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Morgan Stanley First Quarter 2021 Earnings Results

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Morgan Stanley Reports Net Revenues of $15.7 Billion, EPS of $2.19 and ROTCE of 21.1%

Morgan Stanley (NYSE: MS) today reported net revenues of $15.7 billion for the first quarter ended March 31, 2021 compared with $9.8 billion a year ago. Net income applicable to Morgan Stanley was $4.1 billion, or $2.19 per diluted share,1 compared with net income of $1.7 billion, or $1.01 per diluted share,1 for the same period a year ago. The comparisons of current year results to prior periods were impacted by the acquisitions of Eaton Vance Corp. ("Eaton Vance") completed on March 1, 2021, reported in the Investment Management segment and E*TRADE Financial Corporation ("E*TRADE") completed in the fourth quarter of 2020, reported in the Wealth Management segment.

James P. Gorman, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, said, "The Firm delivered record results. The integrated Investment Bank continues to thrive. We closed the acquisition of Eaton Vance which takes Investment Management to over $1.4 trillion of assets. Wealth Management brought in record flows of $105 billion. The Firm is very well positioned for growth in the years ahead."

Financial Summary2,3,4

Highlights

Firm ($ millions, except per share data)

1Q 2021

1Q 2020

Net revenues

$15,719

$9,779

Provision for credit losses

$(98)

$407

Compensation expense

$6,798

$4,283

Non-compensation expenses

$3,675

$2,943

Pre-tax income10

$5,344

$2,146

Net income app. to MS

$4,120

$1,698

Expense efficiency ratio8

67%

74%

Earnings per diluted share

$2.19

$1.01

Book value per share

$52.71

$49.09

Tangible book value per share

$38.97

$43.28

Return on equity

16.9%

8.5%

Return on tangible equity6

21.1%

9.7%

Institutional Securities

Net revenues

$8,577

$5,178

Investment Banking

$2,613

$1,144

Equity

$2,875

$2,449

Fixed Income

$2,966

$2,062

Wealth Management

Net revenues

$5,959

$4,056

Fee-based client assets ($ billions)11

$1,574

$1,134

Fee-based asset flows ($ billions)12

$37.2

$18.4

Net new assets ($ billions)13

$104.9

$37.1

Loans ($ billions)

$104.9

$82.5

Investment Management

Net revenues

$1,314

$692

AUM ($ billions)14

$1,419

$584

Long-term net flows ($ billions)15

$16.3

$6.7

Institutional Securities

Institutional Securities reported net revenues for the current quarter of $8.6 billion compared with $5.2 billion a year ago. Pre-tax income was $3.4 billion compared with $950 million a year ago.10

Investment Banking revenues up 128% from a year ago:

Equity net revenues up 17% from a year ago:

Fixed Income net revenues up 44% from a year ago:

($ millions)

1Q 2021

1Q 2020

Net Revenues4

$8,577

$5,178

Investment Banking

$2,613

$1,144

Advisory

$480

$362

Equity underwriting

$1,502

$336

Fixed income underwriting

$631

$446

Equity

$2,875

$2,449

Fixed Income

$2,966

$2,062

Other

$123

$(477)

Provision for credit losses

$(93)

$388

Total Expenses4

$5,299

$3,840

Compensation

$3,114

$1,814

Non-compensation

$2,185

$2,026

Other:

  • Other revenues increased from a year ago primarily driven by lower mark-to-market losses on corporate loans held for sale, net of related hedges, and gains on investments associated with certain employee deferred compensation plans, compared with losses on the investments in the prior year quarter.

Provision for credit losses:

  • Provision for credit losses on loans and lending commitments of $(93) million in the current quarter compared with $388 million in the prior year reflects a release in the allowance for credit losses driven by improvements in the outlook for macroeconomic conditions.

Total Expenses:

  • Compensation expense increased from a year ago on higher revenues and increases in the fair value of deferred compensation plan referenced investments.

  • Non-compensation expenses increased from a year ago primarily driven by higher volume related expenses.

