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Edited Transcript of NLY earnings conference call or presentation 2-May-19 1:00pm GMT

Q1 2019 Annaly Capital Management Inc Earnings Call

NEW YORK May 23, 2019 (Thomson StreetEvents) -- Edited Transcript of Annaly Capital Management Inc earnings conference call or presentation Thursday, May 2, 2019 at 1:00:00pm GMT

TEXT version of Transcript


Corporate Participants


* David L. Finkelstein

Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - CIO

* Glenn A. Votek

Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - CFO

* Jillian Detmer

Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - Head of IR & Marketing

* Kevin G. Keyes

Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - Chairman, CEO & President


Conference Call Participants


* Bose Thomas George

Keefe, Bruyette, & Woods, Inc., Research Division - MD

* Douglas Michael Harter

Crédit Suisse AG, Research Division - Director

* George Bahamondes

Deutsche Bank AG, Research Division - Senior Research Analyst

* Mark C. DeVries

Barclays Bank PLC, Research Division - Director & Senior Research Analyst

* Matthew Philip Howlett

Nomura Securities Co. Ltd., Research Division - Research Analyst

* Richard Barry Shane

JP Morgan Chase & Co, Research Division - Senior Equity Analyst




Operator [1]


Good morning, and welcome to the Annaly Capital Management quarterly conference call. (Operator Instructions) Please note, this event is being recorded.

I would now like to turn the conference over to Jillian Detmer, Head of Investor Relations and Marketing. Please go ahead.


Jillian Detmer, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - Head of IR & Marketing [2]


Good morning, and welcome to the First Quarter 2019 Earnings Call for Annaly Capital Management, Inc. Any forward-looking statements made during today's call are subject to risks and uncertainties, which are outlined in the Risk Factors section in our most recent annual and quarterly SEC filings.

Actual events and results may differ materially from these forward-looking statements. We encourage you to read the forward-looking statements disclaimer in our earnings release in addition to our quarterly and annual filings.

Additionally, the content of this conference call may contain time-sensitive information that is accurate only as of the date of the earnings call. We do not undertake and specifically disclaim any obligation to update or revise this information.

During this call, we may present both GAAP and non-GAAP financial measures. A reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP measures is included in our earnings release.

As a reminder, Annaly routinely posts important information for investors on the company's website, www.annaly.com. Content referenced in today's call can be found in our first quarter 2019 investor presentation and first quarter 2019 financial supplement, both found under the Presentation section of our website.

Annaly intends to use our web page as a means of disclosing material nonpublic information, for complying with the company's disclosure obligations under Regulation FD and to post and update investor presentations and similar materials on a regular basis.

Annaly encourages investors, analysts, the media and others interested in Annaly to monitor the company's website in addition to following Annaly's press releases, SEC filings, public conference calls, presentations, webcasts and other information it posts from time to time on its website. Please also note, this event is being recorded.

Participants on this morning's call include Kevin Keyes, Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President; David Finkelstein, Chief Investment Officer; Glenn Votek, Chief Financial Officer; Mike Fania, Annaly Head of Residential Credit Group; Tim Gallagher, Annaly Head of Commercial Real Estate Group; and Tim Coffey, Chief Credit Officer.

I'll now turn the conference over to Kevin Keyes.


Kevin G. Keyes, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - Chairman, CEO & President [3]


Thank you, Jillian. Good morning, everyone, and welcome to the call. Today, we see the return of flashing red lights across markets. The environment is characterized by a flattening curve, the hunt for yield has compressed credit spreads with little differentiation of risk. Hypnotizing low volatility has resurfaced and trended 70% lower than the Christmas Eve high.

The correlation between the S&P 500 and treasury market has risen over 20% in the past 2 months. The last time cross-asset correlations increased this much was in advance of the spike in volatility and the sudden market correction that followed in the fourth quarter of last year. And IPO volume, always a leading indicator of a high-priced equity market, already stands at approximately $30 billion for the year, a dangerously high level not seen since 2007.

Within this challenging marketplace, there are 3 significant and expanding macro realities which substantiate Annaly's important position in any market environment: GSE mandatory shrinkage and potential reform; the Fed's exit from MBS purchases; and banks reducing their footprint in the mortgage market.

Going forward and over the long term, Annaly's model, size, diversity and scalability provide the market a permanent capital solution for the [REIT distribution] of these assets and provide our shareholders a unique opportunity to participate in the growth of our relevance, not only in the mortgage markets but also in the financial sector and the economy overall.

So first, GSE mandatory shrinkage and potential reform. One of the more notable developments since our last call was the appointment of Mark Calabria as the Director of the Federal Housing Finance Agency. In his first interview in his role, he has stressed a renewed focus to return Fannie and Freddie to private hands.

