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Hapag-Lloyd sees calmer waters for shipping industry

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FILE PHOTO - A Hapag Lloyd container ship is loaded at the shipping terminal Altenwerder in Hamburg harbour, Germany August 15, 2016. REUTERS/Fabian Bimmer/File Photo
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By Vera Eckert and Maria Sheahan

HAMBURG (Reuters) - Demand for shipping is growing and could outpace the supply of new vessels next year, helping to boost profits at Hapag-Lloyd (HLAG.DE) as it also reaps the benefits of a recent merger, the German company said on Wednesday.

The shipping industry has been in the doldrums for years as a slump in trade following the global financial crisis coincided with the delivery of scores of new vessels ordered earlier.

That sparked a wave of deals as firms looked to cut costs, including Hapag-Lloyd's recent purchase of Gulf peer UASC to become the world's fifth biggest container shipping company.

However, the Hamburg-based firm's CEO Rolf Habben Jansen said on Wednesday that order books for new vessels were now relatively small compared with the economic growth that drives seaborne transport demand.

"The idle fleet is also small and demand is growing, that makes us cautiously optimistic," he told journalists after the company announced a surprise dividend and forecast a rise in annual earnings in 2018.

"We are confident that we can improve profitability further and reduce our debts, while the realisation of synergies (from the UASC deal) is also in focus," he added.

Habben Jansen upheld a January forecast for global container transport demand growth of 4.5 percent in 2018 and more than 4 percent in 2019.

Demand and supply could be balanced this year, even though the first half will see more ships joining the fleet. But supply may start falling short of demand from next year, he said.

Hapag-Lloyd said 85 to 90 percent of the $435 million in annual savings targeted over the long term from its tie-up with UASC were due to be realised this year.

Habben Jansen reiterated the savings could eventually exceed the target, but he would only be able to provide details in the second half of 2018.

Hapag-Lloyd said it would pay shareholders a dividend of 0.57 euro per share for 2017, after its core profit (EBITDA) nearly doubled to 1.06 billion euros ($1.3 billion).

It forecast a rise in EBITDA (earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation) and operating profit (EBIT).

A concern, however, is rising shipping fuel costs, driven by an increase in crude oil prices. Shipping fuel costs are currently around 27 percent above the $318 a tonne seen in 2017.

Hapag-Lloyd shares were up 2.3 percent to 30.72 euros at 1515 GMT.

(Reporting by Maria Sheahan and Vera Eckert; Editing by Susan Fenton and Mark Potter)