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Icahn Enterprises L.P. Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2020 Financial Results

·16 min read
  • Fourth quarter net income attributable to Icahn Enterprises of $146 million, or $0.61 per depositary unit

  • Board approves quarterly distribution of $2.00 per depositary unit

SUNNY ISLES BEACH, Fla., Feb. 26, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Icahn Enterprises L.P. (Nasdaq:IEP) is reporting fourth quarter 2020 revenues of $2.8 billion and net income attributable to Icahn Enterprises of $146 million, or $0.61 per depositary unit. For the three months ended December 31, 2019, revenues were $2.6 billion and net loss attributable to Icahn Enterprises was $157 million, or a loss of $0.74 per depositary unit, including a loss of $149 million from continuing operations, or a loss of $0.70 per depositary unit. For the three months ended December 31, 2020, Adjusted EBITDA attributable to Icahn Enterprises was $420 million compared to $111 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. For the three months ended December 31, 2020, Adjusted EBIT attributable to Icahn Enterprises was $328 million compared to $22 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019.

For the year ended December 31, 2020, revenues were $6.1 billion and net loss attributable to Icahn Enterprises was $1.7 billion, or a loss of $7.33 per depositary unit. For the year ended December 31, 2019, revenues were $9.0 billion and net loss attributable to Icahn Enterprises was $1.1 billion, or a loss of $5.38 per depositary unit, including a loss of $1.1 billion from continuing operations, or $5.23 per depositary unit. For the year ended December 31, 2020, Adjusted EBITDA attributable to Icahn Enterprises was $(738) million compared to $(462) million for the year ended December 31, 2019. For the year ended December 31, 2020, Adjusted EBIT attributable to Icahn Enterprises was $(1.1) billion compared to $(818) million for the year ended December 31, 2019.

On February 24, 2021, the Board of Directors of the general partner of Icahn Enterprises declared a quarterly distribution in the amount of $2.00 per depositary unit, which will be paid on or about April 28, 2021 to depositary unitholders of record at the close of business on March 26, 2021. Depositary unitholders will have until April 16, 2021 to make an election to receive either cash or additional depositary units; if a holder does not make an election, it will automatically be deemed to have elected to receive the distribution in additional depositary units. Depositary unitholders who elect to receive (or are deemed to have elected to receive) additional depositary units will receive units valued at the volume weighted average trading price of the units on Nasdaq during the 5 consecutive trading days ending April 23, 2021. No fractional depositary units will be issued pursuant to the distribution payment. Icahn Enterprises will make a cash payment in lieu of issuing fractional depositary units to any holders electing to receive depositary units. Any holders that would only be eligible to receive a fraction of a depositary unit based on the above calculation will receive a cash payment. For distributions declared by the Board in prior quarters, the default election (for holders that did not make an election) was a cash distribution. The default election (for holders that do not make an election) for the distribution to be paid on or about April 28, 2021 will be a distribution paid in additional depository units, a change from prior quarters.

Icahn Enterprises L.P., a master limited partnership, is a diversified holding company engaged in eight primary business segments: Investment, Energy, Automotive, Food Packaging, Metals, Real Estate, Home Fashion and Pharma.

Caution Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

Results for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for any full fiscal period. This release may contain certain "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, many of which are beyond our ability to control or predict. Forward-looking statements may be identified by words such as "expects," "anticipates," "intends," "plans," "believes," "seeks," "estimates," "will" or words of similar meaning and include, but are not limited to, statements about the expected future business and financial performance of Icahn Enterprises L.P. and its subsidiaries. Actual events, results and outcomes may differ materially from our expectations due to a variety of known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, including risks related to economic downturns, substantial competition and rising operating costs; risks related to the severity, magnitude and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on the global economy, financial markets and industries in which our subsidiaries operate; risks related to our investment activities, including the nature of the investments made by the private funds in which we invest, declines in the fair value of our investments as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, losses in the private funds and loss of key employees; risks related to our ability to continue to conduct our activities in a manner so as to not be deemed an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended; risks related to our energy business, including the volatility and availability of crude oil, declines in global demand for crude oil, refined products and liquid transportation fuels as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, other feed stocks and refined products, unfavorable refining margin (crack spread), interrupted access to pipelines, significant fluctuations in nitrogen fertilizer demand in the agricultural industry and seasonality of results; risks related to our automotive activities and exposure to adverse conditions in the automotive industry, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic; risks related to our food packaging activities, including competition from better capitalized competitors, inability of suppliers to timely deliver raw materials, and the failure to effectively respond to industry changes in casings technology; risks related to our scrap metals activities, including potential environmental exposure; risks related to our real estate activities, including the extent of any tenant bankruptcies and insolvencies; risks related to our home fashion operations, including changes in the availability and price of raw materials, and changes in transportation costs and delivery times; and other risks and uncertainties detailed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Past performance in our Investment segment is not indicative of future performance. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or review any forward-looking information, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(UNAUDITED)

