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Merck Announces First-Quarter 2022 Financial Results

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·32 min read
In this article:
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  • First-Quarter 2022 Results Reflect Sustained Strong Business Momentum, With Robust Top- and Bottom-Line Growth

  • First-Quarter 2022 Worldwide Sales From Continuing Operations Were $15.9 Billion, an Increase of 50% From First-Quarter 2021; LAGEVRIO Sales Were $3.2 Billion, Growth Excluding LAGEVRIO Was 19%; Sales Growth Favorably Impacted by COVID-19 Recovery

    • KEYTRUDA Sales Grew 23% to $4.8 Billion; Excluding the Impact From Foreign Exchange, Sales Grew 27%

    • GARDASIL and GARDASIL 9 Sales Grew 59% to $1.5 Billion; Excluding the Impact From Foreign Exchange, Sales Grew 60%

    • Animal Health Sales Grew 4% to $1.5 Billion; Excluding the Impact From Foreign Exchange, Sales Grew 9%

  • First-Quarter 2022 GAAP EPS From Continuing Operations Was $1.70; First-Quarter 2022 Non-GAAP EPS Was $2.14

  • Received Multiple Regulatory Approvals and Advanced Clinical Research Pipeline

  • 2022 Financial Outlook:

    • Company Raises and Narrows Full-Year 2022 Worldwide Sales To Be Between $56.9 Billion and $58.1 Billion, Reflecting Projected Full-Year Growth of 17% to 19%

    • Company Raises and Narrows Full-Year 2022 GAAP EPS To Be Between $5.90 and $6.02; Company Raises and Narrows Full-Year 2022 Non-GAAP EPS To Be Between $7.24 and $7.36, Including Negative Impact from Foreign Exchange of Approximately 2%

KENILWORTH, N.J., April 28, 2022--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Merck (NYSE: MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, today announced financial results for the first quarter of 2022.

This press release features multimedia. View the full release here: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20220428005403/en/

"We successfully delivered across our key strategic priorities and achieved strong top- and bottom-line growth," said chief executive officer and president, Robert M. Davis. "Robust first quarter performance was driven by significant clinical advancements in our research pipeline and effective commercial execution across a broad set of key growth drivers. We remain focused on driving our strategy, which is led by science, and are confident in the durability of our growth prospects, as we continue to provide value for patients, shareholders and all stakeholders today and well into the future."

Financial Summary

Financial information presented in this release reflects Merck’s results on a continuing operations basis, which excludes Organon & Co., that was spun-off on June 2, 2021.

$ in millions, except EPS amounts

First Quarter

2022

2021

Change

Change
Ex-
Exchange

Sales

$15,901

$10,627

50%

52%

GAAP net income1

4,310

2,745

57%

61%

Non-GAAP net income that excludes certain items1,2*

5,429

2,947

84%

88%

GAAP EPS

1.70

1.08

57%

62%

Non-GAAP EPS that excludes certain items2*

2.14

1.16

84%

89%

*Refer to table on page 11.

GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles) earnings per share assuming dilution (EPS) was $1.70 for the first quarter of 2022. Non-GAAP EPS of $2.14 for the first quarter of 2022 excludes acquisition- and divestiture-related costs, restructuring costs, as well as income and losses from investments in equity securities. Refer to the GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliation table on page 11 for further details.

Oncology Program Highlights

Merck continued to advance development programs across its oncology portfolio with multiple approvals in the quarter across different stages of disease. Merck announced the following regulatory milestones in the first quarter:

  • U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab), an anti-PD-1 therapy, as a single agent for the treatment of patients with advanced endometrial carcinoma that is microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR), as determined by an FDA-approved test, who have disease progression following prior systemic therapy in any setting and are not candidates for curative surgery or radiation, based on data from Cohorts D and K of the KEYNOTE-158 trial.

  • FDA approval of Lynparza (olaparib), a PARP inhibitor being co-developed and co-commercialized with AstraZeneca, for the adjuvant treatment of adult patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA-mutated, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative high-risk early breast cancer who have been treated with neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy based on results from the OlympiA trial. Updated results from OlympiA, including overall survival findings, were presented at a European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Virtual Plenary.

  • Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare approval of KEYTRUDA plus Lenvima (lenvatinib), an orally available tyrosine kinase inhibitor being co-developed and co-commercialized with Eisai, for radically unresectable or metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) based on results from the CLEAR/KEYNOTE-581 study.

