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Edited Transcript of CNX earnings conference call or presentation 27-Apr-20 2:30pm GMT

·46 min read

Q1 2020 CNX Resources Corp Earnings Call CANONSBURG Jun 11, 2020 (Thomson StreetEvents) -- Edited Transcript of CNX Resources Corp earnings conference call or presentation Monday, April 27, 2020 at 2:30:00pm GMT TEXT version of Transcript ================================================================================ Corporate Participants ================================================================================ * Chad A. Griffith CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & COO * Donald W. Rush CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & CFO * Nicholas J. DeIuliis CNX Resources Corporation - President, CEO & Director * Tyler Lewis CNX Resources Corporation - VP of IR ================================================================================ Conference Call Participants ================================================================================ * Holly Meredith Barrett Stewart Scotiabank Global Banking and Markets, Research Division - Analyst * Sameer Hyderali Panjwani Tudor, Pickering, Holt & Co. Securities, Inc., Research Division - Director of Exploration and Production Research * Welles Westfeldt Fitzpatrick SunTrust Robinson Humphrey, Inc., Research Division - Analyst * Yevgeniya E. Trotsenko Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated, Research Division - Associate Analyst ================================================================================ Presentation -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [1] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Good day, and welcome to CNX Resources First Quarter 2020 Earnings Conference Call. (Operator Instructions) Please note today's event is being recorded. I would now like to turn the conference over to Tyler Lewis, Vice President of Investor Relations. Please go ahead, sir. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Tyler Lewis, CNX Resources Corporation - VP of IR [2] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thank you, and good morning to everybody. Welcome to CNX's first quarter conference call. We have on the call today Nick DeIuliis, our President and CEO; Don Rush, our Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer; and Chad Griffith, our Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer. Today, we will be discussing our first quarter results, and we have posted an updated slide presentation to our website. To remind everyone, CNX consolidates its results, which includes 100% of the results from CNX, CNX Gathering LLC and CNX Midstream Partners LP. Earlier this morning, CNX Midstream Partners, ticker CNXM, issued a separate press release. And as a reminder, they will have an earnings call at 11 a.m. Eastern today, which will require us to end our call no later than 10:50 a.m. The dial-in number for the CNXM call is 1 (888) 349-0097. As a reminder, any forward-looking statements we make or comments about future expectations are subject to business risks, which we have laid out for you in our press release today as well as in our previous Securities and Exchange Commission filings. We will begin our call today with prepared remarks by Nick, followed by Chad and then Don, and then we will open the call up for Q&A. With that, let me turn the call over to you, Nick. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Nicholas J. DeIuliis, CNX Resources Corporation - President, CEO & Director [3] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Okay. Thanks, Tyler. Good morning, everyone. Thank you for joining us. Hope that your families and institutions are doing well, managing the virus and all the challenges that come with it. And speaking of the virus, as we sit here at the end of April, it's hard not to think back to where we were at the end of January on our last quarterly call and consider just how much the world's changed in 3 short months. We've learned a lot, confirmed a lot that we already believed about our team, our company and our industry during this time. The way in which our team has responded to these unprecedented times, I think, is nothing short of remarkable. They're resilient, creative. They're driven. Our frontline field team welcomed the monikers of essential and life sustaining, and they never missed a beat. They keep producing and flowing the natural gas that our society and economy relies on in times like these. Similarly, our corporate team transitioned seamlessly to the remote work scenario, and they continue to provide top-notch support to the operations team. I'm tremendously proud of how we've taken our game to another level and answered the call on behalf of our fellow citizens during this time. And I want to take just a few minutes, at the outset, to thank our team and also say a word of thanks to all the other essential employees and businesses out there who are on the front lines doing their best to keep us all safe and healthy through the crisis, so thank you. We start going through some of the key highlights. I'm going to refer to the slide deck. I'm going to start with Slide 4 in the deck that we posted this morning. I think Slide 4 highlights important points that much of the additional items we're going to discuss will flow from. Those points on Slide 4, they're simple, but they're crucial. CNX is about optimizing the long-term NAV per share and the single biggest financial tool that we have at our disposal to do that is to generate free cash flow across our companies on a consolidated basis. And then we place that cash flow that we generate in the right places at the right times. So if we do those 3 things: focus on NAV per share, generate free cash flow and then allocate that cash flow at the places and during the right times that count, we're going to have our owners placed in a position to succeed. And this morning, we're providing a multiyear 7-year plan that demonstrates CNX and CNX Midstream are going to generate free cash flow year in and year out. Slide 5, that's another important piece of the puzzle because it shows the CNX approach is not just talk, but it is a functioning business model. There's a pretty extensive data set of accomplishments or actions standing behind it to back it up. Slide 5 shows that CNX has been in front of and leading on a lot of issues surrounding E&P for some time now. We executed a number of strategic transactions where we streamlined our business lines, divesting what was noncore and investing in what was core. We have been programmatically hedging for years. That has paid off. We -- from day 1, we're very wary of committing to long-term, take-or-pay, onerous FT that would hobble cash flows and balance sheet. We reduced our overhead spend significantly before it was a necessity or too late. We were the first in-basin to adopt technology like electric frac fleets. We've been obsessing on being a low-cost producer