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Edited Transcript of MPAA earnings conference call or presentation 15-Jun-20 5:00pm GMT

Q4 2020 Motorcar Parts of America Inc Earnings Call

Torrance Jun 30, 2020 (Thomson StreetEvents) -- Edited Transcript of Motorcar Parts of America Inc earnings conference call or presentation Monday, June 15, 2020 at 5:00:00pm GMT

TEXT version of Transcript

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Corporate Participants

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* David Lee

Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - CFO

* Gary S. Maier

Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - VP of Corporate Communications and IR

* Selwyn H. Joffe

Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO

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Conference Call Participants

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* Brian William Nagel

Oppenheimer & Co. Inc., Research Division - MD & Senior Analyst

* Ryan Ronald Sigdahl

Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC, Research Division - Senior Research Analyst

* Sarkis Sherbetchyan

B. Riley FBR, Inc., Research Division - Associate Analyst

* Scott Lewis Stember

CL King & Associates, Inc., Research Division - Senior VP & Senior Research Analyst

* William J. Dezellem

Tieton Capital Management, LLC - President, CIO & Chief Compliance Officer

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Presentation

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Operator [1]

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Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for standing by and welcome to the Motorcar Parts of America's Fiscal 2020 Fourth Quarter and Year-End Conference Call. (Operator Instructions)

I would now like to hand the conference over to your speaker today, Gary Maier, Investor Relations of Motorcar Parts of America. Please go ahead.

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Gary S. Maier, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - VP of Corporate Communications and IR [2]

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Thank you, Casey, and thanks, everyone, for joining us. I hope everyone is safe and healthy. Before we begin and I turn the call over to Selwyn Joffe, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer; and David Lee, the company's Chief Financial Officer, I'd like to remind everyone of the safe harbor statement included in today's press release.

The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a safe harbor for certain forward-looking statements, including statements made during today's call. Such forward-looking statements are based on the company's current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments and their potential effects on the company. There can be no assurance that future developments affecting the company will be those anticipated by Motorcar Parts of America. Actual results may differ from those projected in the forward-looking statements.

These forward-looking statements involve significant risks and uncertainties, some of which are beyond the control of the company and are subject to change based upon various factors. The company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. For a more detailed discussion of some of these ongoing risks and uncertainties of the company's business, please look at the various filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

With that, I'd like to begin the call, turn it over to Selwyn to begin our discussion.

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [3]

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Thanks, Gary. I appreciate everyone joining us today. I'm going to start off. First off, I want to thank all our team members for their commitment and customer-centric focus on service and for their exceptional pride in all the products we sell and the customer service we provide.

We are particularly grateful to our team during these unprecedented times. Their health and safety remain a top priority. Since the very beginning of this pandemic, we enhanced our already vigorous disinfection procedures. In addition, we implemented stringent social distancing and health safety policies, including the use of protective equipment at our facilities around the globe. For the most part, our corporate team is continuing to work remotely as much as possible, though we are taking steps to gradually and safely return our team back to the office.

During this challenging period, our IT team has been exceptional and laser-focused on maintaining round-the-clock uninterrupted service to our global operations. As a result of everyone's contributions, our operations have continued largely uninterrupted. I'm extremely proud of all the work of our company.

Our ongoing commitment to being socially responsible, particularly during this challenging period, is also noteworthy. One of the company's many initiatives includes food programs for employees and members of the community.

Let me restate what I said in today's press release. We should never lose sight of our individual and collective responsibilities, particularly in times of crisis. And we, as a company, always strive to nurture this spirit in our day-to-day activities.

Clearly, the past few months have been challenging for all of us. But from our vantage point, we see light at the end of the tunnel. While the month of April was strongly impacted across the automotive aftermarket, consumer demand has picked up over the past 1.5 months, with industry observers and retailers reporting encouraging trends as states have opened up and consumers are driving more. We experienced unprecedented declines in April, followed by sharp gains in May and expect that June will continue with this strong sales trend. It is still too early to determine if this trend will continue moving forward, but we are cautiously optimistic.

As highlighted in the press release issued this morning, we reported record sales, positive generation of cash flow from operations and margin improvement. Unfortunately, our results were impacted by 2 major items: firstly, the extraordinary noncash losses due to the weak Mexican peso; and secondly, some onetime transition expenses related to this expansion of ours in Mexico.