Wealth Management

Wealth Management reported net revenues for the current quarter of $6.0 billion compared with $4.1 billion from a year ago. Pre-tax income of $1.6 billion10 in the current quarter resulted in a reported pre-tax margin of 26.9% or 27.9% excluding the impact of integration-related expenses.7,9 The comparisons of current year results to prior periods were impacted by the acquisition of E*TRADE.

Net revenues increased 47% from a year ago:

Total Expenses:

($ millions)

1Q 2021

1Q 2020

Net Revenues4

$5,959

$4,056

Asset management

$3,191

$2,680

Transactional16

$1,228

$399

Net interest income

$1,385

$896

Other

$155

$81

Provision for credit losses

$(5)

$19

Total Expenses4

$4,364

$2,982

Compensation

$3,170

$2,212

Non-compensation

$1,194

$770

Investment Management

Investment Management reported net revenues of $1.3 billion compared with $692 million a year ago. Pre-tax income was $370 million compared with $143 million a year ago.10 The comparisons of current year results to prior periods were impacted by the acquisition of Eaton Vance which closed on March 1, 2021.

Net revenues increased 90% from a year ago:

Total Expenses:

($ millions)

1Q 2021

1Q 2020

Net Revenues4

$1,314

$692

Asset management and related fees

$1,103

$665

Performance-based income and other

$211

$27

Total Expenses

$944

$549

Compensation

$514

$257

Non-compensation

$430

$292

Other Matters

1Q 2021

1Q 2020

Capital17

Standardized Approach

CET1 capital18

16.8%

15.7%

Tier 1 capital18

18.5%

17.8%

Advanced Approach

CET1 capital18

17.3%

15.2%

Tier 1 capital18

19.1%

17.3%

Leverage-based capital

Tier 1 leverage19

7.5%

8.1%

SLR20

6.7%

6.2%

Common Stock Repurchases

Repurchases ($ millions)

$2,135

$1,347

Number of Shares (millions)

28

29

Average Price

$77.47

$46.01

Period End Shares (millions)

1,869

1,576

Tax Rate21

22.0%

17.1%

Morgan Stanley is a leading global financial services firm providing a wide range of investment banking, securities, wealth management and investment management services. With offices in more than 41 countries, the Firm’s employees serve clients worldwide including corporations, governments, institutions and individuals. For further information about Morgan Stanley, please visit www.morganstanley.com.

A financial summary follows. Financial, statistical and business-related information, as well as information regarding business and segment trends, is included in the financial supplement. Both the earnings release and the financial supplement are available online in the Investor Relations section at www.morganstanley.com.

NOTICE:

The information provided herein and in the financial supplement, including information provided on the Firm’s earnings conference calls, may include certain non-GAAP financial measures. The definition of such measures or reconciliation of such measures to the comparable U.S. GAAP figures are included in this earnings release and the financial supplement, both of which are available on www.morganstanley.com.

This earnings release may contain forward-looking statements, including the attainment of certain financial and other targets, objectives and goals. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date on which they are made, which reflect management’s current estimates, projections, expectations, assumptions, interpretations or beliefs and which are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially. For a discussion of risks and uncertainties that may affect the future results of the Firm, please see "Forward-Looking Statements" immediately preceding Part I, Item 1, "Competition" and "Supervision and Regulation" in Part I, Item 1, "Risk Factors" in Part I, Item 1A, "Legal Proceedings" in Part I, Item 3, "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in Part II, Item 7 and "Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Risk" in Part II, Item 7A in the Firm’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 and other items throughout the Form 10-K and the Firm’s Current Reports on Form 8-K, including any amendments thereto.

1 Includes preferred dividends related to the calculation of earnings per share of $138 million and $108 million for the first quarter of 2021 and 2020, respectively.

