Harsco Corporation Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2020 Results

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Harsco Corporation
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  • Fourth Quarter GAAP Operating Income of $11 Million and GAAP Diluted Loss Per Share of $0.07 Including Anticipated Unusual Items

  • Q4 Adjusted Earnings Per Share of $0.12

  • Adjusted Q4 EBITDA Totaled $62 Million, an Increase Compared with Both the Sequential and Prior Year Quarters

  • Full Year 2020 GAAP Operating Income of $21 Million, Adjusted EBITDA of $238 Million, and GAAP Diluted Loss Per Share of $0.41

  • 2021 Adjusted EBITDA Expected to Increase to Between $275 Million and $295 Million, While Free Cash Flow is Projected to Increase to Between $30 Million and $50 Million

CAMP HILL, Pa., Feb. 25, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Harsco Corporation (NYSE: HSC) today reported fourth quarter and full year 2020 results. On a U.S. GAAP ("GAAP") basis, fourth quarter of 2020 diluted loss per share from continuing operations was $0.07 including acquisition integration and severance costs. Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations in the fourth quarter of 2020 were $0.12. These figures compare with fourth quarter of 2019 GAAP diluted earnings per share from continuing operations of $0.03 and adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations of $0.12.

GAAP operating income from continuing operations for the fourth quarter of 2020 was $11 million. Excluding unusual items, adjusted EBITDA totaled $62 million in the quarter, compared to the Company's previously provided guidance range of $58 million to $63 million.

“Against a challenging market backdrop in 2020, Harsco made significant progress on its strategic, operational and financial objectives,” said Chairman and CEO Nick Grasberger. “While the disruption caused by the global pandemic could not have been predicted, our teams executed well, with a consistent focus on our key priorities – operating safely, serving customers, preserving financial flexibility and executing our ESOL integration and operational recovery plan in Rail. The acquisition of ESOL has solidified our transformation to becoming a global, market-leading environmental solutions company, and our integration efforts to date have been on schedule and successful, thanks to the effort and professionalism of our team.”

“Looking to 2021, the ongoing integration of ESOL is anticipated to deliver significant value to our stakeholders, and we are optimistic that our key end-markets will show improvement during the year. Additionally, we plan to maintain our cost and capital discipline, while strengthening our financial flexibility. As a result, each of our business segments is projected to deliver improved operating results and we anticipate healthier cash generation in the year ahead. We look forward to completing the ESOL integration and delivering against our strategic goals, which will position us to continue our journey to a single-thesis environmental solutions company and to further benefit as the global economy recovers.”

Harsco Corporation—Selected Fourth Quarter Results

($ in millions, except per share amounts)

Q4 2020

Q4 2019

Q3 2020

Revenues

$

508

$

400

$

509

Operating income from continuing operations - GAAP

$

11

$

20

$

5

Diluted EPS from continuing operations - GAAP

$

(0.07

)

$

0.03

$

(0.10

)

Adjusted EBITDA - excluding unusual items

$

62

$

61

$

59

Adjusted EBITDA margin - excluding unusual items

12.3

%

15.2

%

11.6

%

Adjusted diluted EPS from continuing operations - excluding unusual items

$

0.12

$

0.12

$

0.08

Note: Adjusted earnings per share and adjusted EBITDA details presented throughout this release are adjusted for unusual items; in addition, adjusted earnings per share details are adjusted for acquisition-related amortization expense.

Consolidated Fourth Quarter Operating Results

Consolidated total revenues from continuing operations were $508 million, an increase of 27 percent compared with the prior-year quarter due to the acquisition of ESOL in April 2020. Foreign currency translation impacts on fourth quarter 2020 revenues were nominal compared with the prior-year period.

GAAP operating income from continuing operations was $11 million for the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with $20 million in the same quarter of last year. Meanwhile, adjusted EBITDA totaled $62 million in the fourth quarter of 2020 versus $61 million in the fourth quarter of 2019. This EBITDA change is attributable to improved results in the Environmental and Rail segments as well as ESOL contributions following its acquisition earlier in 2020, partially offset by the timing of Corporate spending and lower contributions from the legacy Clean Earth business as a result of the global COVID-19 pandemic.

Harsco Corporation—Selected 2020 Results

($ in millions, except per share amounts)

2020

2019

Revenues

$

1,864

$

1,504

Operating income from continuing operations - GAAP

$

21

$

104

Diluted EPS from continuing operations - GAAP

$

(0.41

)

$

0.35

Adjusted EBITDA - excluding unusual items

$

238

$

265

Adjusted EBITDA margin - excluding unusual items

12.8

%

17.6

%

Adjusted diluted EPS from continuing operations - excluding unusual items

$

0.49

$

0.90

Note: The financial information provided above and discussed below reflect that Industrial was reclassified as Discontinued Operations in 2019.

Consolidated 2020 Operating Results

Consolidated total revenues were $1.9 billion in 2020, compared to $1.5 billion in 2019, with the increase attributable to the acquisitions of Clean Earth (2019) and ESOL (2020) and revenue growth in Rail during the year. Rail revenues benefited from higher equipment revenues under multi-year contracts with domestic and international customers. Revenues in Environmental decreased compared with 2019 as services and product demand slowed in 2020 as a result of the pandemic. Foreign currency translation negatively impacted 2020 revenues by approximately $24 million compared with 2019.

GAAP operating income from continuing operations was $21 million in 2020, while GAAP operating income from continuing operations in 2019 was $104 million. Adjusted EBITDA was $238 million and $265 million for these years, respectively, with the change in adjusted results reflecting the demand impact from the pandemic, partially offset by additional contribution from acquisitions.

On a GAAP basis, the diluted loss per share from continuing operations in 2020 was $0.41, and this figure compares with diluted earnings per share in 2019 of $0.35. GAAP results included various unusual items including strategic and acquisition integration costs, in each year. Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations was $0.49 in 2020 compared with $0.90 in 2019.

