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Iron Mountain Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2020 Results

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Iron Mountain Incorporated (NYSE: IRM), the storage and information management services company, announces financial and operating results for the fourth quarter and full year 2020. The conference call / webcast details, earnings call presentation and supplemental financial information, which includes definitions of certain capitalized terms used in this release, are available on Iron Mountain’s Investor Relations website. Reconciliations of non-GAAP measures to the appropriate GAAP measures are included herein.

"We couldn’t be more pleased with the way our Mountaineers navigated the challenging environment in 2020, brought on by COVID-19," said William L. Meaney, president and CEO of Iron Mountain. "Throughout the pandemic, we were laser focused on execution and controlling those factors that we could, leading to outperformance against our own internal expectations through the last three quarters of 2020. This resulted in continued strength in total storage rental revenue, which grew nearly 4% on a constant-currency basis and 2.4% organically in 2020. Service revenue declines continued to offset the strong storage performance. Importantly, we grew Adjusted EBITDA 1.3% when adjusting for currency, whilst our margin expanded 110 basis points. This all in spite of total revenue being down $115 million due to service activity declines. I want to especially thank our teams across the globe who stayed focused in the face of so many obvious distractions. Our success is a reflection of our Mountaineers’ dedication, and most importantly I have been inspired by the way our teams looked after both the physical and mental health of each other as they navigated the threats from COVID, both at work and at home."

Meaney continued, "Finally, as we look to 2021 and beyond, I’ve never been more optimistic about our opportunities for growth at any other time in our history, even with the anticipated continued headwinds due to COVID-19 impacting the revenue from our traditional service areas. This is in large part due to our decision not to dial back on our investment in innovation and new product development, so that we could provide more solutions to our customers, not just in the COVID crisis, but post-crisis."

Financial Performance Highlights for the Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2020

($ in millions, except per share data)

Three Months Ended

Full-Year Ended

12/31/20

12/31/19

Y/Y %
Change

12/31/20

12/31/19

Y/Y %
Change

Storage Rental Revenue

$697

$676

3%

$2,754

$2,681

3%

Service Revenue

$362

$404

(10)%

$1,393

$1,581

(12)%

Total Revenue

$1,060

$1,080

(2)%

$4,147

$4,263

(3)%

Income From Continuing Operations

$247

$37

565%

$343

$268

28%

Adjusted EBITDA

$374

$393

(5)%

$1,476

$1,469

0%

Net Income

$247

$37

565%

$343

$268

28%

Reported EPS - Fully Diluted from Continuing Operations

$0.86

$0.13

562%

$1.19

$0.93

28%

AFFO

$191

$233

(18)%

$888

$867

2%

AFFO per share

$0.66

$0.81

(18)%

$3.07

$3.01

2%

  • Total reported Revenues for the fourth quarter were $1.06 billion, compared with $1.08 billion in the fourth quarter of 2019, a decrease of 1.8%. Excluding the impact of foreign currency exchange (FX), total reported Revenues declined 2.2% compared to the prior year, driven by a 10.8% decline in Service revenue, partially offset by a 2.9% increase in Storage revenue. For the full year, total reported Revenues decreased 2.7%, or 1.7%, excluding the impact of FX.

  • Income from Continuing Operations for the fourth quarter was $246.8 million, compared with $37.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2019. The following items were included in the fourth quarters of 2020 and 2019, respectively:

    • Restructuring Charges of $65.7 million associated with the implementation of Project Summit compared to $48.6 million.

    • Significant Acquisition Costs of $4.7 million in the fourth quarter of 2019.

    • Gain on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net of $285.4 million compared to $46.7 million, primarily related to the company's capital recycling program.

For the full year, Income from Continuing Operations was $343.1 million, compared with $268.2 million in 2019. The following items were included in the full year ended 2020 and 2019, respectively:

  • Restructuring Charges of $194.4 million compared to $48.6 million.

  • Significant Acquisition Costs of $13.3 million in 2019.

  • Gain on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net of $363.5 million compared to $63.8 million, primarily related to the company's capital recycling program.

  • Intangible Impairment charge of $23.0 million related to the writedown of goodwill associated with the Fine Arts business in 2020.

  • Debt extinguishment charge of $68.3 million related to the early extinguishment of several of the company's Notes in 2020.

  • Adjusted EBITDA for the fourth quarter was $374.2 million, compared with $393.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2019, a decrease of 4.8%. On a constant currency basis, Adjusted EBITDA decreased by 5.3%, driven in part by the aforementioned decline in Service revenue, partially offset by the benefits of Project Summit and the flow through from revenue management. For the full year, Adjusted EBITDA was $1.48 billion, compared with $1.47 billion in 2019, an increase of 0.5%, and excludes $9.3 million of direct and incremental costs related to COVID-19 incurred in the second quarter, as previously disclosed. Excluding the impact of FX, Adjusted EBITDA increased 1.3% for the full year.

  • Reported EPS - Fully Diluted from Continuing Operations for the fourth quarter was $0.86, compared with $0.13 in the fourth quarter of 2019. For the full year, Reported EPS - Fully Diluted from Continuing Operations was $1.19, compared with $0.93 in 2019.

