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Green Plains Reports First Quarter 2022 Financial Results

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Green Plains Inc.
Green Plains Inc.

Results for the First Quarter of 2022 and Outlook for Remainder of 2022:

  • First quarter EPS of ($1.16) per diluted share, compared to ($0.17) for the same period in the prior year

  • Adjusted EBITDA of ($27.8) million compared to $15.4 million for the same period in the prior year

  • Consolidated crush margin of ($0.07) per gallon for the first quarter

  • Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and marketable securities of $629.2 million with $45.0 million available under a committed credit facility

  • Plant modernization and upgrade programs completed, returning platform to full utilization rate capability

  • 2022 outlook improving based on current forward ethanol crush margins

OMAHA, Neb., May 02, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Green Plains Inc. (NASDAQ:GPRE) today announced financial results for the first quarter of 2022. Net loss attributable to the company was $61.5 million, or ($1.16) per diluted share compared to a net loss of $6.5 million or ($0.17) per diluted share, for the same period in 2021. Revenues were $781.4 million for the first quarter of 2022 compared with $553.6 million for the same period last year.

“The consolidated crush margin in the first quarter was largely driven by industry overproduction and excess inventories of ethanol, rail shipping delays at our plants as well as forward sales of distillers grains in a rising market,” said Todd Becker, President and Chief Executive Officer. “Our quarter was also impacted by fixed cost absorption as we completed our plant modernization and upgrade programs, and replaced the York bins that collapsed in late November. I am happy to report that all plants can now operate at full run rates and we expect more normalized production going forward.”

“Looking forward to the remainder of 2022, we have seen a significant upward trend in margins across all products,” continued Becker. “Second quarter margins have improved over the past few months, and we have been able to participate in that upturn. As we were open to these higher margins, we have begun to take advantage of this opportunity. The third and fourth quarter margins have also turned positive. With a return to higher run rates, an improving fuel ethanol environment, strong renewable corn oil pricing and ongoing increases in protein economics, we believe we are on track to deliver stronger results going forward as we begin to see the benefit of our modernization and transformation programs across the platform. Low-carbon renewable corn oil continues to be in high demand from the rapidly expanding renewable diesel industry, supporting margin contributions from this valuable low-carbon feedstock.”

The company recently announced that it had achieved technological breakthroughs during the innovation trial at the Wood River biorefinery with both protein concentrations and renewable corn oil yields reaching record highs. The company is focused on building customer acceptance in higher-value markets, expanding and diversifying its customer base for proteins and ingredients and is working with a number of parties on product validation for 60% protein ingredients.

“The economic opportunity resulting from this breakthrough gives us confidence that we are on the right path to expand our margin opportunity over the long-term and we plan to transition our entire high-protein production capacity to 60% concentrations over time,” added Becker. “Our daily protein operations are running consistently at full capacity and rate, and our optimism has been emboldened by the recent successes witnessed at Wood River during our 60% protein trial. We anticipate completing our next three protein builds during the third and fourth quarters, allowing us to have approximately 50% of our platform maximizing our value through the production of innovative, sustainable ingredients once operating at rate.”

“Our financial position remains strong as we ended the first quarter with over $620 million in cash and marketable securities, and expect forward margins to add to that strength as we continue to make progress on our transformation,” concluded Becker. “Our transformation initiatives remain on track, with ongoing substantive customer and partner discussions across protein and ingredients, low-carbon renewable corn oil and clean sugar. We remain focused on execution and achieving additional milestones to deliver on our 2024-25 targets.”

Highlights and Recent Developments

  • Achieved 60% protein concentration, as fed, over the course of a month-long innovation trial at Green Plains Wood River, reaching as high as 63.1%, using Fluid Quip Technologies’ MSC™ system combined with biological solutions exclusive to Green Plains

  • Produced record-high yields, up to 1.4 pounds per bushel, of low-carbon renewable corn oil, a strategic feedstock to the fast-growing renewable diesel market, during the innovation trial, using Fluid Quip Technologies’ patented processes

  • Published second Sustainability Report providing updates on progress toward emissions, governance and other ESG goals

  • Announced Shenandoah, Iowa, biorefinery as the first location to deploy Fluid Quip Technologies’ Clean Sugar Technology™ at commercial scale

  • Achieved significant commercial progress on diversifying protein sales by expanding the number of customers, and completing first protein ingredient sale to an aquaculture customer in Asia

  • Announced Fluid Quip Technologies’ new patented DCO+™ technology upgrade which will be made widely available to the ethanol industry

Results of Operations
Green Plains sold 196.3 million gallons of ethanol during the first quarter of 2022, compared with 178.0 million gallons for the same period in 2021. The consolidated ethanol crush margin was ($14.2) million, or ($0.07) per gallon, for the first quarter of 2022, compared with $18.9 million, or $0.11 per gallon, for the same period in 2021. The consolidated ethanol crush margin is the ethanol production segment’s operating income before depreciation and amortization, which includes corn oil and Ultra-High Protein, plus intercompany storage, transportation, nonrecurring decommissioning costs and other fees, net of related expenses.

