U.S. markets close in 2 hours 48 minutes
  • S&P 500

    +14.71 (+0.41%)
  • Dow 30

    +240.69 (+0.82%)
  • Nasdaq

    +23.84 (+0.20%)
  • Russell 2000

    +30.34 (+1.70%)
  • Crude Oil

    +0.52 (+1.23%)
  • Gold

    -34.80 (-1.86%)
  • Silver

    -0.75 (-3.09%)

    -0.0013 (-0.11%)
  • 10-Yr Bond

    +0.0210 (+2.53%)

    +0.0021 (+0.16%)

    +0.4890 (+0.47%)

    -159.09 (-0.86%)
  • CMC Crypto 200

    +0.65 (+0.18%)
  • FTSE 100

    -17.61 (-0.28%)
  • Nikkei 225

    -106.93 (-0.42%)

Edited Transcript of PLNT.N earnings conference call or presentation 5-Nov-20 9:30pm GMT

·61 min read

Q3 2020 Planet Fitness Inc Earnings Call Newington Nov 6, 2020 (Thomson StreetEvents) -- Edited Transcript of Planet Fitness Inc earnings conference call or presentation Thursday, November 5, 2020 at 9:30:00pm GMT TEXT version of Transcript ================================================================================ Corporate Participants ================================================================================ * Christopher J. Rondeau Planet Fitness, Inc. - CEO & Director * Dorvin Donald Lively Planet Fitness, Inc. - President * Thomas J. Fitzgerald Planet Fitness, Inc. - CFO ================================================================================ Conference Call Participants ================================================================================ * Alexander Rocco Maroccia Joh. Berenberg, Gossler & Co. KG, Research Division - Analyst * John Edward Heinbockel Guggenheim Securities, LLC, Research Division - Analyst * John William Ivankoe JPMorgan Chase & Co, Research Division - Senior Restaurant Analyst * Jonathan Robert Komp Robert W. Baird & Co. Incorporated, Research Division - Senior Research Analyst * Joseph Nicholas Altobello Raymond James & Associates, Inc., Research Division - MD & Senior Analyst * Oliver Chen Cowen and Company, LLC, Research Division - MD & Senior Equity Research Analyst * Peter Jacob Keith Piper Sandler & Co., Research Division - Director & Senior Research Analyst * Randal J. Konik Jefferies LLC, Research Division - Equity Analyst * Sharon Zackfia William Blair & Company L.L.C., Research Division - Partner & Group Head of Consumer * Simeon Avram Siegel BMO Capital Markets Equity Research - Analyst * Brendon Frey ICR, LLC - MD ================================================================================ Presentation -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [1] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Good afternoon. My name is Suzanne, and I will be your conference operator at this time. At this time, we'd like to welcome everyone to the Planet Fitness Third Quarter 2020 Earnings Call. (Operator Instructions) I would now like to turn the call over to Brendon Frey, you may begin. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Brendon Frey, ICR, LLC - MD [2] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thank you for joining us today to discuss Planet Fitness' Third Quarter 2020 Earnings Results. On today's call are: Chris Rondeau, Chief Executive Officer; Dorvin Lively, President; and Tom Fitzgerald, Chief Financial Officer. Following Chris and Tom's prepared remarks, we will open the call up for questions. I would like to remind you that certain statements we will make in this presentation are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements reflect Planet Fitness' judgment and analysis only as of today, and actual results may differ materially from current expectations based on a number of factors affecting Planet Fitness' business. Accordingly, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. For a more thorough discussion of the risks and uncertainties associated with the forward-looking statements to be made in this conference call and webcast. We refer you to the disclaimer regarding forward-looking statements included in our third quarter 2020 earnings release, which was furnished to the SEC today on Form 8-K as well as our filings with the SEC referenced in that disclaimer. We do not undertake any obligation to update or alter any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. In addition, the company may refer to certain adjusted non-GAAP metrics on this call. Explanation of these metrics can be found in the earnings release filed earlier today. With that, I'll turn the call over to Chris Rondeau, Chief Executive Officer of Planet Fitness. Chris? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Christopher J. Rondeau, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CEO & Director [3] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thanks, Brendon, and thank you, everyone, for joining us today. It's nearly 8 months since we temporarily closed all our stores in March due to COVID-19 pandemic. And while the operating environment continues to be volatile, more than 95% of our stores are currently open in providing a safe and healthy in-store environment for our members. I want to start by talking about our membership levels and how they've changed over the past few months. Looking back, we ended Q2 with 15.2 million members, down approximately 1% from the end of Q1. For clubs that reopened in May and June, membership levels remained relatively steady through the end of Q2. As Q3 got underway in July, there was a surge in the virus in several states, which appeared to shift consumer settlement. This has also coincided with the normal billing resuming for the clubs that reopened in May and some members being billed an annual fee on July 1. As a result, we saw an acceleration in the attrition rate. New join trends also slowed, which we attribute to the virus surge and the fact that we didn't repeat our typical national sale in July since the majority of our clubs were not open. As we previously said, by the end of July, membership stood at $14.8 million. Per today's earnings release, we ended the third quarter with approximately 14.1 million members, down approximately 5% since the end of July and flat compared to last year. The biggest change in membership between the end of July and the end of September occurred in the roughly 1,100 clubs that reopened in May and June and resumed their billing monthly dues and collected annual fees. We have seen a clear pattern of pent-up cancels upon reopening and the resumption of billing. However, on a positive note, we are starting to see this trend begin to normalize, the longer clubs are open, with a total year-to-date cancellation flat to prior year in the system. Also encouraging, we are seeing a similar pattern with the usage rates as the early clubs were 74% of a year ago levels in September, and the system average was up 67%. In September, we were excited to earn our national and marketing engine back on for an 8-day national sale, our first national acquisition-driven marketing since -- before COVID. The results were very encouraging as consumers responded positive to our messaging, which reinforced the importance of exercise in the toll that pandemic is taking on people physical and mental health, combined with our commitment to keeping members safe. The sale helped to accelerate our market in flywheel, a meaningfully slowly decline in membership with a number of the stores experiencing positive member growth in September. With the approximately 500 clubs that reopened in July, August and September, we are seeing similar attrition trends as annual billing resumes, usually in the second month post reopening before beginning to stabilize after the third month. The good news is we expect this to be somewhat offset by the higher gross new joins driven by our national advertising resuming. Based on the encouraging results of the September sale reinforcing consumer demand, the management team and the Board of Directors made a decision to invest incremental national marketing funds throughout the remainder of the year, starting with another national sale in October. These results were also very encouraging, with even more stores in October, experiencing positive member growth compared to September. At the end of October, overall membership totaled 14 million. Speaking of marketing, our United We Move initiative, providing free workups on Facebook since we temporarily closed our stores in March, also continues to see strong results with 45 million viewers in 36 countries since the pandemic began. This has proven to be a great opportunity to keep people engaged and motivated outside of the gym. Looking ahead, Planet Fitness will once again be the title sponsor of Time Square's New Year's Eve celebration. While the celebration in New York will be largely virtual given COVID-19, the Planet Fitness brand will be front and center as the world says goodbye to 2020 and brings in 2021. During this year, we're excited that Planet Fitness will be the presenting sponsor for the first time during the 11:30 to 1:00 a.m. time slot, which will increase our brand visibility at a critical time during the night celebration, including the coveted midnight countdown. With social distancing and limitations on gatherings around the world, viewership could be at an all-time high level. Turning to our digital initiatives. Adoption of our mobile app remains at an all-time high. With the new join app adoption rates more