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Edited Transcript of SL.L earnings conference call or presentation 7-Aug-19 8:00am GMT

Half Year 2019 Standard Life Aberdeen PLC Earnings Call

Edinburgh Aug 30, 2019 (Thomson StreetEvents) -- Edited Transcript of Standard Life Aberdeen PLC earnings conference call or presentation Wednesday, August 7, 2019 at 8:00:00am GMT

TEXT version of Transcript

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Corporate Participants

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* Campbell David Fleming

Aberdeen Standard Investments Limited - Global Head of Distribution & Member of Management Board

* Norman Keith Skeoch

Standard Life Aberdeen plc - CEO & Executive Director

* Stephanie Jane Bruce

Standard Life Aberdeen plc - CFO & Executive Director

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Conference Call Participants

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* Arnaud Maurice Andre Giblat

Exane BNP Paribas, Research Division - MD & Research Analyst

* Bruce Allan Hamilton

Morgan Stanley, Research Division - Equity Analyst

* Gurjit Singh Kambo

JP Morgan Chase & Co, Research Division - Head of Diversified Financials Research

* Hubert Lam

BofA Merrill Lynch, Research Division - VP

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Presentation

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Operator [1]

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Good morning, and thank you for joining Standard Life Aberdeen plc's Half Year Results Analyst and Investor Call. Today's call is being recorded. I will now hand over to Keith Skeoch, Chief Executive Officer. Please go ahead, Keith.

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Norman Keith Skeoch, Standard Life Aberdeen plc - CEO & Executive Director [2]

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Good morning and thank you for joining us, and welcome to Standard Life Aberdeen's interim results. It gives me great pleasure to be joined by Stephanie Bruce, our new CFO, for her first results presentation; as well as Campbell Fleming, our Head of Global Distribution.

In a few minutes, Stephanie will take us through the financial highlights. But before she does, I'm going to take a moment to update you on what has been a busy first half of the year. Busy but in a good way as we continue to drive the strategic transformation that will deliver the world-class investment company we aspire to.

In the face of tough industry conditions, with flows difficult to come by and fees under pressure, we maintained our focus on delivering what we can control and building on the resilience we delivered in 2018. This focus continues to concentrate on the 3 drivers that are most fundamental to our business and to delivering shareholder return, attracting assets, intensifying our financial discipline and unlocking the value from our balance sheet.

The first half did see a visible improvement in investment performance and continued resilience in gross flows, which are increasingly well diversified. We improved our access to savers and customers through new relationships with Virgin Money and Skipton, and we accelerated the build-out of our advisor business. We also retained GBP 35 billion of AUM in our settlement with the Lloyds Bank Group. There was a modest improvement in net outflows, and with help from markets, AUMA increased by 5%. All of that, of course, was made possible by the most important of our assets, our people.

I'd also like to note that the leadership changes we have made are working well. Multi-asset investments and wholesale distribution are both seeing a positive impact. Rose Thomson, our new Head of HR, is spearheading a program to improve engagement and embed a values-based culture. And of course, we are benefiting from Stephanie's fresh insights. In these challenging conditions, Stephanie has helped us intensify our focus on financial discipline.

We are making progress in improving our operational efficiency through continuing to execute well on our transformation program. We have actions in place that will deliver 2/3 of our efficiency targets. The heavy lifting and investment to upgrade our infrastructure is now well underway. And despite the associated costs, continued careful management of our balance sheet has allowed us to maintain a strong regulatory capital surplus. We are therefore pleased to announce a maintained dividend of 7.3p per share.

While there are increasing signs of progress, there is of course still a lot to do to deliver the strategic transformation and take advantage of the opportunity as it comes up. I'll return shortly to talk about those opportunities after Stephanie takes us through the financial highlights. Stephanie?

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Stephanie Jane Bruce, Standard Life Aberdeen plc - CFO & Executive Director [3]

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Thank you, Keith, and good morning. In summary, the key financial headlines are as follows. Assets under management and administration have increased since year-end by 5% to GBP 577 billion. Growth flows have been sustained and we are seeing an improved position on redemptions, which have reduced to a level below that which was experienced throughout 2018. Net flows remained an outflow at GBP 15.9 billion.

Adjusted profit of GBP 280 million is 10% below June 2018, impacted adversely by decreased revenues and benefiting from further improvement on costs. Statutory profit after tax has increased from GBP 111 million to GBP 636 million, primarily as a result from the sale of 6% of the stake in HDFC Life. Diluted EPS has therefore increased by 20.8p since H1 2018 to 27p. Adjusted diluted EPS has increased to 8.9p. The interim dividend is unchanged at 7.3p.

