U.S. Markets closed
  • S&P 500

    4,395.64
    +41.45 (+0.95%)
     
  • Dow 30

    34,258.32
    +338.48 (+1.00%)
     
  • Nasdaq

    14,896.85
    +150.45 (+1.02%)
     
  • Russell 2000

    2,218.56
    +32.38 (+1.48%)
     
  • Gold

    1,768.40
    -9.80 (-0.55%)
     
  • Silver

    23.03
    +0.46 (+2.05%)
     
  • EUR/USD

    1.1696
    -0.0034 (-0.2924%)
     
  • 10-Yr Bond

    1.3360
    +0.0120 (+0.91%)
     
  • Vix

    20.87
    -3.49 (-14.33%)
     
  • GBP/USD

    1.3619
    -0.0045 (-0.3282%)
     
  • USD/JPY

    109.7800
    +0.5600 (+0.5127%)
     
  • BTC-USD

    42,775.47
    -806.48 (-1.85%)
     
  • CMC Crypto 200

    1,089.55
    +49.07 (+4.72%)
     
  • FTSE 100

    7,083.37
    +102.39 (+1.47%)
     
  • Nikkei 225

    29,639.40
    -200.31 (-0.67%)
     

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Announces First Quarter 2021 Results; Delivers Billings Growth of 11% from Continuing Operations; ARR Growth of 80%; Strong Trailing Twelve-Month Free Cash Flow

  • Oops!
    Something went wrong.
    Please try again later.
·22 min read
In this article:
  • Oops!
    Something went wrong.
    Please try again later.

With divestiture of Books & Media business, HMH transformation to K-12 pure-play learning technology company remains on track with connected sales of 51% and net retention rate of 142%

BOSTON, May 6, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- Learning technology company Houghton Mifflin Harcourt ("HMH" or the "Company") (Nasdaq: HMHC) today announced financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2021. All financial results and metrics are reported on a continuing operations basis. HMH delivered strong growth in billings of 11% during the first quarter. Coupled with solid growth in Annualized Recurring Revenue2, the company is off to a strong start to 2021.

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Logo (PRNewsFoto/Houghton Mifflin Harcourt) (PRNewsfoto/Houghton Mifflin Harcourt)
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Logo (PRNewsFoto/Houghton Mifflin Harcourt) (PRNewsfoto/Houghton Mifflin Harcourt)

Q1 2021 Financial Results and Headlines:



Three Months Ended March 31,


(in millions of dollars)


2021 1



2020 1



Change


Net sales


$

146



$

152




(3.7)

%

Change in deferred revenue



(42)




(59)




27.8

%

Billings 2



104




93




11.4

%

Impairment charge for goodwill






262



NM


Loss from continuing operations



(49)




(338)




85.5

%

Adjusted EBITDA 3



15




(20)



NM


Pre-publication or content development costs



(14)




(18)




22.4

%

Net cash used in operating activities



(101)




(172)




41.5

%

Free cash flow 3



(125)




(202)




38.3

%







1

All amounts have been adjusted to eliminate the impact of the HMH Books & Media business which has been removed from continuing operations and classified as discontinued operations.

2

An operating measure. Please refer to "Operating Metrics" for an explanation.

3

Non-GAAP measure, please refer to Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures for an explanation and reconciliation.

NM = not meaningful

Highlights from the quarter include:

  • Trailing twelve-month free cash flow of $72 million, an improvement of $77 million, demonstrating strong positive free cash flow generation

  • Rapid year-over-year growth of 80% in Annualized Recurring Revenue (ARR) 2 to $65 million. Net Retention Rate (NRR) 2 was 142%.

