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Moleculin Expands Leukemia Development Portfolio with Immuno-Stimulating STAT3 Inhibitor

HOUSTON, TX--(Marketwired - January 10, 2018) - Moleculin Biotech, Inc., (MBRX) ("Moleculin" or the "Company"), a clinical stage pharmaceutical company focused on the development of anti-cancer drug candidates, some of which are based on license agreements with The University of Texas System on behalf of the MD Anderson Cancer Center ("MD Anderson"), today announced it has expanded the Company's development pipeline for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia ("AML") with an immuno-stimulating STAT3 inhibitor.

"Leading experts in the treatment of AML, Dr. Jorge Cortes and Dr. Sanjay Awasthi have now asked us to expand our clinical research to include WP1066, our immuno-stimulating agent and STAT3 inhibitor, to increase therapeutic options for AML patients," commented Walter Klemp, Chairman and CEO of Moleculin. "This would potentially be complementary and synergistic with Annamycin and existing first line treatments and could position us as a leader in the advancement of leukemia treatments."

Dr. Sanjay Awasthi, Professor of the Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Hematology & Oncology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center and Medical Director, Southwest Cancer Center Lubbock, Texas, added, "The apparent ability in pre-clinical trials of WP1066 to stimulate the patient's natural immune response and simultaneously inducing tumor cell death by inhibiting the activated form of STAT3 is highly promising and unique. Importantly, based on current scientific findings, such properties should be extremely valuable in developing improved treatments for AML patients and expanding their therapeutic options.

"We are clearly excited to see what Moleculin's Annamycin can do for relapsed or refractory AML patients in the Company's recently launched clinical trial," continued Dr. Awasthi, "thus given the potential for an even broader arsenal of AML drugs, we are encouraging Moleculin to expand their AML clinical research to include this novel immuno-stimulating STAT3 inhibitor drug candidate."

Another noted AML expert, Dr. Jorge Cortes, is also encouraging Moleculin's clinical expansion, commenting: "AML appears to be associated with a significant increase in the activation of STAT3 and many of us in the AML clinical community have been eager to test the ability of a STAT3 inhibitor to treat AML patients. Part of the difficulty in pursuing this path has been finding a safe and effective STAT3 inhibitor and, if successful, WP1066 may have finally opened this pathway."

Mr. Klemp concluded: "Of course, our first priority will be to demonstrate single agent activity in both Annamycin and WP1066, but we see exploring the potential for synergistic effect as a longer-term opportunity as well."

About Moleculin Biotech, Inc.

Moleculin Biotech, Inc. is a clinical stage pharmaceutical company focused on the development of anti-cancer drug candidates, some of which are based on discoveries made at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. Our clinical stage drugs are Annamycin, an anthracycline being studied for the treatment of relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia, more commonly referred to as AML, and WP1066, a modulator of hard-to-target tumor cell signaling mechanisms intended to attack tumor activity directly while also recruiting the patient's own immune system. We are also engaged in preclinical development of additional drug candidates, including compounds targeting the metabolism of tumors.

For more information about the Company, please visit http://moleculin.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

Some of the statements in this release are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, which involve risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements in this press release include, without limitation, the ability of Annamycin and/or WP1066 to demonstrate safety and efficacy in AML patients. These statements relate to future events, future expectations, plans and prospects. Although Moleculin Biotech believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable as of the date made, expectations may prove to have been materially different from the results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Moleculin Biotech has attempted to identify forward-looking statements by terminology including "believes," "estimates," "anticipates," "expects," "plans," "projects," "intends," "potential," "may," "could," "might," "will," "should," "approximately" or other words that convey uncertainty of future events or outcomes to identify these forward-looking statements. These statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors, including those discussed under Item 1A. "Risk Factors" in our most recently filed Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") and updated from time to time in our Form 10-Q filings and in our other public filings with the SEC. Any forward-looking statements contained in this release speak only as of its date. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements contained in this release to reflect events or circumstances occurring after its date or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.