U.S. Markets closed
  • S&P 500

    3,699.12
    +32.40 (+0.88%)
     
  • Dow 30

    30,218.26
    +248.74 (+0.83%)
     
  • Nasdaq

    12,464.23
    +87.05 (+0.70%)
     
  • Russell 2000

    1,892.45
    +43.75 (+2.37%)
     
  • Crude Oil

    46.09
    +0.45 (+0.99%)
     
  • Gold

    1,837.70
    +0.90 (+0.05%)
     
  • Silver

    24.32
    +0.18 (+0.76%)
     
  • EUR/USD

    1.2127
    -0.0022 (-0.1819%)
     
  • 10-Yr Bond

    0.9690
    +0.0490 (+5.33%)
     
  • Vix

    20.79
    -0.49 (-2.30%)
     
  • GBP/USD

    1.3438
    -0.0015 (-0.1088%)
     
  • USD/JPY

    104.1400
    +0.2800 (+0.2696%)
     
  • BTC-USD

    18,832.71
    +10.71 (+0.06%)
     
  • CMC Crypto 200

    365.19
    -14.05 (-3.71%)
     
  • FTSE 100

    6,550.23
    +59.96 (+0.92%)
     
  • Nikkei 225

    26,751.24
    -58.13 (-0.22%)
     

Edited Transcript of GOSS.OQ earnings conference call or presentation 10-Nov-20 9:30pm GMT