  • Positive opinions from the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) of the European Medicines Agency, including a recommendation for KEYTRUDA in combination with chemotherapy, with or without bevacizumab, for the treatment of persistent, recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer in adult patients whose tumors express PD-L1 (Combined Positive Score ≥1) (KEYNOTE-826); a recommendation for KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy for certain patients with unresectable or metastatic MSI-H/dMMR colorectal, gastric, small intestine or biliary cancer, as well as advanced or recurrent MSI-H/dMMR endometrial cancer (KEYNOTE-158/KEYNOTE-164); and a recommendation for KEYTRUDA in combination with chemotherapy as neoadjuvant treatment, and then continued as monotherapy as adjuvant treatment after surgery for adults with locally advanced, or early-stage triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) at high risk of recurrence (KEYNOTE-522).

  • Merck provided additional study updates including:

    • Results from the KEYNOTE-091 trial (EORTC-1416-LCG/ETOP-8-15 – PEARLS) at an ESMO Virtual Plenary. The study found that adjuvant treatment with KEYTRUDA significantly improved disease-free survival (DFS), one of the dual primary endpoints, compared to placebo in patients with stage IB to IIIA non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) following surgical resection, regardless of PD-L1 expression. There was also an improvement in DFS for patients whose tumors express PD-L1 (Tumor Proportion Score ≥50%) treated with KEYTRUDA compared to placebo, the other dual primary endpoint; these results did not reach statistical significance per the pre-specified statistical plan.

    • Positive topline distant metastasis-free survival results for the KEYNOTE-716 trial evaluating KEYTRUDA for the adjuvant treatment of patients with resected stage IIB and IIC melanoma compared to placebo. These key secondary endpoint results build on the FDA approval and previously reported statistically significant improvement observed in recurrence-free survival.

    • Results presented by Merck and AstraZeneca from the PROpel trial at the 2022 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Genitourinary Cancers Symposium. The study showed Lynparza plus abiraterone and prednisone demonstrated a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in radiographic progression-free survival versus abiraterone plus prednisone, a standard of care, as a first-line treatment for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) regardless of mutational status of homologous recombination genes.

    • Publication of results from KEYNOTE-522 and KEYNOTE-775/Study 309 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

    • Discontinuation of the KEYLYNK-010 trial investigating KEYTRUDA plus Lynparza for the treatment of patients with mCRPC who progressed after treatment with chemotherapy and either abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide.

COVID-19 Program Highlights

Merck and Ridgeback Biotherapeutics (Ridgeback) continue to advance LAGEVRIO (molnupiravir), an investigational oral antiviral COVID-19 treatment. LAGEVRIO has received multiple authorizations or approvals worldwide to date, with additional applications under review. LAGEVRIO is currently available in more than 30 markets, including in the U.K. (under Conditional Marketing Authorization), the U.S. (under Emergency Use Authorization), and Japan (under Special Approval for Emergency).

  • Merck and Ridgeback announced that data from studies evaluating LAGEVRIO were presented at the 2022 European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases. The presentation included final analyses of prespecified exploratory virologic outcomes from the Phase 3 MOVe-OUT trial, which studied LAGEVRIO versus placebo for the treatment of non-hospitalized adults with mild-to-moderate COVID-19 at high risk for progressing to severe disease. Results showed that among patients with infectious virus isolated at baseline and for whom post-baseline infectivity data were available, LAGEVRIO was associated with more rapid elimination of infectious SARS-CoV-2 than placebo.

Infectious Diseases Program Highlights

  • Merck announced the findings from a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of data from real-world observational studies of PREVYMIS (letermovir) for primary prophylaxis (prevention) of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and disease in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) who were CMV-seropositive. Compared to controls, primary prophylaxis with PREVYMIS was associated at 100 days of follow-up after alloHCT with: 87% lower odds of CMV reactivation; 91% lower odds for clinically significant CMV infection; 69% lower odds of CMV disease; 94% lower odds of CMV-related hospitalization; and 48% lower odds of Grade 2 or greater graft versus host disease. PREVYMIS was approved by the FDA in 2017.

Cardiovascular Program Highlights

  • Merck held a virtual investor event, which provided a detailed overview of the company’s broad and growing late-stage cardiovascular pipeline and portfolio, which has tripled in size in the past year through clinical trial progress and business development.

  • The company is positioned to deliver at least eight cardiovascular approvals by 2030.

  • Merck completed the enrollment of the STELLAR study, the first registrational study designed to evaluate sotatercept/MK-7962 in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension and a moderate range of disabilities.