While GSE reform remains highly topical, the reality is we have already been experiencing reform without legislation. Most notably, in the form of the credit risk sharing transactions. Since its inception in 2013, the CRT market has grown considerably with cumulative issuance in excess of $70 billion, transferring a significant portion of credit risk on $2.8 trillion of unpaid principal balance.

In anticipation of the growth of this market, which has fueled the revitalization of new issuance in private label residential credit, Annaly positioned itself to capitalize on the future of housing finance, opportunistically investing in CRT as well as loans to borrowers currently underserved by the bank channel.

Since 2015, we have expanded our origination joint ventures and platform, growing our portfolio to approximately $3.5 billion today.

As GSE shrinkage continues, taking shape in the coming months and years, dedicated private capital will be necessary to absorb increased supply from the GSEs to the U.S. housing market to continue to function efficiently.

Second, I've also stated that the Fed exiting the mortgage market is a huge opportunity for Annaly and the private market overall.

Permanent capital is needed as a solution for the [REIT distribution] of these assets as well. Since the Fed began tapering reinvestments in October of 2017, $200 billion of mortgage assets have shifted back to the private markets. Over this time, Annaly has added about $30 billion of assets, which equates to roughly 15% of the total runoff.

While the Fed's actions are influencing markets across sectors, Annaly has demonstrated its relevance as a long-term owner of these assets, while providing our own influence in leadership and helping to shape the future of housing finance in the U.S. We are a leading voice on the FHFAs implementation of a new common security called the Uniform Mortgage-Backed Security, or UMBS, through our active participation on SIFMA's Advisory Council.

We have co-authored the industry's thought leadership paper with the New York Fed on the CRT market and have a dedicated government relations effort in Washington, D.C., focused on providing market insight and structuring advice to policymakers.

The third long-term opportunity for Annaly is the result of banks shrinking their mortgage businesses. Back in 2016, I stated on an earnings call that the impact of regulation was more obvious than ever and all 4 of our businesses were designed to fill the emerging voids in the investment and financing markets, caused by the evolving regulatory playbook.

Although banks remain the single largest holder of U.S. mortgage debt, their mortgage-related exposure has trended lower as a result of the regulatory regime. And nonbanks have stepped in accordingly. The top 15 bank mortgage originators have seen their market share reduce by 30% since 2012 as other originators have increased volume.

Since the beginning of 2014, nonbanks' share of total agency mortgage origination is up from 29% to 53% of the market. This ongoing shift was recently reinforced in first quarter earnings commentary from bank executives, highlighting the retreat in mortgage origination and servicing exposure.

Wells Fargo management recognized that nonbank competitors have set the bar and will remain active participants on both the origination and servicing side. JPMorgan management further acknowledged by stating, "not all nonbanks are situated similarly, there's some healthy, thriving, well capitalized and responsibly run companies and there are some others who may not be standing at the end of another downturn."

We couldn't agree more that all nonbanks are not -- are created equal. Just like we've stressed for the mortgage REIT industry for the past number of years. This is where Annaly uniquely fits in as an established large liquid capital and financing partner within the mortgage supply chain.

While nearly all other companies within the financial sector and even most of Corporate America require the heavy investment in the design, manufacturing, sales and servicing of products to grow and gain market share, Annaly doesn't have to invest to create supply. Rather over the past 5 years, we have already built a home for the redistribution and ownership of this increasing supply, from the GSEs, the Fed and the banks with our $16 billion capital base, our liquidity and our diversified structure.

We have in-house expertise to underwrite the credit manufactured by these other entities. Our proprietary partnerships with originators provide us a unique role, granting us access to the product and the market knowledge that comes with it without paying for the underlying infrastructure. And our differentiated ability to finance the assets we own, sets us apart as a partner and as an independent operator.

Regarding financing, as I discussed on our last quarterly earnings call, our financing expertise and focus on capital optimization is a major competitive theme this year. We have continued to expand beyond traditional financing for the credit businesses and for the agency businesses as part of our 10 distinct financing alternatives.

We have demonstrated our capital markets leadership through alternative methods of execution such as the securitization in CLO markets. Specifically, we have completed 5 residential securitizations for aggregate proceeds of roughly $2 billion since the beginning of 2018, including 2 this year, establishing Annaly as the fourth largest nonbank issuer in the residential sector over the last year.

Our $850 million commercial real estate CLO executed in the first quarter is the largest in the market this year and the sixth largest post-crisis. These transactions effectively increase our leverage returns by over 75 basis points and provide additional liquidity for more efficient reinvestments over the long term. With these financings, a new set of investors are clearly endorsing our investments and strategy, credit discipline and underwriting capabilities.

With respect to financing efforts for the agency portfolio, we have secured what no other company in the industry can claim. We have limited our exposure with our own broker-dealer to less than 1/4 of our total repo balance and uniquely diversify the counterparties the entity faces with 40% direct repo to over a dozen sizable proprietary financing partners such as sovereign wealth funds and pension funds.

