Mosaic (MOS) shares are climbing after the company reported higher than expected second quarter earnings per share and revenue that was roughly in-line with expectations. "Agricultural fundamentals are exceptionally strong around the globe, and that bodes well for Mosaic over the long term," said Mosaic CEO Jim Prokopanko on the company's earnings conference call. U.S. farmers have a great deal of cash, and will use it on products that help them obtain the largest crops possible, added the CEO. However, there are some short-term negatives, as Prokopanko said he would have been happier if China - which earlier this week signed a new contract for Canadian potash - had agreed to pay higher prices for the fertilizer. Furthermore, India's regulations continue to harm the industry, the CEO indicated. Despite these challenges, demand for the company's products in free markets remain strong and should accelerate, Prokopanko reported. In late morning trading, Mosaic (MOS) climbed 2.68% to $58.29, while fellow fertilizer makers rose as well. Agrium (AGU) advanced 1.22% to $103.48, Potash (POT) added 0.98% to $41.34 and CF Industries (CF) climbed 1.73% to $209.83.