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# Is ENAV S.p.A. (BIT:ENAV) Investing Effectively In Its Business?

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Today weâ€™ll look at ENAV S.p.A. (BIT:ENAV) and reflect on its potential as an investment. Specifically, weâ€™ll consider its Return On Capital Employed (ROCE), since that will give us an insight into how efficiently the business can generate profits from the capital it requires.

First up, weâ€™ll look at what ROCE is and how we calculate it. Then weâ€™ll compare its ROCE to similar companies. Finally, weâ€™ll look at how its current liabilities affect its ROCE.

### Return On Capital Employed (ROCE): What is it?

ROCE is a measure of a companyâ€™s yearly pre-tax profit (its return), relative to the capital employed in the business. Generally speaking a higher ROCE is better. Ultimately, it is a useful but imperfect metric. Author Edwin Whiting says to be careful when comparing the ROCE of different businesses, since â€˜No two businesses are exactly alike.â€™

### So, How Do We Calculate ROCE?

Analysts use this formula to calculate return on capital employed:

Return on Capital Employed = Earnings Before Interest and Tax (EBIT) Ã· (Total Assets â€“ Current Liabilities)

Or for ENAV:

0.087 = â‚¬136m Ã· (â‚¬1.9b â€“ â‚¬294m) (Based on the trailing twelve months to September 2018.)

Therefore, ENAV has an ROCE of 8.7%.

### Is ENAVâ€™s ROCE Good?

One way to assess ROCE is to compare similar companies. Using our data, ENAVâ€™s ROCE appears to be around the 9.7% average of the Infrastructure industry. Setting aside the industry comparison for now, ENAVâ€™s ROCE is mediocre in absolute terms, considering the risk of investing in stocks versus the safety of a bank account. It is possible that there are more rewarding investments out there.

It is important to remember that ROCE shows past performance, and is not necessarily predictive. ROCE can be deceptive for cyclical businesses, as returns can look incredible in boom times, and terribly low in downturns. This is because ROCE only looks at one year, instead of considering returns across a whole cycle. Since the future is so important for investors, you should check out our free report on analyst forecasts for ENAV.

### Do ENAVâ€™s Current Liabilities Skew Its ROCE?

Current liabilities are short term bills and invoices that need to be paid in 12 months or less. The ROCE equation subtracts current liabilities from capital employed, so a company with a lot of current liabilities appears to have less capital employed, and a higher ROCE than otherwise. To check the impact of this, we calculate if a company has high current liabilities relative to its total assets.

ENAV has total liabilities of â‚¬294m and total assets of â‚¬1.9b. As a result, its current liabilities are equal to approximately 15% of its total assets. This is a modest level of current liabilities, which would only have a small effect on ROCE.

### The Bottom Line On ENAVâ€™s ROCE

That said, ENAVâ€™s ROCE is mediocre, there may be more attractive investments around. But note: ENAV may not be the best stock to buy. So take a peek at this free list of interesting companies with strong recent earnings growth (and a P/E ratio below 20).

I will like ENAV better if I see some big insider buys. While we wait, check out this free list of growing companies with considerable, recent, insider buying.

To help readers see past the short term volatility of the financial market, we aim to bring you a long-term focused research analysis purely driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis does not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements.

The author is an independent contributor and at the time of publication had no position in the stocks mentioned. For errors that warrant correction please contact the editor at editorial-team@simplywallst.com.