Vaccines Program Updates

  • Merck announced receipt of breakthrough therapy designation from the FDA for V116, the company’s investigational 21-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, for the prevention of invasive pneumococcal disease and pneumococcal pneumonia in adults caused by the serotypes in the vaccine. V116, which is expected to move to Phase 3 in 2022, is designed to target serotypes that account for 85% of all invasive pneumococcal disease in individuals aged 65 and over in the U.S. as of 20193.

  • Merck reaffirmed its commitment to enable broad equitable access to the company’s Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines, GARDASIL [Human Papillomavirus Quadrivalent (Types 6, 11, 16 and 18) Vaccine, Recombinant] and GARDASIL 9 (Human Papillomavirus 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant). The company expanded its vaccines manufacturing facility located in Elkton, VA, completing the construction of a 120,000 square foot extension and adding 150 new jobs at the site to increase capacity and global supply of the company’s HPV vaccines.

  • Merck announced the FDA has extended the Prescription Drug User Fee Act date for the supplemental biologics license application for VAXNEUVANCE (Pneumococcal 15-valent Conjugate Vaccine) in infants and children to July 1, 2022.

Additional Updates

  • Merck issued a statement on Russia’s invasion of Ukraine noting that the company’s primary concerns are the safety and well-being of its employees and ensuring patients have continued access to medicines and vaccines needed for patient and public health. The financial impacts of the war were immaterial to the company’s results for the first quarter of 2022.

  • Merck will host an Oncology Investor Event to coincide with the ASCO Annual Meeting on Tuesday, June 7, 2022, at which senior management will provide an update on the company’s oncology strategy and program. The event will take place in Chicago, IL, and will be accessible via webcast. Further details, including the webcast link, will be announced at a later date.

  • Merck held a virtual investor event which discussed the details of the company’s Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) priority areas (Access to Health, Employees, Environmental Sustainability and Ethics and Values) and outlined how its ESG strategy is fundamental to the company’s long-term business value and success.

First-Quarter Sales Performance

The following table reflects sales of the company’s top pharmaceutical products, as well as sales of Animal Health products.

$ in millions

First Quarter

2022

2021

Change

Change Ex-
Exchange

Total Sales

$15,901

$10,627

50%

52%

Pharmaceutical

14,107

9,238

53%

57%

KEYTRUDA

4,809

3,899

23%

27%

LAGEVRIO

3,247

0

-

-

GARDASIL / GARDASIL 9

1,460

917

59%

60%

JANUVIA / JANUMET

1,233

1,295

-5%

-1%

PROQUAD, M-M-R II and

VARIVAX

470

449

5%

6%

BRIDION

395

340

16%

20%

Lynparza*

266

228

17%

20%

Lenvima*

227

130

75%

77%

ROTATEQ

216

158

36%

38%

SIMPONI

186

214

-13%

-6%

Animal Health

1,482

1,418

4%

9%

Livestock

832

819

2%

7%

Companion Animals

650

599

9%

13%

Other Revenues**

312

(29)

>100%

>100%

*Alliance revenue for this product represents Merck’s share of profits, which are product sales net of cost of sales and commercialization costs.

**Other revenues are comprised primarily of third-party manufacturing sales and miscellaneous corporate revenues, including

revenue-hedging activities. The revenue-hedging activities resulted in negative revenue in the first quarter of 2021.

Pharmaceutical Revenue

First-quarter pharmaceutical sales increased 53% to $14.1 billion. Pharmaceutical sales growth in the first quarter was 18% excluding LAGEVRIO sales and was primarily driven by oncology, vaccines and hospital acute care products. The COVID-19 pandemic unfavorably affected sales in the first quarter of 2021 by approximately $500 million, which favorably impacted the growth rate in the first quarter of 2022.

LAGEVRIO sales totaled $3.2 billion for the first quarter, primarily consisting of sales in the U.S., the U.K., Japan, and Australia. There were no sales of LAGEVRIO in the first quarter of 2021.

Growth in oncology was largely driven by higher sales of KEYTRUDA, which rose 23% to $4.8 billion in the quarter. Global sales growth of KEYTRUDA reflects continued strong momentum from the NSCLC indications as well as uptake in other indications, including RCC, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, TNBC and MSI-H cancers. Also contributing to higher sales in oncology was a 75% increase in Lenvima alliance revenue driven primarily by higher demand in the U.S. and China, as well as a 17% increase in Lynparza alliance revenue, reflecting continued uptake globally, particularly in the U.S.

