the PTC Creo Simulate Live solutions to be able to quickly iterate and that gives them, obviously, an integrated workflow within the PTC solution, and so that's an advantage.

But there are also users, as I pointed out in the case of the defense -- DoD contractor that I referred to in my script, there are also users who are not currently CAD users. And we have a situation where -- in that case, where the customer made a decision to purchase both Discovery Live as well as PTC Creo Simulate Live. They are trying to strategically drive upfront simulation across the supply chain both internally and externally, and what they want to try to do is to get every single engineer to be able to run their own simulation, whether they're a simulation expert or not, so that they can get to more rapid and informed decisions early. And as I said, in that situation, we expect to see potentially hundreds or thousands of engineers across multiple business units taking advantage of simulation. In some cases, they'll be CAD users using the PTC solution; in some cases, they won't be CAD users and they will be taking advantage of the Discovery Live solution.

And of course, if a customer is using another CAD solution, we have natural interconnections between Discovery Live and the other CAD solutions where you have the ability to take advantage of both technologies in parallel.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Operator [27]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Our next question comes from Tyler Radke with Citi.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Tyler Maverick Radke, Citigroup Inc, Research Division - Senior Associate [28]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

You touched on China and it obviously sounds like you didn't see much macro weakness broadly in Q2. I guess my question is, have you seen any changes here in the first month or 5 weeks since you've closed Q2? And how are you just thinking about the ability to close large deals in the second half of the year relative to the first half just given a potentially weaker macro backdrop?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ajei S. Gopal, ANSYS, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [29]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

I mean I think the -- Maria's comments actually said it very clearly. We have looked closely at our pipeline, and given where we are, the guidance that we're giving takes into account everything that we understand about our pipeline and what we understand about the macro and the situation in the trade discussions between the U.S. and China as well as the broader macro. So we're in a position -- our guidance is based on what we know now and what our analysis is based upon the circumstances that we see in the market today.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Tyler Maverick Radke, Citigroup Inc, Research Division - Senior Associate [30]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Great. And then you talked a lot about kind of some of the autonomous and electrification trends in the autos and high-tech end market. In addition, you talked about 5G. I guess just how far do you think we are through that opportunity? Is this a multiyear opportunity to come? Or how are you thinking about just where we are through the various stages of that?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ajei S. Gopal, ANSYS, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [31]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

All the ones that I mentioned, autonomy, electrification, 5G, IoT, all of these, I think, are very early in their development. We think we're broadly very early in their development. We certainly see customers who will make significant levels of investments in this over multiple years as products get better and better and as technology starts to improve.

Certainly, in the case of autonomous, as I mentioned and I alluded to I think in my script, I don't think you would -- you can get experts to agree on when the Level 5 full autonomy is going to be ready in the marketplace. Some people will say sooner, some people will say later. But the fact remains that on the path towards Level 5, full autonomy, there are all kinds of innovations which are being created that will make vehicles better and safer, and even partial autonomy starts to significantly improve the safety capabilities on the road. And simulation plays a significant role.

So this is a multiyear journey that the industry is on where simulation is going to play a huge role in autonomy. And I would make the observation, of course, that it's not just in automotive. It's aerospace, it's other industrial equipment. I think I talked in an earlier conference call about undersea equipment as well, so an autonomous submersible. So there are all kinds of areas where autonomy is applicable and there continues to be enormous amounts of work ahead of us as an industry.

Similarly for electrification, I could go through it in similar detail, and equally for 5G, equally for IoT. All of these are major, major megatrends that we believe to be multiyear trends that are, frankly, driving the growth of our core business. And so I think we're in a very enviable position as a company to have a core business that's in a very strong and actively growing part of the market and with products that are leading-edge products to be able to address customers' problems in these multiyear mega challenges that they're facing.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Operator [32]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

And our next question comes from Gal Munda with Berenberg Capital Markets.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Gal Munda, Joh. Berenberg, Gossler & Co. KG, Research Division - Analyst [33]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

So the first one is just for you guys in terms of the ability to forecast those large deals that are coming in. Now you've had the fourth deal above $30 million coming in, in less than 1.5 years. What have you learned from those deals?

And what is -- when you look at your pipeline and the potential for those deals to close kind of towards the end of the year, but even going forward, are you able to say you're more confident in kind of having the ability to predict when those deals might close considering the fact that we only really started a year and a bit ago?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ajei S. Gopal, ANSYS, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [34]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

I think that anytime you're looking at a pipeline and trying to predict exactly what happens in the pipeline, especially for some of these larger deals, it varies on an individual customer-by-customer basis. We're not assuming -- we obviously -- the ANSYS business, as you think about the overall volume, we do have a certain number of large deals and larger customers, but of course, we have a large amount of the business that's much more -- that's much smaller, more transactional in nature. And obviously, that's easier to predict because we know we have a law of large numbers of volumes working as -- when we're dealing with the more transactional piece of the business.