Let me now highlight a few -- number of areas in more detail. So assets under management and administration has increased to GBP 577 billion, benefiting by 7.5% from the recovery in markets, offset by net outflows of 2.9%. On the right-hand side of the page, you can see the assets under management and administration relating to our platforms of Wrap, Elevate and Parmenion, which have increased by 11%, benefiting from uplift in markets and further net inflows of new business.

Turning to gross flows. Overall, we have delivered GBP 36.5 billion of new business, which is in line with the absolute levels of the prior half year, but also represents a continuation of the improving trends of gross flows as a percentage of opening assets under management and administration.

Now leaving aside strategic insurance partners for a moment, the rest of the business has generated and won GBP 27 billion of new business in the 6-month period. This is a higher level than for the last 2 half year periods, 2% better than H1 2018 and 33% better than H2 2018. It was particularly pleasing to see improved momentum across a broad range of propositions.

And turning to the specific asset classes. We are still seeing pressure on equities at almost 9% below inflow levels of the second half of last year. The market remains tough, with a continued focus on lowering risk profiles in the current global environment impacting demand. A higher spot for equities is the interest in the China A shares fund, which has delivered strong performance and is generating strong interest as the best-selling fund in that sector.

In multi-asset, net inflows were recorded in areas such as MyFolio, with the pressure in this asset class still being evident in absolute return. In fixed income, we saw an increase of flows on the last 2 prior periods, supported by strong interest in our offerings in developed markets credits and emerging markets.

We continue to see strong interest in private equity and European real estate. And our new index of hedge funds is unique in the market and has been the most successful USIT fund launched in the alternative space in the last 12 months, attracting GBP 500 million since its launch in February this year.

In quantitative, GBP 3.5 billion of flows were received from Virgin Money, which represented the first stage of developing our partnership. I'm pleased to confirm the completion of the joint venture on the 31st of July, which enables the collaboration of our investment content and Virgin Money's customer base, now of course extended through the Clydesdale Bank acquisition.

On platform, gross flows have reduced from the prior H1 2018 period, but have remained robust compared to the second half of 2018 as we see the impact of ongoing consumer uncertainty in the U.K.

Turning to gross flows by our strategic insurance partners. Now these by nature of the underlying business are much more lumpy and reflect the on-boarding of business in those insurance partners. In this period, we have received GBP 9.7 billion of such inflows. This includes incremental flows from Phoenix Group of GBP 1.3 billion. And in addition, Phoenix Group undertook a further bulk-annuity transaction which gave rise to GBP 500 million of assets for management.

To touch on global activities, we are pleased within EMEA we are reporting net inflows in this period, which is the first time since 2017. An area of disappointment is the fact that of our growth flows, only 3% were in Asia in this period following further difficult trading for equities.

Now moving to redemptions. The 2 key classes with adverse impacts were equities and secondly multi-asset, as shown by the purple blocks. The outflows for emerging markets, Asia-Pacific and global equities do remain elevated, while for multi-asset, the outflows are concentrated in absolute return, but these are 44% less in the second half of 2018. Overall, GARS assets under management in our Institutional and Wholesale channels are now GBP 15 billion, which is 3% of assets under management and administration.

For our strategic insurance partners shown in pale blue on the graph, the redemption flows in this period reflect the usual outflows for that book of business, namely the ongoing decumulation patterns for those clients taking income as the age and retire. We received new funds in on a lumpy basis, but once that business is received it tends to be persistent and moves to a natural pattern of drawdown. In other words, these flows are much less volatile on the way out than they are on the way in.

We are pleased that Scottish Widows have chosen to retain GBP 35 billion of assets with us in real estate and quantitative. Both of these areas are key capabilities for our growth agenda. Also, through the agreed terms, we now have the pattern for the movement of those Scottish Widows assets that will be transferred out. This will be a key movement in the second half and into Q1 2020. Therefore, overall, it remained disappointing to be in net outflows.

However, looking forward, our current pipeline is stronger than in prior periods and encouragingly indicates many more new opportunities with new and existing clients. This reflects 2 key factors within the good work being undertaken by our distribution team: firstly, on retention of existing clients; and secondly, the active development of our client and market coverage creating new opportunities.

As Keith highlighted, investment performance has improved. For our pipeline, this will not yet be reflected given the inevitable time lag of investing decisions. So we are also encouraged on the positive implications that should follow this improvement in performance. However, we do continue to be cautious due to the tough market and subdued consumer sentiment, particularly in the U.K. which continues to be impacted by political uncertainty.