Growth in vaccines for the first quarter was primarily driven by higher combined sales of GARDASIL and GARDASIL 9, vaccines to prevent certain cancers and other diseases caused by HPV. First-quarter GARDASIL and GARDASIL 9 sales grew 59% to $1.5 billion, primarily driven by strong demand outside of the U.S., particularly in China, which also benefited from increased supply. Additionally, higher sales in the U.S. reflect public sector buying patterns. Growth in vaccines also reflects higher sales of ROTATEQ (Rotavirus Vaccine, Live, Oral, Pentavalent), a vaccine to help protect against rotavirus gastroenteritis in infants and children, which increased 36% to $216 million attributable to public sector buying patterns in the U.S.

Growth in hospital acute care reflects higher demand globally for BRIDION (sugammadex) injection 100 mg/mL, a medicine for the reversal of neuromuscular blockade induced by rocuronium bromide or vecuronium bromide in adults and pediatric patients aged 2 years and older undergoing surgery. Sales increased 16% to $395 million due primarily to the ongoing recovery in surgical procedures during the quarter. Also contributing to growth in hospital acute care were higher sales of ZERBAXA (ceftolozane and tazobactam), a combination cephalosporin antibacterial and beta-lactamase inhibitor for the treatment of adults with certain bacterial infections. Sales of $30 million resulted from the phased resupply initiated in the fourth quarter of 2021 that was expanded to additional markets in the first quarter of 2022.

Pharmaceutical sales growth was partially offset by lower combined sales of ISENTRESS/ISENTRESS HD (raltegravir), an HIV integrase inhibitor used in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of HIV-1 infection, which declined 24% to $158 million reflecting lower global demand, including the impact from the timing of a government tender. Pharmaceutical sales growth was also partially offset by lower combined sales of JANUVIA (sitagliptin) and JANUMET (sitagliptin and metformin HCI), which declined 5% to $1.2 billion reflecting lower demand in the U.S., partially offset by higher demand in certain international markets. The company will lose market exclusivity for JANUVIA and JANUMET in the European Union and China in the third quarter of 2022.

Animal Health Revenue

Animal Health sales totaled $1.5 billion for the first quarter of 2022, an increase of 4% compared with the first quarter of 2021. Excluding the unfavorable effect from foreign exchange, Animal Health sales grew 9%. Higher sales of companion animal products were primarily driven by the BRAVECTO (fluralaner) parasiticide line of products, as well as vaccines. Sales growth in livestock products reflects higher demand globally for ruminant and poultry products.

First-Quarter Expense, EPS and Related Information

The tables below present selected expense information.

$ in millions

First-Quarter 2022

GAAP

Acquisition-
and
Divestiture-
Related
Costs4

Restructuring
Costs

(Income)
Loss from
Investments
in Equity
Securities

Certain
Other
Items

Non-
GAAP2

Cost of sales

$5,380

$680

$46

$-

$-

$4,654

Selling, general and administrative

2,323

50

21

-

-

2,252

Research and development

2,576

22

7

-

-

2,547

Restructuring costs

53

-

53

-

-

-

Other (income) expense, net

708

(115)

-

684

-

139

First-Quarter 2021

Cost of sales

$3,199

$497

$27

$-

$188

$2,487

Selling, general and administrative

2,187

10

3

-

-

2,174

Research and development

2,412

18

7

-

-

2,387

Restructuring costs

297

-

297

-

-

-

Other (income) expense, net

(455)

(28)

-

(561)

-

134

GAAP Expense, EPS and Related Information

Gross margin was 66.2% for the first quarter of 2022 compared to 69.9% for the first quarter of 2021. The decrease primarily reflects impacts from LAGEVRIO, which has a lower gross margin due to profit sharing with Ridgeback, as well as higher manufacturing costs and higher acquisition- and divestiture-related costs. The gross margin decline was partially offset by the favorable effects of product mix and a charge in the first quarter of 2021 related to the discontinuation of COVID-19 development programs.

Selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses were $2.3 billion in the first quarter of 2022, an increase of 6% compared to the first quarter of 2021. The increase primarily reflects higher acquisition- and divestiture-related costs and higher administrative costs, including compensation and benefit costs, partially offset by the favorable impact from foreign exchange.

Research and development (R&D) expenses were $2.6 billion in the first quarter of 2022, an increase of 7% compared with the first quarter of 2021. The increase was primarily due to higher clinical development spending, and higher investments in technology in support of the digital enablement of Merck’s research operations, partially offset by the favorable impact from foreign exchange.

