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Genie Energy Ltd. Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2020 Results

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NEWARK, N.J., March 11, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- Genie Energy Ltd. (NYSE: GNE, GNEPRA) reported fourth quarter 2020 loss of $0.06 per diluted share on revenue of $102.9 million, and full year 2020 earnings of $0.44 per diluted share on revenue of $379.3 million.

Genie Energy is a leading provider of electricity and natural gas to homes and small businesses in the Eastern U.S. Genie also operates an E&P company with an active exploratory program in Northern Israel.
Genie Energy is a leading provider of electricity and natural gas to homes and small businesses in the Eastern U.S. Genie also operates an E&P company with an active exploratory program in Northern Israel.

4Q20 AND FULL YEAR 2020 FINANCIAL AND OPERATIONAL HIGHLIGHTS
(Throughout this release, 4Q20 results are compared to 4Q19 results and FY 2020 results are compared to FY 2019 results unless otherwise noted)

  • 4Q20 consolidated revenue increased 25.5% to $102.9 million. Full year 2020 consolidated revenue increased 20.3% to a company record of $379.3 million.

  • 4Q20 consolidated loss from operations was $1.1 million compared to income from operations of $2.3 million in 4Q19. 4Q20 consolidated Adjusted EBITDA1 decreased to $693 thousand from $815 thousand.

  • Full year 2020 consolidated income from operations increased to $19.3 million from $9.8 million. Full year 2020 consolidated Adjusted EBITDA1 increased to $24.0 million (the highest level in Genie Energy's history) from $10.1 million.

  • 4Q20 diluted loss per share of $0.06 compared to breakeven. Full year 2020 diluted EPS increased to $0.44 from $0.10.

  • In December 2020, Genie's Afek subsidiary ceased exploratory operations after finding no light oil resources suitable for commercial development.

  • Genie Energy has suspended its common stock dividend

COMMENTS OF MICHAEL STEIN, CEO
"We capped an outstanding year with solid fourth quarter results. Our domestic business again performed well despite the mixed impacts of COVID-19. For the full year 2020, consolidated gross profit increased 18% to $98 million and EPS climbed to $0.44 from $0.10 in 2019. Our domestic retail supply business delivered over $37 million in adjusted EBITDA, a record performance.

"In light of the losses incurred from the unprecedented storm that hit Texas in mid-February, we are working to de-risk our business and narrow our strategic focus. We expect to grow our cash-generating core business in the U.S., including our solar business, maximize near term cash flows, strengthen our balance sheet, and adapt our risk profile in light of the lessons learned. Pursuant to this approach, we will undertake a strategic evaluation of our international investment businesses. As part of the effort to rebuild our cash position, we have suspended our dividend."

"During the fourth quarter, we concluded our oil and gas exploration program after finding no light oil in our last well tests. Though disappointing, the result allows us to focus more tightly on our retail energy supply business.

UPDATE ON TEXAS WINTER STORM IMPACT
A series of severe winter storms (collectively, Winter Storm Uri) struck the Midwest in mid-February after the fourth quarter close. The storm triggered unprecedented increases in electricity demand in combination with significant reductions in supply within the Electric Reliability Council of Texas ("ERCOT") service area. Wholesale electricity prices reached or exceeded maximum allowed clearing prices for sustained periods and rolling blackouts impacted millions of residential and commercial customers across the State.

Because complete data on supply and related costs is not available, Genie Energy is not yet able to fully quantify the financial impact of the storm. Invoices received to date as well as other costs incurred in connection with the disruptive period currently place the first quarter loss in Texas at approximately $12.8 million. The company plans to provide an update when it has received all relevant price and volume settlement data.

CHANGES TO REPORTING
Genie is modifying its reporting into three business segments: GRE, GRE International, and GES. Genie also reports corporate overhead. Following the completion of exploratory activities at GOGAS, GOGAS's results will be reported as part of the company's corporate overhead.

To reflect Genie's purchase of the outstanding interest in its Orbit Energy joint venture operating in the United Kingdom from its former joint venture partner, Genie began to consolidate Orbit's results in its financial reporting under the GRE International segment effective October 8, 2020. Prior to that date, Genie accounted for its investments in Orbit under the equity method of accounting. Revenue generated, and expenses incurred, were not reflected in segment revenue and operating expenses.