Moving now to the key components of the adjusted profit of GBP 280 million. Firstly, on revenue. The reduction reflects the impact of those outflows we experienced in second half of 2018 and further outflows in 2019, particularly in multi-asset and equities which are at higher margins.

Turning from volume to margin, the average margin has reduced by 3.5 basis points on comparison with June 2018. Underlying these are several specific factors, both positive and adverse. Firstly, margin on equities has improved by 2.1 basis points since the H2 2018 period and has broadly held -- and broadly has held constant on the June '18 comparator at just under 67 basis points. On fixed income, margins have also increased since year-end and are back to broad alignment with those levels at June 2018. And on platforms, the margins we are earning continue to be solid and broadly consistent at 25.6 basis points.

On the other hand, the margin on multi-asset has decreased by circa 10 basis points. This reflects growth in the volume of lower margin Parmenion and MyFolio solutions, but also in part reflects the impact of price agreements from the second half of '18 linked to our retention activities. Encouragingly, if the current improved performance in GARS continues, those fees will increase.

Looking forward, another factor to consider is that the transfer of the now-agreed tranches of Scottish Widows asset will, once completed, have a positive impact on the average margin.

So in summary, while we continue to see an overall pressure on average margins, we are not seeing a significant long-term shift for our business at this time.

Moving to our share of associates and joint venture profits. This is an increase in the period due to the impact of Phoenix profits now being recorded in this period. And on operating expenses, we have recorded an improvement, with costs reducing to GBP 673 million.

And let me move on to financial discipline. Financial discipline is something you will not be surprised to hear that I see as a major objective. Coming into this role, I am looking closely at how we ensure financial discipline is applied through a period of ongoing change internally and as a result of the impact of ongoing external pressures. It is clear for any business and sector going through transformation that there is a balance to be struck: taking out costs at the right pace to achieve the economic outcome required and taking out the right costs so the space is created for the investments in those areas of growth for the future.

We remain on track to deliver the GBP 350 million of savings that have been highlighted previously. As a remainder -- sorry, as a reminder, this represents 23% of the baseline costs in 2017. We are making good progress. And at the end of June, we have undertaken actions that will deliver GBP 234 million of efficiency, so we are now already 2/3 complete across this transformation activity.

As we have seen in previous periods, the profit and loss benefit, as shown in the lower slide or on the left-hand side of the slide, lags the actual actions taken, and as have been highlighted before, a number of the key planned benefits in our operational and technology arenas will not be realized until the end of 2019 and into 2020. In the first half of the year, the benefit of efficiencies amounted to GBP 103 million for the period, GBP 206 million annualized, compared to GBP 40 million as at June 2018.

Given we are ahead on the completion rates on the actions, we are expecting an increased proportion of benefits to be realized in the results in the second half of the year. During this period, we have also seen investments in acquisitions and preparations for the Virgin Money activity, together with investments in our stocks for new hires and stock inflation, and through acquisitions such as Orion, providing real estate capability in the Far East.

Now given the ongoing pressure on the top line of the business, we continue to look at all opportunities in terms of both our cost savings and how we are adding costs in our business in order that we increase the pace for realizing these benefits and to ensure a relentless focus on the business as usual discipline. This includes accelerating the actions planned for subsequent periods, such as accelerating the review of those funds which are subscale and not economic, quicker streamlining of administrative processes and robust supplier cost management, and accelerating our work to aid those areas of the business where the cost income ratios are too high for this environment.

In particular, there are opportunities for us to be more agile and coordinated in how we operate across our ecosystem, and we are seeking to accelerate these opportunities. Our cost profile does not lend itself to being flexed in any one half year period to respond to the revenue challenges we have experienced. The cost/income ratio, therefore, has increased in the period to 72%, reflecting the changes in revenue. However, I have now intensified our financial discipline on revenues and costs to make sure the business is the right size for these conditions with the resulting benefit to the cost/income ratio over the medium term.

The cost to achieve transformation are being funded from our balance sheet and continue to be in line with budget. The transformation we are undertaking is significant in its scale, and that scale brings upside by incorporating investments in the business for the future. For example, within the restructuring spend of GBP 198 million in the first half of this year, there are costs which represent key investments in our business, and I will take just a moment to give you 2 such examples.

Firstly, Charles River and the front office platform. This accounts for circa 10% of our spend in this period and provides a core data platform on a consolidated basis for all fund managers. The upgraded versions are far superior to the original and will place us in the top quartile for investment platform technology, thereby providing future proofing for some years to come.