·48 min read

Q3 2020 Gossamer Bio Inc Earnings Call Nov 11, 2020 (Thomson StreetEvents) -- Edited Transcript of Gossamer Bio Inc earnings conference call or presentation Tuesday, November 10, 2020 at 9:30:00pm GMT TEXT version of Transcript ================================================================================ Corporate Participants ================================================================================ * Bryan Giraudo Gossamer Bio, Inc. - CFO * Luisa Salter-Cid Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Chief Scientific Officer * Sheila K. Gujrathi Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director ================================================================================ Conference Call Participants ================================================================================ * Carter Lewis Gould Barclays Bank PLC, Research Division - Senior Analyst * David Timothy Hoang SMBC Nikko Securities America, Inc., Research Division - Research Analyst * Emma Kathleen Nealon Cantor Fitzgerald & Co., Research Division - Analyst * Geoffrey Christopher Meacham BofA Merrill Lynch, Research Division - Research Analyst * Joseph Patrick Schwartz SVB Leerink LLC, Research Division - MD of Rare Diseases & Senior Research Analyst * Joshua Elliott Schimmer Evercore ISI Institutional Equities, Research Division - Senior MD & Equity Analyst * Patrick Ralph Trucchio H.C. Wainwright & Co, LLC, Research Division - MD of Equity Research & Senior Healthcare Analyst * Tyler Martin Van Buren Piper Sandler & Co., Research Division - Principal & Senior Biotech Analyst ================================================================================ Presentation -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [1] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for standing by, and welcome to the Gossamer Bio Q3 2020 Earnings Call. (Operator Instructions) I would now like to hand the conference over to your moderator today, Mr. Bryan Giraudo, Chief Financial Officer. Thank you. Please go ahead, sir. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Bryan Giraudo, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - CFO [2] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thank you, operator, and thank you all for joining us this afternoon. I am joined on today's call by Gossamer Bio's Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Dr. Sheila Gujrathi; as well as our Chief Scientific Officer, Dr. Luisa Salter-Cid. Earlier this afternoon, Gossamer Bio issued a press release announcing its financial results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2020, in addition to providing a corporate update. Please note that certain information discussed on the call today is covered under the safe harbor provision of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act. We caution listeners that during this call, Gossamer management will be making forward-looking statements. Actual results may differ materially from those stated or implied by these forward-looking statements due to the risks and uncertainties associated with the company's business. These forward-looking statements are qualified by the statements contained in Gossamer's news releases and SEC filings, including in the annual report on Form 10-K and subsequent filings. This conference call also contains time-sensitive information that may only be accurate for a limited period of time. Our ability to meet our guidance, especially that related to the timely initiation and completion of clinical studies in addition to our ability to release results from our clinical trials in a timely manner, may be adversely affected by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Gossamer Bio undertakes no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this conference call. Now I'd like to turn the call over to Sheila. Sheila? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [3] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thank you, Bryan, and good afternoon to everyone who is joining us on today's call. We appreciate you taking the time to hear about the progress Gossamer has made. Earlier this afternoon, Gossamer Bio was pleased to announce its financial results from the third quarter 2020, in addition to several updates to the status of our pipeline of clinical product candidates. Gossamer Bio was founded as an innovative research and development engine to deliver value through the selection and development of a pipeline of multiple independent programs across the therapeutic areas of inflammation, immunology and oncology. This engine is centered around an experienced team with a history of successful and efficient execution in these closely-related therapeutic areas. Each program is backed by rigorous preclinical and clinical work to understand and derisk the product candidate, focus on areas of high unmet need and a differentiated product profile that would be meaningful for patients. We are pleased to be advancing 2 independent molecules targeting 2 different indications into Phase II trials. We are also excited to discuss new clinical data from our immuno-oncology candidate, GB1275, as it continues to progress through its Phase I/II trial in solid tumors. All told, development progress from multiple candidates is a manifestation of Gossamer's purpose: the continual and simultaneous advancement of multiple high potential programs through the execution of the appropriate experiments to create value for shareholders. First, I will briefly review the status of GB001, an our once-daily oral DP2 antagonist for the treatment of moderate to severe asthma. In October, we read out the top line results of our Phase IIb LEDA study. While the primary endpoint of asthma worsening was not met, GB001 did demonstrate a consistent reduction of 32% to 35% in the proportion of patients exhibiting asthma worsening across all 3 active drug arms as compared to placebo. And in the key secondary endpoint of time to first asthma worsening, we saw a statistically significant improvement in both the 20-milligram and the 60-milligram dose groups as compared to placebo. We are currently in the progress of engaging with global regulatory authorities about these results and the path forward. We hope to have clarity from these discussions in the first half of next year, which will help inform potential partnerships and strategic alternatives. Since the end of the third quarter, we have activated 2 value-driving proof-of-concept Phase II clinical trials for our GB002 and GB004 programs, which I will touch upon before walking through the recent clinical data reported this week at SITC from our oncology candidate, GB1275. After that, Bryan will provide a financial update. GB002 is an inhaled PDGFR receptor inhibitor for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension or PAH. GB002 was designed to improve upon prior success observed with kinase inhibition in PAH by delivering a tyrosine kinase inhibitor with an optimized selectivity and potency profile directly to the site of disease via a convenient dry powder inhaler. GB002 is being studied on top of vasodilators with the hope of delivering a new standard of care that reverses pulmonary vascular remodeling and further improves patient outcomes. Our ongoing 2-week Phase Ib study is meant to bridge the safety, PK and PD results we saw in our Phase I studies in healthy volunteers to an initial experience in PAH patients. While the 2-week portion of the study is too short to evaluate changes in clinical endpoints, we have gathered important information on target engagement and biomarkers. These patients also have the option to roll on to a 6-month open-label extension. We look forward to sharing the 2-week data before year-end at GB002-focused investor event in December. As a reminder, this study's conduct was interrupted earlier this year by the COVID-19 pandemic. And now that the trial has restarted, we have enrolled new patients onto the study. We believe this Phase Ib in patients helped inform us how a PAH trial needs to be conducted during the COVID pandemic. And while unanticipated, the lessons learned here in terms of protocol adjustments, operations, logistics as well as the investigator and patient experience are critical to moving this program forward in PAH. We are also excited to announce that we have activated multiple sites for our Phase II TORREY study. We expect to begin enrollment of this trial in the fourth quarter. The TORREY Phase II study is a 24-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter clinical study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of