CONSOLIDATED RESULTS

$ in millions, except EPS

4Q20

3Q20

4Q19


4Q20-4Q19

Change (%/$)


2020

2019


2020-2019

Change (%/$)

Revenue

$102.9

$96.3

$82.0


+25.5%


$379.3

$276.5


+20.3%

Gross profit

$22.0

$27.3

$22.0


nc


$97.7

$83.0


+17.8%

Gross margin percentage

21.4%

28.4%

26.8%


(540) BP


25.8%

26.3%


(50) BP

SG&A expense

$22.7

$18.8

$19.2


+17.7%


$77.0

$72.7


+5.9%

Stock-based compensation

included in SG&A

$(0.2)

$0.4

$-


$(0.2)


$1.1

$1.1


nc

Depreciation and

amortization

$1.3

$0.7

$0.8


+$0.5


$3.5

$3.6


$(0.1)

Bad debt expense

$1.5

$1.0

$0.2


+$1.3


$3.7

$0.7


+$2.6

Impairment of assets

$0.4

-

$0.4


nc


$1.4

$0.4


+$1.0

Loss (Income) from operations

$(1.1)

$8.5

$2.3


$(3.3)


$19.3

$9.8


+$9.5

Adjusted EBITDA1

$0.7

$9.5

$0.8


$(0.1)


$24.0

$10.1


+$13.9

Equity in the net loss in equity method investees2

$0.3

$(0.1)

$(2.7)


+$3.0


$(1.4)

$(4.8)


+$3.4

Provision for income taxes

$(2.8)

$(2.4)

$(1.5)


+$0.7


$(8.3)

$(5.6)


$(0.8)

Net (loss) income attributable to Genie Energy common stockholders

$(1.7)

$6.4

-


$(1.7)


$13.2

$13.4


$(0.2)

(Loss) earnings per diluted share attributable to Genie Energy common stockholders

$(0.06)

$0.24

-


$(0.06)


$0.44

$0.10


+$0.34

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

$(0.9)

$10.4

$0.2


$(1.1)


$23.1

$15.8


+$7.3

GLOBAL METERS AND RCEs
Genie Energy's global customer base increased year-over-year driven by GRE International's investment in customer acquisition. Genie Energy's global RCE and meter totals are provided in the chart below.

Global RCEs and Meters
(in thousands)2

December 31, 2020

September 30, 2020

June 30, 2020

March 31, 2020

December 31, 2019

Electricity RCEs

366

364

346

325

297

Natural gas RCEs

75

78

75

76

77

Total RCEs

440

442

421

401

374







Electricity meters

454

445

429

421

390

Natural gas meters

111

113

107

111

107

Total meters

565

558

536

532

497

SEGMENT RESULTS

Genie Retail Energy

$ in millions

4Q20

3Q20

4Q19


4Q20-4Q19

Change (%/$)


2020

2019


2020-2019

Change (%/$)

Total revenue

$70.2

$89.5

$74.0


(5.2)%


$305.3

$286.6


+6.5%

Electricity revenue

$60.6

$86.2

$61.2


(1.1)%


$270.9

$246.7


+9.8%

Natural gas revenue

$9.4

$2.7

$12.9


(27.1)%


$33.6

$39.9


(15.9)%

Gross profit

$17.7

$25.9

$22.0


(19.7)%


$88.3

$80.6


+9.5%

Gross margin percentage

25.2%

29.0%

29.7%


(450 BP)


28.9%

28.1%


+80 BP

SG&A expense

$12.6

$13.6

$13.8


(8.6)%


$51.9

$53.4


(3.0)%

Depreciation & amortization

$0.1

$0.1

$0.2


(32.4)%


$0.5

$0.7


$(0.2)

Bad debt

$0.5

$0.9

$0.2


+$0.3


$2.6

$0.6


+$2.0

Income from operations

$5.1

$12.3

$8.2


$(3.1)


$36.4

$27.2


+$9.2

Adjusted EBITDA1

$5.2

$12.6

$8.5


$(3.3)


$37.3

$28.3


+$9.0

GRE - KPIs and Take-Aways:

  • RCEs served at December 31, 2020 increased 9% to 337,000 from 309,000 a year earlier and decreased 4% from 350,000 at September 30, 2020.