And then another step to increase our capital efficiency, we announced the redemption of the preferred equity acquired as part of the MTGE acquisition. With this redemption, we retired capital 25% more expensive than our most recent preferred issue in 2018, illustrating our ability through consolidation to clean up a formally inefficient capital structure, capturing savings for all shareholders.

Also this past quarter, we published a comprehensive narrative around our extensive corporate responsibility commitment, further augmented by our annual report and proxy statement. As investors have sharpened their focus on ESG, we have enhanced our disclosure to underscore the way we have long managed the business and further defined metrics we feel are important to our shareholders.

As outlined in our quarterly investor presentation, recent research has validated that greater representation of women on boards is linked to stronger company performance. More distinctly, having more women in senior leadership roles and agenda diverse workforce, as we have at Annaly, more broadly boosts profitability, enhances risk management and contributes to lower price and earnings volatility.

Our attention to ESG is a differentiator amongst our peers and the entire market and is validated by our sustained performance. Since 2014, Annaly's quarterly total shareholder returns exhibit the lowest volatility in the agency sector by far, and we have produced core earnings per share 90% more stable than the industry average.

This quarter, we produced an ESG disclosure scorecard in our investor presentation, benchmarking relevant metrics against our peers. Metrics that we believe need to be disclosed by every single public company.

We continue to embrace leading corporate governance practices across all aspects of our business and constantly focus on alignment with shareholders. As further evidence of this commitment, this past quarter, we proactively reduced the management fee on incremental capital we raised by almost 30%. This is the ultimate act of governance and clearly demonstrates the benefits of our scale and operational efficiency we have achieved as our company continues to grow.

Since the fourth quarter of 2013, we've delivered unmatched stability with our dividend, the product of our diversification strategy in operating efficiencies. For 22 consecutive quarters, we distributed the same dividend. While in 19 of those 22 quarters, the 2s 10s curve flattened, the type of streak never seen before in the market. Also during this time, Annaly's dividend yield on book value has risen nearly 250 basis points, while the 2s 10s spread has contracted by the same magnitude.

We have remained transparent about real returns achievable in today's market using prudent leverage. A primary focus of our last earnings call highlighted that current returns were not as lofty as others suggested or were achievable only due to short-term market dynamics we didn't assume would ever persist, such as favorable dislocations in the LIBOR-OIS relationship.

Accordingly, we have preannounced an expected quarterly dividend $0.25 for the second quarter and for the remainder of 2019. This translates to a yield in line with our historical payout ratio over the past 5 years and is more reflective of our less levered diversified business mix. Although we could maintain elevated earnings and dividend payouts by increasing leverage, we are focused on optimal liquidity thresholds in managing the portfolio within conservative risk parameters to produce the highest level of quality earnings in this market environment.

Annaly's strong record will -- strong track record will continue. We will continue to deliver sustainable income to our shareholders through our diversified cyclical and countercyclical businesses. Our high-margin, low-beta cash flow engine is built to endure any market. We are positioned for the long term as an influential market leader in the future of real estate finance and business lending across the country.

With that, I'll turn the call over to David to discuss our investment activity and outlook.


David L. Finkelstein, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - CIO [4]


Thank you, Kevin. The Federal Reserve's meaningful policy shift drove financial markets in the first (technical difficulty) interest rates, lower implied volatilities, spread tightening across fixed income sectors. Agency MBS retraced a portion of the spread widening that plagued the sector in the fourth quarter (technical difficulty) and other risk sectors.

We added $14 billion in assets, the vast majority of which allocated to the agency sector, increasing our equity capital allocation agency to 76%. We generated a 6.2% economic return over the quarter with leverage in line with year-end at 7 turns.

Turning to portfolio activity and beginning with the agency business, our asset additions included both pools as well as TBAs, the majority of which were purchased coincident with our equity raise in January and levered returns in excess of 100 basis points above current levels.

Higher-quality specified pools significantly outperform more generic collateral, given a renewed demand for call protection in light of lower rates. Investor preference for pools has also been motivated by concerns of a more negatively convex TBA deliverable as the Fed further unwinds its portfolio and originators continue to deliver higher loan rate loans into relatively lower coupon securities.

While these concerns are certainly valid, they appear to be now priced into the TBA market and thus, we anticipate maintaining our holdings of TBAs over the near term.

Further widening between pool and TBA pricing may suggest that expectations of the cheapest to deliver cohort are overly pessimistic, in which case the option to take delivery of TBAs may be a viable strategy.

On the hedging side, the decrease in our hedge ratio is largely attributable to runoff of shorter dated swaps. We opted to maintain this lower hedge ratio as the decline in interest rates, reduced MBS durations and consequently, our rate exposure remains well contained and consistent with that of year-end in spite of the swap runoff.