for a number of years now. We realize the strategic importance of retaining control of our midstream assets. And last but not least, we've been reducing debt and deleveraging for some time now. Slide 5, it shows how active Q1 and early Q2 have been on keeping our approach in action. There are a lot of items on Slide 5 for Q1 and Q2. Don and Chad are going to discuss many of them in a few minutes, but I just want to mention a couple now. First; and most important, Slide 7, I think, shows this. CNX was free cash flow positive to the tune of $129 million in Q1, and we anticipate that's going to be prelude for great things to come in the next few years. Now what drove the free cash flow for Q1? A lot of things, many of which I just mentioned, all of which manifest into our approach in action. Another key accomplishment in the quarter was our ability to tap capital markets at very attractive rates. As evidenced on Slide 8, with the Cardinal States Gathering project financing, where we raised $175 million at 6.5% interest rate. We talked about project financing in our prior earnings call, and you saw this deal secured despite a really challenging environment overall. I think that show the depth of our asset base and a strong position it occupies in the competitive commodity business that we operate within. Q1 also gave us a chance to show our capital allocation of free cash flow abilities that's summarized on Slide 9. We retired almost $80 million in 2022 notes at a significant bargain discount to par. This shows how powerful free cash flow can be in down cycles or chaotic times when short-term market pricing and market valuations disconnect from intrinsic value. Before I turn things over to Don and Chad, I did want to hit on 2 items. For the first, I'm going to ask you to flip back to Slide 5. And specifically, take a look at the 3 items that are listed at the bottom half of the slide. Today we roll out a 7-year business plan, which shows the power of this company in its approach in action. The key result to focus on of this plan is consolidated free cash flow across both CNX and CNX Midstream. That is the essence of how we drive our NAV per share and how we're able to effectively allocate capital. And just a couple of cliff-notes on the 7-year look before the team goes deeper into it. First, CNX and CNX Midstream, they are substantial free cash flow generators each and every year of the 7-year plan. That's true for the front year, 2020, where we expect to generate $300 million of free cash flow. That's true for next year, 2021, where we expect to generate $400 million of free cash flow. And that's true for 2022 and beyond, where we expect to generate, on average, $500 million per year of free cash flow. And that is certainly true, cumulatively, when we look to generate over $3 billion of free cash flow across the 2 companies in the next 7 years. Another point, this plan substantially delevers our balance sheet. That is already been in progress, as you know, but it's only going to continue through the rest of 2021 and onward. This plan over 7 years has a very manageable and very modest activity pace tied to it. It's a maintenance production plan for '22 and beyond, requires about 25 TILs and the $300 million in consolidated CapEx each year to achieve. Another key point. This plan, this plan in that modest pace, it leaves plenty of inventory in our Southwest PA Marcellus and leaves virtually untouched our Central Pennsylvania Utica inventory. So the core inventory is going to be extensive at the end of this 7-year plan. And last, the plan is based on the reality of the forward strip when it comes to natural gas pricing. If gas prices rally in the interim, the ability to throttle up is there, if and when we choose. So again, these are sort of the cliff-notes of the 7-year plan, and the team is going to go into much more detail in a few minutes, and the slide deck holds much of that information in it. Now the second and last thing I wanted to touch upon is summarized in the deck towards the back end of the slides. It starts on Slide 29 and beyond, and that's basically the chapter on how CNX is uniquely positioned and different. And I think the differentiation pops out across all kinds of different metrics. First, we're the most hedged and the most protected in this down cycle. You can see that summarized on Slide 31. If you go to Slide 32, the next one. Our cash costs, they're basin-leading, especially when you recognize that we control our midstream business, again as summarized on Slide 32. The balance sheet, I mentioned its strength. It's very strong, particularly when counting not just debt but also debt-like and onerous FT obligations. We illustrate that on Slides 33 and 34. That balance sheet is only going to get stronger with over $3 billion of free cash flow projected over the next 7 years. And then the last point, that free cash flow generation, year in and year out, it delivers very impressive free cash flow yields for CNX, and we highlight that on Slide 37. Impressive, not just within Appalachian E&P, and impressive, not just for all of E&P, but I think impressive when you compare us to other industries such as industrials, utilities and consumer staples. I think those cash yields show how CNX is more of a capital allocation firm than an E&P firm in some ways and that CNX is a great investment opportunity for investors beyond traditional energy investors. Now with that, I'm going to turn things over to Chad, who's going to go over some of the operational details. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chad A. Griffith, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & COO [4] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Okay. Thanks, Nick. I'm going to start on the 2020 plan update section. Slide 11 highlights that following the end of the first quarter, we completed our redetermination of the revolving credit facility at $1.9 billion with bank commitments at the same level. The reduction from the prior $2.1 billion commitment was driven by the Cardinal States project financing and the Q1 hedge monetization of $55 million that Nick discussed during his remarks. The RBL was favorably redetermined at this level despite lower bank price decks and the 2 transactions, maintaining plenty of liquidity for the company. As we work through the final days of the redetermination, the oil and gas space was being hit simultaneously by 2 generational shocks: first, OPEC and Russia began a price war, flooding the market with oil; and then secondly, COVID-19 became a global pandemic. I'll provide some additional detail as to how we're adjusting our day-to-day business as a result of those 2 major events. First, we took the health and safety of our workers very seriously. We were one of the first businesses in the region to send its office staff to work from home, and we quickly developed a response protocol in line with CDC recommendations to ensure our field employees continue to perform