  • Meters served at December 31, 2020 was unchanged from a year earlier at 370,000 and decreased 1% from 375,000 at September 30, 2020.

  • Gross meters added during 4Q20 totaled 58,000 compared to 56,000 in 4Q19 and 44,000 in 3Q20. For the full year 2020, gross meters added totaled 212,000 compared to 308,000 added in 2019.

  • Average monthly customer churn was 5.3% in 4Q20 compared to 6.1% in 4Q19 and 3.7% in 3Q20. For the full year 2020, average monthly customer churn decreased to 4.4% from 5.3% in 2019, driven by reduced competitive activity due to COVID-19 during 2020.

  • Electricity revenue decreased slightly in 4Q20 reflecting lower revenue per kilowatt hour. For the full year 2020, a significant increase in consumption per meter as a result of the move toward work-from-home was only partially offset by lower revenue per kilowatt hour.

  • The year over year decreases in income from operations and Adjusted EBITDA1 were driven by reduced gross profit per kilowatt hour partially offset by decreased customer acquisition expense as a result of COVID-19 related restrictions on in-person customer acquisition activities.

Genie Retail Energy International (GRE International)
To reflect Genie's purchase of the outstanding interest in its Orbit Energy joint venture operating in the United Kingdom from its former joint venture partner, Genie began to consolidate Orbit's results in its financial reporting under the GRE International segment effective October 8, 2020. Prior to that date, Genie accounted for its investments in Orbit under the equity method of accounting. Revenue generated, and expenses incurred, were not reflected in segment revenue and operating expenses. However, Orbit Energy's customers are included in counts of Genie Energy's and GRE International's customer bases for all periods presented.

Genie Retail International2

$ in millions

4Q20

3Q20

4Q19


4Q20-4Q19

Change (%/$)


2020

2019


2020-2019

Change (%/$)

Total revenue

$31.8

$5.8

$5.8


+$26.0


$49.6

$16.6


+$33.1

Electricity revenue

$23.4

$5.6

$5.8


+$17.6


$40.7

$16.4


+$24.3

Natural gas revenue

$8.3

-

-


+$8.3


$8.3

-


+$8.3

Gross profit

$4.4

$1.1

$(0.3)


+$4.7


$7.2

$0.3


+$6.8

Gross margin percentage

14.0%

18.7%

(5.0)%


+1890 BP


14.4%

2.0%


+1200 BP

SG&A expense

$7.4

$2.7

$2.9


+4.5


$14.8

$8.5


+$6.3

Depreciation & amortization

$1.1

$0.5

$0.4


+$0.8


$2.7

$1.8


+$0.8

Bad debt

$1.0

$0.1

-


+$1.0


$1.1

-


+$1.1

Loss from operations

$(2.9)

$(1.6)

$(3.2)


+$0.3


$(7.6)

$(8.1)


+$0.5

Adjusted EBITDA1

$(1.8)

$(1.0)

$(5.6)


+$3.8


$(6.3)

$(10.7)


+$4.4

GRE International – KPIs and Take-Aways:

  • RCE's served at December 31, 2020 increased 58% to 103,000 from 65,000 a year earlier and increased 12% from 92,000 at September 30, 2020 led by expansion in the U.K. and Scandinavian markets.

  • Meters served at December 31, 2020 increased 53% to 195,000 from 127,000 a year earlier and increased 7% from 182,000 at September 30, 2020.

  • On a pro forma basis3, inclusive of Orbit Energy's revenue, GRE International's 4Q20 revenue increased to $33.6 million from $22.2 million in 4Q19. Full year 2020 pro forma3 revenue increased to $101.1 million from $47.4 million in 2019.

  • On a pro forma basis3, inclusive of Orbit Energy's loss from operations, GRE International's 4Q20 loss from operations decreased to $3.1 million from $6.4 million in 4Q19. Full year 2020 pro forma3 loss from operations decreased to $17.4 million from $19.5 million in 2019.

Genie Energy Services (GES)
GES comprises Diversegy, a commercial energy consulting business, Genie's interest in Prism Solar, a supplier of solar panels and solutions, and Genie Solar Energy, a provider of custom solar energy solutions to commercial customers.

  • GES' 4Q20 revenue of $0.9 million decreased from $2.1 million. Full year 2020 revenue increased to $24.4 million from $12.1 million primarily reflecting revenue from solar installation revenues for a large client recognized in the first half of 2020.