Shifting to our credit businesses, in our residential strategy, as Kevin noted, we have completed 2 securitizations thus far in the year and continue to reduce our reliance on FHLB financing for whole loans.

The first transaction in January involved agency eligible investor loans where the market has demonstrated a greater appetite for credit exposure to these borrowers, the GSEs through more advantageous pricing.

Our second transaction in April consisted of non-QM -- sorry, consisted of non-QM collateral characterized by high credit quality, expanded prime borrowers with minimal mitigating factors, but the non-QM classification has led the traditional bank origination model to neglect these borrowers.

Both transactions generated low double-digit returns on retained bonds with minimal repo leverage, a return nearly impossible to achieve through purchasing assets in the secondary market at today's spreads.

New origination whole loans remain cheap to securities and we closed nearly $400 million loans in the first quarter. We continue to expand our loan acquisition channels, and we expect to remain a programmatic issuer through our Onslow Bay subsidiary.

In our commercial business, while asset additions did exceed runoff, our CLO execution led to a roughly 20% decline in the economic interest of the portfolio. As Kevin discussed, the terms of the transaction compared favorably to warehouse line financing as the roughly 80% advance rate sold at a weighted average spread of 163 basis points, increased the yield on retained assets by over 75 basis points.

Further, the nonrecourse nature of the CLO structure improves the [liquidity] profile of our portfolio. We do remain cautious on the commercial sector, given both underlying asset prices (technical difficulty). We expect to maintain our allocation of the sector and the ability to replace CLO runoff back into the vehicle at prelocked-in economics will help achieve without sacrificing returns or credit quality.

Our Middle Market Lending business shrank modestly this past quarter. However, similar to CRE, this is a function of the successful distribution of assets, notably the completion of our syndication of a $440 million loan priced in the fourth quarter and subsequent disposition of $177 million of that loan in the first quarter.

Looking forward, we do not expect to see the nearly 50% annual asset growth in our MML business that we have achieved over the past 3 years as the number of opportunities with countercyclical profiles with appropriate sponsors has not kept pace with historical averages.

We do remain a reliable partner to private equity with the ability to provide considerable liquidity to the Middle Market sector and our ability to be selective in credit and hold larger positions is a significant differentiating factor that we will continue to utilize.

Now as we look forward, we intend to preserve a higher allocation to agency, given better fundamentals and a favorable valuation relative to credit over the near term. However, we remain active across our credit businesses.

We expect to maintain our exposure through healthy pipelines, which should offset upcoming payoffs, given the pristine quality of our assets. This allows us to hold a considerable option to move quickly should we see what we believe to be a transitory dislocation similar to this past December.

In the meantime, our leverage may increase modestly as a result of higher agency allocation, but it is certainly not our intention to increase leverage in attempt to fight the reality of tight asset spreads in a persistently flat yield curve.

We will continue to navigate the current market environment in a prudent fashion across our businesses, resulting in a lower levered, more diversified and higher credit quality -- higher-quality return for our shareholders.

Now with that, I will hand it over to Glenn to discuss the financials.


Glenn A. Votek, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - CFO [5]


Thank you, David. While our earnings release discloses both GAAP and non-GAAP financial results, I'll be focusing this morning primarily on our non-GAAP core results and related metrics all excluding PAA.

Additionally, a number of the themes for the year that Kevin has discussed were quite evident in the quarter, notably capital optimization and technology and I'll briefly touch on certain aspects of each of those.

So beginning with the financial results for the quarter, we generated core earnings of $433 million or $0.29 a share, which compares to $417 million also $0.29 a share in Q4.

We reported a GAAP loss of $0.63 versus prior quarter GAAP loss of $1.74. Among the factors impacting the GAAP results were losses on the hedge portfolio and investment sales, both of which improved from the prior quarter. Comprehensive income, which includes fair value changes in our agency portfolio running through equity, was $811 million or $0.56 per share and resulted in a 3% increase in book value.

Interest income was up modestly in the quarter but was largely offset by a decline in dollar roll income and interest expense increased driven by both higher rates and balances with our average repo rate for the quarterly increasing roughly 21 basis points. The higher interest cost was fully offset by the interest component of our swaps portfolio, which remains in a net receipt position and resulted in our overall cost of funds declining modestly.

However, we expect this benefit to diminish, given current LIBOR and repo funding rates and maturing swaps that have contributed to a net receipt position. So while our net interest margin was 151 basis points for the quarter, these factors, coupled with a persistently flat yield curve, will exert pressure on our net interest margins going forward.

During the quarter, we generated attractive returns using conservative leverage levels as core ROE improved slightly to 11.6% and our core ROE per unit of leverage was 166 basis points, also slightly improved from Q4 as economic leverage was unchanged at 7x as David had previously noted.

