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Investors Shunning Stocks Could Upset the Biggest China IPO in Years

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Investors Shunning Stocks Could Upset the Biggest China IPO in Years

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What’s poised to be China’s biggest listing since 2015 faces a headwind: investors are losing interest in mainland stocks.

State-owned lender Postal Savings Bank of China Co. is looking to raise around 28.4 billion yuan ($4 billion) in what would be the largest onshore share sale since 2015. It follows a flurry of initial public offerings that have faded quickly, amid slumping trading activity and a steady decline in new stock accounts that signals a lack of exuberance in China’s market.

It contrasts with the start of the year when turnover surged beyond 1 trillion yuan for the first time in years and multiple gauges roared into bull markets. Such confidence has since been eroded by the twists and turns of U.S.-China trade negotiations, a slowing economy and weakness in corporate earnings.

Lackluster debuts on Shanghai’s new Star market haven’t helped, with the board losing its shine amid a flood of issuance. Of the 37 stocks listed in the A-share market since Oct. 29, seven have dropped below their IPO price, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.

“Investors are leaving the stock market, because the market is lacking in money-making opportunities,” said Jiang Liangqing, a money manager at Ruisen Capital Management in Beijing. “It has become more common for new listings to flop.”

Turnover on mainland exchanges was down 74% from March’s high as of Thursday. The Shanghai Composite hasn’t moved by more than 2% since August, while 30-day volatility is at its lowest since early 2018. The number of new stock trading accounts dropped 18% in October from September, the third monthly decline in a row.

One of China’s largest state-owned lenders, Postal Bank would potentially be the world’s fourth-largest listing this year behind Alibaba Group Holding Ltd.’s $11 billion share sale this month, Uber Technologies Inc.’s $8.1 billion IPO in May and that of Budweiser Brewing Co. in September. The date for subscription for Postal Bank’s Shanghai listing is Thursday, according to a filing to the stock exchange.

“Postal Bank, as a large-cap stock, will face pressure under the current market conditions,” said Yang Delong, chief economist at First Seafront Fund. “Market turnover is low and liquidity is not abundant. There is a chance that some retail investors will want to back out from the subscription.”

For years, stock debuts in China were a slam-dunk trade, valued at no more than 23 times earnings and typically popping by 44% on their first day. Curbs on supply and valuations saw mainland IPOs bring more than 400%-a-month returns. That all changed this year when regulators eased restrictions for Star market stocks, though those changes have yet to be rolled out to other venues.

On Tuesday, China Zheshang Bank Co. made the worst mainland trading debut since Haixin Foods Co. in 2012, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The Zhejiang-based lender rose a mere 0.6% on Shanghai’s main board, before tumbling nearly 5% on its second day of trading. The Shanghai Composite Index closed down 0.5% Thursday.

“The stock market is lacking any catalysts, so investors believe it will be range-bound for the foreseeable future,” said Ge Shoujing, a Beijing-based senior analyst at the Reality Institute of Advanced Finance.

“Institutional investors are locking up their profits ahead of the year’s end,” he said. “If the stock market isn’t falling, then that’s good enough.”

(Updates with market moves and chart. An earlier version of this story was corrected for an incorrect Uber IPO value.)

--With assistance from Siying He.

To contact Bloomberg News staff for this story: Ken Wang in Beijing at ywang1690@bloomberg.net;Zheng Li in Shanghai at zli698@bloomberg.net

To contact the editors responsible for this story: Sofia Horta e Costa at shortaecosta@bloomberg.net, David Watkins

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