  • GES' 4Q20 loss from operations was $1.0 million compared to a loss from operations of $1.2 million in 4Q19. The full year 2020 loss from operations was $2.5 million compared to $2.9 million in 2019.

Corporate
During 4Q20, Genie Oil and Gas completed its oil and gas exploration program. As a result, GOGAS is no longer reported as a separate segment. Results from activities formerly reported through the GOGAS segment are reported within Corporate for all periods presented.

  • Corporate overhead in 4Q20 was $2.3 million compared to $1.5 million in 4Q19. Full year 2020 corporate overhead was $7.0 million compared to $6.3 million in 2019.

BALANCE SHEET AND CASH FLOW HIGHLIGHTS
At December 31, 2020, Genie Energy had $187.3 million in total assets. Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash marketable securities and short-term investments totaled $48.3 million at December 31, 2020 compared to $49.2 million at September 30, 2020. Liabilities totaled $101.3 million and working capital (current assets less current liabilities) totaled $36.3 million compared to $54.9 million at September 30, 2020. The reduction in working capital substantially reflects the consolidation of Orbit Energy in the fourth quarter including prepayments made by its customers.

Cash used in operating activities in 4Q20 was $0.9 million compared to cash provided by operating activities of $0.2 million in 4Q19. Full year 2020 cash provided by operating activities increased to $23.1 million from $15.8 million in 2019.

GENIE ENERGY EARNINGS CONFERENCE CALL
This earnings press release is available for download in the "Investors" section of the Genie Energy website (https://genie.com/investors/investor-relations/) and has been filed on a current report (Form 8-K) with the SEC.

At 8:30 AM Eastern today, Genie Energy's management will host a conference call to discuss financial and operational results, business outlook and strategy. The call will begin with management's remarks followed by Q&A with investors.

To participate in the conference call, dial 1-888-348-6472 (toll-free from the US) or 1-412-902-4240 (international) and request the Genie Energy conference call.

Approximately three hours after the call, a call replay will be accessible by dialing 1-844-512-2921 (toll-free from the US) or 1-412-317-6671 (international) and providing the replay PIN: 10151934. The replay will remain available through March 18, 2021. A recording of the call - in MP3 format - will also be available for playback on the "Investors" section of the Genie Energy website.

Investors can sign up through the Genie Energy website to have earnings releases and other press releases e-mailed directly to them.

ABOUT GENIE ENERGY LTD.
Genie Energy Ltd. (NYSE: GNE, GNEPRA), is a global provider of energy services. The Genie Retail Energy division supplies electricity, including electricity from renewable resources, and natural gas to residential and small business customers in the United States. The Genie Retail Energy International division supplies customers in Europe and Asia. The Genie Energy Services division includes Diversegy, a commercial and industrial brokerage and consultative services company, and Genie Solar Energy and Prism Solar, which design, supply and install commercial solar solutions. For more information, visit Genie.com.

In this press release, all statements that are not purely about historical facts, including, but not limited to, those in which we use the words "believe," "anticipate," "expect," "plan," "intend," "estimate, "target" and similar expressions, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. While these forward-looking statements represent our current judgment of what may happen in the future, actual results may differ materially from the results expressed or implied by these statements due to numerous important factors, including, but not limited to, those described in our most recent report on SEC Form 10-K (under the headings "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations"), which may be revised or supplemented in subsequent reports on SEC Forms 10-Q and 8-K. We are under no obligation, and expressly disclaim any obligation, to update the forward-looking statements in this press release, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

FOOTNOTES:

1 Adjusted EBITDA for all periods presented is a non-GAAP measure. The 'Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures' at the end of this release provides an explanation of Adjusted EBITDA and reconciliations to its most directly comparable GAAP measures.

2Genie Energy formerly accounted for its investments in Orbit Energy, its joint venture operating in the U.K., under the equity method of accounting prior to Genie's purchase of the joint venture's outstanding interest. Under the equity method, Genie Energy recorded its share in the net income or loss of the venture. Therefore, revenue generated and expenses incurred were not reflected in Genie Energy's consolidated revenue and expenses. Orbit Energy's customers were included in metrics regarding its global customer base for all periods presented. To reflect Genie's purchase of the outstanding interest in Orbit Energy, Genie began to consolidate Orbit's results in its financial reporting under the Genie Retail Energy International (GRE International) segment effective October 8, 2020.