For the larger deals, of course, we understand exactly what the customer problem is. We know what the value proposition is. In many cases, we have been working with the customer for a while. We understand the challenges that they're dealing with, and we understand the compelling event that's driving them to spend the money with us. They're trying to make a particular product launch. They're trying to get some particular technology out to market. They're trying to compete in a different way in the market. All of these are major drivers, and they're spending money with us to help achieve these business objectives. And so when we link these business objectives with our understanding of the value that we can provide and we put it together, given the nature of the relationships we have with some of these customers, we can predict and we factor that in into our prediction of the pipeline. So it's a more -- it's a thoughtful analysis of where we are and that results in the guidance obviously that we give to you guys.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Gal Munda, Joh. Berenberg, Gossler & Co. KG, Research Division - Analyst [35]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

That's helpful. And then just as a follow-up, I've got a question on Discovery Live. It seems like from both commentary around you and what PTC has said recently, it's getting more traction, definitely. We understand that there's nothing material in the numbers, especially for this year. But could it become a more material driver of growth in, let's say, a year or so? Do you have expectations for that? Did you think that Discovery Live will take another few years in order to really ramp up in terms of the volume to move the needle?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ajei S. Gopal, ANSYS, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [36]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Yes. We will obviously be able to give you a longer discussion during Investor Day when we'll talk a little bit more about Discovery Live and the technology. But I think a quick way to think about it, Gal, is that in our industry, our customers tend to be quite conservative. And even for a breakthrough product like Discovery Live, our internal expectations are that it will take time for customers to take advantage of these technologies. And so as you rightly pointed out, it's not really a material part of our business as we think about it this year or in the short term. So we'll give you more insights and perhaps be able to address these questions and others during the Investor Day presentation in a couple of months -- next month.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Operator [37]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

And our next question comes from Adam Borg with Stifel.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Adam Charles Borg, Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated, Research Division - Associate [38]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Regarding services, so it's great to see the continued strong services momentum as you sell a broader platform to customers. And I was just curious about your plans to continue getting partners involved with services and how sustainable the recent trends and the 30% to 40% growth is.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ajei S. Gopal, ANSYS, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [39]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

So one of the areas -- one of the reasons why customers are looking to ANSYS for more services is that they [have thoughts] to solve some of these more complex problems. And we're able to help them understand, using services capabilities -- using our services capabilities, how to solve some of these next-generation problems. So they're looking to solve some of these complex problems. They're reaching out to us to help them do that, and that's why we provide services.

But as you know, our business model is not to be a services company. We're a software business. And services is not a big portion of our business and it's not going to be a big portion of our business going forward. Our plan is to work -- continue to work with third parties and partners as appropriate, and we're continuing to evaluate third parties to take on responsibility for some of these newer solution areas that customers are looking to. And we'll continue to drive our investments in our business where services drive license revenue. So that's the way you should think about the services business, and obviously, we don't see that services ratio really changing as a percentage of our overall revenue in the term.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Adam Charles Borg, Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated, Research Division - Associate [40]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

That's really helpful. And maybe just a quick follow-up for Maria. Could you just remind us for what the percentage of lease deals are that are 1 year versus multiyear? And what's the average duration for the multiyear deals?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Maria T. Shields, ANSYS, Inc. - CFO, Senior VP of Finance and Administration & Principal Accounting Officer [41]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Yes. We don't bifurcate between 1 year and multiyear. Today, the 1 year tend to be at the transactional level and the multiyear obviously tend to be at the enterprise and strategic level. And the second part of your question?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Annette N. Arribas, ANSYS, Inc. - Global IR & Insurance Officer [42]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Duration.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Maria T. Shields, ANSYS, Inc. - CFO, Senior VP of Finance and Administration & Principal Accounting Officer [43]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Duration hasn't really changed. I'd say those multiyear deals still tend to be between 2 and 3 years.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Operator [44]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Our next question comes from Rich Valera with Needham & Company.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Nate Hitchcock, Needham & Company, LLC, Research Division - Research Analyst [45]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

This is Nate Hitchcock on for Rich. Thinking about the simulation toolchain tech with BMW. The release noted that ANSYS will assume exclusive rights for commercialization. We were wondering if you've begun marketing this product or marketing this tech to other auto OEMs, or if you can share anything up regarding vision or plans in this space. And then I do have one follow-up.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ajei S. Gopal, ANSYS, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [46]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