The underlying results, however, were very strong. We are making excellent progress in the execution of our strategic plans and investments, and we are on target to complete our strategic build-out in Mexico by the end of the fiscal second quarter. In short, we have a scalable infrastructure, and our growth opportunities remain abundant, particularly as the competitive landscape changes and customers place even more importance on reliable suppliers to meet anticipated demand as the economy recovers.

In summary, all of our initiatives will further our financial performance, particularly as we realize the benefits of our state-of-the-art production of calipers, the relocation of certain additional product lines to our operations in Mexico from our higher-cost domestic production and other related overhead absorption initiatives. In addition, our facility expansion in Malaysia is complete, which will allow us to increase capacity and productivity for our existing product lines and allow us to utilize the additional capacity to reduce dependence on outsourcing certain products or components.

For more than 50 years, MPA has established itself as a leader in the supply of internal combustion vehicle hard parts to our industry. The market size for our current categories is more than $6 billion at the retail level.

According to land marketing research, internal combustion engine vehicles in operation in the United States will increase by 36 million from 2020 through 2030, up from approximately 282 million vehicles in operation last year. These vehicles will continue to age, fueling significant growth in the aftermarket parts replacement industry, well beyond 2030. In fact, these statistics should further benefit from vehicles in the peak size years, entering the prime parts replacement age.

In short, our strategy before and since the pandemic is to leverage our significant channel relationships for aftermarket parts and offer superior parts and solutions to our customers and consumers.

Today, we are relentlessly focused on maintaining our growth rates and enhancing our profitability for the hard parts categories that we offer as well as launching and establishing ourselves within the multibillion-dollar brakes category.

Industry observers believe as the economy opens up, personal vehicles will be the main choice of transportation. In addition, industry reports indicate that personal vehicles will be the preferred mode of transportation for vacations in the foreseeable future. This bodes well for our business.

In addition, during recessionary times, people hold on to their vehicles longer. As these vehicles age, the rate of replacement of parts increases substantially. For example, cars in the 0- to 3-year age group have a replacement rate for alternators of 2.42% compared with 6.65% in the 12-plus-year age group. We are already seeing a significant increase in used car sales versus new car sales, which indicates that consumers are electing a less expensive alternative to car replacement. At the same time, as new car sales return, we still benefit, simply because new cars get old.

As we start a new fiscal year, we are well positioned to benefit from our investments for continued growth, notwithstanding the impact of the April stay-at-home orders across the country. In short, all of our initiatives will further solidify our position as a valued premier supplier of automotive aftermarket parts in North America.

With respect to our diagnostic business, demand for our benchtop tester continues to grow as our customers upgrade their existing testers to meet the latest protocols for starters and alternators. As late-model applications started entering the repair cycle, retailers began increasing their capital expenditures for diagnostic and testing products. During our fiscal fourth quarter, when the pandemic became an issue, our customers' capital expenditures were deferred. But now with the fast pickup in the aftermarket business, the testing expenditures appear to be resuming. These investments support our customers' mission to provide continuing trustworthy advice with regard to whether or not a customer's alternator starter is working properly. This helps significantly reduce a misdiagnosis of the vehicle's problem, which is one of the largest reasons for a return.

To complement our internal combustion business, we have also embraced the advancements of the fast-growing world of electrified transportation. Consequently, we have made investments in the rapidly advancing diagnostics for automotive electric vehicles and the electrification of the aerospace market and military industry.

Our offering of complete solutions for simulation, emulation and production testing for the electric powertrain is gaining traction. Sales activity is gaining momentum, but orders have been temporarily slowed as OE manufacturers for these vehicles reopen. Nonetheless, we are encouraged by order activity from key blue-chip global companies in both the automotive and aerospace industries and the strength of our strategic partnerships within this space.

The increasing global demand for electronic testing products and subscription services represent significant value creation opportunities. In short, our entire company is well positioned for sustainable top and bottom line growth.

Despite favorable sales trends beginning in May, supported by demand for do-it-yourself repairs and improved demand from the professional installer market, the company believes it is prudent at this time to not provide annual guidance.

In summary, notwithstanding the human and economic impact of this terrible pandemic, we are cautiously optimistic about the outlook. Health care professionals and medical researchers around the world appear to be making significant progress in addressing the virus, and we are prepared to do our part to keep vehicles on the road. We expect the number of vehicles in their prime parts replacement age will continue to grow, and we are pleased to see the number of repairs and miles driven regain momentum, particularly as people return to work, lifestyle changes, vacations turn to road trips and a new normal takes hold. All of this supports our optimism for growth and profitability over the next several years. And we remain convinced that our strategy to enhance shareholder value is on target.