And secondly, as Keith has highlighted, our people are essential to our business, so a key area of investment for us is the transformation of our HR systems and processes. This have been slow to get moving. But with new focus in H1 2019, the pace has picked up and the outcome will be a consolidated system and process by Q1 2020 that will be a key enabler for connecting our people and providing an enhanced experience for our people.

Turning now to our capital position. As Keith has said before, we have a strong capital position and balance sheet, which is an important source of benefit to the business and to shareholders. Key movements in this period comprise a buyback, the debt retender and the sale of 6.21% stake in HDFC Life. Overall, since the start of the year, our regulatory capital surplus has increased by GBP 300 million to GBP 0.9 billion.

The regulatory position only includes GBP 200 million of the GBP 5.2 billion market value of our strategic investments, ignoring therefore significant value. However, regardless, our regulatory surplus is strong. We have also continued to optimize the debt arrangements, retendering debt that was Solvency II compliant, but not appropriate for the CRD IV regime. We will continue to optimize our debt arrangements given ongoing consultation and change within the regime.

And finally, turning to the dividend. It was highlighted clearly at the year-end that the Board intended to hold the dividend throughout the period of transformation. I can confirm that the interim dividend position is unchanged. However, the estimated cash cost of this dividend has changed, with a reduction of 19% to GBP 173 million.

For June 2019, diluted EPS is 27p, a considerable uplift on the prior period due primarily to the crystallized gain on sale of 6% of HDFC Life. Diluted adjusted EPS has increased to 8.9p. This has been helped by our focus on financial discipline, combined with a 19% reduction in our share count over the last 12 months, a product of returning over GBP 1.5 billion to shareholders via the B share scheme and buybacks.

Looking forward, the distributable reserves will be further supported by these profits, the receipt in the second half of 2019 of the compensation payments from LBG and the continued realization through '19 and '20 of synergies and transformation benefits.

With that, Keith will now comment on the positioning of our business for the longer term.

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Norman Keith Skeoch, Standard Life Aberdeen plc - CEO & Executive Director [4]

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Thanks, Stephanie. While we continue to make good progress with our strategic transformation in what can only be described as a challenging environment, it's worth reminding ourselves that, that transformation is proactively positioning the business for long-term growth. Over the next 10 minutes or so, I'll focus on the opportunities opening up for us as well as the investments we are making to take advantage of them.

Our vision is to create a world-class investment company that has global scale, well diversified by product and channel. We aspire to be a leader in new active investing, with reach to clients and customers throughout the savings and investment ecosystem via our platforms, advice and investment content. It's these characteristics that will bring us even closer to clients and customers, and help meet the rapidly changing demands across the investment landscape.

As we continue to position the business for long-term growth, we are also helped, as Stephanie pointed out, by our strong balance sheet. This is not only a source of resilience but also a means of funding the investments in innovation, technology and people that, together, will improve the efficiency and scalability of our operations. Unlocking value from the balance sheet is an equally important driver for shareholder returns.

So what are we going to do to take advantage of the opportunities generated by that rapidly changing investment landscape? As I did at the finals in March, I'll concentrate on 3 areas that are critical for successful delivery: investment performance, meeting clients and customers' needs to attract assets, and finally, utilizing our balance sheet to fund investment and drive shareholder returns.

So first, investment performance. Performance across the house continued to improve in 2019. 53% of funds were ahead of benchmark in the year to June. And for the all-important 3-year track record, 65% of funds were ahead of benchmark compared with only 50% at the turn of the year. The performance enhancement plans we put in place over 18 months ago to address underperforming funds are clearly bearing fruit, as has the investment teams coming together.

By the end of June, Asia-Pacific equities and GARS were ahead of benchmark at 1, 3 and 5 years. GEM equities, global emerging markets, are nearly 900 basis points ahead over 1 year and ahead of 5 years, but still have a little bit of work to do to repair the 3-year track record. However, the improvement in global equities is nowhere near as strong. It will, of course, take time for the improved competitiveness of these funds to be fully reflected in redemptions.

The improvement in investment performance is widespread and much broader than these 4 areas. Equities have strong 1-, 3- and 5-year track records in increasing number of funds. European smaller companies are 500 basis points ahead at 1, 3 and 5 years. European long-term quality is over 400 basis points ahead at 1 and 3 years and over 300 at 5 years. The U.K. opportunities and long-term quality funds have equally strong records. We also have broad outperformance across fixed income, all regions are ahead of benchmark in investment grade credit and there are strong track records in emerging market debt, a total return credit and diversified growth funds.

To be sure, the strength of the turn in performance has been helped by the grain of the market. However, it's also clear that the improvements in investment process and people leadership have had an equally powerful impact. It's also encouraging that this is taking place against -- across a broad range of funds at a time when value as a style remains deeply unappreciated.