  • Adjusted EPS for the fourth quarter was $0.29, compared with $0.33 in the fourth quarter of 2019. For the full year, Adjusted EPS was $1.19, compared with $1.11 in 2019. Adjusted EPS reflects a structural tax rate of 15.1% in 2020 and 17.6% in 2019.

  • Net Income for the fourth quarter was $246.8 million compared with $37.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2019. For the full year, Net Income was $343.1 million compared with $268.3 million in 2019. Net Income in the fourth quarters and full years of 2020 and 2019 included the aforementioned items that impacted Income from Continuing Operations.

  • FFO (Normalized) per share was $0.60 for the fourth quarter, compared with $0.67 in the fourth quarter of 2019, or a decrease of 10.4%. For the full year, FFO (Normalized) per share was $2.42, compared with $2.38 in 2019, an increase of 1.5%.

  • AFFO was $190.8 million for the fourth quarter, compared with $233.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2019, a decrease of 18.2%. For the full year, AFFO was $887.5 million, compared with $867.0 million in 2019, an increase of 2.4%.

  • AFFO per share was $0.66 for the fourth quarter, compared with $0.81 in the fourth quarter of 2019, or a decrease of 18.5%. For the full year, AFFO per share was $3.07, compared with $3.01 in 2019, an increase of 2.0%.

Project Summit Update

Iron Mountain generated Adjusted EBITDA benefits of $165 million in 2020, consistent with its most recent expectations, and significantly ahead of initial estimates of $80 million, reflecting strong execution and swift and decisive actions on early initiatives. Iron Mountain continues to expect Project Summit to generate $375 million of Adjusted EBITDA benefits exiting 2021, with a total cost to implement these benefits of approximately $450 million.

Non-GAAP Metrics Definition Update

After a comprehensive review of its non-GAAP metrics and definitions, Iron Mountain has implemented a number of changes to the definitions and methodology it uses for calculating non-GAAP results. These changes were implemented to align Iron Mountain's definitions more closely with its peers. The updates include changes to how the company reflects unconsolidated joint ventures, stock based compensation expense, and growth capital expenditures in its non-GAAP measures.

All prior periods have been restated to conform to these presentation changes.

For 2020 the net impact for key metrics resulted in increases of $26 million for Adjusted EBITDA, $0.08 for Adjusted EPS, and $7 million for AFFO. All of the changes are effective with fourth quarter reporting and a full reconciliation can be seen in the fourth quarter earnings presentation and on the Investor Relations website under Quarterly Earnings.

Guidance

Iron Mountain issued full-year 2021 guidance; details are summarized in the table below. Additional guidance details and assumptions are available on Page 9 of the Q4 2020 supplemental financial information.

2021 Guidance

($ in millions, except per share data)

2020 Results

2021 Guidance

Y/Y % Change

Total Revenue

$4,147

$4,325 - $4,475

4% - 8%

Adjusted EBITDA

$1,476

$1,575 - $1,625

7% - 10%

AFFO

$888

$945 - $995

7% - 12%

AFFO Per Share

$3.07

$3.25 - $3.42

6% - 11%

Dividend

On February 24, 2021, Iron Mountain's board of directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.6185 per share for the first quarter. The first-quarter 2021 dividend is payable on April 6, 2021, for shareholders of record on March 15, 2021.

About Iron Mountain

Iron Mountain Incorporated (NYSE: IRM), founded in 1951, is the global leader for storage and information management services. Trusted by more than 225,000 organizations around the world, and with a real estate network of nearly 93 million square feet across approximately 1,450 facilities in 56 countries, Iron Mountain stores and protects billions of valued assets, including critical business information, highly sensitive data, and cultural and historical artifacts. Providing solutions that include secure records storage, information management, digital transformation, secure destruction, as well as data centers, cloud services and art storage and logistics, Iron Mountain helps customers lower cost and risk, comply with regulations, recover from disaster, and enable a more digital way of working. Visit www.ironmountain.com for more information.

Forward Looking Statements

We have made statements in this press release that constitute "forward-looking statements" as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other securities laws. These forward-looking statements concern our operations, economic performance, financial condition, goals, beliefs, future growth strategies, investment objectives, plans and current expectations, such as our (1) 2021 guidance as well as our expectations for growth, including growth opportunities and growth rates for revenue by segment, organic revenue, organic volume and other metrics, (2) expectations and assumptions regarding the impact from the COVID-19 pandemic on us and our customers, including on our businesses, financial position, results of operations and cash flows, (3) expected benefits, costs and actions related to, and timing of, Project Summit, (4) expectations as to our capital allocation strategy, including our future investments, leverage ratio, dividend payments and possible funding sources (including real estate monetization) and capital expenditures, (5) expectations regarding the closing of pending acquisitions and investments, and (6) other forward-looking statements related to our business, results of operations and financial condition.