I'll now turn the call over to David to review the results for the fiscal fourth quarter and fiscal year.

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David Lee, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - CFO [4]

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Thank you, Selwyn. To begin, I encourage everyone to read the 8-K filed this morning with respect to our March 31, 2020, earnings press release for more detailed explanations of the results. As noted in today's press release, the company has decided to eliminate its reporting of certain non-GAAP financial measures. For information about the items that impacted the results, see Exhibits 1 through 5 of the press release.

Let me take a moment to review the financial highlights for the fiscal 2020 fourth quarter and fiscal year, both periods reflecting record sales. Net sales for the fiscal 2020 fourth quarter increased 16.8% to a record $150.7 million from $129.1 million for the same period a year earlier.

Gross profit for fiscal 2020 fourth quarter was $36.6 million compared with $26 million a year earlier. Gross profit as a percentage of net sales for the fiscal 2020 fourth quarter was 24.3% compared with 20.1% a year earlier. Adjusted gross profit for the fiscal '20 fourth quarter was $40.2 million compared with $36.6 million a year ago. Adjusted gross profit as a percentage of net sales for the 3 months was 26.7% compared with 28.3% a year earlier, as detailed in Exhibit 3 in this morning's earnings press release. Gross profit and adjusted gross profit for the fiscal 2020 fourth quarter were negatively impacted by 0.6% due to core buyback premium amortization, which is not adjusted for in the adjusted gross margin of 26.7%, which I just mentioned. Gross profit and adjusted gross profit for the prior year period were also impacted by several items, as detailed in Exhibit 3, totaling 2.4%.

Total operating expenses increased by $21.6 million to $42.1 million for the fourth quarter from $20.5 million for the prior year. This increase was primarily due to a noncash loss of $13.2 million related to the remeasurement of foreign currency-denominated lease liabilities, specifically our leases in Mexico, and a noncash loss of $7.5 million recorded during the quarter related to the change in the fair value of forward currency contracts related to the significant devaluation in the Mexican peso compared with a noncash gain of $656,000 recorded during the prior period. The devaluation in the Mexican peso versus the U.S. dollar is a benefit to the company because our operating expenses in Mexico are primarily in pesos. Nonetheless, as I just described, there are noncash impacts for the accounting for the fluctuation in the U.S. dollar-Mexico peso exchange rate that may result in noncash gains and losses.

Interest expense was $5.5 million for the fourth quarter compared with $6.7 million last year. The decrease in interest expense was primarily due to lower interest rates, partially offset by increased borrowings and the use of accounts receivable discount programs offered by our customers due to higher sales during the quarter compared with the prior period. Income tax benefit for the fourth quarter was $2.8 million compared with income tax expense of $1.6 million for the prior year period.

Net loss for fiscal 2020 fourth quarter was $8.2 million or $0.43 per share compared with a net loss of $2.8 million or $0.15 per share a year ago. Results for the fiscal 2020 fourth quarter were impacted by items totaling approximately $25.8 million on a pretax basis or $1.02 per share on a tax-effected basis, as detailed in Exhibit 1 in this morning's earnings press release. The $25.8 million includes noncash items of $23 million, primarily consisting of the remeasurement of lease liabilities and the company's forward foreign exchange contracts due to devaluation of the Mexican peso and transition expenses of $2.8 million related to the expansion of the company's footprint in Mexico. The net loss for the prior year period was impacted by items totaling approximately $17.2 million on a pretax basis or $0.70 per share on a tax-effected basis, as detailed in Exhibit 1 in this morning's earnings press release.

Let me now discuss the results for the 12 months ended March 31, 2020. Net sales for fiscal 2020 increased 13.3% to a record $535.8 million from $472.8 million a year earlier. Gross profit for fiscal 2020 was $118.4 million compared with $89.2 million a year earlier. Gross profit as a percentage of net sales for fiscal '20 was 22.1% compared with 18.9% a year earlier. Adjusted gross profit for fiscal 2020 was $135.9 million compared with $117.2 million a year ago. Adjusted gross profit as a percentage of net sales for fiscal 2020 was 25.4% compared with 24.8% a year earlier, as detailed in Exhibit 4 in this morning's earnings press release.

