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Nuverra Announces Third Quarter and Year-to-Date 2018 Results

SCOTTSDALE, Ariz.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--

– Q3 2018 revenue of $49.7 million and adjusted EBITDA of $3.9 million –

– Positive free cash flow for the nine months of $13.6 million –

– Total available liquidity of $31.3 million –

Nuverra Environmental Solutions, Inc. (NYSE American: NES) (“Nuverra,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our”) today announced financial and operating results for the third quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018.

SUMMARY OF QUARTERLY RESULTS

  • Third quarter revenue was $49.7 million, an increase of approximately 1.4%, or $0.8 million, when compared with revenue of $48.9 million in the second quarter of 2018.
  • When compared to the same period in the prior year, third quarter revenue increased 1.6%, or $0.8 million, and was comprised of 0.7% for pricing increases and 8.3% for an increase in activities, offset by 7.4% due to the exit of the Eagle Ford Shale area.
  • Adjusted EBITDA for the third quarter was $3.9 million, a decrease of $0.2 million compared with $4.1 million in the second quarter of 2018. Disposal volumes in the Rocky Mountain and Northeast divisions increased in the third quarter but were offset by lower disposal water pipeline volume in the Southern division.
  • Adjusted EBITDA for the third quarter decreased by $2.9 million over the same period in the prior year. Higher disposal water volumes in the current year were offset by higher reliance on third party contract drivers and lower disposal water pipeline volumes in the Southern division.
  • Total liquidity available for capital spending and other purposes as of September 30, 2018 was $31.3 million.

“Nuverra’s revenue continues to improve both sequentially and compared to 2017. The Company improved its liquidity position with $31.3 million of availability on September 30th and the total debt to AEBITDA ratio for the last twelve months was 2.3. As we have repositioned the Company to focus on higher return opportunities, we have sold underutilized assets which has assisted in generating positive free cash flow of $13.6 million through September 30th. We recently closed the Clearwater acquisition which we expect will be a platform for future organic growth and we continue to invest in the existing business to further improve our competitive position,” said Charlie Thompson, Interim Chief Executive Officer.

THIRD QUARTER 2018 RESULTS

Third quarter revenue was $49.7 million, an increase of $0.8 million, or 1.4%, from $48.9 million in the second quarter of 2018. Of this 1.4% increase, approximately 2.1% is attributable to increases in activities, offset by 0.5% for pricing decreases and 0.2% due to the exit of the Eagle Ford Shale area. When compared to the third quarter of 2017, third quarter revenue increased by 1.6% or $0.8 million and was comprised of 0.7% for pricing and 8.3% for an increase in activities, offset by 7.4% due to the exit of the Eagle Ford Shale area.

Gross profit adjusted for special items decreased 2.7% to $9.4 million in the third quarter of 2018 when compared to the second quarter of 2018. Gross profit margin fell 80 basis points, driven by timing of higher margin water transfer work and increased reliance on higher cost contract drivers. Total costs and expenses, adjusted for special items, were $55.9 million, a 1.8% decrease compared with $56.9 million in the second quarter of 2018, driven primarily by lower depreciation expense.

Net loss for the third quarter was $7.1 million, an improvement of $4.1 million when compared with a net loss of $11.2 million in the second quarter of 2018. For the third quarter of 2018, the Company reported a net loss, adjusted for special items, of $7.4 million. Special items in the third quarter primarily included gains on the sale of underutilized assets, transaction costs incurred in connection with the Clearwater acquisition on October 5, 2018, and stock-based compensation expense. This compares with a net loss, adjusted for special items, of $9.0 million in the second quarter of 2018.

Adjusted EBITDA for the third quarter was $3.9 million, a decrease of $0.2 million compared with $4.1 million in the second quarter of 2018. Disposal volumes in the Rocky Mountain and Northeast divisions increased in the third quarter as compared to the second quarter, but were offset by lower disposal water pipeline volume in the Southern division. Third quarter adjusted EBITDA margin was 7.9%, compared with 8.5% in the second quarter of 2018. When compared to the third quarter in 2017, adjusted EBITDA decreased $2.9 million, or 6.1%. Higher disposal water volumes in the current year were offset by higher reliance on third party contract drivers and lower disposal water pipeline volumes in the Southern division.