These forward-looking statements are subject to various known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, and you should not rely upon them except as statements of our present intentions and of our present expectations, which may or may not occur. When we use words such as "believes," "expects," "anticipates," "estimates," "plans" or similar expressions, we are making forward-looking statements. Although we believe that our forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, our expected results may not be achieved, and actual results may differ materially from our expectations. In addition, important factors that could cause actual results to differ from expectations include, among others: (i) the severity and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic and its effects on the global economy, including its effects on us, the markets we serve and our customers and the third parties with whom we do business within those markets; (ii) our ability to execute on Project Summit and the potential impacts of Project Summit on our ability to retain and recruit employees; (iii) our ability to remain qualified for taxation as a real estate investment trust for United States federal income tax purposes; (iv) changes in customer preferences and demand for our storage and information management services, including as a result of the shift from paper and tape storage to alternative technologies that require less physical space; (v) our ability or inability to execute our strategic growth plan, including our ability to invest according to plan, incorporate new digital information technologies into our offerings, achieve satisfactory returns on new product offerings, continue our revenue management, expand internationally, complete acquisitions on satisfactory terms, integrate acquired companies efficiently and grow our business through joint ventures; (vi) changes in the amount of our capital expenditures; (vii) our ability to raise debt or equity capital and changes in the cost of our debt; (viii) the cost and our ability to comply with laws, regulations and customer demands, including those relating to data security and privacy issues, as well as fire and safety and environmental standards; (ix) the impact of litigation or disputes that may arise in connection with incidents in which we fail to protect our customers' information or our internal records or information technology systems and the impact of such incidents on our reputation and ability to compete; (x) changes in the price for our storage and information management services relative to the cost of providing such storage and information management services; (xi) changes in the political and economic environments in the countries in which our international subsidiaries operate and changes in the global political climate, particularly as we consolidate operations and move records and data across borders; (xii) our ability to comply with our existing debt obligations and restrictions in our debt instruments; (xiii) the impact of service interruptions or equipment damage and the cost of power on our data center operations; (xiv) the cost or potential liabilities associated with real estate necessary for our business; (xv) failures in our adoption of new IT systems; (xvi) other trends in competitive or economic conditions affecting our financial condition or results of operations not presently contemplated; and (xvii) the other risks described in our periodic reports filed with the SEC, including under the caption "Risk Factors" in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements appearing in this report.

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures:

Throughout this release, Iron Mountain discusses (1) Adjusted EBITDA, (2) Adjusted Earnings per Share ("Adjusted EPS"), (3) Funds from Operations ("FFO Nareit"), (4) FFO (Normalized) and (5) Adjusted Funds from Operations ("AFFO"). These measures do not conform to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP"). These non-GAAP measures are supplemental metrics designed to enhance our disclosure and to provide additional information that we believe to be important for investors to consider in addition to, but not as a substitute for, other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP, such as operating income, income (loss) from continuing operations, net income (loss) attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated or cash flows from operating activities from continuing operations (as determined in accordance with GAAP). The reconciliation of these measures to the appropriate GAAP measure, as required by Regulation G under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and their definitions are included later in this release.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited; dollars in thousands)

12/31/2020

12/31/2019

ASSETS

Current Assets:

Cash and Cash Equivalents

$205,063

$193,555

Accounts Receivable, Net

859,344

850,701

Other Current Assets

205,380

192,083

Total Current Assets

$1,269,787

$1,236,339

Property, Plant and Equipment:

Property, Plant and Equipment

$8,246,337

$8,048,906

Less: Accumulated Depreciation

(3,743,894)

(3,425,869)

Property, Plant and Equipment, Net

$4,502,443

$4,623,037

Other Assets, Net:

Goodwill

$4,557,609

$4,485,209

Customer Relationships, Customer Inducements and Data Center Lease-Based Intangibles

1,326,977

1,393,183

Operating Lease Right-of-use Assets

2,196,502

1,869,101

Other

295,949

209,947

Total Other Assets, Net

$8,377,037

$7,957,440

Total Assets

$14,149,267

$13,816,816

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

Current Liabilities:

Current Portion of Long-term Debt

$193,759

$389,013

Accounts Payable

359,863

324,708

Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities

1,146,288

961,752

Deferred Revenue

295,785

274,036

Total Current Liabilities

$1,995,695

$1,949,509

Long-term Debt, Net of Current Portion

8,509,555

8,275,566

Long-term Operating Lease Liabilities, Net of Current Portion

2,044,598

1,728,686

Other Long-term Liabilities (1)

462,690

398,828

Total Long-term Liabilities

$11,016,843

$10,403,080

Total Liabilities

$13,012,538

$12,352,589

Equity

Total Stockholders' Equity

$1,136,729

$1,463,962

Noncontrolling Interests

265

Total Equity

$1,136,729

$1,464,227

Total Liabilities and Equity

$14,149,267

$13,816,816

(1) Includes redeemable noncontrolling interests of $59.8M and $67.7M as of December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

Quarterly Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited; dollars in thousands, except per-share data)

Q4 2020

Q3 2020

Q/Q %
Change

Q4 2019

Y/Y %
Change

Revenues:

Storage Rental

$697,294

$696,294

0.1

%

$675,507

3.2

%

Service

362,359

340,353

6.5

%

404,083

(10.3)

%

Total Revenues

$1,059,653

$1,036,647

2.2

%

$1,079,590

(1.8)

%

Operating Expenses:

Cost of Sales (excluding Depreciation and Amortization)

449,224

434,505

3.4

%

459,488

(2.2)

%

Selling, General and Administrative

236,438

232,095

1.9

%

233,647

1.2

%

Depreciation and Amortization

168,383

157,252

7.1

%

173,825

(3.1)

%

Significant Acquisition Costs

4,696

n/a

Restructuring Charges

65,681

48,371

35.8

%

48,597

35.2

%

(Gain) Loss on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net

(285,366)

(75,840)

276.3

%

(46,737)

510.6

%

Total Operating Expenses

634,359

796,383

(20.3)

%

873,515

(27.4)

%

Operating Income (Loss)

425,294

240,264

77.0

%

206,075

106.4

%

Interest Expense, Net

105,127

104,303

0.8

%

104,871

0.2

%

Other Expense (Income), Net

77,108

83,465

(7.6)

%

47,295

63.0

%

Income (Loss) before Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes

243,060

52,496

363.0

%

53,910

350.9

%

(Benefit) Provision for Income Taxes

(3,695)

13,934

(126.5)

%

16,805

(122.0)

%

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations

246,755

38,562

539.9

%

37,104

565.0

%

Income (Loss) from Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax

Net Income (Loss)

$246,755

$38,562

539.9

%

$37,104

565.0

%

Less: Net (Loss) Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

(656)

168

(489.7)

%

(596)

10.0

%

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated

$247,411

$38,394

544.4

%

$37,700

556.3

%

Earnings (Losses) per Share - Basic:

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations

$0.86

$0.13

561.5

%

$0.13

561.5

%

Total Income (Loss) from Discontinued Operations

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated

$0.86

$0.13

561.5

%

$0.13

561.5

%

Earnings (Losses) per Share - Diluted:

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations

$0.86

$0.13

561.5

%

$0.13

561.5

%

Total Income (Loss) from Discontinued Operations

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated

$0.86

$0.13

561.5

%

$0.13

561.5

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Basic

288,419

288,403

0.0

%

287,277

0.4

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Diluted

289,161

288,811

0.1

%

288,082

0.4

%

Full-Year Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited; dollars in thousands, except per-share data)

Full Year 2020

Full Year 2019

% Change

Revenues:

Storage Rental

$2,754,091

$2,681,087

2.7

%

Service

1,393,179

1,581,497

(11.9)

%

Total Revenues

$4,147,270

$4,262,584

(2.7)

%

Operating Expenses:

Cost of Sales (excluding Depreciation and Amortization)(1)

1,757,342

1,833,315

(4.1)

%

Selling, General and Administrative(2)

949,215

991,664

(4.3)

%

Depreciation and Amortization

652,069

658,201

(0.9)

%

Significant Acquisition Costs

13,293

n/a

Restructuring Charges

194,396

48,597

300.0

%

Intangible Impairments

23,000

(Gain) Loss on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net

(363,537)

(63,824)

469.6

%

Total Operating Expenses

3,212,485

3,481,246

(7.7)

%

Operating Income (Loss)

934,785

781,338

19.6

%

Interest Expense, Net

418,535

419,298

(0.2)

%

Other Expense (Income), Net

143,545

33,898

323.5

%

Income (Loss) before Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes

372,705

328,142

13.6

%

(Benefit) Provision for Income Taxes

29,609

59,931

(50.6)

%

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations

343,096

268,211

27.9

%

Income (Loss) from Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax

104

n/a

Net Income (Loss)

$343,096

$268,315

27.9

%

Less: Net (Loss) Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

403

938

(57.0)

%

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated

$342,693

$267,377

28.2

%

Earnings (Losses) per Share - Basic:

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations

$1.19

$0.93

28.0

%

Total Income (Loss) from Discontinued Operations

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated

$1.19

$0.93

28.0

%

Earnings (Losses) per Share - Diluted:

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations

$1.19

$0.93

28.0

%

Total Income (Loss) from Discontinued Operations

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated

$1.19

$0.93

28.0

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Basic

288,183

286,971

0.4

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Diluted

288,643

287,687

0.3

%

(1) Includes $7.6M of direct and incremental costs related to COVID-19 in 2020.

(2) Includes $1.6M of direct and incremental costs related to COVID-19 in 2020.

