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Edited Transcript of WSBC earnings conference call or presentation 28-Jan-20 3:00pm GMT

Q4 2019 WesBanco Inc Earnings Call

Wheeling Feb 1, 2020 (Thomson StreetEvents) -- Edited Transcript of WesBanco Inc earnings conference call or presentation Tuesday, January 28, 2020 at 3:00:00pm GMT

TEXT version of Transcript

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Corporate Participants

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* John H. Iannone

WesBanco, Inc. - SVP of Investor & Public Relations

* Robert H. Young

WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO

* Todd F. Clossin

WesBanco, Inc. - President, CEO & Director

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Conference Call Participants

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* Broderick Dyer Preston

Stephens Inc., Research Division - VP & Analyst

* Casey Cassiday Whitman

Piper Sandler & Co., Research Division - MD & Senior Research Analyst

* Catherine Fitzhugh Summerson Mealor

Keefe, Bruyette, & Woods, Inc., Research Division - MD and SVP

* Russell Elliott Teasdale Gunther

D.A. Davidson & Co., Research Division - VP & Senior Research Analyst

* Stephen M. Moss

B. Riley FBR, Inc., Research Division - Analyst

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Presentation

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Operator [1]

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Good day, and welcome to the WesBanco Fourth Quarter 2019 Earnings Conference Call and webcast. (Operator Instructions) Please note, today's event is being recorded. I would now like to turn the conference over to Mr. John Iannone, Senior Vice President of Investor Relations. Please go ahead, sir.

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John H. Iannone, WesBanco, Inc. - SVP of Investor & Public Relations [2]

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Thank you, Rocco. Good morning, and welcome to WesBanco Inc.'s Fourth Quarter 2019 Earnings Conference Call. Our fourth quarter 2019 earnings release, which contains consolidated financial highlights the reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures, was issued yesterday afternoon and is available on our website, wesbanco.com.

Leading the call today are Todd Clossin, President and Chief Executive Officer; and Bob Young, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer.

Following our opening remarks, we will begin a question-and-answer session. An archive of this call will be available on our website for 1 year.

Forward-looking statements in this report relating to WesBanco's plans, strategies, objectives, expectations, intentions and adequacy of resources are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The information contained in this report should be read in conjunction with WesBanco's Form 10-K and for the year ended December 31, 2018, and Form 10-Q for the quarters ended March 31, June 30 and September 30, 2019, as well as documents subsequently filed at WesBanco with Securities and Exchange Commission, which are available on the SEC and WesBanco's websites.

Investors are cautioned that forward-looking statements, which are not historical fact, involve risks and uncertainties, including those detailed in WesBanco's most recent annual report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC under risk factors in part 1, Item 1A. Such statements are subject to important factors that can cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by such statements. WesBanco does not assume any duty to update forward-looking statements. Todd?

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Todd F. Clossin, WesBanco, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [3]

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Well, good morning. Thank you, John. On today's call, we'll be viewing our results for the fourth quarter of 2019. Key takeaways from the call today are: We reported record net income for 2019 of $172 million, excluding merger-related costs. Key credit quality metrics remained at low levels. We successfully consummated our merger with Old Line Bancshares and are excited about our opportunities in the Mid-Atlantic market. It's important to note that 75% of our projected cost saves will not begin to be realized until after the systems conversion that will occur at the end of the first quarter of 2020.

Since 2009, we have grown from $5 billion to nearly $16 billion in total assets, while generating positive operating leverage that lowered our efficiency ratio approximately 750 basis points to 56.7%, during 2019. We accomplished this tripling in size by expanding from 3 to 6 states spanning to Mid-West, the Mid-South and now the Mid-Atlantic with substantial deposit market shares while maintaining balanced loan and deposit distribution across this diverse regional footprint. This geographic expansion was done methodically with a critical focus on shareholder return.

During the last 4 years, we have moved into 2 fast-growing regions: The Louisville-Lexington corridor in Kentucky and the Baltimore, Washington, D.C. corridor in Maryland. In fact, we have expanded many of our revenue-generating functions into diversified major markets with growing populations and positive demographics, while keeping the majority of our back office and support staffs based in our Wheeling headquarters. We focused on developing and expanding our earnings streams through the diversifying of our loan portfolio and enhancing of our fee-related businesses. Commercial and industrial loans have increased nearly 260% to represent 16% of loans as compared to 13% 10 years ago through a combination of acquisitions, entering major markets, hiring excellent teams and developing a full suite of commercial products.

We now provide our commercial customers the services they need to effectively and efficiently run their organizations, including loan swaps, money management, treasury management, investment and retirement and foreign exchange services. In addition, we have made significant investments in our fee-based businesses, where we have added securities brokerage, licensed banking services, and we developed private banking services as well, which has grown at a 40% compound annual growth rate since being launched in 2013.

We've grown our residential mortgage lending program capabilities, which has allowed mortgage banking volume to increase threefold over the last few years that we have focused on taking advantage of new markets and adding talented mortgage origination officers in order to balance the growth between secondary market loans and portfolio loans.

We've invested in scalable technology that meets the needs of our regional franchise as well as the needs of our customers when and how they want those needs met. Years ago, we implemented video conferencing, sim client technology and cloud-based infrastructure to allow us to operate efficiently and effectively as we've grown. We were 1 of the first banks to utilize Apple and Google Pay and have enhanced the digital offerings to our customers to include online applications for residential and small business loans, online deposit account opening, P2P payment capabilities and online budgeting tools. Our company is evolving and will continue to evolve as we develop new revenue streams into higher growth markets.

Our very recent recognition as the #7 best bank in the country by Forbes, coupled with our seventh consecutive outstanding CRA rating, demonstrate our continued commitment to our customers and our communities during this evolution.

We are proud of our long, rich history. We're excited about our future opportunities as we continue to transform our institution to meet the needs of our customers with a community bank feel.

I'd now like to turn the call over to Bob Young, our CFO, for an update on the fourth quarter's financial results. Bob?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [4]

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Thanks, Todd, and good morning to all of you. Our fourth quarter core earnings performance improved and was above our expectations as execution of our fundamental strategies, control deposit costs and expenses and accretion from the old line acquisition drove improved earnings over the third quarter and assisted in our record core net income performance of $159 million for all of 2019.

