U.S. markets closed
  • S&P 500

    4,026.12
    -1.14 (-0.03%)
     
  • Dow 30

    34,347.03
    +152.97 (+0.45%)
     
  • Nasdaq

    11,226.36
    -58.96 (-0.52%)
     
  • Russell 2000

    1,869.19
    +5.67 (+0.30%)
     
  • Crude Oil

    76.28
    -1.66 (-2.13%)
     
  • Gold

    1,754.00
    +8.40 (+0.48%)
     
  • Silver

    21.43
    +0.06 (+0.29%)
     
  • EUR/USD

    1.0405
    -0.0008 (-0.07%)
     
  • 10-Yr Bond

    3.6910
    -0.0150 (-0.40%)
     
  • GBP/USD

    1.2091
    -0.0023 (-0.19%)
     
  • USD/JPY

    139.1000
    +0.5100 (+0.37%)
     
  • BTC-USD

    16,546.09
    -40.03 (-0.24%)
     
  • CMC Crypto 200

    386.97
    +4.32 (+1.13%)
     
  • FTSE 100

    7,486.67
    +20.07 (+0.27%)
     
  • Nikkei 225

    28,283.03
    -100.06 (-0.35%)
     

General Dynamics Corporation's (NYSE:GD) Has Had A Decent Run On The Stock market: Are Fundamentals In The Driver's Seat?

Most readers would already know that General Dynamics' (NYSE:GD) stock increased by 2.8% over the past three months. Given that stock prices are usually aligned with a company's financial performance in the long-term, we decided to investigate if the company's decent financials had a hand to play in the recent price move. Specifically, we decided to study General Dynamics' ROE in this article.

Return on equity or ROE is a key measure used to assess how efficiently a company's management is utilizing the company's capital. In other words, it is a profitability ratio which measures the rate of return on the capital provided by the company's shareholders.

See our latest analysis for General Dynamics

How Do You Calculate Return On Equity?

ROE can be calculated by using the formula:

Return on Equity = Net Profit (from continuing operations) ÷ Shareholders' Equity

So, based on the above formula, the ROE for General Dynamics is:

19% = US$3.3b ÷ US$17b (Based on the trailing twelve months to July 2022).

The 'return' is the profit over the last twelve months. So, this means that for every $1 of its shareholder's investments, the company generates a profit of $0.19.

What Is The Relationship Between ROE And Earnings Growth?

We have already established that ROE serves as an efficient profit-generating gauge for a company's future earnings. Based on how much of its profits the company chooses to reinvest or "retain", we are then able to evaluate a company's future ability to generate profits. Assuming everything else remains unchanged, the higher the ROE and profit retention, the higher the growth rate of a company compared to companies that don't necessarily bear these characteristics.

General Dynamics' Earnings Growth And 19% ROE

To begin with, General Dynamics seems to have a respectable ROE. On comparing with the average industry ROE of 10% the company's ROE looks pretty remarkable. However, for some reason, the higher returns aren't reflected in General Dynamics' meagre five year net income growth average of 2.4%. That's a bit unexpected from a company which has such a high rate of return. A few likely reasons why this could happen is that the company could have a high payout ratio or the business has allocated capital poorly, for instance.

We then compared General Dynamics' net income growth with the industry and found that the company's growth figure is lower than the average industry growth rate of 4.0% in the same period, which is a bit concerning.

past-earnings-growth
past-earnings-growth

Earnings growth is a huge factor in stock valuation. The investor should try to establish if the expected growth or decline in earnings, whichever the case may be, is priced in. This then helps them determine if the stock is placed for a bright or bleak future. One good indicator of expected earnings growth is the P/E ratio which determines the price the market is willing to pay for a stock based on its earnings prospects. So, you may want to check if General Dynamics is trading on a high P/E or a low P/E, relative to its industry.

Is General Dynamics Using Its Retained Earnings Effectively?

Despite having a normal three-year median payout ratio of 40% (or a retention ratio of 60% over the past three years, General Dynamics has seen very little growth in earnings as we saw above. Therefore, there might be some other reasons to explain the lack in that respect. For example, the business could be in decline.

Additionally, General Dynamics has paid dividends over a period of at least ten years, which means that the company's management is determined to pay dividends even if it means little to no earnings growth. Based on the latest analysts' estimates, we found that the company's future payout ratio over the next three years is expected to hold steady at 38%. As a result, General Dynamics' ROE is not expected to change by much either, which we inferred from the analyst estimate of 21% for future ROE.

Summary

Overall, we feel that General Dynamics certainly does have some positive factors to consider. Although, we are disappointed to see a lack of growth in earnings even in spite of a high ROE and and a high reinvestment rate. We believe that there might be some outside factors that could be having a negative impact on the business. Having said that, looking at the current analyst estimates, we found that the company's earnings are expected to gain momentum. Are these analysts expectations based on the broad expectations for the industry, or on the company's fundamentals? Click here to be taken to our analyst's forecasts page for the company.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.

This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.

Join A Paid User Research Session
You’ll receive a US$30 Amazon Gift card for 1 hour of your time while helping us build better investing tools for the individual investors like yourself. Sign up here