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Iron Mountain Reports Second Quarter Results

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-- Achieves record quarterly Revenue, Net Income and Adjusted EBITDA --

-- Increases midpoint of 2021 financial guidance --

-- Increases full-year Global Data Center leasing guidance to 30+ megawatts --

BOSTON, August 05, 2021--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Iron Mountain Incorporated (NYSE: IRM), the global leader in innovative storage and information management services, announces financial and operating results for the second quarter of 2021. The conference call / webcast details, earnings call presentation and supplemental financial information, which includes definitions of certain capitalized terms used in this release, are available on Iron Mountain’s Investor Relations website. Reconciliations of non-GAAP measures to the appropriate GAAP measures are included herein.

"Our stronger than expected performance in both the second quarter and first half of the year reflects the breadth and depth of our products and solutions and the strength of our deep customer relationships. Our second quarter results reflect increased demand for our services across our key markets," said William L. Meaney, president and CEO of Iron Mountain. "As we celebrate and honor Iron Mountain's 70th anniversary this month, I am extremely proud of what our team has accomplished in spite of the continued challenges due to COVID. Our Mountaineers across the globe conquered every obstacle with tenacity, a relentless focus on accelerating growth and an innovative mindset."

Financial Performance Highlights for the Second Quarter and Year-to-Date 2021

($ in millions, except per share data)

Three Months Ended

Year to Date

6/30/21

6/30/20

Y/Y % Change

6/30/21

6/30/20

Y/Y % Change

Storage Rental Revenue

$718

$677

6%

$1,426

$1,361

5%

Service Revenue

$401

$305

32%

$775

$690

12%

Total Revenue

$1,120

$982

14%

$2,202

$2,051

7%

Net Income (Loss)

$277

$(7)

NM

$323

$58

459%

Adjusted EBITDA

$406

$359

13%

$786

$725

8%

Adjusted EBITDA Margin

36.2%

36.6%

-40 bps

35.7%

35.4%

+30 bps

AFFO

$246

$250

(1)%

$481

$480

AFFO per share

$0.85

$0.87

(3)%

$1.66

$1.67

  • Total reported Revenues for the second quarter were $1.12 billion, compared with $982.2 million in the second quarter of 2020, an increase of 14.0%. Excluding the impact of foreign currency exchange (FX), total reported Revenues increased 10.2% compared to the prior year, driven by a 26.9% increase in Service revenue, while Storage rental revenue increased 2.7%. Year to date, total reported Revenues increased 7.4%, or 4.6%, excluding the impact of FX.

  • The Global Data Center business revenue increased 15.3% in the second quarter, or 13.3% year over year, excluding the impact of FX. Through June 30, 2021, Iron Mountain has executed 12.6 megawatts of new and expansion leasing, and is increasing its outlook for full-year data center leasing to greater than 30 megawatts from previous guidance of 25 to 30 megawatts, based on the strength of its first-half performance and pipeline.

  • Net Income for the second quarter was $276.5 million compared with a Net Loss of $7.1 million in the second quarter of 2020. The following items were included in Net Income:

    • Restructuring Charges of $39.4 million associated with the implementation of Project Summit compared to $39.3 million, in the second quarters of 2021 and 2020, respectively.

    • Gain on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net of $128.9 million compared to $1.3 million, in the second quarters of 2021 and 2020, respectively, primarily related to the company's capital recycling program.

    • Other Income, Net of $186.2 million in the second quarter of 2021, primarily related to a gain on sale from the divestment of the company's Intellectual Property Management business, compared to Other Expense, Net of $25.7 million in the second quarter of 2020, primarily related to a debt extinguishment charge of $17.0 million.

  • Year to date, Net Income was $323.2 million, compared with $57.8 million in 2020. The following items were included in Net Income:

    • Restructuring Charges of $79.3 million compared to $80.3 million year to date 2021 and 2020, respectively.

    • Intangible Impairment charge of $23.0 million related to the writedown of goodwill associated with the Fine Arts business in the first quarter of 2020.

    • Gain on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net of $133.4 million compared to $2.3 million, year to date 2021 and 2020, respectively, primarily related to the company's capital recycling program.

    • Other Income, Net of $181.5 million year to date 2021, primarily related to a gain on sale from the divestment of the company's Intellectual Property Management business, compared to Other Income, Net of $17.0 million year to date 2020, primarily related to a Foreign Currency Transaction Gain of $35.9 million, partially offset by a debt extinguishment charge of $17.0 million.

  • Adjusted EBITDA for the second quarter was $405.6 million, compared with $359.5 million in the second quarter of 2020, an increase of 12.8%. On a constant currency basis, Adjusted EBITDA increased by 9.0%, driven by the strong increase in Service revenue, benefits from Project Summit and the flow through from revenue management. Year to date, Adjusted EBITDA was $786.2 million, compared with $725.5 million in 2020, an increase of 8.4%. On a constant currency basis, Adjusted EBITDA increased 5.5%.