During the fourth quarter, we experienced a continued declining rate environment and a relatively flat yield curve, although it did improve somewhat later in the quarter. The impact of another 25 basis point federal reserve short-term interest rate cut in October, a pickup in commercial real estate projects being refinanced or sold earlier than expected due to the current rate environment and the full quarter's impact of the mandatory limitation on interchange fees for large banks above $10 billion in total assets.

For the 3 months ended December 31, 2019, we reported GAAP net income of $36.4 million and earnings per diluted share of $0.60, as compared to $43.9 million and $0.80, respectively, in the prior year period. Excluding after-tax merger-related expenses from both periods, net income increased 1% to $45.5 million with earnings per diluted share of $0.75. The year-over-year decrease in earnings per diluted share was primarily due to the additional shares issued for the old line acquisition as well as before our anticipated expense savings.

In addition, for the 12 months ended December 31, 2019, we reported GAAP net income of $159 million and earnings per diluted share of $2.83, as compared to $143.1 million and $2.92, respectively, in the prior year period. Excluding after-tax merger-related expenses from both periods, net income increased 9.3% to $171.8 million, with earnings per diluted share of $3.06.

Financial results for First Sentry and Farmers Capital have been included in WesBanco's results subsequent to their merger dates of April 5 and August 20, 2018, respectively, and the financial results for Old Line have been included in our results, since its November 22, 2019, merger date.

Total assets as of the end of the year of $15.7 billion increased 26.2% year-over-year due to the Old Line acquisition. Furthermore, total portfolio loans of $10.3 billion increased 34.1%, while total deposits increased 24.6% to $11 billion compared to the prior year, also due to the acquisition.

Total organic loan growth was 1.1% year-over-year primarily in C&I and residential real estate loan categories, partially offset by elevated levels of commercial real estate loan payouts. Excluding the Old Line acquisition and certificates of deposit, which we continue to allow to run off over time, our organic transaction account deposits increased slightly year-over-year, while noninterest-bearing demand deposits increased 2.2%.

During the fourth quarter, we reduced certain higher cost rates for private banking, public funds, institutional and repo sweep accounts as well as certain higher cost CD rates in our new and Mid-Atlantic market.

For loans, we realized strong total production during both fourth quarter as well as for the full year of 2019.

Total commercial production of approximately $1.6 billion increased 40% year-over-year, and total residential real estate production increased 34% year-over-year to approximately $650 million. This growth in production was driven by the caliber of our lending teams as well as the continued strength across the diverse economies of our 6-state footprint.

Both commercial and residential production was higher during the fourth quarter and the same period last year, while year-end pipelines were also stronger than at year-end 2018 at $680 million and $85 million, respectively.

So far, new loan production in the Mid-Atlantic market continues at a similar pace to what they had recorded before the acquisition.

While commercial and industrial lending typically has long sales cycles, we are seeing the benefits of the prior investments we have made in the expansion and quality of our commercial and industrial lending teams, and launching of our online lending application capabilities earlier in 2019. These investments contributed to 5.9% year-over-year organic growth in our C&I lending category.

The federal reserve rate cuts during the second half of 2019 have continued to both detract from and benefit our residential real estate loan categories. Organic home equity lending decreased 1.8% year-over-year, primarily due to the low interest rate environment, driving an increase in residential mortgage refinancing as homeowners trade variable-rate HELOC balances for fixed-rate first-lien mortgages.

On the flip side, the expansion of our mortgage origination teams has resulted in higher gain on sale income, up almost 41% for the year on record production as well as retained loans for the loan portfolio, which grew organically 1.9% year-over-year.

In addition, mortgage refinancing volume, which represented about 42% of total fourth quarter production, is now nearly 4x the volume realized during the prior year period. Application activity to date in our Mid-Atlantic market bodes well for their contributions to 2020 residential mortgage loan growth and gain on sale income.

As a result of the current rate environment, highlighted by 3 recent Federal reserve interest rate cuts, we have continued to see a pickup in commercial real estate projects going to the secondary market. We're selling outright earlier than expected.

In fact, the acceleration we experienced during the fourth quarter of 2019 was almost triple the more normalized quarterly average rate we experienced during the first half of 2019 and exceeded $200 million in the fourth quarter, which negatively impacted total organic fourth quarter loan growth by approximately 2 percentage points.

We expect the current elevated level of commercial real estate payoffs to continue through at least the first half of 2020. However, it could last longer depending upon the interest rate environment. Despite the headwinds created by the low interest rate environment and aggressive secondary commercial real estate market, we do expect to see a return to our normal low to mid-single-digit total loan growth over the long-term due to our new Mid-Atlantic market, the strength of our lending teams and the record levels of both our total commercial and residential mortgage pipelines, as I previously noted.

As we are seeing across our industry, net interest margins are being negatively impacted by the 3 cuts to federal reserves target federal funds rate during the second half of 2019 as well as the relatively flat yield curve. Reflecting these industry-wide headwinds, our net interest margin for the fourth quarter of 2019 decreased '17 basis points year-over-year to 3.55%, but only 1 basis point on a sequential quarter basis.

The net interest margin for the full year of 2019 was up 10 basis points year-over-year to 3.62% due to the Federal reserve short-term rate increases during 2018, the higher-margin farmers capital acquired net earning assets, and higher purchase accounting accretion for the full year of '19 basis points versus 2018's 14 basis points.

Excluding such purchase accounting accretion, the core margin was 3.43% for all of 2019 as compared to 3.38% in the prior year. Purchase accounting accretion from the acquisitions benefited the fourth quarter net interest margin by approximately 22 basis points as compared to 23 basis points in the prior year period and 13 basis points in the third quarter. Furthermore, the accretion during the fourth quarter of 2019 included 4 basis points of accretion from acquired loan payoffs and approximately 6 basis points from the Old Line merger.

Excluding purchase accounting accretion, we reported a core net interest margin of 3.33%, down 16 basis points year-over-year and 10 basis points on a sequential quarter basis.

For the quarter ended December 31, 2019, noninterest income increased 16.1% from the prior year to $30.8 million driven by organic growth in the Old Line acquisition, which accounted for approximately 1/3 of such increase. Mortgage banking fees increased $1.4 million compared to last year's fourth quarter as noted previously, due to growth in residential mortgage origination dollar volume and the associated sale of approximately 1/2 of those originations into the secondary market.

