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Enphase Energy Reports Financial Results for the Third Quarter of 2020

Enphase Energy, Inc.
·21 min read

FREMONT, Calif., Oct. 27, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Enphase Energy, Inc. (NASDAQ: ENPH), a global energy management technology company and the world’s leading supplier of microinverter-based solar-plus-storage systems, announced today financial results for the third quarter of 2020, which included the summary below from its President and CEO, Badri Kothandaraman.

We reported revenue of $178.5 million in the third quarter of 2020, along with a record 41.0% for non-GAAP gross margin. We shipped approximately 478 megawatts DC, or 1,442,743 microinverters.

The financial highlights for the third quarter of 2020 are listed below. The GAAP numbers include an approximate $23 million refund on tariffs which were previously paid on microinverters imported to the U.S. from China. The non-GAAP numbers do not include the tariff refund:

  • Revenue of $178.5 million

  • Cash flow from operations of $67.5 million; ending cash balance of $661.8 million

  • GAAP gross margin of 53.2%; record non-GAAP gross margin of 41.0%

  • GAAP operating income of $51.8 million; non-GAAP operating income of $43.7 million

  • GAAP net income of $39.4 million; non-GAAP net income of $41.8 million

  • GAAP diluted earnings per share of $0.28; non-GAAP diluted earnings per share of $0.30

Our revenue and earnings for the third quarter of 2020 are provided below, compared with those of the prior quarter and the year ago quarter:

(In thousands, except per share data and percentages)

GAAP

Non-GAAP

Q3 2020

Q2 2020

Q3 2019*

Q3 2020

Q2 2020

Q3 2019*

Revenue

$

178,503

$

125,538

$

180,057

$

178,503

$

125,538

$

180,057

Gross margin

53.2

%

38.5

%

35.9

%

41.0

%

39.6

%

36.2

%

Operating expenses

$

43,222

$

37,533

$

31,000

$

29,571

$

26,024

$

25,037

Operating income

$

51,759

$

10,854

$

33,706

$

43,675

$

23,700

$

40,166

Net income (loss)

$

39,362

$

(47,294

)

$

31,099

$

41,760

$

23,549

$

39,466

Basic EPS

$

0.31

$

(0.38

)

$

0.25

$

0.33

$

0.19

$

0.32

Diluted EPS

$

0.28

$

(0.38

)

$

0.23

$

0.30

$

0.17

$

0.30

* Revenue for the third quarter of 2019 of $180.1 million included approximately $8.0 million of safe harbor revenue.

Our non-GAAP gross margin increased to 41.0% from 39.6% in the second quarter of 2020, driven by disciplined pricing and cost management. Non-GAAP operating expenses increased to $29.6 million in the third quarter of 2020, compared to $26.0 million in the prior quarter, primarily due to an increase in our engineering and sales headcount to support innovation and growth. Non-GAAP operating income was $43.7 million, compared to $23.7 million in the prior quarter.

We exited the third quarter with $661.8 million in cash and generated $67.5 million in cash flow from operations. Inventory was $37.5 million at the end of the third quarter of 2020, compared to $31.2 million at the end of the second quarter of 2020. The sequential increase in inventory was driven by the purchase of battery cell packs to support the increased shipments of Encharge™ storage systems in the fourth quarter of 2020, along with the expected increase in microinverter shipments.

We started production shipments of our Encharge storage systems to customers in North America in July and ramped volume throughout the third quarter of 2020. The feedback from both installers and homeowners has been positive. Installers like the system’s modularity and having a single provider of a rooftop power electronics and battery storage systems, while homeowners value the product’s differentiated functionality, industrial design, reliability, safety, and ability to get on and off-grid from a smartphone app. The Encharge storage system features Enphase Power Start™ technology, allowing homeowners to start motor-driven appliances, such as air conditioners and pumps, in off-grid mode with optimal system size. In addition, the Enlighten™ energy management software platform gives homeowners the power of insight into the performance of their solar and storage systems. We are excited about the ability to offer our customers peace of mind with our energy independent solution.