Fourth Quarter Business Review

Environmental

($ in millions)

Q4 2020

Q4 2019

Q3 2020

Revenues

$

246

$

243

$

223

Operating income - GAAP

$

23

$

27

$

12

Adjusted EBITDA - excluding unusual items

$

52

$

51

$

40

Adjusted EBITDA margin - excluding unusual items

21.2

%

20.9

%

17.9

%

Environmental revenues totaled $246 million in the fourth quarter of 2020, a slight increase compared with $243 million in the prior-year quarter. The segment's GAAP operating income and adjusted EBITDA totaled $23 million and $52 million, respectively, in the fourth quarter of 2020. These figures compare with GAAP operating income of $27 million and adjusted EBITDA of $51 million in the prior-year period. The change in the segment's adjusted EBITDA relative to the prior-year quarter is principally attributable to higher demand for applied products and lower general and administrative spending, partially offset by a less favorable services mix and contract changes. Environmental's adjusted EBITDA margin was 21.2 percent in the fourth quarter of 2020.

Clean Earth

($ in millions)

Q4 2020

Q4 2019

Q3 2020

Revenues

$

185

$

82

$

194

Operating income - GAAP

$

3

$

9

$

9

Adjusted EBITDA - excluding unusual items

$

16

$

17

$

20

Adjusted EBITDA margin - excluding unusual items

8.6

%

20.5

%

10.4

%

Note: The 2019 financial information provided above and discussed below for Clean Earth does not include a corporate cost allocation and does not include ESOL.

Clean Earth revenues totaled $185 million in the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with $82 million in the prior-year quarter, with the increase attributable to the ESOL acquisition in the second quarter of 2020. Segment operating income was $3 million and adjusted EBITDA totaled $16 million in the fourth quarter of 2020. These figures compare with $9 million and $17 million, respectively, in the prior-year period. The year-on-year change in adjusted EBITDA reflects lower services demand and a less favorable business mix at legacy Clean Earth as a result of the pandemic and higher administrative costs (including a Corporate cost allocation) offset by the contributions from ESOL.

Rail

($ in millions)

Q4 2020

Q4 2019

Q3 2020

Revenues

$

77

$

75

$

93

Operating income (loss) - GAAP

$

1

$

(3

)

$

4

Adjusted EBITDA - excluding unusual items

$

3

$

(2

)

$

5

Adjusted EBITDA margin - excluding unusual items

3.3

%

(2.5

)%

5.8

%

Rail revenues increased 3 percent compared with the prior-year quarter to $77 million. This change reflects higher equipment revenues from multi-year supply contracts and higher contract services revenues, partially offset by lower aftermarket parts sales. The segment's operating income and adjusted EBITDA totaled $1 million and $3 million, respectively, in the fourth quarter of 2020. These figures compare with an operating loss of $3 million and adjusted EBITDA of $(2) million in the prior-year quarter. The EBITDA change year-on-year is attributable to lower manufacturing costs along with the above mentioned factors and a less favorable mix of equipment and parts sales.

Cash Flow

Net cash provided by operating activities totaled $12 million in the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with net cash used by operating activities of $50 million in the prior-year period. Free cash flow was $(8) million in the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with $28 million in the prior-year period. The change in free cash flow compared with the prior-year quarter is attributable to changes in net cash from operating activities after excluding transactional expenses and taxes in both periods and higher net capital expenditures. Further, free cash flow in the fourth quarter of 2020 was impacted by the timing of certain working capital items that were anticipated but were deferred into 2021.

For the full-year 2020, net cash provided by operating activities totaled $54 million and free cash flow was $2 million. In 2019, net cash provided by operating activities was nominal and free cash flow was $(32) million. The change in full-year free cash flow can be mainly attributed to lower capital spending in Environmental.

2021 Outlook

The Company's 2021 guidance anticipates that each of its three business segments will realize earnings improvement during the year. This outlook is supported by strong backlog positions that provide forward visibility, anticipated benefits from the Company's key business initiatives including the ESOL integration, and improving fundamentals in relevant end markets.

Environmental adjusted EBITDA is expected to increase due to higher services and applied products demand and benefits of growth initiatives, partially offset by higher SG&A spending.

Clean Earth adjusted EBITDA is projected to increase due to the full-year impact of ESOL ownership, underlying organic growth for hazardous material services and integration benefits, partially offset by an additional allocation of Corporate costs and investments which include various one-time expenditures (such as rebranding and IT integration).

Rail adjusted EBITDA is anticipated to increase as a result of higher demand for equipment and technology products as well as higher contract services contributions, partially offset by R&D and SG&A investments and lower aftermarket parts contributions.

Lastly, Corporate spending is expected to range from $33 million to $34 million for the year.

Summary Outlook highlights are as follows:

2021 Full Year Outlook

GAAP Operating Income

$93 - $113 million

Adjusted EBITDA

$275 - $295 million

GAAP Diluted Earnings Per Share

$0.26 - 0.42

Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share

$0.59 - 0.76

Free Cash Flow Before Growth Capital

$90 - $110 million

Free Cash Flow

$30 - $50 million

Net Interest Expense

$63 - $66 million

Net Capital Expenditures

$155 - $175 million

Effective Tax Rate, Excluding Any Unusual Items

36 - 38%


Q1 2021 Outlook

GAAP Operating Income

$8 - $14 million

Adjusted EBITDA

$52 - $58 million

GAAP Diluted Earnings Per Share

$(0.08) - 0.02

Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share

$0.01 - 0.10

Conference Call

The Company will hold a conference call today at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time to discuss its results and respond to questions from the investment community. The conference call will be broadcast live through the Harsco Corporation website at www.harsco.com. The Company will refer to a slide presentation that accompanies its formal remarks. The slide presentation will be available on the Company’s website.

The call can also be accessed by telephone by dialing (844) 467-8153 or (270) 855-8732. Enter Conference ID number 1046889. Listeners are advised to dial in at least five minutes prior to the call.