Electronic banking fees decreased $2.3 million as compared to the fourth quarter of 2018, reflecting an approximate $2.8 million quarterly impact from the limitation on interchange fees for debit card processing that resulted from the Durbin amendment to the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, and that was partially offset by higher point-of-sale and ATM transactions. Other income increased 84.1% during the fourth quarter to $5.8 million due to higher commercial customer loan swap related income.

Net securities gains increased $1.8 million to $0.5 million from a loss in last year's fourth quarter, primarily from market adjustments for the company's director and key officer deferred compensation plan. The treatment of this adjustment was neutral to operating income as an offsetting $1.1 million was recorded as a credit within employee benefits expense.

Net securities gains for the year also includes a $2.6 million gain in the second quarter of 2019 for the sale of our Visa Class B share ownership position.

Excluding merger-related expenses, noninterest expense for the fourth quarter of 2019 increased $11.4 million or 16.4% to $81 million compared to the prior year period, primarily reflecting the Old Line acquisition, which accounted for approximately 42% of that increase. The 16% year-over-year increase is primarily due to higher salaries and wages, employee benefits and occupancy, equipment and other operating costs associated with the additional staffing and financial center locations from the Old Line acquisition.

In addition, salaries and wages reflect the annual midyear merit increases and higher incentive and stock compensation.

Employee benefits of $9.9 million increased $2.6 million quarter-over-quarter due to a similar $1.1 million reduction in deferred compensation plan obligations as noted in my prior comment about net securities gains as well as higher health care expenses of $3.7 million which is partially reflective of the 2018 acquisitions and their impact for the full year of 2019.

Lastly, as mentioned last quarter, we recognized FDIC insurance credits of approximately $0.7 million during the fourth quarter. The efficiency ratio was 58.3% for the quarter, reflecting the Durbin fee income cut and the inclusion of Old Lines expenses prior to any associated cost savings.

Credit quality ratios remained strong at year-end as we balanced disciplined loan origination in the current environment with prudent lending standards. As of December 31, 2019, both nonperforming loans and nonperforming assets as percentages of the portfolio and total assets at 0.49% and 0.35%, respectively, remained relatively low and consistent for the past several quarters. These percentages included approximately $3.8 million of nonperforming loans and $0.5 million of other real estate loans from Old Line.

On a positive note, the provision for credit losses for the fourth quarter benefited from approximately $1.1 million associated with the release of the specific reserves assigned to 3 previously acquired credit impaired loans that paid off during the quarter.

Additionally, total net charge-offs for the fourth quarter included specific reserves of $2.8 million taken in prior periods. For the year, net charge-offs as a percentage of average loans were a low 0.9% as compared to 0.6% in 2018.

WesBanco continues to maintain strong regulatory capital ratios as both consolidated and bank level regulatory capital ratios are well above the applicable well capitalized standards promulgated by bank regulators and Basel III capital standards. During the fourth quarter of 2019, our Tier 1 leverage and Tier 1 risk-based capital ratios decreased by approximately 108 basis points and 122 basis points, respectively, due to the movement of $136.5 million of trust preferred securities from Tier 1 to Tier 2 risk-based capital as required by the Dodd-Frank Act for financial institutions with total assets greater than $15 billion. Also, pro forma Tier 1 leverage capital would be just below 10%, if period-end assets were used in the calculation instead of averages as required.

On December 19, 2019, the Board of Directors authorized the adoption of a new stock repurchase plan for the purchase on the open market of up to an additional 1.7 million shares of WesBanco common stock, representing approximately 2.5% of outstanding shares, which is in addition to an existing plan approved in 2015.

During the fourth quarter of 2019, we repurchased roughly 255,000 shares of our outstanding common stock at a total cost of $9.5 million. And as of year-end, approximately 2.5 million shares remain for repurchase. We currently anticipate that we will continue to repurchase shares during 2020 as permitted by securities laws, subject to market conditions and other factors. The timing price and quantity of any such potential repurchases will be at WesBanco's discretion.

Well, I wouldn't be an accountant if I didn't bring you up to date on CECL. The current expected credit loss model became effective for WesBanco on January 1, 2020. As part of our implementation process, we previously disclosed a range of up to a 30% increase in the allowance for loan losses, excluding the impact from Old Line. Including our fourth quarter of 2019 acquisition of Old Line in the analysis and subject to purchase accounting adjustments, we now expect an increase of approximately 40% to 60% as of January 1st and the allowance for credit losses, including loan commitments, which represents about a 20 to 25 basis point decline in Tier 1 risk-based capital is applied on a pro forma basis as of December 31, 2019. The ultimate impact of adoption will depend on the finalization of purchase accounting and impaired loans for Old Line, which could impact the estimated initial adoption range.

Also, the impact on regulatory capital will be spread over 3 years as permitted by regulatory actions taken after CECL's initial adoption.

I would now like to provide some thoughts on our current outlook for 2020. As a slightly asset-sensitive bank, we are not immune from factors affecting industry margins, including a relatively flat spread between the 3-month and 10-year treasury yields and a continued overall lower long-term rate environment. While we continue to believe that our core deposit funding advantage, combined with our lower loan-to-deposit ratio, should help control overall deposit funding costs, I want to remind you that we did not experience a high deposit beta when rates were moving up during 2018. So our core deposit rates cannot be lowered as much in the current rate environment.

Our GAAP or stated net interest margin for 2020, as indicated by our asset liability model, may decrease by 2 to 3 basis points per quarter due to lower purchase accounting accretion from a starting point of 20 to 22 basis points during the first quarter of 2020, including the impact of Old Line's purchase account. We are currently anticipating 1 more federal reserve rate cut of 25 basis points in late June 2020, which if such occurs would cause the margin to decrease by an additional 2 to 4 basis points in the back half of the year, depending upon the shape and overall level of the yield curve at that time. Core margins should otherwise remain relatively flat, assuming we can offset any further loan yield reductions with deposit and other funding cost decreases.

We will continue to focus on expense trends to ensure positive operating leverage, while positioning the company for long-term growth. We expect to achieve the planned 31% Old Line cost savings during 2021, with approximately 75% realized by the end of 2020. We are planning for systems and branch signage conversions to occur by the end of the first quarter and anticipated cost savings should begin shortly thereafter.