YEAR-TO-DATE RESULTS FOR THE NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018 (“YTD”)

YTD revenue was $148.3 million, an increase of $18.6 million, or 14.4%, from $129.6 million for the same period in 2017. Of this 14.4% increase, approximately 3.7% is attributable to pricing increases and 16.7% is a result of increases in activities, offset by 6.0% due to the exit of the Eagle Ford Shale area.

YTD net loss, adjusted for special items, was $30.0 million, an improvement of $31.8 million when compared with a net loss, adjusted for special items, of $61.8 million for the same period in 2017. YTD special items primarily included severance costs related to the departure of our former CEO and $4.6 million in long-lived asset impairment charges for assets held for sale primarily in the Southern division. Additionally, special items included restructuring charges related to our exit of the Eagle Ford Shale area, stock-based compensation expense, and a gain from the change in fair value of the derivative warrant liability.

YTD adjusted EBITDA was $10.4 million, an increase of $2.2 million, or 27.5%, when compared with the same period in 2017. Adjusted EBITDA margin for the 2018 YTD period was 7.0%, compared with 6.3% in 2017.

CASH FLOW AND LIQUIDITY

Net cash provided by operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $4.2 million, while asset sales net of capital expenditures provided proceeds of $9.4 million. Free cash flow, defined as cash from operations less net cash capital expenditures totaled $13.6 million in the third quarter of 2018, up from negative $20.9 million in the third quarter of 2017. Asset sales were related to unused or underutilized assets. The proceeds are expected to be reinvested in returns-driven growth projects during the fourth quarter of 2018, including the purchase of new trucks for our fleet.

Total liquidity available for capital spending and other purposes as of September 30, 2018 was $31.3 million. This consisted of cash and available borrowings of $21.1 million, plus an additional $10.2 million of borrowings available under our revolving facility specifically for capital expenditures. As of September 30, 2018, total debt outstanding was $35.6 million, consisting of $12.7 million under our senior secured term loan facility, $20.6 million under our second lien term loan facility, and $2.3 million of capital leases for vehicle financings.

ACQUISITION OF CLEARWATER SOLUTIONS

As previously announced, on October 5, 2018, we completed the acquisition of Clearwater Three, LLC, Clearwater Five, LLC, and Clearwater Solutions, LLC (collectively, “Clearwater”) for an initial purchase price of $41.9 million, subject to customary working capital adjustments (the “Acquisition”). Clearwater is a supplier of waste water disposal services used by the oil and gas industry in the Marcellus and Utica Shale areas. Clearwater has three salt water disposal wells in service, all of which are located in Ohio. This acquisition expands our service offerings in the Marcellus and Utica Shale areas in our Northeast division.

Consideration consisted of $41.9 million in cash which was funded primarily by a $32.5 million bridge loan that will be repaid with proceeds from a planned offering to shareholders of common stock purchase rights. In addition, our first lien credit agreement lenders provided us with an additional term loan under the first lien credit agreement in the amount of $10.0 million which was used to finance a portion of the Acquisition.

BASIS OF PRESENTATION

As previously disclosed, the Company emerged from chapter 11 bankruptcy on August 7, 2017, or the “Effective Date,” and elected to apply fresh start accounting as of July 31, 2017 to coincide with the timing of the normal accounting period close. References to “Successor” relate to the financial position and results of operations of the reorganized Company subsequent to July 31, 2017, while references to “Predecessor” refer to the financial position and results of operations of the Company on and prior to July 31, 2017. The Successor and Predecessor GAAP results for the applicable periods are presented in the tables following this release.

For discussion purposes, the Company has combined the Successor and Predecessor periods to derive combined results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017. However, because of various adjustments to the condensed consolidated financial statements in connection with the application of fresh start accounting, the results of operations for the Successor period are not comparable to those of the Predecessor period. The Company believes that, subject to consideration of the impact of fresh start accounting, combining the results of the Successor and Predecessor periods provides meaningful information about the financial results of the Company, including revenues and costs that assist a reader in understanding the financial results for the applicable periods.