Quarterly Reconciliation of Income from Continuing Operations to Adjusted EBITDA

(Dollars in thousands)

Q4 2020

Q3 2020

Q/Q %
Change

Q4 2019

Y/Y %
Change

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations

$246,755

$38,562

539.9

%

$37,104

565.0

%

Add / (Deduct):

Interest Expense, Net

105,127

104,303

0.8

%

104,871

0.2

%

(Benefit) Provision for Income Taxes

(3,695)

13,934

(126.5)

%

16,805

(122.0)

%

Depreciation and Amortization

168,383

157,252

7.1

%

173,825

(3.1)

%

Significant Acquisition Costs

4,696

n/a

Restructuring Charges

65,681

48,371

35.8

%

48,597

35.2

%

(Gain) Loss on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net (Including Real Estate)

(285,366)

(75,840)

276.3

%

(46,737)

510.6

%

Other Expense (Income), Net, Excluding our Share of Losses (Gains) from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

74,212

81,190

(8.6)

%

45,193

64.2

%

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

2,216

8,065

(72.5)...

%

8,059

(72.5)

%

Our Share of Adjusted EBITDA Reconciling Items from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

935

175

434.6

%

712

31.3

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$374,247

$376,012...

(0.5)

%

$393,125

(4.8)

%

Adjusted EBITDA

During the fourth quarter of 2020, we changed our definition of Adjusted EBITDA to (a) exclude stock-based compensation expense and (b) include our share of Adjusted EBITDA from our unconsolidated joint ventures. All prior periods have been recast to conform to these changes. We now define Adjusted EBITDA as income (loss) from continuing operations before interest expense, net, provision (benefit) for income taxes, depreciation and amortization (inclusive of our share of Adjusted EBITDA from our unconsolidated joint ventures), and excluding certain items we do not believe to be indicative of our core operating results, specifically: (i) Significant Acquisition Costs; (ii) Restructuring Charges; (iii) Intangible impairments; (iv) (Gain) loss on disposal/write-down of property, plant and equipment, net (including real estate); (v) Other expense (income), net; (vi) Stock-based compensation expense; and (vii) COVID-19 Costs. Adjusted EBITDA Margin is calculated by dividing Adjusted EBITDA by total revenues. We use multiples of current or projected Adjusted EBITDA in conjunction with our discounted cash flow models to determine our estimated overall enterprise valuation and to evaluate acquisition targets. We believe Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin provide our current and potential investors with relevant and useful information regarding our ability to generate cash flows to support business investment. These measures are an integral part of the internal reporting system we use to assess and evaluate the operating performance of our business.

Adjusted EBITDA excludes both interest expense, net and the provision (benefit) for income taxes. These expenses are associated with our capitalization and tax structures, which we do not consider when evaluating the operating profitability of our core operations. Adjusted EBITDA also does not include depreciation and amortization expenses, in order to eliminate the impact of capital investments, which we evaluate by comparing capital expenditures to incremental revenue generated and as a percentage of total revenues. Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP"), such as operating income, income (loss) from continuing operations, net income (loss) or cash flows from operating activities from continuing operations (as determined in accordance with GAAP).

Full-Year Reconciliation of Income from Continuing Operations to Adjusted EBITDA

(Dollars in thousands)

Full Year 2020

Full Year 2019

% Change

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations

$343,096

$268,211

27.9

%

Add / (Deduct):

Interest Expense, Net

418,535

419,298

(0.2)

%

Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes

29,609

59,931

(50.6)

%

Depreciation and Amortization

652,069

658,201

(0.9)

%

Significant Acquisition Costs

13,293

n/a

Restructuring Charges

194,396

48,597

300.0

%

Intangible Impairments

23,000

(Gain) Loss on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net (Including Real Estate)

(363,537)

(63,824)

469.6

%

Other Expense (Income), Net, Excluding our Share of Losses (Gains) from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

133,611

25,720

419.5

%

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

34,272

36,194

(5.3)

%

COVID-19 Costs

9,285

Our Share of Adjusted EBITDA Reconciling Items from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

1,385

3,388

(59.1)

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$1,475,721

$1,469,009

0.5

%

Quarterly Reconciliation of Reported Earnings per Share to Adjusted Earnings per Share

Q4 2020

Q3 2020

Q/Q %
Change

Q4 2019

Y/Y %
Change

Reported EPS - Fully Diluted from Continuing Operations

$0.86

$0.13

561.5

%

$0.13

561.5

%

Add / (Deduct):

Significant Acquisition Costs

0.02

n/a

Restructuring Charges

0.23

0.17

35.3

%

0.17

35.3

%

(Gain) Loss on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net

(0.99)

(0.26)

280.8

%

(0.16)

518.8

%

Other Expense (Income), Net, Excluding Gains (Losses) from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

0.26

0.28

(7.1)

%

0.16

62.5

%

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

0.01

0.03

(66.7)

%

0.03

(66.7)

%

Tax Impact of Reconciling Items and Discrete Tax Items (1)

(0.06)

(0.02)

200.0

%

(0.01)

500.0

%

Adjusted EPS - Fully Diluted from Continuing Operations

$0.29

$0.33

(12.1)

%

$0.33

(12.1)

%

(1) The difference between our effective tax rates and our structural tax rate (or adjusted effective tax rates) for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, is primarily due to (i) the reconciling items above, which impact our reported income (loss) from continuing operations before provision (benefit) for income taxes but have an insignificant impact on our reported provision (benefit) for income taxes and (ii) other discrete tax items. Our structural tax rate for purposes of the calculation of Adjusted EPS for the quarter ended September 31, 2020 and the quarters and years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 was 16.3%, 15.1% and 17.6%, respectively. The Tax Impact of Reconciling Items and Discrete Tax Items is calculated using the current quarter’s estimate of the annual structural tax rate for the full year. This may result in the current period adjustment plus prior reported quarterly adjustments not summing to the full year adjustment.