  • Reported EPS - Fully Diluted from Net Income (Loss) for the second quarter was $0.95, compared with $(0.02) in the second quarter of 2020. Year to date, Reported EPS - Fully Diluted from Net Income (Loss) was $1.11, compared with $0.20 in 2020.

  • Adjusted EPS for the second quarter was $0.38, compared with $0.27 in the second quarter of 2020. Adjusted EPS reflects a structural tax rate of 16.2% and 16.7%, in the second quarters of 2021 and 2020, respectively. Year to date, Adjusted EPS was $0.70, compared with $0.55 in 2020.

  • FFO (Normalized) per share was $0.69 for the second quarter, compared with $0.58 in the second quarter of 2020, an increase of 19.0%. Year to date, FFO (Normalized) per share was $1.32, compared with $1.17 in 2020, or an increase of 12.0%.

  • AFFO was $246.0 million for the second quarter, compared with $249.7 million in the second quarter of 2020, or a decrease of 1.5%. Year to date, AFFO was $481.4 million, compared with $480.3 million in 2020, or an increase of 0.2%. AFFO in the second quarter and year-to-date 2020 includes previously disclosed tax refunds in the amount of $22.5 million and $27.5 million, respectively. Excluding the benefit of the tax refunds, AFFO in the second quarter and year-to-date 2021 would have increased 8.3% and 6.3% year over year, respectively.

  • AFFO per share was $0.85 for the second quarter, compared with $0.87 in the second quarter of 2020, or a decrease of 2.5%. Year to date, AFFO per share was $1.66, compared with $1.67 in 2020, or a decrease of 0.5%. Excluding the aforementioned tax refunds, AFFO per share in the second quarter and year-to-date 2021 would have increased 7.7% and 5.6%, respectively.

Dividend

On August 5, 2021, Iron Mountain's board of directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.6185 per share for the third quarter. The third-quarter 2021 dividend is payable on October 6, 2021, for shareholders of record on September 15, 2021.

Guidance

Reflecting outperformance in the first half of the year and positive momentum in the business, Iron Mountain has increased the midpoint of its financial guidance; details are summarized in the table below.

2021 Guidance(1)

($ in millions, except per share data)

New

Y/Y % Change

Previous

Y/Y % Change

Total Revenue

$4,415 - $4,515

6% - 9%

$4,365 - $4,515

5% - 9%

Adjusted EBITDA

$1,600 - $1,635

8% - 11%

$1,585 - $1,635

7% - 11%

AFFO

$970 - $1,005

9% - 13%

$955 - $1,005

8% - 13%

AFFO Per Share

$3.33 - $3.45

8% - 12%

$3.28 - $3.45

7% - 12%

(1) Iron Mountain does not provide a reconciliation of non-GAAP measures that it discusses as part of its annual guidance or long term outlook because certain significant information required for such reconciliation is not available without unreasonable efforts or at all, including, most notably, the impact of exchange rates on Iron Mountain’s transactions, loss or gain related to the disposition of real estate and other income or expense. Without this information, Iron Mountain does not believe that a reconciliation would be meaningful.

About Iron Mountain

Iron Mountain Incorporated (NYSE: IRM) is the global leader in innovative storage and information management services, storing and protecting billions of valued assets, including critical business information, highly sensitive data, and cultural and historical artifacts. Founded in 1951 and trusted by more than 225,000 customers worldwide, Iron Mountain helps customers CLIMB HIGHER™ to transform their businesses. Through a range of services including digital transformation, data centers, secure records storage, information management, secure destruction, and art storage and logistics, Iron Mountain helps businesses bring light to their dark data, enabling customers to unlock value and intelligence from their stored digital and physical assets at speed and with security, while helping them meet their environmental goals.

To learn more about Iron Mountain, please visit: www.IronMountain.com and follow @IronMountain on Twitter and LinkedIn.

Forward Looking Statements

We have made statements in this press release that constitute "forward-looking statements" as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other securities laws. These forward-looking statements concern our operations, economic performance, financial condition, goals, beliefs, future growth strategies, investment objectives, plans and current expectations, such as our (1) 2021 guidance as well as our expectations for growth, including growth opportunities and growth rates for revenue by segment, organic revenue, organic volume and other metrics, (2) expectations and assumptions regarding the impact from the COVID-19 pandemic on us and our customers, including on our businesses, financial position, results of operations and cash flows, (3) expected benefits, costs and actions related to, and timing of, Project Summit, (4) expectations as to our capital allocation strategy, including our future investments, leverage ratio, dividend payments and possible funding sources (including real estate monetization) and capital expenditures, (5) expectations regarding the closing of pending acquisitions and investments, and (6) other forward-looking statements related to our business, results of operations and financial condition.

