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Is Evolus (NASDAQ:EOLS) Using Too Much Debt?

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David Iben put it well when he said, 'Volatility is not a risk we care about. What we care about is avoiding the permanent loss of capital.' When we think about how risky a company is, we always like to look at its use of debt, since debt overload can lead to ruin. Importantly, Evolus, Inc. (NASDAQ:EOLS) does carry debt. But is this debt a concern to shareholders?

What Risk Does Debt Bring?

Debt assists a business until the business has trouble paying it off, either with new capital or with free cash flow. In the worst case scenario, a company can go bankrupt if it cannot pay its creditors. While that is not too common, we often do see indebted companies permanently diluting shareholders because lenders force them to raise capital at a distressed price. By replacing dilution, though, debt can be an extremely good tool for businesses that need capital to invest in growth at high rates of return. When we think about a company's use of debt, we first look at cash and debt together.

See our latest analysis for Evolus

How Much Debt Does Evolus Carry?

As you can see below, Evolus had US$71.2m of debt at December 2021, down from US$114.9m a year prior. But it also has US$146.3m in cash to offset that, meaning it has US$75.0m net cash.

debt-equity-history-analysis
debt-equity-history-analysis

How Strong Is Evolus' Balance Sheet?

The latest balance sheet data shows that Evolus had liabilities of US$57.7m due within a year, and liabilities of US$117.9m falling due after that. Offsetting these obligations, it had cash of US$146.3m as well as receivables valued at US$14.7m due within 12 months. So its liabilities outweigh the sum of its cash and (near-term) receivables by US$14.7m.

Of course, Evolus has a market capitalization of US$572.8m, so these liabilities are probably manageable. Having said that, it's clear that we should continue to monitor its balance sheet, lest it change for the worse. While it does have liabilities worth noting, Evolus also has more cash than debt, so we're pretty confident it can manage its debt safely. The balance sheet is clearly the area to focus on when you are analysing debt. But it is future earnings, more than anything, that will determine Evolus's ability to maintain a healthy balance sheet going forward. So if you want to see what the professionals think, you might find this free report on analyst profit forecasts to be interesting.

Over 12 months, Evolus reported revenue of US$100m, which is a gain of 76%, although it did not report any earnings before interest and tax. With any luck the company will be able to grow its way to profitability.

So How Risky Is Evolus?

We have no doubt that loss making companies are, in general, riskier than profitable ones. And we do note that Evolus had an earnings before interest and tax (EBIT) loss, over the last year. And over the same period it saw negative free cash outflow of US$34m and booked a US$47m accounting loss. Given it only has net cash of US$75.0m, the company may need to raise more capital if it doesn't reach break-even soon. Evolus's revenue growth shone bright over the last year, so it may well be in a position to turn a profit in due course. Pre-profit companies are often risky, but they can also offer great rewards. When analysing debt levels, the balance sheet is the obvious place to start. But ultimately, every company can contain risks that exist outside of the balance sheet. For example - Evolus has 3 warning signs we think you should be aware of.

When all is said and done, sometimes its easier to focus on companies that don't even need debt. Readers can access a list of growth stocks with zero net debt 100% free, right now.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.

This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.