By Yousef Saba
DUBAI (Reuters) - The Middle East and North Africa are the world's fastest-growing cryptocurrency markets, with the volume of crypto received in the region jumping 48% in the year to June, blockchain researcher Chainalysis said in a report on Wednesday.
While the MENA region is one of the smallest crypto markets, its growth to $566 billion received in cryptocurrency between July 2021 and June 2022 shows adoption is rising rapidly.
(GRAPHIC: MENA countries by growth in crypto transaction volume, July 2020-June 2021 vs July 2021-June 2022 - https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/mopanxwllva/Mideast%20crypto%20growth.png)
Latin America saw the second biggest growth in the same period, at 40%. North America was next at 36% growth, followed closely by Central and Southern Asia and Oceania at 35% growth, Chainalysis said.
Three MENA countries are among the top 30 in Chainalysis' 2022 Global Crypto Adoption Index, with Turkey in 12th place, Egypt taking the 14th spot and Morocco 24th.
"In Turkey and Egypt, fluctuating cryptocurrency prices have coincided with rapid fiat (traditional) currency devaluations, strengthening the appeal of crypto for savings preservation," Chainalysis said.
The Turkish lira has weakened nearly 30% this year to new record-lows, after losing 44% of its value last year amid a currency crisis triggered by rate cuts.
Turkey tops the MENA region in terms of value of crypto received by far, having received $192 billion worth of crypto in the year to end-June, though only saw 10.5% year-on-year growth.
Egypt's currency has also lost about a quarter of its value against the dollar at the start of the year.
"Remittance payments account for about 8% of Egypt's GDP, and the country's national bank has already begun a project to build a crypto-based remittance corridor between Egypt and the UAE, where many Egyptian natives work," Chainalysis said.
The six countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council "seldom make it to the top of our grassroots crypto adoption index, as it weighs countries by purchasing power parity per capita, which favours poorer nations," Chainalysis said.
GRAPHIC: MENA countries by crypto value received, July 2021 to June 2022 - https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/xmpjozbrovr/Mideast%20crypto%20adoption.png)
"Nevertheless, their role in the crypto ecosystem should not be underestimated. Saudi Arabia, for example, is the third-largest crypto market in all of MENA, and UAE is fifth."
Afghanistan, which was 20th in Chainalysis' adoption index last year, has tumbled to the bottom of the list as Taliban authorities have "equated crypto to gambling," which is forbidden in Islam, Chainalysis said.
From November 2021 to now, Afghanistan-based users received less than $80,000 in crypto a month on average from $68 million a month on average before the Taliban's takeover, Chainalysis said.
(Reporting by Yousef Saba. Editing by Jane Merriman)