NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- The U.S. Treasury Department's latest changes to the mortgage modification program will deliver significant benefits to mortgage insurers, according to analysts at FBR Capital Markets.
On Friday, the Treasury Department released an updated guidance for the Home Affordable Mortgage Modification Program (HAMP), extending the program by another year to the end of 2013 and targeting an increase in principal reductions.
The government will now triple the incentives paid to servicers who reduce principal. Servicers will be paid between 30 cents to 63 cents for every $1 of reduced principal on early-stage delinquent loans compared to 10 cents to 21 cents earlier. For loans that are more than 6 months delinquent, the compensation has been increased to 18 cents from 6 cents earlier.
More importantly, the revised program will also pay Fannie Mae
Greater participation from Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in principal reductions could deliver a $4 billion benefit to the mortgage insurance industry, according to the analysts assuming the latest program is atleast as successful as the earlier version.
The analysts point out that loan forgiveness benefits mortgage insurers in one of two ways. They could either completely avoid a claim or at the very least it could also lower the claimable amount, as insurance now applies to the newly modified loan amount, not the original loan value.
Bank of America
However, the Treasury has withheld incentives to Bank of America and JPMorgan, saying that the banks have to significantly improve their modification efforts under HAMP.
The earlier version of the mortgage modification program has had only moderate success. Since 2009, HAMP has completed approximately 900,000 permanent modifications, most of which has involved a combination of reducing principal payments and lengthening the term of payment. That falls short of the original target of 4 million borrowers.
The "Principal Reduction Alternative" (PRA) has started approximately 38,000 permanent modifications for an average principal reduction of $66,000.
The government-sponsored agencies have so far balked at reducing principal on loans, a major shortcoming for HAMP. The Federal Housing Finance Agency recently released an analysis that concluded that it would cost Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac $100 billion to reduce principal on the 3 million underwater homes that they currently guarantee.
GSE participation in the new program is subject to the FHFA's approval. FHFA director Edward DeMarco said in a written statement that the agency would analyze the impact of the newly announced incentives on their estimates.
Other changes include extending HAMP to investor-owned properties as well as requiring servicers to consider second liens and other debt in estimating debt-to-income ratios. Only borrowers with a debt to income of more than 31% are considered eligible under the program.
The government has been pushing for greater principal reductions. Reducing principal on underwater homes, proponents argue, has the effect of providing both relief to homeowners as well as enabling successful refinancing. It also encourages labor mobility, as unemployed workers with underwater homes can more easily sell their homes and relocate to areas where there are more employment opportunities.
The big banks run their own mortgage modification programs besides offering modifications through the government.
JPMorgan has offered 1.2 million mortgage modifications and completed 452,000 since 2009. Bank of America has said more than 1 million modifications of first and second lien mortgages have been completed since 2008, of which 78 percent were completed using Bank of America proprietary programs, and the remainder were completed through the federal government's programs.
--Written by Shanthi Bharatwaj in New York.