their essential roles while minimizing contagion risk and worked very closely with our service providers to ensure broad adoption of similar protocols. We will continue to monitor the situation and recommendations closely. And hopefully, soon, we can all begin working our way back to normal. As always, we are keeping a very close eye on the commodity markets. The flood of oil into the market and sudden collapse in demand for many types of refined fuels has put tremendous pressure on oil prices. Rig activity and frac crews on the oil patch are dropping rapidly. And with that drop in activity, associated gas will also decline, which is clearly good for natural gas prices. And we've seen a lot of strength return to prices for this coming winter and into 2021. But to us, the biggest question is how much oil will be shut in as we work our way out of this crisis. If oil and associated gas continue to flow during the summer, we expect gas prices to remain low but rally strong in the winter as existing wells decline and not replaced due to much lower rig activity. On the other hand, if oil storage is full and oil producers are forced to shut it now, we would expect associated gas to immediately disappear from the system and gas prices to be stronger over the next few months but then be pressured again when these oil wells are turned back online and as we come out of the crisis. Regardless of which way it plays out, we have plans to maximize our cash flow and our NAV. Slide 12 illustrates one extreme of that plan. Ordinarily, we would turn a well on as soon as it is ready to flow. The typical volatility in gas prices or the spread between summer and winter just aren't enough to justify waiting, but the current dynamics are so extreme and the price curve so steep that with certain wells, we would expect to make more cash flow and increase present value by shaping their near-term production profile in order to flow more of their production during the dramatically higher prices in winter and in 2021. Wet production, with the current pricing of NGLs and condensate and its higher operating cost due to processing, are prime candidates for this opportunity, but it could also apply to any brand-new shale well due to how front-loaded their production profiles are. We believe that CNX's ability to do this is unique amongst its peer group. Slide 13 illustrates the range of potential outcomes as we continually assess the changing market. If we shape our production into winter and 2021, we would expect 2020 production to be lower, and we've reflected that in the low end of our guidance range. The low case assumes delaying the turn-in line of 3 new pads and delaying production from our wet gas Shirley-Pennsboro field both until late fall. But on the other hand, if summer prices were to improve materially, we retain full flexibility to reaccelerate that production back into 2020, and that is captured in the high end of our production guidance range. However, even in that high case, we are assuming some partially delayed production from our wet production areas for 2 to 3 months as we work through the worst of the NGL and condensate market conditions. Slide 14 highlights some of the impacts of the oil situation NGLs. The issues for oil have also impaired the price for NGLs and condensate. While we're optimistic that this will resolve itself quickly, the storage overhang and rate of demand recovery are huge wild cards, so we've taken a very conservative approach in our guidance and assumed rock-bottom prices for the remainder of summer with very modest recovery into Q4. But please note that CNX is less impacted by this current dynamic because we have very low percentage of wet production and the ability to blend the portion of that wet production. Overall, we are assuming around 5% of our 2020 production is -- by revenue is wet gas. Slide 16 provides more details on our updated 2020 guidance. As already discussed, we are optimizing our production profile in 2020 and expect to fluctuate within this updated range as commodity markets evolve over the remainder of the year. We are also slightly reducing our capital budget, primarily as a result of improved service costs. CNX Midstream announced a reduction to the distribution this morning, which results in a reduction in our stand-alone EBITDAX of $50 million during the year. Despite our EBITDAX going down, we expect free cash flow to increase by $50 million. I will wrap my remarks up on Slide 17. Our midstream company, CNX Midstream Partners, is a strategic and very valuable part of the CNX enterprise. The company has completed a massive build-out in the Southwest PA operating region to support CNX's future development. Now that, that build-out is complete, the go-forward capital intensity of the company will be significantly lower, and they will maintain stable free cash flow from their fixed-fee commercial agreements. CNXM follows a similar philosophy at CNX and is focused on capital allocation and strong balance sheet. As I mentioned, this morning, they announced the reduction to its distribution, which increases cash retained to the company by $30 million each quarter. This will benefit their already best-in-class balance sheet and financial -- and their financial position moving forward. With that, I'll hand it over to Don. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Donald W. Rush, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & CFO [5] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thanks, Chad, and good morning, everyone. I would like to start by giving an update on our near-term maturity management plan. As you heard from Nick and Chad earlier and as you can see on Slide 19, we have made a tremendous amount of progress in just 1 quarter. In Q1 alone, we generated $300 million to use towards the 2022 bonds, and we expect to generate another $200 million in 2020 to effectively reduce our near-term maturity by over $500 million within this calendar year. And as mentioned previously, we have already bought back approximately 10% of our outstanding '22 bonds this year. Slide 20 shows how much our E&P net debt position changes by year-end 2020. And as you can see, the remaining $350 million of near-term maturities can easily be managed using free cash flow that is expected to be generated by CNX, protected by our hedge book prior to their maturity date. Looking forward, our liquidity -- looking forward to 2020, our liquidity remains strong, and our next bond maturity isn't until 2027 once the 2022 bonds are behind us. Those facts, coupled with our significant expected consolidated free cash flow generation capability, really are anticipated to set the company up with an ironclad balance sheet and significant free cash flow allocation optionality going forward. Slide 21 shows E&P debt and E&P leverage ratios improving in 2020, and we expect both to continue to improve materially with cash flow generated from the business as we move forward using the current NYMEX