Forward-Looking Statements

The nature of the Company's business, together with the number of countries in which it operates, subject it to changing economic, competitive, regulatory and technological conditions, risks and uncertainties. In accordance with the "safe harbor" provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Company provides the following cautionary remarks regarding important factors that, among others, could cause future results to differ materially from the results contemplated by forward-looking statements, including the expectations and assumptions expressed or implied herein. Forward-looking statements contained herein could include, among other things, statements about management's confidence in and strategies for performance; expectations for new and existing products, technologies and opportunities; and expectations regarding growth, sales, cash flows, and earnings. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of such terms as "may," "could," "expect," "anticipate," "intend," "believe," "likely," "estimate," "outlook," "plan" or other comparable terms.

Factors that could cause actual results to differ, perhaps materially, from those implied by forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: (1) changes in the worldwide business environment in which the Company operates, including changes in general economic conditions or changes due to COVID-19 and governmental and market reactions to COVID-19; (2) changes in currency exchange rates, interest rates, commodity and fuel costs and capital costs; (3) changes in the performance of equity and bond markets that could affect, among other things, the valuation of the assets in the Company's pension plans and the accounting for pension assets, liabilities and expenses; (4) changes in governmental laws and regulations, including environmental, occupational health and safety, tax and import tariff standards and amounts; (5) market and competitive changes, including pricing pressures, market demand and acceptance for new products, services and technologies; (6) the Company's inability or failure to protect its intellectual property rights from infringement in one or more of the many countries in which the Company operates; (7) failure to effectively prevent, detect or recover from breaches in the Company's cybersecurity infrastructure; (8) unforeseen business disruptions in one or more of the many countries in which the Company operates due to political instability, civil disobedience, armed hostilities, public health issues or other calamities; (9) disruptions associated with labor disputes and increased operating costs associated with union organization; (10) the seasonal nature of the Company's business; (11) the Company's ability to successfully enter into new contracts and complete new acquisitions or strategic ventures in the time-frame contemplated, or at all; (12) the integration of the Company's strategic acquisitions; (13) potential severe volatility in the capital markets; (14) failure to retain key management and employees; (15) the amount and timing of repurchases of the Company's common stock, if any; (16) the outcome of any disputes with customers, contractors and subcontractors; (17) the financial condition of the Company's customers, including the ability of customers (especially those that may be highly leveraged, have inadequate liquidity or whose business is significantly impacted by COVID-19) to maintain their credit availability; (18) implementation of environmental remediation matters; (19) risk and uncertainty associated with intangible assets and (20) other risk factors listed from time to time in the Company's SEC reports. A further discussion of these, along with other potential risk factors, can be found in Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors," of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, together with those described in Item 1A, "Risk Factors," of the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2020. The Company cautions that these factors may not be exhaustive and that many of these factors are beyond the Company's ability to control or predict. Accordingly, forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a prediction of actual results. The Company undertakes no duty to update forward-looking statements except as may be required by law.

About Harsco

Harsco Corporation is a global market leader providing environmental solutions for industrial and specialty waste streams and innovative technologies for the rail sector. Based in Camp Hill, PA, the 13,000-employee company operates in more than 30 countries. Harsco’s common stock is a component of the S&P SmallCap 600 Index and the Russell 2000 Index. Additional information can be found at www.harsco.com.

HARSCO CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

Twelve Months Ended

December 31

December 31

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

2020

2019

2020

2019

Revenues from continuing operations:

Service revenues

$

410,581

$

298,015

$

1,432,290

$

1,088,627

Product revenues

97,763

101,772

431,574

415,115

Total revenues

508,344

399,787

1,863,864

1,503,742

Costs and expenses from continuing operations:

Cost of services sold

327,943

231,110

1,163,783

843,926

Cost of products sold

80,079

84,316

337,028

300,364

Selling, general and administrative expenses

86,708

65,866

327,932

252,970

Research and development expenses

626

1,614

3,246

4,824

Other expenses (income), net

1,720

(3,030

)

10,794

(2,621

)

Total costs and expenses

497,076

379,876

1,842,783

1,399,463

Operating income from continuing operations

11,268

19,911

21,081

104,279

Interest income

561

406

2,174

1,975

Interest expense

(16,293

)

(12,157

)

(59,689

)

(36,586

)

Unused debt commitment and amendment fees

(111

)

(1,920

)

(7,704

)

Defined benefit pension income (expense)

2,058

(1,327

)

7,229

(5,493

)

Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes and equity income

(2,406

)

6,722

(31,125

)

56,471

Income tax benefit (expense)

(1,861

)

(2,400

)

2,779

(20,214

)

Equity income of unconsolidated entities, net

10

122

186

273

Income (loss) from continuing operations

(4,257

)

4,444

(28,160

)

36,530

Discontinued operations:

Gain (loss) on sale of discontinued business

(90

)

41,155

18,281

569,135

Income (loss) from discontinued businesses

(1,513

)

3,573

(2,745

)

27,531

Income tax benefit (expense) related to discontinued businesses

452

(8,277

)

(9,351

)

(120,978

)

Income (loss) from discontinued operations

(1,151

)

36,451

6,185

475,688

Net income (loss)

(5,408

)

40,895

(21,975

)

512,218

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

(894

)

(1,666

)

(4,366

)

(8,299

)

Net income (loss) attributable to Harsco Corporation

$

(6,302

)

$

39,229

$

(26,341

)

$

503,919

Amounts attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders:

Income (loss) from continuing operations, net of tax

$

(5,151

)

$

2,778

$

(32,526

)

$

28,231

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

(1,151

)

36,451

6,185

475,688

Net income (loss) attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders

$

(6,302

)

$

39,229

$

(26,341

)

$

503,919

Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding

79,006

78,642

78,939

79,632

Basic earnings (loss) per common share attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders:

Continuing operations

$

(0.07

)

$

0.04

$

(0.41

)

$

0.35

Discontinued operations

(0.01

)

0.46

0.08

5.97

Basic earnings (loss) per share attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders

$

(0.08

)

$

0.50

$

(0.33

)

$

6.33

(a)

Diluted weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding

79,006

80,267

78,939

81,375

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders:

Continuing operations

$

(0.07

)

$

0.03

$

(0.41

)

$

0.35

Discontinued operations

(0.01

)

0.45

0.08

5.85

Diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders

$

(0.08

)

$

0.49

(a)

$

(0.33

)

$

6.19

(a)


(a)

Does not total due to rounding.


