By Lesley Wroughton and James Pomfret
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, Brunei, Oct 10 (Reuters) - Secretary of State John Kerry assured Asian nations that the United States was committed to resolving a fiscal impasse as some leaders, including Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, expressed anxiety over the lingering U.S. government shutdown and a possible debt default.
In a meeting on the sidelines of an Asian summit in Brunei, Kerry made clear to Li that the U.S. government shutdown, now in its ninth day, and friction over the U.S. budget "is a moment in Washington politics and reaffirmed the President's commitment to resolving the issue," a senior State Department official said.
The official said the debt issue was "briefly referenced" during the meeting.
China is the biggest holder of U.S. debt and some Chinese officials have raised concerns over a drawn-out crisis in Washington. According to data from the U.S. Treasury, Beijing holds $1.28 trillion of Treasury debt. It also has additional U.S. agency debt.
The U.S. Congress has so far failed to strike a deal to raise the U.S. government's $16.7 trillion borrowing limit, which is set to expire on Oct. 17, roiling markets and pushing the dollar close to its recent eight-month low against other major currencies.
The budget crisis in Washington already forced President Barack Obama to cancel his planned trip to the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Bali, and the East Asia Summit now underway in Brunei.
Philippine President Benigno Aquino said the country's central bank had begun to take unspecified steps to cushion the potential impact of a default.
"It's like if the world's biggest economy turns belly-up, how can you actually protect yourself? But I don't think that will happen," he told reporters.
Several diplomats expressed concern about the potential impact on the region's economies and markets if the crisis drags on, particularly if there is no agreement to raise the U.S. debt limit, which could trigger a debt default after Oct. 17.
"The world is worried about it and everyone is bracing for its impact," said a senior indian official, who declined to be identified.
"There is anxiety ... The longer it goes on, the more risks are magnified in the international financial system."
A chink of light emerged on Wednesday when a Republican leadership aide said U.S. House of Representatives Republicans are considering signing on to a short-term increase in the government's borrowing authority to buy time for negotiations on broader policy measures.
How long of an increase might suffice - a few weeks or a few months - was unclear. But agreement by Republicans and Democrats to raise the debt ceiling would at least stave off a possible default after Oct. 17, when Treasury Secretary Jack Lew has determined the government will no longer be able to borrow.
The 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)did not discuss the U.S. fiscal issue in formal talks on Wednesday, but diplomats said the issue had come up in informal discussions. Several ASEAN economies, including regional giant Indonesia and Malaysia, have seen sharp falls in their currencies in recent months on concerns over an end to the U.S. Federal Reserve's super-easy monetary policy.
"While we want to sound outwardly that we're not concerned about the U.S., we have to take into account all possible impact to our economy ... The U.S. has to get its act together," said a senior Malaysian diplomat.
"Our central bank is monitoring what's happening in the U.S., we are in touch with them."