About Nuverra

Nuverra Environmental Solutions, Inc. is among the largest companies in the United States dedicated to providing comprehensive, full-cycle environmental solutions to customers in the energy market. Nuverra focuses on the delivery, collection, treatment, and disposal of restricted solids, water, wastewater, waste fluids, and hydrocarbons. The Company provides its suite of environmentally compliant and sustainable solutions to customers who demand stricter environmental compliance and accountability from their service providers. Find additional information about Nuverra in documents filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) at http://www.sec.gov.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the United States Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the United States Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. You can identify these and other forward-looking statements by the use of words such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “predicts,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “may,” “might,” “will,” “should,” “would,” “could,” “potential,” “future,” “continue,” “ongoing,” “forecast,” “project,” “target” or similar expressions, and variations or negatives of these words.

These statements relate to our expectations for future events and time periods. All statements other than statements of historical fact are statements that could be deemed to be forward-looking statements, and any forward-looking statements contained herein are based on information available to us as of the date of this press release and our current expectations, forecasts and assumptions, and involve a number of risks and uncertainties. Accordingly, forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as representing our views as of any subsequent date. Future performance cannot be ensured, and actual results may differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements. Some factors that could cause actual results to differ include, among others: the effects of our completed restructuring on the Company and the interests of various constituents; risks and uncertainties associated with the restructuring process, including the outcome of a pending appeal of the order confirming the plan of reorganization and our ability to execute the requirements of the plan of reorganization subsequent to the effective date; the loss of one or more of our larger customers; our ability to attract and retain key executives and qualified employees in key areas of our business; our ability to attract and retain a sufficient number of qualified truck drivers in light of industry-wide driver shortages and high-turnover; risks associated with our indebtedness, including changes to interest rates, decreases in our borrowing availability, our ability to manage our liquidity needs and to comply with covenants under our credit facilities, including the requirement to conduct a rights offering; the availability of less favorable credit and payment terms due to changes in industry condition or our financial condition, which could constrain our liquidity and reduce availability under our revolving credit facility; difficulties in successfully executing our growth initiatives, including identifying and completing acquisitions and divestitures, successfully integrating acquired business operations, and identifying and managing risks inherent in acquisitions and divestitures, as well as differences in the type and availability of consideration or financing for such acquisitions and divestitures; higher than forecasted capital expenditures to maintain and repair our fleet of trucks, tanks, equipment and disposal wells; control of costs and expenses; risks associated with the limited trading volume of our common stock on the NYSE American Stock Exchange, including potential fluctuations in the trading prices of our common stock; risks associated with the reliance on third-party analyst and expert market projections and data for the markets in which we operate; risks associated with changes in industry practices and operational technologies and the impact on our business; present and possible future claims, litigation or enforcement actions or investigations; financial results that may be volatile and may not reflect historical trends due to, among other things, changes in commodity prices or general market conditions, acquisition and disposition activities, fluctuations in consumer trends, pricing pressures, transportation costs, changes in raw material or labor prices or rates related to our business and changing regulations or political developments in the markets in which we operate; changes in customer drilling, completion and production activities, operating methods and capital expenditure plans, including impacts due to low oil and/or natural gas prices or the economic or regulatory environment; risks associated with the operation, construction, development and closure of saltwater disposal wells, solids and liquids treatment and transportation assets, landfills and pipelines, including access to additional locations and rights-of-way, environmental remediation obligations, unscheduled delays or inefficiencies and reductions in volume due to micro- and macro-economic factors or the availability of less expensive alternatives; the effects of competition in the markets in which we operate, including the adverse impact of competitive product announcements or new entrants into our markets and transfers of resources by competitors into our markets; changes in economic conditions in the markets in which we operate or in the world generally, including as a result of political uncertainty; reduced demand for our services due to regulatory or other influences related to extraction methods such as hydraulic fracturing, shifts in production among shale areas in which we operate or into shale areas in which we do not currently have operations; the unknown future impact of changes in laws and regulation on waste management and disposal activities, including those impacting the delivery, storage, collection, transportation, treatment and disposal of waste products, as well as the use or reuse of recycled or treated products or byproducts; risks involving developments in environmental or other governmental laws and regulations in the markets in which we operate and our ability to effectively respond to those developments including laws and regulations relating to oil and natural gas extraction businesses, particularly relating to water usage, and the disposal, transportation and treatment of liquid and solid wastes; and natural disasters, such as hurricanes, earthquakes and floods, or acts of terrorism, or extreme weather conditions, that may impact our business locations, assets, including wells or pipelines, distribution channels, or which otherwise disrupt our or our customers’ operations or the markets we serve.

