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Greenwald to Brazil: Give asylum to Snowden

Marco Sibaja, Associated Press

American journalist Glenn Greenwald, right, speaks to a congressional committee investigating reports based on documents, leaked by former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden, showing that Brazil was targeted by spy agencies from the U.S., Britain and Canada, at Congress in Brasilia, Brazil, Wednesday, Oct. 9, 2013. At left his Greenwald's partner David Miranda. Greenwald, the who broke the first stories about the NSA's global spy program, told the committee that the U.S. government "lies" when it says that the aim of the NSA spy program is to combat terrorism. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)

BRASILIA, Brazil (AP) -- The American journalist who broke the first stories about the National Security Agency's global spying program told Brazilian senators Wednesday that Brazil should give asylum to National Security Agency leaker Edward Snowden.

Glenn Greenwald spoke to senators investigating reports about U.S., British and Canadian spying on Latin America's largest nation.

When the senators pushed him to provide the Brazilian government access to the leaked documents at his disposal, Greenwald balked and said there should always be strict separation between governments and journalists.

Greenwald's partner, David Miranda, also appearing before the senators, added that the documents wouldn't be given to the Brazilian government because it would be an "act of treason" that could prevent Greenwald from ever entering the U.S. again.

Greenwald, a journalist for the Guardian newspaper in Britain, is based in Rio de Janeiro. He previously reported in collaboration with Brazilian media that President Dilma Rousseff's communications with aides were intercepted, that the NSA hacked the computer network of state-run oil company Petrobras, and that the NSA scoops up data on billions of emails and telephone calls flowing through Brazil, which is an important hub for trans-Atlantic fiber optic cables.

He told Brazilian senators that if they really want to better understand U.S. surveillance programs, they should push their government to provide political asylum to Snowden, who received asylum in Russia on Aug. 1. Snowden has not spoken publicly and his whereabouts remain secret.

Greenwald, who said he communicates via chat messages with Snowden several times a week, described Snowden's situation in Russia as "difficult." Greenwald said Snowden could more freely explain the U.S. program if he were in Brazil.

Brazil's Foreign Ministry has said it would not respond to a previous request for asylum Snowden made to Brazil and other many other nations, meaning it wasn't granted but also technically not rejected.

Greenwald told the senate committee that the U.S. government uses spying in large part to gain economic advantages.

"We now have several denunciations that show that the spy program is not about terrorism. It is about increasing the power of the American government," Greenwald told senators, speaking in Portuguese.

"There are many nations saying, 'We're glad to be learning all this information,' but almost nobody wants to protect the person responsible for letting the world discover it," Greenwald said, referring to Snowden and revelations based on the documents he leaked.

Greenwald added that if "a government is serious about defending privacy of data and freedom of the press," it would protect Snowden.

The fallout over the spy programs led Rousseff last month to cancel a planned visit to Washington, where she was to be the guest of honor for a state dinner.

In his most recent report, Greenwald said on a Globo network television show Sunday that Canadian spies targeted Brazil's Mines and Energy Ministry.

The report said the "metadata" of phone calls and emails from and to the Brazilian ministry were targeted by Canada's Communications Security Establishment. Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper said this week that he was "very concerned" about the allegations.