Typical midyear merit increases will be effective across our entire organization. And in addition, we expect total marketing expenses to increase from 2019's level, reflecting additional marketing spend in our various markets and our approximate 25% larger company size. Furthermore, FDIC insurance expense will increase from the levels recorded during the second half of 2019, which reflected the $3.1 million assessment credit we received from the FDIC.

We also anticipate making additional revenue-generating hires as we enhance lending and wealth management teams and associated support staff in our new Mid-Atlantic market. There is typically a lag between when lending and wealth management personnel are hired and when they begin building a revenue-generating book of business. We do currently estimate the quarterly reduction during 2020 in electronic banking fee income from the limitation on interchange fees due to the Durbin amendment will be relatively consistent with the impact recorded during the fourth quarter of 2019, which will continue to have a slight negative influence on the efficiency ratio.

As a reminder, we will anniversary the impact from the Durbin amendment during the third quarter of 2020. We do not anticipate that our credit quality measures will increase significantly in 2020, although due to prior low levels, there may be some variability from quarter-to-quarter, but it should remain comparable or slightly better to our peer institutions.

Quarterly loan loss provisions after adoption of CECL will be highly dependent upon forecasted economic assumptions and other model factors, such as loan growth by category and term, net charge-offs and changes to criticized and classified loan levels.

Lastly, we anticipate our effective full year tax rate to be approximately 19% to 20%, subject to changes in certain taxable income strategies as we have now added in Maryland to our state income tax provision.

Todd, I'll turn it back to you.

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Todd F. Clossin, WesBanco, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [5]

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Thanks, Bob. Before I open the call to your questions, I want to provide a brief update on the changes in our internal loan classification methodology. As we discussed last quarter, as WesBanco has grown and transformed into a $16 billion institution spanning 6 states, we believe it was important on a go-forward basis to heavily weight quantitative measures in our loan risk rating process, in particular, debt service coverage.

Therefore, we initiated a project during 2019 to review and regrade all loans under this revised methodology. The shift in factory utilization -- that's what it was; it's not credit deterioration -- is what drove most of the changes in the loan risk ratings and associated criticized and classified loan levels that we experienced the last few quarters. We have now completed the majority of this regrading project, we've gone through all loans greater than $1 million and within criticized and classified as well as 2 grade levels above criticized, and this is reflected in our fourth quarter results.

For the quarter ending December 31, 2019, our criticized and classified loans to total loans ratio was 2.17%, which included approximately $31 million of criticized and classified loans from Old Line. That declined 7 basis points sequentially from the third quarter and is still favorable when compared to the average of all banks with total assets between $10 billion and $25 billion.

During the first quarter of 2020, we will apply the same revised methodology to the larger Old Line ones. And going forward, we'll be utilizing the new methodology during the normal course of business.

I'd like to personally welcome the customers and employees of Old Line into the WesBanco family. In addition to maintaining strong commitment to customer service and community banking, I'm excited about our opportunities in the Mid-Atlantic market as we work to build on Old Line's market presence and enhance customer relationships through new and expanded products and services.

I'm thrilled to have the Old Line employees as part of our new Mid-Atlantic market, and I look forward to the longer-term benefits of this merger. We celebrate our 150th anniversary this year as an emerging regional financial institution, ready to compete, not only in the Midwest, but also in the mid-South and the Mid-Atlantic markets. We have the markets, the employees, the products and the infrastructure to continue our evolution as a company.

Now ready to take your questions. Rocco, would you please review the instructions.

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Questions and Answers

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Operator [1]

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(Operator Instructions) Today's first question comes from Casey Whitman of Piper Sandler.

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Casey Cassiday Whitman, Piper Sandler & Co., Research Division - MD & Senior Research Analyst [2]

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First question, I just wanted to touch on the swap income you guys got this quarter. Was that higher volume just a function of demand this quarter? Or just something else at play? And then just what do you think about the sustainability of those fees?

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Todd F. Clossin, WesBanco, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [3]

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Yes, it's all driven by, obviously, the shape of the yield curve, and there's a lot of demand out there on the part of customers. So it is a little bit bumpy quarter-to-quarter based upon the size of loans and whether it's swapper, a variable rate or fixed rate or whatever the case might be. But we have been seeing some nice trends with that. And we're just introducing it into the Mid-Atlantic market now. It's actually -- I was out on some calls last week with some of their lenders and some of their borrowers are utilizing swaps, but that's not something that Old Line has offered in the past. So we think we've got some opportunity there as well. But it is going to move around a lot based upon the shape of the yield curve. Right now, it's in a pretty positive area.

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [4]

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There also was a positive fair value adjustment associated with the existing book of sweeps -- swaps. In addition to the higher fees for the quarter as compared to the prior quarter, Casey.

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Casey Cassiday Whitman, Piper Sandler & Co., Research Division - MD & Senior Research Analyst [5]

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How big was that, Bob? The fair value adjustment?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [6]

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It was $500,000. So -- and that was a negative adjustment in the third quarter due to the yield curve shape at that time.

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Casey Cassiday Whitman, Piper Sandler & Co., Research Division - MD & Senior Research Analyst [7]

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Got it. And then, Bob, maybe help us out a little bit with the expenses. So the growth this quarter was maybe a little more than I was thinking. And as you mentioned, you've got the FDIC expense, some marketing expenses, annual merit increases. I guess how should we think about a good range for the quarterly run rate for expenses, once we've got the majority of the Old Line cost saves realized. So as we look at like the back half of 2020? Or maybe if you don't want to give a range, just how should we think about maybe where the efficiency ratio kind of lands then?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [8]

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Well, we've given prior guidance on the efficiency ratio being above the historical rate because of Durbin. And I think with the margin being down last year, there's some adjustment to the efficiency ratio there as well. So I think that fourth quarter run rate for the efficiency ratio until we begin getting our cost savings is good for now as we start the new year. In terms of dollars, we spent some time analyzing both the third quarter run rate as well as the fourth quarter run rate. And as is my want, if I made some adjustments that you could either agree with or not. But we had -- I called out the deferred comp adjustment, which was different in the fourth quarter as compared to the third quarter. I think we're showing additional marketing expense in the fourth quarter. That's probably going to run rate higher as compared to the total 2018. And so the amount you see there in the fourth quarter is probably a fair run rate, maybe a little bit less for 2020, as we did advance some customer surveys and market research work in the fourth quarter. So that's item 2.