The forward-looking statements contained, or incorporated by reference, herein are also subject generally to other risks and uncertainties that are described from time to time in the Company’s filings with the SEC. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which reflect management’s views as of the date of this press release. The Company undertakes no obligation to update any such forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, changes in expectations or otherwise. Additional risks and uncertainties are disclosed from time to time in the Company’s filings with the SEC, including our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and Current Reports on Form 8-K.

           

NUVERRA ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 
Successor Predecessor
Three Months Ended       Two Months Ended One Month Ended
September 30, 2018       September 30, 2017       July 31, 2017
Revenue:
Service revenue $ 45,694 $ 30,620 $ 13,608
Rental revenue 3,962   3,138   1,514  
Total revenue 49,656 33,758 15,122
Costs and expenses:
Direct operating expenses 39,753 26,110 11,896
General and administrative expenses 5,849 4,928 1,326
Depreciation and amortization 10,018 17,321 4,003
Impairment of long-lived assets 100 2,404
Other, net 49      
Total costs and expenses 55,769   50,763   17,225  
Operating loss (6,113 ) (17,005 ) (2,103 )
Interest expense, net (1,241 ) (778 ) (3,246 )
Other income, net 169 294 7
Reorganization items, net 137   530   229,198  
(Loss) income before income taxes (7,048 ) (16,959 ) 223,856
Income tax (expense) benefit (69 ) (34 ) 304  
Net (loss) income $ (7,117 ) $ (16,993 ) $ 224,160  
 
Earnings per common share:      
Net (loss) income per basic common share $ (0.61 ) $ (1.45 ) $ 1.48  
     
Net (loss) income per diluted common share $ (0.61 ) $ (1.45 ) $ 1.42  
 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic 11,696 11,696 150,951
Diluted 11,696 11,696 157,394
 
 
           

NUVERRA ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 
Successor Predecessor
Nine Months Ended       Two Months Ended Seven Months Ended
September 30, 2018       September 30, 2017       July 31, 2017
Revenue:
Service revenue $ 136,541 $ 30,620 $ 86,564
Rental revenue 11,732   3,138   9,319  
Total revenue 148,273 33,758 95,883
Costs and expenses:
Direct operating expenses 120,449 26,110 81,010
General and administrative expenses 31,183 4,928 22,552
Depreciation and amortization 36,731 17,321 28,981
Impairment of long-lived assets 4,563 2,404
Other, net 1,117      
Total costs and expenses 194,043   50,763   132,543  
Operating loss (45,770 ) (17,005 ) (36,660 )
Interest expense, net (3,695 ) (778 ) (22,792 )
Other income, net 683 294 4,247
Reorganization items, net (1,609 ) 530   223,494  
(Loss) income before income taxes (50,391 ) (16,959 ) 168,289
Income tax (expense) benefit (69 ) (34 ) 322  
Net (loss) income $ (50,460 ) $ (16,993 ) $ 168,611  
 
Earnings per common share:      
Net (loss) income per basic common share $ (4.31 ) $ (1.45 ) $ 1.12  
     
Net (loss) income per diluted common share $ (4.31 ) $ (1.45 ) $ 0.97  
 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic 11,696 11,696 150,940
Diluted 11,696 11,696 174,304
 
 
             

NUVERRA ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 
Successor
September 30,           December 31,
2018 2017
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents $ 15,077 $ 5,488
Restricted cash 1,850 1,296
Accounts receivable, net 29,706 30,965
Inventories 3,651 4,089
Prepaid expenses and other receivables 2,748 8,594
Other current assets 869 226
Assets held for sale 3,172   2,765  
Total current assets 57,073   53,423  
Property, plant and equipment, net 184,975 229,874
Equity investments 40 48
Intangibles, net 429 547
Goodwill 27,139 27,139
Deferred income taxes 73 84
Other assets 133   207  
Total assets $ 269,862   $ 311,322  
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
Accounts payable $ 7,102 $ 7,946
Accrued liabilities 15,724 13,939
Current contingent consideration 500 500
Current portion of long-term debt 4,526 5,525
Derivative warrant liability 154   477  
Total current liabilities 28,006   28,387  
Long-term debt 31,088 33,524
Other long-term liabilities 6,763   6,438  
Total liabilities 65,857   68,349  
Commitments and contingencies
Shareholders’ equity:
Common stock 117 117
Additional paid-in capital 302,243 290,751
Accumulated deficit (98,355 ) (47,895 )
Total shareholders’ equity 204,005   242,973  
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity $ 269,862   $ 311,322  
 