Consolidated revenues increased $227.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared with the same period in 2021, primarily due to higher prices for ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil and increased trading revenues within our agribusiness and energy services segment.

Operating loss increased $79.2 million and adjusted EBITDA decreased $43.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared with the same period last year, primarily due to decreased margins on ethanol production. Interest expense decreased $22.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared with the same period in 2021 due to the loss upon extinguishment of convertible notes of $22.1 million recorded during the prior year quarter. Income tax benefit was $1.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared with income tax expense of $1.9 million for the same period in 2021.

Segment Information
The company reports the financial and operating performance for the following three operating segments: (1) ethanol production, which includes the production of ethanol, including industrial-grade alcohol, distillers grains, Ultra-High Protein and corn oil, (2) agribusiness and energy services, which includes grain handling and storage, commodity marketing and merchant trading for company-produced and third-party ethanol, distillers grains, corn oil, natural gas and other commodities and (3) partnership, which includes fuel storage and transportation services. Intercompany fees charged to the ethanol production segment for storage and logistics services, grain procurement and product sales are included in the partnership and agribusiness and energy services segments and eliminated upon consolidation. Third-party costs of grain consumed and revenues from product sales are reported directly in the ethanol production segment.

GREEN PLAINS INC.

SEGMENT OPERATIONS

(unaudited, in thousands)

Three Months Ended
March 31,

2022

2021

% Var.

Revenues:

Ethanol production

$

637,553

$

423,722

50.5

%

Agribusiness and energy services

148,712

133,944

11.0

Partnership

19,100

20,406

(6.4

)

Intersegment eliminations

(23,930

)

(24,432

)

(2.1

)

$

781,435

$

553,640

41.1

%

Gross margin:

Ethanol production

$

(24,007

)

$

8,197

*

%

Agribusiness and energy services

14,273

17,870

(20.1

)

Partnership

19,100

20,406

(6.4

)

Intersegment eliminations

(440

)

(2,066

)

(78.7

)

$

8,926

$

44,407

(79.9

)

%

Depreciation and amortization:

Ethanol production

$

18,432

$

18,528

(0.5

)

%

Agribusiness and energy services

464

607

(23.6

)

Partnership

898

887

1.2

Corporate activities

605

659

(8.2

)

$

20,399

$

20,681

(1.4

)

%

Operating income (loss):

Ethanol production (1)

$

(51,158

)

$

(20,320

)

151.8

%

Agribusiness and energy services

10,408

13,346

(22.0

)

Partnership

11,809

12,871

(8.3

)

Intersegment eliminations

(440

)

(2,066

)

(78.7

)

Corporate activities (2)

(18,521

)

27,516

*

$

(47,902

)

$

31,347

*

%

Adjusted EBITDA:

Ethanol production (1)

$

(32,726

)

$

(1,789

)

*

%

Agribusiness and energy services

10,723

13,951

(23.1

)

Partnership

12,882

13,933

(7.5

)

Intersegment eliminations

(919

)

(2,066

)

(55.5

)

Corporate activities (2)

(17,780

)

28,214

*

EBITDA

(27,820

)

52,243

*

Gain on sale of assets, net

-

(36,893

)

*

Proportional share of EBITDA adjustments to equity method investees

45

44

2.3

Adjusted EBITDA

$

(27,775

)

$

15,394

*

%

(1) Includes an inventory lower of cost or net realizable value adjustment of $13.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022.

(2) Includes corporate expenses, offset by the gain on sale of assets of $36.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

* Percentage variances not considered meaningful


GREEN PLAINS INC.

SELECTED OPERATING DATA

(unaudited, in thousands)

Three Months Ended
March 31,

2022

2021

% Var.

Ethanol production

Ethanol sold (gallons)

196,348

178,000

10.3

%

Distillers grains sold (equivalent dried tons)

516

465

11.0

Corn oil sold (pounds)

59,295

46,563

27.3

Corn consumed (bushels)

68,304

62,505

9.3

Agribusiness and energy services (1)

Domestic ethanol sold (gallons)

181,725

178,820

1.6

Export ethanol sold (gallons)

51,260

67,735

(24.3

)

232,985

246,555

(5.5

)

Partnership

Storage and throughput (gallons)

197,247

178,976

10.2

(1) Includes gallons from the ethanol production segment


GREEN PLAINS INC.