Portfolio assets grew $14 billion led by agency investments, which is largely where the capital raise early in the quarter was deployed, and the CLO and securitization that Kevin mentioned, created movement among the balance sheet accounts during the quarter that's worth highlighting.

The transactions resulted in $1.1 billion in assets moving within the balance sheet from loans into assets transferred or pledged to securitization vehicles. And that contributed to the loans balance on our balance sheet declining $707 million and conversely assets transferred or pledged to securitization vehicles increasing by $532 million.

Our actual loan purchases and originations in the quarter were approximately $715 million and total credit assets sourced during the quarter were over $1 billion.

And lastly, an aspect of our business that we've routinely highlighted that is constantly borne out by our financial results is the efficiency and scale of our operating platform. Our efficiency metrics, which improved in the quarter continue to be best-in-class and our technology investments continue to allow us to exceed in this area.

We've invested significantly in technology since the beginning of 2016, adding talent to drive our long-term IT strategy to create state-of-the-art systems as we continue to diversify into new product areas and leverage the investment expertise across our business.

We spent over $50 million on technology over this time frame on our multiphase IT plan. You may have noticed that we filed a press release along with our earnings announcement yesterday regarding execution of 1 element of the plan, that being master data management, or MDM, which focuses on the effective delivery and leveraging of data across the firm.

We live in a moment where technology can redefine processes to drive efficiencies and enhance data analytics to support business investment decisions. We're embracing these technologies and we're already seeing the benefits that will become even more strategically important as our partnerships expand and our business growth continues.

And so with that, Debbie, we will open it up for questions.


Questions and Answers


Operator [1]


(Operator Instructions) The first question comes from Bose George with KBW.


Bose Thomas George, Keefe, Bruyette, & Woods, Inc., Research Division - MD [2]


Actually, I wanted to ask about returns in the agency market, it sounds like that's where you see the best opportunities. But can you talk a little bit more specifically about spreads and what kind of leverage are you targeting for the agency business?


David L. Finkelstein, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - CIO [3]


Sure, Bose, this is David. In terms of returns, the current yield on Agency MBS is around 330 with funding costs in the low 260s, and you get a hedge benefit of about 20 to 25 basis points. And that leads to at 8 turns of leverage, a little over 10.5% levered, 9 turns is a little bit over 11.5%.

The way we look at agency leverage, we do have a barbelled approach, we're very under-levered in the credit businesses, the average is about 1 turn. And we do use the agency portfolio to help fund a portion of those assets. So agency leverage is somewhat artificially higher, it's about 9 turns currently. Does that answer your question?


Bose Thomas George, Keefe, Bruyette, & Woods, Inc., Research Division - MD [4]


Yes. Yes, that's helpful. And then just wanted to get your thoughts on agency spreads and in the scenario, where rates rally or potentially go the other way, just how do you think spreads are set up for the year?


David L. Finkelstein, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - CIO [5]


Sure. So we did experience a bit of a rally in late March, which did sort of question the callability of Agency MBS. There were some fears that refis would pick up when we got into the 230s on the 10-year note. And so Agency MBS did underperform.

To the extent that the market does rally back, and it's in a parallel fashion without being influenced by a rate cut by the Fed -- or rate cuts by the Fed and the curve doesn't steepen then you would expect agency to underperform in that environment because of prepays. And to the extent we sell off modestly, agency should do just fine because we get away from sort of that callability of the sector.


Operator [6]


The next question comes from Mark DeVries with Barclays.


Mark C. DeVries, Barclays Bank PLC, Research Division - Director & Senior Research Analyst [7]


So I heard your comments about flattening yield curve and compressing spreads and also expecting kind of additional pressure on NIM going forward. But when I look at kind of the returns available that you described in your different strategies, it didn't seem like it moved that much from last quarter. I was hoping you could give me a better sense of kind of what's changed on your outlook for earnings power here that led to the dividend cut?


Kevin G. Keyes, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - Chairman, CEO & President [8]


Mark, well, what's changed, I mean, I think, look, the way we approached this quarter is not just this quarter, it's really for the foreseeable future. And my commentary around the last 5 years and the stability that we've -- that we demonstrated was we were the only company that didn't cut dividends for over 5 years. In fact, there were multiple cuts, 60, over 60 dividend cuts in the mortgage REIT sector. 29 dividend cuts in the agency sector and the average cut was about 30% over time and in the agency sector, the average cut was about 44%.

So we put that into context to the past and now we're here with the future outlook. We want to manage this company, again, for the next 5 years at a level of not just leverage or positioning for any one business, but overall, for this entire business. How we think capital allocation should unfold and what our goals are. And our goals are to basically continue the diversification strategy and become a less levered longer-term cash flow company.