gas strip. This is a unique place to be in the E&P space. Slide 22 highlights that the debt markets are starting to recognize our balance sheet strength. As you can see on the slide, our 2022 bonds are trading very well, indicating that the market anticipates we can easily address them. Starting on Slide 24, I will begin discussing our 7-year outlook and the excitement of our go-forward business plan. And it is important to note that this plan is dependable since it is based on the forward gas prices as they exist today and on CapEx costs that we are already achieving, anchoring the numbers in reality and leaving plenty of upside as we move forward. But before I get into the numbers, I want to explain the rationale of the 7-year plan and really break it down into 2 pieces, as you can see on Slide 24. We've said for a while now that our hedge book not only protects us from downturns, but it also acts as a bridge and provides us the wherewithal to reposition the business for a lower-for-longer commodity strip, if that's what the future would hold. With the benefit of hindsight, that plan was clearly very effective. The $700 million of consolidated free cash flow generated across 2020 and 2021, backstopped by our hedge book, coupled with our cost structure, prior infrastructure investments, project financing, our midstream control and our team, has set us up to thrive in the near term and sets us up to thrive and produce significant free cash flow in years 2022 and beyond in the current lower than $2.50 gas strip that is out there today. None of our peers can make that claim. We are one of one in that regard. Chad has already laid out 2020, so I wanted to spend some time on 2021. As you can see on Slide 25, slide -- 2021 is setting up extremely well, and the moves we are making in 2020 are making it that much better. There's a lot of optimism out there on 2021 gas prices. And I can tell you that if it ends up being reality, we can easily increase our volumes to 600 Bcfe that year and produce more than the $400 million of consolidated free cash flow that we show. And unique to us, if 2021 gas prices are not higher, we can have a more conservative production profile and still produce the $400 million of free cash flow that we've laid out, and get ready for any price movement in 2022. Now that the business has matured into our current production profile, we will always maintain the ability to produce significant free cash flow in an up gas price cycle or down gas price cycle. That type of optionality will serve us well going forward. Now looking out to 2022 and beyond. Our business really becomes a very simple story, as you can begin to see on Slides 26 and 27. Our capital intensity and cost structure drop. We don't have any FT or other fixed cost obligations to grow into. We don't have large debt burdens to tackle, and we don't have expiring acres or inventory issues dictating our development pace. Basically, we methodically harvest our core areas at a pace of around 25 wells a year, on average, and produce significant free cash flow under the strip. And as you can see on Slide 28, we average $500 million a year with this plan. And I'm going to say it again as it's worth repeating, these projections are based on the go-forward gas forwards as they exist today. And as the slide shows, if gas prices get back to $2.75 to $3 range, the free cash flow numbers will grow even larger. And we do feel that over the long term, $3 gas prices make more sense than $2.40 gas prices do. Most companies in the E&P space are struggling to create business models that are free cash flow neutral at the current strip. Cash flow neutral under the strip is not a business strategy. It's more smoke and mirrors, which is why the debt, equity and private equity markets are skittish, to say the least, about our industry. They've been burdened too many times in the past. A goal of hoping to break even, refinance debt and then continuing to break even is not a strategy. If you're only running to pay leaseholders, GP&T companies, service companies and pay debtholders' interest, you've already lost, which is why we feel that, over the long term, if E&P companies are forced to use their own money to fund their own cash needs, prices will rise to support that. In conclusion, I would like to expand on some points that Nick touched on earlier today. CNX's go-forward business plan is unique and is very difficult to try and replicate. Our journey to get where we are was long, methodical and against the grain. We're proud of that, what we've accomplished and how we accomplished it. But we're not done, and the best is yet to come. While all of our peers are trying to survive a $2.50 type NYMEX gas price strip, CNX planned for it and now is built to excel in it. And the reasons we are, are due to the attributes you will find on Slide 30. Simply put, to be successful, you need high NRI Tier 1 acres. You need a best-in-class cost structure. You need a strong balance sheet and a nimble business model with low fixed cost that can adapt to changing commodity prices. You need well-thought-out and capitalized infrastructure. You need to control your own midstream destiny. You need substantial revenue prediction, and you need a forward-thinking proactive team from top to bottom which CNX has. These attributes are what allow us to have a rock-solid foundation case that generates substantial free cash flow, even in the low parts of the commodity cycle. And while we look good at the current strip, we will look even better in a higher gas price environment with even more free cash flow generation and a world-class inventory position to accelerate development and production when the time is right. Our large inventory of Tier 1 Southwest PA Marcellus acreage and our phenomenal CPA Utica acreage will allow us to capture any upside for a long time to come. These characteristics are what allow us to have the 7-year plan that we do. And in our mind, it is the only way you can be a successful E&P company over the long haul. All of this was built through years and years of hard work, and it ensures we are, by far, the best positioned to be the leader in this basin for years to come. And I am personally looking forward to a future where capital markets remain picky and where the private equity energy model is becoming extinct, a world where our peers in the E&P space can only spend money that their business generate -- that the businesses generate is a world in which CNX will dominate in. Slide 27 translates our annual free cash flow projections for 2021 into a free cash flow yield. As you can see, it is, by far, the best free cash flow yield among our Appalachian peer group and the best free cash flow yield in the mid-cap E&P space period. And remember, the 2021 cash flow yield shown here is protected by our best-in-class hedge book. Going forward in 2022 and beyond, our free cash flow yield climbs even higher into the mid-20% range at our current share price. Bottom line, when you couple our free cash flow yield with our strong balance sheet, it makes for a truly exceptional investment in any industry, let alone relative to our peers. And remember, CNX's guidance is based off of the current NYMEX gas strip. The takeaway box on Slide 38 sums it up perfectly. CNX is, by far, the best combination of a downside-protected company with an enormous amount of upside. And from a relative investment standpoint, it is hard to find a better opportunity right now in any industry. With that, I will turn it back over to Tyler. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Tyler Lewis, CNX Resources Corporation - VP of IR [6] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Great. Operator, if you could open the lineup, please, for Q&A at this time. ================================================================================ Questions and Answers -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [1] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (Operator Instructions) Our first question today will come from Welles Fitzpatrick of SunTrust. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Welles Westfeldt Fitzpatrick, SunTrust Robinson Humphrey, Inc., Research Division - Analyst [2] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thanks for the -- love the aggressively worded prepared remarks. It's a good guide. It's a good multiyear guide. On Page 25, you guys talk, obviously, to accelerating. Is that more a function of gas prices? Or is it a function of sort of the opportunity costs, whether that be your bond prices or other items getting less attractive? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Donald W. Rush, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & CFO [3] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. This is Don. I appreciate it, Welles. I think it's a combination of both. As you roll forward, you would assume that bond yields and those sorts of things would be better, right, if gas prices are better. So right now, we're thinking along the lines of really do you dispatch incremental crews to kind of accelerate some production. So that's very well within our control to do. As Chad laid out, predicting the future right now is as hard and as cloudy as ever, and the volatility of what it could be on the high side or the low side is pretty meaningful. So as we sit here today, we're kind of a wait-and-see mode. We have the ability to quickly -- to move up or down depending on how really the summer shakes out. And I think as we're sitting here in September or October, we'll have a pretty clear indication how the winter in 2021 is going to play out. And if it's on the bullish side of the thesis, which would be great, we have a really great opportunity to take advantage of that. And if it doesn't turn out to be that world, we have the ability to still produce a significant amount of free cash flow and sort of save some of that production and just stay steady state for longer. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Welles Westfeldt Fitzpatrick, SunTrust Robinson Humphrey, Inc., Research Division - Analyst [4] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Okay. And then on the production profile you talked about on 13 and the potential to choke back some wells in Shirley-Pennsboro, am I correct in assuming that if there are any sort of midstream or processing penalties related to that will be relatively de minimis? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chad A. Griffith, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & COO [5] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Well, there are some well commitments and volume commitments in that area. They are factored into the guidance numbers that we provided. We certainly were trying to work with those service providers to find ways to modify those where we'd both benefit, sort of find win-win solutions there, but there are minimal volume commitments in the Shirley-Pennsboro area. So those are out there. They're not huge, but they are out there. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Donald W. Rush, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & CFO [6] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- And you can see in the appendix where we go through some of our other operating expenses, there is a slight uptick in that. And like Chad said, it's factored into the all-in economics of these decisions and still including those from a -- just purely free cash -- near-term free cash flow standpoint over the next couple of years. It's a more accretive decision to go ahead and wait on some of this production, again as the strip exists today. If conditions change or processing things change, then maybe we change. But right now using the forward numbers, it makes just logical rational sense. It's difficult to, I guess, swim upstream and force some of this production and products in the places right now that aren't great prices. So if you have the ability and the capital structure to wait a little bit, it's the prudent choice. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [7] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Our next question comes from Sameer Panjwani of TPH. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sameer Hyderali Panjwani, Tudor, Pickering, Holt & Co. Securities, Inc., Research Division - Director of Exploration and Production Research [8] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- So when you think about the longer-term free cash flow and debt profile, the cumulative 2022 through 2026 free cash flow is expected to be above the cumulative outstanding debt after the 2022 maturity. So should we think about CNX transitioning to a no-debt business? Or is there a change in your thought on leverage? And with this transition, would it be fair to see or to think about CNX transitioning to more of a cash distribution model over time? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Donald W. Rush, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & CFO [9] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. So this is Don, so I'll answer that question in a couple of parts. So one, I think, again, talked a little bit about our hedge books historically being not only just, call it, return protection and near-term cash flow and leverage protection but really was a bridge to allow us to reposition the business and talked about being able to do that for a low gas price environment. But also, I think it was important and I don't think quite understood historically that it allowed us to change our capital structure over the course of this couple of years. I mean, I think it's pretty well-known and apparent that the goalpost for a healthy balance sheet in the E&P space has changed. So looking forward to where we need to position the business, we do think over '20 and '21, it allows us to get into, call it, a more optimal capital structure where our debt would sit there today. So for 