CONSOLIDATED CRUSH MARGIN

(unaudited, in thousands except per gallon amounts)

Three Months Ended
March 31,

Three Months Ended
March 31,

2022

2021

2022

2021

($ per gallon produced)

Ethanol production operating loss

$

(51,158

)

$

(20,320

)

$

(0.26

)

$

(0.11

)

Depreciation and amortization

18,432

18,528

0.10

0.10

Total adjusted ethanol production

(32,726

)

(1,792

)

(0.16

)

(0.01

)

Intercompany fees, net:

Storage and logistics (partnership)

12,128

13,246

0.06

0.07

Marketing and agribusiness fees (1)
(agribusiness and energy services)

6,384

7,423

0.03

0.05

Consolidated ethanol crush margin

$

(14,214

)

$

18,877

$

(0.07

)

$

0.11

(1) For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, includes certain nonrecurring decommissioning and nonethanol operations costs of $1.9 million and $3.5 million, respectively.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
On March 31, 2022, Green Plains had $629.2 million in total cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and marketable securities, and $45.0 million available under a committed revolving credit facility, which is subject to restrictions and other lending conditions. Total debt outstanding at March 31, 2022 was $903.8 million, including $310.2 million outstanding debt under working capital revolvers and other short-term borrowing arrangements and $58.4 million of non-recourse debt related to Green Plains Partners, net of debt issuance costs.

Conference Call Information
On May 2, 2022 Green Plains Inc. and Green Plains Partners LP will host a joint conference call at 11 a.m. Eastern time (10 a.m. Central time) to discuss first quarter 2022 operating results for each company. Domestic and international participants can access the conference call by dialing 877.711.2374 and 281.542.4862, respectively, and referencing conference ID 4449669. The company advises participants to call at least 10 minutes prior to the start time. Alternatively, the conference call, transcript and presentation will be accessible on Green Plains’ website at https://investor.gpreinc.com/events-presentations.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Management uses adjusted EBITDA, segment EBITDA and consolidated ethanol crush margins to measure the company’s financial performance and to internally manage its businesses. EBITDA is defined as earnings before interest expense, income tax expense, depreciation and amortization excluding the change in right-of-use assets. Adjusted EBITDA includes adjustments related to our proportional share of EBITDA adjustments of our equity method investees, gains and losses related to the sale of assets, and noncash goodwill impairment. Management believes these measures provide useful information to investors for comparison with peer and other companies. These measures should not be considered alternatives to net income or segment operating income, which are determined in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). These non-GAAP calculations may vary from company to company. Accordingly, the company’s computation of adjusted EBITDA, segment EBITDA and consolidated ethanol crush margins may not be comparable with similarly titled measures of another company.

About Green Plains Inc.
Green Plains Inc. (NASDAQ:GPRE) is a leading biorefining company focused on the development and utilization of fermentation, agricultural and biological technologies in the processing of annually renewable crops into sustainable value-added ingredients. This includes the production of cleaner low carbon biofuels, renewable feedstocks for advanced biofuels and high purity alcohols for use in cleaners and disinfectants. Green Plains is an innovative producer of Ultra-High Protein and novel ingredients for animal and aquaculture diets to help satisfy a growing global appetite for sustainable protein. The Company also owns a 48.9% limited partner interest and a 2.0% general partner interest in Green Plains Partners LP. For more information, visit www.gpreinc.com.

About Green Plains Partners LP
Green Plains Partners LP (NASDAQ:GPP) is a fee-based Delaware limited partnership formed by Green Plains Inc. to provide fuel storage and transportation services by owning, operating, developing and acquiring ethanol and fuel storage terminals, transportation assets and other related assets and businesses. For more information about Green Plains Partners, visit www.greenplainspartners.com.

Forward-Looking Statements
This news release includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, as amended. Forward-looking statements reflect management’s current views, which are subject to risks and uncertainties including, but not limited to, anticipated financial and operating results, plans and objectives that are not historical in nature. These statements may be identified by words such as “believe,” “expect,” “may,” “should,” “will” and similar expressions. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied include: disruption caused by health epidemics, such as the coronavirus outbreak, competition in the industries in which Green Plains operates; commodity market risks, financial market risks; counterparty risks; risks associated with changes to federal policy or regulation, including changes to tax laws; risks related to closing and achieving anticipated results from acquisitions and disposals. Other factors can include risks associated with Green Plains’ ability to realize higher margins anticipated from the company’s high protein feed initiative or to achieve anticipated savings from Project 24 and other risks discussed in Green Plains’ reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this news release. Green Plains assumes no obligation to update any such forward-looking statements, except as required by law.