Furthermore, the investment to improve our underlying infrastructure, such as moving to an upgraded single instance of Charles River with the unified people system on Workday will bring our teams even closer together and reinforce the team-based culture that lies behind investment performance.

With the investment performance improving, the competitiveness of our product suite, Campbell and his team are able to increasingly concentrate on attracting clients and customers. At a time when fees are under constant pressure, it's even more important to pay attention to the sources of long-term revenue as well as asset growth. According to the Boston Consulting Group, 90% of the industry's revenue growth will come from new active over the course of the next 5 years. Around 49% will come from alternatives, 23% from solutions and the remaining 21% from active specialties.

We have the scale and breadth of capability to take advantage of these opportunities. We are a top 10 player in alternatives, a leading provider of risk-based solutions for retail clients and one of Europe's leading managers of insurance assets.

We also continue to invest by deepening and broadening our product range to ensure that we continue to meet client needs. Some recent examples of the expansion of our real estate capabilities into Asia through the Orion platform and the launch of our index of hedge funds, which now has over GBP 500 million of assets under management.

On active specialties, we continue to enhance our ESG offering and our China A share fund now has GBP 2.6 billion of assets under management from us taking domestic China to clients around the world. These examples underline our strength in global distribution across the Wholesale and Institutional channels.

We also continue to invest in our reach throughout savings and investments ecosystem. We've announced new relations with Skipton and Virgin Money that utilize both our technology and platform to bring access to over 6 million customers. Our unique investment hub technology continues to grow at pace and now have assets exceeding GBP 10 billion.

We accelerated the build-out of 1825 with the acquisition of the advisor teams from Grant Thornton and BDO in Northern Ireland. The strategic relationship with Phoenix brings us access to 10 million customers. That has been a slower start than I think either of us would have liked. Rest assured, we are taking action to ensure this partnership will deliver on its promise.

The net result of all of that is that we have access to 16 million customers and these customers have access to a broad range of offering throughout the ecosystem, from digital self-service to traditional face-to-face, through either 1825, Parmenion or the 5,000 IFAs powered by our platforms. As I said earlier, we continue to be very busy but in a good way, as we remain focused on driving the transformation that's opening up with these opportunities.

Let me now turn to the strength of our balance sheet. As well as the regulatory surplus that Stephanie has pointed out, we have valuable listed investments worth over GBP 5 billion. We have a long and proud track record of reshaping our balance sheet as we transform our business. And we have been returning capital to shareholders, and we intend to continue that tradition.

To that end, we will commence a GBP 200 million share buyback within this quarter to complete the GBP 1.75 billion capital return we announced last year. We are also deeply aware that these investments are held ultimately to create value for shareholders. And as we continue to reshape our business, we will also remain focused on ensuring that we unlock the value of the assets on the balance sheet. I am confident we will make further progress in the second half of 2019.

In summary, the first half of 2019 saw us continue to make progress in delivering our transformation in challenging market conditions and in positioning the business for long-term growth. We have the financial strength to invest in innovation, technology and our people, while at the same time rewarding shareholders.

As we do this, I can assure you that in these tough market conditions we face, we will be relentless in our focus on the 3 drivers that are most fundamental to our business and to delivering shareholder return, attracting assets, intensify our financial discipline and unlocking the value from our balance sheet.

Thank you for listening. Stephanie, Campbell and I will now be delighted to answer your questions. Operator?

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Questions and Answers

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Operator [1]

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(Operator Instructions) The first question comes from the line of Hubert Lam from Bank of America.

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Hubert Lam, BofA Merrill Lynch, Research Division - VP [2]

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I just got a couple of questions. Firstly, on costs. You're currently about 2/3 your way in terms of your cost synergies. Just wondering what do you think is the possibility of maybe increasing the cost savings just given how fast you've achieved your savings to date. Second question is on fee margin. As you mentioned, the multi-asset margin fell by 10 basis points over the half. But you also mentioned the possibility of it increasing if the performance improves or is maintained. Can you maybe discuss a bit in terms of what performance needs to go to for that fee margin to ratchet up again? And what the fee -- how much higher the fee margin could be if that -- if it's triggered?

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Norman Keith Skeoch, Standard Life Aberdeen plc - CEO & Executive Director [3]

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Okay. Hubert, I'll go -- we go to Stephanie first for costs and then go to Campbell on the question on the fee margin.