3Pro forma results for all periods presented are non-GAAP measures intended to provide useful information that supplement the core operating results in accordance with GAAP of the relevant segment. Please refer to the 'Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures' at the end of this release for an explanation of the pro forma results as well as for reconciliations to their most directly comparable GAAP measures.

GENIE ENERGY LTD.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS



December 31


(in thousands, except per share amounts)


2020



2019


ASSETS







CURRENT ASSETS:







Cash and cash equivalents


$

36,913



$

31,242


Restricted cash—short-term



6,271




6,792


Marketable equity securities



5,089





Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $8,793 and $2,631 at December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively



60,778




49,822


Inventory



16,930




16,632


Prepaid expenses



4,633




6,318


Other current assets



3,206




2,133


TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS



133,820




112,939


Property and equipment, net


...

259




3,607


Goodwill



25,929




12,135


Other intangibles, net



11,645




6,837


Investment in equity method investees



747




675


Restricted cash—long-term






520


Deferred income tax assets, net



4,882




12,154


Other assets



10,057




7,377


TOTAL ASSETS


$

187,339



$

156,244


LIABILITIES AND EQUITY









CURRENT LIABILITIES:









Loans payable


$

1,453



$

921


Trade accounts payable



43,005




24,387


Accrued expenses



42,762




26,116


Contract liability



5,609




13,426


Income taxes payable



1,893




1,591


Due to IDT Corporation



257




381


Short-term revolving line of credit






2,514


Other current liabilities



2,494




2,820


TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES



97,473




72,156


Long-term notes payable






777


Other liabilities



3,787




2,381


TOTAL LIABILITIES



101,260




75,314


Commitments and contingencies









EQUITY:









Genie Energy Ltd. stockholders' equity:









Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; authorized shares – 10,000:









Series 2012-A, designated shares – 8,750; at liquidation preference, consisting of 2,322 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020 and 2019



19,743




19,743


Class A common stock, $0.01 par value; authorized shares – 35,000; 1,574 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020 and 2019



16




16


Class B common stock, $0.01 par value; authorized shares – 200,000; 25,966 and 25,785 shares issued and 24,646 and 24,755 shares outstanding at December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively



260




258


Additional paid-in capital



140,746




139,615


Treasury stock, at cost, consisting of 1,320 and 1,030 shares of Class B common at December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively



(9,839)




(7,675)


Accumulated other comprehensive income



3,827




2,519


Accumulated deficit



(56,658)




(59,671)


Total Genie Energy Ltd. stockholders' equity



98,095




94,805


Noncontrolling interests:









Noncontrolling interests



(12,016)




(13,875)


TOTAL EQUITY



86,079




80,930


TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY


$

187,339



$

156,244


GENIE ENERGY LTD.


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS





Year ended December 31,

(in thousands, except per share data)


2020



2019


REVENUES:







Electricity


$

311,578



$

263,091


Natural gas



41,881




39,926


Other



25,853




12,274


Total revenues



379,312




315,291


Cost of revenues



281,627




232,392


GROSS PROFIT



97,685




82,899


OPERATING EXPENSES AND LOSSES:









Selling, general and administrative (i)



76,951




72,674


Impairment of assets



1,397




400


Income from operations



19,337




9,825


Interest income



190




448


Interest expense



(328)




(530)


Equity in the net loss in equity method investees



(1,443)




(4,830)


Gain on acquisition of a subsidiary



5,473





Other income, net



639




1,066


Income before income taxes



23,868




5,979


Provision for income taxes



(8,314)




(4,600)


NET INCOME



15,554




1,379


Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests



(2,399)




2,796


NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO GENIE ENERGY LTD.



13,155




4,175


Dividends on preferred stock



(1,481)




(1,481)


NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO GENIE ENERGY LTD. COMMON STOCKHOLDERS


$

11,674



$

2,694











Earnings per share attributed to Genie Energy Ltd. common stockholder









Basic


$

0.45



$

0.10


Diluted


$

0.44



$

0.10











Weighted-average number of shares used in the calculation of earnings per share









Basic



26,109




26,607


Diluted



26,813




27,464











Dividends declared per common share


$

0.33



$

0.30


(i) Stock-based compensation included in selling, general and administrative expenses


$

1,134



$

1,102


GENIE ENERGY LTD.