HARSCO CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)


(In thousands)

December 31
2020

December 31
2019

ASSETS

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

76,454

$

57,259

Restricted cash

3,215

2,473

Trade accounts receivable, net

407,390

309,990

Other receivables

34,253

21,265

Inventories

173,013

156,991

Current portion of contract assets

54,754

31,166

Prepaid expenses

56,099

42,355

Current portion of assets held-for-sale

22,093

Other current assets

10,645

9,220

Total current assets

815,823

652,812

Property, plant and equipment, net

668,209

561,786

Right-of-use assets, net

96,849

52,065

Goodwill

902,074

738,369

Intangible assets, net

438,565

299,082

Deferred income tax assets

15,274

14,288

Assets held-for-sale

32,029

Other assets

56,493

17,036

Total assets

$

2,993,287

$

2,367,467

LIABILITIES

Current liabilities:

Short-term borrowings

$

7,450

$

3,647

Current maturities of long-term debt

13,576

2,666

Accounts payable

218,039

176,755

Accrued compensation

45,885

37,992

Income taxes payable

3,499

18,692

Insurance liabilities

13,173

10,140

Current portion of advances on contracts

39,917

53,906

Current portion of operating lease liabilities

24,862

12,544

Current portion of liabilities of assets held-for-sale

11,344

Other current liabilities

171,554

137,208

Total current liabilities

537,955

464,894

Long-term debt

1,271,189

775,498

Insurance liabilities

15,083

18,515

Retirement plan liabilities

231,335

189,954

Advances on contracts

45,017

6,408

Operating lease liabilities

69,860

36,974

Liabilities of assets held-for-sale

12,152

Environmental liabilities

29,424

5,600

Deferred tax liabilities

40,653

24,242

Other liabilities

39,372

43,571

Total liabilities

2,279,888

1,577,808

HARSCO CORPORATION STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Common stock

144,288

143,400

Additional paid-in capital

204,078

200,595

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(645,741

)

(587,622

)

Retained earnings

1,797,759

1,824,100

Treasury stock

(843,230

)

(838,893

)

Total Harsco Corporation stockholders’ equity

657,154

741,580

Noncontrolling interests

56,245

48,079

Total equity

713,399

789,659

Total liabilities and equity

$

2,993,287

$

2,367,467


HARSCO CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)

Three Months Ended December 31

Twelve Months Ended December 31

(In thousands)

2020

2019

2020

2019

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net income (loss)

$

(5,408

)

$

40,895

$

(21,975

)

$

512,218

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided (used) by operating activities:

Depreciation

31,901

30,122

125,765

119,803

Amortization

9,216

6,651

33,937

18,592

Deferred income tax expense (benefit)

(1,231

)

(4,685

)

1,115

6,815

Equity in income of unconsolidated entities, net

(10

)

(122

)

(186

)

(273

)

Dividends from unconsolidated entities

216

216

125

Loss (gain) on sale from discontinued business

90

(41,155

)

(18,281

)

(569,135

)

Loss on early extinguishment of debt

5,314

Other, net

646

(423

)

310

1,764

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions and dispositions of businesses:

Accounts receivable

7,913

8,931

34,221

(3,464

)

Income tax refunds receivable from acquisition, reimbursable to seller

136

(11,032

)

Insurance receivable

195,000

195,000

Inventories

(480

)

993

(12,281

)

(42,484

)

Contract assets

(1,601

)

(16,526

)

(28,376

)

(21,795

)

Right-of-use assets

7,205

3,960

25,400

15,164

Accounts payable

(12,964

)

7,792

(14,452

)

13,407

Accrued interest payable

7,562

7,325

(2,422

)

14,723

Accrued compensation

1,126

(2,957

)

2,921

(15,759

)

Advances on contracts

(8,653

)

12,895

10,492

(4,172

)

Operating lease liabilities

(6,921

)

(3,821

)

(24,785

)

(14,740

)

Insurance liability

(195,000

)

(195,000

)

Income taxes payable - Gain on sale of discontinued businesses

(2,031

)

(90,567

)

(12,373

)

12,373

Retirement plan liabilities, net

(9,355

)

(5,222

)

(33,257

)

(24,022

)

Other assets and liabilities

(5,815

)

(4,278

)

(1,139

)

(24,617

)

Net cash provided (used) by operating activities

11,542

(50,192

)

53,818

(163

)

Cash flows from investing activities:

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

(41,128

)

(37,902

)

(120,224

)

(184,973

)

Purchase of businesses, net of cash acquired

(432,855

)

(623,495

)

Proceeds from sale of business, net

58,729

37,219

658,414

Proceeds from sales of assets

1,731

9,462

6,204

17,022

Expenditures for intangible assets

(148

)

(65

)

(317

)

(1,311

)

Purchase of equity method investment

(2,364

)

(2,364

)

Net proceeds (payments) from settlement of foreign currency forward exchange contracts

(11,055

)

5,820

(10,519

)

7,273

Payments for interest rate swap terminations

(2,758

)

Other investing activities, net

45

(152

)

Net cash provided (used) by investing activities

(50,555

)

33,680

(520,644

)

(132,192

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

Short-term borrowings, net

(100

)

(3,981

)

1,612

(5,398

)

Current maturities and long-term debt:

Additions

57,814

66,327

638,717

848,314

Reductions

(27,888

)

(57,004

)

(139,887

)

(661,620

)

Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests

(2,978

)

(1,609

)

(2,978

)

(4,712

)

Sale (purchase) of noncontrolling interests

(561

)

(561

)

4,026

Common stock acquired for treasury

(6,086

)

(31,838

)

Stock-based compensation - Employee taxes paid

(115

)

(32

)

(4,303

)

(11,234

)

Payment of contingent consideration

(2,342

)

Deferred financing costs

(199

)

(1,928

)

(11,272

)

Other financing activities, net

(4

)

(532

)

(1,372

)

(532

)

Net cash provided (used) by financing activities

26,168

(3,116

)

486,958

125,734

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash

6,372

1,441

(195

)