Consolidated Financial Results

GREEN PLAINS INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands)

March 31,
2022

December 31,
2021

(unaudited)

ASSETS

Current assets

Cash and cash equivalents

$

509,195

$

426,220

Restricted cash

95,070

134,739

Marketable securities

24,942

124,859

Accounts receivable, net

142,041

119,961

Income tax receivable

646

911

Inventories

313,950

267,838

Other current assets

76,762

43,221

Total current assets

1,162,606

1,117,749

Property and equipment, net

940,912

893,517

Operating lease right-of-use assets

64,376

64,042

Other assets

84,607

84,447

Total assets

$

2,252,501

$

2,159,755

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

Current liabilities

Accounts payable

$

106,308

$

146,063

Accrued and other liabilities

46,979

56,980

Derivative financial instruments

64,620

43,244

Current operating lease liabilities

16,859

16,814

Short-term notes payable and other borrowings

310,190

173,418

Current maturities of long-term debt

35,701

35,285

Total current liabilities

580,657

471,804

Long-term debt

557,937

514,006

Long-term operating lease liabilities

50,233

49,795

Other liabilities

21,067

22,131

Total liabilities

1,209,894

1,057,736

Stockholders' equity

Total Green Plains stockholders' equity

890,525

950,500

Noncontrolling interests

152,082

151,519

Total stockholders' equity

1,042,607

1,102,019

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

2,252,501

$

2,159,755


GREEN PLAINS INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(unaudited, in thousands except per share amounts)

Three Months Ended
March 31,

2022

2021

% Var.

Revenues

Product

$

776,690

$

551,980

40.7

%

Services

4,745

1,660

*

Total revenues

781,435

553,640

41.1

Costs and expenses

Cost of goods sold (excluding depreciation and amortization expenses reflected below)

772,509

509,233

51.7

Operations and maintenance

5,566

5,754

(3.3

)

Selling, general and administrative

30,863

23,518

31.2

Gain on sale of assets, net

-

(36,893

)

*

Depreciation and amortization

20,399

20,681

(1.4

)

Total costs and expenses

829,337

522,293

58.8

Operating income (loss)

(47,902

)

31,347

*

Other income (expense)

Interest income

71

30

*

Interest expense

(8,806

)

(31,679

)

(72.2

)

Other, net

411

10

*

Total other expense

(8,324

)

(31,639

)

(73.7

)

Loss before income taxes and income (loss) from equity method investees

(56,226

)

(292

)

*

Income tax benefit (expense)

1,153

(1,862

)

*

Income (loss) from equity method investees

(799

)

175

*

Net loss

(55,872

)

(1,979

)

*

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

5,602

4,566

22.7

Net loss attributable to Green Plains

$

(61,474

)

$

(6,545

)

*

%

Earnings per share:

Net loss attributable to Green Plains - basic and diluted

$

(1.16

)

$

(0.17

)

Weighted average shares outstanding:

Basic and diluted

52,887

37,695

* Percentage variances not considered meaningful


GREEN PLAINS INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(unaudited, in thousands)

Three Months Ended
March 31,

2022

2021

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net loss

$

(55,872

)

$

(1,979

)

Noncash operating adjustments:

Depreciation and amortization

20,399

20,681

Gain on sale of assets, net

-

(36,303

)

Loss on extinguishment of debt

-

22,100

Other

2,859

5,257

Net change in working capital

(129,926

)

(46,737

)

Net cash used in operating activities

(162,540

)

(36,981

)

Cash flows from investing activities:

Purchases of property and equipment, net

(61,984

)

(31,524

)

Proceeds from the sale of assets

-

73,846

Proceeds from the sale of marketable securities

99,917

-

Net cash provided by investing activities

37,933

42,322

Cash flows from financing activities:

Net proceeds - long-term debt

43,823

219,165

Net proceeds (payments) - short-term borrowings

135,472

(4,680

)

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

-

191,134

Other

(11,382

)

(31,344

)

Net cash provided by financing activities

167,913

374,275

Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

43,306

379,616

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

560,959

274,810

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

$

604,265

$

654,426

Reconciliation of total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

509,195

$

446,833

Restricted cash

95,070

207,593

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

$

604,265

$

654,426


GREEN PLAINS INC.

RECONCILIATIONS TO NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

(unaudited, in thousands)

Three Months Ended
March 31,

2022

2021

Net loss

$

(55,872

)

$

(1,979

)

Interest expense (1)

8,806

31,679

Income tax expense (benefit)

(1,153

)

1,862

Depreciation and amortization (2)

20,399

20,681

EBITDA

(27,820

)

52,243

Gain on sale of assets, net

-

(36,893

)

Proportional share of EBITDA adjustments to equity method investees

45

44

Adjusted EBITDA

$

(27,775

)

$

15,394

(1) Interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 includes a loss upon extinguishment of convertible notes of $22.1 million.

(2) Excludes amortization of operating lease right-of-use assets and amortization of debt issuance costs.


Green Plains Inc. Contacts

Investors: Phil Boggs | Executive Vice President, Investor Relations | 402.884.8700 | phil.boggs@gpreinc.com

Media: Lisa Gibson | Communications Manager | 402.952.4971 | lisa.gibson@gpreinc.com