Three Months Ended December 31,

Year Ended December 31,

2020

2019

2020

2019

(In millions, except per unit amounts)

Revenues:

Net sales

$

1,865

$

2,351

$

6,815

$

9,722

Other revenues from operations

148

162

608

666

Net gain (loss) from investment activities

731

37

(1,421

)

(1,931

)

Interest and dividend income

34

73

169

265

(Loss) gain on disposition of assets, net

(22

)

(3

)

(17

)

253

Other (loss) income, net

(4

)

3

(31

)

19

2,752

2,623

6,123

8,994

Expenses:

Cost of goods sold

1,777

2,116

6,320

8,205

Other expenses from operations

119

109

487

528

Selling, general and administrative

302

349

1,191

1,375

Restructuring, net

2

3

10

18

Impairment

5

1

11

2

Interest expense

171

162

688

605

2,376

2,740

8,707

10,733

Income (loss) before income tax (expense) benefit

376

(117

)

(2,584

)

(1,739

)

Income tax (expense) benefit

(2

)

(32

)

116

(20

)

Income (loss) from continuing operations

374

(149

)

(2,468

)

(1,759

)

Loss from discontinued operations

(8

)

(32

)

Net income (loss)

374

(157

)

(2,468

)

(1,791

)

Less: net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests

228

(815

)

(693

)

Net income (loss) attributable to Icahn Enterprises

$

146

$

(157

)

$

(1,653

)

$

(1,098

)

Net income (loss) attributable to Icahn Enterprises from:

Continuing operations

$

146

$

(149

)

$

(1,653

)

$

(1,066

)

Discontinued operations

(8

)

(32

)

$

146

$

(157

)

$

(1,653

)

$

(1,098

)

Net income (loss) attributable to Icahn Enterprises allocated to:

Limited partners

$

143

$

(154

)

$

(1,620

)

$

(1,076

)

General partner

3

(3

)

(33

)

(22

)

$

146

$

(157

)

$

(1,653

)

$

(1,098

)

Basic and diluted income (loss) per LP unit:

Continuing operations

$

0.61

$

(0.70

)

$

(7.33

)

$

(5.23

)

Discontinued operations

(0.04

)

(0.15

)

Basic and diluted income (loss) per LP unit

$

0.61

$

(0.74

)

$

(7.33

)

$

(5.38

)

Basic and diluted weighted average LP units outstanding

233

208

221

200

Cash distributions declared per LP unit

$

2.00

$

2.00

$

8.00

$

8.00

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)

December 31,

2020

2019

(In millions)

ASSETS

Cash and cash equivalents

$

1,699

$

3,794

Cash held at consolidated affiliated partnerships and restricted cash

1,592

1,151

Investments

8,913

9,945

Due from brokers

3,437

858

Accounts receivable, net

502

483

Inventories, net

1,580

1,795

Property, plant and equipment, net

4,228

4,454

Unrealized gain on derivative contracts

785

182

Goodwill

298

282

Intangible assets, net

660

431

Other assets

1,293

1,264

Total Assets

$

24,987

$

24,639

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

Accounts payable

$

738

$

945

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

1,586

1,453

Deferred tax liabilities

569

639

Unrealized loss on derivative contracts

639

1,224

Securities sold, not yet purchased, at fair value

2,521

1,190

Due to brokers

1,618

54

Debt

8,059

8,192

Total liabilities

15,730

13,697

Equity:

Limited partners

4,235

6,268

General partner

(853

)

(812

)