2 The Firm prepares its Consolidated Financial Statements using accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (U.S. GAAP). From time to time, Morgan Stanley may disclose certain "non-GAAP financial measures" in the course of its earnings releases, earnings conference calls, financial presentations and otherwise. The Securities and Exchange Commission defines a "non-GAAP financial measure" as a numerical measure of historical or future financial performance, financial position, or cash flows that is subject to adjustments that effectively exclude, or include amounts from the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Non-GAAP financial measures disclosed by Morgan Stanley are provided as additional information to analysts, investors and other stakeholders in order to provide them with greater transparency about, or an alternative method for assessing our financial condition, operating results, or capital adequacy. These measures are not in accordance with, or a substitute for U.S. GAAP, and may be different from or inconsistent with non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. Whenever we refer to a non-GAAP financial measure, we will also generally define it or present the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP, along with a reconciliation of the differences between the non-GAAP financial measure we reference and such comparable U.S. GAAP financial measure.

3 Our earnings releases, earnings conference calls, financial presentations and other communications may also include certain metrics which we believe to be useful to us, analysts, investors, and other stakeholders by providing further transparency about, or an additional means of assessing, our financial condition and operating results.

4 As part of the Firm’s effort to continually improve the transparency and comparability of our external financial reporting, several updates to our financial presentation were implemented in the first quarter of 2021. The presentation changes are as follows:

(i)

The Provision for credit losses for loans and lending commitments is now presented as a separate line in the consolidated income statements.

(ii)

Gains and losses on external economic derivative hedges associated with held-for-sale and held-for-investment corporate loans, which were previously reported in Trading revenues, are now reported within Other revenues in the consolidated income statements.

(iii)

In the Institutional Securities segment, sales and trading net revenues have been reorganized and reported into the following categories, Equity, Fixed Income and Other. In addition, Equity and Fixed Income now include certain Investments and Other revenues to the extent directly attributable to those businesses. The remaining Investments and Other revenues, along with amounts previously disclosed as "Other sales and trading" will be shown as "Other".

(iv)

In the Investment Management segment, we have renamed the previously disclosed revenue line "Asset management" to "Asset management and related fees" and combined the remaining revenue categories under a new line named "Performance-based income and other".

The corresponding reclassifications have been made to prior periods to conform to the current presentation. For further information about these changes, see the Firm’s first quarter 2021 financial supplement available online in the Investor Relations section at www.morganstanley.com.

5 Firm and Institutional Securities net revenues and Firm net income applicable to Morgan Stanley represent records for a reported quarterly period after excluding the impact of debt valuation adjustments (DVA), which were previously reflected in net revenues in prior periods, and reflecting the current reporting structure of the Firm (i.e. exclusive of discontinued operations). Net revenues and net income applicable to Morgan Stanley, excluding the impact of DVA, were non-GAAP financial measures in those prior periods that were reconciled to the comparable GAAP financial measures in the respective quarterly reports filed on Form 10-Q.

6 Return on average tangible common equity and return on average tangible common equity excluding integration-related expenses are non-GAAP financial measures that the Firm considers useful for analysts, investors and other stakeholders to allow comparability of period-to-period operating performance and capital adequacy. The calculation of return on average tangible common equity represents full year net income or annualized net income applicable for the quarter applicable to Morgan Stanley less preferred dividends as a percentage of average tangible common equity. Tangible common equity, also a non-GAAP financial measure, represents common equity less goodwill and intangible assets net of allowable mortgage servicing rights deduction. The calculation of return on average tangible common equity and return on average tangible common equity excluding integration-related expenses are adjusted in both the numerator and the denominator to exclude the integration-related expenses associated with the acquisitions of E*TRADE and Eaton Vance.

7 The Firm’s first quarter results include $75 million of integration-related expenses on a pre-tax basis ($58 million after-tax) as a result of the E*TRADE and Eaton Vance acquisitions. The integration-related expenses include $33 million in compensation expense and $42 million in non-compensation expense. Wealth Management and Investment Management integration-related expenses include $30 million and $3 million in compensation expense, respectively, and $34 million and $8 million in non-compensation expense, respectively.

8 The Firm expense efficiency ratio of 67% represents total non-interest expenses as a percentage of net revenues. The Firm expense efficiency ratio excluding integration-related expenses of 66% represents total non-interest expenses adjusted for integration-related expenses as a percentage of net revenues. The Firm expense efficiency ratio excluding integration-related expenses is a non-GAAP financial measure that the Firm considers useful for analysts, investors and other stakeholders to allow comparability of period-to-period operating performance.