  • Connected Sales 2 made up 51% of billings for the trailing twelve months ended March 31, 2021

  • 42% of billings were digital for the trailing twelve months ending March 31, 2021

  • Adjusted EBITDA improved $34 million to $15 million, marking the first time HMH produced positive Adjusted EBITDA in the first quarter since it became a public company

"We entered the new year keenly focused on executing our Digital First, Connected strategy. As our market stabilizes, our first quarter results represent a strong start to the new year. We continue to see impressive growth in important key performance indicators, positioning HMH amongst the largest and fastest growing companies in the edtech market," said Jack Lynch, President and Chief Executive Officer of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Joe Abbott, HMH's Chief Financial Officer said, "We delivered strong growth in billings and ARR in the first quarter, which positions HMH well to deliver growth in 2021. Importantly, we have dramatically improved free cash flow despite the pandemic's impact on our billings over the last twelve months. We continue to expect the previously announced divestment of HMH Books & Media to close during the second quarter of 2021, which will transform our capital structure following the paydown of debt with net proceeds from the transaction, providing the company additional operational and financial flexibility going forward."

First Quarter 2021 Financial Results:

Net Sales: HMH reported net sales of $146 million for the first quarter of 2021, down 4% compared to $152 million in 2020. The decrease was primarily due to lower net sales in Extensions, which primarily consists of our Heinemann, intervention and supplemental products as well as professional services, which decreased by $9 million from $86 million in 2020 to $77 million due to lower professional services with the decline of the in-person learning environment as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Partially offsetting the decline in Extensions was an increase in Core Solutions of $3 million from $65 million in 2020 to $68 million, driven by strong international net sales and net sales of social studies and math programs in California.

Billings2: Billings for 2021 increased $11 million, or 11%, from 2020. The billings increase was driven by an increase in Core Solutions which increased by $17 million due to strong international sales as well as growth in social studies and math program sales in California. Partially offsetting the increase were lower Extensions billings which decreased by $6 million due to lower professional services sales.

Cost of Sales: Overall cost of sales decreased by $12 million to $86 million in 2021, primarily due to lower print costs, increased virtual delivery of products and services and lower amortization expense.

Selling and Administrative Costs: Selling and administrative costs decreased by $34 million in 2021, primarily due to lower labor costs and other fixed cost reductions due to the 2020 restructuring plan.

Operating Loss: Operating loss for 2021 was $37 million, a $301 million favorable change from the $338 million operating loss in 2020 primarily due to a non-cash impairment charge for goodwill in 2020 of $262 million which was a direct result of the adverse impact that the COVID-19 pandemic had on our Company. Additionally, there was a decrease in selling and administrative expenses.

Net Loss: Net loss of $52 million for 2021 was $294 million lower compared to a net loss of $346 million in the same period of 2020. Loss from continuing operations for 2021 was $49 million, a $289 million improvement from the $338 million loss from continuing operations in the same period of 2020 due primarily to the same factors impacting operating loss offset by an unfavorable change in our tax provision of $11 million due primarily to the non-cash impairment on goodwill. Also, loss from discontinued operations, net of tax decreased $5 million to $3 million from a loss of $8 million in 2020.

Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations: Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations for 2021 was $15 million, a $34 million favorable change from a loss in 2020.

Cash Flows and Liquidity: Net cash used in operating activities for 2021 was $81 million compared to $157 million in 2020. Net cash used in operating activities from continuing operations was $101 million in 2021, a $71 million favorable change compared to 2020. The decrease in net cash used in operating activities from continuing operations resulted from an increase in operating profit, net of non-cash items, of $32 million. Further, the improvement was also due to favorable changes in net operating assets and liabilities of $39 million. Net cash used in operating activities included $19 million and $15 million of cash flow from discontinued operations in 2021 and 2020, respectively. HMH's free cash flow from continuing operations, defined as net cash from operating activities minus capital expenditures, favorably changed $77 million from a usage of $202 million in 2020 to a usage of $125 million in 2021.

As of May 6, 2021, there were no amounts outstanding under our revolving credit facility. We expect our net cash from operations combined with our cash and cash equivalents and borrowing availability under our revolving credit facility to provide sufficient liquidity to fund our current obligations, capital spending, debt service requirements and working capital requirements over at least the next twelve months.