Gross profit and adjusted gross profit for fiscal 2020 were negatively impacted by core buyback premium amortization, customer allowances and return accruals related to new business and the impact of tariff costs before being passed through to customers. This negatively affected adjusted gross margins by a combined 1.2%, which is not adjusted for in the adjusted gross margin of 25.4%, which I just mentioned. Gross profit and adjusted gross profit for the prior fiscal year was negatively impacted by several items detailed in Exhibit 4 in this morning's earnings press release, totaling 2.7%.

Net loss for fiscal 2020 was $7.3 million or $0.39 per share compared with a net loss of $7.8 million or $0.42 per share a year ago. Results for fiscal 2020 were impacted by approximately $50 million on a pretax basis or $1.99 per share on a tax-effected basis, as detailed in Exhibit 2 in this morning's earnings press release. This $50 million includes noncash items of $37.7 million, primarily consisting of noncash mark-to-market expenses related to the significant devaluation in the Mexican peso and the revaluation of cores on customers' shelves. In addition, the items totaling $50 million include $12.3 million, primarily due to transition expenses related to the expansion of the company's footprint in Mexico. The net loss for the prior year period was impacted by items totaling approximately $51.9 million on a pretax basis or $2.08 per share on a tax-effected basis, detailed in Exhibit 2 in this morning's earnings press release.

The company has historically used adjusted EBITDA to calculate its ROIC. We will no longer use adjusted EBITDA. Instead, in order to compute return on invested capital, the company will utilize operating income and add back noncash expenses, including depreciation and amortization, write-down of cores on customers' shelves, core buyback premium amortization, FAS 123(R) expenses, foreign currency mark-to-market gains or losses and certain noncash accruals and onetime expenses. The company believes this metric, considered together with GAAP measures, provides useful information to investors and to management regarding the company's return on invested capital. In short, we take this metric, which was approximately $76 million for fiscal 2020, divide it by the average equity and net debt balance of $410 million, resulting in an 18.5% return on invested capital.

I should point out that we have just begun to realize the benefits of expanding our Mexico operations and the launch of our new brake categories with the expectation of increased returns from both new and existing product lines. This should result in higher ROIC as the benefits of our strategic expansion are realized.

At March 31, 2020, we had net bank debt of approximately $126.5 million, total cash and availability on the revolver credit facility was approximately $108.1 million at March 31, 2020, based on a total $238.6 million revolver credit facility and subject to certain limitations.

Consolidated EBITDA for the purposes of bank covenant calculations for the year ended March 31, 2020, was $80.1 million. In light of COVID-19, we elected to not pay down our revolving credit facility, and we accumulated cash of $49.6 million as of March 31, 2020. Our credit arrangement for computing the senior leverage ratio only allows up to $6 million of credit for cash. If we had paid down the revolving credit facility with cash on hand, our senior leverage ratio would have been 1.77 at March 31, 2020, compared with 2.23 ratio based on the bank's defined calculation of the senior leverage ratio.

At March 31, 2020, the company had approximately $777 million in total assets. Current assets were $409 million, and current liabilities were $318 million. This reflects the adoption of new lease accounting pronouncement, which requires balance sheet recognition of a lease asset and lease liability for all leases.

Net cash provided by operating activities during the fiscal year 2020 fourth quarter was $23.2 million due in part to the management of working capital and the growth of the newly launched brake caliper program during fiscal '20. Net cash provided by operating activities during the full fiscal year 2020 was $18.8 million compared with cash used in operating activities of $40 million for the prior year fiscal 2019. For the reconciliation of items that impact results and non-GAAP financial measures, once again, please refer to Exhibits 1 to 5 in this morning's earnings press release.

I will now open the call for questions, and Selwyn will then provide some closing remarks.

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Questions and Answers

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Operator [1]

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(Operator Instructions) And your first question here comes from the line of Brian Nagel with Oppenheimer.

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [2]

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Sorry, I hope the audio may be in and out a little bit, but hopefully, people could get to hear us. But yes, happy to answer all your questions. Thanks.

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Brian William Nagel, Oppenheimer & Co. Inc., Research Division - MD & Senior Analyst [3]

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I hear you fine, so I don't know...

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [4]

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Okay, great.