Demand for our core microinverter products rebounded strongly in the third quarter of 2020. We experienced record sell-through from distribution to installers, resulting in channel inventory slightly below the low end of our typical target range. Sales to distributors improved significantly and was broad-based geographically. We were also pleased to report our first quarter of significant revenue from the sale of Encharge storage systems.

BUSINESS HIGHLIGHTS

On Aug. 17, 2020, Enphase Energy announced a strategic partnership with Sonnenstromfabrik (CS Wismar GmbH), one of Europe’s most modern, high-quality manufacturers of solar modules, to develop the first high-efficiency Enphase Energized™ AC module (ACM) utilizing the Enphase IQ 7+™ microinverters for the European residential solar markets.

On Aug. 26, 2020 Enphase Energy announced that Solargain, one of Australia's largest and most experienced solar energy providers, selected Enphase microinverters as the premium inverter solution for its turnkey retail solar offerings in Australia. Solargain was selected by IKEA as its Australian partner to support IKEA's in-store and online solar offering and Australian consumers purchasing a Solargain-IKEA solar system can select Enphase IQ 7+ microinverters.

On Aug. 31, 2020, Enphase Energy announced that Enphase IQ 7A™ microinverters for high-power monofacial and bifacial solar modules are shipping to customers in Australia and Europe. IQ 7A microinverters, support up to 450W high-power modules, targeting residential and commercial solar applications.

On Sept. 21, 2020, Enphase Energy announced it entered into partnerships with three solar distribution companies in Belgium and the Netherlands–Carbomat Group, Libra Energy and Solarclarity, further strengthening Enphase’s presence in the European solar market.

On Oct. 20, 2020, Enphase Energy announced that SunCool Energy has started offering the Enphase Encharge storage system to customers in South Florida. Encharge storage systems feature Enphase Ensemble™ energy management technology, which powers the world’s first fully integrated, grid-agnostic microinverter-based solar-plus-storage system.

FOURTH QUARTER 2020 FINANCIAL OUTLOOK

For the fourth quarter of 2020, Enphase Energy estimates both GAAP and non-GAAP financial results as follows:

  • Revenue to be within a range of $245.0 million to $260.0 million; revenue guidance does not include any safe harbor shipments

  • GAAP gross margin to be within a range of 37.0% to 40.0%, excluding the recovery of the remaining $16.0 million tariff refund that has not yet been approved; non-GAAP gross margin to be within a range of 38.0% to 41.0%, excluding tariff refund and stock-based compensation expenses

  • GAAP operating expenses to be within a range of $51.0 million to $54.0 million, including $16.0 million estimated for stock-based compensation expenses and acquisition related amortization

  • Non-GAAP operating expenses to be within a range of $35.0 million to $38.0 million, excluding $16.0 million estimated for stock-based compensation expenses and acquisition related amortization

Follow Enphase Online

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The Company has presented certain non-GAAP financial measures in this press release. To view a description of non-GAAP financial measures used and the non-GAAP reconciliation schedule for the periods presented, click here.

Conference Call Information

Enphase Energy will host a conference call for analysts and investors to discuss its third quarter 2020 results and fourth quarter 2020 business outlook today at 4:30 p.m. Eastern Time (1:30 p.m. Pacific Time). The call is open to the public by dialing (877) 644-1284; participant passcode 3662778. A live webcast of the conference call will also be accessible from the “Investor Relations” section of the Company’s website at investor.enphase.com. Following the webcast, an archived version will be available on the website for approximately one year. In addition, an audio replay of the conference call will be available by calling (855) 859-2056; participant passcode 3662778, beginning approximately one hour after the call.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements, including statements related to Enphase Energy’s expectations as to future financial performance, expense levels, the capabilities, advantages, and performance of our technology and products, our business strategies and anticipated demand for our products. These forward-looking statements are based on the Company’s current expectations and inherently involve significant risks and uncertainties. Enphase Energy’s actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements as a result of certain risks and uncertainties including those risks described in more detail in the Company’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and other documents on file with the SEC and available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Enphase Energy undertakes no duty or obligation to update any forward-looking statements contained in this release as a result of new information, future events or changes in its expectations, except as required by law.