Conference Call:

At 9:30 a.m. ET on Thursday, May 6, 2021, HMH will host a conference call to discuss the results with its investors. The call will be webcast live at ir.hmhco.com. The following information is provided for investors who would like to participate:

Toll Free: (844) 835-6565
International: (484) 653-6719
Passcode: 4741847
Moderator: Brian Shipman, Senior Vice President, Investor Relations
Webcast Link: https://edge.media-server.com/mmc/p/fpqj4zrf

An archived webcast with the accompanying slides will be available at ir.hmhco.com for one year for those unable to participate in the live event. An audio replay of this conference call will also be available until May 16, 2021 via the following telephone numbers: (855) 859-2056 in the United States and (404) 537-3406 internationally using passcode 4741847.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures:

To supplement our financial statements presented in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and to provide additional insights into our performance (for a completed period and/or on a forward-looking basis), we have presented adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations and free cash flow. These measures are not prepared in accordance with GAAP. This information should be considered as supplemental in nature and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the related financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP. Management believes that the presentation of these non-GAAP measures provides useful information to investors regarding our results of operations and/or our expected results of operations because it assists both investors and management in analyzing and benchmarking the performance and value of our business.

Management believes that the presentation of adjusted EBITDA provides useful information to our investors and management as an indicator of our performance that is not affected by fluctuations in interest rates or effective tax rates, non-cash charges and impairment charges, levels of depreciation or amortization, and acquisition/disposition-related activity costs, restructuring costs and integration costs. Accordingly, management believes that this measure is useful for comparing our performance from period to period and makes decisions based on it. In addition, targets in adjusted EBITDA (further adjusted to include the change in deferred revenue) are used as performance measures to determine certain incentive compensation of management. Management also believes that the presentation of free cash flow provides useful information to our investors because management regularly reviews these metrics as an important indicator of how much cash is generated by general business operations, excluding capital expenditures, and makes decisions based on it.

Other companies may define these non-GAAP measures differently and, as a result, our use of these non-GAAP measures may not be directly comparable to adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow used by other companies. Although we use these non-GAAP measures as financial measures to assess our business, the use of non-GAAP measures is limited as they include and/or do not include certain items not included and/or included in the most directly comparable GAAP measure. Adjusted EBITDA should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, net income or loss prepared in accordance with GAAP as a measure of performance; and free cash flow should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, net cash from operating activities prepared in accordance with GAAP. Adjusted EBITDA is not intended to be a measure of liquidity nor is free cash flow intended to be a measure of residual cash flow available for discretionary use. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these non-GAAP measures. A reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures (to the extent available without unreasonable efforts in the case of forward-looking measures) and related disclosure is provided in the appendix to this news release.

Operating Metrics:

Annualized Recurring Revenue (ARR) for a given period is the annualized revenues derived from termed subscription contracts existing at the end of the period. ARR excludes contracts that are one-time in nature. ARR is currently one of the key performance metrics being used by management to assess the health and trajectory of our business. ARR does not have a standardized definition and is therefore unlikely to be comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other companies. ARR should be viewed independently of U.S. GAAP revenue, deferred revenue and unbilled revenue and is not intended to be combined with or to replace those items. ARR does not represent revenue for any particular period or remaining revenue that will be recognized in future periods. ARR is not a forecast and the active contracts at the end of a reporting period used in calculating ARR may or may not be extended or renewed by our customers.

Net Retention Rate (NRR) is the rate at which existing customers are renewing and expanding. The dollar-based net retention rate is calculated as of a period end by starting with the ARR from all customers as of the 12 months prior to such period end. The ARR is then calculated from these same customers as of the current period end, which includes customer renewals, upsells and expansion and is net of contraction or churn over the trailing 12 months, but excludes revenue from new customers in the current period. The dollar-based net retention rate is calculated by dividing the ARR from these customers as of the current period end by the ARR from these customers as of 12 months prior to such period end.