Adjusted Earnings Per Share, or Adjusted EPS

During the fourth quarter of 2020, we changed our definition of Adjusted EPS to (a) exclude stock-based compensation expense and (b) include our share of adjusted losses (gains) from our unconsolidated joint ventures. All prior periods have been recast to conform to these changes. We now define Adjusted EPS as reported earnings per share fully diluted from continuing operations (inclusive of our share of adjusted losses (gains) from our unconsolidated joint ventures) and excluding certain items, specifically: (i) Significant Acquisition Costs; (ii) Restructuring Charges; (iii) Intangible impairments; (iv) (Gain) loss on disposal/write-down of property, plant and equipment, net (including real estate); (v) Other expense (income), net; (vi) Stock-based compensation expense; (vii) COVID-19 Costs, and (viii) Tax impact of reconciling items and discrete tax items. We do not believe these excluded items to be indicative of our ongoing operating results, and they are not considered when we are forecasting our future results. We believe Adjusted EPS is of value to our current and potential investors when comparing our results from past, present and future periods.

Full-Year Reconciliation of Reported Earnings per Share to Adjusted Earnings per Share

Full Year 2020

Full Year 2019

% Change

Reported EPS - Fully Diluted from Continuing Operations

$1.19

$0.93

28.0

%

Add / (Deduct):

Significant Acquisition Costs

0.05

n/a

Restructuring Charges

0.67

0.17

294.1

%

Intangible Impairments

0.08

(Gain) Loss on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net

(1.26)

(0.22)

472.7

%

Other Expense (Income), Net, Excluding Gains (Losses) from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

0.46

0.09

411.1

%

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

0.12

0.13

(7.7)

%

COVID-19 Costs

0.03

Tax Impact of Reconciling Items and Discrete Tax Items (1)

(0.11)

(0.03)

266.7

%

Adjusted EPS - Fully Diluted from Continuing Operations

$1.19

$1.11

7.2

%

(1) The difference between our effective tax rate and our structural tax rate (or adjusted effective tax rate) for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 is primarily due to (i) the reconciling items above, which impact our reported income (loss) from continuing operations before provision (benefit) for income taxes but have an insignificant impact on our reported provision (benefit) for income taxes and (ii) other discrete tax items. Our structural tax rate for purposes of the calculation of Adjusted EPS for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 was 15.1% and 17.6%, respectively. The Tax Impact of Reconciling Items and Discrete Tax Items is calculated using the current quarter’s estimate of the annual structural tax rate for the full year. This may result in the current period adjustment plus prior reported quarterly adjustments to not sum to the full year adjustment.

Quarterly Reconciliation of Net Income Attributable to IRM to FFO and AFFO

(Dollars in thousands, except per-share data)

Q4 2020

Q3 2020

Q/Q %
Change

Q4 2019

Y/Y %
Change

Net Income

$246,755

$38,562

539.9

%

$37,104

565.0

%

Add / (Deduct):

Real Estate Depreciation (1)

74,618

72,019

3.6

%

83,237

(10.4)

%

Gain on Sale of Real Estate, Net of Tax

(288,248)

(75,880)

279.9

%

(58,942)

389.0

%

Data Center Lease-Based Intangible Asset Amortization (2)

10,464

10,441

0.2

%

11,359

(7.9)

%

Our Share of FFO (Nareit) Reconciling Items from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

321

n/a

FFO (Nareit)

$43,589

$45,142

(3.4)

%

$73,079

(40.4)

%

Add / (Deduct):

Significant Acquisition Costs

4,696

n/a

Restructuring Charges

65,681

48,371

35.8

%

48,597

35.2

%

Loss (Gain) on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net (Excluding Real Estate)

2,881

40

7028.0

%

12,205

(76.4)

%

Other Expense (Income), Net, Excluding our Share of Losses (Gains) from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

74,212

81,190

(8.6)

%

45,193

64.2

%

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

2,216

8,065

(72.5)

%

8,059

(72.5)

%

Real Estate Financing Lease Depreciation

3,706

3,501

5.9

%

3,632

2.0

%

Tax Impact of Reconciling Items and Discrete Tax Items (3)

(18,795)

(4,648)

304.4

%

(2,451)

666.9

%

Our Share of FFO (Normalized) Reconciling Items from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

(7)

(1)

976.6

%

(133)

(94.9)

%

FFO (Normalized)

$173,483

$181,660

(4.5)

%

$192,879

(10.1)

%

Per Share Amounts (Fully Diluted Shares)

FFO (Nareit)

$0.15

$0.16

(6.3)

%

$0.25

(40.0)

%

FFO (Normalized)

$0.60

$0.63

(4.6)

%

$0.67

(10.4)

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Basic

288,419

288,403

0.0

%

287,277

0.4

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Diluted

289,161

288,811

0.1

%

288,082

0.4

%

(1) Includes depreciation expense related to owned real estate assets (land improvements, buildings, building improvements, leasehold improvements and racking), excluding depreciation related to financing leases.