These forward-looking statements are subject to various known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, and you should not rely upon them except as statements of our present intentions and of our present expectations, which may or may not occur. When we use words such as "believes," "expects," "anticipates," "estimates," "plans" or similar expressions, we are making forward-looking statements. Although we believe that our forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, our expected results may not be achieved, and actual results may differ materially from our expectations. In addition, important factors that could cause actual results to differ from expectations include, among others: (i) the severity and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic and its effects on the global economy, including its effects on us, the markets we serve and our customers and the third parties with whom we do business within those markets; (ii) our ability to execute on Project Summit and the potential impacts of Project Summit on our ability to retain and recruit employees; (iii) our ability to remain qualified for taxation as a real estate investment trust for United States federal income tax purposes; (iv) changes in customer preferences and demand for our storage and information management services, including as a result of the shift from paper and tape storage to alternative technologies that require less physical space; (v) our ability or inability to execute our strategic growth plan, including our ability to invest according to plan, incorporate new digital information technologies into our offerings, achieve satisfactory returns on new product offerings, continue our revenue management, expand internationally, complete acquisitions on satisfactory terms, integrate acquired companies efficiently and grow our business through joint ventures; (vi) changes in the amount of our capital expenditures; (vii) our ability to raise debt or equity capital and changes in the cost of our debt; (viii) the cost and our ability to comply with laws, regulations and customer demands, including those relating to data security and privacy issues, as well as fire and safety and environmental standards; (ix) the impact of litigation or disputes that may arise in connection with incidents in which we fail to protect our customers' information or our internal records or information technology systems and the impact of such incidents on our reputation and ability to compete; (x) changes in the price for our storage and information management services relative to the cost of providing such storage and information management services; (xi) changes in the political and economic environments in the countries in which our international subsidiaries operate and changes in the global political climate, particularly as we consolidate operations and move records and data across borders; (xii) our ability to comply with our existing debt obligations and restrictions in our debt instruments; (xiii) the impact of service interruptions or equipment damage and the cost of power on our data center operations; (xiv) the cost or potential liabilities associated with real estate necessary for our business; (xv) failures in our adoption of new IT systems; (xvi) unexpected events, including those resulting from climate change, could disrupt our operations and adversely affect our reputation and results of operations; (xvii) other trends in competitive or economic conditions affecting our financial condition or results of operations not presently contemplated; and (xviii) the other risks described in our periodic reports filed with the SEC, including under the caption "Risk Factors" in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements appearing in this report.

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures:

Throughout this release, Iron Mountain discusses (1) Adjusted EBITDA, (2) Adjusted Earnings per Share ("Adjusted EPS"), (3) Funds from Operations ("FFO Nareit"), (4) FFO (Normalized) and (5) Adjusted Funds from Operations ("AFFO"). These measures do not conform to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP"). These non-GAAP measures are supplemental metrics designed to enhance our disclosure and to provide additional information that we believe to be important for investors to consider in addition to, but not as a substitute for, other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP, such as operating income, net income (loss) attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated or cash flows from operating activities (as determined in accordance with GAAP). The reconciliation of these measures to the appropriate GAAP measure, as required by Regulation G under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and their definitions are included later in this release.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited; dollars in thousands)

6/30/2021

12/31/2020

ASSETS

Current Assets:

Cash and Cash Equivalents

$315,928

$205,063

Accounts Receivable, Net

852,449

859,344

Prepaid Expenses and Other

222,231

205,380

Total Current Assets

$1,390,608

$1,269,787

Property, Plant and Equipment:

Property, Plant and Equipment

$8,319,083

$8,246,337

Less: Accumulated Depreciation

(3,863,477)

(3,743,894)

Property, Plant and Equipment, Net

$4,455,606

$4,502,443

Other Assets, Net:

Goodwill

$4,508,754

$4,557,609

Customer Relationships, Customer Inducements and Data Center Lease-Based Intangibles

1,256,181

1,326,977

Operating Lease Right-of-use Assets

2,342,197

2,196,502

Other

360,970

295,949

Total Other Assets, Net

$8,468,102

$8,377,037

Total Assets

$14,314,316

$14,149,267

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

Current Liabilities:

Current Portion of Long-term Debt

$106,274

$193,759

Accounts Payable

321,286

359,863

Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities

1,064,397

1,146,288

Deferred Revenue

256,245

295,785

Total Current Liabilities

$1,748,202

$1,995,695

Long-term Debt, Net of Current Portion

8,760,728

8,509,555

Long-term Operating Lease Liabilities, Net of Current Portion

2,186,625

2,044,598

Other Long-term Liabilities (1)

