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Oil Posts First Loss of the Year as Market Awaits Iran Response

Sheela Tobben and Grant Smith
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Oil Posts First Loss of the Year as Market Awaits Iran Response

(Bloomberg) -- Oil fell for the first time this year as traders waited to see whether the clash between Iran and the U.S. would lead to a disruption in Middle East crude supplies.

Brent futures fell 0.9% after surging to a three-month high in response to a U.S. airstrike that killed a top Iranian general. While Iran’s semi-official Fars news agency said the Islamic Republic is assessing 13 retaliation “scenarios” against America and the White House ordered additional forces to the Middle East, oil flows out of the region continue unimpeded for now.

“It’s difficult for traders to keep buying on the promise of more geopolitical risk” after the Iranian incident, said Michael Loewen, director of commodity strategy at Scotiabank in Toronto.

Prices were little changed after the industry-funded American Petroleum Institute said U.S. crude stocks fell nearly 6 million barrels last week, according to people familiar with the matter. If confirmed by government data Wednesday, that would mark the fourth weekly decline. The group also reported that gasoline and distillate stocks expanded by more than 13 million barrels.

The oil market has had a turbulent start to 2020 as the U..S. attack -- coming after months of tension between Washington and Tehran, and the strike in September on Saudi Arabia’s Abqaiq processing facility -- reignites fears of conflict in the world’s most important oil producing region. Crude remains about 3% higher since the attack, but it’ll take a major disruption to output to keep prices elevated, according to Goldman Sachs Group Inc.

“While there have been no additional barrels taken offline as a result of the rising conflict between the U.S. and Iran, the situation remains ever fluid,” said Michael Tran, commodity strategist at RBC Capital Markets LLC.

Brent crude traded 48 cents lower at $68.48 a barrel on the ICE Futures Europe exchange at 4:50 p.m. in New York. The global benchmark ended Monday 0.5% higher after surpassing $70 in intraday trading. West Texas Intermediate futures fell 52 cents to $62.77 on the New York Mercantile Exchange.

Crude markets have a comfortable supply cushion should there be a disruption. OPEC is sitting on huge amounts of spare capacity after reducing supplies for most of the past three years, while the U.S. recently reported its first months as a net exporter of petroleum in about seven decades.

But oil buyers are wary that Iraq’s entanglement in the dispute could disrupt shipments from OPEC’s second-biggest producer. While there’s been no material threat to output, U.S. President Donald Trump has threatened heavy sanctions against the country if it follows through on a vote by parliament to expel foreign forces. The U.S. defense secretary has since insisted America hasn’t made a decision to leave Iraq.

The country, together with Saudi Arabia and Iran, pumped more than 16 million barrels of oil a day last month. Most of their exports leave the Persian Gulf through the Strait of Hormuz, a narrow waterway that Iran has repeatedly threatened to shut down if there’s a war.

“The year is starting with what could amount to a big bang of bullish factors and sentiment for oil as geopolitical risk is finally pricing into the market,” analysts Ed Morse and Francesco Martoccia at Citigroup Inc. said in a report. The bank boosted its forecasts for oil prices this year.

--With assistance from Sharon Cho.

To contact the reporters on this story: Sheela Tobben in New York at vtobben@bloomberg.net;Grant Smith in London at gsmith52@bloomberg.net

To contact the editors responsible for this story: James Herron at jherron9@bloomberg.net, Catherine Traywick, Mike Jeffers

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