Other (income) expense, net, was $708 million of expense in the first quarter of 2022 compared to $455 million of income in the first quarter of 2021, primarily due to net realized and unrealized losses from investments in equity securities in the first quarter of 2022 compared with net realized and unrealized income from investments in equity securities in the first quarter of 2021.

The effective income tax rate of 11.4% for the first quarter of 2022 reflects the impact of lower U.S. income due to net losses from investments in equity securities.

GAAP EPS was $1.70 for the first quarter of 2022 compared with $1.08 for the first quarter of 2021.

Non-GAAP Expense, EPS and Related Information

Non-GAAP gross margin was 70.7% for the first quarter of 2022 compared to 76.6% for the first quarter of 2021. The decrease in non-GAAP gross margin primarily reflects impacts from LAGEVRIO, which has a lower gross margin due to profit sharing with Ridgeback, as well as higher manufacturing costs. The gross margin decline was partially offset by the favorable effects of product mix.

Non-GAAP SG&A expenses were $2.3 billion in the first quarter of 2022, an increase of 4% compared to the first quarter of 2021. The increase primarily reflects higher administrative costs, including compensation and benefit costs, partially offset by the favorable impact from foreign exchange.

Non-GAAP R&D expenses were $2.5 billion in the first quarter of 2022, a 7% increase compared to the first quarter of 2021. The increase was primarily due to higher clinical development spending, and higher investments in technology in support of the digital enablement of Merck’s research operations, partially offset by the favorable impact from foreign exchange.

Non-GAAP other (income) expense, net, was $139 million of expense in the first quarter of 2022 compared to $134 million of expense in the first quarter of 2021.

The non-GAAP effective income tax rate was 14.0% for the first quarter of 2022.

Non-GAAP EPS was $2.14 for the first quarter of 2022 compared with $1.16 for the first quarter of 2021.

A reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP net income and EPS is provided in the table that follows.

$ in millions, except EPS amounts

First Quarter

2022

2021

EPS

GAAP EPS

$1.70

$1.08

Difference

0.44

0.08

Non-GAAP EPS that excludes items listed below2

$2.14

$1.16

Net Income

GAAP net income1

$4,310

$2,745

Difference

1,119

202

Non-GAAP net income that excludes items listed below1,2

$5,429

$2,947

Decrease (Increase) in Net Income Due to Excluded Items:

Acquisition- and divestiture-related costs4

$637

$497

Restructuring costs

127

334

Loss (income) from investments in equity securities

684

(561)

Charge for the discontinuation of COVID-19 development programs

-

188

Net decrease (increase) in income before taxes

1,448

458

Income tax (benefit) expense5

(329)

(256)

Decrease (increase) in net income

$1,119

$202

Financial Outlook

Beginning in 2022, Merck will no longer exclude expenses for upfront and milestone payments related to collaborations and licensing agreements, or charges related to pre-approval assets obtained in transactions accounted for as asset acquisitions from its non-GAAP results. Historically, the company excluded these charges to the extent they were considered by the company to be significant to the results of a particular period. These changes are being made to align with views expressed by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Prior periods have been recast to reflect these changes. For 2021, non-GAAP results have been recast to include $1.7 billion of incremental R&D expense, and a related reduction in full-year EPS of $0.65, resulting in revised 2021 EPS of $5.37.

While business development continues to be a priority for Merck, the financial outlook does not assume any significant expenses or charges from transactions that would have been previously excluded from non-GAAP results.

Merck continues to experience strong global underlying demand across its key pillars of growth. As a result, Merck is raising and narrowing its full-year guidance for revenues and EPS.

At mid-April 2022 exchange rates, Merck now expects sales growth of 17% to 19% in 2022, with full-year revenue estimated to be between $56.9 billion and $58.1 billion, including a negative impact from foreign exchange of just over 2%.

Merck’s full-year effective income tax rate is now assumed to be between 13.5% and 14.5%.

Merck is raising and narrowing its full-year 2022 GAAP EPS range to be between $5.90 and $6.02.

Merck is raising and narrowing its full-year 2022 non-GAAP EPS range to be between $7.24 and $7.36, including a negative impact from foreign exchange of approximately 2%, or $0.11, at mid-April 2022 exchange rates.

The non-GAAP range excludes acquisition- and divestiture-related costs and costs related to restructuring programs as well as income and losses from investments in equity securities.