A copy of this press release can be found on the investor relations page of Enphase Energy’s website at investor.enphase.com.

About Enphase Energy, Inc.

Enphase Energy, a global energy technology company, delivers smart, easy-to-use solutions that manage solar generation, storage and communication on one intelligent platform. The Company revolutionized the solar industry with its microinverter technology and produces a fully integrated solar-plus-storage solution. Enphase has shipped more than 30 million microinverters, and approximately 1.3 million Enphase systems have been deployed in more than 130 countries. For more information, visit www.enphase.com.

Enphase Energy®, the Enphase logo, Encharge, Power Start, Enlighten, Enphase Energized, IQ 7+, IQ 7A, Ensemble, and other trademarks or service names are the trademarks of Enphase Energy, Inc. Other names are for informational purposes and may be trademarks of their respective owners.

Contact:
Adam Hinckley
Enphase Energy, Inc.
Investor Relations
ir@enphaseenergy.com
+1-707-763-4784 x7354


ENPHASE ENERGY, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,
2020

June 30,
2020

September 30,
2019

September 30,
2020

September 30,
2019

Net revenues

$

178,503

$

125,538

$

180,057

$

509,586

$

414,301

Cost of revenues (1)

83,522

77,151

115,351

285,543

270,937

Gross profit

94,981

48,387

64,706

224,043

143,364

Operating expenses:

Research and development

15,052

13,192

11,085

40,120

29,213

Sales and marketing

14,645

12,371

9,551

38,788

26,038

General and administrative

13,525

11,970

9,895

37,810

28,358

Restructuring charges

469

1,468

Total operating expenses

43,222

37,533

31,000

116,718

85,077

Income from operations

51,759

10,854

33,706

107,325

58,287

Other expense, net

Interest income

110

282

894

1,483

1,698

Interest expense

(5,993

)

(5,952

)

(2,286

)

(15,100

)

(7,388

)

Other expense, net

(1,031

)

653

(943

)

(1,302

)

(6,904

)

Change in fair value of derivatives (2)

(59,692

)

(44,348

)

Total other expense, net

(6,914

)

(64,709

)

(2,335

)

(59,267

)

(12,594

)

Income before income taxes

44,845

(53,855

)

31,371

48,058

45,693

Income tax benefit (provision)

(5,483

)

6,561

(272

)

12,946

(1,211

)

Net income (loss)

$

39,362

$

(47,294

)

$

31,099

$

61,004

$

44,482

Net income (loss) per share:

Basic

$

0.31

$

(0.38

)

$

0.25

$

0.49

$

0.39

Diluted

$

0.28

$

(0.38

)

$

0.23

$

0.44

$

0.35

Shares used in per share calculation:

Basic

126,109

125,603

122,123

125,084

114,720

Diluted

141,820

125,603

133,611

140,207

131,114

(1) We sought refunds totaling approximately $39 million plus accrued interest on tariffs previously paid from September 24, 2018 to March 31, 2020 for certain microinverters that qualify for the tariff exclusion on Chinese imported microinverter products that fit the dimensions and weight limits within a Section 301 Tariff exclusion under U.S. note 20(ss)(40) to subchapter III of chapter 99 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States. The refund request is subject to review and approval by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection; therefore, we have assessed the probable loss recovery in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 is equal to the $23.0 million approved refund requests available to us prior to issuance of the financial statements on October 27, 2020. As of both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, we have recorded $23.0 million as a reduction to cost of revenues in our condensed consolidated statements of operations as the approved refunds relate to paid tariffs previously recorded to cost of revenues, therefore, we recorded the corresponding approved tariff refunds as credits to cost of revenues in the current period.