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Brian William Nagel, Oppenheimer & Co. Inc., Research Division - MD & Senior Analyst [5]

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Selwyn, I guess the first question I wanted to ask, in your prepared comments, you talked about the rebound in the business in May and then into June as well. Could you just help us size that better, particularly as it relates to the slowdown of business that occurred during in April as the shelter-in-place orders were put into place.

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [6]

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Yes. I think it's good. I normally wouldn't do that, but I do think it's good for the industry and I know our competitors and probably have customers listening. But April was probably a 40% to 50% decline, and May is only a 4% to 10% decline, depending on how you measure it. And we're hoping to -- I mean June's still early, but we hope that we'll be ahead of last year in June.

But we don't know. I mean, I just want to preface that, that's -- June is pretty forward looking, and things are moving around pretty quickly.

But from what I can tell right now, Brian, and this is for everybody, I think it's a great question, I mean, fortunately, for our industry, it looks like there's V curve of recovery, that's going to be subject to all sorts of variables as this pandemic evolves.

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Brian William Nagel, Oppenheimer & Co. Inc., Research Division - MD & Senior Analyst [7]

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That's really helpful. And then a follow-up question to that I have is, we've seen in the past where, particularly during periods of disruption, your retail partners work down inventories and such. I mean, so as you look at that rebound that you're seeing in your business, how much do you think that reflects actual end demand versus some type of inventory adjustments happening to your retail partners?

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [8]

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Well, I got to tell you, I mean -- and I'll just refer to the retailers that have announced their earnings publicly. I mean I don't want to give out their individual information. But based on public information, their sales have recovered dramatically. So I don't believe much of it is inventory. I think most of this is actual demand because if you think about it, going through March, we had record sales and shipments, and so inventory levels at our customers were probably very good. And then April, you have these massive declines where they don't order, but they're still sitting on pretty good inventory.

And so I don't believe that it is disproportionately skewed by inventory, not to say that someone isn't building some inventory. I think that the outlook is that we have the spring demand and the summer demand compressed into one. And so hopefully, again, as we see people driving more, which hopefully will continue, the choice of vacations, the choice of transportation being in personal vehicles as opposed to public vehicles, the decline of ridesharing, I mean, I think even car pooling is affected -- will be affected by it. So -- and with the weather, we've come off a very -- all the conditions we've come off have been pretty adverse. I mean we've had very mild weather coming out of a mild winter.

If we get increased miles driven, I think people are going to be more concerned about making sure their vehicles are in working condition. And we have a hot summer. I mean the outlook could be good.

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Operator [9]

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Your next question comes from the line of Steve Dyer with Craig-Hallum Capital Group.

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Ryan Ronald Sigdahl, Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC, Research Division - Senior Research Analyst [10]

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It's Ryan on for Steve. Maybe just to start to piggyback off that last question. But it sounds like some inventory destocking in April and May from your key customers based on kind of their sales and what you just mentioned in those months for you guys. Is it reasonable to assume then that there could be some pent-up demand later this calendar year to refill and restock that channel in addition to the end-customer demand rebounding? Or is it now kind of getting to more of a right-sized position?

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [11]

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Look, I think the one thing we know for certain is that we don't know anything for certain. I mean that's the one thing that we know. Again, if you sort of extrapolate where we are today, I think that the theory of pent-up demand is a pretty strong one. I think, again, it's going to be -- the priority for people is going to be to make sure that vehicle is in good operating condition.

And I do think that while we're seeing a pop now, the professional installer market is just rebounding. It's been late to the rebound. That will pick up some momentum. And I'm personally under static vision. I'm fairly optimistic, but I'm also cautious to be too optimistic because there's a lot of uncertainty.

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Ryan Ronald Sigdahl, Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC, Research Division - Senior Research Analyst [12]

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Yes. No, that's fair. Maybe just on brake caliper specifically, you had a nice big award kind of the initial award that was this year. Any traction there or any new awards to note?

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [13]

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Look, we expect our brake caliper business to be at a run rate of at least $50 million by the end of this fiscal year. We've got lots of traction.

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Ryan Ronald Sigdahl, Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC, Research Division - Senior Research Analyst [14]

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And then as it relates to free cash flow, so free cash flow in the quarter and for the year, which is nice. How do you see that? Do you think you can remain free cash flow positive and then improve throughout the year?

