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Do You Know What Cortland Bancorp's (NASDAQ:CLDB) P/E Ratio Means?

Simply Wall St
·4 mins read

Unfortunately for some shareholders, the Cortland Bancorp (NASDAQ:CLDB) share price has dived in the last thirty days. Indeed, the recent drop has reduced the annual gain to a relatively sedate 4.3% over the last twelve months.

All else being equal, a sharp share price increase should make a stock less attractive to potential investors. While the market sentiment towards a stock is very changeable, in the long run, the share price will tend to move in the same direction as earnings per share. The implication here is that deep value investors might steer clear when expectations of a company are too high. Perhaps the simplest way to get a read on investors' expectations of a business is to look at its Price to Earnings Ratio (PE Ratio). A high P/E ratio means that investors have a high expectation about future growth, while a low P/E ratio means they have low expectations about future growth.

View our latest analysis for Cortland Bancorp

Does Cortland Bancorp Have A Relatively High Or Low P/E For Its Industry?

Cortland Bancorp has a P/E ratio of 12.39. The image below shows that Cortland Bancorp has a P/E ratio that is roughly in line with the banks industry average (12.6).

NasdaqCM:CLDB Price Estimation Relative to Market, February 7th 2020
NasdaqCM:CLDB Price Estimation Relative to Market, February 7th 2020

Its P/E ratio suggests that Cortland Bancorp shareholders think that in the future it will perform about the same as other companies in its industry classification. So if Cortland Bancorp actually outperforms its peers going forward, that should be a positive for the share price. Further research into factors such as insider buying and selling, could help you form your own view on whether that is likely.

How Growth Rates Impact P/E Ratios

Earnings growth rates have a big influence on P/E ratios. When earnings grow, the 'E' increases, over time. And in that case, the P/E ratio itself will drop rather quickly. A lower P/E should indicate the stock is cheap relative to others -- and that may attract buyers.

Cortland Bancorp shrunk earnings per share by 17% over the last year. But over the longer term (5 years) earnings per share have increased by 15%.

Remember: P/E Ratios Don't Consider The Balance Sheet

The 'Price' in P/E reflects the market capitalization of the company. So it won't reflect the advantage of cash, or disadvantage of debt. Theoretically, a business can improve its earnings (and produce a lower P/E in the future) by investing in growth. That means taking on debt (or spending its cash).

Such spending might be good or bad, overall, but the key point here is that you need to look at debt to understand the P/E ratio in context.

So What Does Cortland Bancorp's Balance Sheet Tell Us?

Cortland Bancorp's net debt is 7.4% of its market cap. The market might award it a higher P/E ratio if it had net cash, but its unlikely this low level of net borrowing is having a big impact on the P/E multiple.

The Verdict On Cortland Bancorp's P/E Ratio

Cortland Bancorp's P/E is 12.4 which is below average (18.6) in the US market. Since it only carries a modest debt load, it's likely the low expectations implied by the P/E ratio arise from the lack of recent earnings growth. Given Cortland Bancorp's P/E ratio has declined from 12.4 to 12.4 in the last month, we know for sure that the market is less confident about the business today, than it was back then. For those who prefer to invest with the flow of momentum, that might be a bad sign, but for a contrarian, it may signal opportunity.

When the market is wrong about a stock, it gives savvy investors an opportunity. As value investor Benjamin Graham famously said, 'In the short run, the market is a voting machine but in the long run, it is a weighing machine. Although we don't have analyst forecasts you could get a better understanding of its growth by checking out this more detailed historical graph of earnings, revenue and cash flow.

Of course you might be able to find a better stock than Cortland Bancorp. So you may wish to see this free collection of other companies that have grown earnings strongly.

If you spot an error that warrants correction, please contact the editor at editorial-team@simplywallst.com. This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. Simply Wall St has no position in the stocks mentioned.

We aim to bring you long-term focused research analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Thank you for reading.