Value-focused investors are always on the hunt for stocks that are priced below their intrinsic value. One such stock that merits attention is Etsy Inc (NASDAQ:ETSY). The stock, which is currently priced at 66.92, recorded a gain of 3.65% in a day and a 3-month decrease of 30.72%. The stock's fair valuation is $185.51, as indicated by its GF Value.
Understanding GF Value
The GF Value represents the current intrinsic value of a stock derived from our exclusive method. The GF Value Line on our summary page gives an overview of the fair value that the stock should be traded at. It is calculated based on three factors: historical multiples (PE Ratio, PS Ratio, PB Ratio and Price-to-Free-Cash-Flow) that the stock has traded at; GuruFocus adjustment factor based on the company's past returns and growth; and future estimates of the business performance.
However, investors need to consider a more in-depth analysis before making an investment decision. Despite its seemingly attractive valuation, certain risk factors associated with Etsy should not be ignored. These risks are primarily reflected through its low Altman Z-score of 1.48. These indicators suggest that Etsy, despite its apparent undervaluation, might be a potential value trap. This complexity underlines the importance of thorough due diligence in investment decision-making.
Altman Z-Score: A Predictive Model
Before delving into the details, let's understand what the Altman Z-score entails. Invented by New York University Professor Edward I. Altman in 1968, the Z-Score is a financial model that predicts the probability of a company entering bankruptcy within a two-year time frame. The Altman Z-Score combines five different financial ratios, each weighted to create a final score. A score below 1.8 suggests a high likelihood of financial distress, while a score above 3 indicates a low risk.
Company Profile: Etsy Inc (NASDAQ:ETSY)
Etsy operates a top-10 e-commerce marketplace operator in the U.S. and the U.K., with sizable operations in Germany, France, Australia, and Canada. The firm dominates an interesting niche, connecting buyers and sellers through its online market to exchange vintage and craft goods. With $13.3 billion in 2022 consolidated gross merchandise volume, the firm has cemented itself as one of the largest players in a quickly growing space, generating revenue from listing fees, commissions on sold items, advertising services, payment processing, and shipping labels. As of the end of 2022, the firm connected more than 95 million buyers and 7.5 million sellers on its marketplace properties: Etsy, Reverb (musical equipment) and Depop (clothing resale).
Etsy's Low Altman Z-Score: A Breakdown of Key Drivers
A dissection of Etsy's Altman Z-score reveals Etsy's financial health may be weak, suggesting possible financial distress.
The EBIT to Total Assets ratio serves as a crucial barometer of a company's operational effectiveness, correlating earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) to total assets. An analysis of Etsy's EBIT to Total Assets ratio from historical data (2021: 0.15; 2022: 0.11; 2023: -0.26) indicates a descending trend. This reduction suggests that Etsy might not be utilizing its assets to their full potential to generate operational profits, which could be negatively affecting the company's overall Z-score.
When it comes to operational efficiency, a vital indicator for Etsy is its asset turnover. The data: 2021: 0.88; 2022: 0.67; 2023: 0.97 from the past three years suggests a recent decline following an initial increase in this ratio. The asset turnover ratio reflects how effectively a company is using its assets to generate sales. Therefore, a drop in this ratio can signify reduced operational efficiency, potentially due to underutilization of assets or decreased market demand for the company's products or services. This shift in Etsy's asset turnover underlines the need for the company to reassess its operational strategies to optimize asset usage and boost sales.
Conclusion: Etsy as a Potential Value Trap
Despite its seemingly attractive valuation, Etsy's low Altman Z-score, decreasing EBIT to Total Assets ratio, and fluctuating asset turnover ratio suggest potential financial distress. These indicators, coupled with the stock's current price significantly below its GF Value, hint at Etsy being a potential value trap. Therefore, investors should exercise caution and conduct thorough due diligence before making an investment decision.
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This article first appeared on GuruFocus.