We'll talk more about autonomy in general perhaps at our Investor Day, and you'll have a chance to understand a little bit more about -- perhaps, at a technical detail, about what we're doing in autonomy in general. But no, in essence, the direct answer to your question, that we're not marketing that externally at this point of time. We're working with BMW as they lead up to their launch of the BMW iNEXT, which is expected to launch within the next couple of years.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Nate Hitchcock, Needham & Company, LLC, Research Division - Research Analyst [47]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Okay. All right. And then also in 2Q, we saw very strong revenue year-over-year growth in other, Asia Pacific up 74% constant currency. And considering the point in the prepared remarks regarding some of the second half deals closing early or ahead of schedule, we're wondering if some of the strengths in the other Asia Pacific geography is as a result of companies buying ahead due to trade relations, or if you can provide really any additional detail here.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Maria T. Shields, ANSYS, Inc. - CFO, Senior VP of Finance and Administration & Principal Accounting Officer [48]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Yes. I would say it was driven by 2 things. Yes, some companies buying ahead, but that was a smaller portion. The other was the large transaction that Ajei referred to in his prepared remarks. So the impact of both are what drove the performance in those numbers that you referred to.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Operator [49]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

And our next question comes from Jason Celino with KeyBanc Capital.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Jason Vincent Celino, KeyBanc Capital Markets Inc., Research Division - Associate [50]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

When I look at Q3 guidance for operating margins, it kind of suggests 400 or 500 basis points of operating margin compression. Can you just talk about some of the investments you plan making, or at least the increase in spend, just a little more color?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Maria T. Shields, ANSYS, Inc. - CFO, Senior VP of Finance and Administration & Principal Accounting Officer [51]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Yes. So I would say, first of all, it's lower revenue is really the primary driver. But no doubt, if you heard my commentary in my remarks, we are in the second half contemplating continuing to hire and making up for some of the slower pace in the first half. We've got a number of digital transformation projects underway that we will continue to invest in heavily across the business, and of course, the impact of the acquisitions that we closed earlier. So a combination of all of those are what's driving the operating margin outlook for Q3 and the remainder of the year.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Operator [52]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Our next question comes from Robert Simmons with RBC.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Robert Edward Simmons, RBC Capital Markets, LLC, Research Division - Senior Associate [53]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Great. So if I can just mention, you've been behind on your hiring both Q1 and Q2, so a few questions on that. Are there particular areas that you're behind on or is it kind of across the board? And then kind of what's the bottleneck?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Maria T. Shields, ANSYS, Inc. - CFO, Senior VP of Finance and Administration & Principal Accounting Officer [54]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Yes. It's across the board. As I spoke on the last earnings call, Q1 was a combination of not only, I'll call it, a challenging hiring environment. And that's not just a domestic issue, that's really globally. But that was also impacted by, as you can imagine, when you do 2 acquisitions in a quarter, before we just keep the hiring pipeline open, we take a look at the new talent that has joined ANSYS to see if there's opportunities to fill open positions and to broaden some of our new teammates' responsibilities. So that slowed down some of the activity in Q1. As I said, we did hire 100 people in Q2 and the reality is we're going to continue to aggressively pursue our hiring plans throughout the remainder of the year. And we're recruiting for positions across the business, so there's no single function or part of the business that's disproportionately impacted. It's really across the business. And it is a more challenging hiring environment than we've seen, at least I've seen, in at least a decade.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Robert Edward Simmons, RBC Capital Markets, LLC, Research Division - Senior Associate [55]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Okay. Great. And then are you seeing turnover, people quitting, rising, or has that been pretty steady? And are you seeing wage demand is going up or it's just harder to find people?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Maria T. Shields, ANSYS, Inc. - CFO, Senior VP of Finance and Administration & Principal Accounting Officer [56]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Yes -- no. We've still got single-digit turnover. So we're able to retain, but it is the recruiting efforts that just take longer. And as you can imagine, sometimes when you have very highly talented employees who go to their existing employer and announce they're going to be leaving, their existing employers are getting more aggressive relative to what do they have to do to retain those people.

So it's tricky. We're continuing to find people. As you also know, we're looking for highly selective candidates in what we're hiring for. So it's not always easy to find them. But we're confident that we can continue to attract and retain our talent as we've done for almost 50 years now.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Operator [57]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

And ladies and gentlemen, this will conclude our question-and-answer session. I'd like to turn the conference back over to Ajei Gopal for any closing remarks.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ajei S. Gopal, ANSYS, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [58]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Thank you all for your questions. Before I sign off, I'd like to once again thank my colleagues at ANSYS as well as our channel partners around the world for all of their hard work and their efforts that are leading to our success. Thank you all so much, and for the rest of you, thank you for joining the call and please enjoy the rest of your day.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Operator [59]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The conference has now concluded. Thank you for attending today's presentation. You may now disconnect your lines at this time. Have a wonderful day.