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Stephanie Jane Bruce, Standard Life Aberdeen plc - CFO & Executive Director [4]

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So thank you. Our priority is to deliver the GBP 350 million of savings and to make sure that we're doing everything that we can do in terms of the efficiencies. As you see, we are already on track -- sorry, we are already 2/3 of the way through in terms of creating those actions, which again is pleasing. As you would expect, in terms of financial discipline I want to see coming through, we are going to do everything in terms of -- particularly in the business-as-usual space, to make sure that we are doing everything that we can do to adjust in terms of the environment that we're in. It's not about setting new targets, it's not about trying to raise to another target in an external environment, particularly at this point.

The real focus for me is making sure that we're delivering on the savings we have and being able to -- make sure that we can get that financial discipline to make -- apply it in all areas of our business-as-usual activity. And that's really where I mentioned that we want to accelerate as much as possible things that were already going to be planned, either towards the end of the transformation period or beyond. And it's those sorts of areas that we will be bringing in. But those are the sorts of things you would expect us to be doing as part of the business-as-usual discipline in terms of the current environment.

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Campbell David Fleming, Aberdeen Standard Investments Limited - Global Head of Distribution & Member of Management Board [5]

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In relation to the fee margins, I think if you look at Slide 13, as Keith alluded to, you'll see a significant improvement at that vital 3-year number and also the 1-year number. If that continues, then we hope that, a, the outflows will continue to reduce and that also the inflows in those products, which are currently we still receive flows into them, will also pick up. As to when and how that might happen, it's very difficult to forecast and we prefer not to. But you're seeing the margin impact come through, I believe, in Slide 24, which is the mixture of the exacerbated outflows we saw in that asset class in the last half and also some of the fee variations agreement that we've had put in place, which, by the way, if performance continues to see -- to improve, there will be the ability to claw back some of those fees that have been reduced.

So the trend I believe is significantly improving in terms of performance. And as and when that comes through to the margin pick-up and the flow improvement, that's very difficult to predict. But I think if you look at the overall trend, as Stephanie picked up in terms of the [raw] increase in gross flows and the improvement in the net flow position with the overall increase in our assets under administration and management, I'll take that in these very difficult trading conditions that Keith has also referred to.

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Operator [6]

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The next question comes from the line of Gurjit Kambo from JPMorgan.

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Gurjit Singh Kambo, JP Morgan Chase & Co, Research Division - Head of Diversified Financials Research [7]

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Just a couple of questions. Firstly, just in terms of the revenue margins. So in equities, the margin sort of increased a bit, a couple of basis points I think, in the first half. So just trying to think about the dynamics there. Are we sort of saying that the -- what you're losing, what you're bringing in is actually not at that different levels and maybe the inflows are slightly higher to drive that revenue margin up in the first half? So that's the first question around equity margins.

And then second, just more broadly around sort of the flows in areas like private markets. So I guess the broader industry has been awash with a lot of cash coming in. And for SLA, we've seen a sort of couple of halves now where you've continued to see outflows. So just sort of what's going on there? And then on MyFolio, in terms of the sort of dynamics there, it feels like the inflows have sort of held up versus the last kind of couple of half years but -- half periods, but the redemptions have picked up there. So what's sort of coming of going on in MyFolio and Parmenion?

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Norman Keith Skeoch, Standard Life Aberdeen plc - CEO & Executive Director [8]

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Okay. On revenue margin, we'll go back to Stephanie, but I think we're largely talking about a mix impact. Stephanie.

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Stephanie Jane Bruce, Standard Life Aberdeen plc - CFO & Executive Director [9]

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Yes. I mean in terms of specifics on the margin and equities, as you say, we are seeing an improvement on that second half of '18 and a consistency with the first half year period of June '18. But as you say, what really is driving it through, therefore, is the overall mix and volume that is moving across the overall book. I think what is pleasing is that certain areas and asset classes actually are holding or in some cases improving in their margin overall. And therefore, in terms of our diversification across the activity in the period is therefore helpful in terms of our overall average margin.

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Norman Keith Skeoch, Standard Life Aberdeen plc - CEO & Executive Director [10]

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On flows?

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Campbell David Fleming, Aberdeen Standard Investments Limited - Global Head of Distribution & Member of Management Board [11]

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Yes. I'd just add to that. When you do have improving performance, improving market levels and things you can maintain pricing, you'll see that there's been a range of good wins across the fees from many regions both in new active equities, both in alternatives and things. In relation to the alternatives and private markets picture, there is a thing going on there that as strategies come to their end, they are either recycled or replaced with new strategies. And that's -- that means that until we actually draw down on those commitments, the commitments that we've won do not appear in the flows. So if you have a look at the outlook there, both in terms of real estate, private markets, private equity and the like, we do have a decent pipeline of won and not funded and committed and not yet drawn down. So it's a normal cycle of what happens in that asset class.

