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REFILE-EMERGING MARKETS-Stocks stage tentative comeback, currencies gain ahead of Fed

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(Corrects typographical error in first paragraph)

* HK shares erase session losses to trade 0.6% higher

* Evergrande down 3%, Sinic plunges 87% after S&P downgrade

* MSCI EM stocks index flat as HK tech down

* EM FX firms; S.African rand snaps 5-day losing streak

By Susan Mathew

Sept 21 (Reuters) - Emerging market stocks edged up on Tuesday after a painful start to the week on fears that cash-strapped Chinese developer Evergrande's debt crisis would affect the broader economy.

Hong Kong's main index erased session losses to trade 0.6% higher, while most other Asian bourses along with Turkey , Russia, South Africa and Poland notched modest gains.

But fears of a meltdown at China Evergrande, which has $305 billion in debt, kept appetite for riskier assets in check. Heavyweight Hong Kong technology stocks fell, keeping an index of EM equities flat.

While markets contemplate the scale of impact for the rest of China's property sector and growth as a whole, a complicating factor is the opaque nature of the country's policymaking, said Jim Barrineau, head of EM debt strategy at Schroder Investment Management.

Shares of another Chinese developer, Sinic Holdings , plummeted 87% on Tuesday after ratings agency S&P downgraded it, citing failure to communicate a clear plan to repay its $246 million bonds due next month.

"Implications are... more impactful for the Asia-heavy EM equity complex rather than EM debt, aside from China property debt and potentially the Chinese currency, which could weaken from here," he said, adding that effects on other high yield dollar debt will likely be temporary.

With mainland markets closed for a holiday, the offshore Chinese yuan traded marginally higher after three days of losses. The onshore yuan is up almost 1% for the year versus a 0.4% rise in the broader EM currencies index .

With the U.S. Federal Reserve's policy decision just a day away, investors awaited clues on a stimulus tapering timeline. The market may be anticipating and fearing an announcement for tapering to commence in November, Barrineau said.

"If the Fed does make that announcement, we would expect Chair (Jerome) Powell to take pains to separate tapering from any potential rate hike in order to avoid exacerbating market tensions."

This will be followed by central bank decisions in Turkey and South Africa. Both banks are expected to hold rates, according Reuters polls. Turkey's central bank chief recently struck a dovish tone despite surging inflation, as political pressure to cut rates rises.

As the dollar weakened, the Turkish lira lifted off July lows, while the South African rand snapped a five-day losing streak which saw it lose more than 4%.

In Lebanon, the February 2025 dollar-bond fell while most others were steady after the country's new government won a vote of confidence on Monday.

For GRAPHIC on emerging market FX performance in 2021, see http://tmsnrt.rs/2egbfVh For GRAPHIC on MSCI emerging index performance in 2021, see https://tmsnrt.rs/2OusNdX

For TOP NEWS across emerging markets

For CENTRAL EUROPE market report, see

For TURKISH market report, see

For RUSSIAN market report, see

(Reporting by Susan Mathew in Bengaluru; Editing by Devika Syamnath)