471,019

462,690

Total Long-term Liabilities

$11,418,372

$11,016,843

Total Liabilities

$13,166,574

$13,012,538

Equity

Total Equity

$1,147,742

$1,136,729

Total Liabilities and Equity

$14,314,316

$14,149,267

(1) Includes redeemable noncontrolling interests of $64.7M and $59.8M as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

Quarterly Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited; dollars in thousands, except per-share data)

Q2 2021

Q1 2021

Q/Q % Change

Q2 2020

Y/Y % Change

Revenues:

Storage Rental

$718,272

$708,056

1.4

%

$676,956

6.1

%

Service

401,484

373,984

7.4

%

305,283

31.5

%

Total Revenues

$1,119,756

$1,082,040

3.5

%

$982,239

14.0

%

Operating Expenses:

Cost of Sales (excluding Depreciation and Amortization) (1)

$474,579

$451,909

5.0

%

$406,693

16.7

%

Selling, General and Administrative (2)

259,779

258,723

0.4

%

241,947

7.4

%

Depreciation and Amortization

166,685

165,642

0.6

%

163,850

1.7

%

Acquisition and Integration Costs

2,277

Restructuring Charges

39,443

39,811

(0.9)

%

39,298

0.4

%

(Gain) Loss on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net

(128,935)

(4,451)

2,797.0

%

(1,275)

10,015.0

%

Total Operating Expenses

$813,828

$911,634

(10.7)

%

$850,513

(4.3)

%

Operating Income (Loss)

$305,928

$170,406

79.5

%

$131,726

132.2

%

Interest Expense, Net

105,220

104,422

0.8

%

103,456

1.7

%

Other (Income) Expense, Net

(186,230)

4,713

(4,051.2)

%

25,700

(824.6)

%

Net Income (Loss) Before Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes

$386,938

$61,271

531.5

%

$2,570

14,953.6

%

Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes

110,416

14,640

654.2

%

9,683

1,040.3

%

Net Income (Loss)

$276,522

$46,631

493.0

%

$(7,113)

(3,987.6)

%

Less: Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

1,237

1,028

20.4

%

(27)

(4,734.1)

%

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated

$275,285

$45,603

503.7

%

$(7,086)

(3,984.8)

%

Net Income (Loss) Per Share Attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated:

Basic

$0.95

$0.16

493.8

%

$(0.02)

(4,850.0)

%

Diluted

$0.95

$0.16

493.8

%

$(0.02)

(4,850.0)

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Basic

289,247

288,756

0.2

%

288,071

0.4

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Diluted

291,079

289,528

0.5

%

288,071

1.0

%

(1) Includes $7.6M of direct and incremental costs related to COVID-19 in Q2 2020.
(2) Includes $1.6M of direct and incremental costs related to COVID-19 in Q2 2020.

Year-to-Date Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited; dollars in thousands, except per-share data)

YTD 2021

YTD 2020

% Change

Revenues:

Storage Rental

$1,426,328

$1,360,503

4.8

%

Service

775,468

690,467

12.3

%

Total Revenues

$2,201,796

$2,050,970

7.4

%

Operating Expenses:

Cost of Sales (excluding Depreciation and Amortization) (1)

$926,488

$873,614

6.1

%

Selling, General and Administrative (2)

518,502

480,680

7.9

%

Depreciation and Amortization

332,327

326,434

1.8

%

Acquisition and Integration Costs

2,277

Restructuring Charges

79,254

80,344

(1.4)

%

Intangible Impairments

23,000

(100.0)

%

(Gain) Loss on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net

(133,386)

(2,330)

5,624.7

%

Total Operating Expenses

$1,725,462

$1,781,742

(3.2)

%

Operating Income (Loss)

$476,334

$269,228

76.9

%

Interest Expense, Net

209,642

209,105

0.3

%

Other (Income) Expense, Net

(181,517)

(17,026)

966.1

%

Net Income (Loss) Before Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes

$448,209

$77,149

481.0

%

Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes

125,056

19,370

545.6

%

Net Income (Loss)

$323,153

$57,779

459.3

%

Less: Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

2,265

890

154.5

%

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated

$320,888

$56,889

464.1

%

Net Income (Loss) Per Share Attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated:

Basic

$1.11

$0.20

455.0

%

Diluted

$1.11

$0.20

455.0

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Basic

289,001

287,955

0.4

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Diluted

290,303

288,301

0.7

%

(1) Includes $7.6M of direct and incremental costs related to COVID-19 in YTD 2020.
(2) Includes $1.6M of direct and incremental costs related to COVID-19 in YTD 2020.