And then additional incentive comp, we adjust in the fourth quarter, as we're going to provide an adjustment for our non-officer employees this quarter. And so when you add all those items up, and then you do a difference calculation on the FDIC, we come up with somewhere around $74 million in the fourth quarter for our own expenses. And Old Line has been relatively consistent at around $14 million, $14.5 million for the last 2 to 3 quarters. And so that basically puts you at $88 million to $88.5 million. And then you grow it from there in the new year with higher accruals and payroll taxes in the first quarter, adjust for the day count, and a couple of other minor savings. And so you kind of start the year just under [90]. You get some cost savings beginning in the second quarter. And as we have typically said in the past, and as I guided in the script, the second quarter is when we start our annual officer increases with the nonexempts then following the third quarter. So there's that run rate difference as we proceed through the year. And so you're starting the year at around 89% to 90%, and consistent with that in the second quarter, adjusted for the day count. And then the third and the fourth quarters are slightly higher because of those aforementioned merit increases for the teams. I don't know if that's helpful or not.

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Casey Cassiday Whitman, Piper Sandler & Co., Research Division - MD & Senior Research Analyst [9]

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No, it is. Sorry, in the second quarter, that you should see a slight decline, though, from the cost saves coming in from the $89 million or so in the first quarter, correct?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [10]

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That's right. You should see a slight decline in the second quarter as compared to the first quarter run rate, but you do have an extra day in the second quarter as compared to the first, even with leap year in the first. So -- and I mentioned the salary increases start basically the middle of May for the officers. So there's half the quarter.

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Operator [11]

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And the next question today comes from Brody Preston of Stephens Inc.

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Broderick Dyer Preston, Stephens Inc., Research Division - VP & Analyst [12]

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Bob, I just want to follow up on the expenses real quick. I guess just taking all your comments that you just provided Casey, it sounds like all in, we should expect expenses to sort of bounce around between $88 million to $90 million per quarter through 2020. Is that fair?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [13]

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A little bit higher in the back half of the year. But I do have 75% of cost savings in by the end of the year. So that number has to get there. That number has been decreased by a total of about $13 million of cost savings related to Old Line, and then the rest of it would be in 2021.

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Broderick Dyer Preston, Stephens Inc., Research Division - VP & Analyst [14]

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Okay. So I guess as I think about the run rate heading into 2021. Is it -- I guess, is it above or below $88 million per quarter?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [15]

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For '21?

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Broderick Dyer Preston, Stephens Inc., Research Division - VP & Analyst [16]

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Yes, heading into '21.

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [17]

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So I haven't -- I don't have that in front of me, but I have in the second half this year between $91 million and $92 million after typical midyear salary increases and stock compensation awards. And disguised at a higher marketing for the 2021 year, and you've got to put in a normal run rate on FDIC insurance for the year as well. I think I'm just reemphasizing those 2 factors as being different from 2019. I guess I'm telling you that for '20, that would run rate for '21.

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Broderick Dyer Preston, Stephens Inc., Research Division - VP & Analyst [18]

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Right. Okay. I guess just real quick on the loan book. Could you remind us what percent of the loan portfolio is tied to 1 month LIBOR and what percentage is tied to prime?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [19]

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The loan book is -- this is our loan book. I don't have Old Line's yet. I can tell you, Old Line's is primarily fixed rate. And so it will reduce our asset sensitivity. We just don't have the books combined yet on an instrument-by-instrument level. So I -- bear with me, but 30% of our portfolio -- commercial portfolio is fixed and 70% is variable. And of the variable, 48% reprices less than 3 months. And so that's a proxy for both prime and LIBOR adjustment. Okay? I can give you the whole book. But I think you're primarily interested in the commercial.

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Broderick Dyer Preston, Stephens Inc., Research Division - VP & Analyst [20]

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Yes, that's right. I guess, as I look at the loan yield this quarter, [$4.75] and think about the run rate moving forward, just wanted to get a sense for what new origination yields were across the footprint.

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [21]

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So we have loans over the course of the year, loans paid off at a $4.97 rate, new loans came on at $4.33. So that gives you some idea where we ended up the year.

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Broderick Dyer Preston, Stephens Inc., Research Division - VP & Analyst [22]

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And then just thinking about the CD book, CD costs are down a little bit more than what I would have expected, just given the higher cost nature of the Old Line portfolio. I just wanted to get a sense for what drove that and what current offerings are in legacy markets and in the newly acquired Old Line markets.

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Todd F. Clossin, WesBanco, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [23]

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Yes, I'll start, and Bob can add to that as well. But part of what we're doing is kind of managing the loan-to-deposit ratio with the deposit flow, right? So we're about 93% -- 93.3% at the end of the year on the deposit ratio. So we still got a little bit of room to grow into the year or 2 of a pretty robust loan growth, which hopefully we're going to get out of our legacy footprint and our acquisitions here in the next couple of years in our low to mid-single-digit loan growth. If we did that, and didn't significantly grow deposits that start pushing on the mid- to upper mid loan-to-deposit ratio -- what we're seeing so far is in the Old Line book, we want to make sure that we're taking care of some of the strategic customers that they've got as well, too. But overall, we're not offering kind of deposit rates that were being offered prior to the acquisition on CDs. So that is starting to have an impact. I don't know what that's going to do volume-wise, but it will start having an impact on the margins to some degree, as Bob has talked about previously.

So we're going to watch it on a monthly basis. And 1 of the nice things we have with our legacy footprint because it's so deposit rich and we haven't had to do a whole lot to try to generate deposits there. As I go a couple of years out and need to raise deposits, we can do so in our legacy footprint, I think, fairly easily without having to go to high cost markets to raise deposits because we've got still some relatively low-cost deposit markets that we can use to raise deposits to continue to fund the bank long term. So we are reducing CD rates in the Mid-Atlantic market across the board, but being selective with regard to some key customers.

