U.S. markets closed
  • S&P 500

    4,228.48
    -55.26 (-1.29%)
     
  • Dow 30

    33,706.74
    -292.30 (-0.86%)
     
  • Nasdaq

    12,705.21
    -260.13 (-2.01%)
     
  • Russell 2000

    1,957.35
    -43.38 (-2.17%)
     
  • Crude Oil

    89.91
    -0.59 (-0.65%)
     
  • Gold

    1,760.30
    -10.90 (-0.62%)
     
  • Silver

    18.97
    -0.50 (-2.56%)
     
  • EUR/USD

    1.0044
    -0.0048 (-0.47%)
     
  • 10-Yr Bond

    2.9890
    +0.1090 (+3.78%)
     
  • GBP/USD

    1.1823
    -0.0109 (-0.92%)
     
  • USD/JPY

    136.9300
    +1.0680 (+0.79%)
     
  • BTC-USD

    21,128.90
    -1,677.62 (-7.36%)
     
  • CMC Crypto 200

    504.88
    -36.72 (-6.78%)
     
  • FTSE 100

    7,550.37
    +8.52 (+0.11%)
     
  • Nikkei 225

    28,930.33
    -11.81 (-0.04%)
     

An Intrinsic Calculation For The Warehouse Group Limited (NZSE:WHS) Suggests It's 45% Undervalued

  • Oops!
    Something went wrong.
    Please try again later.
·6 min read
In this article:
  • Oops!
    Something went wrong.
    Please try again later.

Today we will run through one way of estimating the intrinsic value of The Warehouse Group Limited (NZSE:WHS) by projecting its future cash flows and then discounting them to today's value. Our analysis will employ the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. There's really not all that much to it, even though it might appear quite complex.

Companies can be valued in a lot of ways, so we would point out that a DCF is not perfect for every situation. If you want to learn more about discounted cash flow, the rationale behind this calculation can be read in detail in the Simply Wall St analysis model.

See our latest analysis for Warehouse Group

Crunching the numbers

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2023

2024

2025

2026

2027

2028

2029

2030

2031

2032

Levered FCF (NZ$, Millions)

NZ$158.2m

NZ$129.1m

NZ$113.3m

NZ$104.3m

NZ$99.1m

NZ$96.3m

NZ$95.0m

NZ$94.7m

NZ$95.0m

NZ$95.9m

Growth Rate Estimate Source

Est @ -27.14%

Est @ -18.38%

Est @ -12.25%

Est @ -7.95%

Est @ -4.95%

Est @ -2.85%

Est @ -1.37%

Est @ -0.34%

Est @ 0.38%

Est @ 0.88%

Present Value (NZ$, Millions) Discounted @ 6.2%

NZ$149

NZ$114

NZ$94.5

NZ$81.9

NZ$73.3

NZ$67.0

NZ$62.2

NZ$58.3

NZ$55.1

NZ$52.4

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = NZ$808m

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (2.1%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 6.2%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2032 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = NZ$96m× (1 + 2.1%) ÷ (6.2%– 2.1%) = NZ$2.3b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= NZ$2.3b÷ ( 1 + 6.2%)10= NZ$1.3b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is NZ$2.1b. The last step is to then divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of NZ$3.3, the company appears quite good value at a 45% discount to where the stock price trades currently. The assumptions in any calculation have a big impact on the valuation, so it is better to view this as a rough estimate, not precise down to the last cent.

dcf
dcf

The assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Warehouse Group as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 6.2%, which is based on a levered beta of 0.985. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Next Steps:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation ideally won't be the sole piece of analysis you scrutinize for a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. Can we work out why the company is trading at a discount to intrinsic value? For Warehouse Group, we've compiled three essential aspects you should consider:

  1. Risks: To that end, you should be aware of the 1 warning sign we've spotted with Warehouse Group .

  2. Future Earnings: How does WHS's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.

  3. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the NZSE every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.

This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.

Join A Paid User Research Session
You’ll receive a US$30 Amazon Gift card for 1 hour of your time while helping us build better investing tools for the individual investors like yourself. Sign up here