Quarterly Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA

(Dollars in thousands)

Q2 2021

Q1 2021

Q/Q % Change

Q2 2020

Y/Y % Change

Net Income (Loss)

$276,522

$46,631

493.0

%

$(7,113)

(3,987.6)

%

Add / (Deduct):

Interest Expense, Net

105,220

104,422

0.8

%

103,456

1.7

%

Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes

110,416

14,640

654.2

%

9,683

1,040.3

%

Depreciation and Amortization

166,685

165,642

0.6

%

163,850

1.7

%

Acquisition and Integration Costs

2,277

Restructuring Charges

39,443

39,811

(0.9)

%

39,298

0.4

%

(Gain) Loss on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net (Including Real Estate)

(128,935)

(4,451)

2,796.8

%

(1,275)

10,012.5

%

Other (Income) Expense, Net, Excluding our Share of Losses (Gains) from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

(189,605)

2,121

(9,039.4)

%

23,239

(915.9)

%

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

22,536

10,733

110.0

%

18,880

19.4

%

COVID-19 Costs

9,285

(100.0)

%

Our Share of Adjusted EBITDA Reconciling Items from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

1,072

1,016

5.5

%

159

574.2

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$405,631

$380,565

6.6

%

$359,462

12.8

%

Adjusted EBITDA

We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) before interest expense, net, provision (benefit) for income taxes, depreciation and amortization (inclusive of our share of Adjusted EBITDA from our unconsolidated joint ventures), and excluding certain items we do not believe to be indicative of our core operating results, specifically: (i) Acquisition and Integration Costs, (ii) Restructuring Charges; (iii Intangible impairments; (iv) (Gain) loss on disposal/write-down of property, plant and equipment, net (including real estate); (v) Other expense (income), net; (vi) Stock-based compensation expense; and (vi) COVID-19 Costs. Adjusted EBITDA Margin is calculated by dividing Adjusted EBITDA by total revenues. We use multiples of current or projected Adjusted EBITDA in conjunction with our discounted cash flow models to determine our estimated overall enterprise valuation and to evaluate acquisition targets. We believe Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin provide our current and potential investors with relevant and useful information regarding our ability to generate cash flows to support business investment. These measures are an integral part of the internal reporting system we use to assess and evaluate the operating performance of our business.

Adjusted EBITDA excludes both interest expense, net and the provision (benefit) for income taxes. These expenses are associated with our capitalization and tax structures, which we do not consider when evaluating the operating profitability of our core operations. Adjusted EBITDA also does not include depreciation and amortization expenses, in order to eliminate the impact of capital investments, which we evaluate by comparing capital expenditures to incremental revenue generated and as a percentage of total revenues. Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP, such as operating income, net income (loss) or cash flows from operating activities (as determined in accordance with GAAP).

Year-to-Date Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA

(Dollars in thousands)

YTD 2021

YTD 2020

% Change

Net Income (Loss)

$323,153

$57,779

459.3%

Add / (Deduct):

Interest Expense, Net

209,642

209,105

0.3%

Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes

125,056

19,370

545.6%

Depreciation and Amortization

332,327

326,434

1.8%

Acquisition and Integration Costs

2,277

Restructuring Charges

79,254

80,344

(1.4)%

Intangible Impairments

23,000

(100.0)%

(Gain) Loss on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net (Including Real Estate)

(133,386)

(2,330)

5,624.7%

Other (Income) Expense, Net, Excluding our Share of Losses (Gains) from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

(187,484)

(21,792)

760.3%

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

33,269

23,991

38.7%

COVID-19 Costs

9,285

(100.0)%

Our Share of Adjusted EBITDA Reconciling Items from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

2,088

275

659.3%

Adjusted EBITDA

$786,196

$725,461

8.4%

Quarterly Reconciliation of Reported Earnings per Share to Adjusted Earnings per Share

Q2 2021

Q1 2021

Q/Q % Change

Q2 2020

Y/Y % Change

Reported EPS - Fully Diluted from Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated

$0.95

$0.16

493.8

%

$(0.02)

n/a

Add / (Deduct):

Acquisition and Integration Costs

0.01

Restructuring Charges

0.14

0.14

0.14

(Gain) Loss on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net

(0.44)

(0.02)

2,100.0

%

Other (Income) Expense, Net, Excluding our Share of Losses (Gains) from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

(0.65)

0.01

(6,600.0)

%

0.08

(912.5)

%

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

0.08

0.04

100.0

%

0.07

14.3

%

COVID-19 Costs

%

0.03

(100.0)

%

Tax Impact of Reconciling Items and Discrete Tax Items (1)

0.31

(0.01)

(3,200.0)

%

(0.02)

n/a

Adjusted EPS - Fully Diluted from Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated

$0.38

$0.32

18.8

%

$0.27

40.7

%

(1) The difference between our effective tax rates and our structural tax rate (or adjusted effective tax rates) for the quarters ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, is primarily due to (i) the reconciling items above, which impact our reported net income (loss) before provision (benefit) for income taxes but have an insignificant impact on our reported provision (benefit) for income taxes and (ii) other discrete tax items. Our structural tax rate for purposes of the calculation of Adjusted EPS for the quarters ended June 30, 2021, March 31, 2021, and June 30, 2020 was 16.2%, 16.6% and 16.7%, respectively. The Tax Impact of Reconciling Items and Discrete Tax Items is calculated using the current quarter’s estimate of the annual structural tax rate for the full year. This may result in the current period adjustment plus prior reported quarterly adjustments not summing to the full year adjustment.