9 Pre-tax margin represents income before taxes divided by net revenues. Wealth Management pre-tax margin excluding the integration-related expenses represents income before taxes less those expenses divided by net revenues. Wealth Management pre-tax margin excluding integration-related expenses is a non-GAAP financial measure that the Firm considers useful for analysts, investors and other stakeholders to allow comparability of period-to-period operating performance.

10 Pre-tax income represents income before taxes.

11 Wealth Management fee-based client assets represent the amount of assets in client accounts where the basis of payment for services is a fee calculated on those assets.

12 Wealth Management fee-based asset flows include net new fee-based assets, net account transfers, dividends, interest, and client fees and exclude institutional cash management related activity.

13 Wealth Management net new assets represents client inflows (including dividend and interest) less client outflows (excluding activity from business combinations/divestitures and impact of fees and commissions).

14 AUM is defined as assets under management.

15 Long-term net flows include the Equity, Fixed Income and Alternative and Solutions asset classes and exclude the Liquidity and Overlay asset class.

16 Transactional revenues include investment banking, trading, and commissions and fee revenues. Transactional revenues excluding the impact of mark-to-market gains on investments associated with certain employee deferred compensation plans is a non-GAAP financial measure that the Firm considers useful for analysts, investors and other stakeholders to allow better comparability of period-to-period operating performance and capital adequacy.

17 Capital ratios are estimates as of the press release date, April 16, 2021.

18 CET1 capital is defined as Common Equity Tier 1 capital. The Firm’s risk-based capital ratios are computed under each of the (i) standardized approaches for calculating credit risk and market risk risk‐weighted assets (RWAs) (the "Standardized Approach") and (ii) applicable advanced approaches for calculating credit risk, market risk and operational risk RWAs (the "Advanced Approach"). For information on the calculation of regulatory capital and ratios, and associated regulatory requirements, please refer to "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Liquidity and Capital Resources – Regulatory Requirements" in the Firm’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (2020 Form 10-K).

19 The Tier 1 leverage ratio is a leverage-based capital requirement that measures the Firm’s leverage. Tier 1 leverage ratio utilizes Tier 1 capital as the numerator and average adjusted assets as the denominator.

20 The Firm’s supplementary leverage ratio (SLR) utilizes a Tier 1 capital numerator of approximately $84.1 billion and $73.9 billion, and supplementary leverage exposure denominator of approximately $1.26 trillion and $1.19 trillion, for the first quarter of 2021 and 2020, respectively. Based on a Federal Reserve interim final rule in effect until March 31, 2021, our SLR and supplementary leverage exposure as of March 31, 2021 reflect the exclusion of U.S. Treasury securities and deposits at Federal Reserve Banks. The exclusion of these assets had the effect of increasing our SLR by 0.7% as of March 31, 2021.

21 The income tax consequences related to employee share-based payments are recognized in Provision for income taxes in the consolidated income statement, and may be either a benefit or a provision. The impacts of recognizing excess tax benefits upon conversion of awards are $82 million and $99 million for the first quarter of 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Consolidated Income Statement Information

(unaudited, dollars in millions)

Quarter Ended

Percentage Change From:

Mar 31, 2021

Dec 31, 2020

Mar 31, 2020

Dec 31, 2020

Mar 31, 2020

Revenues:

Investment banking

$

2,840

$

2,435

$

1,271

17

%

123

%

Trading

4,225

3,229

2,801

31

%

51

%

Investments

318

327

38

(3

%)

*

Commissions and fees

1,626

1,352

1,360

20

%

20

%

Asset management

4,398

3,926

3,417

12

%

29

%

Other

284

457

(464

)

(38

%)

*

Total non-interest revenues

13,691

11,726

8,423

17

%

63

%

Interest income

2,437

2,245

3,503

9

%

(30

%)

Interest expense

409

374

2,147

9

%

(81

%)

Net interest

2,028

1,871

1,356

8

%

50

%

Net revenues

15,719

13,597

9,779

16

%

61

%

Provision for credit losses

(98

)