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS





Year ended December 31,

(in thousands)


2020



2019









OPERATING ACTIVITIES







Net income


$

15,554



$

1,379


Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:









Depreciation and amortization



3,548




3,627


Deferred income taxes



7,272




3,471


Provision for doubtful accounts receivable



3,734




658


Impairment of assets



1,397




400


Stock-based compensation



1,134




1,102


Equity in the net loss of equity method investees



1,443




4,830


Loss on sale disposal of assets, net



262





Gain on consolidation of subsidiary



(5,473)





Unrealized gain on marketable equity securities and investment



(348)





Gain on deconsolidation of subsidiaries



(98)





Change in assets and liabilities, net of effect of acquisition:









Trade accounts receivable



(6,681)




(12,041)


Inventory



(298)




(6,739)


Prepaid expenses



1,714




(124)


Other current assets and other assets



(3,208)




1,137


Trade accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities



15,950




5,506


Contract liability



(12,185)




12,271


Due to IDT Corporation



(124)




147


Income taxes payable



302




128


Net cash provided by operating activities



23,119




15,752


INVESTING ACTIVITIES









Capital expenditures



(167)




(404)


Investments in notes receivable






(214)


Proceeds from sale of assets



2,672





Purchase of marketable equity security and investment



(5,000)





Cash acquired from acquisition of Shoreditch, net of cash payment



958





Payment for acquisition of Lumo Energia, net of cash acquired






(2,044)


Repayment of notes receivable



12




124


Investments in equity method investees



(1,502)




(3,235)


Net cash used in investing activities



(3,027)




(5,773)


FINANCING ACTIVITIES









Dividends paid



(10,142)




(9,595)


Purchases of Class B common stock



(1,704)




(5,584)


Repayment of short-term debt—Lumo Energia






(2,260)


Repayment of notes payable



(867)




(45)


Proceeds from exercise of stock options



28




1,407


Proceeds from revolving line of credit



1,000





Repayment of revolving line of credit



(3,514)





Proceeds from loan



1,395




921


Repayment of loan payable



(930)





Repurchases of Class B common stock from employees



(460)




(467)


Net cash used in financing activities



(15,194)




(15,623)


Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash



(268)




1


Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash



4,630




(5,643)


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of year



38,554




44,197


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of year


$

43,184



$

38,554


SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION









Cash payments made for interest


$

333



$

529


Cash payments made for income taxes


$

741



$

702


Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures for the Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2020

In addition to disclosing financial results that are determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP), Genie Energy also disclosed for the fourth quarter and full year 2020, as well as for comparable periods, pro forma revenue and income (loss) from operations for its Genie Retail Energy International (GRE International) segment and, for on a consolidated basis and for all segments, Adjusted EBITDA, which are non-GAAP measures. Generally, a non-GAAP financial measure is a numerical measure of a company's performance, financial position, or cash flows that either excludes or includes amounts that are not normally excluded or included in the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP.

Genie Energy's measures of pro forma results consist of the corresponding GAAP metric with the addition of the corresponding results for Orbit Energy, the company's joint venture operating in the United Kingdom. GAAP results for Orbit Energy are accounted for under the equity method of accounting. Under this method, Genie Energy records its share in the net income or loss of the venture. Therefore, revenue generated, expenses incurred and income (loss) from operations are not reflected in Genie Energy's consolidated revenue and expenses (although Orbit Energy's customers are included in metrics regarding our customer base). Pro forma results are calculated by adding the result for Orbit Energy to its corresponding GAAP result. Pro forma results are provided for the third quarter 2020 and third quarter 2019 to supplement the following results: revenue of the Genie Retail Energy International segment; and loss from operations for the Genie Retail Energy International segment.

Genie Energy's measure of Adjusted EBITDA consists of gross profit less selling, general and administrative expense, exploration expense and equity in the net loss of in equity method investees, net, plus depreciation, amortization and stock-based compensation (which are included in selling, general and administrative expense). Another way of calculating Adjusted EBITDA is to start with income from operations and add depreciation, amortization, stock-based compensation and impairment of goodwill and subtract equity in net loss in equity method investees, net.