(2) Change in fair value of derivatives of $44.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, represents changes in fair value of the conversion option in the Notes due 2025, as well as the convertible note hedge and warrant transactions. Initially, conversion of the Notes due 2025 would be settled solely in cash as a result of the Company not having the necessary number of authorized but unissued shares of its common stock available to settle the conversion option of the Notes due 2025 in shares; therefore, the conversion option, convertible note hedge and warrant transactions were classified as derivatives that required marked-to-market accounting. On May 20, 2020, at the Company’s annual meeting of stockholders, the stockholders approved an amendment to its certificate of incorporation to increase the number of authorized shares of the Company’s common stock. As a result, the Company will now be able to settle the Notes due 2025, convertible notes hedge and warrants through payment or delivery, as the case may be, of cash, shares of its common stock or a combination thereof, at the Company’s election. Accordingly, on May 20, 2020, the conversion option, convertible note hedge and warrant transactions were remeasured at fair value and were then reclassified to additional paid-in-capital in the condensed consolidated balance sheet in the second quarter of 2020 and are no longer remeasured as long as they continue to meet the conditions for equity classification.


ENPHASE ENERGY, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

September 30,
2020

December 31,
2019

ASSETS

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

661,792

$

251,409

Restricted cash

44,700

Accounts receivable, net

122,386

145,413

Inventory

37,535

32,056

Prepaid expenses and other assets

28,521

26,079

Total current assets

850,234

499,657

Property and equipment, net

35,187

28,936

Operating lease, right of use asset, net

14,487

10,117

Intangible assets, net

26,839

30,579

Goodwill

24,783

24,783

Other assets

51,998

44,620

Deferred tax assets, net

88,812

74,531

Total assets

$

1,092,340

$

713,223

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable

$

48,148

$

57,474

Accrued liabilities

52,203

47,092

Deferred revenues, current

41,738

81,783

Warranty obligations, current

10,760

10,078

Debt, current

103,670

2,884

Total current liabilities

256,519

199,311

Long-term liabilities:

Deferred revenues, noncurrent

115,757

100,204

Warranty obligations, noncurrent

33,019

27,020

Other liabilities

14,387

11,817

Debt, noncurrent

256,452

102,659

Total liabilities

676,134

441,011

Total stockholders’ equity

416,206

272,212

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

1,092,340

$

713,223


ENPHASE ENERGY, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,
2020

June 30,
2020

September 30,
2019

September 30,
2020

September 30,
2019

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net (loss) income (1)

$

39,362

$

(47,294

)

$

31,099

$

61,004

$

44,482

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization

4,765

4,141

3,857

12,750

11,551

Provision for doubtful accounts

69

81

201

254

408

Non-cash interest expense

5,422

5,372

1,907

13,516

4,173

Financing fees on extinguishment of debt

2,152

Fees paid for repurchase and exchange of convertible notes due 2023

6,000

Stock-based compensation

14,399

12,300

5,776

34,214

14,000

Change in fair value of derivatives

59,692

44,348

Deferred income taxes

5,060

(7,067

)

(14,507

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

Accounts receivable

(32,633

)

6,529

(37,035

)

23,533

(56,139

)

Inventory

(6,349

)

3,430

(10,137

)

(5,479

)

(13,964

)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

(917

)

(4,525

)

934

(10,451

)

(8,634

)

Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities (1)

26,189

(13,323

)

1,851

(9,200

)

18,656

Warranty obligations

5,872

406

1,631

6,681

3,330

Deferred revenues

6,262

5,689

4,877

(24,509

)

10,781

Net cash provided by operating activities

67,501

25,431

4,961

132,154

36,796

Cash flows from investing activities:

Purchases of property and equipment

(3,903

)

(4,451

)

(4,192

)

(11,707

)

(7,368

)

Net cash used in investing activities

(3,903

)

(4,451

)

(4,192

)

(11,707

)