Equity attributable to Icahn Enterprises

3,382

5,456

Equity attributable to non-controlling interests

5,875

5,486

Total equity

9,257

10,942

Total Liabilities and Equity

$

24,987

$

24,639

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The Company uses certain non-GAAP financial measures in evaluating its performance. These include non-GAAP EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, EBIT and Adjusted EBIT. EBITDA represents earnings from continuing operations before interest expense, income tax (benefit) expense and depreciation and amortization. EBIT represents earnings from continuing operations before interest expense and income tax (benefit) expense. We define Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBIT as EBITDA and EBIT, respectively, excluding certain effects of impairment, restructuring costs, certain pension plan expenses, gains/losses on disposition of assets, gains/losses on extinguishment of debt, major scheduled turnaround expenses, certain tax settlements and certain other non-operational charges. We present EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, EBIT and Adjusted EBIT on a consolidated basis and on a basis attributable to Icahn Enterprises net of the effects of non-controlling interests. We conduct substantially all of our operations through subsidiaries. The operating results of our subsidiaries may not be sufficient to make distributions to us. In addition, our subsidiaries are not obligated to make funds available to us for payment of our indebtedness, payment of distributions on our depositary units or otherwise, and distributions and intercompany transfers from our subsidiaries to us may be restricted by applicable law or covenants contained in debt agreements and other agreements to which these subsidiaries currently may be subject or into which they may enter into in the future. The terms of any borrowings of our subsidiaries or other entities in which we own equity may restrict dividends, distributions or loans to us.

We believe that providing EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, EBIT and Adjusted EBIT to investors has economic substance as these measures provide important supplemental information of our performance to investors and permits investors and management to evaluate the core operating performance of our business without regard to interest, taxes and depreciation and amortization and certain effects of impairment, restructuring costs, certain pension plan expenses, gains/losses on disposition of assets, gains/losses on extinguishment of debt, major scheduled turnaround expenses, certain tax settlements and certain other non-operational charges. Additionally, we believe this information is frequently used by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties in the evaluation of companies that have issued debt. Management uses, and believes that investors benefit from referring to, these non-GAAP financial measures in assessing our operating results, as well as in planning, forecasting and analyzing future periods. Adjusting earnings for these charges allows investors to evaluate our performance from period to period, as well as our peers, without the effects of certain items that may vary depending on accounting methods and the book value of assets. Additionally, EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, EBIT and Adjusted EBIT present meaningful measures of performance exclusive of our capital structure and the method by which assets were acquired and financed.

EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, EBIT and Adjusted EBIT have limitations as analytical tools, and you should not consider them in isolation, or as substitutes for analysis of our results as reported under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or U.S. GAAP. For example, EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, EBIT and Adjusted EBIT:

  • do not reflect our cash expenditures, or future requirements for capital expenditures, or contractual commitments;

  • do not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs; and

  • do not reflect the significant interest expense, or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments on our debt.

Although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated or amortized often will have to be replaced in the future, and EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements. Other companies in the industries in which we operate may calculate EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, EBIT and Adjusted EBIT differently than we do, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures. In addition, EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, EBIT and Adjusted EBIT do not reflect the impact of earnings or charges resulting from matters we consider not to be indicative of our ongoing operations.

EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, EBIT and Adjusted EBIT are not measurements of our financial performance under U.S. GAAP and should not be considered as alternatives to net income or any other performance measures derived in accordance with U.S. GAAP or as alternatives to cash flow from operating activities as a measure of our liquidity. Given these limitations, we rely primarily on our U.S. GAAP results and use EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, EBIT and Adjusted EBIT only as a supplemental measure of our financial performance.

Use of Indicative Net Asset Value Data

The Company uses indicative net asset value as an additional method for considering the value of the Company’s assets, and we believe that this information can be helpful to investors. Please note, however, that the indicative net asset value does not represent the market price at which the depositary units trade. Accordingly, data regarding indicative net asset value is of limited use and should not be considered in isolation.

The Company's depositary units are not redeemable, which means that investors have no right or ability to obtain from the Company the indicative net asset value of units that they own. Units may be bought and sold on The Nasdaq Global Select Market at prevailing market prices. Those prices may be higher or lower than the indicative net asset value of the depositary units as calculated by management.

See below for more information on how we calculate the Company’s indicative net asset value.