Adjusted Earnings Per Share, or Adjusted EPS

We define Adjusted EPS as reported earnings per share fully diluted from net income (loss) attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated (inclusive of our share of adjusted losses (gains) from our unconsolidated joint ventures) and excluding certain items, specifically: (i) Acquisition and Integration Costs; (ii) Restructuring Charges; (iii) Intangible impairments; (iv) (Gain) loss on disposal/write-down of property, plant and equipment, net (including real estate); (v) Other expense (income), net; (vi) Stock-based compensation expense; (vii) COVID-19 Costs, and (viii) Tax impact of reconciling items and discrete tax items. We do not believe these excluded items to be indicative of our ongoing operating results, and they are not considered when we are forecasting our future results. We believe Adjusted EPS is of value to our current and potential investors when comparing our results from past, present and future periods.

Year-to-Date Reconciliation of Reported Earnings per Share to Adjusted Earnings per Share

YTD 2021

YTD 2020

% Change

Reported EPS - Fully Diluted from Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated

$1.11

$0.20

455.0

%

Add / (Deduct):

Acquisition and Integration Costs

0.01

Restructuring Charges

0.27

0.28

(3.6)

%

Intangible Impairments

0.08

(100.0)

%

(Gain) Loss on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net

(0.46)

(0.01)

4,500.0

%

Other (Income) Expense, Net, Excluding our Share of Losses (Gains) from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

(0.65)

(0.08)

712.5

%

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

0.11

0.08

37.5

%

COVID-19 Costs

0.03

(100.0)

%

Tax Impact of Reconciling Items and Discrete Tax Items (1)

0.30

(0.04)

(850.0)

%

Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

0.01

Adjusted EPS - Fully Diluted from Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Iron Mountain Incorporated

$0.70

$0.55

27.3

%

(1) The difference between our effective tax rates and our structural tax rate (or adjusted effective tax rates) for the quarters ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, is primarily due to (i) the reconciling items above, which impact our reported net income (loss) before provision (benefit) for income taxes but have an insignificant impact on our reported provision (benefit) for income taxes and (ii) other discrete tax items. Our structural tax rate for purposes of the calculation of Adjusted EPS for the year-to-date periods ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020 was 16.2% and 16.7%, respectively. The Tax Impact of Reconciling Items and Discrete Tax Items is calculated using the current quarter’s estimate of the annual structural tax rate for the full year. This may result in the current period adjustment plus prior reported quarterly adjustments not summing to the full year adjustment.

Quarterly Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) Attributable to IRM to FFO and AFFO

(Dollars in thousands, except per-share data)

Q2 2021

Q1 2021

Q/Q % Change

Q2 2020

Y/Y % Change

Net Income

$276,522

$46,631

493.0

%

$(7,113)

(3,987.6)

%

Add / (Deduct):

Real Estate Depreciation (1)

74,784

76,047

(1.7)

%

75,719

(1.2)

%

Gain on Sale of Real Estate, Net of Tax

(102,476)

(4,305)

2,280.2

%

(1,089)

9,308.3

%

Data Center Lease-Based Intangible Asset Amortization (2)

10,482

10,483

10,379

1.0

%

FFO (Nareit)

$259,312

$128,856

101.2

%

$77,896

232.9

%

Add / (Deduct):

Acquisition and Integration Costs

2,277

Restructuring Charges

39,443

39,811

(0.9)

%

39,298

0.4

%

(Gain) Loss on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net (Excluding Real Estate)

(1,076)

(146)

634.6

%

(155)

595.8

%

Other (Income) Expense, Net, Excluding our Share of Losses (Gains) from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

(189,605)

2,121

(9,037.5)

%

23,239

(915.9)

%

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

22,536

10,733

110.0

%

18,880

19.4

%

COVID-19 Costs

9,285

(100.0)

%

Real Estate Financing Lease Depreciation

3,515

3,536

(0.6)

%

3,431

2.4

%

Tax Impact of Reconciling Items and Discrete Tax Items (3)

63,570

(3,569)

(1,881.2)

%

(5,690)

(1,217.2)

%

Our Share of FFO (Normalized) Reconciling Items from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