 
           

NUVERRA ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands) (Unaudited)

 
Successor Predecessor
Nine Months Ended       Two Months Ended Seven Months Ended
September 30, 2018       September 30, 2017      

July 31, 2017

Cash flows from operating activities:
Net (loss) income $ (50,460 ) $ (16,993 ) $ 168,611
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 36,731 17,321 28,981
Amortization of debt issuance costs, net 2,135
Accrued interest added to debt principal 119 177 11,474
Stock-based compensation 11,492 181 457
Impairment of long-lived assets 4,563 2,404
Gain on sale of UGSI (75 ) (76 )
(Gain) loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment (919 ) 687 (258 )
Bad debt (recoveries) expense (164 ) 41 788
Change in fair value of derivative warrant liability (323 ) 140 (4,025 )
Deferred income taxes 11 34 (337 )
Other, net 541 152 (11,295 )
Reorganization items, non-cash (218,600 )
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable 1,423 (5,349 ) (4,528 )
Prepaid expenses and other receivables 487 (528 ) 472
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities 1,028 (1,111 ) 3,682
Other assets and liabilities, net (234 ) (152 ) 3,494  
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities 4,220   (3,072 ) (18,949 )
Cash flows from investing activities:
Proceeds from the sale of property, plant and equipment 19,066 1,623 3,083
Purchases of property, plant and equipment (9,687 ) (404 ) (3,149 )
Proceeds from the sale of UGSI 75   76    
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities 9,454   1,295   (66 )
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from Predecessor revolving credit facility 106,785
Payments on Predecessor revolving credit facility (129,964 )
Proceeds from Predecessor term loan 15,700
Proceeds from debtor in possession term loan 6,875
Proceeds from Successor First and Second Lien Term Loans 36,053
Payments on Successor First and Second Lien Term Loans (2,132 ) (442 )
Proceeds from Successor revolving facility 172,336 28,020
Payments on Successor revolving facility (172,336 ) (28,020 )
Payments for debt issuance costs (1,053 )
Payments on vehicle financing and other financing activities (1,399 ) (1,773 ) (2,797 )
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities (3,531 ) (2,215 ) 31,599  
Change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash 10,143   (3,992 ) 12,584  
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period 5,488 7,193 994
Restricted cash, beginning of period 1,296   7,805   1,420  
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period 6,784   14,998   2,414  
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period 15,077 3,248 7,193
Restricted cash, end of period 1,850   7,758   7,805  
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period $ 16,927   $ 11,006   $ 14,998  
 
 

NUVERRA ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NON-GAAP RECONCILIATIONS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

This press release contains non-GAAP financial measures as defined by the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. A non-GAAP financial measure is a numerical measure of a company’s historical or future financial performance, financial position or cash flows that excludes amounts, or is subject to adjustments that have the effect of excluding amounts, that are included in the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP in the statements of operations or balance sheets of the Company; or includes amounts, or is subject to adjustments that have the effect of including amounts, that are excluded from the most directly comparable measure so calculated and presented. Reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to their comparable GAAP financial measures are included in the attached financial tables.

These non-GAAP financial measures are provided because management of the Company uses these financial measures in maintaining and evaluating the Company’s ongoing financial results and trends. Management uses this non-GAAP information as an indicator of business results, and evaluates overall performance with respect to such indicators. Management believes that excluding items such as acquisition expenses, amortization of intangible assets, stock-based compensation, asset impairments, restructuring charges, expenses related to litigation and resolution of lawsuits, and other charges, which may or may not be non-recurring, among other items that are inconsistent in amount and frequency (as with acquisition expenses), or determined pursuant to complex formulas that incorporate factors, such as market volatility, that are beyond our control (as with stock-based compensation), for purposes of calculating these non-GAAP financial measures facilitates a more meaningful evaluation of the Company’s current operating performance and comparisons to the past and future operating performance. The Company believes that providing non-GAAP financial measures such as EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted net income (loss), and adjusted net income (loss) per share, in addition to related GAAP financial measures, provides investors with greater transparency to the information used by the Company’s management. These non-GAAP financial measures are not substitutes for measures of performance or liquidity calculated in accordance with GAAP and may not necessarily be indicative of the Company’s liquidity or ability to fund cash needs. Not all companies calculate non-GAAP financial measures in the same manner, and our presentation may not be comparable to the presentations of other companies.