(793

)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash

(6,473

)

(18,187

)

19,937

(7,414

)

Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash, at beginning of period

86,142

77,919

59,732

67,146

Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash, at end of period

$

79,669

$

59,732

$

79,669

$

59,732


HARSCO CORPORATION
REVIEW OF OPERATIONS BY SEGMENT (Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

Three Months Ended

December 31, 2020 (b)

December 31, 2019 (b)

(In thousands)

Revenues

Operating
Income
(Loss)

Revenues

Operating
Income
(Loss)

Harsco Environmental

$

246,388

$

22,606

$

243,314

$

27,430

Harsco Clean Earth (a)

185,099

3,151

81,883

8,701

Harsco Rail

76,857

1,057

74,590

(3,239

)

Corporate

(15,546

)

(12,981

)

Consolidated Totals

$

508,344

$

11,268

$

399,787

$

19,911

Twelve Months Ended

Twelve Months Ended

December 31, 2020 (b)

December 31, 2019 (b)

(In thousands)

Revenues

Operating
Income
(Loss)

Revenues

Operating
Income
(Loss)

Harsco Environmental

$

914,445

$

59,006

$

1,034,847

$

112,298

Harsco Clean Earth (a)

619,588

16,096

169,522

20,009

Harsco Rail

329,831

20,219

299,373

23,708

Corporate

(74,240

)

(51,736

)

Consolidated Totals

$

1,863,864

$

21,081

$

1,503,742

$

104,279


(a)

The Company's acquisition of ESOL closed on April 6, 2020 and the Company's acquisition of Clean Earth closed on June 28, 2019.

(b)

The operating results of the former Harsco Industrial Segment have been reflected as discontinued operations in the Company's Consolidated Statement of Operations for all periods presented.


HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS TO DILUTED EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS AS REPORTED (Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

Twelve Months Ended

December 31

December 31

2020

2019

2020

2019

Diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations as reported

$

(0.07

)

0.03

$

(0.41

)

$

0.35

Corporate acquisition and integration costs (a)

0.09

0.09

0.61

0.31

Harsco Environmental Segment severance costs (b)

0.03

0.09

Corporate contingent consideration adjustments (c)

0.03

Corporate unused debt commitment and amendment fees (d)

0.02

0.09

Harsco Clean Earth Segment integration costs (e)

0.02

0.02

Harsco Environmental Segment contingent consideration adjustments (f)

(0.05

)

(0.10

)

Harsco Environmental Segment provision for doubtful accounts (g)

0.08

Harsco Rail Segment improvement initiative costs (h)

0.06

Harsco Environmental Segment site exit related (i)

(0.03

)

Deferred tax asset valuation allowance adjustment (j)

0.03

Harsco Clean Earth Segment severance costs (k)

0.01

0.02

Harsco Clean Earth Segment contingent consideration adjustments (l)

0.01

0.01

Corporate acquisition related tax benefit (m)

(0.03

)

Taxes on above unusual items (n)

(0.04

)

(0.03

)

(0.16

)

(0.08

)

Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations,
including acquisition amortization expense

0.04

(p)

0.06

0.19

(p)

0.74

Acquisition amortization expense, net of tax (o)

0.08

0.06

0.31

0.16

Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations

$

0.12

$

0.12

$

0.49

(p)

$

0.90


(a)

Costs at Corporate associated with supporting and executing the Company's growth strategy (Q4 2020 $6.9 million pre-tax; Full year 2020 $48.5 million pre-tax; Q4 2019 $7.3 million pre-tax; Full year 2019 $25.2 million pre-tax).

(b)

Harsco Environmental Segment severance costs (Q4 2020 $2.2 million pre-tax; Full year 2020 $7.4 million pre-tax).

(c)

Adjustment to contingent consideration related to the acquisition of Clean Earth recorded on Corporate (Q4 2020 $(0.1) pre-tax; Full year $2.3 million pre-tax). The Company adjusts operating income and Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations to exclude the impact of the change in fair value to the acquisition-related contingent consideration liability for acquisitions because it believes that the adjustment for this item more closely correlates the reported financial measures with the ordinary and ongoing course of the Company's operations.

(d)

Costs at Corporate associated with amending the Company's existing Senior Secured Credit Facilities to increase the net debt to consolidated adjusted EBITDA ratio covenant (Full year 2020 $1.9 million pre-tax; ) and costs at Corporate related to the unused bridge financing commitment and Term Loan B amendment (Full year 2019 $7.4 million pre-tax).

(e)

Costs incurred in the Harsco Clean Earth Segment related to the integration of ESOL (Q4 2020 $1.7 million pre-tax; Full year 2020 $1.9 million pre-tax).

(f)

Fair value adjustment to contingent consideration liability related to the acquisition of Altek (Q4 2019 $4.1 million pre-tax; Full year 2019 $8.5 million pre-tax).

(g)

Harsco Environmental Segment provision for doubtful accounts related to a customer in the U.K. entering administration (Full year 2019 $6.2 million pre-tax).

(h)

Costs associated with a productivity improvement initiative in the Harsco Rail Segment (Q4 2019 $0.2 million pre-tax; Full year 2019 $4.8 million pre-tax).

(i)

Harsco Environmental Segment site exit related (Full year 2019 $2.4 million pre-tax).

(j)

Adjustment of certain existing deferred tax asset valuation allowances as a result of a site exit in a certain jurisdiction in 2019 (Full year 2019 $2.8 million).

(k)

Harsco Clean Earth Segment severance costs recognized (Q4 2019 $0.6 million pre-tax; Full year 2019 $1.9 million pre-tax).

(l)

Fair value adjustment to contingent consideration liability acquired in conjunction with the acquisition of Clean Earth (Q4 and Full year 2019 $0.8 million pre-tax).

(m)

Acquisition related tax benefit recorded on Corporate assumed as part of the Clean Earth Acquisition (Q4 2020 $(0.1); Full year 2020 $2.7 million).

(n)

Unusual items are tax-effected at the global effective tax rate, before discrete items, in effect at the time the unusual item is recorded, except for unusual items from countries where no tax benefit can be realized, in which case a zero percent tax rate is used.