December 31,

December 31,

2020

2019

(In millions)(Unaudited)

Market-valued Subsidiaries and Investments:

Holding Company interest in Investment Funds(1)

$

4,283

$

4,296

CVR Energy(2)

1,061

2,879

Tenneco(2)

292

386

Total market-valued subsidiaries and investments

$

5,636

$

7,561

Other Subsidiaries:

Viskase(3)

$

285

$

84

Real Estate Holdings(1)

440

474

PSC Metals(1)

128

156

WestPoint Home(1)

141

147

Vivus(1)

262

-

Icahn Automotive Group(1)

1,554

1,750

Total other subsidiaries

$

2,810

$

2,611

Add: Other Holding Company net assets(4)

(12

)

186

Indicative Gross Asset Value

$

8,434

$

10,358

Add: Holding Company cash and cash equivalents(4)

925

3,006

Less: Holding Company debt(4)

(5,811

)

(6,297

)

Indicative Net Asset Value

$

3,548

$

7,067

Indicative net asset value does not purport to reflect a valuation of IEP. The calculated Indicative net asset value does not include any value for our Investment Segment other than the fair market value of our investment in the Investment Funds. A valuation is a subjective exercise and Indicative net asset value does not necessarily consider all elements or consider in the adequate proportion the elements that could affect the valuation of IEP. Investors may reasonably differ on what such elements are and their impact on IEP. No representation or assurance, expressed or implied is made as to the accuracy and correctness of indicative net asset value as of these dates or with respect to any future indicative or prospective results which may vary.

(1) Represents equity attributable to us as of each respective date.
(2) Based on closing share price on each date (or if such date was not a trading day, the immediately preceding trading day) and the number of shares owned by the Holding Company as of each respective date.
(3) Amounts based on market comparables due to lack of material trading volume, valued at 9.0x Adjusted EBITDA for the twelve months ended December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.
(4) Holding Company’s balance as of each respective date.

Three Months Ended December 31,

Year Ended December 31,

2020

2019

2020

2019

(In millions)(Unaudited)

Adjusted EBITDA

Net income (loss)

$

374

($

149

)

($

2,468

)

($

1,759

)

Interest expense, net

169

150

670

545

Income tax expense (benefit)

2

32

(116

)

20

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

131

130

510

519

EBITDA before non-controlling interests

676

163

(1,404

)

(675

)

Impairment of assets

5

1

11

2

Restructuring costs

2

3

10

18

Non-service cost of U.S. based pension

-

-

-

2

(Gain) loss on disposition of assets, net

17

2

10

(249

)

Other

26

22

119

59

Adjusted EBITDA before non-controlling interests

$

726

$

191

($

1,254

)

($

843

)

Adjusted EBITDA attributable to IEP

Net income (loss)

$

146

($

149

)

($

1,653

)

($

1,066

)

Interest expense, net

124

114

499

428

Income tax expense (benefit)

9

28

(80

)

(7

)

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

92

89

352

356

EBITDA attributable to IEP

371

82

(882

)

(289

)

Impairment of assets

5

1

11

2

Restructuring costs

2

3

10

16

Non-service cost of U.S. based pension

-

-

-

2

(Gain) loss on disposition of assets, net

17

2

10

(249

)

Other

25

23

113

56

Adjusted EBITDA attributable to IEP

$

420

$

111

($

738

)

($

462

)


Three Months Ended December 31,

Year Ended December 31,

2020

2019

2020

2019

(In millions)(Unaudited)

Adjusted EBIT

Net income (loss)

$

374

($

149

)

($

2,468

)

($

1,759

)

Interest expense, net

169

150

670

545

Income tax expense (benefit)

2

32

(116

)

20

EBIT before non-controlling interests

545

33

(1,914

)

(1,194

)

Impairment of assets

5

1

11

2

Restructuring costs

2

3

10

18

Non-service cost of U.S. based pension

-

-

-

2

(Gain) loss on disposition of assets, net

17

2

10

(249

)

Other

26

22

119

59

Adjusted EBIT before non-controlling interests

$

595

$

61

($

1,764

)

($

1,362

)

Adjusted EBIT attributable to IEP

Net income (loss)

$

146

($

149

)

($

1,653

)

($

1,066

)

Interest expense, net

124

114

499

428

Income tax expense (benefit)

9

28

(80

)

(7

)

EBIT attributable to IEP

279

(7

)

(1,234

)

(645

)

Impairment of assets

5

1

11

2

Restructuring costs

2

3

10

16

Non-service cost of U.S. based pension

-

-

-

2

(Gain) loss on disposition of assets, net

17

2

10

(249

)

Other

25

23

113

56

Adjusted EBIT attributable to IEP

$

328

$

22

($

1,090

)

($

818

)

Investor Contacts:
SungHwan Cho, Chief Financial Officer
(305) 422-4000