For illustrative purposes, the Company has combined the Successor and Predecessor periods to derive combined results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 for these non-GAAP reconciliations. The combination was generated by addition of comparable financial statement line item captions. However, because of various adjustments to the condensed consolidated financial statements in connection with the application of fresh start accounting, including asset valuation adjustments and liability adjustments, the results of operations for the Successor period are not comparable to those of the Predecessor period. The financial information preceding these non-GAAP reconciliations provides the Successor and Predecessor GAAP results for the applicable periods. The Company believes that subject to consideration of the impact of fresh start accounting, combining the results of the Successor and Predecessor periods provides meaningful information about the financial results of the Company, including revenues and costs that assist a reader in understanding the financial results for the applicable periods.

           

NUVERRA ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NON-GAAP RECONCILIATIONS (continued)

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

Reconciliation of Net (loss) income to EBITDA and Total Adjusted EBITDA

 
Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
2018       2017 [1] 2018       2017 [1]
Net (loss) income $ (7,117 ) $ 207,167 $ (50,460 ) $ 151,618
Depreciation and amortization 10,018 21,324 36,731 46,302
Interest expense, net 1,241 4,024 3,695 23,570
Income tax expense (benefit) 69   (270 ) 69   (288 )
EBITDA 4,211 232,245 (9,965 ) 221,202
Adjustments:
Transaction-related costs, net 393 445
Stock-based compensation 98 217 11,492 638
Change in fair value of derivative warrant liability (34 ) 140 (323 ) (3,885 )
Capital reorganization costs [2] 9,448
Reorganization items, net [3] (137 ) (229,728 ) 1,609 (224,024 )
Legal and environmental costs, net (81 ) 991 (452 ) 2,045
Impairment of long-lived assets 100 2,404 4,563 2,404
Restructuring, exit and other costs 49 1,117
Gain on sale of UGSI (76 ) (75 ) (76 )
Executive and severance costs 2,937
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets (665 ) 652   (919 ) 429  
Total Adjusted EBITDA $ 3,934   $ 6,845   $ 10,429   $ 8,181  
 
[1]     For illustrative purposes, the Company has combined the Successor and Predecessor periods to derive combined results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017.
[2] Capital reorganization costs in 2017 represent costs related to the chapter 11 filing incurred prior to the May 1, 2017 filing date.
[3] Reorganization items, net represents the costs related to the chapter 11 filing incurred after the May 1, 2017 filing date.
 
 
                             

NUVERRA ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NON-GAAP RECONCILIATIONS (continued)

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

Reconciliation of QTD Segment Performance to Adjusted EBITDA

 
Three months ended September 30, 2018

Rocky

Mountain

Northeast Southern Corporate Total
Revenue $ 33,399 $ 11,247 $ 5,010 $ $ 49,656
Direct operating expenses 25,757 10,372 3,624 39,753
General and administrative expenses 1,605 442 106 3,696 5,849
Depreciation and amortization 5,698 1,976 2,331 13 10,018
Operating income (loss) 339 (1,543 ) (1,200 ) (3,709 ) (6,113 )
Operating margin % 1.0 % (13.7 )% (24.0 )% N/A (12.3 )%
Income (loss) before income taxes 372 (1,628 ) (1,240 ) (4,552 ) (7,048 )
 
Net income (loss) 372 (1,636 ) (1,246 ) (4,607 ) (7,117 )
Depreciation and amortization 5,698 1,976 2,331 13 10,018
Interest expense, net 102 85 40 1,014 1,241
Income tax expense   8   6   55   69  
EBITDA $ 6,172 $ 433 $ 1,131 $ (3,525 ) $ 4,211
 
Adjustments, net (203 ) (264 ) (130 ) 320   (277 )
Adjusted EBITDA $ 5,969   $ 169   $ 1,001   $ (3,205 ) $ 3,934  
Adjusted EBITDA margin % 17.9 % 1.5 % 20.0 % N/A 7.9 %
 
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Three months ended September 30, 2017 [1]