GB002 in functional class II and III PAH patients. This is an 80-patient study, and patients will be randomized evenly between drug and placebo. The primary endpoint is change in pulmonary vascular resistance from baseline at week 24, and the key secondary endpoint for this trial will be changed in 6-minute walk test distance. We expect to be able to read out top line data from the Phase II TORREY study in the first half of 2022, subject to further development in the COVID-19 pandemic. We are working closely with sites, investigators and study coordinators surrounding the obstacles posed by COVID-19 with a focus on patient health, and we believe we have put in place protocols and procedures to help mitigate that risk. In response to the inbound interest we have received on the GB002 program from investors, clinicians and patient advocacy groups over the past few months, we will host a GB002 PAH-focused webinar in December. During the call, we plan to discuss rationale for GB002 and PAH, initial results from our Phase Ib study and give additional details on our Phase II study design, in addition to making some of our key external advisers available for Q&A. We hope you will join us on this call to learn more about the GB002 program. Please be on the lookout for details surrounding this virtual event in the coming weeks. Next, we will discuss our oral HIF-1 alpha stabilizer, GB004, which is being developed for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. As a reminder, GB004 is an oral gut targeted therapy with a unique mechanism of action that is intended to address the high disease burden and impaired quality of life in patients with IBD. Unlike traditional anti-inflammatory [treatments of] IBD, GB004 is believed to promote the healing of the mucosa to achieve sustainable histologic, endoscopic and clinical remission. GB004 has the potential to deliver meaningful patient benefit both as a monotherapy and in combination with standard of care in patients across the disease continuum. We are so pleased to announce that we have begun dosing patients in GB004 SHIFT-UC Phase II study in patients with active ulcerative colitis. The SHIFT-UC Phase II study is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter study to evaluate the efficacy, safety, PK and PD of GB004 in adults subject to mild-to-moderate active ulcerative colitis. We expect to enroll about 195 UC patients, who will be randomized evenly across 2 dose groups and placebo. The primary endpoint for this trial is proportion of patients with clinical remission at week 12. Secondary endpoint include proportion of patients at week 12 with clinical response, histologic remission, endoscopic improvement and mucosal healing. Patients will remain on background therapy, including 5-ASA and steroids throughout the trial. We expect to be able to read out top line data from the Phase II SHIFT-UC study in the first half of 2022, subject to further development of the COVID-19 [barrel] pandemic. In line with what I mentioned previously regarding the TORREY study in PAH, we are working closely with SHIFT-UC sites to mitigate potential COVID-19-related disruption. Also, we believe there is a possibility that GB004's non-immunosuppressive mechanism may turn out to be a recruiting advantage in the recruitment of UC patients as compared to immunosuppressive therapies. We're commencing the Phase II induction study in UC after having completed a 4-week Phase Ib trial in patients with active mild-to-moderate disease. In October, at UEG virtual week 2020, Dr. Bill Sandborn of the University of California, San Diego presented these data following Gossamer's top line announcement in May of this year. We received a great deal of interest and positive feedback from KOLs and investigators following Dr. Sanborn's presentation, which is available on the Posters and Publications section of our website. That is enabling us to hit the ground running with our Phase II trial. And finally, we will turn to GB1275, our oral CD11b modulator being developed for the treatment of solid tumors. We have a couple of updates on our Phase I/II KEYNOTE-A36 trial being shared at SITC this week. Dr. Johanna Bendell is presenting poster number 388, which details some of the GB1275 clinical results from the ongoing dose escalation portion of KEYNOTE-A36 from both monotherapy and in combination with pembrolizumab. Dr. Wells Messersmith is presenting poster number 389, which resides in the relevant clinical biomarker data, which is also from this ongoing Phase I/II study in advanced solid tumors. Enrollment in the dose escalation phase continues as no dose-limiting toxicity has been observed. Oral GB1275 has now been used to treat 40 patients with doses up to 1,200 milligram twice daily. Safety data suggests that GB1275 both alone and in combination with pembrolizumab is well tolerated. Despite adding in tumor types that are known to be less responsive to checkpoint inhibitors, GB1275 has generated encouraging clinical and biologic activity, especially in dose cohorts, equal to or greater than 800-milligram BID. In terms of clinical activity, 12 patients had an initial assessment of stable disease with a median duration of treatment of 102.5 days. Among those 12 patients, prolonged stable disease, stable disease greater than 84 days, was noted in 7 patients who had micro-satellite stable colorectal, metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, triple-negative breast cancer and gastric cancer. Three of these patients receive monotherapy in regimen A, and 4 of these patients received combination therapy in regimen B. Importantly, 5 of the 7 involved doses greater than or equal to 800-milligram BID, suggesting increased clinical activity at higher doses. Stable disease was also observed in 2 of the combination therapy patients who had previously been treated and progressed with a checkpoint inhibitor. We have seen one confirmed partial response in a patient with micro-satellite stable colorectal cancer, who received 800 milligrams of GB1275 BID in combination with pembrolizumab. That patient had previously received 5 lines of therapy and is continuing on study treatment. Published preclinical work suggests that GB1275 works by disrupting immunosuppressive myeloid cell biology, which allows for more T cell infiltration and activation in tumors, potentially converting the tumor microenvironment to an inflamed phenotype. Our early biomarker findings support these aspects of GB1275's mechanism of action. Protein and gene signatures in blood showed changes consistent with reduced myeloid-derived suppressor cells, which correlates with dose and pembrolizumab combination. Myeloid-derived suppressor also decreased in dose-dependent manner after treatment with GB1275 or in combination with pembrolizumab. An increase in tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes or TILs is observed in serial tumor biopsies following both the GB1275 monotherapy regimen as well as the combination therapy with pembrolizumab. CD8-positive T cells also increased with combination treatment. We next plan to further characterize GB1275 in an expansion cohort of up to 40 patients evaluating the recommended Phase II dose of GB1275 in combination with pembrolizumab. We will continue to report out clinical data from this ongoing trial in 2021. Please feel free to view these posters in their entirety on our website. The presentations from Drs. Bendell and Messersmith can be accessed on the SEC website as part of the SITC virtual conference. With that, I will hand it over to Gossamer Bio's Chief Financial Officer, Bryan Giraudo, for our financial update. Bryan? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Bryan Giraudo, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - CFO [4] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thank you, Sheila. We will now review the financial results for the third quarter of 2020. We ended the quarter with $555.4 million of cash and cash equivalents. We anticipate our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities, along with access to our debt facility, will provide us sufficient capital resources to fund operations and capital expenditures into the second half of 2023. Research and development expenses in the third quarter of 2020 were approximately $41.8 million as compared to R&D expenses of $40.1 million for the same period in 2019. G&A expenses were $11.4 million in the third quarter as compared to G&A expenses of $9.8 million for the same period in 2019. Our net loss for the quarter was $57.8 million, equating to $0.80 per share. For the same period in 2019, we reported a net loss of $48.5 million, which equated to $0.80 a share. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in interest expense of $4 million and a decrease in investment income of $1.7 million. With that, I will turn the call back over to Sheila to offer some closing comments before we open the line up for Q&A. Sheila? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [5] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thank you, Bryan. It has been an exceptionally busy quarter and year at Gossamer, especially as we advance multiple clinical and research programs during the COVID pandemic. I want to extend my personal appreciation to our patients, physicians and partners who have helped us achieve the activation of Gossamer's third and fourth Phase II trials to date. I would also like to extend my sincerest gratitude to the Gossamer team, who continue to bring their best selves and go beyond possible during these unprecedented times. With that, I will now turn the call over to the operator for questions. Operator? ================================================================================ Questions and Answers -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [1] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (Operator Instructions) Your first question comes from the line of Tyler Van Buren. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Tyler Martin Van Buren, Piper Sandler & Co., Research Division - Principal & Senior Biotech Analyst [2] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- I had a couple on GB002 and the PAH data coming up. Understand that it's more potent and selective than imatinib, but I guess I'm specifically interested in ratio of long exposure given the route of delivery. Can you just -- I guess has there been any data in terms of ratio of lung exposure with imatinib that you could speak to? And how much higher you think GB002 could be when we see the data? And then on -- can you just confirm, will we see data from seeing planned patients? And did you mention a 6-week OLE? Is it possible we could see data from that as well? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [3] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Great. I'll start, and then I'll ask Luisa Salter-Cid, our Chief Scientific Officer, to add anything she would like. So yes, in -- we do have several-fold higher exposure in the lung to plasma. And we have done more characterization of this preclinically as well as in our normal healthy volunteer study in terms of measuring peripheral, PK and then in our PAH Phase Ib trial. It's important to understand that we designed this molecule specifically to have low systemic PK concentration because clearly, what we saw with the prior imatinib experience in the clinical Phase II and III PAH trials was really substantial issues around safety and tolerability. So that if you have high imatinib PK levels, that hit, again, a number of kinases that they were having a significant number of adverse events, serious adverse events, including GI side effects as well as edematous events and CNS subdural hematomas. So this is really critical that we would be able to ensure, again, low PK level systemically in the periphery. And so GB002 is rapidly cleared and never reaches high level systemically. So what you see are low levels from a CNS perspective and then rapid clearance. And we've shown this in our normal healthy volunteer trials, and we're confirming that profile in our -- in the PH population. So that's a really critical component to this profile, where you again want very substantial lung exposures but very, again, manageable systemic exposures to really improve upon the safety and tolerability. So that's critical, so we'll continue to discuss that. And I think we can touch upon that in our webinar in December to go into more details on that. Regarding the Phase Ib experience, again, as I mentioned, this is a 2-week study. We do have a 6-month OLE available for these patients proportionally. We had patients in that OLE in the early part of this year. But because of COVID, they had to come out because we had to pause really the conduct of the study, given the total shutdown at the sites, especially for the PAH treating centers. So we will mainly be focused on 2-week data in December. So again, focus on PK, safety tolerability, target engagement and biomarkers and continue to discuss the program. With that, Luisa, did you have anything else to add? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Luisa Salter-Cid, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Chief Scientific Officer [4] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. I think you pretty much covered it, but I think one other thing is it's not only just the exposure, but it also is the duration that really 002 has a high retention on target is -- and because of that, we have actually sustained exposure in the lung for a long period of time. So it's not just the PK distribution, but it's also the way that 002 binds on target. And we have data from the PD endpoints, such as BMPR2 and others that really confirm this prolonged PD. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Tyler Martin Van Buren, Piper Sandler & Co., Research Division - Principal & Senior Biotech Analyst [5] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Great. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [6] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. Great. Thanks, Luisa. So I think we're going to look forward to really presenting a substantial amount of preclinical data and further characterization that we've done with our molecules to really show how we think it's truly best-in-class and the right way, the right molecule for PH patients particularly. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [7] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Your next question comes from the line of Joseph Schwartz. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Joseph Patrick Schwartz, SVB Leerink LLC, Research Division - MD of Rare Diseases & Senior Research Analyst [8] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- I also wanted to ask one on GB002 to start. And that has to do with some comments I think I heard you say about how you might be able to look at some data from the ongoing Phase Ib patients and gauge some potential to bridge off of the effects that you've seen in healthy volunteers, if I'm not misunderstanding. I was just wondering if that was accurate, if you could expound on that. And then since this isn't a vasodilator per se, at what point would you hope to see a signal? And what would that signal be in terms of PD markers? Or how are you thinking about when you might start to see some interesting design? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [9] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. Great. I think my points were really, Joseph, that we have a pretty substantial Phase I experience when you look at our SAD or multiple ascending dose studies in normal healthy volunteers across a range of doses and now with the Phase Ib NPH patient. So the totality of the clinical experience we have to date is great for where we are in the stage of development. I think we're taking all the right steps to make sure that we're going with the right design for the Phase II trial. So I think what we'll be sharing in December really is the totality of our Phase I experience, and so that's what I was mentioning in terms of being able to bridge and look at not only what we generated in terms of data from the PAH patients in the Phase Ib but also bridging that information back to normal healthy volunteers and seeing consistency in PK exposures and the like. So I think that was the point I was making. And secondly on your question on time points for efficacy readouts, I think typically for PD, our hope would be we could follow some patients over time and be able to look at changes in peripheral clinical disease biomarkers such as proBNP levels as well as potential changes on imaging such as echocardiogram. If you're asking me about timing, if you look at some of the imatinib data, they were able to see effects really even in that 12-week time frame. But of course, our Phase II study is a 24-week study, and so that's -- and that's looking at PVR. So -- and we'll be also looking at imaging and some of these systemic markers as well for clinical disease as well as biomarkers. So I think it'll be a pretty robust data set coming out of the Phase II. And again, unfortunately, just because of the COVID-19, it really impacted our ability to have the more robust Phase Ib experience we were hoping for. But nonetheless, we think we got very informative and impactful data for the program. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Joseph Patrick Schwartz, SVB Leerink LLC, Research Division - MD of Rare Diseases & Senior Research Analyst [10] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Cool. We'll stay tuned. So then on GB001, I was wondering if you could give us your thoughts or expectations for when we might be able to look forward to learning about what biomarkers you've found are associated with the better response in the LEDA trial. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [11] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes, I think that for us is I think we're shooting towards that first half of next year to be able to kind of get the regulatory feedback we're seeking. We have to schedule these meetings, and this is the same divisions that deal with COVID and other therapeutics that are out there being studied in the COVID patient population. So we're very mindful of that. But our hope is that we're going to get that regulatory feedback, and then we'll look forward to presenting more the detailed data in our plan forward in that first half. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [12] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Your next question comes from the line of Geoff Meacham. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Geoffrey Christopher Meacham, BofA Merrill Lynch, Research Division - Research Analyst [13] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- I had a couple. The first one is on 002. Is there a population in PAH that you feel like you could maximize the differences in PVR resistance, I guess maybe those not well controlled on combo therapy, for example? And then what types of effects, Sheila, would you say that you're aiming for in the study just as a proof-of-concept as you sort of get the -- prepare for a larger study? And then I have one follow-up on 001. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [14] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes, that's really exactly the patient population we're going after, Geoff. We're looking at patients who continue to have higher PVRs and disease burden and symptomatology despite being on at least 2 classes of vasodilator therapies, if not 3 classes of vasodilator therapies. So they are functional class 2 and 3 patients with, again, a pretty potential disease burden, and they are on background therapies that we're adding on to. So I think we're really enriching for kind of a higher disease activity population, which we think is the right population to be studying in this Phase II trial. So I think that's very, very compelling unmet need. In terms of the effect size, if you look at the data from imatinib from their IMPRESS trial, they saw about a 32% reduction in PVR, like 30% to 32%; as well as improvement, about 30% improvement in 6-minute walk distance. Now that was done a while ago in terms of when that study was conducted, how quick those patients were. And then they were also on 2 or 3 classes of vasodilator therapy, so that's similar. That was also an add-on study design to those other classes of therapy. So that's really helpful to know that they saw that level of improvement despite being added on to vasodilators. And I think that's, again, a very compelling rationale for our program. So I think, obviously, that would be terrific to be able to show that type of similar efficacy. Again, the question is how much are patients improved since then with their level of disease control, and so we're going to be talking -- thinking more about that and talking more about that as we get our study off the ground. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Geoffrey Christopher Meacham, BofA Merrill Lynch, Research Division - Research Analyst [15] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Got you. Okay. That's helpful, Sheila. And then maybe one for you or for Bryan. I know you're still getting feedback on 001 on next steps. But when you think about strategic options here or partnering, is it a parallel process? Or do you have to have absolute clarity on Phase III design as sort of a first step to negotiations? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [16] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes, I would say it's both, right, because I mean we engage in discussions. It's, of course, a very critical piece for us to understand what is the regulatory and development path forward, right? So I think those are obviously very natural things that we have to get information on. Bryan, do you want to provide any commentary? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Bryan Giraudo, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - CFO [17] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes, I would -- thanks for the question, Geoff. I think our practical challenge is that while we have ideas around what a Phase III program could look like, really hard to engage in substantive discussions until we let regulators weigh in, and that obviously has a direct read-through to the investment that any partner would have to make in Phase III and then what the really potential commercial presentation could be. So it is a little bit of a chicken and the egg conversation, and we're working diligently to be able to get those answers because right now, the only real reference point the strategic market has as to what a Phase III, what a DP2 antagonist looks like, is what our friends at Novartis did. And so we're obviously trying to see if we can have a more streamlined and efficient plan. But until we have regulators weigh in on that, it's really hard to talk about what that financial as well as infrastructure commitment any partner would have to make. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [18] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Your next question comes from the line of Josh Schimmer. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Joshua Elliott Schimmer, Evercore ISI Institutional Equities, Research Division - Senior MD & Equity Analyst [19] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Again on 002, can you indicate when we might be able to get a first look at the effect on rate set at heart pressure and PVR specifically? Is that being measured in the Phase Ib? Or is that going to have to wait for Phase II? And Bryan, I might have missed it in your prepared remarks, but how should we think about operating expenses going forward? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [20] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. So Josh... -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Bryan Giraudo, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - CFO [21] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila, you go first. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [22] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes, so pulmonary vascular resistance, and you're really -- the data comes from right heart catheterization is really the primary endpoint of our Phase II trial. So that's, again, the 24-week endpoint for Phase 2, and so that'll be -- that's really when that will be robustly characterized. And so that's when you should plan to see that from the Phase Ib. That is more around, again, clinical biomarker disease actually (inaudible) and potential echocardiographic imaging but not really hemodynamic data. And then go ahead, Bryan, operating expenses. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Bryan Giraudo, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - CFO [23] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. So Joshua, we said in my remarks that all the capital available to Gossamer takes us into the second half of 2023. I'm cautious to give greater guidance than that just because as we are kicking off these 2 important Phase II trials against the backdrop of the pandemic, it's still too early for us to make predictions on enrollment time lines and then -- and thus costs, but we do feel very good based upon the totality of the book of work, shall we say, that we're doing at Gossamer that the capital we have takes us well to the back half of 2023. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [24] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Your next question comes from the line of Carter Gould. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Carter Lewis Gould, Barclays Bank PLC, Research Division - Senior Analyst [25] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Great. I guess, first, maybe to come back to 002. I know you guys have been engaging with a lot of KOLs, and I'm just trying to understand the landscape. I appreciate you guys bringing up the imatinib experience in Phase II. But I guess when you think about sort of the hurdle for clinical meaningfulness either in terms of PVR, 6-minute walk distance, how do you think about that in this population? Kind of what's the, I guess for a lack of a better term, sort of floor on what you need to see? And then maybe on 1275, the poster talked sort of delineated sort of 50% to 75% reduction on MDSCs. Can you maybe just help put that in context and if there's a target or there's some sort of hurdle you guys are looking to get -- to reach and just kind of help thinking about some of the biomarker data? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [26] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sure. Yes, so I think I feel like your first question really gets to the unmet need of what we're trying to achieve here. So just as a reminder, everyone knows there are these 3 classes of vasodilator therapies that have been approved in PAH and that are predominantly use in functional class 2, 3 and 4. And most patients start off with a combination regimen usually with some type of PDE-5 ERA type combination, and then prostacyclins are added, obviously, depending on how severe the patient is. It could be added on even earlier in the disease state. And then there really are no other approved treatment options beyond those 3 classes of vasodilator therapies. So for those patients who have a continuous systematology, continued deterioration in their functional status and real impairment on the hemodynamic leading to right heart failure and morbidity and mortality, with the high rate of mortality, and there's a 50% to 75% mortality rate for patients who are functional class 3 and 4 who aren't controlled or continue to progress, which really rivals any oncology indication. These patients have no available therapies, so we're really looking to add on to these classes of -- those vasodilators and see if we can just really show any functional improvement as measured by 6-minute walk distance, which is obviously very clinically important because we need to see that functional improvement. And the objective parameter of looking at hemodynamic improvement is obviously very important and critical, especially at this stage of development for us to get that type of information. That's why we put this as our primary endpoint for the Phase II trial, but we will also be measuring our impact on functional improvement as well. So that's really what we're looking. So we can answer the question about what's the level of improvement we want to see. I would argue what we're hearing from our clinicians is they would obviously like to see any level of improvement here because it's just being able to add on to these vasodilators into such a sicker population and show improvement in these outcome measures will be very meaningful because there just aren't any available treatment options. Now having said that, you all know that Acceleron and sotatercept is moving forward into this population as well, which is terrific that they could potentially be affording another type of treatment for these patients. And just to remind you, obviously, that is an injection that's given every 3 weeks in person because of the hematologic monitoring. This -- our commercial presentation for GB002 is really designed to be a very convenient dry powder inhaler that patients can carry around with them and really be able to live a normal life while having this PPI, just similar to what asthmatic patients do. They're also very familiar with different types of inhaler devices. Before, they had a pretty bulky nebulizer type systems, now that they've had to tick up to 4 times a day. So now with a type of PPI presentation and they're moving more to PPI, it's very favorably received, and it's a presentation and a delivery system that is highly appreciated by the PAH treatment community. So I think that, again, showing really any improvement on functional symptomatology and improvement will be considered very favorably given that there's really a lack of treatment options for these patients. And then moving on to 1275, I mean I'll let Luisa comment on this as well. I mean, I think we've seen preclinically our ability to really disrupt myeloid cell biology. That means we've shown in preclinical tumors the reduction of myeloid-derived suppressor cells populations, both granulocytic and monocytic as well as tumor-infiltrating macrophages or tumor-associate macrophages or TAMs and the increase in the T cell populations, which is so critical for efficacy, so you see increase in tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and the CD8-positive T cells. So we've seen this preclinically. So it's really the combination of being able to reduce that immunosuppressive burden both by blocking the recruitment and migration of these cells into the tumors themselves but -- and also repolarizing them from an M2 immunosuppressive phenotype to an M1 immunostimulatory phenotype and then showing the result in increase in the T cell biology to be able to then translate into clinical response. And so I think when you look at the totality of our biomarker data, when you see the reduction in MDSC cells, again both in the peripheral compartment, both monocytic and granulocytic in the monotherapy as well as the combination arms, especially if you look at the granulocytic MDSCs as well as what we're seeing on -- in the periphery on the proteomics and the transcriptomic that Luisa can speak more to and then looking at tumor biopsies themselves and seeing this influx of TILs and this influx of CD8 cells and in TILs you see in monotherapy patients as well as combination therapy patients for the CD8, we're seeing it in the limited samples we have in the combination treated patients, I think that's what really we're trying to get to. Your question of what level of MDSC or myeloid cell population targeting we have to get to, to kind of show the increase in lymphocytes, I mean, I think that's a great question. I don't know if we have enough data to answer that, but let me turn it over to Luisa to get her more informed opinions about these matters. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Luisa Salter-Cid, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Chief Scientific Officer [27] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes, absolutely. So that is a question for all therapies that people have grappled with, what is enough. And basically, what I think most people, including us, have landed is it has to be going down in the right direction and it has to be beyond just significant. So there is significance, so it's not just a passive observation. But to Sheila's point, what I think that other folks and us including have really zeroed in is do we have the proteomics, biomarkers that go with it that you'll see a significant change in cytokine, in chemokines, which we do, and that is really that you are impacting the biology. And then as Sheila mentioned, at the end of the day, in the tumor is all about the T cells, specifically the CD8. And are you seeing an increase in CD8 in tumors in filtration? And we are. So I think it's the totality of the data rather than a specific number. That number just has to be consistent enough for us to know that it's not just a fluke. And that's, I think, what everybody else is doing with these MDSC modulating therapies. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [28] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. And I would just add, getting back to the clinical data as well. So this has been very reassuring to us that we're seeing these biomarker changes, again, looking at the periphery, looking at the cells themselves, looking at the proteins, looking at the gene expressions for myeloid-derived genes as well as inflammatory genes, if you look at interferon-type responses and then the tumors themselves in the few patients we've been able to get biopsies, which has been a really great effort from our team. I want to thank our team because it's not been easy during the COVID pandemic to actually get a paired biopsy. I think that's been incredibly productive and fruitful for us to be able to see that we are seeing this influx of TILs and CD8-positive T cells, which are, again, really critical for the mechanism and validation of that biologic activity. And then you see the clinical activity. Just to remind everyone, I mean you guys know this that these are very sick patients. Most patients who are coming in, all will have at least 2 lines of therapy. Many of them have 5 or greater prior lines of therapy across very difficult-to-treat tumor types that have not shown good responses, either mostly secondary resistance to checkpoint inhibitors and also primary resistance to checkpoint inhibitors as we've seen with patients who've been treated with CPI that had about a 2-month duration of response prior and then lost that and then we're seeing responses in combination, so I think that's in terms of those stable disease, I should say. I think that is really encouraging. So to have, again, 5 of the 7 prolonged stable disease at the 800-milligram or greater, including, again, a confirmed PR at this point given just the Phase I experience we're in, we find really encouraging. And that's in about 16 evaluable patients. So if you're seeing 5 out of 16, that's really, I think, encouraging information for us. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [29] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Your next question comes from the line of Emma Nealon. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Emma Kathleen Nealon, Cantor Fitzgerald & Co., Research Division - Analyst [30] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- So turning to GB004 and UC, I mean given some of the physician feedback from the recent kind of Phase I data, can you just speak to why the early profile is so potentially exciting to positions in this mild-to-moderate setting and where it could fit into the evolving commercial landscape? And then just in terms of potential future combination work, are there any specific mechanisms that you think would be logical? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [31] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes, I think it's just the excitement really is such a differentiated mechanism. So as I've mentioned on the call, it's really not that typical immunosuppressant, and there are a number of effective therapies. Of course, most of them are biologics, but also some orals that are entering into the marketplace. We have the JAKs that are approved. I think the S1P receptor modulator ozanimod had very exciting Phase III data. And I think others will potentially be entering into the space, but those are really focused on targeting the immune system. This type of therapy is actually a therapy that clinicians have been looking for both in terms of the differentiated mechanism focused on epithelial barrier function and repair and the integrity of the mucosal lining and being able to heal that -- the mucosa in the gut for these IBD patients that have had a disrupted epithelial lining, which leads to further inflammation and continued kind of disease symptomatology and severity. So I think that's really very exciting from -- again, a differentiated mechanism that could be used alone, especially in earlier stages of disease as well as in combination with some other immunosuppressants, hopefully, in a safe and synergistic manner, as well as the ability then to take that and to target an earlier population in terms of really that more moderate disease, especially 5-ASA and steroid failure patients who have not progressed on to moderate or severe disease at this point because right now, it's a pretty big leap of faith for patients to have to go from their 5-ASA and steroids and maybe some other generic immunosuppressant therapies that are commonly used to a biologic or to a really potent immunosuppressant oral that has the risk of infections, the risk of malignancies and other monitoring that may be required. So it's a really big jump and leap of faith. And really patients and clinicians would prefer to have another therapy that could be in that gap to be able to use such as a GB004. So I think it's really, again, that pre biologic that's pre-biologics, that pre-moderate severe positioning as well as the differentiated mechanism that is resonating so powerfully. And so -- and they're so excited about this type of approach, which makes really a tremendous sense when you look at the biology of the disease area. And so I think that's really what we're focused on addressing with our trial design with the SHIFT-UC study to really capitalize on what we understand about the mechanism and who are the best patients to benefit. And I want to have Luisa add her thoughts on this as well because we've been doing a lot of work on the mechanism, and then we could talk about the combination approaches, too. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Luisa Salter-Cid, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Chief Scientific Officer [32] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. So we do -- we have really spent some time because, as Sheila mentioned, this is really -- the mechanism of action is self-complementary to the immunomodulators that are out there, standard of care. So we have gathered a lot of data both on translational endpoints with organoids and cocultures as well as in vivo models and including patient samples. And really, we are seeing that synergy, not just complementary, but also synergy in a lot of -- quite a few endpoints when you combine with specific therapies out there including the JAK inhibitors as well as anti-TNFs. So more to come, and we will absolutely share the data. But I think not surprisingly, we are seeing very good synergy between these 2 approaches. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [33] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Your next question comes from the line of David Hoang. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- David Timothy Hoang, SMBC Nikko Securities America, Inc., Research Division - Research Analyst [34] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- So I just had 2 questions, one on PAH and then one for ulcerative colitis. So for PAH, I know that Acceleron with sotatercept, they have a supportive Phase II trial that's looking at cardiopulmonary exercise testing and really looking at peak oxygen consumption. Is that something that you would ever be interested in pursuing for 002? And do you think having that info would be informative or additive to the drug's profile? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [35] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. No, that's a very -- obviously, a very interesting study, and we applaud them for taking those types of measurements. We have discussed this extensively with our investigators as well. We have not built in that type of detailed and rigorous in terms of -- intensive, I should say, assessments into on some of these -- our trials in our Phase II study, specifically. I think we're focused on the -- we think the most relevant endpoints at this stage of development in terms of looking at the pulmonary vascular resistance and the measurement on the hemodynamic parameters as well as right heart function. And that's, again, through the right heart cath data that we'll be getting as well as echocardiogram imaging to really assess ejection fraction. So I think those are some of the areas that we -- I think we think that were -- that's the most relevant for where we are. The other biomarkers that we're assessing, again, around proBNP levels is the marker by heart screen and would be also very important in BMPR2 to think about the mechanism in greater depth, I think, is important. But those are things that we are looking at potentially doing over time in supportive studies. We are looking at some other imaging modalities that I think will be very exciting to potentially try to get at what's happening in the vascular structure and the -- really in the vessels themselves in the lung. So those are things that we look forward to discussing again at our webinar in December. And I think there are some other novel techniques of imaging that we'll be employing in our program, which we have decided are probably the best at this time. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- David Timothy Hoang, SMBC Nikko Securities America, Inc., Research Division - Research Analyst [36] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Got it. Great. And then just on ulcerative colitis. I know that some of the S1P receptor modulators are interested in moving earlier into the treatment paradigm. And so for example, I've seen that etrasimod has a Phase II trial in moderate patients. I think they're going from Mayo Score, 4 to 6, endoscopic score of at least 1. Is that a patient population that overlaps with who you're enrolling in your Phase II? Or will you guys be different or maybe even earlier in the treatment paradigm? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [37] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- I would say that, that would be an overlapping JCV population if you look at the totality of the Mayo Scores and endoscopic scores. I think the question will just be what is the profile for etrasimod long term, and you obviously know the profile for ozanimod. We know ozanimod very well, having developed the drug. So I think that we know the safety and other liabilities around monitoring for that therapy. And while we think it's a great therapy, I think if there will be maybe potential challenges in their uptake given some of the safety liabilities that drug and the treating clinicians will have to deal with whether that's on pre class, I think the question is, over time, what will liabilities be for any S1P modulator, completing their large development programs that we have to see that and then how can they move up into the treatment algorithm. So I think that'll be a question in terms of how it's positioned and how it will be used by the clinical community and how it will be received by patients. There is something around just significant lymphocyte reductions, which is -- which can be scary to clinicians, especially because they have had to deal with PML risk, with TYSABRI. Obviously, they've gotten a lot more comfortable with that with ENTYVIO, with vedolizumab, with the alpha 4 beta 7 targeting therapies. Having said that, it's always a risk in terms of thinking about potential infection risk when you have really reduced the number of circulating peripheral lymphocyte. So I think those things are real and will always have to be managed by clinicians and always thought about for patients. So the question is how will that profile impair the ability to be treated -- to be really used in that mild-to-moderate population versus a therapy that doesn't have a kind of immune system effect and potential infection risk over time. So I think those are some of the things that we think about when we think about these other therapies and how they want to try to move up into the earlier lines of therapy. So that's one thing. And then the second thing is some of the other orals coming in, I don't really view them as so much competition. These could be great, again, complementary or synergistic combinations for us. So for us to have really powerful oral-oral combinations, I think it will be great for patients. And because we have such a orthogonal mechanism and we think we should be able to combine safely with these other therapies also to really focus on that we are gut targeted, so we have a very limited systemic PK, we have a lot of really focus on colonic exposure. I think that those will be very good for us to be able to -- mechanism-ed that we could potentially combine with. As Luisa was mentioning, we just started our work on the combination. And again, have oral-ing combination approaches for patients is critical. No one therapy is going to cure an ulcerative colitis patient or really any patient with any autoimmune disease. It's going to be a combination approach. So for us to figure out the best way to have safe combination regimens over time, I think, it's also important as we develop our therapies as individual therapies. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [38] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Your next question comes from the line of Patrick Trucchio. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Patrick Ralph Trucchio, H.C. Wainwright & Co, LLC, Research Division - MD of Equity Research & Senior Healthcare Analyst [39] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Just a few follow-ups on GB004. Sheila, we've seen this shift in recent years in terms of regulatory guidance and endpoints for IBD with the preference for the measuring of mucosal healing as confirmed by histologic analysis and the validated PRO measures. So with SHIFT-UC enrolling, I'm wondering how we should view the endpoints in IBD and UC particularly -- and with this mild and more moderate patient population? And do you believe the endpoints regulatory bar is still shifting? Or is it fairly stable as we look ahead to an eventual update in the SHIFT-UC study? And then I have a few follow-ups. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [40] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes, that's a great question. For ulcerative colitis, I would say there's been, of course, a lot of regulatory dialogue on the proper endpoint. But it does seem to be much stable than, for example, Crohn's disease, which I think is still an evolving area and has additional challenges. I think the importance of clinical remission is still very relevant. So that is looking at really the Mayo score primarily, looking at again not only signs and symptoms, primarily still frequency and rectal bleeding, but looking at the endoscopic improvement and looking at endoscopic remission to really be able to be counted as that clinical remitter. And so I think there's a lot of confidence in that endpoint. I think the higher bar is mucosal healing, and it really gets to -- as our medical lead (inaudible) likes to say, and he's spoken to many of you on the phone here, the tissue is the issue. So we do say that a lot of Gossamer, and we believe that greatly because it is very true that if you can show that histologic remission on top of the clinical remission and really get to mucosal healing, that's just such a meaningful endpoint. So if you can show resolution of inflammation -- and again, as we define histologic remission, it's very detailed. You have to have, again, really absence of neutrophils and other inflammatory cell types and multiple layers of the colonic tissue. And so if you're able to get to that high hurdle, mucosal healing endpoint is, again, I think is definitely a higher bar. And it's something that we'll be measuring very closely to where we saw really the best data coming out of our Phase Ib, and so we're going to measure that in our Phase II trial. But I do think the approvable endpoint of the clinical remission is, I feel, very solid. And so I don't think that's going to shift dramatically during our development program. I could be wrong, right? And having clinical remission as your primary endpoint and then looking at histologic remission as a very important secondary endpoint and then mucosal healing as well as important secondary endpoint to characterize your efficacy and getting at that, the ability to have sustained long-term remission will be very important to the regulators. It will also be very important to treating clinicians into patients. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Patrick Ralph Trucchio, H.C. Wainwright & Co, LLC, Research Division - MD of Equity Research & Senior Healthcare Analyst [41] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Got it. And then just regarding potential movement to Crohn's disease, would the plan be to wait for the outcome from SHIFT-UC before moving ahead in Crohn's disease? Or would -- or what would determine if 004 moves ahead in Crohn's? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [42] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- That's currently the thinking that we have planned for Crohn's disease and believe based on rationale, the scientific rationale, that it will work in Crohn's disease. Yes, but I think right now, our lead indication is ulcerative colitis. And based on the data we see there and as we get more experience, we'll be moving Crohn's forward. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [43] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (Operator Instructions) There are no further questions at this time. Sir, you may continue. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheila K. Gujrathi, Gossamer Bio, Inc. - Co-Founder, President, CEO & Director [44] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thank you so much for taking the time and asking all these great questions around our portfolio. So pleased to be able to speak to you all and looking forward to hopefully seeing you at the webinar in December, and more discussions to come. So thank you again. Goodbye. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [45] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Ladies and gentlemen, that does conclude today's conference call. Thank you for participating. You may now disconnect.