This full year guidance includes expected sales of $5.0 billion to $5.5 billion from LAGEVRIO. Merck shares profits equally with its partner, Ridgeback, which is reflected in cost of sales.

GAAP

Non-GAAP2

Sales

$56.9 to $58.1 billion

$56.9 to $58.1 billion*

Operating expenses

$20.5 to $21.5 billion

$20.3 to $21.3 billion

Effective tax rate

12.5% to 13.5%

13.5% to 14.5%

EPS**

$5.90 to $6.02

$7.24 to $7.36

*The company does not have any non-GAAP adjustments to sales.

**EPS guidance for 2022 assumes a share count (assuming dilution) of approximately 2.53 billion shares.

A reconciliation of anticipated full-year 2022 GAAP EPS to non-GAAP EPS and the items excluded from non-GAAP EPS are provided in the table below.

$ in millions, except EPS amounts

Full-Year 2022

GAAP EPS

$5.90 to $6.02

Difference

$1.34

Non-GAAP EPS that excludes items listed below2

$7.24 to $7.36

Acquisition- and divestiture-related costs

$2,785

Restructuring costs

400

(Income) loss from investments in equity securities

1,000

Net decrease (increase) in income before taxes

$4,185

Estimated income tax (benefit) expense

(810)

Decrease (increase) in net income

$3,375

Earnings Conference Call

Investors, journalists and the general public may access a live audio webcast of the call today at 8:00 a.m. EDT on Merck’s website at https://investors.merck.com/events-and-presentations/default.aspx.

Institutional investors can participate by dialing (833) 353-0277 or (469) 886-1947 and using ID code number 6647568. Members of the media are invited to monitor the call by dialing (833) 353-0277 or (469) 886-1947 and using ID code number 6647568. Journalists who wish to ask questions are requested to contact a member of Merck’s Media Relations team.

About Merck

At Merck, known as MSD outside of the United States and Canada, we are unified around our purpose: We use the power of leading-edge science to save and improve lives around the world. For more than 130 years, we have brought hope to humanity through the development of important medicines and vaccines. We aspire to be the premier research-intensive biopharmaceutical company in the world – and today, we are at the forefront of research to deliver innovative health solutions that advance the prevention and treatment of diseases in people and animals. We foster a diverse and inclusive global workforce and operate responsibly every day to enable a safe, sustainable and healthy future for all people and communities. For more information, visit www.merck.com and connect with us on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, YouTube and LinkedIn.

Forward-Looking Statement of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, N.J., USA

This news release of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, N.J., USA (the "company") includes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of the company’s management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. There can be no guarantees with respect to pipeline candidates that the candidates will receive the necessary regulatory approvals or that they will prove to be commercially successful. If underlying assumptions prove inaccurate or risks or uncertainties materialize, actual results may differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements.

Risks and uncertainties include but are not limited to, general industry conditions and competition; general economic factors, including interest rate and currency exchange rate fluctuations; the impact of the global outbreak of novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19); the impact of pharmaceutical industry regulation and health care legislation in the United States and internationally; global trends toward health care cost containment; technological advances, new products and patents attained by competitors; challenges inherent in new product development, including obtaining regulatory approval; the company’s ability to accurately predict future market conditions; manufacturing difficulties or delays; financial instability of international economies and sovereign risk; dependence on the effectiveness of the company’s patents and other protections for innovative products; and the exposure to litigation, including patent litigation, and/or regulatory actions.

The company undertakes no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Additional factors that could cause results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements can be found in the company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, and the company’s other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) available at the SEC’s Internet site (www.sec.gov).

________________________________

1

Net income from continuing operations attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.

2

Merck is providing certain 2022 and 2021 non-GAAP information that excludes certain items because of the nature of these items and the impact they have on the analysis of underlying business performance and trends. Management believes that providing this information enhances investors’ understanding of the company’s results because management uses non-GAAP results to assess performance. Management uses non-GAAP measures internally for planning and forecasting purposes and to measure the performance of the company along with other metrics. In addition, senior management’s annual compensation is derived in part using a non-GAAP pretax income metric. This information should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for or superior to, information prepared in accordance with GAAP. For a description of the non-GAAP adjustments, see Table 2a attached to this release.

3

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, IPD serotype data 2019, as compiled from data provided through Active Bacterial Core surveillance (ABCs).

4

Includes expenses for the amortization of intangible assets and purchase accounting adjustments to inventories recognized as a result of acquisitions, intangible asset impairment charges and expense or income related to changes in the estimated fair value measurement of liabilities for contingent consideration. Also includes integration, transaction and certain other costs related to acquisitions and divestitures.