So in saying all that, this quarter's reduction was really a function of frankly things we can't control in the marketplace. And I started my commentary with some of that.

So my -- the one qualification I would make is I think this market we are on the threshold of a lot more risk in all asset classes than appears. This is entirely a momentum market, and it's not a fundamentally driven market. So by definition, we could continue the dividend. We could maintain or be close to it by increasing leverage.

But in this world, with so much leverage already in the system, with the latency out there and the correlations, as I mentioned, pointing to a lot more volatility down the road -- and that may be not next quarter or the quarter after that, but over the longer term, we just want to be comfortable in managing this business and be an opportunistic liquidity position to pick our spots.

And frankly, I think we have a totally different disposition than most others that only have one strategy. When you only have one strategy in a market, where the curve's flattened, and you only have leverage to play with in terms of an earnings lever, that is just a different risk paradigm.

So for us, this quarter, we wanted to preannounce, have an ability to describe what we were doing, not just do it at the time of the dividend announcement which would have been in mid-June. We wanted to offer and have a dialogue about what we're doing.

But long story short, we see a lot more risks in this market today than we have in the past couple of years as it relates to generating that similar return. We could do it, but it's more risky. So we're choosing to deliver a return that's still at a premium to most other asset classes giving everything else has contracted, especially in the yield world. And we're just going to it more conservatively.

And we don't expect to have to go down the steps of value like most other mortgage REITs have been forced to do with multiple dividend cuts, some of them 5, 6, 10x over the last few years because they haven't managed the risk like we believe we should manage -- the way we want to manage it.

David can be more specific on the return environment, but things may have not contracted that much in the headlines. But when you go into the risk profile of some of the credit that we're seeing and not doing, there is different pockets of risk that are emerging for a lot of different reasons.


David L. Finkelstein, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - CIO [9]


Yes. Mark, I'll just add, we did talk a lot about the return environment last quarter, as Kevin noted, and returns have obviously compressed. But one of the areas of focus in terms of understanding why is on the liability side of the balance sheet.

You've obviously heard a lot this quarter about the compression in LIBOR versus financing rates, which have probably declined from 282 LIBOR peak to 257 this morning. So 25 basis point decline in LIBOR, which impacts our receive rate on our swaps. But also we did have swaps that were with pay rates set at lower rate environment, which have runoff, and so that also hurts the returns somewhat. And so going forward, we're comfortable with the return profile, but it's -- in this curve environment, in this spread environment, it's just not what it has been in the past.


Operator [10]


The next question comes from Doug Harter with Crédit Suisse.


Douglas Michael Harter, Crédit Suisse AG, Research Division - Director [11]


Given your commentary about the attractive -- the potential volatility out there and wanting to be cautious, what are your thoughts about leverage levels and any expectations that you might take down leverage during the periods of calm?


David L. Finkelstein, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - CIO [12]


Sure, Doug. This is David. And as I said in my prepared comments, the higher allocation to agency does allow us to increase leverage. We are relatively low levered. We're 76% allocated to agency at 7 turns. We do have a little bit of room to move that higher.

In terms of volatility, it's certainly something where you're concerned about. We have recently added to our swaptions position and we'll manage that volatility. But in terms of rate volatility, we're not as concerned about rate volatility as we are the potential for credit volatility.

I think yesterday's discussion by Powell was relatively balanced. We do feel like the bar to cut interest rates is relatively high, given what he said about inflation being transient, et cetera. And also, yields do somewhat have a ceiling, given low inflation expectations as well as the global yield landscape. So rate volatility, we're not as concerned about, which is supportive of Agency MBS, but credit volatility could pick up. And Kevin will add.


Kevin G. Keyes, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - Chairman, CEO & President [13]


What I will just add to that, there is -- the macro picture here, Doug, is there is a -- the supply-demand imbalance on Agency MBS is an opportunity for us. I mean there's -- the estimate for this year is there's about $430 billion of Agency MBS to come to market. About $80 billion of that has been out and there's $350 billion to come.

So there is opportunity there for us on a risk-adjusted basis, assuming spreads aren't -- it's more likely they are going to lighten up here than contract with all that supply, not to mention the $1.2 trillion of treasuries yet to come out of the $1.6 trillion in the budget.

So there is that opportunity in the agency market, which is foreseeable and it's liquid. To David's points on credit, I think we've been pretty consistent over the past couple of years to say, we're picking our spots episodically. And we're going to do probably bigger deals in credit, not necessarily industry focused but just go deeper in the credit and write bigger checks, which typically those types of financings are a lot less competitive.

So we can maintain the returns with a lot less leverage than our competition because we can write the big check and that complements our -- the agency strategy, which will benefit from the supply to come, we believe, relative to the returns of where we are today.


Operator [14]


The next question is from Matthew Howlett with Nomura.