Connected Sales are billings from the sale of core, intervention, supplemental, assessment and service offerings hosted on or transitioning to be hosted on our Ed: Your Friend in Learning® teaching and learning platform.

Billings is an operating measure which we derive from net sales taking into account the change in deferred revenue. Billings for Core Solutions and Extensions is an operating measure based on invoiced sales adjusted for returns, other publishing income and change in deferred revenue.

About Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (Nasdaq: HMHC) is a learning technology company committed to delivering connected solutions that engage learners, empower educators and improve student outcomes. As a leading provider of K–12 core curriculum, supplemental and intervention solutions, and professional learning services, HMH partners with educators and school districts to uncover solutions that unlock students' potential and extend teachers' capabilities. HMH serves more than 50 million students and 3 million educators in 150 countries. For more information, visit www.hmhco.com

Follow HMH on Twitter, Facebook, YouTube and Instagram.

Contact

Investor Relations
Brian S. Shipman, CFA
SVP, Investor Relations
(212) 592-1177
brian.shipman@hmhco.com

Media Relations
Bianca Olson
SVP, Corporate Affairs
(617) 351-3841
bianca.olson@hmhco.com

Forward-Looking Statements
The statements contained herein include forward-looking statements, which involve risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, including the terms "believes," "estimates," "projects," "anticipates," "expects," "could," "intends," "may," "will," "should," "forecast," "intend," "plan," "potential," "project," "target" or, in each case, their negative, or other variations or comparable terminology. Forward-looking statements include all statements that are not statements of historical facts. They include statements regarding our intentions, beliefs or current expectations concerning, among other things: 2021 outlook for billings and unlevered free cash flow margin; the expected impact of our Digital First, Connected strategy and the actions described in this press release; the expected timetable for closing the disposition of HMH Books & Media, including satisfaction or waiver of closing conditions; the use of the net proceeds from the proposed transaction to pay down debt; the expected impact of the COVID-19 pandemic; our future results of operations, financial condition, liquidity, prospects, growth and strategies; the timing, structure and expected impact of our operational efficiency and cost-reduction initiatives and the estimated savings and amounts expected to be incurred in connection therewith; and potential business decisions. We derive many of our forward-looking statements from our operating budgets and forecasts, which are based upon many detailed assumptions. We caution that it is very difficult to predict the impact of known factors, and, of course, it is impossible for us to anticipate all factors that could affect our actual results. All forward-looking statements are based upon information available to us on the date of this report.

By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that may or may not occur in the future. We caution you that forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and that actual results may differ materially from those made in or suggested by the forward-looking statements contained herein. In addition, even if actual results are consistent with the forward-looking statements contained herein, those results or developments may not be indicative of results or developments in subsequent periods.

Important factors that could cause actual results to vary from expectations include, but are not limited to: the duration and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on the federal, state and local economies and on K-12 schools; any delays in receiving the required regulatory approvals for the proposed sale of HMH Books & Media; the risk that disruption resulting from the proposed transaction my adversely affect the Company's businesses and business relationships, including with employees and suppliers; delays in satisfying other closing conditions and disruptions in the global credit and financial markets that could have a negative impact on the completion of the proposed transaction; the rate and state of technological change; state requirements related to digital instructional materials; our ability to execute on our Digital First, Connected growth strategy; increases in our operating costs; management and personnel changes; timing, higher costs and unintended consequences of our operational efficiency and cost-reduction initiatives, including the actions described in this press release; and other factors discussed in the "Risk Factors" section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events described herein may not occur.

We undertake no obligation, and do not expect, to publicly update or publicly revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or to persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained herein.