5

Includes the estimated tax impact on the reconciling items. In addition, the amount for the first quarter of 2021 includes a $208 million net tax benefit related to the settlement of certain federal income tax matters.

MERCK & CO., INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME - GAAP

(AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE FIGURES)

(UNAUDITED)

Table 1

On June 2, 2021, Merck completed the spin-off of products from its women’s health, biosimilars and established brands businesses into a new, independent, publicly traded company named Organon & Co. (Organon). The historical results of the businesses that were contributed to Organon in the spin-off are excluded from sales and expenses below and reflected as discontinued operations in the company’s Consolidated Statements of Income provided below.

GAAP

% Change

1Q22

1Q21

Sales

$

15,901

$

10,627

50

%

Costs, Expenses and Other

Cost of sales

5,380

3,199

68

%

Selling, general and administrative

2,323

2,187

6

%

Research and development

2,576

2,412

7

%

Restructuring costs

53

297

-82

%

Other (income) expense, net

708

(455

)

*

Income from Continuing Operations Before Taxes

4,861

2,987

63

%

Income Tax Provision

554

238

Net Income from Continuing Operations

4,307

2,749

57

%

Less: Net (Loss) Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

(3

)

4

Net Income from Continuing Operations Attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.

4,310

2,745

57

%

Income from Discontinued Operations, Net of Taxes and Amounts Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

-

434

*

Net Income Attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.

$

4,310

$

3,179

36

%

Basic Earnings per Common Share Attributable to Merck & Co., Inc. Common Shareholders:

Income from Continuing Operations

$

1.70

$

1.08

57

%

Income from Discontinued Operations

-

0.17

*

Net Income

$

1.70

$

1.26

35

%

Earnings per Common Share Assuming Dilution Attributable to Merck & Co., Inc. Common Shareholders:

Income from Continuing Operations

$

1.70

$

1.08

57

%

Income from Discontinued Operations

-

0.17

*

Net Income

$

1.70

$

1.25

36

%

Average Shares Outstanding

2,528

2,531

Average Shares Outstanding Assuming Dilution

2,537

2,541

Tax Rate from Continuing Operations

11.4

%

8.0

%

* 100% or greater

MERCK & CO., INC.

FIRST QUARTER 2022 GAAP TO NON-GAAP RECONCILIATION - CONTINUING OPERATIONS

(AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE FIGURES)

(UNAUDITED)

Table 2a

GAAP

Acquisition and Divestiture-
Related Costs (1)

Restructuring Costs (2)

(Income) Loss from
Investments in Equity
Securities

Adjustment Subtotal

Non-GAAP

First Quarter

Cost of sales

$

5,380

680

46

726

$

4,654

Selling, general and administrative

2,323

50

21

71

2,252

Research and development

2,576

22

7

29

2,547

Restructuring costs

53

-

53

53

-

Other (income) expense, net

708

(115)

684

569

139

Income from Continuing Operations Before Taxes

4,861

(637)

(127)

(684)

(1,448

)

6,309

Income Tax Provision (Benefit)

554

(155)

(3

)

(22)

(3

)

(152)

(3

)

(329

)

883

Net Income from Continuing Operations

4,307

(482)

(105)

(532)

(1,119

)

5,426

Net Income from Continuing Operations Attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.

4,310

(482)

(105)

(532)

(1,119

)

5,429

Earnings per Common Share Assuming Dilution from Continuing Operations

$

1.70

(0.19)

(0.04)

(0.21)

(0.44

)

$

2.14

Tax Rate

11.4

%

14.0

%

Only the line items that are affected by non-GAAP adjustments are shown.

Merck is providing certain non-GAAP information that excludes certain items because of the nature of these items and the impact they have on the analysis of underlying business performance and trends. Management believes that providing non-GAAP information enhances investors’ understanding of the company’s results because management uses non-GAAP measures to assess performance. Management uses non-GAAP measures internally for planning and forecasting purposes and to measure the performance of the company along with other metrics. In addition, senior management’s annual compensation is derived in part using a non-GAAP pretax income metric. The non-GAAP information presented should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for or superior to, information prepared in accordance with GAAP.

(1) Amounts included in cost of sales primarily reflect expenses for the amortization of intangible assets. Amounts included in other (income) expense, net, primarily reflect royalty income and a decrease in the estimated fair value measurement of liabilities for contingent consideration related to the termination of the Sanofi-Pasteur MSD joint venture.