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [15]

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Well, I think what it shows that in a relatively static environment, the company generates a lot of cash. I believe we're going to be deploying cash to complete our buildings in Mexico. We're going to be deploying some cash to complete the ramp-up of the caliper facilities. We're going to be deploying cash to get through the final stages of our transition. So I think we're going to have some use of cash. Liquidity continues to be strong, and we've got some nice opportunities that we're looking at and those take cash. But in a stable environment and we're getting there as we get through the end of this calendar year. As we get into our new facilities, we should see -- again, the back end of the year should be much stronger in terms of cash flow than the early part of this year.

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Ryan Ronald Sigdahl, Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC, Research Division - Senior Research Analyst [16]

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Got it. And then last one, just kind of a housekeeping item, so we're all on the same page here. But you're eliminating certain non-GAAP financial measures. It appears like the only difference this quarter was you gave the non-GAAP adjustments. You broke those out, but you didn't explicitly state adjusted EPS and adjusted EBITDA. Is this the way you guys plan to report going forward? And I guess what's the rationale to change kind of this hybrid approach?

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [17]

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Yes. I mean this is the way we intend to report going forward, I mean subject to us thinking there's a better way. But the rationale is under the new 606 recognition, revenue recognition, there's some debate as to whether you can have adjustments that relate to revenue. And so if you eliminate those adjustments because, unfortunately, in our business, these expenses that we think are very adjustable affect revenue, which means that they're not adjustable. So -- and we're moving towards relying on GAAP numbers as we get through December and our transition is over. We think that the GAAP numbers are going to speak for themselves. So this is the beginning of a transition to be more GAAP-oriented.

We've gone through significant growth and really significant change in the way we operate, and so we felt it's been very necessary to show that, and we're still showing it. But as we get through towards the end of the year, we think that will become less important.

Although we do -- and I might point out and I appreciate this question actually. The Mexican currency mark-to-market is something that we don't adjust for, but just because you want to move to GAAP numbers. But we have our -- the Mexican leases on our Mexico subsidiary books, and so -- and they're dollar leases. So to the extent that those leases -- if the Mexican peso declines in value versus the U.S. dollar, the amount of Mexican peso liability on the balance sheet in Mexico has to increase, the asset never increases. And so when you consolidate, you have to take that loss, and that's why we're going to have some big variations. I mean I expect to see big gains, big losses as the year goes along, but we're going to have those that are going to superficially affect our numbers.

And then the amortization and core write-downs and customer shelves, which are all noncash, we're going to continue to have those fluctuations. And so we will call those out.

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Operator [18]

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Your next question comes from the line of Scott Stember with CL King.

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Scott Lewis Stember, CL King & Associates, Inc., Research Division - Senior VP & Senior Research Analyst [19]

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So when you had said that you gave the numbers for April and May, I think you said, down 4% to 10% for the month of May. That was year-over-year, but that was for the whole month. And if it was, what was the exit run rate heading into June? So if you just kind of get a sense of what to potentially look for in June?

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [20]

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June, again, it looks like June is a -- will match last year or even be up. And so I just want to caution one thing with -- revenue recognition policies only allow us to recognize revenue when the customer takes ownership. So we may have -- from our perspective, we may have some cut off in terms of revenue, but unit volume is very, very strong.

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Scott Lewis Stember, CL King & Associates, Inc., Research Division - Senior VP & Senior Research Analyst [21]

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Okay. And just going back over to the decision to report formally on a GAAP basis. In the past, one of the major differences was, I guess, related to the buybacks of the cores off the customer shelves for new business. Where are we with that? Are we going to be seeing charges like that in the future? Or is that one of the reasons since that -- some of those arrangements, I believe, have ended. Is that just indicative of the fact that you expect the earnings to stand on its own merit without having to add anything back?

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [22]

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Well, I think, Scott, we now amortize the difference in the book value versus the core repurchase price over May-June period. And so that's going to be amortization number. And as far as core buybacks continue not continuing, I mean, clearly, we bought back an enormous amount of cores. And relative to the business that we have right now that is coming towards an end. But I don't know if we're going to get more business or not, that requires core buyback. We're going to have to evaluate that as we go down the road.

I think our industry on the supply side, we prefer not to be paying cash out from core buybacks. And I think maybe this event will make people more rational. But I will tell you, we're committed to keeping ahead of the industry.

