By Barbara Lewis
LUXEMBOURG (Reuters) - European Union environment ministers on Monday agreed to German demands to scrap an agreement to cap EU car emissions that Berlin argued would cost jobs and damage its premium auto makers.
After months of forceful lobbying from Germany, the ministers from the 28 EU member states agreed to reopen a deal sealed in June, but said they would work to secure it in weeks, not months.
German carmakers Daimler (GER:DAI) and BMW (GER:BMW) produce heavier and less fuel-efficient vehicles than those from firms such as Italy's Fiat (MIL:F), meaning they would find it challenging to meet a proposed EU cap on carbon emissions of 95 grams per kilometre for all new cars from 2020, analysts say.
"It's not a fight over principles but how we bind the necessary clarity in climate protection with the required flexibility and competitiveness to protect the car industry in Europe," Germany's Environment Minister Peter Altmaier said.
"I am convinced we can find such a solution. We can find it in the next weeks," he said.
EU Climate Commissioner Connie Hedegaard told reporters she was disappointed that agreement on implementing a target first laid out five years ago had been blocked.
"It is not a terrific thing that we could not conclude on cars," she said.
She also said flexibility was limited and a German proposal to delay full implementation of the 95 gram target for four years to 2024 was not acceptable.
Environment campaigners say Germany is abusing the EU's democratic process, throwing away the chance to make European cars more energy efficient and to reduce the bloc's dependency on oil imports.
British-based consultancy Cambridge Econometrics researched how much Europe would save on oil imports if the 95 g/km target was implemented across the EU fleet. It found the EU as a whole would save around 70 billion euros (59.3 billion pounds) per year, while Germany would save 9 billion euros in fuel bills.
"It's an unacceptable price, which will be paid by every European driver in higher fuel bills, by the planet that will warm quicker and potentially by Europe's auto sector that will be less competitive," Greg Archer, a programme manager at campaign group Transport & Environment, said.
"The deal struck in June was a reasonable political compromise. Now we go back to the drawing board."
Although Germany managed to get the support of other EU ministers on Monday, many member states have voiced unease at the manner in which Berlin blocked the deal.
Sweden's Environment Minister Lena Ek said the risk was that further delays could hold back adoption of the rules until 2015 because of impending European Parliament elections next year and the appointment of new commissioners.
Germany would bear "a very heavy responsibility", she told reporters.
As well as seeking to protect its carmakers, Germany also wants to avoid the car emissions law complicating its decision on forming a new governing coalition.
The German Greens are strongly in favour of cutting CO2 to 95 grams per kilometre, but Chancellor Angela Merkel and her conservatives support the German carmakers.
(Additional reporting by Tom Koerkemeier, Claire Davenport in Brussels and Markus Wacket in Berlin; Editing by Pravin Char and David Evans)