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Broderick Dyer Preston, Stephens Inc., Research Division - VP & Analyst [24]

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Okay. And then as I think about CD growth moving forward, sort of taking your comments about being cognizant of the loan-to-deposit ratio and thinking about the runoff of some of those higher cost mid-Atlantic CDs. How do you sort of -- what's the outlook for CD growth as we head forward into 2020? Is it flattish? Or do you expect to see some low single-digit growth in that portfolio?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [25]

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Yes, and that's a great question. We've been able to hold off trying to, I guess, let's say, stabilize or grow the CD book because we haven't had to. There will be a date and time where we'll probably need to do that, although we just continue to focus on growing demand deposits and still 50% of our book post-merger is demand deposits. We realize that at some point, we may need to raise some CD rates in order to fund our loan growth. One of the interesting things about doing that is it's -- when you go into some of our legacy footprint, and you go out there with a higher CD rate, you're going to price a lot of your existing book and your existing deposits that aren't at CDs.

So it's not a matter of raising deposit rates a little bit on the CD side, and it costs you more on the interest rates or the interest expense, it will cost you more than just the amount of the increase in the CD rate because, again, you're going to cannibalize some existing deposits that are going to start rolling into that. So that's why we've kind of resisted it and used Federal Loan Bank a little bit more, even though some of the CD rates might be a little bit lower at times than you'd be able to get from the Federal Home Loan Bank. Federal Home Loan Bank, you don't have to reprice a big chunk of your book by changing your interest rates. You're going to change your interest rates on deposits. Again, you risk cannibalizing your existing book.

So we're going to kind of balance that based upon loan deposit ratio. And I would say once we get to mid-to upper 90s on the loan-to-deposit ratio, then I think we're going to start getting more aggressive on the CD side, and we'll pick the markets we want to do that in. The markets where I think we can generate a lot of deposit growth without maybe having a significant market share in that market. That way, then we can attract deposits in, but not reprice the book in that market.

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Broderick Dyer Preston, Stephens Inc., Research Division - VP & Analyst [26]

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Okay. And then 1 last question for me. It's a bit of a 2-parter, but the day 1 CECL update, Bob. I just wanted to ask, is it fair to say that the delta between the 3Q guidance and the 4Q guidance is due primarily to include an Old Line in the analysis?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [27]

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Yes, that's exactly what it is. I've done some analysis on there. And what you have to keep in mind is that they're coming on with a 0 reserve. So because in purchase accounting, we're eliminating their basically $8 million to $9 million existing allowance. So you're starting from scratch, if you will. And the bulk of their loans are the good book loans. So there's a doubling up impact there between the credit mark of about 1% and the initial allowance. So there's about a $17 million addition to our guidance and at the end of the third quarter, the increase for WesBanco alone is about a little bit less than $10 million. And the increase for Old Line is about $17 million. Yet, when I'm done with that, reflecting the quality of the Old Line portfolio, they're coming on at basically 71 basis points, while our number would be 81 basis points. So the delta is just because of Old Line and because you're starting from 0 there as opposed to having an existing $52 million reserve at legacy WesBanco. So is that ...?

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Broderick Dyer Preston, Stephens Inc., Research Division - VP & Analyst [28]

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Yes, that's helpful. As I think about the entirety -- the entire company, though, it sounds like $7 million is a bit of a true-up from a credit market perspective and shifting it to the reserve bucket. But just with the other acquisitions, just wanted to get a sense for what the total dollar amount was in that increase in the reserve that was coming from credit marks versus an originated perspective?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [29]

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While the bulk of the increase in WesBanco only, which is, as I said, between $8 million and $10 million is all due to prior acquisitions where you don't have -- there's only about $4 million of that $52 million related to prior reserves or prior acquisitions, and those are just reserves that have been booked after the acquisition on those loans. So you're adding between $8 million and $10 million. It's actually a reduction in legacy WesBanco, I don't have that memorized, and an increase in the 5 or so prior acquisitions in the last few years that we've done prior to Old Line and you could probably think about that. The total amount, again, for WesBanco is $8 million to $10 million. All of that is related to prior deals, but because it's a negative amount for legacy WesBanco, and a slightly higher amount for the acquisitions, it's probably more like of that, let's call it, $10 million, be more like $15 million for the prior acquisitions and minus $5 million for legacy WesBanco. That's probably throwing around too many numbers, but the thought is similar to Old Line in that what you're adding for CECL is related to the good book of the acquired acquisitions that basically don't have any significant reserves that have been built up since their acquisition date.

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Operator [30]

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And today's next question comes from Catherine Mealor of KBW.

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Catherine Fitzhugh Summerson Mealor, Keefe, Bruyette, & Woods, Inc., Research Division - MD and SVP [31]

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All right. I don't mean to beat a dead horse, but I just wanted to circle back to the expense guidance to make sure I'm thinking about this right. So we're coming into this quarter, excluding Old Line at about a $74 million expense base. And then Old Line adds about 14.5% pre cost savings. And so then, if we assume -- and remind me, Old Line had about 30% cost savings. Am I right?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [32]

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Right. That's what we said. Yes.

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Catherine Fitzhugh Summerson Mealor, Keefe, Bruyette, & Woods, Inc., Research Division - MD and SVP [33]

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So then if I do 30% of that $14.5 million and then only realize 75% of that, maybe let's just say by the end of this year. Then on adding about $11.2 million to that $74 million base, which gets me to about $85 million. So why would we not be ending the year at about an $85 million quarterly expense run rate versus the $88 million to $90 million that you mentioned?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [34]

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Well, absent any core efficiencies on the WesBanco side, which we'll have, what I was guiding to was the earlier changes. You have in the $74 million run rate, you'll have higher FDIC insurance next year. Then the run rate in the third and fourth quarters, excluding the credits, all right? Just based upon the higher side of the organization and risk factor changes in the calculation, and you'll have the midyear salary increases that, typically for us are in the 3% to 3.5% range, plus stock compensation. Those are the major changes that would increase the core growth rate higher as we proceed through the year, Catherine. And there's about -- as I said, about $13 million of cost savings factored into my model to get to that run rate on a quarterly basis.

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Catherine Fitzhugh Summerson Mealor, Keefe, Bruyette, & Woods, Inc., Research Division - MD and SVP [35]

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Okay. So the $85 million is too low, it would really need to keep -- you're saying if we need to keep operating expenses in the high $80s, then for the full year, we've got expenses in like the $350 million range, which would -- is about $10 million to $12 million higher than where consensus is right now. Does that feel right?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [36]

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It does to me. I'm not saying consensus is right or wrong. I'm just saying, this is what our build is.