(2) Includes amortization expense for Data Center In-Place Lease Intangible Assets and Data Center Tenant Relationship Intangible Assets.

(3) Represents the tax impact of (i) the reconciling items above, which impact our reported income (loss) from continuing operations before provision (benefit) for income taxes but have an insignificant impact on our reported provision (benefit) from income taxes and (ii) other discrete tax items.

Funds From Operations, or FFO (Nareit), and FFO (Normalized)

Funds from operations ("FFO") is defined by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("Nareit") as net income (loss) excluding depreciation on real estate assets, gains on sale of real estate, net of tax, and amortization of data center leased-based intangibles. Consistent with Nareit's definition of FFO, during the fourth quarter of 2020, we began adjusting for our share of reconciling items from our unconsolidated joint ventures from FFO ("FFO (Nareit)"). All prior periods have been recast to conform to these changes. FFO (Nareit) does not give effect to real estate depreciation because these amounts are computed, under GAAP, to allocate the cost of a property over its useful life. Because values for well-maintained real estate assets have historically increased or decreased based upon prevailing market conditions, we believe that FFO (Nareit) provides investors with a clearer view of our operating performance. Our most directly comparable GAAP measure to FFO (Nareit) is net income (loss).

Although Nareit has published a definition of FFO, we modify FFO (Nareit), as is common among REITs seeking to provide financial measures that most meaningfully reflect their particular business ("FFO (Normalized)"). During the fourth quarter of 2020, we changed our definition of FFO (Normalized) to exclude stock-based compensation expense and adjust for our share of FFO (Normalized) reconciling items from our unconsolidated joint ventures. All prior periods have been recast to conform to these changes. Our definition of FFO (Normalized) excludes certain items included in FFO (Nareit) that we believe are not indicative of our core operating results, specifically: (i) Significant Acquisition Costs; (ii) Restructuring Charges; (iii) Intangible impairments; (iv) Loss (gain) on disposal/write-down of property, plant and equipment, net (excluding real estate); (v) Other expense (income), net, excluding our share of (losses) gains from our unconsolidated joint ventures; (vi) Stock-based compensation expense; (vii) COVID-19 Costs, (viii) Real estate financing lease depreciation; (ix) Tax impact of reconciling items and discrete tax items; and (x) (Income) loss from discontinued operations, net of tax.

FFO (Normalized) per share

FFO (Normalized) divided by weighted average fully-diluted shares outstanding.

Quarterly Reconciliation of Net Income Attributable to IRM to FFO and AFFO (continued)

(Dollars in thousands)

Q4 2020

Q3 2020

Q/Q %
Change

Q4 2019

Y/Y %
Change

FFO (Normalized)

$173,483

$181,660

(4.5)

%

$192,879

(10.1)

%

Add / (Deduct):

Non-Real Estate Depreciation

34,461

32,629

5.6

%

32,969

4.5

%

Amortization Expense (1)

38,114

33,271

14.6

%

37,624

1.3

%

Amortization of Deferred Financing Costs

4,226

4,149

1.8

%

4,454

(5.1)

%

Revenue Reduction Associated with Amortization of Permanent Withdrawal Fees and Above - and Below-Market Leases

2,267

2,363

(4.1)

%

3,288

(31.1)

%

Non-Cash Rent Expense (Income)

1,896

2,779

(31.8)

%

1,408

34.7

%

Reconciliation to Normalized Cash Taxes

(938)

(5,107)

18.4

%

12,803

(107.3)

%

Our Share of AFFO Reconciling Items from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

830

83

899.8

%

155

436.0

%

Less:

Recurring Capital Expenditures

63,567

35,407

79.5

%

52,460

21.2

%

AFFO

$190,771

$216,420

(11.9)

%

$233,120

(18.2)

%

Per Share Amounts (Fully Diluted Shares)

AFFO Per Share

$0.66

$0.75

(12.0)

%

$0.81

(18.5)

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Basic

288,419

288,403

0.0

%

287,277

0.4

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Diluted

289,161

288,811

0.1

%

288,082

0.4

%

(1) Includes Customer Relationship Value, intake costs, acquisition of customer relationships, and other intangibles. Excludes amortization of capitalized commissions of $7.0M, $5.4M, and $5.0M in Q4 2020, Q3 2020, and Q4 2019, respectively.