(o)

Acquisition amortization expense was $8.4 million pre-tax and $31.0 million pre-tax for Q4 and Full year 2020, respectively; and $6.0 million pre-tax and $15.5 million pre-tax for Q4 and Full year 2019, respectively.

(p)

Does not total due to rounding.

The Company’s management believes Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, is useful to investors because it provides an overall understanding of the Company’s historical and future prospects. Exclusion of unusual items permits evaluation and comparison of results for the Company’s core business operations, and it is on this basis that management internally assesses the Company’s performance. Exclusion of acquisition-related intangible asset amortization expense, the amount of which can vary by the timing, size and nature of the Company’s acquisitions, facilitates more consistent internal comparisons of operating results over time between the Company’s newly acquired and long-held businesses, and comparisons with both acquisitive and non-acquisitive peer companies. It is important to note that such intangible assets contribute to revenue generation and that intangible asset amortization related to past acquisitions will recur in future periods until such intangible assets have been fully amortized. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with GAAP.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS TO DILUTED LOSS PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS AS REPORTED (Unaudited)

Three
Months
Ended
September 30

2020

Diluted loss per share from continuing operations as reported

$

(0.10

)

Corporate acquisition and integration costs (a)

0.13

Corporate contingent consideration adjustments (b)

0.03

Corporate acquisition related tax benefit (c)

(0.04

)

Taxes on above unusual items (d)

(0.03

)

Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, including acquisition amortization expense

(f)

Acquisition amortization expense, net of tax (e)

0.08

Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations

$

0.08


(a)

Costs at Corporate associated with supporting and executing the Company's growth strategy ($10.6 million pre-tax).

(b)

Adjustment to contingent consideration related to the acquisition of Clean Earth recorded on Corporate ($2.4 million pre-tax). The Company adjusts operating income and Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations to exclude the impact of the change in fair value to the acquisition-related contingent consideration liability for acquisitions because it believes that the adjustment for this item more closely correlates the reported financial measures with the ordinary and ongoing course of the Company's operations.

(c)

Acquisition related tax benefit recorded on Corporate assumed as part of the Clean Earth Acquisition ($2.8 million).

(d)

Unusual items are tax-effected at the global effective tax rate, before discrete items, in effect at the time the unusual item is recorded, except for unusual items from countries where no tax benefit can be realized, in which case a zero percent tax rate is used.

(e)

Acquisition amortization expense was $8.3 million pre-tax.

(f)

Does not total due to rounding.

The Company’s management believes Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, is useful to investors because it provides an overall understanding of the Company’s historical and future prospects. Exclusion of unusual items permits evaluation and comparison of results for the Company’s core business operations, and it is on this basis that management internally assesses the Company’s performance. Exclusion of acquisition-related intangible asset amortization expense, the amount of which can vary by the timing, size and nature of the Company’s acquisitions, facilitates more consistent internal comparisons of operating results over time between the Company’s newly acquired and long-held businesses, and comparisons with both acquisitive and non-acquisitive peer companies. It is important to note that such intangible assets contribute to revenue generation and that intangible asset amortization related to past acquisitions will recur in future periods until such intangible assets have been fully amortized. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with GAAP.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF PROJECTED ADJUSTED DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS TO DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS (Unaudited)


Projected
Three Months
Ending
March 31

Projected
Twelve Months
Ending

December 31

2021

2021

Low

High

Low

High

Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations

$

(0.08

)

$

0.02

$

0.26

$

0.42

Estimated acquisition amortization expense, net of tax

0.08

0.08

0.34

0.34

Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations

$

0.01

(a)

$

0.10

$

0.59

(a)

$

0.76


(a)

Does not total due to rounding.

The Company’s management believes Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, is useful to investors because it provides an overall understanding of the Company’s historical and future prospects. Exclusion of acquisition-related intangible asset amortization expense, the amount of which can vary by the timing, size and nature of the Company’s acquisitions, facilitates more consistent internal comparisons of operating results over time between the Company’s newly acquired and long-held businesses, and comparisons with both acquisitive and non-acquisitive peer companies. It is important to note that such intangible assets contribute to revenue generation and that intangible asset amortization related to past acquisitions will recur in future periods until such intangible assets have been fully amortized. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with GAAP.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED EBITDA BY SEGMENT TO OPERATING INCOME (LOSS) AS REPORTED BY SEGMENT (Unaudited)

(In thousands)

Harsco
Environmental

Harsco Clean
Earth (a)

Harsco
Rail

Corporate

Consolidated
Totals

Three Months Ended December 31, 2020:

Operating income (loss) as reported

$

22,606

$

3,151

$

1,057

$

(15,546

)

$

11,268

Corporate acquisition and integration costs

6,909

6,909

Harsco Environmental Segment severance costs

2,239

2,239

Harsco Clean Earth Segment integration costs

1,745

1,745

Corporate contingent consideration adjustments

(136

)

(136

)

Operating income (loss) excluding unusual items

24,845

4,896

1,057

(8,773

)

22,025

Depreciation

25,345

4,681

1,383

491

31,900

Amortization

1,998

6,351

85

8,434

Adjusted EBITDA

$

52,188

$

15,928

$

2,525

$

(8,282

)

$

62,359

Revenues as reported

$

246,388

$

185,099

$

76,857

$

508,344

Adjusted EBITDA margin (%)

21.2

%

8.6

%

3.3

%

12.3

%

Three Months Ended December 31, 2019:

Operating income (loss) as reported

$

27,430

$

8,701

$

(3,239

)

$

(12,981

)

$

19,911

Corporate acquisition and integration costs

7,280

7,280

Harsco Environmental Segment contingent consideration adjustments

(4,089

)

(4,089

)

Harsco Clean Earth Segment contingent consideration adjustments

825

825

Harsco Clean Earth Segment severance costs

601

601

Harsco Rail Segment improvement initiative costs

185

185

Operating income (loss) excluding unusual items

23,341

10,127

(3,054

)

(5,701

)

24,713

Depreciation

25,766

2,573

1,140

643

30,122

Amortization

1,850

4,089

84

6,023

Adjusted EBITDA

$

50,957

$

16,789

$

(1,830

)

$

(5,058

)

$

60,858

Revenues as reported

$

243,314

$

81,883

$

74,590

$

399,787

Adjusted EBITDA margin (%)

20.9

%

20.5

%

(2.5

)%

15.2

%


(a)

The Company's acquisition of ESOL closed on April 6, 2020 and the Company's acquisition of Clean Earth closed on June 28, 2019.