(7,368

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

Issuance of convertible notes, net of issuance costs

(591

)

(559

)

312,420

127,481

Purchase of convertible note hedges

(89,056

)

(36,313

)

Sale of warrants

71,552

29,819

Fees paid for repurchase and exchange of convertible notes due 2023

(6,000

)

Principal payments and financing fees on debt

(636

)

(485

)

(536

)

(2,269

)

(45,658

)

Proceeds from exercise of equity awards and employee stock purchase plan

(138

)

2,867

303

4,708

2,925

Payment of withholding taxes related to net share settlement of equity awards

(8,390

)

(9,385

)

(2,348

)

(52,042

)

(4,438

)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

(9,164

)

(7,594

)

(3,140

)

245,313

67,816

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

104

24

(542

)

(77

)

(435

)

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

54,538

13,410

(2,913

)

365,683

96,809

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash—Beginning of period

607,254

593,844

205,959

296,109

106,237

Cash and cash equivalents—End of period

$

661,792

$

607,254

$

203,046

$

661,792

$

203,046

(1) As of September 30, 2020, we have received $16.0 million of tariff refunds and accrued for $7.0 million tariff refunds that were approved, however, not yet received on or before September 30, 2020. As of both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, we have recorded $23.0 million as a reduction to cost of revenues in our condensed consolidated statements of operations as the approved refunds relate to paid tariffs previously recorded to cost of revenues, therefore, we recorded the corresponding approved tariff refunds as credits to cost of revenues in the current period. The tariff refund receivable of $7.0 million is recorded as a reduction of accounts payable to Flex Ltd. and affiliates (“Flex”), our manufacturing partner and the importer of record who will first receive the tariff refunds, on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2020.


ENPHASE ENERGY, INC.
RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
(In thousands, except per share data and percentages)
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,
2020

June 30,
2020

September 30,
2019

September 30,
2020

September 30,
2019

Gross profit (GAAP)

$

94,981

$

48,387

$

64,706

$

224,043

$

143,364

Stock-based compensation

1,294

1,337

497

3,237

1,114

Tariff refunds

(23,029

)

(23,029

)

Gross profit (Non-GAAP)

$

73,246

$

49,724

$

65,203

$

204,251

$

144,478

Gross margin (GAAP)

53.2

%

38.5

%

35.9

%

44.0

%

34.6

%

Stock-based compensation

0.7

%

1.1

%

0.3

%

0.6

%

0.3

%

Tariff refunds

(12.9

)%

%

%

(4.5

)%

%

Gross margin (Non-GAAP)

41.0

%

39.6

%

36.2

%

40.1

%

34.9

%

Operating expenses (GAAP)

$

43,222

$

37,533

$

31,000

$

116,718

$

85,077

Stock-based compensation (1)

(13,105

)

(10,963

)

(4,948

)

(30,977

)

(12,168

)

Restructuring and asset impairment charges

(469

)

(1,468

)

Acquisition related expenses and amortization

(546

)

(546

)

(546

)

(1,638

)

(1,638

)

Operating expenses (Non-GAAP)

$

29,571

$

26,024

$

25,037

$

84,103

$

69,803

(1) Includes stock-based compensation as follows:

Research and development

$

4,248

$

3,263

$

1,411

$

9,430

$

3,255

Sales and marketing

3,952

3,610

1,541

9,504

3,900

General and administrative

4,905

4,090

1,996

12,043

5,013

Restructuring

$

$

718

Total

$

13,105

$

10,963

$

4,948

$

30,977

$

12,168

Income from operations (GAAP)

$

51,759

$

10,854

$

33,706

$

107,325

$

58,287

Stock-based compensation

14,399

12,300

5,445

34,214

13,282

Tariff refunds

(23,029

)

(23,029

)

Restructuring and asset impairment charges

469

1,468

Acquisition related expenses and amortization

546

546

546

1,638

1,638

Income from operations (Non-GAAP)