(9)

(4)

109.5

%

(10)

(10.0)

%

FFO (Normalized)

$199,963

$181,338

10.3

%

$166,174

20.3

%

Per Share Amounts (Fully Diluted Shares):

FFO (Nareit)

$0.89

$0.45

97.8

%

$0.27

229.6

%

FFO (Normalized)

$0.69

$0.63

9.5

%

$0.58

19.0

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Basic

289,247

288,756

0.2

%

288,071

0.4

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Diluted

291,079

289,528

0.5

%

288,071

1.0

%

(1) Includes depreciation expense related to owned real estate assets (land improvements, buildings, building improvements, leasehold improvements and racking), excluding depreciation related to financing leases.
(2) Includes amortization expense for Data Center In-Place Lease Intangible Assets and Data Center Tenant Relationship Intangible Assets.
(3) Represents the tax impact of (i) the reconciling items above, which impact our reported net income (loss) before provision (benefit) for income taxes but have an insignificant impact on our reported provision (benefit) from income taxes and (ii) other discrete tax items.

Funds From Operations, or FFO (Nareit), and FFO (Normalized)

Funds from operations ("FFO") is defined by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("Nareit") as net income (loss) excluding depreciation on real estate assets, gains on sale of real estate, net of tax, and amortization of data center leased-based intangibles and adjusting for our share of reconciling items from our unconsolidated joint ventures from FFO ("FFO (Nareit)"). FFO (Nareit) does not give effect to real estate depreciation because these amounts are computed, under GAAP, to allocate the cost of a property over its useful life. Because values for well-maintained real estate assets have historically increased or decreased based upon prevailing market conditions, we believe that FFO (Nareit) provides investors with a clearer view of our operating performance. Our most directly comparable GAAP measure to FFO (Nareit) is net income (loss).

Although Nareit has published a definition of FFO, we modify FFO (Nareit), as is common among REITs seeking to provide financial measures that most meaningfully reflect their particular business ("FFO (Normalized)"). Our definition of FFO (Normalized) excludes certain items included in FFO (Nareit) that we believe are not indicative of our core operating results, specifically: (i) Acquisition and Integration Costs; (ii) Restructuring Charges; (iii) Intangible impairments; (iv) Loss (gain) on disposal/write-down of property, plant and equipment, net (excluding real estate); (v) Other expense (income), net, (vi) Stock-based compensation expense; (vii) COVID-19 Costs, (viii) Real estate financing lease depreciation; and (viii) Tax impact of reconciling items and discrete tax items.

FFO (Normalized) per share

FFO (Normalized) divided by weighted average fully-diluted shares outstanding.

Quarterly Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) Attributable to IRM to FFO and AFFO (continued)

(Dollars in thousands)

Q2 2021

Q1 2021

Q/Q % Change

Q2 2020

Y/Y % Change

FFO (Normalized)

$199,963

$181,338

10.3

%

$166,174

20.3

%

Add / (Deduct):

Non-Real Estate Depreciation

34,191

34,866

(1.9)

%

33,779

1.2

%

Amortization Expense (1)

36,250

33,486

8.3

%

34,526

5.0

%

Amortization of Deferred Financing Costs

4,316

4,127

4.6

%

4,488

(3.8)

%

Revenue Reduction Associated with Amortization of Permanent Withdrawal Fees and Above - and Below-Market Leases

2,065

2,263

(8.7)

%

2,566

(19.5)

%

Non-Cash Rent Expense (Income)

3,958

5,410

(26.8)

%

2,952

34.1

%

Reconciliation to Normalized Cash Taxes

188

1,574

(88.1)

%

29,502

(99.4)

%

Our Share of AFFO Reconciling Items from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

969

911

6.4

%

77

1,131.1

%

Less:

Recurring Capital Expenditures

35,909

28,583

25.6

%

24,369

47.4

%

AFFO

$245,992

$235,391

4.5

%

$249,694

(1.5)

%

Per Share Amounts (Fully Diluted Shares):

AFFO Per Share

$0.85

$0.81

3.9

%

$0.87

(2.5)

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Basic

289,247

288,756

0.2

%

288,071

0.4

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Diluted

291,079

289,528

0.5

%

288,071

1.0

%

(1) Includes Customer Relationship Value, intake costs, acquisition of customer relationships, and other intangibles. Excludes amortization of capitalized commissions of $7.5M, $7.2M, and $6.0M in Q2 2021, Q1 2021, and Q2 2020, respectively.