Matthew Philip Howlett, Nomura Securities Co. Ltd., Research Division - Research Analyst [15]


Kevin, just to follow up on the credit, I mean, long term, you've always said that you want to see a much bigger allocation to that, I know you're picking your spots. What do you need to see? Do spreads need to sort of widen out and relative to agencies to start picking up that exposure, it sounds like it's got to go down a little bit in the near term? Or do we need to see the cycle play out or just better quality deals happen? Just sort of what's the long term -- how should we think about the long-term picture on exposure to that market?


David L. Finkelstein, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - CIO [16]


Matt, this is David. I think all of the above. The spread widening we saw in December was encouraging, and we certainly added in securitized form. We do still see quality deals in our lending businesses. And when they're priced appropriately -- and lending spreads have not contracted as much as security spreads certainly. But there's a lot of competition for those assets, but nonetheless, we are aggressive and we would like to see some loosening.

In terms of the resi business, that does happen to be one area where we're certainly confident in where we're at in housing as well as where spreads are. Housing's probably better situated than some of the other credit sectors, just given the technicals in favor of housing.

In loan spreads, while security spreads have certainly contracted this year, loan spreads have remained relatively stable. So we're picking our spots, we can add assets in all of the businesses but runoff is also pretty robust, and so we're hopeful to replace assets but we're going to be patient.


Matthew Philip Howlett, Nomura Securities Co. Ltd., Research Division - Research Analyst [17]


Are you getting any benefit from your proprietary securitization shelf in terms funding costs? Are you seeing -- or is that potential to improve returns long term?


David L. Finkelstein, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - CIO [18]


You're talking about in the resi business?


Matthew Philip Howlett, Nomura Securities Co. Ltd., Research Division - Research Analyst [19]




David L. Finkelstein, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - CIO [20]


Well, yes, so just giving you a little bit of history of that business. We started it, predicated on FHLB financing, which is obviously highly, highly beneficial relative to warehouse lines and even entails a lower cost than securitization.

But what we're seeing in the securitization market over the last year to 2 has been a significant pickup in the securitization sector for resi credit. And spreads continue to tighten, liquidity continues to improve. Net supply in residential credit is likely to be positive this year, where it's -- up until last year, it was declining year-over-year from diminishing legacy RMBS.

And now we actually do have what we think to be a healthy securitization market and that's indicated by the success of the last couple of deals we've done. So the financing rates are not quite as -- not as attractive as FHLB financing, but we do get a better advance rate and it's nonrecourse leverage, and it allows us to be more nimble and further deploy capital and continue to securitize.


Matthew Philip Howlett, Nomura Securities Co. Ltd., Research Division - Research Analyst [21]


Great. And just one question on the dollar rolls. Should we -- how should we think about that modeling, sort of flat going forward given the pools just have the much better carry?


David L. Finkelstein, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - CIO [22]


Yes. Dollar rolls, exactly, it's essentially coupon minus implied financing rates and the decline in our dollar roll income was a function of a couple of things. Number one was the rate hike late last year, which increased implied financing rates from that standpoint as well as a decline in specialness in the first quarter, a pretty meaningful decline that we've experienced over the last number of quarters.

This quarter, however, there is a little bit of specialness in the market, but we don't expect it to persist. And so you probably would think of dollar roll income to be somewhat flat so long as the Fed doesn't move.


Operator [23]


The next question comes from George Bahamondes with Deutsche Bank.


George Bahamondes, Deutsche Bank AG, Research Division - Senior Research Analyst [24]


Just a follow-up question on a response a little while ago here. There were some comments around concern with volatility. Is this broadly just credit markets or are there specific pockets of the credit markets that you were referring to there? Just wanted to see if you can provide some additional either color or detail if possible?


Kevin G. Keyes, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - Chairman, CEO & President [25]


Well, George, I think my commentary was just overall in the market among almost virtually every asset class. I think it's not like it's new news for us to see risks throughout the credit market. I think -- we just think that there is momentum money, which is nonfundamental that has continued to drive financings and valuations and terms and structures that -- on the credit side that we're wary of.

I think the biggest thing though beyond that I think is just the disconnect. When I talked about correlations, the disconnect in risk assets, the value of risk assets versus lower risk assets. And we're a company that -- in times like these when there's no volatility and there is a rush to chase every kind of high-growth IPO that's out there regardless of the value, people tend to not pay attention to us.

And then in times like the fourth quarter of 2018 or the first quarter of '18 or the times of volatility, that's when our valuation actually and our attention actually increases.

So I think the thesis here is that we're a market leader, we dwarf the size of most, no one is as diverse as we are, of course, there is risks we have to manage just like everybody else. But we're not a one-trick pony. We're not over-levered in any sector by any means.