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Catherine Fitzhugh Summerson Mealor, Keefe, Bruyette, & Woods, Inc., Research Division - MD and SVP [37]

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Okay. All right. So then what was -- so you started '19 at an expense range of kind of more in the 71%, 72% range. Because from a core basis, what's been driving maybe the underlying growth higher than perhaps we expected. Has there been more hires than you was appreciated? Or regulatory kind of costs?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [38]

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Certainly, as you go over $10 billion, there are higher regulatory costs. We've been building risk management, BSA, AML and other compliance-related teams of individuals to meet regulatory expectations. But as I hinted as well in my script, related to the Mid-Atlantic market, we would have done this in Kentucky in 2019, adding revenue producers that take a while to produce bottom line net income. And so that would be the wealth management staff that we've hired and some additional commercial lenders.

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Catherine Fitzhugh Summerson Mealor, Keefe, Bruyette, & Woods, Inc., Research Division - MD and SVP [39]

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Okay. Okay, that's helpful. And then maybe circling back on the margin. I think as we were thinking about Old Line coming on, on a core basis. So let's just strip out accretable yield. But as we bring on Old Line, I think we had thought about Old Line being NIM enhancing, just given they're less asset-sensitive and the ability to even break down some of their deposit costs. So has anything changed since then? Or do you still believe that there is upside to the core margin as you kind of put these 2 balance sheets together and realize some of those enhancements?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [40]

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So there was actually a basis point or 2 of core margin expansion in the month of December, which, with the model as well, showing that the first quarter starts us off a couple of bps higher. And then drifts from there, Catherine. So the -- first of all, that while the loan accretion will come down slowly over a 3 to 4-year time frame, the CD accretion comes down very fast. In fact, there will be a significant portion of that recognized in the first half of the year, and more than 50% of the total accretion recognized by the end of the year. So that purchase accounting number, which starts the year at 22 basis points, is expected to end the year at 14 basis points. We're also experiencing lower accretion from the prior acquisitions, they're down on core a couple of basis points here to start the new year. Core -- I'm sorry, they're down relative to purchase accounting, I shouldn't confuse word core with that. But they're down a couple of basis points, the prior acquisitions are.

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Catherine Fitzhugh Summerson Mealor, Keefe, Bruyette, & Woods, Inc., Research Division - MD and SVP [41]

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Okay. But just all else equal, you think a more stable core margin in the low [330s] is appropriate?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [42]

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Yes. Without a back, if you -- we have 1 cut in, in midyear. So that produces a reduction in our model. But if you don't believe -- I mean KBW has 1 cut as well. But if you don't think that, then a stable core margin is what I said in my comments and reaffirm. And that's the [330].

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Operator [43]

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Our next question today comes from Steve Moss at B. Riley FBR.

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Stephen M. Moss, B. Riley FBR, Inc., Research Division - Analyst [44]

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Just one thing on the margin here, in particular, just on the Federal Home Loan Bank borrowing costs. They seemed a little bit high for the quarter to me. And I'm just wondering when does that reprice lower?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [45]

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Well, our -- our $1.4 billion in FHLB advances, 2/3 of that reprices in 2020. There still are some 220s, 240s in there of 1 year or less as well as some 18-month and 2-year CDs that will reprice this year. That's factored into our model currently. And so that -- let me just take a look here. The Federal Home Loan Bank should come down next year as we proceed through the year, starting the year in the low 220s and ending up the year just under 2%. Is that -- I'm not sure if you're looking at the total interest expense, which is influenced by volume in addition to rate? Or you just requested?

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Stephen M. Moss, B. Riley FBR, Inc., Research Division - Analyst [46]

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No, just the average balance sheet with the 243 rate caught my eye, so that's where I was going. So that was helpful, Bob. And then in terms of the buyback here. Tangible capital around, call it, 10%. Just wondering any updated thoughts on targeted capital, your appetite for the buyback here? I mean, obviously, I hear subject to market conditions, but kind of curious for a little more color?

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Todd F. Clossin, WesBanco, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [47]

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Yes. Historically, we've kind of used our capital for acquisitions, dividends and buybacks. Obviously, with Old Line and some of the prior acquisitions, we want to simulate those. 2020 is all about Old Lines. So when you look at kind of the acquisition piece of that being a couple of years out, that really heightens the other uses of capital because we are building capital fairly quickly. So that -- at least the buybacks and the dividend. So with 2.5 million shares left remaining and, I guess, our total in terms of authorizations, we're going to be continuing to utilize that opportunistically as we feel needed. But it's not something we've done a lot here over the last few years. But given the capital position and the fact that we're on the sidelines from an M&A perspective for a little bit, we think that's an appropriate use, which is why we got the authorization increased.

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Stephen M. Moss, B. Riley FBR, Inc., Research Division - Analyst [48]

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So in terms of just thinking about that casual common equity ratio, do you think it's more likely to head towards 9%, 9.5% or keep it steady around 10% as we think about throughout the year here?

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Todd F. Clossin, WesBanco, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [49]

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Yes, I would tend to say, I said a couple of years ago, I was happy in kind of the mid-8s. But I would tell you that in 9% to 10% in that range because we are continuing to build it. But offsetting that will be the buybacks. So yes, we'll, obviously, in 9% to 10%.

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Stephen M. Moss, B. Riley FBR, Inc., Research Division - Analyst [50]

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Okay, that's helpful. And then just on the -- I mean, credit was good. But in terms of the charge-offs for specifically reserve loans. Just wondering what types of loans were charged off? And any color you can give there?

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [51]

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Well, they're all from prior acquisitions. One is in the nursing home business. And they're basically commercial real estate, not C&I.

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Todd F. Clossin, WesBanco, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [52]

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And there were 3 during the quarter. And again, it's interesting because you've got our own questions, kind of working through when you see questions around an increase in charge-offs, 20 basis points. We've been a lot lower than that. But the key important thing to remember here is that these were already -- had specific reserves, right? So the charge-off amount was already identified and reserved for.