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and consists of income from continuing operations adjusted to add back income tax expense; equity income of unconsolidated entities, net; net interest expense; defined benefit pension income (expense); unused debt commitment and amendment fees; and depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs); and excludes unusual items. Segment Adjusted EBITDA consists of operating income from continuing operations adjusted to exclude unusual items and add back depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs). The sum of the Segments’ Adjusted EBITDA equals Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA. The Company‘s management believes Adjusted EBITDA is meaningful to investors because management reviews Adjusted EBITDA in assessing and evaluating performance. However, this measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income from continuing operations, operating income from continuing operations and other information provided in accordance with GAAP. The Company's method of calculating Adjusted EBITDA may differ from methods used by other companies and, as a result, Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures disclosed by other companies.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED EBITDA BY SEGMENT TO OPERATING INCOME (LOSS) AS REPORTED BY SEGMENT (Unaudited)

(In thousands)

Harsco
Environmental

Harsco Clean
Earth (a)

Harsco
Rail

Corporate

Consolidated
Totals

Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2020:

Operating income (loss) as reported

$

59,006

$

16,096

$

20,219

$

(74,240

)

$

21,081

Corporate acquisition and integration costs

48,493

48,493

Harsco Environmental Segment severance costs

7,399

7,399

Corporate contingent consideration adjustments

2,301

2,301

Harsco Clean Earth Segment integration costs

1,859

1,859

Operating income (loss) excluding unusual items

66,405

17,955

20,219

(23,446

)

81,133

Depreciation

100,971

17,450

5,113

2,022

125,556

Amortization

7,825

22,814

337

30,976

Adjusted EBITDA

$

175,201

$

58,219

$

25,669

$

(21,424

)

$

237,665

Revenues as reported

$

914,445

$

619,588

$

329,831

$

1,863,864

Adjusted EBITDA margin (%)

19.2

%

9.4

%

7.8

%

12.8

%

Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2019:

Operating income (loss) as reported

$

112,298

$

20,009

$

23,708

$

(51,736

)

$

104,279

Corporate acquisition and integration costs

25,152

25,152

Harsco Environmental Segment contingent consideration adjustments

(8,505

)

(8,505

)

Harsco Environmental Segment provision for doubtful accounts

6,174

6,174

Harsco Rail Segment improvement initiative costs

4,830

4,830

Harsco Environmental Segment site exit related

(2,427

)

(2,427

)

Harsco Clean Earth Segment severance costs

1,855

1,855

Harsco Clean Earth Segment contingent consideration adjustments

825

825

Operating income (loss) excluding unusual items

107,540

22,689

28,538

(26,584

)

132,183

Depreciation

104,840

4,932

4,554

2,737

117,063

Amortization

7,286

7,923

322

15,531

Adjusted EBITDA

$

219,666

$

35,544

$

33,414

$

(23,847

)

$

264,777

Revenues as reported

$

1,034,847

$

169,522

$

299,373

$

1,503,742

Adjusted EBITDA margin (%)

21.2

%

21.0

%

11.2

%

17.6

%


(a)

The Company's acquisition of ESOL closed on April 6, 2020 and the Company's acquisition of Clean Earth closed on June 28, 2019.

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and consists of income from continuing operations adjusted to add back income tax expense; equity income of unconsolidated entities, net; net interest expense; defined benefit pension income (expense); unused debt commitment and amendment fees; and depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs); and excludes unusual items. Segment Adjusted EBITDA consists of operating income from continuing operations adjusted to exclude unusual items and add back depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs). The sum of the Segments’ Adjusted EBITDA equals Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA. The Company‘s management believes Adjusted EBITDA is meaningful to investors because management reviews Adjusted EBITDA in assessing and evaluating performance. However, this measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income from continuing operations, operating income from continuing operations and other information provided in accordance with GAAP. The Company's method of calculating Adjusted EBITDA may differ from methods used by other companies and, as a result, Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures disclosed by other companies.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED EBITDA BY SEGMENT TO OPERATING INCOME (LOSS) AS REPORTED BY SEGMENT (Unaudited)

(In thousands)

Harsco
Environmental

Harsco Clean
Earth (a)

Harsco
Rail

Corporate

Consolidated
Totals

Three Months Ended September 30, 2020:

Operating income (loss) as reported

$

12,317

$

8,902

$

4,059

$

(20,214

)

$

5,064

Corporate acquisition and integration costs

10,645

10,645

Corporate contingent consideration adjustments

2,437

2,437

Harsco Clean Earth Segment integration costs

114

114

Operating income (loss) excluding unusual items

12,317

9,016

4,059

(7,132

)

18,260

Depreciation

25,588

5,010

1,258

497

32,353

Amortization

1,970

6,218

85

8,273

Adjusted EBITDA

$

39,875

$

20,244

$

5,402

$

(6,635

)

$

58,886

Revenues as reported

$

222,507

$

194,098

$

92,793

$

509,398

Adjusted EBITDA margin (%)

17.9

%

10.4

%

5.8

%

11.6

%


(a)

The Company's acquisition of ESOL closed on April 6, 2020 and the Company's acquisition of Clean Earth closed on June 28, 2019.