In relation to the MyFolio flows, there was one significant client loss in the period which impacted it, as you've picked up, and we've also launched new versions of MyFolio, new folio life and the like to take advantage of people wanting lower-priced products. So we now have basically a bronze, silver and gold version across the piece for MyFolio. These were launched specifically with Virgin Money in mind, but also through the Skipton partnership which we hope will continue to grow over the next 2 to 3 years.

So going back to Keith's point that you saw with those access to those many millions of customers, we're now able to offer a range of outcomes and services at 0 point of the price spectrum to take advantage of those people that are prepared to pay for good active and constraint strategies right down to those people who just want a passive or better wider approach.

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Operator [12]

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The next question comes from the line of Bruce Hamilton.

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Bruce Allan Hamilton, Morgan Stanley, Research Division - Equity Analyst [13]

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Yes. I've got 3. Firstly, on the sort of performance numbers. I mean I take the point from the -- some of the bright spots you flagged. But when I look at the table, I mean, your 3-year in equities, which is high margin, still looks very weak at 27% above benchmark. So can you walk through which areas are still really weak and where you need to see an improvement? And also, on the multi-asset, which I guess is another high margin area, the 3-year has clearly improved a lot, but the 1-year 21% above benchmark suggested that's probably going backwards in the short term. So I just want to understand a little more. It looks like the 65% is kind of helped by lower margin areas and the higher margin still have quite a lot of issues. So maybe just help me understand that.

Secondly, on sort of liquidity risk, which obviously been a market topic. How do you assess the risks that the FCA could look at changing rules around particularly, say, open-ended real estate funds where liquidity mismatches perhaps looked more extreme than other areas? And then finally, on the sort of strategic investments and balance sheet. You mentioned the ability to invest in tech and so forth. Can you give us a little bit more color on which areas do you think look most interesting for investments? Is it really technology or are there sort of asset clauses or other things you'd like to get your hands on? And for some of the GBP 5 billion of strategic investment value on the balance sheet, any of that, that we should think about in terms of divesting or not being core to strategy going forward.

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Norman Keith Skeoch, Standard Life Aberdeen plc - CEO & Executive Director [14]

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Okay. On the performance numbers, the one area which I think I called out that we are -- is not doing as well -- it's getting ahead of benchmark but the progress is nowhere near as strong as global equity. And in particular, one of our large global equities has an emerging market tilt, and that's what it's being sold to investors. So the time when the U.S. economy and the U.S. market is being relatively robust, it will take time for that swing around. So what you're seeing is a lot of components kind of coming through.

On the multi-asset, you're looking at averages there rather than point forecast because it's -- and we are seeing across the piece, I would reiterate, that the bulk of our multi-asset funds and GARS in particular is now ahead of benchmark at 1, 3 and 5 years and it is doing its job.

On liquidity risk, I think a couple of things on that. This is a market perennial that's been around for a long time. I've been through several, several cycles. Certainly, my interaction with the FCA suggests that they're in an appropriate strategic place. If you think back to what happened with the lock-up in property funds and the way in which that was dealt with post Brexit, I think it was dealt with relatively well. And conversations are ongoing about how you deal with that.

So I don't see any signs yet of a knee-jerk reaction. I see rather sensible conversations about the wiring and plumbing and the liquidity ladder. And the other point I'd make on that liquidity ladder, when you look at firms like us and somebody else, although it pains me to say it, we've had those outflows from GARS and we've never gated the fund. So there are people out there that are doing things in the right place.

On strategic investments, kind of a couple of comments. When we were talking about investments in technology, we were really talking about the Charles River and the technology that connects our middle office with suppliers where we are making investments and funding them off the balance sheet and significantly upgrading our own technology which helps bring the teams together, and we're expecting to make significant progress on that in the end of 2019.

In terms of those strategic assets or the assets on the balance sheet, we've made it clear the investments in Phoenix is strategic. I would view the AMC in India as strategic. But I would note, and I think it's important to understand, that we had an IPO a year ago and we need, together with HDFC, to facilitate a minimum public shareholding of 25%. There needs to be a 25% free float in India and we have until August 2021 to do that. So there will be -- we'll play our part in making sure that happens.

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Operator [15]

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The next questions come from the line of Arnaud Giblat from Exane.