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company

Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)






March 31,



December 31,


(in thousands of dollars, except share information)


2021



2020


Assets









Current assets









Cash and cash equivalents


$

170,901



$

281,200


Accounts receivable, net



92,477




88,830


Inventories



175,790




145,553


Prepaid expenses and other assets



25,105




19,276


Assets held for sale



140,971




160,053


Total current assets



605,244




694,912











Property, plant, and equipment, net



86,248




88,801


Pre-publication costs, net



191,232




202,820


Royalty advances to authors, net



2,064




2,425


Goodwill



437,977




437,977


Other intangible assets, net



391,412




402,484


Operating lease assets



123,565




126,850


Deferred income taxes



2,415




2,415


Deferred commissions



30,319




30,659


Other assets



29,991




31,783


Total assets


$

1,900,467



$

2,021,126


Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity









Current liabilities









Current portion of long-term debt


$

19,000



$

19,000


Accounts payable



47,336




38,751


Royalties payable



21,503




34,765


Salaries, wages, and commissions payable



14,460




21,723


Deferred revenue



320,988




342,605


Interest payable



4,136




11,017


Severance and other charges



11,434




19,590


Accrued pension benefits



1,593




1,593


Accrued postretirement benefits



1,555




1,555


Operating lease liabilities



9,948




9,669


Other liabilities



23,468




22,912


Liabilities held for sale



32,505




30,662


Total current liabilities



507,926




553,842











Long-term debt, net of discount and issuance costs



621,319




624,692


Operating lease liabilities



129,269




132,014


Long-term deferred revenue



542,065




562,679


Accrued pension benefits



17,240




24,061


Accrued postretirement benefits



15,605




16,566


Deferred income taxes



18,503




16,411


Other liabilities



152




398


Total liabilities



1,852,079




1,930,663


Commitments and contingencies









Stockholders' equity









Preferred stock, $0.01 par value: 20,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued
and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020







Common stock, $0.01 par value: 380,000,000 shares authorized; 151,987,387 and 150,459,034 shares issued at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively; 127,410,353 and 125,882,000 shares outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively



1,520




1,505


Treasury stock, 24,577,034 shares as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, at cost



(518,030)




(518,030)


Capital in excess of par value



4,921,845




4,918,542


Accumulated deficit



(4,307,813)




(4,255,830)


Accumulated other comprehensive loss



(49,134)




(55,724)


Total stockholders' equity



48,388




90,463


Total liabilities and stockholders' equity


$

1,900,467



$

2,021,126


Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company

Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)






Three Months Ended

March 31,


(in thousands of dollars, except share and per share data)


2021



2020


Net sales


$

146,195



$

151,843


Costs and expenses









Cost of sales, excluding publishing rights and

pre-publication amortization



58,137




63,652


Publishing rights amortization



3,166




4,432


Pre-publication amortization



25,051




30,562


Cost of sales



86,354




98,646


Selling and administrative



89,235




123,341


Other intangible assets amortization



7,906




5,856


Impairment charge for goodwill






262,000


Operating loss



(37,300)




(338,000)


Other income (expense)









Retirement benefits non-service (expense) income



(200)




61


Interest expense



(8,564)




(9,253)


Interest income



20




766


Change in fair value of derivative instruments



(674)




(380)


Loss from continuing operations before taxes



(46,718)




(346,806)


Income tax expense (benefit) for continuing operations



2,310




(8,780)


Loss from continuing operations



(49,028)




(338,026)


Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax



(2,955)




(7,947)


Net loss


$

(51,983)



$

(345,973)


Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders









Basic and diluted









Continuing operations


$

(0.39)



$

(2.71)


Discontinued operations



(0.02)




(0.06)


Net loss


$

(0.41)



$

(2.77)


Weighted average shares outstanding









Basic and diluted



126,473,317




124,688,974











Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)






Three Months Ended March 31,


(in thousands of dollars)


2021



2020


Cash flows from operating activities









Net loss


$

(51,983)



$

(345,973)


Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities









Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax



2,955




7,947


Depreciation and amortization expense



47,818




53,033


Amortization of operating lease assets



3,285




3,632


Amortization of debt discount and deferred financing costs



660




646


Deferred income taxes



2,085




(9,128)


Stock-based compensation expense



2,607




3,268


Impairment charge for goodwill






262,000


Change in fair value of derivative instruments



674




380


Changes in operating assets and liabilities









Accounts receivable



(3,647)




29,057


Inventories



(30,238)




(51,580)


Other assets



(3,851)




(335)


Accounts payable and accrued expenses



3,322




(19,878)


Royalties payable and author advances, net



(12,924)




(34,816)


Deferred revenue



(42,231)




(59,529)


Interest payable



(6,881)




(12)


Severance and other charges



(8,156)




(5,320)


Accrued pension and postretirement benefits



(855)




(1,108)


Operating lease liabilities



(2,466)




(3,304)


Other liabilities



(720)




(948)


Net cash used in operating activities - continuing operations



(100,546)




(171,968)


Net cash provided by operating activities - discontinued operations



19,290




15,201


Net cash used in operating activities



(81,256)




(156,767)


Cash flows from investing activities









Additions to pre-publication costs



(14,354)




(18,489)


Additions to property, plant, and equipment



(9,949)




(11,875)


Net cash used in investing activities - continuing operations



(24,303)




(30,364)


Net cash used in investing activities - discontinued operations



(400)




(262)


Net cash used in investing activities



(24,703)




(30,626)


Cash flows from financing activities









Borrowings under revolving credit facility






150,000


Payments of long-term debt



(4,750)




(4,750)


Tax withholding payments related to net share settlements of restricted stock units






(48)


Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan



410




503


Net cash used in financing activities



(4,340)




145,705


Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents



(110,299)




(41,688)


Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period



281,200




296,353


Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period


$

170,901



$

254,665


Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company

Non-GAAP Reconciliations (Unaudited)




Adjusted EBITDA 1




(in thousands of dollars)






Three Months Ended March 31,




2021



2020


Net loss from continuing operations


$

(49,028)



$

(338,026)


Interest expense



8,564




9,253


Interest income



(20)




(766)


Provision (benefit) for income taxes



2,310




(8,780)


Depreciation expense



11,695




12,183


Amortization expense



36,123




40,850


Non-cash charges – goodwill impairment






262,000


Non-cash charges – stock compensation



2,607




3,268


Non-cash charges – loss on derivative instruments



674




380


Fees, expenses or charges for equity offerings, debt or

acquisitions/dispositions



1,826




27


Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations


$

14,751



$

(19,611)






Free Cash Flow 1




(in thousands of dollars)






Three Months Ended March 31,




2021



2020


Cash flows from operating activities









Net cash used in operating activities


$

(100,546)



$

(171,968)


Cash flows from investing activities









Additions to pre-publication costs



(14,354)




(18,489)


Additions to property, plant, and equipment



(9,949)




(11,875)


Free Cash Flow


$

(124,849)



$

(202,332)




1

All amounts have been adjusted to eliminate the impact of the HMH Books & Media business which has been removed from continuing operations and classified as discontinued operations.

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company

Calculation of Billings (Unaudited)




Billings 1




(in thousands of dollars)






Three Months Ended

March 31,




2021



2020


Net sales


$

146,195



$

151,843


Change in deferred revenue



(42,231)




(58,529)


Billings


$

103,964



$

93,314



Billings is an operating measure utilized by the Company derived as shown above.



1

All amounts have been adjusted to eliminate the impact of the HMH Books & Media business which has been removed from continuing operations and classified as discontinued operations.

Cision
Cision

View original content to download multimedia:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/houghton-mifflin-harcourt-announces-first-quarter-2021-results-delivers-billings-growth-of-11-from-continuing-operations-arr-growth-of-80-strong-trailing-twelve-month-free-cash-flow-301285486.html

SOURCE Houghton Mifflin Harcourt