Management believes that Genie Energy's pro forma results and Adjusted EBITDA provide useful information to both management and investors by excluding certain expenses that may not be indicative of Genie Energy's or the relevant segment's core operating results. Management uses the pro forma results and Adjusted EBITDA, among other measures, as relevant indicators of core operational strengths in its financial and operational decision making.

Pro forma revenue and pro forma income (loss) from operations are used specifically to evaluate the performance of its GRE International division. Management also used Adjusted EBITDA to evaluate operating performance in relation to Genie Energy's competitors. Disclosure of these non-GAAP financial measure may be useful to investors in evaluating performance and allows for greater transparency to the underlying supplemental information used by management in its financial and operational decision-making. In addition, Genie Energy has historically reported Adjusted EBITDA and believes it is commonly used by readers of financial information in assessing performance. Therefore, the inclusion of comparative numbers provides consistency in financial reporting at this time.

The pro forma results facilitate evaluation of the results of GRE International as if the results of its U.K joint venture, Orbit Energy, were fully consolidated, which provides useful information regarding the size, growth and financial performance of GRE International businesses in aggregate. In contrast, GAAP results only include the company's equity in the results of the operations of its U.K. venture.

Management refers to pro forma results and Adjusted EBITDA, as well as the GAAP measures revenue, gross profit, income (loss) from operations and net income (loss), on a segment and/or consolidated level to facilitate internal and external comparisons to the segments' and Genie Energy's historical operating results, in making operating decisions, for budget and planning purposes, and to form the basis upon which management is compensated.

Although depreciation and amortization are considered operating costs under GAAP, they primarily represent the non-cash current period allocation of costs associated with long-lived assets acquired or constructed in prior periods. While Genie Energy's oil and gas exploration business may be capital intensive, Genie Energy does not expect to incur significant depreciation or depletion expense for the foreseeable future. Genie Energy's operating results exclusive of depreciation and amortization is therefore a useful indicator of its current performance.

Stock-based compensation recognized by Genie Energy and other companies may not be comparable because of the various valuation methodologies, subjective assumptions and the variety of types of awards that are permitted under GAAP. Stock-based compensation is excluded from Genie Energy's calculation of Adjusted EBITDA because management believes this allows investors to make more meaningful comparisons of the operating results of Genie Energy's core business with the results of other companies. However, stock-based compensation will continue to be a significant expense for Genie Energy for the foreseeable future and an important part of employees' compensation that impacts their performance.

Impairment of goodwill is a component of (loss) income from operations that is excluded from the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA. The impairment of goodwill is primarily dictated by events and circumstances outside the control of management that trigger an impairment analysis. While there may be similar charges in other periods, the nature and magnitude of these charges can fluctuate markedly and do not reflect the performance of Genie Energy's continuing operations.

Pro forma revenue and pro forma income (loss) from operations as well as Adjusted EBITDA should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, or superior to, revenue, gross profit, income from operations, cash flow from operating activities, net income, basic and diluted earnings per share or other measures of liquidity and financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. In addition, Genie Energy's measurements of pro forma revenue, pro forma income (loss) from operations and Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Following are the reconciliations of GRE International's pro forma results and Adjusted EBITDA to its most directly comparable GAAP measure. Pro forma revenue for the GRE International segment is reconciled to the segment's revenue, and GRE International's pro forma loss from operations is reconciled to the segment's loss from operation. Adjusted EBITDA is reconciled to income from operations for Genie Energy's reportable segments and net income for Genie Energy on a consolidated basis.

Reconciliation of pro forma GRE International revenue and loss from operations














Genie Retail Energy International (GREI) Segment Results










(results in millions)


4Q20


4Q19


2020


2019















GREI segment revenue


$ 31.8


$ 5.8


$ 49.6


$ 16.6



plus

Orbit Energy revenue


$ 1.8


$ 16.3


$ 51.4


$ 30.8



Pro forma GREI segment revenue


$ 33.6


$ 22.2


$ 101.1


$ 47.4















GREI segment loss from operations


$ (2.9)


$ (3.2)


$ (7.6)


$ (8.1)



plus

Orbit Energy loss from operations


$ (0.2)


$ (2.6)


$ (9.8)


$ (11.4)



Pro forma GREI segment loss from operations


$ (3.1)


$ (6.4)


$ (17.4)


$ (19.5)














Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA



Total


GRE

GES

GREI

CORP

Three months ended December 31, 2020 (4Q20)







Net loss attributable to Genie Energy Limited

$ (1,369)






Net income attributable to non-controlling interests

3,425






Net income

$ 2,056






Provision for income taxes

2,752






Gain on acquisition of subsidiary

(5,473)






Other income, net

(251)






Interest income

(59)






Interest Expense

139






Equity in the net income of equity method investees

(255)






Income from operations

$ (1,092)


$ 5,100

$ (982)

$ (2,931)

$ (2,280)

Add:








Stock-based compensation

(203)


(40)

-

42

(205)


Depreciation and amortization

1,329


118

11

1,138

62


Impairment

404


-

404

-

-

Subtract:








Equity in the net income of equity method investees

(255)


-

-

-

(255)

Adjusted EBITDA

$ 693


$ 5,179

$ (566)

$ (1,751)

$ (2,168)



































Total


GRE

GES

GREI

CORP

Three months ended September 30, 2020 (3Q20)







Net income attributable to Genie Energy Limited

$ 6,728






Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests

(531)






Net income

$ 6,197






Provision for income taxes

2,406






Other income, net

(291)






Interest expense

48






Interest income

(21)






Equity in the net loss of equity method investees

146






Income from operations

$ 8,485


$ 12,333

$ (719)

$ (1,574)

$ (1,555)

Add:








Stock-based compensation

447


172


68

207


Depreciation and amortization

670


117

11

527

15


Impairment






-

Subtract:








Equity in the net loss of equity method investees

146





146

Adjusted EBITDA

$ 9,456


$ 12,622

$ (708)

$ (979)

$ (1,479)



















Total


GRE

GES

GREI

CORP

Three months ended December 31, 2019 (4Q19)







Net income attributable to Genie Energy Limited

$ 324






Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests

1312






Net income

$ (988)






Provision for income taxes

1,458






Other income, net

(919)






Interest expense

150






Interest income

(102)






Equity in the net loss of equity method investees

$ 2,724






Income from operations

$ 2,323


$ 8,235

$ (1,183)

$ (3,222)

$ (1,507)

Add:








Stock-based compensation

(4)


117


(226)

105


Depreciation and amortization

821


175

244

387

15


Impairment

400



400


-

Subtract:








Equity in the net loss of equity method investees

2724




2,501

223

Adjusted EBITDA

$ 816


$ 8,527

$ (539)

$ (5,562)

$ (1,610)











Total


GRE

GES

GREI

CORP

Twelve months ended December 31, 2020 (YTD 2020)







Net income attributable to Genie Energy Limited

$ 13,155






Net income attributable to non-controlling interests

2,399






Net income

$ 15,554






Provision for income taxes

8,315






Gain on acquisition of a subsidiary

(5,473)






Other income, net

(640)






Interest income

(190)






Interest expense

328






Equity in the net loss of equity method investees

1,443






Income from operations

$ 19,337


$ 36,408

$ (2,471)

$ (7,632)

$ (6,968)

Add:








Stock-based compensation

1,129


463

-

161

505


Depreciation and amortization

3,548


465

326

2,650

107


Impairment

1,397


-

1,397

-

-

Subtract:








Equity in the net loss (income) of equity method investees

1,443


-

-

1,502

(59)

Adjusted EBITDA

$ 23,967


$ 37,336

$ (748)

$ (6,323)

$ (6,297)











Total


GRE

GES

GREI

CORP

Twelve months ended December 31, 2019 (YTD 2019)







Net income attributable to Genie Energy Limited

$ 4,175






Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests

(2,796)






Net income

$ 1,379






Provision for income taxes

4,600






Other income, net

(1,066)






Interest expense

530






Interest income

(448)






Equity in the net loss of equity method investees

4,830






Income (loss) from operations

$ 9,825


$ 27,176

$ (2,895)

$ (8,133)

$ (6,323)

Add:








Stock-based compensation

1,102


456


56

590


Depreciation and amortization

3,589


703

1,008

1,819

59


Impairment of goodwill

400



400



Subtract:








Equity in the net loss of equity method investees

4,830




4,440

390

Adjusted EBITDA

$ 10,086


$ 28,335

$ (1,487)

$ (10,698)

$ (6,064)

Cision
Cision

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SOURCE Genie Energy Ltd.