Adjusted Funds From Operations, or AFFO

AFFO is defined as FFO (Normalized) (1) excluding (i) non-cash rent expense (income), (ii) depreciation on non-real estate assets, (iii) amortization expense associated with (a) customer relationship value (CRV), intake costs, acquisitions of customer relationships and other intangibles, and (b) capitalized internal commissions, (iv) amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discount/premium, (v) revenue reduction associated with amortization of permanent withdrawal fees and above-and below-market data center leases, and (vi) the impact of reconciling to normalized cash taxes, and (2) including recurring capital expenditures excluding Significant Acquisition Capital Expenditures. We also adjust for these items to the extent attributable to our portion of unconsolidated ventures. We believe that AFFO, as a widely recognized measure of operations of REITs, is helpful to investors as a meaningful supplemental comparative performance measure to other REITs, including on a per share basis. AFFO should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP, such as operating income, net income (loss) or cash flows from operating activities (as determined in accordance with GAAP).

AFFO per share

AFFO divided by weighted average fully-diluted shares outstanding.

Year-to-date Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) Attributable to IRM to FFO and AFFO

(Dollars in thousands, except per-share data)

YTD 2021

YTD 2020

% Change

Net Income

$323,153

$57,779

459.3

%

Add / (Deduct):

Real Estate Depreciation (1)

150,831

152,306

(1.0)

%

Gain on Sale of Real Estate, Net of Tax

(106,781)

(1,581)

6,655.4

%

Data Center Lease-Based Intangible Asset Amortization (2)

20,965

21,732

(3.5)

%

FFO (Nareit)

$388,168

$230,236

68.6

%

Add / (Deduct):

Acquisition and Integration Costs

2,277

Restructuring Charges

79,254

80,344

(1.4)

%

Intangible Impairments

23,000

(100.0)

%

(Gain) Loss on Disposal/Write-Down of PP&E, Net (Excluding Real Estate)

(1,222)

(399)

206.2

%

Other (Income) Expense, Net, Excluding our Share of Losses (Gains) from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

(187,484)

(21,792)

760.3

%

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

33,269

23,991

38.7

%

COVID-19 Costs

9,285

(100.0)

%

Real Estate Financing Lease Depreciation

7,051

6,594

6.9

%

Tax Impact of Reconciling Items and Discrete Tax Items (3)

60,494

(12,613)

(579.6)

%

Our Share of FFO (Normalized) Reconciling Items from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

(13)

(30)

(55.7)

%

FFO (Normalized)

$381,794

$338,616

12.8

%

Per Share Amounts (Fully Diluted Shares):

FFO (Nareit)

$1.34

$0.80

67.4

%

FFO (Normalized)

$1.32

$1.17

12.0

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Basic

289,001

287,955

0.4

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Diluted

290,303

288,301

0.7

%

(1) Includes depreciation expense related to owned real estate assets (land improvements, buildings, building improvements, leasehold improvements and racking), excluding depreciation related to financing leases.
(2) Includes amortization expense for Data Center In-Place Lease Intangible Assets and Data Center Tenant Relationship Intangible Assets.
(3) Represents the tax impact of (i) the reconciling items above, which impact our reported net income (loss) before provision (benefit) for income taxes but have an insignificant impact on our reported provision (benefit) from income taxes and (ii) other discrete tax items.

Year-to-date Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) Attributable to IRM to FFO and AFFO (continued)

(Dollars in thousands, except per-share data)

YTD 2021

YTD 2020

% Change

FFO (Normalized)

$381,794

$338,616

12.8

%

Add / (Deduct):

Non-Real Estate Depreciation

69,057

67,728

2.0

%

Amortization Expense (1)

69,736

66,433

5.0

%

Amortization of Deferred Financing Costs

8,443

9,001

(6.2)

%

Revenue Reduction Associated with Amortization of Permanent Withdrawal Fees and Above - and Below-Market Leases

4,327

5,248

(17.5)

%

Non-Cash Rent Expense (Income)

9,369

5,497

70.4

%

Reconciliation to Normalized Cash Taxes

1,269

31,785

(96.0)

%

Our Share of AFFO Reconciling Items from our Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

1,881

151

1,145.5

%

Less:

Recurring Capital Expenditures

64,492

44,112

46.2

%

AFFO

$481,384

$480,348

0.2

%

Per Share Amounts (Fully Diluted Shares):

AFFO Per Share

$1.66

$1.67

(0.5)

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Basic

289,001

287,955

0.4

%

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Diluted

290,303

288,301

0.7

%

(1) Includes Customer Relationship Value, intake costs, acquisition of customer relationships, and other intangibles. Excludes amortization of capitalized commissions of $14.7M and $11.6M, in YTD 2021 and 2020, respectively.

View source version on businesswire.com: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210805005333/en/

Contacts

Investor Relations:
Greer Aviv
Senior Vice President, Investor Relations
Greer.Aviv@ironmountain.com
(617) 535-2887

Sarah Barry
Manager, Investor Relations
Sarah.Barry@ironmountain.com
(617) 535-2997