U.S. markets open in 8 hours 31 minutes
  • S&P Futures

    4,455.00
    -19.75 (-0.44%)
     
  • Dow Futures

    34,580.00
    -36.00 (-0.10%)
     
  • Nasdaq Futures

    14,706.25
    -134.75 (-0.91%)
     
  • Russell 2000 Futures

    2,020.50
    -0.70 (-0.03%)
     
  • Crude Oil

    86.29
    -0.61 (-0.70%)
     
  • Gold

    1,842.10
    -0.50 (-0.03%)
     
  • Silver

    24.57
    -0.15 (-0.59%)
     
  • EUR/USD

    1.1328
    +0.0010 (+0.09%)
     
  • 10-Yr Bond

    1.8330
    0.0000 (0.00%)
     
  • Vix

    25.59
    +1.74 (+7.30%)
     
  • GBP/USD

    1.3593
    -0.0007 (-0.05%)
     
  • USD/JPY

    113.8570
    -0.2430 (-0.21%)
     
  • BTC-USD

    38,915.69
    -2,973.15 (-7.10%)
     
  • CMC Crypto 200

    919.09
    -76.17 (-7.65%)
     
  • FTSE 100

    7,585.01
    -4.65 (-0.06%)
     
  • Nikkei 225

    27,471.01
    -301.92 (-1.09%)
     

Estimating The Fair Value Of Crexendo, Inc. (NASDAQ:CXDO)

  • Oops!
    Something went wrong.
    Please try again later.
·5 min read
In this article:
  • Oops!
    Something went wrong.
    Please try again later.
  • CXDO

In this article we are going to estimate the intrinsic value of Crexendo, Inc. (NASDAQ:CXDO) by taking the forecast future cash flows of the company and discounting them back to today's value. Our analysis will employ the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Believe it or not, it's not too difficult to follow, as you'll see from our example!

Remember though, that there are many ways to estimate a company's value, and a DCF is just one method. Anyone interested in learning a bit more about intrinsic value should have a read of the Simply Wall St analysis model.

View our latest analysis for Crexendo

The calculation

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, so we need to discount the sum of these future cash flows to arrive at a present value estimate:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

2027

2028

2029

2030

2031

Levered FCF ($, Millions)

US$1.88m

US$2.63m

US$3.39m

US$4.09m

US$4.71m

US$5.24m

US$5.68m

US$6.04m

US$6.35m

US$6.62m

Growth Rate Estimate Source

Analyst x1

Est @ 40.32%

Est @ 28.81%

Est @ 20.75%

Est @ 15.12%

Est @ 11.17%

Est @ 8.41%

Est @ 6.47%

Est @ 5.12%

Est @ 4.17%

Present Value ($, Millions) Discounted @ 6.5%

US$1.8

US$2.3

US$2.8

US$3.2

US$3.4

US$3.6

US$3.6

US$3.6

US$3.6

US$3.5

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = US$31m

After calculating the present value of future cash flows in the initial 10-year period, we need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all future cash flows beyond the first stage. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 2.0%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 6.5%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = US$6.6m× (1 + 2.0%) ÷ (6.5%– 2.0%) = US$148m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= US$148m÷ ( 1 + 6.5%)10= US$78m

The total value is the sum of cash flows for the next ten years plus the discounted terminal value, which results in the Total Equity Value, which in this case is US$109m. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of US$5.8, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. The assumptions in any calculation have a big impact on the valuation, so it is better to view this as a rough estimate, not precise down to the last cent.

dcf
dcf

The assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. If you don't agree with these result, have a go at the calculation yourself and play with the assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Crexendo as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 6.5%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.044. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Looking Ahead:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. The DCF model is not a perfect stock valuation tool. Preferably you'd apply different cases and assumptions and see how they would impact the company's valuation. If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. For Crexendo, we've put together three pertinent elements you should assess:

  1. Risks: As an example, we've found 3 warning signs for Crexendo (2 are potentially serious!) that you need to consider before investing here.

  2. Management:Have insiders been ramping up their shares to take advantage of the market's sentiment for CXDO's future outlook? Check out our management and board analysis with insights on CEO compensation and governance factors.

  3. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every American stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.