And at the end of the day, we're waiting for that volatility. When it hits, that's when we pounce. And the 2 most volatile time frames in the past couple of years, as I've said over and over, first quarter '16, first quarter of 2018 is when we made some large acquisitions of companies that were not prepared and were not run in a conservative way.

So I could go on and on about the different risks and different pockets, but I think to answer question just in general, this is a risk on market based on momentum. We are a defensive liquid low-beta stock that if you want to have an insurance policy, that's why you own us in the least of the cases. And I think this reset on our cash flow is really us commentary (sic) on the risks that aren't priced into the market as we see it.

And we don't want to have a dividend that bounces all over the place like most other companies. We want to have a portfolio and a posture and a disposition that is overly conservative and you can rely upon it -- in a market right now, which is really the opposite in a lot of different ways.

It's just amazing to me that here we are in the beginning of May and everyone's already forgotten about what happened a couple of months ago. And it seems like that has -- this 24-hour news cycle is really affected people's dispositions and mentalities, not to mention the dark pools and the structured finance that goes around the asset market.

So long story short, I think we see a lot -- we've seen a lot of risks, but we see frankly, more lackadaisical reality out there, and we're just -- we're waiting for the next period of volatility and that's where we thrive. And we'll be patient and pay you a very good carry while we wait.


Operator [26]


The next question comes from Rick Shane with JPMorgan.


Richard Barry Shane, JP Morgan Chase & Co, Research Division - Senior Equity Analyst [27]


Look, I really appreciate the focus on preserving capital. Is it fair to say that the dividend cut reflects a disconnect in terms -- a timing disconnect that from a longer-term perspective you see risk in your credit-sensitive opportunities and not great risk-reward there for now? And that ordinarily in this type of environment or that -- facing that environment, you lean into the agency book, but given the flat curve and the expectations of prepayments picking up, doesn't make sense to do that right now?


Kevin G. Keyes, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - Chairman, CEO & President [28]


Yes. I think that's -- you're pretty much spot on, Rick. And you know us better than anyone in how we operate. We're very proud of our track record and this whole diversification strategy allowed us to outperform in a market that wasn't without challenges.

And looking forward, we just want to have the optimal flexibility with our capital to focus on the next phase and the next stage of this company. And the next stage of this company is going to be -- what we're telegraphing is continued diversity, ultimately lower levered portfolio once credit cheapens up here. And in the last 2 months, it's tightened 30%. By the way, the equity market is up 30%.

So that's the correlation that doesn't make sense to us in the near term. So what we're doing is we're setting the table for the longer term, optimize our flexibility. In this position now we're very confident that protecting our book value and producing this premium yield is achievable.

Before a couple of years ago, as rates -- as the Feds lifting and even from liftoff on, the market was picking its sides, whether you wanted book value protected or you wanted yield and it was tough really to deliver both. We think with this reset, we can -- we're in a better position to deliver both today than we have been. Since these credit businesses have scaled and when we choose to maneuver, we can do so and move the needle quite dramatically.

And that's me telegraphing that we think the next period of volatility with all this embedded leverage in the system, there's a multiplier effect with the impact to those other companies that aren't as liquid as we are, as diversified as we are.

So I'm anticipating -- we're waiting for it, and we'll go buy another company. We'll go get another big partner, and we will continue, as I said, over the longer term, be the go-to guy. I don't know why you would want to own some of these other companies heading into the next set of storms that ultimately will come and they're going to come.


Richard Barry Shane, JP Morgan Chase & Co, Research Division - Senior Equity Analyst [29]


Okay. And from a more tactical perspective, it's great from strategic perspective, from a tactical perspective, brought the hedge ratio down a little bit. Is that going to be the posture for the near term given the current rate environment?


David L. Finkelstein, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - CIO [30]


Rick, this is David. As I said earlier, the risk to Agency MBS is a rally in the market. And so we do need to be a little bit long to protect that. And it's ironic because the way this business model worked, the agency business model worked, is you got paid for taking agency-basis risk and traditionally you get paid for taking duration risk. We happen to be in an environment today where you're actually paid to hedge because LIBOR you receive is a touch above where you're going to pay.

And so the unfortunate part of this is we have to be a little bit long to protect the portfolio in the event of a rally, but that actually costs money to provide that security and it just is what it is. So also, it's notable that duration exposure in times of a steep curve would add 200 to 300 basis points in your levered return, and that's another reality of the flat curve is you just don't get that return and it can be a cost.


Operator [31]


This concludes our question-and-answer session. I would like to turn the conference back over to Kevin Keyes for any closing remarks.


Kevin G. Keyes, Annaly Capital Management, Inc. - Chairman, CEO & President [32]


Thanks, everyone, for joining the call today and for your support of Annaly, and we look forward to speaking to you all again next quarter. Thanks.


Operator [33]


The conference has now concluded. Thank you for attending today's presentation. You may now disconnect.