With every election, the United States gets a step closer to a nation of legal recreational weed.
After all, our upstairs neighbors in Canada championed nationwide marijuana reform by passing a legalization bill in June. In the 2018 midterm elections, four states voted on various stages of legalization, whether medical or recreational. Here's a rundown of the results.
Michigan votes for recreational weed
Voters in Michigan voted for Proposal 1, which legalizes recreational marijuana and regulates it like alcohol. Following in Colorado's footsteps, the proposal will allow adults 21 and over to purchase and possess weed, and will tax cannabis products.
Michigan is significantly less restrictive than other states with legalized weed — while most others only allow residents to possess up to one ounce of bud, Michigan residents will be allowed to hold up to 2.5 ounces. And while a majority of legal states only allow the cultivation of six cannabis plants per individual, Michigan will allow 12. It's lit.
North Dakota votes against recreational weed
Unlike precedents set by other states' legalization efforts, North Dakota's Measure 3 didn't touch regulation and possession limits. It would, however, have legalized cannabis for residents 21-years-old and over, and expunged old convictions for cannabis possession.
If Measure 3 passed, it would have fallen on the state legislature to pull together a regulatory structure.
Missouri voted for medical use, but only on one of three initiatives
Missouri voted on three separate initiatives on pot; each one deals with how medical marijuana would be taxed, but Missouri voters had to decide which plan to go with. They ultimately voted yes on Amendment 2, and no on the other measures.
Amendment 2 follows the footsteps of previous state medical legalization. Doctors can prescribe cannabis products for various symptoms, and patients can either buy it or grow it at home. Per the Associated Press, the 4 percent sales tax would fund veteran health services.
Amendment 3, on the other hand, would have placed a 15 percent tax on weed you'd buy at a storefront, and a tax on wholesale bud. The taxes collected would be used to fund a "state institute" to research "presently incurable diseases."
Proposition C would have altered state law to place a 2 percent tax on medical weed that would go to veteran services, drug treatment, early childhood education, and public safety in cities with dispensaries.
Utah voted for medical use, but there's a catch
Utah's medical legalization effort is a bit complicated: Despite what Utah voters decided on Proposition 2, the governor will still call for a special legislative session to craft an alternative, more limited bill. The compromise is more restrictive than other states' medical marijuana efforts, since patients won't be allowed to grow their own weed and can only smoke the prescribed bud under certain circumstances.
So even though Utah voted yes on Proposition 2 — which would have allowed medical marijuana patients to cultivate cannabis plants, allowed for more dispensaries, and included a more expansive list qualifying conditions for a prescription — the compromise pushed by the Church of the Latter Day Saints cuts back on all of it.
Recreational marijuana is currently legal in some form in Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada, Oregon, Vermont, Washington, and Washington, D.C. Additionally, 30 states offer some form of medical cannabis.
Ohio was the most recent state to legalize medical weed through a ballot initiative in October, and Vermont became the first state to bypass the polls entirely by legalizing recreational cannabis through its state legislature in January.
Despite Attorney General Jeff Sessions' ardent attempts to stomp out legal weed, a 2017 Gallup poll showed record-high support for legalizing marijuana from both Democrats and Republicans. On a more municipal level, voters in various cities across Ohio weighed questions related to decriminalization and minimizing punishments so that possession is treated like a traffic ticket instead of a misdemeanor. In Wisconsin, voters in towns across the state came out in support of legalizing both medical and recreational pot, possibly setting a precedent for statewide legalization.