4

407

*

*

Non-interest expenses:

Compensation and benefits

6,798

5,450

4,283

25

%

59

%

Non-compensation expenses:

Brokerage, clearing and exchange fees

910

776

740

17

%

23

%

Information processing and communications

733

697

563

5

%

30

%

Professional services

624

679

449

(8

%)

39

%

Occupancy and equipment

405

456

365

(11

%)

11

%

Marketing and business development

146

161

132

(9

%)

11

%

Other

857

944

694

(9

%)

23

%

Total non-compensation expenses

3,675

3,713

2,943

(1

%)

25

%

Total non-interest expenses

10,473

9,163

7,226

14

%

45

%

Income before provision for income taxes

5,344

4,430

2,146

21

%

149

%

Provision for income taxes

1,176

1,018

366

16

%

*

Net income

$

4,168

$

3,412

$

1,780

22

%

134

%

Net income applicable to nonredeemable noncontrolling interests

48

27

82

78

%

(41

%)

Net income applicable to Morgan Stanley

4,120

3,385

1,698

22

%

143

%

Preferred stock dividend

138

119

108

16

%

28

%

Earnings applicable to Morgan Stanley common shareholders

$

3,982

$

3,266

$

1,590

22

%

150

%

The End Notes are an integral part of this presentation. Refer to the Financial Supplement on pages 14 - 19 for Definition of U.S. GAAP to Non-GAAP Measures, Definitions of Performance Metrics and Terms, Supplemental Quantitative Details and Calculations, and Legal Notice for additional information.

Consolidated Financial Metrics, Ratios and Statistical Data

(unaudited)

Quarter Ended

Percentage Change From:

Mar 31, 2021

Dec 31, 2020

Mar 31, 2020

Dec 31, 2020

Mar 31, 2020

Financial Metrics:

Earnings per basic share

$

2.22

$

1.84

$

1.02

21

%

118

%

Earnings per diluted share

$

2.19

$

1.81

$

1.01

21

%

117

%

Return on average common equity

16.9

%

14.7

%

8.5

%

Return on average tangible common equity

21.1

%

17.7

%

9.7

%

Book value per common share

$

52.71

$

51.13

$

49.09

Tangible book value per common share

$

38.97

$

41.95

$

43.28

Excluding integration-related expenses

Adjusted earnings per diluted share

$

2.22

$

1.92

$

1.01

16

%

120

%

Adjusted return on average common equity

17.1

%

15.6

%

8.5

%

Adjusted return on average tangible common equity

21.4

%

18.7

%

9.7

%

Financial Ratios:

Pre-tax profit margin

34

%

33

%

22

%

Compensation and benefits as a % of net revenues

43

%

40

%

44

%

Non-compensation expenses as a % of net revenues

23

%

27

%

30

%

Firm expense efficiency ratio

67

%

67

%

74

%

Firm expense efficiency ratio excluding integration-related expenses

66

%

66

%

74

%

Effective tax rate

22.0

%

23.0

%

17.1

%

Statistical Data:

Period end common shares outstanding (millions)

1,869

1,810

1,576

3

%

19

%

Average common shares outstanding (millions)

Basic

1,795

1,774

1,555

1

%

15

%

Diluted

1,818

1,802

1,573

1

%

16

%

Worldwide employees

70,975

68,097

60,670

4

%

17

%

Notes:

-

The Firm’s first quarter 2021 results include pre-tax integration-related expenses of $75 million ($58 million after-tax) reported in the Wealth Management and Investment Management business segments. The Firm's fourth quarter 2020 results include pre-tax integration-related expenses of $231 million ($189 million after-tax) reported in the Wealth Management business segment.

-

The End Notes are an integral part of this presentation. Refer to the Financial Supplement on pages 14 - 19 for Definition of U.S. GAAP to Non-GAAP Measures, Definitions of Performance Metrics and Terms, Supplemental Quantitative Details and Calculations, and Legal Notice for additional information.

View source version on businesswire.com: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210416005252/en/

Contacts

Media Relations: Wesley McDade 212-761-2430
Investor Relations: Sharon Yeshaya 212-761-1632