(2) Amounts primarily include employee separation costs and accelerated depreciation associated with facilities to be closed or divested related to activities under the company's formal restructuring programs.

(3) Represent the estimated tax impacts on the reconciling items based on applying the statutory rate of the originating territory of the non-GAAP adjustments.

MERCK & CO., INC.

FRANCHISE / KEY PRODUCT SALES - CONTINUING OPERATIONS

(AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS)

(UNAUDITED)

Table 3

2022

2021

1Q

1Q

1Q

2Q

3Q

4Q

Full Year

Nom %

Ex-Exch %

TOTAL SALES (1)

$

15,901

$

10,627

$

11,402

$

13,154

$

13,521

$

48,704

50

52

PHARMACEUTICAL

14,107

9,238

9,980

11,496

12,039

42,754

53

57

Oncology

Keytruda

4,809

3,899

4,176

4,534

4,577

17,186

23

27

Alliance Revenue – Lynparza (2)

266

228

248

246

268

989

17

20

Alliance Revenue – Lenvima (2)

227

130

181

188

206

704

75

77

Alliance Revenue – Reblozyl (3)

52

17

17

*

*

Vaccines (4)

Gardasil / Gardasil 9

1,460

917

1,234

1,993

1,528

5,673

59

60

ProQuad / M-M-R II / Varivax

470

449

516

661

509

2,135

5

6

RotaTeq

216

158

208

227

213

807

36

38

Pneumovax 23

173

171

152

277

292

893

1

3

Vaqta

36

34

56

48

41

179

6

6

Hospital Acute Care

Bridion

395

340

387

369

436

1,532

16

20

Prevymis

94

82

93

96

100

370

14

20

Primaxin

58

65

60

70

65

259

-10

-11

Noxafil

57

67

66

64

62

259

-14

-11

Cancidas

53

57

54

56

45

212

-8

-7

Dificid

52

27

34

54

60

175

95

96

Invanz

52

57

48

53

45

202

-7

-4

Zerbaxa

30

(8

)

(1

)

(2

)

10

(1

)

*

*

Cardiovascular

Alliance Revenue - Adempas/Verquvo (5)

72

74

74

100

94

342

-3

-3

Adempas (6)

61

55

74

59

63

252

11

20

Virology

Lagevrio

3,247

952

952

*

*

Isentress / Isentress HD

158

209

192

189

178

769

-24

-21

Neuroscience

Belsomra

69

79

78

81

80

318

-14

-8

Immunology

Simponi

186

214

202

203

206

825

-13

-6

Remicade

61

85

75

73

67

299

-29

-21

Diabetes (7)

Januvia

779

809

784

852

878

3,324

-4

-1

Janumet

454

486

477

487

514

1,964

-6

-1

Other Pharmaceutical (8)

520

554

512

518

533

2,118

-6

-5

ANIMAL HEALTH

1,482

1,418

1,472

1,417

1,261

5,568

4

9

Livestock

832

819

821

864

791

3,295

2

7

Companion Animals

650

599

651

553

470

2,273

9

13

Other Revenues (9)

312

(29

)

(50

)

241

221

382

*

*

* 200% or greater

Sum of quarterly amounts may not equal year-to-date amounts due to rounding.

(1) Only select products are shown.

(2) Alliance Revenue represents Merck’s share of profits, which are product sales net of cost of sales and commercialization costs.

(3) Alliance revenue represents royalties and a milestone payment.

(4) Total Vaccines sales were $2,481 million in the first quarter of 2022 and $1,809 million, $2,293 million, $3,315 million and $2,715 million in the first, second, third and fourth quarters of 2021, respectively.

(5) Alliance Revenue represents Merck's share of profits from sales in Bayer's marketing territories, which are product sales net of cost of sales and commercialization costs.

(6) Net product sales in Merck's marketing territories.

(7) Total Diabetes sales were $1,305 million in the first quarter of 2022 and $1,363 million, $1,330 million, $1,417 million, and $1,475 million in the first, second, third, and fourth quarter of 2021, respectively.

(8) Includes Pharmaceutical products not individually shown above.

(9) Other Revenues are comprised primarily of third-party manufacturing sales and miscellaneous corporate revenues, including revenue hedging activities. Other Revenues in the first and third quarter of 2021 include $50 million and $135 million, respectively, related to the receipt of milestone payments for an out-licensed product.

View source version on businesswire.com: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20220428005403/en/

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(908) 740-1037

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