2022 going forward, we'll obviously position the business and place the free cash flow in the best buckets that we should at the time. Sitting here today, it's hard to know which part of the puzzle that, that would -- the free cash flow that we generate will go into. I think the best way to think about it is look at what we've done historically. We've used free cash flow to pay down debt. We've used free cash flow to grow production. We've used free cash flow for whether it's infrastructure, land or acquisitions. We've used free cash flow to return capital to shareholders. So as a capital allocation firm, we're comfortable with taking that cash flow and putting it into the place that makes the most sense at that time. And to sum it up, it's -- we recognize the balance sheet and leverage ratio metrics for healthy E&P companies have changed. Like I mentioned, that's a good term -- good thing for us and for the long-term health of the industry, and we'll be ready and have a substantial amount of cash flow to invest in 2022 and beyond. And we'll stay true to our philosophies and follow the math on where it goes at that time. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sameer Hyderali Panjwani, Tudor, Pickering, Holt & Co. Securities, Inc., Research Division - Director of Exploration and Production Research [10] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- That's really helpful. And I'm sorry if I missed it in the prepared remarks, but did you quantify what that leverage profile would look like as you talked about the shift in goalposts here? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Donald W. Rush, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & CFO [11] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. So we talked -- I'm trying to figure out what slide it is. I'm sorry. I don't -- Slide 21. We have our leverage ratio going down to 2.1x at the end of the year and sort of dropping below that in '21. And clearly, with the free cash flow generating profile, I mean, if so necessary, like you mentioned, we could pay off all of our debt or if something more of a, call it, 1x or 1.5x is the right goalpost. Or again maybe by 2022 and you have different capital markets at that time to be more conducive to, call it, healthier gas prices and being more selective on who they get money to, then maybe that's something that you could be in. So somewhere in that range, I think, is where we're heading, and where we exactly land is hard to tell. It's pretty clear for us over the '20 and '21 with the optimal kind of use of incremental dollars are. And as we get beyond that point, hard to know when you know, but we'll react accordingly to the metrics and variables as they exist once we get into that, call it, back half of '21 and into 2022 time frame. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sameer Hyderali Panjwani, Tudor, Pickering, Holt & Co. Securities, Inc., Research Division - Director of Exploration and Production Research [12] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Okay, okay. Got it. And then as you lay out the maintenance program for that longer-term period, how should we think about the trajectory of the base decline over time and also the run rate of non-D&C spending? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Donald W. Rush, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & CFO [13] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. We lay it out a little bit on Slide 27 on sort of the non-D&C spending. So we've talked a lot about the last couple of years and tried to be as thorough as we could, explaining that some of the upfront investments that we were making in our water systems, in our land positions, in our infrastructure systems were really going to, call it, allow us a step change in cost and capital efficiency going forward. And I think you're starting to see that now that we've given even more transparency and clarity going forward. So step change meaningfully in non-D&C across consolidating both upstream and midstream going forward. And like you mentioned, the longer you stay in a maintenance of a production-type profile would be the, I guess, the lower your base decline gets over time. So we quoted the mid-30s. That will drop into around 20% then start to head into the mid-teens as you move along the curve towards the later part of the plans we laid out. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [14] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Our next question comes from Jane Trotsenko of Stifel. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yevgeniya E. Trotsenko, Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated, Research Division - Associate Analyst [15] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- My first question is on the second quarter. I just wanted to get a little bit more insight how this quarter is going -- is looking like, maybe in terms of production and I looked at Slide, I think, 13. If you could also comment on CapEx and completions. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chad A. Griffith, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & COO [16] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sure. So for the current quarter, Q2 that we're currently in and the production profile, we do not currently have any wells shut in today due to economic reasons, right? So that is something we're still assessing. We look at commodity prices every day, and we are looking at the exact right way to optimize that. But as I mentioned in my prepared remarks, we do assume that we will be curtailing an amount -- a certain amount of our wet production, probably beginning in May and lasting a minimum, call it, 2 to 3 months. So we'll be deferring that production into -- later into the year to take advantage of the much higher prices that are available then and generating more cash flow and increasing the present value of those wells. If gas prices continue to steep -- if the curve continues to steepen, that's where we start looking at deferring more of that production later in the year to even further increase the rates of return and the present value of those wells. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Donald W. Rush, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & CFO [17] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- And from a capital standpoint, it's fairly consistent as you roll through the rest of the year, so the Q1 number is sort of set. And as you think about Q2 to Q4, it's the difference between our guidance in Q1. It's fairly consistent across the year. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yevgeniya E. Trotsenko, Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated, Research Division - Associate Analyst [18] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- That's perfect. And it seems to me like you guys are not completing any wells in 2Q, right? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chad A. Griffith, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & COO [19] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Well, we will continue to have a -- we have a frac crew running consistently over the course of the year. That's pretty steady state. Where the real opportunity is, if gas prices really do run, we do have an opportunity to bring in a spot crew, and that's where some of the upper range of production opportunity comes in 2021. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Donald W. Rush, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & CFO [20] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- And the, call it, the production management optimization that we're looking at is really after wells completed and flushed out on sort of the water kind of flowback cycle, saving some of that upfront when you go into later. So we're not changing really the capital program meaningfully. We're keeping a smooth operating system. To Nick's earlier comments, we take seriously the essential part of the ecosystem of the business that the gas production is. So we're keeping things rolling. We're just trying to be thoughtful around the production flow management of these wells and trying to maximize margins and cash flows and then timing the bigger part of the wells and saving some of that for later, pending pricing stays, how it's shaped today. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yevgeniya E. Trotsenko, Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated, Research Division - Associate Analyst [21] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Okay, got it. My follow-up is more like on the medium term. Maybe you guys can talk about the well mix. So like, let's say, you guys are going to complete 25% of Utica wells and 75% of Marcellus wells like over the medium term. And how does West Virginia development is envisioned in this plan? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chad A. Griffith, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & COO [22] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Well, the details that we've laid out in the slide deck really is limited to 2020, where we have 34 wells we plan to turn online for the year and 12 Utica wells that we plan to turn online for the year. Really beyond that, the mix is really still to be determined as we look at what's the right mix between sort of wet gas and dry gas and where do we want to be. And really -- so as far as giving the details of what that alignment looks like over the long term, it's really still to be determined. We're going to follow the math. We're going to look at what the best rates of return are. We're going to look at the best areas for development, and that's where we're going to focus our D&C investment. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Donald W. Rush, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & CFO [23] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- And if you go back, we've talked a bit around just a little bit of the Southwest PA Utica is needed for funding. So that the one pad that we did this year, that's basically done and just one more that we would do into next year to help for blend. Beyond that, the bulk is just in the Southwest PA Marcellus. So the commentary of the '22 to '27 plan, we highlight that that's really just Southwest PA Marcellus with a little bit of CPA Utica in there. No need for blending in Southwest PA Utica into that plan. That's really just upside Southwest PA Utica, at that point, or call it, inventory extension at the end of life of the Marcellus over a decade from now. In near term, we talked on the last call that the Utica that we show on the TIL mix on Slide 13, we do -- we are doing another pad in Ohio, in our dry Utica over in Ohio, and the rest is really into the Marcellus here on Southwest PA with a little bit of the Shirley-Penns volumes. But as Chad said, some of that is getting shifted to the back half of this year into next year. So bulk of it, Southwest PA Marcellus; bulk of it, dry gas. But we have a lot of flexibility to add to the program in some of these other areas if gas prices warrant it. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yevgeniya E. Trotsenko, Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated, Research Division - Associate Analyst [24] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The last question, if I may, looking at Slide 25. What Henry Hub price would you guys need for CNX to accelerate production 10% in 2022? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Donald W. Rush, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & CFO [25] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. We're not going to get into an exact price. So I mean, there's obviously a flat month. There's the long-term forward strip. There's where you can hedge. There's how the NGLs are reacting or not reacting. And I think one of the questions earlier, there's also the other capital allocation opportunities that exist at the time, so not really a set-in-stone type exact gas price that we make these decisions on. But if -- there's this thesis out there that gas goes to $4. So clearly, $4, it's a pretty attractive opportunity to push more money into D&C sooner to get more production sooner. So just generally, we're able to do it if it makes sense. And hopefully, we're developing a track record of being -- pretty follow the math on doing what's appropriate. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [26] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Our next question comes from Holly Stewart of Scotia Howard Weil. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Holly Meredith Barrett Stewart, Scotiabank Global Banking and Markets, Research Division - Analyst [27] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Maybe first, just starting off with a follow-up to Jane's question. Can you quantify the 2 to 3 months of assumed production shut-ins? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chad A. Griffith, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & COO [28] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Are you speaking as far as like production per-day volumes? It's really going to be a function of exactly how the NGLs and condensate play out. At the -- as I said, we're looking primarily at Shirley-Pennsboro for this immediate production deferral, which is one of our wet fields and certainly subject to NGL and condensate prices. And I -- now I don't know if you guys have been paying that close of attention to what's happening there. I'm sure you have been, but NGLs and condensate have really been beating up lately. There's a lot of -- with the demand destruction associated with the virus, fuel, backing up in the storage, refinery runs being cut. Now a lot of these NGLs and condensate feed directly into that refinery process, and so the stuff is backing up. Storage is filling up. It's really getting hard to flow NGLs. Since, really, any of you can flow them, the prices are really rock-bottom. So fortunately, for CNX, it's not a big part of our production portfolio. And to -- even to the extent that it is, we're able to blend a lot of the wet gas that we have. Shirley-Pennsboro, unfortunately, one of those place sits on an island. And so, for us, it's sort of one of those things that -- it's an example to us of what it would be like to be like an all-in wet gas producer. It's a really, really tough place to be right now. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Donald W. Rush, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & CFO [29] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- And -- yes. And you can see on Slide 13, Holly, it looks a little bit on, call it, the hatched red part of the graph. So for Meg, you can kind of high ball it, it's around like a 300 a day type of a production change, if you want to do that. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Holly Meredith Barrett Stewart, Scotiabank Global Banking and Markets, Research Division - Analyst [30] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Okay. No. That's helpful, Don. And then is there a thought on just NGL or condensate price where you bring that back? Just trying to get a sense for how long -- you talked about 2 to 3 months. But if prices remain low, then you -- I'm assuming usually that volume shut in. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Donald W. Rush, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & CFO [31] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. That's why we tried to, again, just be thoughtful, transparent and follow the math on the way we've laid out guidance. I can tell you right now, the next several months are more impossible to predict than the next several months of any time frame that I have, at least, been working at the company. So instead of trying to predict what the next several months are going to hold, we just wanted to make sure folks were going to have transparent information on what it looks like. If things stay not so good, we'll save it for later. If things come back, we go ahead and add it back to the equation. And net-net, the business is still strong. The capital structure is still strong. The leverage ratios are still strong. And any near-term issues for both CNX or CNXM really just sets up better longer-term fundamentals for the long-term portfolios of the businesses. A couple of months, whenever you're solving for long-term intrinsic value per share doesn't matter as much as making sure that cash flow is maximized. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Holly Meredith Barrett Stewart, Scotiabank Global Banking and Markets, Research Division - Analyst [32] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. Okay. That's perfect. And then maybe just a little color on '21. So looks like your 46 TILs in 2020 still planned, and then that long-term 7-year guide is 25 in the plan. So can you just give us some color maybe on that for '21? And then is that still a 1.5-rig program and a 1-crew program? Or how should we think about that plan as it's reshaped here? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Donald W. Rush, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & CFO [33] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. No. I'd say -- I guess it would be a generic answer, but it's in the middle. So I think it depends on whether we want to try to get into the higher end, that 600 Bcfe we highlighted. If gas prices are good, I think you'll be closer to, if you'll count it, that we've had in 2020. And likewise, if gas prices are muted or were just slightly growing, I mean, you're going to be -- and I think we highlighted previously a 30-well year type program kind of grows us a little bit. So that's the kind of the way to think about it. So that's a general approach. And Chad, I mean, you can talk to -- it doesn't take much to do either 1 of those 2. It's just really adding a frac crew. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chad A. Griffith, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & COO [34] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Right. That's right. Depend -- we're going to keep a close eye on commodity markets on gas prices. We've got a little bit of a DUC inventory. I think was really sort of a healthy level of DUCs. But if prices run, that enables us to bring in a spot crew and complete a number of wells and get them online very quickly to take advantage of those strong gas prices. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Holly Meredith Barrett Stewart, Scotiabank Global Banking and Markets, Research Division - Analyst [35] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Okay, okay. And then maybe one question on just that longer-term guide. It looks like the fully burdened cash costs that are on Slide 27 are $1.04. What is the primary driver for that reduction? I mean if you look at the first quarter of this year, it looks like a pretty big swing down. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chad A. Griffith, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & COO [36] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Over the long term, we begin to roll out of some of our legacy FT contracts. There's a number of those that date from -- really all the way -- some of them date all the way back to the Dominion acquisition, if you got to remember that. Some of those were higher cost. And so as those begin to roll off, that overall GP&T portion of that -- of the -- of operating cost against the decline. And so that's really a big driver of that decreasing operating expense over time. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Donald W. Rush, CNX Resources Corporation - Executive VP & CFO [37] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- And you'll see to just in the interest expense that's flowing through the business, as we delever and we've kind of avoid taking out some of the more expensive near-term debt products that folks have had to lean to refi with. So pushing through, call it, just more efficient operation. Chad and team, we're obviously focused on long-term conversations today, but they've made a tremendous amount of progress in just the day-to-day management of the company and the remote operation capacity that we have here. And like we talked, the capitalized water systems that we built to really help that cost side of it as well. And net-net, the GP&T line item has always been efficient for us. So it's chunky in a couple of areas that are just allowing the business to be in a much lower kind of steady-state cost structure going forward. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [38] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This will conclude our question-and-answer session. The conference has now concluded. Thank you, everybody, very much for attending today's presentation. You may now disconnect.