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Arnaud Maurice Andre Giblat, Exane BNP Paribas, Research Division - MD & Research Analyst [16]

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I've got 3 questions, please. Firstly, if I can come back to the open-ended real estate funds. You mentioned that conversations were ongoing with the FCA. But how do you approach any liquidity risks from your side? Because when you go back to your gating experience from 2016, clearly that was triggered by Brexit in the -- with the risk of a hard Brexit coming up and well the U.K. property market is not exactly performing really well, do you see -- how do you reposition those portfolios for eventual redemptions?

And my second question is on the management fee margin in the multi-asset product. Part of the drop you mentioned is -- part of the reprice. Is the revenue margin you're reporting a run rate --- on a run-rate basis that the repricing happened during the half and should we be looking -- another way of asking that question is, should we be looking at that run rate being a bit lower? And finally, if I can come back to Slide 9. You mentioned a GBP 25 million difference between the cost synergies that have been achieved and those on a run-rate basis. So is that what we're looking at for H2? You're starting off with that GBP 25 million lower run rate cost base to which we take off some cost synergies to come and add back some investments?

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Norman Keith Skeoch, Standard Life Aberdeen plc - CEO & Executive Director [17]

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Okay. Well, if I can do the [ROIC], Campbell will do the fee margin and then we'll come back to Stephanie on the GBP 25 million. We have been working hard to make sure that ROIC and, more accurately, our pace are in absolutely the right space. And at the moment, they are open. But one thing I can say is we have a principle that says we will do whatever is the right thing for our clients and our customers, and we'll work with the authorities to make sure that that's in a good position. So I don't really have much to add. I think it's pointless speculating about those issues. We're aware of the issues and we've managed through them in the previous period. And I think our track record actually speaks for himself. So Campbell, on the fee margin?

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Campbell David Fleming, Aberdeen Standard Investments Limited - Global Head of Distribution & Member of Management Board [18]

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Yes. On the fee margin in respect to multi-asset, it is a very idiosyncratic thing happening here with a vintage of clients that got into the funds and then experienced a difficult period. So they're the clients in which we varied the fee arrangement and reduced -- and introduced a performance fee and stayed with it. And then secondly, the assets that are coming in where we are winning those assets at sort of traditional rates, which remain anything north of 65 basis points and up to 80, 85 basis points depending what [rapport] it's in and where it is. So there's an idiosyncratic thing going on here in relation to a vintage of clients that we have come to sensible arrangements with and the new business that's coming in is at sort of traditional rates. So that, coupled with a mixture that we've got there has resulted in that margin drop in that particular segment.

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Stephanie Jane Bruce, Standard Life Aberdeen plc - CFO & Executive Director [19]

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In the first half of this year.

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Campbell David Fleming, Aberdeen Standard Investments Limited - Global Head of Distribution & Member of Management Board [20]

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In the first half of this year.

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Stephanie Jane Bruce, Standard Life Aberdeen plc - CFO & Executive Director [21]

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So I think in terms of how we are looking at the guidance for this, we would not see that having an additional impact as we look forward to the second half of the period because of the reasons that Campbell has said.

If I just turn to then your points about the run rate. I think your question refers to the GBP 103 million of annualized run rate and costs that I mentioned that are applied for the first half of '19 versus the GBP 40 million in the equivalent period in June '18. I also mentioned, when I was just running through the presentation there, that our expectation is very much that we will see an increase in the run rate that we'd seen in H1 2019 for the simple reason that a number of the areas were always planned to come through in terms of the benefits in the second part of the year, and particularly quite a lot of heavy lifting that's been done in the back end of '18 and into the first half of '19. Those benefits were never planned to materialize until -- into the profit and loss account until the second part of this year and into '20. So as we're looking at the cost profile, we are working with the discipline to make sure that we come in at an increased run rate in the second half of this year.

And I'd also just go back to an earlier point which is that whilst we are, as I said, very much focused on delivering the targets, a key part of the discipline that I'm driving towards in terms of the financial costs is to make sure that we continue to focus in on those BAU costs and bringing them down at the same time as well. And that includes actually where we will add on costs and how we will add on costs. And again, as I've referenced before, that's about getting very good discipline around the ongoing business as usual expenditure, reflecting the tougher conditions that we're in.

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Norman Keith Skeoch, Standard Life Aberdeen plc - CEO & Executive Director [22]

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Okay. Thank you, Stephanie. And thank you for your questions and thank you for coming on the call on what I know is a very busy day. And I know that Stephanie and I will be available and meet those who would like to follow lunch at Bow Bells House today to answer some more questions. So thank you very much for your questions. Thank you very much for listening, and please enjoy the rest of your day. Thank you.

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Operator [23]

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That does conclude our conference for today. Thank you for participating. You may all disconnect. Have a nice day. Dear speakers, please standby.