$

43,675

$

23,700

$

40,166

$

120,148

$

74,675

Net income (loss) (GAAP)

$

39,362

$

(47,294

)

$

31,099

$

61,004

$

44,482

Stock-based compensation

14,399

12,300

5,445

34,214

13,282

Tariff refunds

(23,029

)

(23,029

)

Restructuring and asset impairment charges

469

1,468

Acquisition related expenses and amortization

546

546

546

1,638

1,638

Non-recurring debt prepayment fees and non-cash interest

5,422

5,372

1,907

13,516

11,297

Change in fair value of derivatives

59,692

44,348

Non-GAAP income tax adjustment

5,060

(7,067

)

(14,507

)

Net income (Non-GAAP)

$

41,760

$

23,549

$

39,466

$

117,184

$

72,167

Net income (loss) per share, basic (GAAP)

$

0.31

$

(0.38

)

$

0.25

$

0.49

$

0.39

Stock-based compensation

0.12

0.10

0.05

0.28

0.12

Tariff refunds

(0.18

)

(0.18

)

Restructuring and asset impairment charges

0.01

Acquisition related expenses and amortization

0.01

0.01

Non-recurring debt prepayment fees and non-cash interest

0.04

0.05

0.02

0.11

0.10

Change in fair value of derivatives

0.48

0.35

Non-GAAP income tax adjustment

0.04

(0.06

)

(0.12

)

Net income per share, basic (Non-GAAP)

$

0.33

$

0.19

$

0.32

$

0.94

$

0.63

Shares used in basic per share calculation GAAP and Non-GAAP

126,109

125,603

122,123

125,084

114,720

Net income (loss) per share, diluted (GAAP)

$

0.28

$

(0.38

)

$

0.23

$

0.44

$

0.35

Stock-based compensation

0.11

0.09

0.04

0.26

0.10

Restructuring and asset impairment charges

0.01

0.01

Tariff Refunds

(0.17

)

(0.17

)

Acquisition related expenses and amortization

0.01

0.01

0.01

Non-recurring debt prepayment fees and non-cash interest

0.04

0.04

0.01

0.10

0.09

Change in fair value of derivatives

0.48

0.33

Non-GAAP income tax adjustment

0.04

(0.06

)

(0.11

)

$

Net income per share, diluted (Non-GAAP) (2) (4)

$

0.30

$

0.17

$

0.30

$

0.86

$

0.56

Shares used in diluted per share calculation GAAP

141,820

125,603

133,611

140,207

131,114

Shares used in diluted per share calculation Non-GAAP (3) (4)

137,352

135,770

132,323

136,359

130,729

(2) Calculation of non-GAAP diluted net income per share for the three months ended September 30, 2020, June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019 excludes convertible notes due 2023 interest expense, net of tax of less than $0.1 million in each period from non-GAAP net income. Calculation of non-GAAP diluted net income per share for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019 excludes convertible notes due 2023 interest expense, net of tax of less than $0.1 million and $0.9 million, respectively, from non-GAAP net income.

(3) Effect of dilutive in-the-money portion of convertible senior notes and warrants are included in the GAAP weighted-average diluted shares in periods where the Company has GAAP net income. The Company excluded the in-the-money portion of convertible notes due 2024 totaling 4,468 thousand shares, 3677 thousand shares and 1,288 thousand shares in the three months ended September 30, 2020, June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively, and 3,849 thousand shares and 385 thousand shares for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively for non-GAAP weighted-average diluted shares as the Company entered into convertible note hedge transactions that reduce potential dilution to the Company’s common stock upon any conversion of the notes due 2024.

(4) Effect of dilutive in-the-money portion of Stock Options, RSUs, PSUs, shares to be purchased under the Company’s ESPP, the Notes due 2023 and the warrants issued in conjunction with the Notes due 2024 are included in the non-GAAP weighted-average diluted shares in periods where the Company has non-GAAP net income, which totaled 10,167 thousand shares in the three months ended June 30, 2020.