than 60% in Q3. Currently, nearly 30% of total membership base has adopted the mobile app, which allows us to engage with them while they're at home or in the gym with new features like in-app messaging, a QR code reader for instructions on how to use equipment and the crowd meter to check the capacity of their club in advance of going to the gym. We believe the crowd meter has played a role in helping to balance visits during the week. And have changing consumer habits given the increase with remote work schedules. This will be even more beneficial during peak usage months. We also continue to be encouraged by the mobile app, Black Card upgrade and member referrals, providing members with the ability to quickly upgrade to our Black Card membership and refer a friend to join and have proven to be beneficial, particularly as app adoption continues to increase, and we see a lot of opportunity in the future. Our digital content journey continues to accelerate. We're seeing strong engagement with our business content via the app with meaningful percentage of users representing nonmembers. This creates a large opportunity for future conversion and further validates Planet Fitness' brand recognition as a trusted source of health and wellness. As a result, we are currently in the process of testing a digital-only subscription membership for $5.99 a month via the mobile app called PF Plus. We will always offer free content via our mobile app. However, PF Plus will feature more premium content developed in our partnership with iFIT geared towards breaking down the barriers for the approximately 80% of the population does not have a gym membership, including live daily workouts. Digital fitness classes, you can do at home run the gym, a variety of fitness trainers, aggressive workout series to help you advance over time and more. We view our stand-alone digital membership as a gateway to our traditional bricks-and-mortar membership, not a replacement for it, and this provides us with an opportunity to further engage inside and outside the gym, the ability to provide even more content for an additional fee to introduce prospective members to the brand. During the testing phase, we will assess consumer feedback on content and usability to perform any broader rollout plan. Longer term, digital content could potentially strengthen our value proposition to members throughout expanded or bundled offerings potentially in adjacent categories. On a store development front, 29 stores opened during Q3, with 2,086 stores at the end of the quarter. Based on the current visibility, we expect 2020 new store openings to be down roughly 50% or more compared to 2019 record levels of 260. Our franchisees emerged from their store closure period and have continued to gain strength as operations approach more normalized conditions. Across the system, the focus remains on keeping our staff and members safe, our store is open to service members and now more recently rebuild membership levels. Relative to the rest of the fitness industry, we believe we are in a much stronger financial and strategic position, evidenced by the bankruptcies and reported store closures at a number of national chains as well as feedback we've received from many franchisees about locally owned gyms and the markets that aren't reopening. We expect this trend will continue and over time, potentially result in the main gym goes looking for a new place to work out. And we believe our unrivaled value proposition will ensure we continue our trend of gaining market share. While the near-term operating environment is likely to remain volatile and pressure our near-term revenue and profitability, I am confident that in the long run, once this pandemic is behind us, Planet Fitness will be able to significantly widen our competitive mode for several reasons. First, the strength of our franchisees, which has been underscored by how well they have navigated through this unprecedented situation; second, we are all beginning to capitalize on the industry consolidation that has already taken place and likely to continue; third, the real estate market will be even more attractive in terms of available prime locations and lower rent costs and enhanced landlord incentives for our system because not many brands will be adding hundreds of locations in the coming years; and fourth, the encouraging early results and the opportunity we're seeing as a result of the accelerated digital content strategy, focusing on the needs of first-time the casual gym goers. And finally, the demand and uptick in usage we're seeing as a result of the marketing efforts reinforcing the overall increased focus on health and wellness. This will further enhance the tailwinds of the category, and we feel our value proposition is second to none. I'll now turn the call over to Tom. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thomas J. Fitzgerald, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CFO [4] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thanks, Chris, and good afternoon, everyone. As Chris mentioned, approximately 95% of our store base is now open with approximately 500 stores reopening during the third quarter. In terms of development, 29 new stores opened during Q3 compared to 41 new stores added in the year ago period. Our primary focus over the last several months has been on reopening stores and more recently relaunching our national marketing efforts. And as previously communicated, all development requirements have been given a 12-month extension. As you'll hear in a moment, the change in equipment sales to new and existing stores was the biggest driver of our top line decline. For the third quarter, total revenue was $105.4 million compared to $166.8 million in the prior year period. As a reminder, the vast majority of our stores drafted monthly membership dues back in March and then close shortly thereafter. Therefore, those members that were drafted had a 30-day credit to utilize once their home store reopened. Q3 includes the recognition of $7.3 million in previously deferred revenue related to monthly membership dues collected in March before stores closed. This has broken down into $3.9 million from franchise royalty, $2.2 million from corporate-owned store monthly dues and $1.2 million from NAF contributions. Now before I get into the specifics of same-store sales, I'll spend a minute on our same-store sales definition. When stores are closed and don't draft monthly membership dues or don't execute a full draft upon reopening because members have credits to utilize from prior periods, they are not included in our comparable store base. For some context, we reported 53 quarters of positive same-store sales before COVID hit in March and shut down all of our stores. The average of our same-store sales growth over those 53 quarters was 12.0% and averaged 9.6% for 2018 and 2019. Our model and historically strong same-store sales results depend on the ability to continually grow net membership levels across our store base, month-over-month and quarter-over-quarter. Additionally, in our recurring revenue model, our same-store sales performance at any point in time is a function of what's happened to our membership levels over the trailing 12 months. When our stores shut down due to COVID, we were unable to grow net membership levels in our stores. And as Chris discussed, we have seen higher attrition in the first couple of months post the store reopening as the initial billing of monthly and annual membership dues results in elevated cancellations before starting to normalize after the third month. As we have moved farther away from our first monthly and annual billing event for many of our reopened stores and resumed marketing our brand and our national sale in September, we saw sequential improvement in underlying join and cancel trends as Q3 progressed. However, overall membership growth remains negative and importantly, for the same-store sales calculation, the change in membership levels or growth rate was worse this year than in the prior year period. As a result of these dynamics, we have seen same-store sales growth slow and turn negative. Of the 1,605 stores that had at least 1 full draft in Q3, 1,416 of those stores were in the comp base. These stores had a same-store sales decrease of 5.6% with franchise stores declining 5.6%, and corporate stores down 6.6%. The 5.6% same-store sales decrease was driven by a 6.7% decline in build memberships, partially offset by a 1.1% increase in average rate due to both higher black card penetration and higher black card pricing compared to the prior the prior year period. Note that although the monthly decline in membership levels improved sequentially in each month of Q3 because growth rates remained below that of the prior year period. This led to a worsening same-store sales trend through the quarter. As such, our system-wide same-store sales growth worsened across the quarter and was down high single digits in the month of September. As I previously mentioned, since our same-store sales trends are based on what has happened to our membership levels over the prior 12 months. In order for same-store sales growth to improve, the growth in membership levels in our comp stores must