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Scott Lewis Stember, CL King & Associates, Inc., Research Division - Senior VP & Senior Research Analyst [23]

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Okay. And just in general, from a profitability standpoint, I know we're not giving guidance here. But assuming that these trends continue and that we get back to normal, what can you say about your expectations about -- just give us any guidance whether -- or informal guidance, whether it's from an adjusted standpoint or even a nonadjusted, whether it's gross margins or -- and the bottom line.

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [24]

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Yes. I mean, unfortunately, Scott, once we start that, that means we are giving guidance. I mean there's so much uncertainty. I think the rule of thumb is our historical adjusted margins have been -- should remain stable, and that we have incremental costs that relate to COVID. I mean we're spending money to make sure our employees remain safe. Our fill rates for our product is excellent despite social distancing in our factories, special meal programs in our factories, separation of functions and duties. We take turns right now in terms of scheduling people who come into the office, so we can have equivalent and appropriate social distancing.

So while this pandemic continues, there's going to be some incremental expenses. We will try and capture those. I will say that we have not taken or nor do we qualify for any help from the government. We have not needed any of that. And we have had no covenant issues at all with our bank debt, in fact, had extremely strong cash flow.

So we're proud of where we are, and we're ready to buckle down and make sure this thing works. We've cut costs significantly throughout our organization. While there's a decline in revenue and the revenues pick up, I think we're going to have to scale up a little bit to manage that. But as of now, I think that an assumption of sort of status quo margins, subject to COVID expenses is probably a safe one.

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Scott Lewis Stember, CL King & Associates, Inc., Research Division - Senior VP & Senior Research Analyst [25]

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All right. Then last question, David. I missed the cash flow numbers for the year and for the quarter. Can you just give that one more time?

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David Lee, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - CFO [26]

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Yes. For the fourth quarter, we generated $23.2 million in cash from operating activities. For the full year, we generated $18.8 million cash from operating activities.

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Scott Lewis Stember, CL King & Associates, Inc., Research Division - Senior VP & Senior Research Analyst [27]

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And what were capital expenditures for the year?

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David Lee, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - CFO [28]

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The $19 million. So the majority of that is growth CapEx as we're expanding in our Mexico footprint.

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [29]

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So we should be coming towards the end of that CapEx expenditures as we get through this calendar year, and maintenance CapEx will be less than half of that.

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David Lee, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - CFO [30]

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Correct.

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Operator [31]

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Your next question here comes from the line of Sarkis Sherbetchyan with B. Riley.

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Sarkis Sherbetchyan, B. Riley FBR, Inc., Research Division - Associate Analyst [32]

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So I just wanted to actually touch on deploying additional cash to complete the building in Mexico and also the calipers. Have you ever kind of -- let us know how much that use of cash is going to be. So essentially, what's left?

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David Lee, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - CFO [33]

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So the 10-K will be filed later today, and we'll have in there $11 million of CapEx for fiscal '21 that we just started for completing the majority of the Mexico footprint.

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Sarkis Sherbetchyan, B. Riley FBR, Inc., Research Division - Associate Analyst [34]

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Got it. And is that $11 million number the total?

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David Lee, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - CFO [35]

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On top of that, there will be about $6 million of maintenance Capex. So you're looking at a total of about $17 million.

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Sarkis Sherbetchyan, B. Riley FBR, Inc., Research Division - Associate Analyst [36]

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Okay. Great. I mean -- and would that include the cash for the expansion of the calipers as well?

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David Lee, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - CFO [37]

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Yes.

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Sarkis Sherbetchyan, B. Riley FBR, Inc., Research Division - Associate Analyst [38]

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Okay. Perfect. And then just kind of -- I know some of the others asked about some of the changes in the non-GAAP presentation. Maybe can you remind us what key metrics management is using as part of its planning purposes and kind of judging the health of the business on a go-forward basis? Just kind of help us understand what we should also be paying attention to closely.

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [39]

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Yes. Well, we talked about return on invested capital, how we look at that, and we eliminate the noncash expenses. I mean, the mark-to-market on lease revaluation is noneconomic. We feel like almost all the noncash expenses that we have are noneconomic. I mean, depreciation and amortization, obviously, we have maintenance CapEx in line with that.

But -- so -- and really the cause or sort of a separate in some ways there, and I don't like to use this word, but they're a separate segment. But I don't want to get into that as segments for GAAP purposes. But if you do the analysis of looking at our -- the core portion of our business, that's a little separate from the fundamentals of the finished goods sales and the margins on the finished goods sales.