Adjusted Funds From Operations, or AFFO

During the fourth quarter of 2020, we changed our definition of adjusted funds from operations ("AFFO") to exclude our share of reconciling items from our unconsolidated joint ventures. All prior periods have been recast to conform to these changes. AFFO is defined as FFO (Normalized) (1) excluding (i) non-cash rent expense (income), (ii) depreciation on non-real estate assets, (iii) amortization expense associated with (a) customer relationship value (CRV), intake costs, acquisitions of customer relationships and other intangibles, and (b) capitalized internal commissions, (iv) amortization of deferred financing costs [and debt discount/premium], (v) revenue reduction associated with amortization of permanent withdrawal fees and above-and below-market data center leases, and (vi) the impact of reconciling to normalized cash taxes, and (2) including recurring capital expenditures [excluding Significant Acquisition Capital Expenditures]. We also adjust for these items to the extent attributable to our portion of unconsolidated ventures. We believe that AFFO, as a widely recognized measure of operations of REITs, is helpful to investors as a meaningful supplemental comparative performance measure to other REITs, including on a per share basis. AFFO should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP, such as operating income, income (loss) from continuing operations, net income (loss) or cash flows from operating activities from continuing operations (as determined in accordance with GAAP).

AFFO per share

AFFO divided by weighted average fully-diluted shares outstanding.

Full-Year Reconciliation of Net Income Attributable to IRM to FFO and AFFO

(Dollars in thousands, except per-share data)

Full Year 2020

Full Year 2019

% Change

Net Income

$343,096

$268,315

27.9

%

Add / (Deduct):

Real Estate Depreciation (1)

298,943

303,415

(1.5)

%

Gain on Sale of Real Estate, Net of Tax

(365,709)

(99,194)

268.7

%

Data Center Lease-Based Intangible Asset Amortization (2)

42,637

46,696

(8.7)

%

Our Share of FFO (Nareit) Reconciling Items from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

1,284

n/a

FFO (Nareit)

$318,967

$520,516

(38.7)

%

Add / (Deduct):

Significant Acquisition Costs

13,293

n/a

Restructuring Charges

194,396

48,597

300.0

%

Intangible Impairments

23,000

Loss (Gain) on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net (Excluding Real Estate)

2,523

40,763

(93.8)

%

Other Expense (Income), Net, Excluding our Share of Losses (Gains) from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

133,611

25,720

419.5

%

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

34,272

36,194

(5.3)

%

COVID-19 Costs

9,285

Real Estate Financing Lease Depreciation

13,801

13,364

3.3

%

Tax Impact of Reconciling Items and Discrete Tax Items (3)

(31,825)

(13,095)

143.0

%

(Income) Loss from Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax

(104)

n/a

Our Share of FFO (Normalized) Reconciling Items from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

(38)

148

(125.5)

%

FFO (Normalized)

$697,992

$685,396

1.8

%

Per Share Amounts (Fully Diluted Shares)

FFO (Nareit)

$1.11

$1.81

(38.7)

%

FFO (Normalized)

$2.42

$2.38

1.5

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Basic

288,183

286,971

0.4

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Diluted

288,643

287,687

0.3

%

(1) Includes depreciation expense related to owned real estate assets (land improvements, buildings, building improvements, leasehold improvements and racking), excluding depreciation related to financing leases.

(2) Includes amortization expense for Data Center In-Place Lease Intangible Assets and Data Center Tenant Relationship Intangible Assets.

(3) Represents the tax impact of (i) the reconciling items above, which impact our reported income (loss) from continuing operations before provision (benefit) for income taxes but have an insignificant impact on our reported provision (benefit) from income taxes and (ii) other discrete tax items.

Full-Year Reconciliation of Net Income Attributable to IRM to FFO and AFFO (continued)

(Dollars in thousands)

Full Year 2020

Full Year 2019

% Change

FFO (Normalized)

$697,992

$685,396

1.8

%

Add / (Deduct):

Non-Real Estate Depreciation

134,819

139,543

(3.4)

%

Amortization Expense (1)

137,817

136,074

1.3

%

Amortization of Deferred Financing Costs

17,376

16,740

3.8

%

Revenue Reduction Associated with Amortization of Permanent Withdrawal Fees and Above - and Below-Market Leases

9,878

13,703

(27.9)

%

Non-Cash Rent Expense (Income)

10,172

4,802

111.8

%

Reconciliation to Normalized Cash Taxes

21,508

8,363

157.2

%

Our Share of AFFO Reconciling Items from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

1,064

527

102.1

%

Less:

Recurring Capital Expenditures

143,092

138,125

3.6

%

AFFO

$887,534

$867,024

2.4

%

Per Share Amounts (Fully Diluted Shares)

AFFO Per Share

$3.07

$3.01

2.0

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Basic

288,183

286,971

0.4

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Diluted

288,643

287,687

0.3

%

(1) Includes Customer Relationship Value, intake costs, acquisition of customer relationships, and other intangibles. Excludes amortization of capitalized commissions of $24.1M and $19.1M in Full Year 2020 and Full Year 2019, respectively.

View source version on businesswire.com: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210224005262/en/

Contacts

Investor Relations Contacts:
Greer Aviv
Senior Vice President, Investor Relations
Greer.Aviv@ironmountain.com
(617) 535-2887

Nathan McCurren
Director, Investor Relations
Nathan.McCurren@ironmountain.com
(617) 535-2997