exceed the member growth in the same period in the prior year. Moving on to a review of our segments revenue results. Franchise segment revenue was $59.8 million, compared to $66.7 million in the prior year period, a decrease of 10.4%. Let me break down the components. First, royalty revenue, which consists of royalties on monthly membership dues and annual membership fees was $43.1 million compared to $46.0 million in the same quarter of last year. The $43.1 million of revenue includes $6.1 million attributable to catch-up billing of annual membership fees and $3.9 million of deferred revenue recognized from the March draft from stores that were closed in March as a result of COVID-19 and reopened during the quarter. The average royalty rate for the third quarter for the stores that drafted was 6.2%, equal to the same period last year. Next, our franchise and other fees of $2.6 million compared to $3.2 million in the prior year period. These are fees received from online new member sign-ups, the recognition of fees paid to us from franchise agreements, area development agreements and the transfer of existing stores and fees received from processing dues. The decrease was primarily driven by lower online join fees in the quarter and lower commission revenue. Also within the franchise revenue segment is our placement revenue, which was $1.5 million in Q3 compared with $4.3 million a year ago. These are fees we receive for the assembly and placement of equipment sales to our franchise-owned stores within the U.S. and Canada. The decrease reflects the lower new store and reequipped placements we executed in the quarter compared with a year ago. I'll discuss the number of new equipment placements later when I discuss equipment revenues. And finally, national advertising fund revenue was $12.5 million compared to $12.7 million last year. The NAF revenue in the current quarter includes $1.2 million of previously deferred NAF revenue that was collected in March but not recognized until Q3. The year-over-year decline reflects the impact of temporary store closures as NAF is not collected unless stores are open and draft monthly dues that was partially offset by higher NAF contribution rate of 3.25% that began in September and will run through the remainder of 2020. Our corporate store segment revenue was $28.3 million compared to $40.7 million in the prior year period. The $12.5 million decrease was driven by lower membership fees due to the closure of many of our corporate stores for a portion of that period. The $28.3 million includes $2.2 million of previously deferred revenue recognized from the March draft from stores that were closed in March as a result of COVID-19 and reopened in Q3. Turning to our Equipment segment. Revenue decreased $42.0 million or 70.8% to $17.3 million from $59.4 million. The decrease was driven by both lower new store equipment, I mentioned earlier in the call, along with lower replacement equipment sales to existing franchisee-owned stores. Replacement equipment sales in Q3 were $2.7 million compared to $42.5 million in Q3 last year. In the third quarter, we had 28 new store equipment placements, which was down 18 from the prior year period. Beginning in Q2, we launched a 15% discount offer on all equipment orders to support our new store development and replacement orders. This offer applies to all equipment purchased and placed by the end of 2020. Our cost of revenue, which primarily relates to direct cost of equipment sales to new and existing franchise-owned stores, amounted to $15.3 million compared to $46.2 million a year ago, a decrease of 66.9%, in line with the revenue decrease, as previously discussed. Store operation expenses, which are associated with our corporate-owned stores, decreased to $21.4 million compared to $22.3 million a year ago. The slight decrease was primarily driven by cost-saving measures due to stores -- store closures, including lower payroll, marketing and operating expenses, partially offset by higher occupancy expense associated with 9 new stores opened and 12 stores acquired since the end of the third quarter of last year. SG&A for the quarter was $18.3 million compared to $20.9 million a year ago. The decrease was primarily driven by reductions in variable compensation, decreased travel and lower equipment placement expenses. National advertising fund expense was $20.2 million compared to $12.7 million in the prior year period. The increase in expense for the quarter was the result of overall higher full year forecasted NAF expenses, which resulted in an adjustment in Q3 to reflect the proper ratable year-to-date expense. Adjusted EBITDA, which is defined as net income before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, adjusted for the impact of certain noncash and other items that are not considered in the evaluation of ongoing operating performance was $32.0 million compared to $65.7 million in the prior year period. Included in this quarter's adjusted EBITDA was approximately $7.3 million related to the recognition of deferred revenue previously discussed. A reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA to GAAP net income or loss can be found in the earnings release. By segment, franchise adjusted EBITDA was $31.6 million. Corporate store adjusted EBITDA was $6.7 million and equipment adjusted EBITDA was $2.3 million. Adjusted net income was $1.6 million and adjusted net income per diluted share was $0.02 a share, a decrease of $0.34 per diluted share. One last point on the P&L before I talk about the balance sheet. As Chris mentioned, we resumed our national marketing efforts in September with our national sale, our first step towards expanding membership since before the pandemic hits. The results were very encouraging, and we decided to make an incremental investment in national advertising of $10 million from October through December. As a result of this incremental investment in NAF and the projected NAF revenues for the year, on a full year basis, NAF will be a net expense to our P&L. However, we believe that the incremental advertising investment was the right long-term decision for the business, given the encouraging results of our September sale and the competitive dislocation occurring within our industry. Now let me turn to the balance sheet. As of September 30, 2020, we had $501.6 million in total cash, with cash and cash equivalents of $419.7 million compared to $423.6 million on June 30, 2020. In addition, we ended the quarter with $81.9 million of restricted cash compared to $86.4 million at the end of Q2. Based on the current situation and our focus on preserving liquidity, we announced in March that we were halting all share repurchase activity for the time being. We also took additional measures to reduce our monthly cash burn, including previously announced compensation reductions for our leadership team and our Board of Directors. And during Q3, we made the decision to rightsize our headquarters and field teams in an effort to refocus on our core priority of maintaining and growing our membership base. Total long-term debt, excluding deferred financing costs, was $1.80 billion as of September 30, 2020. Consisting of our 3 tranches of securitized debt and $75 million of variable funding mix. Our securitized debt structure is covenant light. We have 2 maintenance covenants, a debt service coverage ratio and a total system-wide sales threshold. Both are tested quarterly, they're calculated on a trailing 12-month basis and reported roughly on a 2-month lag. In our most recent debt covenant reporting period of September 8, 2020, we had a 56% and a 108% cushion to the first triggering event for our debt service coverage ratio and system-wide sales covenant, respectively. Now similar to our liquidity position, we believe we have sufficient headroom for our 2 maintenance covenants. Given the uncertainty surrounding the evolving nature of the pandemic, we are continuing to refrain from providing guidance. While the near-term is difficult to predict, we believe that we are well positioned financially and strategically compared to the rest of the industry to capitalize on the many value-creating opportunities we believe will emerge over the long-term as a result of the pandemic. I'll now turn the call back to the operator for questions. ================================================================================ Questions and Answers -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [1] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (Operator Instructions) Your first question comes from the line of Randy Konik of Jefferies. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Randal J. Konik, Jefferies LLC, Research Division - Equity Analyst [2] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- So I guess, the most important metric that everyone wants to key in on is the membership trends. So if I do the math, from June to September, it looks like the membership roles went down by about 1.1 million members. And then in the last 30 days, 100,000 members. So I guess what I'm trying to get at is: A, if we look at those 2 different time periods, are we seeing a clear deceleration in the overall cancellation number? And especially as we get going into this last 30-day period, it's only 100,000 net change to the downside. A, is that the case? And b, how do we kind of think about the different moving pieces between the 3 cohorts? Because there's a 1,100 unit cohort that opened in June and July, it looks like there's 500 unit cohort that opened in September. And then it also looks like in the last, I don't know, 30 days or so, assuming that 95% of your overall gyms is open, that's another 400 that are just recently open. So could you give us a little education on -- I know it's a little complicated, but I think it's really important, on the different membership trend changes or cancel rate changes, in a different time period, again, June or September and now more recently in the last 30 days, and then between the different cohorts because I think if we can get some real conviction that the membership numbers starting to stabilize, that's what I think is going to be the most important thing going forward. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Christopher J. Rondeau, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CEO & Director [3] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thanks, Randy. And I couldn't agree more. That's exactly what my main focus is. You're right, all those numbers were right where we dropped about 1.1 million from the end of June to the end of the Q3 number. And then you're right, this last 30-day period of October was about 100,000. So we began to see it slow in September and then even more so in October. And a lot of what I said in my opening remarks is -- the big part of the thing about we had no marketing, acquisition marketing out there since before COVID started. So it was pretty much, the pond was going down every day with no rain. And finally, with marketing here, we're filling the pond back up. So it's a lot of that. At the same time, the older cohorts -- you're exactly right, to the older cohorts, the May openings, especially in now June, which have been open for a few months. The cancellations are beginning to come back to more normalized rates. So you got the plus side of driving member growth and then the slowing of, especially the older cohort stores, cancellations are slowing. And also mind you, like, we had, of course, there was last few hundred clubs that opened up, which I think you mentioned where the first annual fee for them was October 1 and another one was June 1 -- on November 1, excuse me. So we still have some of those cleaning out of those pent-up cancels from more recent openings. But a much smaller section of clubs compared to the 1,100 that were opened up early on. So you're exactly right with all those numbers and how the marketing now is starting to -- we're really encouraged that the fact that it's happening and that people are listening. And as I mentioned, I think one of the calls is that September sale, we're a little bit cautiously optimistic where people are ready to join and listen to our marketing and really be proactive and get off the couch. And they were, which is why we decided to use some corporate back and to throw in another sale period to capitalize on the demand that's out there. So and in fact, that competition is struggling and going down. So -- and I think the other interesting thing is when you look at the cancels year-to-date, which I mentioned is cancels year-to-date, although look really high for these few months, but the cancels year-to-date are actually on par to last year. So a really interesting thing, too, is we look at reason codes, which COVID-19 virus is now a reason code for cancellations that didn't exist last year, we had a couple of million, give or take approximately that were nonuse, no time last year, which now that is about less than 1 million, and there's 1 million people that cancel because of COVID. So it's just thing you don't have any more or less cancels. They're using COVID as excuse as opposed to saying that they just don't -- not motivated to work out. So I think that what's really a matter of not really a cancel problem as much, it's just the remarketing and getting that flywheel going to start to drive those sales. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Randal J. Konik, Jefferies LLC, Research Division - Equity Analyst [4] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- So you're then saying that if the cancels aren't par to last year, the real problem was lack of ability to get people in the door to join because the units were kind of closed and there was no marketing. So are you then saying that the cancels are kind of normalizing? And now the -- you are seeing some notable acceleration in joins such that over the coming, I don't know, few months or whatever it takes, we should start to see that cancel number or that membership, overall membership number reach just a stable point of no longer going down? Or just how should we see that those 2 different vectors going over the next few months? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Christopher J. Rondeau, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CEO & Director [5] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. Yes. I think the acceleration of joins to put in maybe another way is that maybe getting the joins to be on par the last year. We had all these sales last year, which we didn't have up until the September sales. So I wouldn't say like acceleration over the last year, but more normalizing our last year's acquisition because we didn't do any acquisition marketing. So now we'll plan catch-up, I guess, is the way to put it. So it is deal the cohorts that are really having the net ads. In September, we had good section of clubs having positive member growth. In October, we had even the largest section of clubs having positive member growth, and this is older cohort. So when you fast forward now, the next 2 or 3 months, we're going to have -- pretty much all of these 2,000 stores have gone through their entire membership billing cycles for a couple of months here and also the annual fee cycles have gone by us. So by the end of the fourth quarter, especially the first quarter, honestly, is they've all gone through this cleanout period of pent-up cancels because of billing and hopefully now start to show that member growth again. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [6] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- And our next question comes from the line of Oliver Chen from Cowen. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Oliver Chen, Cowen and Company, LLC, Research Division - MD & Senior Equity Research Analyst [7] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- So the commentary on normalization of the pent-up cancellations was helpful. I mean, your expectation is that, that will continue? Were you seeing that across regions in different vintages in terms of older, much older gyms versus newer gyms? And then I would also just love -- there's a lot of uncontrollables in the pandemic, unfortunately, including resurgence risk that's happening globally. What about the way forward as we have plenty of uncontrollable variables and there are more surges. How do you think that will intersect with your marketing spending program and new joiner behavior going forward? It was more challenging over the summer when it first happened. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Christopher J. Rondeau, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CEO & Director [8] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. Oliver, this is Chris. I think real quick on the resurgence, too, which is one thing that's interesting with the join a little bit to Randy's question and your question is that although we're seeing all this resurgence right real-time last few weeks here, what we're not seeing now that we saw back in July, you probably remember me talking when the resurgence happened in Texas and Florida, and then we were forced to shut down our stores in Arizona and California, we saw nationally in all regions a slowdown on the joins and a heightened cancel rate. We're not seeing -- even though all this media pretty much is as crazy as it was in July, we're not seeing that sort of reaction from the consumer sentiment side of things. So it's almost, I think the COVID fatigue people are talking about, I think, is probably real. People are not listening quite like they were in July when they were freaking out and not joining. So I think that's one good thing there. As far as the canceled trends of demographics, we're not seeing anything regionally, it really comes down, Oliver, how long the clubs have been opened or reopened. It's really just -- we stop billing people and then how we clean out all those cancels that we didn't have all this closure period because people can cancel by mail or rash taken some phone calls of those clubs. But really until we stop billing as we begin to see the cancel resurgence. So but demographically or regionally, we're not seeing any trends there. It's more so just how long have the club has been open. And they act more normal, the longer they've been open. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [9] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- And our next question comes from the line of John Heinbockel of Guggenheim Securities. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- John Edward Heinbockel, Guggenheim Securities, LLC, Research Division - Analyst [10] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chris, 2 questions. How do you guys measure metrics measure the effectiveness of the national sale campaigns. And how did September perform versus pre-COVID? How did October perform versus September, if you know? And then lastly, when you think conceptually about 2021, normal seasonality would seem not to apply next year for a lot of reasons in terms of membership additions, meaning more back-end loaded. Is that fair? And how do you think about seasonality next year? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Christopher J. Rondeau, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CEO & Director [11] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. I mean I think some of the membership trends as well as the remember workout trends that we're seeing, which I mentioned have picked up since we started national advertising, I also think that's because of seasonality. We were reopening the first section of clubs in the middle of July where it was beautiful out where I'm looking outside now with pitch black already and it's cold up in the Northeast. So people aren't walking outside. So I think the seasonality. I don't really think that January is going to not be a joining month. I think it will be -- I think the New Year Eve's resolutions in the winter months will be busy like usual, as busy or depending how the spikes are known, no one really knows right now, but granted, I think if we stay on this trend we see today or better by the first quarter, I would think things would even perform great. But if the researches comes and we end up having to shut down a big section of clubs, that will change things as well as the marketing budget. I think what we've seen right now, though, on the closure side of things, is that we're not seeing -- we've had a few clubs here and there close and reopen a couple of weeks later. So there hasn't been any big regional like 3-state closed down on us are big areas that would affect any kind of budget from a marketing standpoint. So granted that doesn't happen, everything should probably go as planned there. The September sale, we didn't -- we've never really had a September national sales. So we didn't have too much to go off of. The October sale was pretty comparable to last year. We usually measure on a baseline of the previous week to figure out how the lift was. So we were pleased with both of those results from both sales, which is why we decided to do some corporate sponsor dollars for that NAF to keep that flywheel moving and take advantage of the join demand that's out there. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [12] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Our next question comes from the line of Sharon Zackfia of William Blair. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sharon Zackfia, William Blair & Company L.L.C., Research Division - Partner & Group Head of Consumer [13] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- So I think a lot of us -- we're all trying to disentangle the member trends. And I guess it might be helpful, just in October, where you're down 100,000 from the end of September. Is there the possibility of dimensionalizing for us what was the attrition versus the adds? If that makes sense? Trying to figure out like how the marketing is really impacting the dynamic here so far in the fourth quarter. And I guess I'm thinking -- and I apologize, I'm thinking of that like original cohort, the 1,100 clubs because I recognize there's a lot of noise going on with the clubs that are more recently opening? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Christopher J. Rondeau, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CEO & Director [14] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. There's no doubt that the majority of the net member growth clubs are all that first cohort. May, it was about 500 or so May clubs that open and then another 500 or so in June. So majority of the net ads were definitely in those section of clubs. And then the majority of -- not majority but the higher cancellation rates were definitely in the newer joins. The newer clubs that open come August, September club that again, restated their billing cycles and annual fees, which is -- which was -- has been the trigger since the very beginning, and the trend is holding the same even with the newer clubs opening. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sharon Zackfia, William Blair & Company L.L.C., Research Division - Partner & Group Head of Consumer [15] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Okay. Maybe I'll just shift gears. On the digital content, how are you going to -- well, I guess I'm wondering about the economics of a digital-only membership with a franchise base. Like do you -- are you sharing some of those economics with the franchisees? I mean how does that -- I know it's a test, but how does that kind of flow through the P&L? And how do the franchisees feel about it? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Christopher J. Rondeau, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CEO & Director [16] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sure, yes, yes. It's early stages, and we've worked with our independent franchise council on the whole program. And as we've done with everything and since day 1, as you know, Sharon, we've always made it a win-win with our franchisees. So the digital subscription will be something that we'll look to see the way that we share this back to them as well, so that we all win in the process because it's we want them to endorse it, which helps them sell it so that we all sell more subscriptions at the end of the day. And I think the interesting thing with the subscriptions we're seeing is that you may recall when I -- the free content, which we'll always have. There really is a good way to get people introduced to the club, into the brand, and about 20% of our content consumption are nonmembers of our stores. So they're looking at Planet as a trusted source and wellness. It's really early. We only launched this in a couple of weeks ago with no marketing. We kind of have a just slow pace to kind of make sure there's no bugs or anything in it. But even right now with the few subscriptions we have, 20% of the subscriptions are nonmembers, too. So it really is a gateway into getting people to introduce to the stores and our brand. So it's just -- it's really intriguing to see the potential we could have with this and $5.99 is really kind of a loss leader to get people introduced to the brand and get them in to message them to try to bricks-and-mortar out. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [17] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- And our next question comes from the line of Jonathan Komp of Baird. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Jonathan Robert Komp, Robert W. Baird & Co. Incorporated, Research Division - Senior Research Analyst [18] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chris, maybe just first question, when you think of the reclosure risk, do you think the message is getting out that there's really not been a lot of direct transmission tied to gyms and certainly the health benefits, do you think there's some separation in how gyms are being viewed versus other enclosed -- interactions or any thoughts there? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Christopher J. Rondeau, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CEO & Director [19] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. We've had some pretty good luck in states that, it's a matter, Jon, if we hear the Scuttlebutt before they close us, and we can get ahead of it and get to the governor's office or the mayor's office, what have you. We've had some pretty good luck with all the data we have, and we've done tens of millions of workouts with no breakouts and very few people that have the health department come back to us saying that somebody worked out in your club that had it and you've got to go down to a 6-hour deep clean or let the members know. So we've had some pretty good luck getting that change. And even the very few closures we've had or re-closures they haven't been really large, like big counties has really been like 1 or 2 clubs in its further a couple of weeks maybe. So -- but I think definitely going forward, I don't think the industry, unfortunately, we haven't been vocal enough on the benefits of exercise. We hear it, but I don't think we get the appreciation of the attention the industry should especially Planet, getting people off the couch at $10 a month. I mean, we're doing a service to Americans has to the face it that keep people active in building their immune systems, and we see who this is affecting the most. So there list, I think a couple of mayors, like in New Jersey maybe and one other said that there's been -- the way we're going to closures of like nightclubs again and bars, restaurants, and they said they weren't going to do gyms because there's been 0 evidence that gyms are cause of any of it. So we've had some pretty good luck. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Jonathan Robert Komp, Robert W. Baird & Co. Incorporated, Research Division - Senior Research Analyst [20] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. Great. And as you think ahead in the environment, and clearly, you're going on offense as it the marketing, given the positive signs that you've seen there. When we think about unit growth and really franchisee willingness to really embrace unit growth at higher rates. What do you think you need to see in terms of continuation of some of the usage patterns or a number trends? Like what do you think to really support confidence in the growth outlook that you need to see as a system? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Dorvin Donald Lively, Planet Fitness, Inc. - President [21] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sure, Jon, this is Dorvin. I think you're hitting the nail on the head in terms of the system today, obviously, is from a franchisee perspective, is they're looking at the clubs that hopefully, we're all open, although we have some franchisees that have some clubs open, some closed and a handful that still have their clubs closed out in California. But they're looking at the same kind of trends we are, what is the usage rates in the clubs. I think to Chris' point about how we viewed the September and October sale, that was very pleasing to the franchisees, too, because we all -- we didn't really know what it would be like after going through the pandemic and then going so long without having any marketing presence out there. But as I've said on the previous call that franchisees are not out there generally meeting down the bushes trying to find sites. Now we still have some that are and some of the ones that they're looking at the opportunities out there from a real estate availability perspective, given what's happened so far in kind of retail America and some of the guys are doing some deals. But by and large, they're setting back the way, and they're doing it for 2 reasons. One, they want to see can clubs get open and stay open because that's obviously very important as opposed to open, close, reopen, et cetera. And then what's the demand? Demand, both on just usage from our existing members and then demand for new sign-ups. And I think what will happen is we're virtually now into wintertime, as Chris said earlier, January is just around the corner. I think that's kind of a key time period. People are going to look too to say, has things kind of died down a bit on the COVID resurgence scenario or not. What's going on with usage in terms of members coming into the clubs, is it kind of hanging in there? Is it increasing, et cetera? And then really, probably more important than anything in kind of real estate world is what is going on with space, retail vacancy. And will there be a number of retailers that are kind of hanging on to get through the Christmas holiday season? And then there'll be closures, and it'll be more opportunities. And the guys that -- the bigger guys that do a lot of development and have their own real estate teams, most of them did not get rid of their real estate guys. They kept them on, they didn't furlough them, et cetera. Because they know they're going to get back into development. And when you talk to those guys, I mean, they're saying that there's going to be more opportunities out there and more than likely at cheaper rents. But certainly, landlords are more willing to put some tenant improvement dollars on the table. So there's a bit of wait and see on both of those fronts when it comes to thinking about overall development. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [22] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- And our next question comes from the line of John Ivankoe of JPMorgan. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- John William Ivankoe, JPMorgan Chase & Co, Research Division - Senior Restaurant Analyst [23] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. I actually wanted to follow-up on development, and then I have a follow-up as well. You did open 29 units in the third quarter, which is actually a good number, all things considered. Was that a catch-up number? I mean, I guess, kind of the first question, I mean, should we expect the material acceleration into the fourth quarter. I mean what would normally be the case for the company is, I guess, part A of the first question. And then secondly, I mean, we had heard before that some franchisees were sensitive about attracting new members to new gyms. Is that kind of a concern that was well placed? Or are you seeing trends that are slightly different than that? So that's, I guess, the first broad question. And then secondly, just in case I get cut off, the headquarters and your field team restructuring that you talked about. I mean, how much does that actually net to? I guess, as a run rate into fiscal '21? And if you were to consider fiscal '21 as the headcount for what it is, maybe some adds, full incentive compensation, is there a sense of maybe what fiscal '21 G&A can look like relative to fiscal '19, if it's fair to ask at this point? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Dorvin Donald Lively, Planet Fitness, Inc. - President [24] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sure. I'll take the first part of that. Maybe, Tom, you can talk about the run rate question on SG&A. I think, John, in terms of I wouldn't call what happened in Q3 as a catch-up. There were -- you think about a development of a site, it's generally 6 to 9 months out from the time that you really start. I mean, if you're negotiating on LOI, that could take 30, 60 days. It may take you another 30 days, 45, 60 days to get your permitting and your drawings and everything approved. If it's a pretty good box, it takes about 3 months to ultimately get all the build-out and everything done. And so to a certain extent, I'd say it's a little bit of a couple of things. Number one is, there were sites that most likely would have opened in Q1. We talked about that back on the Q1 call that all construction stopped. You could have more than 10 people in a location, you remember back those conversations. So some of those got pushed into Q2. Then as we got into kind of the April-May time period, when everybody thought maybe things would start back up in 30, 45 days, and we realize it's going to go longer, some of the franchisees were able, even when construction could start, they're able to kind of either slow things down or push it out a little bit further because they did -- I mean, you didn't want to open a store when you were shut down in your state. So they were able to do some pushing things out, deferring certainly no acceleration of development, et cetera. And all of those are the things that led us into saying that the overall store openings for the year could be 50% or more down from the peak of 2019. So in reality in Q3 here, John, there's probably -- if nothing would have happened with respect to COVID. Number one, we'd have more sites for the whole year. And we probably would have had more sites -- a little bit of Q2 would have been in Q1. Some of these here might have been in Q2, and then there might have been some from Q4 that will open -- this year's Q4 could have actually happened in Q3. So it's such a fluid deal, John, that -- in fact, some were able to just totally push things out till next year. They've gone to landlords and just say, I want to negotiate this deal we were going to do in November, December, we want to wait and do it in Q1. So there's a lot of that happening, and it really happened because things are shut down and closed. And so it's like, I don't want to open a store up and then it closes right back down again, which kind of leads into part of your question, I think, about attracting new members. I mean we -- as you've said, we opened stores this quarter. We'll open stores every quarter this year. And I think it kind of ties a bit back into one of Chris' comments earlier is that there is a demand for memberships. For mature clubs that were closed, once they open, we had people start to use them and where people joining. I would say that the new clubs that opened late last year to early part of Q1 this year. They, in essence, missed, call it, 3 to 6 months. The clubs that closed down in the middle of March, and they're still not open. Today, they've lost in essence, call it, 6 months, whereas some clubs that may be opened in July or August, maybe only lost, call it, 2 or 3 months. So they're not going to be on par with total memberships and ultimately, monthly revenue to where their -- the same class from the year before would have been last year in the first, call it, 6 to 9 months of this year. So they're definitely behind. But what we're not seeing, John, is that when you open up a club, it's -- it has activity, I guess, so to speak. I mean people are still -- it's in a market where we're bringing a high-value, a very affordable option to a place where we didn't have a club. And in some places, particularly today, John, with the closures of 24-hour and goals and some of the other guys, we're bringing a gym to places where maybe there's not much competition. And so we can attract members in and around that particular store. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thomas J. Fitzgerald, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CFO [25] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- John, I'll pick up on the rightsizing question. So I think in the quarter, it was neutral between the savings and the severance. But as we look on an annual basis, beyond that, we're in the $6 million to $7 million range of savings from that action. Now really, why we did it is we want to focus on our priorities, as Chris said, net membership growth what we're doing with the app and with digital as being really the top 2 priorities. And clearly, those are interrelated. And as we look to 2021, we're in the midst of planning that now. There may be some of that invested back in against those initiatives, but we thought that, that was the right thing to do given where the business was and really get focused on our priorities and what's important for the next while. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [26] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- And our next question comes from the line of Peter Keith with Piper Sandler. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Peter Jacob Keith, Piper Sandler & Co., Research Division - Director & Senior Research Analyst [27] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chris, you talked a bit about the new member sign-ups and cancellations. I was hoping you could give us some of the sequential trends in that usage rate. Just checking the notes from the prepared remarks. But I think at the end of Q2, you said the usage had plateaued at 60 and now you're saying it's at 67. Even as we march forward with October, November, did we get the time change, colder weather, are you seeing usage continue to sequentially step up? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Christopher J. Rondeau, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CEO & Director [28] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. Well, effectively, the older clubs that opened in May, there's definitely, as mentioned earlier, the longer the clubs are open, the longer they -- the more normal they act. So the May reopenings had an increase from 64% in August to 74% in -- 64% previous, 74% in August and now in September, we're up to 76%. So you're seeing the longer the stores are open, the more normal they react. But the overall system average is 67%, but that's also skewed because we have a lot of stores that open in the last 30, 60 days. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Peter Jacob Keith, Piper Sandler & Co., Research Division - Director & Senior Research Analyst [29] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Got you. So those -- the clubs that have been open the longest are almost getting back to a normal usage rate? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Christopher J. Rondeau, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CEO & Director [30] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes, it will be interesting to see what happens over the next couple of weeks to a time change. And like I said earlier, I mean it's pretty black here in the Northeast already. So there's definitely something to do with that. And I think some of the seasonality we saw changing in September when people kind of go back to routine when kids go back to school and stuff, which I think, helped with our marketing. But it was interesting when we started marketing in September. It was literally overnight, that we started seeing usage pick up. So I think a little bit of just -- I think our marketing was probably speaking to nonmembers as well as members, highlighting our cleanliness, that give it a shot once you come in, you'd be surprised at what you see. I work out of my local Planet here in Seaborn, New Hampshire. And you feel totally fine in there. And I've noticed just when I go in the mornings -- I go early mornings, but it's definitely actually even today compared to 3 weeks ago and 2 months ago, it's night and day as far as how the people are as proud that they are working out. So it's been really good. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Peter Jacob Keith, Piper Sandler & Co., Research Division - Director & Senior Research Analyst [31] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Okay. That's great. So I want to ask separately, kind of a big picture question just on the emerging trends of home workouts, and I think it's a great idea that you guys are doing the digital app subscription to become more omnichannel. But one question we do get from investors is just the structural change with home workout activity and does that impede overall gym member growth longer-term into the future, how do you guys think about that for your customer base? And do you think there's characteristics of the plan of fitness member that perhaps doesn't like working out at a home or won't stick to that behavior? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Christopher J. Rondeau, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CEO & Director [32] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. I think I was going to answer the same way, but I mean, home fitness is not anything new. It's been around since, I would say, Richard Simmons and Jane Fonda then it was Billy Blanks with Tae Bo to P90x with DVDs and now you have Peloton. I think it's a -- Peloton is a very different customer, first, price point and cost, for example, but -- and then you think about who has the space, who wants to put in liver room or who has the basement to put it in. So you get space as an issue, you got cost. But I think when you look at commercial-grade equipment, the best equipment money you can buy, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and you got $10 a month. You have an experience that is just unmatched. And I have a great gym in my basement naturally, being in the industry, but I still go to my local planet because at 5:00 in the morning, my basement is not that much fun. So I think it's -- I think the energy you feel in the club is just unreplaceable by any home fitness. I think it's a good supplement. But one thing I would say though, through COVID is and I look at digital not necessarily as home fitness. I think digital is -- it's in club, but that's home and it's outside. And I think people have learned how to use digital to get better workouts and probably be more creative with their workouts and educate themselves how to work out better. And with the app, we went down this road last summer because we -- 2 summers ago now, because we saw people in our clubs using content in our clubs, and we didn't provide it to them. They were finding it through a third party, which is why we started to go down this road 2 summers ago, and luckily we did. It took the COVID, though, for us to realize that 20% of the consumption were not members. So I was like, wow, this is much larger than we realized that people are coming to Planet as a trusted source and looking for us for assistance. We've kind of led it down this road because originally, we were looking at it as a bundle with the Black Card, for example, which is something we're still probably going to test someday. But as the subscription model is working now and looking at this rollout is how does this work? And how do we introduce more people to the brand that we can then invite them into the club to give it a shot. And I think it gives us great brand exposure. It's either they're super intimidated, Peter. I mean we're a judgment-free zone, we cater to casual first timers, but maybe there's a level of people out there that are just really intimidated to walk to a gym, and I get it. And maybe this is the way to -- this is their gateway to bricks and mortar. Also, maybe they're just not a Planet in their backyard just yet. And when we get there, you'll know the brand. So I think it's just a -- it's a great opportunity for us to be front and center to people that are finding our app as it is that are nonmembers and our current members to get better workouts. And I think at the end of the day is $10 a month is an unbelievable value, but it's a hell of a value if you really know how to use all the equipment in the gym. And 7,000 numbers of a store, how do you really get them -- how do you get trainers to introduce everybody to every single piece, 24 hours a day 7 days a week. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [33] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- And our next question comes from the line of Simeon Siegel of BMO. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Simeon Avram Siegel, BMO Capital Markets Equity Research - Analyst [34] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It's early, and this might just be unanswerable now. But given the obvious dislocation, have you guys done any analysis you willing to share any around updated views of what the market share opportunity does look like? And obviously, we can see the pressures from the larger chains, but could you also maybe just speak to the opportunity from independents? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thomas J. Fitzgerald, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CFO [35] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. Simon, it's Tom. I'll start that, and maybe the other guys will add. So I think URSA just came out recently, the trade organization and said -- or trade association said, there could be upwards of 20% to 25% of the gyms don't reopen. So if you take us out of it, that means there could be somewhere in the neighborhood of 50 million -- that there's 50 million gym goers who are not a member of Planet Fitness. And if 20-ish, 25% of those have gyms that close, that's 10 million people looking for a place to go. And as you know, our share is about 25% today. And even if we got our fair share, that's still a considerable number of people to come into our membership role. And what we're hearing, we've talked about, you're up-to-date on all the big names. And as we've said and maybe talk to you about before and it continues, as we talk to our franchisees, more and more of the local operators who are in their markets that most of us have probably never heard of. Just don't have the ability to reopen. And also, we're hearing some of the brands that we do know are walking away from sites they were looking at because they just can't do it. So we think the -- and so who knows how that's all really going to play out. But at least -- and that's the 20 -- those numbers I was quoting, the 10 million people who might be displaced from their gym. To Chris' point, that's not even who we target, as you know. That's just the folks who are already working out who are typically 40-ish percent of our member base. So we think it's a tremendous opportunity, both to get the 80% of folks off the couch and also pick up some of the 20% who are going to be displaced when their gyms closed. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [36] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- And our next question comes from the line of Joseph Altobello with Raymond James. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Joseph Nicholas Altobello, Raymond James & Associates, Inc., Research Division - MD & Senior Analyst [37] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- I guess first quick question. Any update on the timing of the remaining 100-or-so store reopenings, given that most of those are in California, how has the state advised you or your franchisees at all? Number one. And number two, you mentioned the progress that you guys are seeing in terms of usage rates. But I think the numbers that you gave earlier, the 67% system-wide and even the 74% for early openings, they don't sound all that different from, let's say, 3 months ago. Are my numbers wrong? Or have you seen pretty steady progress there? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Christopher J. Rondeau, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CEO & Director [38] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes, Joe, this is Chris. The 67% on average, a lot of that is skewed because of the recent openings, 300, 400 or so clubs that just opened. So that's bringing that down. But if you look at the May openings, for example, that are up to 76% today, the system average back then was high 60 -- low -- high 50s or so, and they were -- most of those clubs back then were probably high 60s, low 70s. We still have some clubs in that early May openings, they are still even higher than that, right? Because that is the average, it's something like I mentioned back then that are in the 90% or 85%, 90%. So it's coming up. It's not -- I wish I was a hell lot higher, but I'm just working more happy that it's going in the right direction, not the wrong, especially with the recent trends you see on TV in the resurgence because that was definitely not the case in July and August. So that's a good part there. As far as 100 left open, like the Panama they told us November 2, they pushed it off, so that's not happening right now, maybe mid-November and Panama. But as far as the remaining stores mostly in California at this point, it's really regional in California, and they have a coding system there that they have to -- based on hospital check-ins and cases that are reported that they turn a code and then the clubs are out to open. So there's really no timing. It's just to sit and wait and each week, they look at the numbers that report and then they give us a code that we can open or not. So there's really no timing there in that state. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [39] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The final question of today's question-and-answer session will come from Alex Maroccia of Berenberg. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Alexander Rocco Maroccia, Joh. Berenberg, Gossler & Co. KG, Research Division - Analyst [40] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Among the active member base at franchise gyms, are there members that are frozen and not paying currently, but still included in the active base? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Christopher J. Rondeau, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CEO & Director [41] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. They're still in the active base. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thomas J. Fitzgerald, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CFO [42] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. But it's really pretty small. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Alexander Rocco Maroccia, Joh. Berenberg, Gossler & Co. KG, Research Division - Analyst [43] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Okay. Understood. And then how are your re-equip trends comparing to historical rates, given the 15% discount for franchisees? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Christopher J. Rondeau, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CEO & Director [44] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Dorvin, do you want to take that one? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Dorvin Donald Lively, Planet Fitness, Inc. - President [45] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yes. So one of the things that we did, Alex, was, as you recall, we announced that we were pushing out both new development as well as replacement of equipment out 12 months from the date that it was needed to be replaced. So there's certainly been a preservation of capital or cash and liquidity during the time period since we made that announcement. We'll still have some. As Tom went through some of the results earlier for Q3 and as well as Q4. But and it's not -- keep in mind, it won't be a catch-up then when you get out to the end of that 12 months. So in essence, all equipment that was out in the field regardless of the year of vintage got an incremental 12 months before it had to be replaced. So if you recall our requirements were cardio on 5 and strength in 7. So that gets moved out a full year, but all brand-new equipment, whether it's a new store or whether it's replacement equipment in an existing store, still has the 5- and the 7-year requirements on it. But a lot of franchisees are going to take advantage of it because number one is we still have the issues with stores. Some franchisees were not all stores open. And then there's just -- obviously, the concern of well stores getting reclosed again, et cetera. So most are actually going to take advantage of that. But we'll still have some, but just not where it would have been historically based on the requirements. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [46] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- At this time, I will turn the call back over to the management for any closing remarks you may have. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Christopher J. Rondeau, Planet Fitness, Inc. - CEO & Director [47] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Well, thank you, everybody, for dialing in today. And this has been one heck of a year, as we all know, and I couldn't be more excited with how our marketing is really getting people out of the couch again to join the clubs and that it's interesting to see even with what you see in the news that with our joining trends and with the marketing working that 40% of our members that are joining are still first-time gym members and they're not being persuaded to not choose bricks-and-mortar as their place to start their wellness journey. So that's super encouraging as well as honestly, I can -- I couldn't be off the call without giving kudos to our management team here in the office and all our franchisees in the field that, quite honestly, have been a remarkable to work through all of this and their excitement to put this behind us, and they're bullish just with the brand and what they see in the future as bright as what I see. And I wouldn't be here in running this company as good as I am about the corporate team here as well as our franchisees in this field. Well, thank you, and have a good evening. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Operator [48] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- And this concludes today's conference call. You may now disconnect.