So return on invested capital, margins will fluctuate by product group. None of the product groups have had the same margins. They all fluctuate a little bit based on that. But generally, lower-margin product has a higher return on invested capital. Usually, there's less CapEx related to them. The higher-margin business like brake calipers, rotating electrical requires significant more capital expenditures to get to those.

And so net-net, it's a return on invested capital. We've been operating the mid-teens right now, mid- to high teens in terms of return on invested capital. Once we get through with initiatives of completing our facilities and getting moved, I mean, I expect those to go up by double digits.

So I don't know if that answers your question, Sarkis? Anything else?

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Sarkis Sherbetchyan, B. Riley FBR, Inc., Research Division - Associate Analyst [40]

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Yes, it does. Have you communicated a target to go up double digits? I mean, is that -- any target in mind that you'd like to aspire to?

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [41]

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Yes. I mean, I think I've said this before, we've historically said we'd like to hit a 35% pretax return on invested capital. We've got to get through -- we're spending a lot of capital right now in transition. We've tripled the size of our Mexico facility, almost doubled the size of the Malaysian facility. We've expanded our Indian capacity. And so a lot of investment spending for our future right now.

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Operator [42]

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(Operator Instructions) Your next question here comes from the line of Bill Dezellem with Tieton Capital.

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William J. Dezellem, Tieton Capital Management, LLC - President, CIO & Chief Compliance Officer [43]

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First of all, the brake caliper business, would you please give us an update on the move to Mexico and where you're at in that transition?

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [44]

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Yes. So the brake caliper factory is up and running. The remanufacturing facility is up and running. Core sorting is up and running in a temporary facility right now as we complete our main. We've taken delivery now of all of the real estate. We have 3 new buildings. We call them building A, B and C. Building A is our new distribution center. Building B is our brake caliper remanufacturing facility, and building C is additional logistics and core sorting facility.

They're all complete. We've taken -- we've now taken possession of all of them, build-outs in building B are reaching final stages. In building C, they're beginning.

So great progress, been tricky during the COVID outbreaks in Mexico, and Mexico still is experiencing some tough times. So -- but we remain, for the most part, on track. I mean team there has done an amazing job of keeping it going despite a lot of handicaps.

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William J. Dezellem, Tieton Capital Management, LLC - President, CIO & Chief Compliance Officer [45]

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And are you still producing brake calipers in California? Or has that all moved now to Mexico?

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [46]

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We still produce brake boosters, I believe you're probably referring to, in California. About half of that has moved to Mexico. And over the next 6 months, we're expecting the other half to go.

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William J. Dezellem, Tieton Capital Management, LLC - President, CIO & Chief Compliance Officer [47]

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Okay. So Selwyn, I apologize for the ignorance here, but I thought both the calipers and the boosters were starting in California and then moving to Mexico?

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [48]

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No, no. Our engineering capabilities for calipers and boosters are both in California. So quality assurance, engineering, catalog and all of that stuff is still in the U.S.A., but calipers is in Mexico, directly in Mexico.

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Operator [49]

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And I'm not showing any further questions that are in the queue at this time. I will now turn the call back over to Selwyn Joffe for closing comments.

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Selwyn H. Joffe, Motorcar Parts of America, Inc. - Chairman, President & CEO [50]

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Okay. Well, first of all, I appreciate everybody's time, and I hope everybody is doing well. I think just to summarize, and we've had some good questions. I mean our investments are starting to bear fruit. We remain confident that this is the right way to go for the future. We have solid new business commitments for brake calipers. We expect strong business growth as we ramp up our production. Notwithstanding the many challenges that we have in the world today, new business commitments and business is continuing. That's supported by an expanding line of products in both hard parts and diagnostics.

The near-term outlook appears positive. We are proud of our more than 50-year history in the aftermarket industry and all of us are committed to our vision of being the global leader for parts and solutions that move our world today and tomorrow with the electric vehicle initiatives.

We appreciate your continued support, and we thank you again for joining us for the call. And we look forward to speaking with you when we host our fiscal 2021 first quarter conference call in August and, hopefully, soon at investor conferences sometime in the future. Thank you so much.

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Operator [51]

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And ladies and gentlemen, this concludes today's conference call. Thank you for participating. You may now disconnect.