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Slumping Pound, Soaring Yields Show Mammoth Task for UK’s Truss

·3 min read

(Bloomberg) -- A currency near the lowest in decades, an unprecedented surge in government borrowing costs and record underperformance in domestic stocks -- such is the dismal scene in markets that awaits Liz Truss, Britain’s new prime minister.

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The pound, already down about 15% this year versus the dollar, just posted its worst monthly performance since the 2016 Brexit vote. Meanwhile, borrowing costs for businesses have jumped after six back-to-back rate hikes by the Bank of England, while expectations of further increases have shot up amid warnings that inflation will spiral further out of control.

S&P Global said Monday that its composite indicator for private-sector production showed a contraction for the first time since February 2021, and one business lobby group has suggested that the country is already in the midst of a recession. A decline in household spending and real wages has triggered a swathe of strikes across sectors as a cost-of-living crisis starts to bite.

With the bookies’ favorite Truss now confirmed as the next prime minister, investors will be watching closely to see whether her policies will mitigate or exacerbate the rout in UK assets. Strategists fear she could borrow heavily to fund tax cuts, further damaging the nation’s balance sheet.

Read more: Liz Truss Wins Leadership Race to Become Next UK Prime Minister

“Truss will likely be less keen to balance the country’s books than former Chancellor Sunak would have been, and interest rates are likely to increase further during her premiership,” said Frederique Carrier, head of investment strategy at RBC Wealth Management.

Here’s a snapshot of what’s happening in UK markets:

Pound Sterling

After a precipitous drop this year, cable is trading around $1.15, close to its weakest level since 1985. It traded as low as $1.1444 earlier on Monday before paring that fall and was little changed after the leadership race result was announced just after 12:30 p.m. in London.

A gauge of momentum called fear-greed implies that sellers are firmly in control of prices. The pound’s weakness is raising the cost of imports, fueling already-searing inflation.

Government Bonds

The rate on two-year government bonds has surged past 3.2%, its highest since the global financial crisis in 2008, shattering investor hopes that the worst of the selloff was over. Swaps linked to the BOE’s policy meetings show rate-hike expectations have jumped higher, implying the key rate will more than double from 1.75% before year-end.

UK Stocks

The mid-cap FTSE 250 index -- whose member companies are heavily-dependent on the domestic economy -- is on course for its biggest-ever annual underperformance versus the exporter-based FTSE 100. That’s as the blue-chip FTSE 100 continues to be supported by mining and energy firms that are getting a windfall from booming commodities markets, as well as exporters who benefit from sterling’s slide.

Tineke Frikkee, head of UK equity research at Waverton Investment Management, says the benefit of any reduction in taxes by a new prime minister will take time to come through. “We need to get past peak inflation expectations before we can see a reversal of trends,” she said via email. “Next year could prove to be a better year for the FTSE 250.”

Corporate Debt

Borrowing costs for blue-chip British companies have risen past 5% for the first time in more than a decade, as runaway inflation hammers the country’s corporate sector. The yield spread between sterling and dollar-denominated corporate bonds is the widest since 2014, reflecting particularly acute pressures in the UK.

(Updates with leadership contest result.)

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