So that's why you had a bit of the release, but the charge-off number being like -- these weren't surprises. The dollar amount wasn't surprising. I kind of don't like the fact that accounting treats them as charge-offs because from my perspective, it's kind of a -- that gives you a misleading look at it, but it's just the way the accounting has to work and the way the accounting has to show. But there were specific reserves allocated to these that were then just covered the charge-off amount. We don't expect that to be any kind of repeatable on a regular basis. I think what you've seen with us overall, I think, was -- I think we had 9 basis points of charge-offs in the last year against maybe 6 the year before. And I think our trends will continue to be -- should be well below the industry based on what we see right now, but it was a little bit of a noisy quarter because of those 3 that paid off.

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [53]

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And so $0.8 million of the plus $4 million net charge-off numbers related to those 3 credits, Steve, as we said in the script.

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Operator [54]

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And our next question today comes from Russell Gunther at D.A. Davidson.

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Russell Elliott Teasdale Gunther, D.A. Davidson & Co., Research Division - VP & Senior Research Analyst [55]

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A couple of quick follow-ups here. The first, you -- So I'd start by saying I appreciate all the color on the expense glide path. You also commented, you guys continuously strive for positive operating leverage. So tying all of that together, is that something that you anticipate being able to achieve for 2020, that core efficiency ratio ended the year lower than the 2019 results?

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Todd F. Clossin, WesBanco, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [56]

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I would say 1 of the things that we continue to do is continue to optimize our branch network as well, too. I mean we've closed 15 branches in the last 3 years since January 2017, roughly 7% or so of our franchise. We're looking real hard at that. In terms of our branch infrastructure, obviously, having 237 branches on a $15 billion bank is a lot of branches. But we benefit from a lot of rural areas, where we've got branch deposits and things like that. So we're evaluating that. We're looking at all of that. But I very strongly want us to do everything we can to maintain a positive operating leverage, not just because we're doing M&A. I mean M&A like by its very nature is going to generate positive operating leverage. But outside of that, from an organic perspective, it's something that we really look hard at. So we're looking hard at the expense side of the -- either the branch optimization piece of it. And then also, the key is, I think, particularly with Old Line is to not add any bumps on the revenue production side as we finish the conversion and move forward with them.

And so far, that looks really good, and we're getting a nice, nice lift from some of our prior acquisitions is now as well, too. It takes a year or 2 to kind of assimilate them through before you start seeing growth. I don't think that will happen with Old Line, but that had been the case with our prior acquisitions, but I'm still very much believe in positive operating leverage and on a long-term basis. We think that's very important to us and having an efficiency ratio that's something we can be -- we can be proud of, even though it's impacted a little bit by Durbin right now. And the margin had a big impact on everybody's efficiency ratio last year. So it kind of -- everybody had the level set to a new level.

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Russell Elliott Teasdale Gunther, D.A. Davidson & Co., Research Division - VP & Senior Research Analyst [57]

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Got it. Okay. Appreciate it. And you kind of touched on my final comment, which -- or question, circling back to the loan growth expectations you guys laid out, I'm just wondering if we could parse it a little bit in terms of sort of growth expectations within the newer Mid-Atlantic footprint? And what that would then imply for some of the legacy markets and growth rates there?

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Todd F. Clossin, WesBanco, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [58]

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Yes. I mean when I look at the loan growth overall, we had from obviously 1% organic loan growth. But that's with those heavy payoffs, right? If things go into the secondary market. And over $200 million in the fourth quarter. So if you were to just use more of a normalized rate for that, you'd be looking at around a 3%, low to mid-single-digit growth rate. But those large commercial real estate payoffs, we think that, that trend is going to continue, at least for the first half of this year. But when I look at the momentum that I feel we've got at Old Line and just our production overall, I think, is very good. We did $1.6 billion in production last year, which is a 40% increase over and above the year before. So from a production standpoint, I don't see it being a big issue at all. And from a C&I perspective, we're up 5.9% year-over-year on an annualized growth rate.

So we're getting that mid-single-digit growth rate in C&I, it's just the things that are going to the secondary market, that's a big headwind for everybody. So when I look at Old Line's portfolio, obviously, it's heavily real estate oriented. So they're going to have things going to the secondary market. They are going to continue to have those headwinds as well. But we've got a lot of growth opportunities. I think what really matters is when does the slowdown in things going to the secondary market occur. When do the rate scenario gets to the point or when's the marketplace get to the point where everything that's going to go to the secondary market or the majority of it has actually gone to the secondary market? So you don't see that big headwind that everybody continues to face. Right now, I would tell you, with a total of $600 million or so last year that went to the secondary market to outgrow that. And to show mid-single-digit loan growth with that kind of volume going to the secondary market, I personally think that's unsafe.

And I think that banks that are showing that kind of loan growth with that kind of money going to the secondary markets, you really got to ask, what are they doing? Because you think that's a real headwind that we don't want to change our underwriting standards. Just because more loans are going to the secondary market, it's the worse thing we could do. So we were keeping disciplined with regard to underwriting, making sure what we're doing is smart. And at some point, those headwinds will abate. And we'll start to show, I think, commercial real estate growth in line with the mid-single digits that we're currently seeing in the C&I area.

So I guess, long-winded answer to your question, but again, I was out in the Mid-Atlantic markets last week, and I feel really good about the momentum there, the pipeline there and the lenders and the customers I met with, you get a couple loan requests just on the calls last week. We're seeing some nice growth in Kentucky, where a couple of our acquisitions were a few years ago. It's 1 of our top growth markets right now. So I feel good about this stuff, but it's still the headwinds abate that's going to be the challenge.

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Robert H. Young, WesBanco, Inc. - Executive VP & CFO [59]

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And the pipelines for both commercial and resi are up over 50% from where they were at the end of 2018. So that's helpful as well.

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Operator [60]

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And this concludes our question-and-answer session. I'd like to turn the conference back over to Todd Clossin for any closing remarks.

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Todd F. Clossin, WesBanco, Inc. - President, CEO & Director [61]

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Great. Well, I appreciate the time everyone has today. And it was an easy quarter, the acquisition, we got a lot of stuff going on and with CECL and everything else, but hoping to get a chance to see a number of you at some upcoming visits. We got a pretty packed schedule here the next few months in terms of being on the road doing investor visits. I want to thank you for joining us today. And again, look forward to seeing you in the future. Thanks, everyone.

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Operator [62]

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Thank you. Today's conference has now concluded. We thank you all for attending today's presentation. You may now disconnect your lines.