U.S. markets open in 16 minutes
  • S&P Futures

    3,673.50
    +9.00 (+0.25%)
     
  • Dow Futures

    30,038.00
    +106.00 (+0.35%)
     
  • Nasdaq Futures

    12,478.75
    +16.50 (+0.13%)
     
  • Russell 2000 Futures

    1,857.70
    +10.50 (+0.57%)
     
  • Crude Oil

    45.87
    +0.23 (+0.50%)
     
  • Gold

    1,844.20
    +3.10 (+0.17%)
     
  • Silver

    24.21
    +0.07 (+0.30%)
     
  • EUR/USD

    1.2160
    +0.0010 (+0.09%)
     
  • 10-Yr Bond

    0.9530
    +0.0330 (+3.59%)
     
  • Vix

    21.02
    -0.15 (-0.71%)
     
  • GBP/USD

    1.3516
    +0.0064 (+0.47%)
     
  • USD/JPY

    103.9360
    +0.0760 (+0.07%)
     
  • BTC-USD

    18,995.96
    -261.62 (-1.36%)
     
  • CMC Crypto 200

    371.69
    -2.72 (-0.73%)
     
  • FTSE 100

    6,523.01
    +32.74 (+0.50%)
     
  • Nikkei 225

    26,751.24
    -58.13 (-0.22%)
     

Know These 3 Facts to Avoid Paying Half Your Retirement Income to the IRS - October 08, 2020

Zacks Equity Research
·4 min read

If you do not make a required minimum distribution (RMD) from your own or an inherited IRA by the specified deadline, the IRS could hit you with a big penalty - 50%! For example, if you were required to withdraw a minimum of $4,000 and you did not, you would be obliged to pay $2,000. Plus, beginning January 1, 2020, the rules concerning RMDs were updated.

Like many investors, you're likely aiming to build a comfortable nest egg to ensure a comfortable retirement. Among retirement financial planners, this is called the "accumulation phase." In this phase, your goal is to invest wisely by choosing stocks with long-term potential for your retirement portfolio, such as Kroger (KR), a current top ranked dividend stock.

But that's just half of retirement planning. The second part, the "distribution phase," sometimes gets overlooked even though it can be more fun to think about. That's because the distribution phase is where you determine how to spend your hard-earned assets.

Making plans for the distribution stage involves deciding where you'll live in retirement, whether you'll travel, your proposed leisure activities, and more decisions that will affect your spending during your golden years.

Along with those choices, you need to be mindful of the RMD, because it applies to the majority of retirement accounts. This IRS rule requires you to withdraw a specific minimum amount from any qualified accounts you have when you reach a certain age--previously it was 70 1/2, but beginning in 2020, it is 72.

What is the point of this mandatory withdrawal by the IRS? Not surprisingly, it's to be sure that the government gets their tax money. Without the RMD requirement, individuals could live off other income and never pay tax on retirement account gains. That cash could be left to family or friends as an inheritance and the IRS would not receive taxes from it.

The Most Important Things to Know About RMDs

Which types of accounts have RMDs? Qualified retirement accounts such as IRAs, 401(k)s, 457 plans, and other tax-deferred retirement savings plans like a TSP, 403(b), TSA, SEP, or SIMPLE IRA plan require withdrawals in retirement.

When does it become necessary to begin taking distributions? Your first distribution must be taken by April 1 of the year following the calendar year that you turn 72 (for most accounts). Also, if you retire after that age, you must take your first RMD from your 401(k), profit-sharing, 403(b), or other defined contribution plan by April 1 of the year after the calendar year in which you retire.

For each subsequent year after your required beginning date, you must take your RMD by December 31. Note that you do not have to take an RMD on a Roth IRA since you paid taxes prior to contributing. Other types of Roth accounts require RMDs. However, there are ways to avoid them. For example, you can roll your Roth 401(k) into your Roth IRA.

What will happen if I neglect to take my RMD? If you don't take an RMD, or don't take a large enough distribution, you are liable for a 50% tax on the amount that was not withdrawn in time.

How much cash do I need to withdraw? To figure out a particular RMD, you should divide your earlier year's December 31st retirement account balance by a "distribution period" factor dependent on your age.

Here's an example to give you an idea of the amount: Ann is 71 and will take her first RMD in the year following the year she turns 72. Her IRA balance at the end of the prior year was $100,000. Her "distribution period" factor is 27.4. Dividing $100,000 by 27.4 equals $3,649.63. This is how much Ann is required to withdraw for her first RMD.

Learning about the "distribution phase" is just one aspect of preparing for your nest egg years.

To learn more about the tax implications of retirement spending - and much more about retirement planning - download our free guide: Retirement Made Easy.


You???ll find useful, detailed steps to help you navigate both the accumulation and distribution phases of retirement planning. Get Your FREE Guide Now
 
The Kroger Co. (KR) : Free Stock Analysis Report
 
To read this article on Zacks.com click here.
 
Zacks Investment Research