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and consists of income from continuing operations adjusted to add back income tax expense; equity income of unconsolidated entities, net; net interest expense; defined benefit pension income (expense); unused debt commitment and amendment fees; and depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs); and excludes unusual items. Segment Adjusted EBITDA consists of operating income from continuing operations adjusted to exclude unusual items and add back depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs). The sum of the Segments’ Adjusted EBITDA equals Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA. The Company‘s management believes Adjusted EBITDA is meaningful to investors because management reviews Adjusted EBITDA in assessing and evaluating performance. However, this measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income from continuing operations, operating income from continuing operations and other information provided in accordance with GAAP. The Company's method of calculating Adjusted EBITDA may differ from methods used by other companies and, as a result, Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures disclosed by other companies.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF CONSOLIDATED ADJUSTED EBITDA TO CONSOLIDATED INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS AS REPORTED (Unaudited)

Three Months Ended
December 31

(In thousands)

2020

2019

Consolidated income (loss) from continuing operations

$

(4,257

)

$

4,444

Add back (deduct):

Equity in income of unconsolidated entities, net

(10

)

(122

)

Income tax expense

1,861

2,400

Defined benefit pension expense (income)

(2,058

)

1,327

Unused debt commitment and amendment fees

111

Interest expense

16,293

12,157

Interest income

(561

)

(406

)

Depreciation

31,900

30,122

Amortization

8,434

6,023

Unusual items:

Corporate acquisition and integration costs

6,909

7,280

Harsco Environmental Segment severance costs

2,239

Harsco Clean Earth Segment integration costs

1,745

Corporate contingent consideration adjustments

(136

)

Harsco Environmental Segment contingent consideration adjustments

(4,089

)

Harsco Clean Earth Segment contingent consideration adjustments

825

Harsco Clean Earth Segment severance costs

601

Harsco Rail Segment improvement initiative costs

185

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA

$

62,359

$

60,858

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and consists of income from continuing operations adjusted to add back income tax expense; equity income of unconsolidated entities, net; net interest expense; defined benefit pension income (expense); unused debt commitment and amendment fees; and depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs); and excludes unusual items. Segment Adjusted EBITDA consists of operating income from continuing operations adjusted to exclude unusual items and add back depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs). The sum of the Segments’ Adjusted EBITDA equals Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA. The Company‘s management believes Adjusted EBITDA is meaningful to investors because management reviews Adjusted EBITDA in assessing and evaluating performance. However, this measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income from continuing operations, operating income from continuing operations and other information provided in accordance with GAAP. The Company's method of calculating Adjusted EBITDA may differ from methods used by other companies and, as a result, Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures disclosed by other companies.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF CONSOLIDATED ADJUSTED EBITDA TO CONSOLIDATED INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS AS REPORTED (Unaudited)

Twelve Months Ended
December 31

(In thousands)

2020

2019

Consolidated income (loss) from continuing operations

$

(28,160

)

$

36,530

Add back (deduct):

Equity in income of unconsolidated entities, net

(186

)

(273

)

Income tax expense (benefit)

(2,779

)

20,214

Defined benefit pension expense (income)

(7,229

)

5,493

Unused debt commitment and amendment fees

1,920

7,704

Interest expense

59,689

36,586

Interest income

(2,174

)

(1,975

)

Depreciation

125,556

117,063

Amortization

30,976

15,531

Unusual items:

Corporate acquisition and integration costs

48,493

25,152

Harsco Environmental Segment severance costs

7,399

Corporate contingent consideration adjustments

2,301

Harsco Clean Earth Segment integration costs

1,859

Harsco Environmental Segment contingent consideration adjustments

(8,505

)

Harsco Environmental Segment provision for doubtful accounts

6,174

Harsco Rail Segment improvement initiative costs

4,830

Harsco Environmental Segment site exit related costs

(2,427

)

Harsco Clean Earth Segment severance costs

1,855

Harsco Clean Earth Segment contingent consideration adjustments

825

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA

$

237,665

$

264,777

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and consists of income from continuing operations adjusted to add back income tax expense; equity income of unconsolidated entities, net; net interest expense; defined benefit pension income (expense); unused debt commitment and amendment fees; and depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs); and excludes unusual items. Segment Adjusted EBITDA consists of operating income from continuing operations adjusted to exclude unusual items and add back depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs). The sum of the Segments’ Adjusted EBITDA equals Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA. The Company‘s management believes Adjusted EBITDA is meaningful to investors because management reviews Adjusted EBITDA in assessing and evaluating performance. However, this measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income from continuing operations, operating income from continuing operations and other information provided in accordance with GAAP. The Company's method of calculating Adjusted EBITDA may differ from methods used by other companies and, as a result, Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures disclosed by other companies.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF CONSOLIDATED ADJUSTED EBITDA TO CONSOLIDATED LOSS FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS AS REPORTED (Unaudited)

Three Months
Ended
September 30

(In thousands)

2020

Consolidated loss from continuing operations

$

(6,604

)

Add back (deduct):

Equity in income of unconsolidated entities, net

(9

)

Income tax benefit

(1,654

)

Defined benefit pension income

(1,859

)

Interest expense

15,794

Interest income

(604

)

Depreciation

32,353

Amortization

8,273

Unusual items:

Corporate acquisition and integration costs

10,645

Corporate contingent consideration adjustments

2,437

Harsco Clean Earth Segment integration costs

114

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA

$

58,886

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and consists of income from continuing operations adjusted to add back income tax expense; equity income of unconsolidated entities, net; net interest expense; defined benefit pension income (expense); unused debt commitment and amendment fees; and depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs); and excludes unusual items. Segment Adjusted EBITDA consists of operating income from continuing operations adjusted to exclude unusual items and add back depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs). The sum of the Segments’ Adjusted EBITDA equals Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA. The Company‘s management believes Adjusted EBITDA is meaningful to investors because management reviews Adjusted EBITDA in assessing and evaluating performance. However, this measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income from continuing operations, operating income from continuing operations and other information provided in accordance with GAAP. The Company's method of calculating Adjusted EBITDA may differ from methods used by other companies and, as a result, Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures disclosed by other companies.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF PROJECTED CONSOLIDATED ADJUSTED EBITDA TO PROJECTED CONSOLIDATED INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)

Projected
Three Months Ending
March 31

Projected
Twelve Months Ending

December 31

2021

2021

(In millions)

Low

High

Low

High

Consolidated income (loss) from continuing operations

$

(5

)

$

3

$

26

$

40

Add back:

Income tax expense

1

(2

)

15

24

Net interest

15

16