ISDN Holdings Limited (SGX:I07) delivered an ROE of 10.95% over the past 12 months, which is an impressive feat relative to its industry average of 9.43% during the same period. Superficially, this looks great since we know that I07 has generated big profits with little equity capital; however, ROE doesn’t tell us how much I07 has borrowed in debt. In this article, we’ll closely examine some factors like financial leverage to evaluate the sustainability of I07’s ROE. View our latest analysis for ISDN Holdings
Breaking down ROE — the mother of all ratios
Return on Equity (ROE) weighs ISDN Holdings’s profit against the level of its shareholders’ equity. For example, if the company invests SGD1 in the form of equity, it will generate SGD0.11 in earnings from this. In most cases, a higher ROE is preferred; however, there are many other factors we must consider prior to making any investment decisions.
Return on Equity = Net Profit ÷ Shareholders Equity
Returns are usually compared to costs to measure the efficiency of capital. ISDN Holdings’s cost of equity is 8.38%. This means ISDN Holdings returns enough to cover its own cost of equity, with a buffer of 2.57%. This sustainable practice implies that the company pays less for its capital than what it generates in return. ROE can be broken down into three different ratios: net profit margin, asset turnover, and financial leverage. This is called the Dupont Formula:
ROE = profit margin × asset turnover × financial leverage
ROE = (annual net profit ÷ sales) × (sales ÷ assets) × (assets ÷ shareholders’ equity)
ROE = annual net profit ÷ shareholders’ equity
Basically, profit margin measures how much of revenue trickles down into earnings which illustrates how efficient the business is with its cost management. The other component, asset turnover, illustrates how much revenue ISDN Holdings can make from its asset base. Finally, financial leverage will be our main focus today. It shows how much of assets are funded by equity and can show how sustainable the company’s capital structure is. Since financial leverage can artificially inflate ROE, we need to look at how much debt ISDN Holdings currently has. The debt-to-equity ratio currently stands at a low 9.52%, meaning the above-average ROE is due to its capacity to produce profit growth without a huge debt burden.
While ROE is a relatively simple calculation, it can be broken down into different ratios, each telling a different story about the strengths and weaknesses of a company. ISDN Holdings exhibits a strong ROE against its peers, as well as sufficient returns to cover its cost of equity. Its high ROE is not likely to be driven by high debt. Therefore, investors may have more confidence in the sustainability of this level of returns going forward. Although ROE can be a useful metric, it is only a small part of diligent research.
For ISDN Holdings, I’ve compiled three pertinent aspects you should further examine:
- 1. Financial Health: Does it have a healthy balance sheet? Take a look at our free balance sheet analysis with six simple checks on key factors like leverage and risk.
- 2. Future Earnings: How does ISDN Holdings’s growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
- 3. Other High-Growth Alternatives : Are there other high-growth stocks you could be holding instead of ISDN Holdings? Explore our interactive list of stocks with large growth potential to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!
To help readers see pass the short term volatility of the financial market, we aim to bring you a long-term focused research analysis purely driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis does not factor in the latest price sensitive company announcements.
The author is an independent contributor and at the time of publication had no position in the stocks mentioned.